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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 7, 1900)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 1900.
IN THE SEVERAL COURTS
XOX-SUIT IX CASE AGAIXST SAILOR.
Seaman Testified That He Signed
Shipping Articles Voluntarily Be-..
fore the British Consul.
A non-suit was granted by Judge Fra
zer yesterday in the $10,000 damage action
of Otto Ranft, a sailor, against Larry M.
Sullivan, John F. Grant. Richard J. Mc
Carron, partners as Sullivan, Grant Bros.
&. McCarron, John P. Betts and K. Guth
rie, master of the British ship MaeMIllan.
Ranft In his complaint set up that he
was compelled to ship on the vessel in
January, 1E9S, and was sent to sea with
out a proper outfit, did not get his ad
vance money, contracted scurvy on the
Voyage, and he sought to recover on ac
count of his alleged false imprisonment.
The defense was made by the sailor
boarding-house keepers Sullivan, Grant
Bros. & McCarron, represented by Henry
E. McGinn, as counsel, the ship Mae
MIllan and her captain not being in port.
The court found that the plaintiff was not
falsely imprisoned upon or forced to go
aboard the ship, but that he voluntarily
signed the articles; that the ship was de
layed on the voyage, which caused blm
to undergo hardships and inconveniences,
but that the defendants could not con
template what might happen in that re
gard, and that he had no case against
Ranft was the first witness. He testi
fied that he is 20 years old and a native
of Germany. He stopped at the boarding-house
of the defendants, and first
agreed to ship on the MacMillan, but
subsequently refused to go, and left the
place. Afterwards he returned and talked
about it, and Sullivan took him aside and
offered him ?50 advance money and $30
per month. When he went to the office
of British Consul Laidlaw to sign the ar
ticles, he stated that he ascertained that
the advance money was only $40 and the
wages $25 per month, but he concluded
to sign anyway, and did so. He went
alone into the consul's office. The rest of
the evidence of the plaintiff related to the
vovage. He said he was wet frequently
and suffered with toothache. The ship
was delayed two months by stormy
weather, and for quite awhile the crew
were on short rations and were short
of water, and his health suffered in con
sequence. He further stated that he was
not furnished with tobacco, which he was
accustomed to use, and this occasioned
him much privation and discomfort.
The plaintiff's attorneys, O'Neill &
Thompson and C. M. Idleman, made the
point that Ranft relied on getting ad
vance money alluded to "before he left,
and because he did not get it he had to
go away minus many articles which he
would otherwise have procured, and the
sufferings he underwent were chargeable
to this fact and was a part of the case
against the defendants. The defendants
were not charged with having obtained
this money, but they prevented Ranft
from getting it.
James Laidlaw. the British Consul, tes
tified that Ranft voluntarily signed the
shipping articles, and that sailor boarding
house men were not permitted to come
into his office with seamen when the lat
ter signed articles. Other witnesses ex
amined were A. W. Shearer, A. H. Maeg
ley and F. J. Patterson.
Sir. McGinn contended, in his argument
for a non-suit, that the only Issue was
whether Ranft was compelled against his
will to ship and become a member of the
crow. This was not shown by the testi
mony, as the plaintiff admitted that he
signed the contract voluntarily, and a
complaint he had previously filed in the
Justice Court proved he was a volun
tary member of the crew, and there was
also the evidence of Mr. Laidlaw. There
had been no false imprisonment, which
was the only cause of action alleged In
Judge Frazer, in passing upon the case,
discussed the facts fully, and said he had
sympathy for sailors who were Ill-treated,
but this case was not to be decided
on sympathy, but on law and evidence
He was satisfied from the evidence that
Ranft went voluntarily on the voyage
There was no one in Consul Laldlaw's
office when Ranft signed the articles. Sul
livan was not there, but It was stated
that Belts may have been. Ranft knew
he was to receive only $25 per month, and
he was satisfied. They gave him a kit,
which he said was not as much as it
might have been. The boy may have had
a hard time, but It resulted principally
from the delay on the voyage, for which
' the defendants were not responsible. The
court said that only one side of the ad
vance money question had been presented,
the defendants not having offered any
evidence on that point, and that they
could perhaps explain it satisfactorily
if they did. However, the suit was not
brought to recover that money, but for
false imprisonment, which had not been
established. The trial was before the
court without a jury. Ranft was an in
telligent witness, and appeared to be in
the best of health.
Suit Over a Hotel.
The suit of Emily J. Schneider against
her stepmother, Anna Danner, for pos
session of the Chicago Hotel, on East
Washington street, was decided by a Jury
yesterday in favor of the plaintiff by in
structions of Judge Sears, before whom
the case-was tried. The plaintiff was also
allowed 100 to cover the rental value of
the property since the action has been
pending, a period of some months.
Last Summer. Mrs. Danner sued her for
mer husband, Jacob Danner, to obtain a
reconveyance of the legal title to the
property, alleging that he obtained an ab
solute dec1 of it from her by fraud and
misrepresentations. Mrs. Schneider was
also a defendant to that suit, as she now
holds the title to the property which sho
secured from her father. Judge Clcland,
after a full hearing, decided that case
against Mrs. Danner, and the present suit
to eject Mrs. Danner followed.
