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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. XL. NO. 12,242.
PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY, MARCH 8, 1900.
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More cases of cataract are caused
by forcing the eye to work without
glasses, when needed, than from all
other causes combined. Overwork
of the lens and muscles of the eyes
causes them to lose their life and
elasticity. Cataract is a swelling,
hardening and final opacity of tho
lens. The only cure Is a delicate
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mal health and tone.
Glasses worn In time strengthen
and preserve the eyes.
133 SECTH STREET
TURNED BOER RIGHT
Roberts Cleared the Trenches
in Front of Him.
CASUALTIES WERE ONLY FIFTY
British Force "Was Overwhelmingly
Superior The Queen Proposes
to "Visit Ireland.
LONDON, March 8, E A. M. Lord- Rob
erta wired: yesterday morning from Osfon
tcin and in the evening from Poplar
Grovo, 14 miles eastward. By an applica
tion of -the elementary principles of strat
egy, the Boer positions, 15 miles long,
across his path havo been emptied, and
their holders have been obliged to retire
in confusion. Nothing was done by Lord
Roberts to disturb the symmetry, the
deadly ingenuity, of the Boer trenches In
front of him. He marched out Infantry
estimated, from the commands named, at
30,000 men, and sent 10,000 horsemen and
horse artillery In a bold sweep around tho
Boer left, whereupon the Boer center and
rlgnt became untenable. Fifty British fell
when the cavalry camo In contact with
The correspondents differ as to the en
emy's strength. Tho Daily Mail's corre
spondent thinks tho Boers number some
thing moro than 4000. The Daily News
man estimates them at 10,000. As these
figures come from observers at headquar
ters. It is clear that Lord Roberts' force
was overwhelmingly superior. He can
scarcely havo fewer than 45,000 immedi
ately available, as the Guards brigade
reached him from Lord Methuen Tues
day. Lord Methuen now commands only
volunteers and the local forces at Kim
berlcy, some of whom have gone toward
The Boers do not yet appear to appre
dato the mobility of Lord Roberts' corps,
which was able to strike so swiftly in
this affair that the enemy had to abandon
a gun, much forage and a large quantity
of camp equipment.
The Standard cautions Englishmen
against "rising to a height of serene con
tentment, which the actual position does
not Justify," and thus measures tho sit
"A large number of the Boers are still
In the field. They have a wide range of
country over which they can operate. Al
though their morale Is somewhat dam
aged. It would be too much to say that
they will not stand again. Indeed, what
wo want them to do Is to stand again, for
it is only in a real, stand-up fight that we
can inflict those losses which would event
ually lead the defeated to sue for peace.
Lord Roberts has gained a success, but it
must not be regarded as a signal victory
until we know what damage has been in
flicted and what prisoners have been
The Dutch risings in the Northwestern
districts of Cape Colony are the only cloud
visible in the sky of British prospects.
Tho military authorities" have decided
ithat General Cronjo and the othor Boer
prisoners shall be sent immediately to tho
Island of St. Helena, there to remain until
the end. of the war.
Lord Roberts has" chosan Lord Bath
urst. Colonel of a militia regiment at the
front, to command the escort to St.
Helena, whiii was last month, placed In
cable communication with Cape Town and
London. It is aiso asserted that the cab
inet has resolved neither to propose nor
to entertain a proposal at the present
Juncture for an exchange of prisoners.
BOER POSITION TURNED.
Roberts in Pursuit of the Retreating
OSFONTEIN, March 7. Lord Roberts
force attacked early this morning. Gen
eral French turned the southern part of
tho position of the Boers, who fled, leav
ing a gun and a large quantity of forage
and their tents. He Is now In pursuit.
The Boers on the north bank are also
evacuating the position.
Lord Roberts' Dispatch.
LONDON, March 7, midnight. Tho War
Office has Just posted the foMowing ad
vices from Lord Roberts:
"Poplar Grove, March 7, evening. We
had a very successful day, and have com
pletely routed the enemy, who are In full
retreat. Tho position which they occupy
13 extremely strong, and cunningly ar
ranged, with a second line of Intrench
meats, which would have caused us heavy
losses had a direct attack been made.
Tho turning movement was necessarily
difficult, owing to the nature of the
ground, and tho cavalry and artillery
horse aro much done up.
"Tho fighting was practically confined
to the cavalry division, which, as usual,
did exceedingly well, and General French
reports that the horse artillery batteries
did great execution among the enemy.