Mrs. Danner for a long time held the
title to the property. Nine years ago she
obtained a divorce from Jacob, but he
still remained at the place afterwards.
She conducted the hotel, and the children
of Danner. by his first wife, and the
children of the second marriage all lived
together in harmony. Danner and his for
mer wife sometimes quarreled, and also
enjoyed periods of confidence and friend
ship, so much so that they once agreed
to remarry, but did not do so. On ac
count of threatened litigation by Mrs.
Schneider for wages alleged due. Mrs.
Danner transferred the hotel to Danner.
He also asserted that it was in settlement
of a note previously executed to him by
Mrs. Danner, and he and his daughter
have managed to hold the place.
The final account of Charles H. Payne,
administrator of the estate of Kit C.
Payne, deceased, was filed. The estate
was inventoried at $3550. and also shares of
mining stock, on which no valuation was
placed. The heirs are brothers and sis
ters. William M. Ladd, executor of the will of
Hannah M. Smith, deceased, filed a petition
for the sale of the real property compris
ing numerous acreage tracts, lots in Fair
view and Fernwood and City of Portland
property. The legatees include relatives,
various Presbyterian charities and mis
sions, the Library Association, First Pres
byterian Church. Young Men's Christian
Association, Woman's Union, the Home,
Refuge Home and Baby Home.
The final account of H. Wolf, executor
of the will of Richard Gerdes, deceased,
wag filed and approved. The receipts were
$5543, and the disbursements $5547. The
executor waived all fees except $50.
The inventory of th estate of Jacob
Blum, deceased, was filed. The property
Is valued at $22.6S6.
The objections to the final account of
the adminstrator of the estate of-JDanlel
Lower, deceased, were all overruled by
consent, except the attorney's fee, which
was reduced from $125 to $100. In this es
tate escheat proceedings are pending.
Special Panel of Jaron,
The following named persons have been
drawn as a special panel to fill the reg
ular panel of Jurors in the State Circuit
Court in the place of jurors excused:
James H. Douglas, farmer, Troutdale.
A. M. Brown, clerk, Portland.
Isaac S. Thomas, grocer, Portland.
F. S. Dunning, undertaker, Portland.
S. D. White, watchman, Portland.
Thomas Callahan, steamboatman. Fort
land. P. J. Cronln, harness-dealer, Portland.
F. G. Urfer, grocer, Portland.
N. S. Spinney, clerk, Portland.
William Kerron, farmer, 235 East Fif
teenth street north.
Felix Gilbert, farmer, Palestine.
Michael O'Donnell, capitalist, Portland.
J. W. Beakey, steward, Portland.
J. R. Brlgham, real estate, Portland.
Enos Swan, hotel-keeper, Portland.
P. H. Schulderman, stableman, Port
land. Michael Dougherty, capitalist, Portland.
A full Jury panel is required because the
trial calendar has been filled, and three
courts will bo engaged every day with
jury trials for the next 30 days.
The Criminal Court.
Judgo George yesterday overruled the
demurrer to the indictment in tho case
of A. P. Morse, charged with perjury in
swearing falsely at the trial of Frank E.
McDardeL The allegation is that Morse
told at. the trial he heard McDaniel come
home on the night the murder was sup
posed to have been committed, and that
ho previously testified that he did not
hear him enter the house. The demurrer
covered many grounds, but the court held
that the indictment was good and suf
ficiently apprised the defendant of the
charge ho is expected to meet. The time
of trial has not yet been fixed.
Two Chinese lottery keepers, Tee Kee
and Kong Chong, were tried and convict
ed in the Criminal Court yesterday. The
trials were separate, and the Jury was
out but a short time in each case. The
cases were prosecuted by Deputy District
Attorney Giltner, and the evidence was
furnished by the. police. Judge George
has not yet pronounced sentences.
Argued and Submitted.
Tho case of Allen &. Lewis vs. the O. R.
& N. Co., and the Oregon Short Line Rail
way, was argued before Judege Bellinger
In tho United States Court yesterday, and
submitted on a petition of the Oregon
Short Line Railway Company to withdraw
appearance, and also motion of plaintiff to
correct the record of the court in the
case. The Oregon Short Line having en
tered an appearance In the case, now
wishes to withdraw it, Zera Snow, coun
sel for defendant, arguing that the line
of the O. S. L. Ry. Co. being outside of
this district, the court had no jurisdiction
in the case, as far as this defendant is
concerned. L. B. Cox, counsel for plain
tiff, contended that the court had power
to grant the relief prayed for. The com
plaint charges violation of the Interstate
commerce law, and the object of the suit
is to compel defendant not to dlscrimlnats
against Portland merchants in Southern
To Correct a Deed.
Catherine T. Clark, whose aunt, Mary
Ahem, in April, 1S97, deeded her a large
amount of property, was befor Judge
Cleland yesterday as plaintiff in a suit to
correct tho description to part of a block
on Twenty-first street, between Davis
and Everett, 15Sx200, containing four
houses. .Mrs. Ahem was represented by
her guardian, F. K. Arnold, and his at
torney. There was no dispute as to the
facts, and it is only a matter of getting
the record straight. Mark O'Neill, attor
ney for the plaintiff, showed the court
tnat the mistake merely was that the de
scription sought to be corrected does not
run around the property. Counsel for
Mr. Arnold admitted everything, and
stated, among other things, that anyhow
the will of Mrs. Ahern in the possession
of her guardian, made some years ago,
bequeaths everything to Catherine Clark.
H. F. Allen, of Newberg, Is at the Per
kins. Rev. T. F. Stevens, of Corvallis, is at the
C M. Schoonmaker, of Boston, is at
Moses Burpee, of Houlton, Me., is regis
tered at the Portland.
J. Gavin and wife, of Denver, Colo., are
registered at the Portland.
Colonel W. E. Bush, of San Francisco,
Is registered at the Portland.
Edgar J. Diven, prominent merchant of
New York, Is registered at the Perkins.
H. L. Boardman, president of theKMc
Minnvlllo College, is registered at the Per
kins. W. J. Furnish, cashier of the First Na
tional Bank. Pendleton, is registered at
H. B. Miller, of Eugene, recently ap
pointed Consul to a Chinese port, Is regis
tered at the Imperial.
Dr. C. A. Macrum returned to the city
yesterday, after a short absence, and is
again at tho Portland.
E. A. Seeley, formerly of the White
Collar Line, has returned from Bennett,
Alaska, and is staying at the Imperial.
E. B. Marvin, of the firm of E. B. Mar
vin & Co., merchants, of Victoria, B. C,
and wife are registered at the Portland.
W. H. Wehrung, of Hillsboro, is at the
Perkins. Mr. Wehrunsr Is to be presiding
officer of the farmers' convention to be
F. S. Doernbecher, who Is building the
large furniture factory on tho East Side,
came to Portland j-esterday, and is regis
tered at the Portland.
C. A. Cornell and wife, of San Francisco,
are at the Imperial. Mr. Cornell lived In
Portland until a few years ago, when, he
moved his business to San Francisco.
Mrs. Gus Brown, of Seattle, and her
niece, Miss Blanche Brown, of Georgia,
visiting with Mrs. Rose Bernstein, will
leave for San Francisco Sunday night.
F. M. ZIber, of Warren, Idaho, is regis
tered at the Imperial, where he will re
main a few days, visiting Portland friends.
Mr. ZIber lived in Portland many years
ago, while his father was Interested In
WASHINGTON, March 6. Georgo
Waters, of Seattle, is at the Ebbltt.
An Eveninjr of Manic.
The cantata, "Under the Palms," was
given last evening at Trinity Methodist
Church, East Tenth and East Grant
streets, under the direction of II.
H. Glass. It is a religions cantata,
and went along smoothly. George A. Bu
chanan was bass, William W. Spencer ten
or. Miss Louise Schroeder soprano, Miss
Martha Yokal alto: quartet Miss Diana
VIggers, Miss Edna Collins, Walter Gill,
A. V. Baxter: choir Mrs. E. A. Collins,
Miss Belva Drain, Miss Lola Fishburn, so
pranos; Miss Ida Glass, Miss Fannie Vig
gers, altos; Millard Lee, tenor; George
Claggett, Albert Bittper, bass; chorus
Mrs. Anna H. Patton, Miss May Ahrens,
Miss Roberta Wing, sopranos; Mrs. H. H.
Glass. Mrs.1 Albert Blttner, MJ.es Ollie
Henderson, altos; Bert Leach, tenor;
George Linton, bass. There was also a
school of 20 voices and an infant class of
10 voices. There was also orchestra ac
companiment. "Under the Palms" is a
beautiful cantata, and It Is no small un
dertaking to marshal the voices necessary
to carry the various parts, but In this in
stance all worked faithfully to make the
rendition a success through frequent re
hearsals and instructions.
"Resolve slowly, act swiftly." Take
Hood's Sarsaparllla and you will no:
make any mistake.
1 Pianos Organs. Wiley B. Allen Co.
FRUITGROWERS TO MEET
ORCHARDISTS OF PACIFIC NORTH
, WEST WILL EXCHANGE OFIXIOXS.
An Assoclatlo'n Will Be Formed
Grade Fruit and Endeavor to
Fruitgrowers from all over the Pacific
Northwest, including Oregon, Washington,
Idaho. Western Montana and parts of
British Colunfbla, began gathering in Port
land yesterday to attend the fruitgrowers
convention, which will meet in the Cham
ber of Commerce today. It is thought that
several hundred practical orchardlsts will
be present, and that there will be full
representations from every section of the
Pacific Northwest. Over 500 invitations to
growers were issued, and a large number
of these have been accepted. Many coun
ties in Oregon and Washington, and some
in Idaho and Montana, have formally ap
pointed delegates, but all practical fruit
men are welcome. The appointment of
delegates by some communities was only
to Insure representation; other frultgrow-
FOUR NEW OFFICERS OF THE O. N. G.
1. Flrnt Iicutennnt F. E. Edwards,
2. Second Lieutenant Harry J. Hayes,
ers will also be in attendance from the
same places. The Horticultural Commls
sloners from the several districts in Wash
ington and Oregon are expected to be pres
ent. It is expected that the principal business
to be transacted, after an association has
been formed, will be the adoption of a
system for the grading and the market
ing of fruit. The Northwest has lost much
money In recent years because of poor
grading of fruit and lack of system in
marketing. With the existing evils in these
corrected, the profits in fruitgrowing
would be largely increased.