"Our casualties are about 50. I regret
to say that Lieutenant Keswick was killed
and Lieutenant Bailey was severely
wounded, both of the Twelfth Lancers.
Lieutenant de Cresplgny, of the Second
Life Guards, was severely wounded. The
remaining casualties will be tolegraphed
'Generals E. Dewet and De Larey com
manded the Boer forces."
GALA DAY IN LONDON.
Queen Will Visit the Metropolis To
day. LONDON, March 7. At no other time
since the diamond Jubilee has the Queen
been so conspicuous an object in the pub
lic mind as she Is tonight. This promises
to be even more strikingly the case to
morrow. Her Majesty's visit to London
for a drive in semi-state from Padding
ton station to Buckingham, palace would
be sufficient in itself to create great pub
lic manifestations of loyalty, but the an
nouncement this evening that, for the
first tlmo since tho Jubilee, she will to
morrow drive from Buckingham palace
along the embankment to St. Paul's Ca
thedral, and back through Holbom and
Piccadilly to St. James, synchronizing
with tho new success of Lord Roberts,
is bound to make tomorrow a gala day
In tho annals of London. Beyond all this
la the announcement of the Queen's In
tention to visit Ireland, for the first time,
it is said, since the death of the Prince
Consort. This Is regarded as one of tho
most remarkable acts of the Queen's life.
No minister of the crown has over dared
to suggest such a remarkable undertak
ing. "The trip," said a well-informed official
this evening, "Is the spontaneous sugges
tion of the Queen alone, and the enthusi
asm It Is bound to create, when known
in London tomorrow, can scarcely be es
timated. It ie a wonderful proof of Her
Majesty's Intense devotion to her people,
and her sacrifice in making the trip at
such a season of the year is renewed evi
dence of the keenness of her mind in se
lecting the proper act at the proper time."
The Queen "Will Visit Ireland.
LONDON. March ".It has been decided
that Queen Victoria will visit IreiUnd next
month, staying at the viceregal lodge In
Dublin, which has been placed at her
disposal by" the Viceroy, Earl Cadogan.
An Army order Issued: tonight announces
that the Queen has ordered that in fu
ture on St. Patrick's day all ranks of
her Irish regiments shall -wear as a dis
tinction a sprig of shamrock In their
head-dress, to commemorate the gallantry
of her Irish soldiers in the recent battles
In South Africa.
PRESIDENT STEYN'S PREDICTION.
Capture of Pretoria Will Be at a
Cost That "Will Surprise Europe.
LONDON, March 8. A. G. Hales, the
correspondent of the Dslly News, who
was captured by the Boers February 9 and
released a few days ago, at Bloemfontcin,
telegraphing from Sterkstrom, Tuesday,
"While I was a prisoner at Bloemfonteln
I had an interesting interview with Presi
He said the burghers were
determined to fight to the last man, and
that the struggle in the Free State would
be child's play compared with what would
follow In the Transvaal. President bteyn
predicted that the capitulation of Pretoria
would be preceded by events which would
astonish Europe. He appointed a Deputy
President to remain at Bloemfonteln dur
ing his absence at Pretoria In the inter
ests of the Free State.
A correspondent of the Morning Post
at Osf onteln, telegraphing Tuesday, March
"The agitation by the peace party in
England and the hope that the Conser
vative Government may be defeated, are
neutralizing the effect of the British vic
tories because they encourage the Boers
to persist in the struggle." ,,,, 7, -t orreur
A dispatch to the Times from Osfon- i u"1 the middle, of January. He did not
tein. dated March 6. says: ', " to cuss his reasons for leaving the
"A commando of 3000 Boers has offered 5""?' . After a brief stay in this city,
to surrender, but on Impossible terms. General Wheeler will go to Washington to
General Cronje's losses were greater than , take his seat In Congress,
he admitted. Sixty bodies of Boers have "I have a letter saying that an effort
been found In one grave." J ll D0 made to keep me from taking my
Winston Churchill telegraphs the sub- ! seat," said the General, "but I do not see
stance of an Interview he has had with why such an effort should succeed. The
Sir George White, who commanded tho objection Is that I was not on hand to be
Ladysmith garrison. General White said sworn In. and It la stated that I was hold
he might have held out until April 2, but lng another position that militates against
this would havo involved the death of my right to be elected. I shall go to
most of the native population by starva- .