The preliminary arrrangements for this
meeting were made 'by an Invitation com
mittee composed of a score or more of
fruitgrowers in the Pacific Northwest, and
H. E. Dosch, Secretary of the State Board
The meeting will be called to order at 10
o'clock this morning in the Assembly Hall,
and will probably continue for two days.
Recuced fares were granted over the rail
roads leading Into Portland to those at
tending the meeting.
The Fanners' Conprrcsti.
The Farmers' Congress will meet in the
afternoon for the purpose of drafting a
constitution and by-laws. This body will
be formed of members of the Fruitgrow
ers' Association, the Dairymen, the Wool
growers, the Hopgrc A'ers and all other as
sociations of men following agricultural
pursuits, who will retain their separate
organizations, while belonging to the gen
POETRY OF THE BIBLE.
Mrs. Altman's First Lectnre Scholar
ly and Inspiring-.
A very scholarly and delightful lecture
on "The Song of Songs" opened Mrs. Alt
man's series of six Lenten talks at the
Selllng-HIrsch building yesterday after
noon. As- the subject of the entire course
is "The Poetical Books of the Bible,"
Mrs. Altman prefaced her lecture with a
few remarks explanatory of Hebrew poet
ry in general, which were listened to with
profound attention. Her information had
been culled from many sources Gesenlus,
who in the early years of the 19th cen
tury Inaugurated a new era in this branch
of study; Bishop Lowth, Bishop Jebb. and
Professor R. J. Moulton, of the University
of Chicago, and was thus an epitome of
all that modern literary research has giv
en to the world. Epic poetry, she said,
was never a national form of expression
among the Israelites. Even dramatic poet
ry was but vaguely attempted by them.
Hebrew poetry is essentially personal,
subjective, and hence may be classified as
lyric and gnomic two forms that some
times dove-tail into each other. Rhythm
was always present, but no meter in the
strict sense of the word. The couplet was
especially popular with them, the second
line either repeating or reinforcing the
thought of the first line. There was also
a strongly marked parallelism between
two clauses of. approximately the same
length, the second clause answering or
completing the thought of the first There
were three varieties of this .parallelism
synonymous; antithetic, and synthetic, or
constructive. These were explained in
detail, and Illustrated by passages from
the Old Testament, after which Mrs. Alt
man dwelt at length upon the "Song of
Songs," bringing out new features that
her listeners had never before guessed,
and explaining those that were familiar,
till the whole beauty of the poem lay re
vealed in all its wonderful richness and
tender, poetic grace.
It is pastoral, Idyllic, filled with pictur
esque Imagery, gathered from the life of
the shepherd and the flowery meads on
which he feeds his flock. The poem was
explained upon the theory which is Re
garded most tenable by Professor Moul
ton, viz., that it Is a dialogue between
two lovers, a shepherd and his bride, a
beautiful Shulammltlsh maiden, tho shep-
herd being King Solomon, who ha3 won
her love by assuming this disguise. These
are seven idyls, separated by refrains.
The first of these pictures tho wedding
day in the royal palace, the procession of
bridesmaids, the ceremony of lifting the
brido across the threshold, the apologies
of the bride for her country airs, and the
confidences that follow between Solomon,
and his wife. The second idyll consists
of the bride's reminiscences of the court
ship in the vineyards and fields. Next
is described the day of betrothal when
tho King visited her In royal state and
formally Invited her to leave her rugged
Lebanon forever to take up her abode
with him In the court of Kings. Follow
ing this comes the fourth idyll, which tells
of a troubled dream, of the bride. In which
she loses her lover and wanders forth
to find him. The fifth song- is an impas
sioned description of the bride, spoken
by Solomon himself, and contains a refer
ence to their first meeting in, the royal
vineyards on Mount Lebanon. This is
succeeded by an idyll in which the bride
appeals to her husband to take her back
to visit her simple pastoral home. And in
the seventh and last song Solomon re
sponds to her request. Together they
Journey to the pleasant pasture lands,
where their dream of Idyllic love is con
tinued amid the same surroundings as
when he had courted her In the guise of a
3. First Lieutenant D. T. Bulger,
4. Second Lieutenant Emlle Strupler,
simple shepherd lover. This poem of pure
conjugal love ends with the return to the
Mrs. Altman's second lecture will take
place next Tuesday, at 3:30, the subject
DAILY CITY STATISTICS.
Real Eitnte Transfers.
George H. Palethorp to Adella Pale
thorp. W. lots 1, 2, 3, 4, block 15,
Mt. Tabor Villa, subject to mort
gage of $400; February 24 $ , 1
L. L. Hawkins, trustee, to Tho Ains
worth National Bank, NW. 4 sec
tion 15, SE. section 33. SW. M
section 22, T. 1 N., R. 6 E.; July
7. 1S96 l
L. L. Hawkins, trustee, to same,
NW. 14 section 14. NW. section
23, T. 1 N., R. 6 E.; July 7, 1S06.... 1
Commonwealth Investment & Bank
ing Co. to The Ainsworth National
Bank,NW. block 49, Carter's Ad
dition, Portland, except 50x100 feet;
also lot 12. block 1; lots 2. 11. 12,
block 2: lots 7. 13, block 4: lots 11. -14.
block 5; lots 3, 6, 7, 8, block 6;
lots 2, 3. block 7; lots 6, , block
8: lots 2, 3, 13. block 9; lots 9. 10,
block 10: lot 4. block 11: lots 5, 12,
14. 16. block 13; lots 1, 11. 12, block
14; lot 7. block 15: lot 16, block 16;
lots 6, 12, 13. block 17; lot 3. block
18; lot 2. block 19; lot 2. block 21;
lot 13. block 22, Lincoln" Park; June
2, 1899 16,950
M. C. Dammeler to George A. and
Harriet H. Beans, tract of land be
ginning at lot 3, block 5, Buckman's
Addition; December 26. 1893 25
Thomas C- Devlin to Jas. R. Morse.
20 feet of lot 6, and S. 21 feet of
lot 7, block 4; Brush's Addition;
February 20 1,000
Edward Rhorer and wife to Sarah A.
Watson, lot 4, block 10, Ports
mouth: March 3 1
H. A. Heppner et al. to George F.
Benson. W. 4 of S. of lot 10,
block 22, Alblna; March 5 1,000
Leila A. DIlz to E. A. Rullfson,
lots 17. 18, 19. 20, block 4, Mans
field; February 8 1
Adam Fleckenstein and wife to Geo.
Fleckensteln. parcel land, Colum
bia Slough: March 6 , 1
Georgo E. Quiggle to Adam Flecken
steln and wife, lot 11, block 4,
Scoffln's Addition: February 17.... 400
Mrs. A. L. Davis, one and one-half
story dwelling. Mead street, between First
and Second: $1500.
Plumbing: Inspector' "Work.
The report of M. P. Fleming, plumbing
Inspector, shows the following work done
during the month of February, 1S00: New
buildings inspected, 17; old buildings In
spected with now fixtures, 43; cesspools
connected, 5; sewers connected, 24; writ
ten notices served, 11; special permits is
sued, 0; total number of licensed plumbers,
40; reports of defective plumbing, 9; plumb
ing remodeled on notice, 15; total number
of visits for month. 417.
March 5 Leonard Fransen. aged 1 year
5 months, 735 Raleigh street; pneumonia.
March 3 Llewellyn E. Thomas, aged 29
years, 1216 East Yamhill street; typhoid
March 4 Infant daughter of Jacob and
Eliza Loslie, aged 1 day, 733 Corbett street;
March 3 Lucy Z. Stoddard, aged 53
years, Waverly Addition; Bright's dis
ease. Contagions Disease.
Hans Wahlberg. aged li years, 93 North
Sixteenth street; scarletina.
March 2-rGIrl. to the wife of S. J. Mc
Connick, 266 Fourteenth street.
If Baby In Cnttlnjr Teeth,
B sure and use that old and well-tried remedy.
Mrs. Window's Soothing- Syrup, for children
teething. It soothe the child, softens the cums,
tll&ys &11 pain, cures wind colic and diarrhoea.
Do. not purge or weaken the bowels, but
act specially on the liver and bile. A per
fect liver correcter. Carter's Little Liver
WHAT STOCKMEN WAN!
ACTION OF ASSOCIATION RESPECT
ING LEASE OF RANGE.
Proposition to Lease Said to Be
Opposed liy the Corporations
and the Capitalists.
DENVER, Colo., March 3. Owing to the
unnecessary excitement prevailing- in some
sections over the action of the National
Livestock Association at the third annual
convention in Forth Worth, Tex., in re
lation to tho leasing of the public lands
of tho United States, the following official
statement is made of said action for the
information of the public
The land-leasing question came up in
the ehapo of the following resolution:
"Resolved, That such of the public lands
of the United States as are adapted for
grazing, should be subject to lease by
stockmen who are citizens, at a reasonaDlo
rental and under such conditions as will
tend to preserve the grasses from destruc
tion and Improve the value of the grasses
This resolution - was presented to the
convention, and the following substitute
"Resolved, That it is the sense of thla
convention that the public lands of the
United States adapted for grazing, shall
not bo subject to lease."
The subject went to debate on a motion
to adopt the substitute. The discussion
was full and complete, every opportunity
being given the adherents of both sides of
the question to discuss It freely. Those In
favor of leasing and against the substitute
argued that the time had come when the
question must bo met. Attention was
called to the bills pending In Congress,
none of which were satisfactory to the
stockmen, and none of which were in
dorsed In any way. It was argued that
Administration officers had called atten
tion to the fact that under present condi
tions, the grass on the ranges was rapidly
disappearing; that it tcok twice as many
acres to support an animal now a3 were
required 10 years ago, and that unless
some step was taken soon to Improve the
condition of the range, the time was not
far distant when nothing but desert would
be left. Backed by this argument, cor
poration influence was at work to secure
tho passage of a law that would make the
range subject to lease with practically
no restrictions or safeguards for the pro
tection of the small stockman and home
steader. It was pointed out that the ar
gument was largely In favor of a change
from present conditions and that under
proper restrictions, the leasing plan
seemed to offer the most favorable oppor
tunities for the small stockman. It was
argued that should the convention simply
decide against the proposition without ar
gument, it would leavo tho field open to
the unscrupulous to push their measure)
and receive Administration support. It
was urged that the better plan would be
to declare In favor of leasing, appoint a
committee to prepare a bill to meet the
Ideas of the stockmen, and In the mean
while take steps to head off all legislation
until the proposed measure of the stock
men could be agreed upon.