tion and of the sick from want of nour
ishment. Then he would have destroyed
the stores and ammunition, and all who
were fit to crawl five miles would have
sallied forth to make a show of resistance
and to avoid formal capitulation. He de
clared that he had always begged General
Buller not to hurry the relief operations,
adding, earnestly: "It Is not right to
charge me with the great loss of life they
Involved." Mr. Churchill says General
White spoke bitterly of home criticisms
and of attempt at the War Office to su
persede him, attempto which General Bul
ler prevented from succeeding. In conclu
sion he exclaimed:
"I regret Nicholson's Xek. Perhaps It
was rash, but It was the only chance of
striking a heavy blow. But I regret noth
ing else. I would do It all over again."
The Times publishes tho following dis
patch from Lourenco Marques, dated Mon
day. March 5:
"President Kruger's precipitate Journey
to Natal was due to General Joubert's ur
gent representations that the operations of
Lord Roberts had so alarmed the Free
staters tnat tney naa Decomesuncontron- iseuva caceres:
able. There Is every Indication of chaos "Ho Ho, March 7. Marietta, Green com
and -demoralization in th .. burgher ranks. ' mandfog, convoyed and landed Bates' ex
The Boer losses In Natal fionf Tuesday ' tjtxKtlon in San Mlaruel Eav. Februarv 20.
to Friday last week were 52 killed and 208
4 . . aaa
wounded. The Free State Raad has been
summoned to meet In April.-"
A dispatch to tho Times from Modder
River, dated yesterday, says:
"Tho Boers occupy an extensive posi
tion between ourselves and both Bloem
fonteln and Wlnburg. They include the
bulk of the Natal forces, and are under
General Joubert himself. Only sufficient
men have been left behind to hold Van
Reenan's Pass and Lafng's Nek. Exten
sive desertions are reported during the
trek. An engagement is Imminent, which
probably will be decisive as to the whole
STUDENTS NOT FOR PEACH.
Broke Up a "Stop-the-YVarM Meeting
EDINBURGH, March 7. A "stop-the-war"
meeting, admission to which was
regulated by ticket, was held in this city
this evening. Long before the hour fixed,
university students secured possession of
the hall. It is alleged that several hun
dred gained entrance by counterfeit tick
ets, and the audience was so unruly that
the doors were barricaded inside and out
side. James Kelr-Hardie, chairman of th
Independent Labor party and editor of
the Labor Leader, endeavored to speak,
but all to no purpose. Finally he an
nounced that the principal speaker, Mr.
Cronwrlght-Schreiner, was outside. The
meeting was thereupon abandoned by the
prorauiera unci u. itush was maoe lor me
platform. The police used their batom
and a free fight ensued. Numerdus ar
rests were made. A gentleman whoso
Identity has not been established was
severely handled outside the hall by tht
crowd, under the Impression that he was
Mr. Cronwrlght-Schreiner. He fainted,
fell and was trampled upon. Ultimate
ly he was rescued Insensible by the po
lice. The students finished the anti-peace
demonstration by parading through the
PEACE MOVEMENT AT THE OAFB.
Deputation of Dutch "Will Probably
CAPE TOWN, March 7. A great move
ment Is In progress among the Cape
Dutch to obtain a settlement of the South
African question consistent with the
maintenance of the Independence of the
Republics. It Is doubtless argued that the
Dutch, having remained loyal, are entitled
to a hearing at the settlement. The ar
gument would have more force If the
Dutch had not risen in every district
where there was a reasonable chance of
success, and it is certain the whole British
community and the actively loyal Dutch
are opposed to any settlement short of
annexation. A proposal has been made
by a deputation of the Dutch party to
visit England shortly In the Interest of
The remainder of tho Canadian artillery
has gone to the front. Squadrons A and
B, of Kitchener's Horse, that were re
ported missing, have returned to camp.
They were cut off with Squadron E, Feb
ruary 13. but they escaped, although they
lost their way afterward on the veldt.
Squadron E are prisoners at Pretoria.
Healy's- Amendment to Loan Bill.
LONDON, March 7. In the House of
Commons today, on the passage of the
first reading of the loan bill of 33,000.
003, Timothy Healy gave notice that he
would move an amendment at the second
reading of the bill extending th meas
ure so that all self-governing colonies
"who were so keen in the contribution of
men would also bear the burden of th
Krngcr Returns to Pretoria.