Delegates representing sheep associa
tions were almost unanimously opposed to
making any change, and they argued In
favor of the substitute resolution. They
pointed out that much of the grazing lands
In the country west of the Rockies was
unfit for anything but sheep grazing, and
as tho sheep men used both winter and
summer range, they could not afford to
pay rental upon the large areas they
would need for their flocks. The sheep
men alf o pointed out the danger that might
come from speculators who would lease
largo areas for the simple purpose of
compelling the shoep mnn to pay them a
profit on the Investment to secure grazing
privileges. Some attempt was also made
to show that the rights of the homesteader
would become endangered, and that the
corporation and capitalist would eventually
prevail over the smaller stockman, and the
range Industry pass into the hands of
corporate capital. However, all sides
agreed that the small stockman and home
steader must be fully protected, so thla
argument had little weight.
How the Vote Stood.
After much discussion, the debate was
closed by a motion from Hon. J. C. Mac
kay, of Utah, and one of the leaders of
the anti-leaslng party, demanding the pre
vious question, which carried, and the roll
call waa had on the substitute resolution,
resulting as follows:
Ayes Custer County, Colorado, Cattle
growers, 2; Utah Woolgrowers, 50; Cattlo
Sanitary Board, New Mexico, 3; Fort Col
lins, Colorado, Sheep Feeders, 11; Uintah
Woolgrowers, Wyoming. 10; Grand and
Eagle River Stockgrowers, Colorado, 5;
Sheep and Woolgrowers' Association, Ida
ho, SI; Black Range Association. New
Mexico, 4; Western Nebraska Stockgrow
ers, 3; Logan County, Colorado. Cattlo
and Horso Association, 2; Gunnison Coun
ty, Colorado, Stockgrowers, 1: Yuma Coun
ty, Colorado, Cattle Growers, 2; Rio
Grande Western Railway, 1; Sheep Sani
tary Board, New Mexico, 3; Board Sheep
Commissioners, Wyoming, 3; Pacific
Northwest Woolgrowers. Oregon, 8; Fre
mont County. Colorado, Cattle Growers, 2;
Oneida Woolgrowers. Idaho, 7; Saguache
County, Colorado, Woolgrowers, 3; South
Omaha Livestock Exchange, 5: State and
County delegates. 21 total. 227.
Noes Colorado Cattle Growers. 10: South
Omaha Livestock Exchange, 5: American
Feeders and Breeders, Minnesota, 1; Lari
mer County. Colorado. Stockgrowers, 5;
Texas Cattlo Raiserrf Associations, 150;
Arizona Sanitary Board, 3: Saguache
Stockgrowers, Colorado. 2: Kern County
Cattle Growers, California, 8; Western
South Dakota Stockgrowers, 20: St. Joseph
Livestock Exchange, 6: St. Joseph Stock
Yards Company, 1; Southern Colorado
Cattle Growers. 10: American Hereford
Cattle Breeders' Association, Missouri, 2;
State Veterinary Board, Colorado, 3;
American Short Horn Breeders' Associa
tion, Illinois. 16; Roaring Fork and Eagle
River Association, Colorado, 5: Cattle and
Horso Association, District No. 9, Colo
rado. 2; Elko County Cattlo Association.
Nevada, 8; American Galloway Breeders
Association, Missouri. 3: North Fork Val
ley Cattle Growers, Colorado, 8: Park
County Cattle Growers, Colorado, 2; San
Luis Valley Cattlo and Horse Association,
Colorado, 4: Kansas City Livestock Ex
change, Mtaaourl, 14: Weld Countv Live
stock Association, Colorado, 9; Western
Nebraska Stockgrowers. 2; Cincinnati
Union Stock Yards. .Ohio, 1: American
Shropshire Association, Indiana, 6: Crystal
River Railway Company, 1: National As
sociation of Exhibitors of Livestock, New
York. 1: Northern -Wyoming Woolgrowers,
1: Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce, Ohio,
2: state and county delegates, 20; total,
Present and not voting South Omaha
Stock Yards Company, Nebraska, 1; Kan
sas City Stock Yards Companv. Missouri,
1: Denver, Colorado, Union Stock Yards
Company, 1; Pueblo Union Stock Yards
Company, Colorado. 1: Forth Worth Stock
Yard3 Company, Texas. 1: Sioux City,
Iown. Livestock Exchange. 2: Union Stock
Yards Company, Chicago, Illinois, 1: Texas
Livestock Association. 10: Chamber of
Commerce. Denver.. Colorado, 5; Colorado
Midland Railway Company, Colorado. 1;
Colorado & Southern Railway Company,
1; Oregon Short Line Railway Company,
1; Chamber of Commerce. Cheyenne. Wyo
ming, 3: Fremont. Elkhorn & Missouri
Valley Railway Company, Omaha, 1: Cin
cinnati Livestock Exchange. Ohio. 3; Chi
cago & Northwestern Railway Company,
Illinois. 1: Chicago Livestock Exchange,
Illinois. 28: Union Pacific Railway Com
pany. 1 total. 44.
Upon this result being announced, the
original resolution was adopted without
Committer to Prepare Bill.
It being generally understood from the
discussion that the association should pre
pare a bill that would meet -the objections
of the anti-leasers, on motion, the presi
dent was instructed to appoint a commit
tee, consisting of ono member from each
otato. and territory wherein there were
public grazing lands, for the purpose of
preparing a bill that would be satisfactory
to the stockmen as a whole. Accordingly,
the president later appointed the following
Hon. Jesse G.,Northcut, Trinidad, Colo
rado, chairman; Hon. Jesse M. Smith,
Layton, Utah; E. P. Snow, Cheyenne,
Wyoming; Hon. Charles O. Stockslager,
Halley. Idaho; Mr. Paul McCormick, Bil
lings, Montana: Mr. A. N. Jefferies, Dick
inson. North Dakota; Hon. C. L. Wood,
Rapid City, South Dakota; Hon. Solomon
Luna, Los Lunas, New Mexico; Mr. E. 8.
Gosney, Flagstaff, Arizona; Mr. J. B.
Blake, Pendleton, Oregon: Hon. Sidney
Clarke, Oklahoma City. Oklahoma: Mr.
R. M. Lyon. San Francisco, California;
Mr. James Mcintosh, Sidney, Nebraska;
Mr. T. M Potter, Peabody. Kansas; Dr. J.
E. Stubbes, Reno, Nevada; Mr. W. P. Re
ser. Walla Walla, Washington.
Thla committee Is already at work, and
later, when it shall have agreed upon a
measure. It will be presented to the stock
men of the West for approval and amend
ment. When finally agreed upon, it will
bo presented to Congress. In the mean
while tho association has received assur
ances that none of the measures now pend
ing, and which are not satisfactory to the
stockmen as a whole, will be pushed, and
that any measure the stockmen may
agree upon will receive attention at the
hands of Congress.
As the matter now stands, the National
Livestock Association has simply declared
In favor of leasing tho public grazing
lands under such restrictions as will pro
tect the actual settler and homesteader,
and a committee has been appointed to see
if it is possible to prepare such a measure.
Until this committee shall have acted,
there Is nothing1 for the stockmen to con
sider, and it Is understood that all pending
bills aro for the time laid aside awaiting
action by the stockmen. Tho National As
sociation, In convention, declared emphat
ically that the small stockman and home
steader should first be protected, and un
less a measure can be prepared that will
accomplish that purpose, the National As
sociation will not support It.
It may be cold, in conclusion, that ob
servation from tho headquarters of this
association shows almost every corpora
tion and syndicate to be outspoken In con
demning any leasing proposition, insisting
that they will never pay one cent to the
Government for grazing their stock on
public lands. So all the hue and cry
about this being a corporation measure Is
absolutely without any foundation in fact.
CHARLES F. MARTIN. Secretary.
GOLD STANDARD IN JAPAN.
of Colnasre Reform
WASHINGTON. March 6. "Report on
tho Adoption of the Go!d Standard in
Japan, by Count Matsukata Masayoshi,
H. I. J, M.'s Minister of State for Fi
nance," is the title of a volume Issued by
tho Japanese government, which has just
reached the Treasury Bureau of Statistics.
It discusses in great detail the history
of the currency of Japan and closes with
a chapter entitled, "Effect of Coinage Re
form Upon the Economic Condition of Our
Country." In this chapter the writer,
Count Matsukata, discussing the effect of
tho new law, which went into operation
October 1, 1897, says:
"Since the adoption of the gold stand
ard, our currency has Teen freed from
constant fluctuations In Its exchange rate,
to which it was subject before. Owing
to this latter fact, moreover, tho relations
between the claims of the creditors and
liabilities of the debtor became less sub
ject to sudden and unexpected changes;
business transactions were made safe; an
Improvement in credit took place in thu
community at large; prices became more
constant. In a word, the way was now
opened for the steady and orderly growth
of our commerce and Industry.
"Leaving out of account in this section
the questions concerning the effect of the
coinage reform on the foreign trade of the
country, it can bo very clearly seen that
since October, 1897, the prices of commo
dities have kept comparatively even; that
while there have been some changes, yet,
when compared with the sudden and great
changes which used to occur formerly, we
must say that the fluctuations were re
markably small. Besides, these small
changes in the price of commodities can
be amply explained by referring to the
partial failure of rice crops, to the sudden
expansion of Industry and then to Its aa
sudden depression, to a stringency In the
money market, as well as to some other
causes. These changes In the price of
commodities were due, therefore, to the
natural working of the economic law of
supply and demand In the commodities
themselves. If we notice the fact, more
over, that the amount of checks and bills
cleared at the clearing-houses In Tokio
and Osaka has remarkably Increased dur
ing these recent months, notwithstanding
the fact that during this very time there
prevailed much business stagnation every
where, we cannot but conclude that busi
ness transactions on credit have come to
prevail more widely and freely than be
fore, "The beneficial result of the coinage re
form is seen in another direction. Since
now that the capitalists of the gold-standard
countries have become assured that
they will no longer be In constant danger
of suffering unexpected losses from in
vestments made in this country, on ac
count of fluctuations In the price of silver,
they seem to show a growing tendency to
make such Investments at low rates of
interest. This tendency. If encouraged,
will doubtless bring about a closer con
nection between this country and the
central money markets of the world a
stato of things which I believe we shall
be able to see realized more and more
fully as years go on.
"So far as our trade with gold-standard
countries is concerned, our adoption of
the gold standard, which made us use
the same standard of value as those
countries, has proved to be a source of
great benefit. This may be inferred from
the fact that changes which have since
taken place In the rate of foreign ex
change have been but very slight, and
these all traceable to changes in the con
dition of the foreign trade of the country,
and not all traceable, as formerly, to
sudden changes In the price of silver.
For this reason there was eliminated from
our foreign trade much of that speculative
element which was caused by constant
changes in the value of our currency; so
that the way was at last opened for the
steady and natural development of the
foreign trade of tho country. Again, con
cerning our commerce with silver-standard
countries, contrary to the gloomy pros
pects Indulged In by some critics, our
trado with those countries has not ceased
to make a steady growth, and this in the
face of certain events occurring In the
Interior of China, our greatest customer
among the silver countries events, such
as natural calamities and disturbances
which have greatly hindered the commer
cial activity of that country.
"Since our coinage reform enabled us to
avoid all the evil effects of fluctuations
in the price of silver, we stand now no
longer, as formerly was the case, under
the necessity of making plans for finan
cial matters with the currency constantly
changing in value, and sometimes suffer
ing unexpected losses and evils in times
when those fluctuations are unusually vio
lent. All those fears of miscalculation
and losses have now beqome things of the
past. Most particularly in the last few
years, when National expenditures for
things bought abroad, such as warships,
etc., have greatly Increased in amount,
we have doubtless been able to avoid, on
account of our coinage reform, great
losses on the part of the National Treas
ury. Besides, since our adoption of the
gold standard, our Government bonds have
been sold In no small amount in the Eu
ropean markets, so that their names ap
pear regularly in the price list of the
London Stock Exchange. This fact at
once converted our bonds Into an inter
national commodity, ind will no doubt
lead to a closer relationship between our
home and the foreign money markets."
The discussion also quotes a renort of
tho higher commission, on agriculture,
commerce and industry, which, after an
and Lydia E. Pinkham'm
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Read the letters from
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elaborate discussion of the effect of tho
monetary system, closes by saying: "We
believe that the beneficial effect of our
coinage reform on our foreign trade has
already been great, and we do not notice
any material evil in connection with It.
Besides, our adoption of ttie gold stand
ard has made it easier for our country
to enter into tho economic community of
the world at large, so that henceforth It
will become practicable for us to invite
capital from other countries, where it
is plentiful, to be Invested In our country.
This will doubtless be another of the ben
efits conferred upon the country by our
coinage reform. We conclude, therefore,
that the effect of the coinage reform upon
our foreign trade has been beneficial,
without a trace of evil."
Tapper Snys England Wants Inter
NEW YORK. March 6. A special to tha
Evening Post, from Boston, says:
Sir Charles Tupper, ex-Premier of Can
ada, who is making a brief visit in this
city, was asked what the prospects were
for a satisfactory settlement of the Alas
kan boundary and other disputed ques
tions between Canada and the United
States. He said:
"Great Britain and Canada have asked
tho United States Government to consent
to a settlement of the differences accord
ing to the Russian treaty of 1325, and wo
have asked your Government to refer tho
wholo matter to International arbitration
to decide where tho boundary lino Is;
Canada asks nothing. I suppose it will'
bo settled on the same general lines as
tho Maine-Canada boundary line was ad
Justed and the same as that In British
Columbia when we got tho worst of it,
but it. was tho only way to solvo tha
The Sultan of Sula.
"(Jo right ahead without me," said the Sultan,
with a tear.
"Fix up what government you will; I'll never
I haven't any time to mingle in such email
Domctrtlc complications leave me overwhelmed
For the harem's in a flurry,
And they're talking: woman's rights;
I'm in such a state of worry
That I cannot sleep o' nights.
"So leave me unmolested as a theme of harm
You'll hear no Mormon precepts from my cor
ner or the earth.
If you want to help your country you mua
do it all alone.
I can't be patriotic. I have troubles of my own.
There are many men who borrow
Trouble In this world of trtrife.
But for undiluted sorrow
Xothini? beats a Sultan's life."
Fit the Food to the Physical TaslC,
Ladles' Home Journal.
Feats of strength require a diet In ac
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longed or otherwise. If you want to per
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cycling, lifting, or accomplishing any un
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you want to take a great amount of
steady exercise dally, or perform a great
amount of uniformly heavy work every
day, but at no time of a very intense
character, you should partake of a diet
containing little protelne. but rich In car
bohydratesthat Is, starches and fats.
First Montana Lady Do you call on the
Second Montana Lady I should say not.
Why, Mr. Gettlt has never been offered
more than S1C00 for his vote.
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