GLENCOE, Natal, Saturday, March 3.
Presldcnt Kruger has returned to Pre
toria. His address to the burghers ha
fired them with fresh enthusiasm to keep
up tno fight for independence and bring
J tho war to a successful keue.
BACK TO CONGRESS
Genera! Wheeler Expects to Be
Permitted to Take His Seat.
HE WILL ASK TO BE SWORN IN
Resigned from the Army Before Con
gress Met Conditions in
Guam and Luzon.
SAN FRANCISCO, March 7. General
Joseph Wheeler and party, who have been
in Quarantine since their arrival from the
Philippines on the transport Warren last
Monday, were permitted to land tonight,
When seen by an Associated Press repre-
-entatlve. General Wheeler said that his
health was excellent, and that his trip
to the Philippines had, if anything, bene
fited him physically. He said:
"I had a very Interesting visit to Guam.
It is a beautiful Island. I rode over a
great deal of It, traversing Us length and
crosslnff It three Umes T vIsItcd th5
towns, and was much pleased with the
people. Their hospitality and apparent
desire to express good feeling toward the
Americans was very gratifying."
Speaking of his resignation from the
army. General Wheeler said he resigned
Washington, having resigned from the
army, and. with a proper certificate of
election, expect to be sworn in. It will
be noted that my resignation from the
army was handed in before Congress
As to the situation in tho Philippines and
Guam, he saidr
"All is very satisfactory In both places.
The war Ik rvr. Yrrt- fnr thp. wnrlf nf
thejruerrilla bands that ambush our troon
nd ., mt. ,rarnatrn t., w. t
left, I heard of a case in which one Amer
ican soldier was killed and several wound
ed. This condition of things will not last
long, I think."
THE NAVY'S ASSISTANCE.
Co-Operated With, Bates in Southern
WASHINGTON, March 7. The Navy
Department has received the following
cablegram frcon Admiral Watson, telling
of the part taken by tho Navy in tho
expedition to tho Southern orovlnees of
j Luzon, which terminated in the capture of
I" .... -.
Paraguay, Althorae commanding. Joined
the expedition the 21st, entered Blcolo
River and gave great assistance; first to
reach Nueva Caceres, tho objective point.
Green commends all officers and men.
Bates commends warmly the work dono
by tho Navy, joining Green in naming Alt
house and Ball especially.
"J. C. WATSON."
WASHINGTON, March 7. Quartermaster-General
Ludington has been informed
that the transport Sheridan left Manila
yesterday, and the transport Westmin
ster left there today, both bound for San
BOOM IN BANKING.
Two Thousand Charters May Be Ap
plied Xor Under the New Low.
NEW YORK, March 7. Advices re
ceived by local banking interests to
day from small towns and villages
throughoftt the United States Indicate that
state banks in all sections of the coun
try are preparing to take out charters
under tho national system as soon as the
currency bill becomes a law. New York
banks are already making efforts to se
cure the business of these Institutions,
one bank in this city alone receiving to
day more than 20 Inquiries upon the sub
1-t- Onfi man from a. W"-.tern tmvn fnlrt
a bank officer that he expected to start
, t--ht hunks with a panltal of S25.Mn woh
Reports of similar preparations in other
sections of the country led to a prediction
by an officer of one of the best-known
banks that fully 2000 national charters
would be applied for after the existing re
strictions were modified.
The Evening Post says: "It was esti
mated today that any one with $00,000 cap
ital could start a national bank under the
new system. All that Is required Is
$25,000 In 2 per cent Government bonds,
which could be secured at ruling rates
for about $26,750. These, representing the
capital of the bank, could be sent to
Washington, and circulation for the full
amount of the capital Immediately taken
out. The organizer of the bank then has
only $1750 tied up in the enterprise, but
could take deposits In the regular way.
Whether the system can be properly safe
guarded under such requirements Is not
known, but the local bankers are watch
ing the experiment with great interest
and more or less concern."
HENRY C. PAYNE'S OPINION
Status of the Islands a Matter of Vital
MILWAUKEE, March 7. Henry C.
Payne, member of the Republican Na
tional Committee from Wisconsin, said
today In regard to his views on the subject
of a tariff for Puerto Rico:
"Looking to the future welfare of the
Republic, I consider It would be a ca
lamity to have the status of Puerto Rico,
Cuba or the Philippine Islands made such
as would give them later on rights which
would entitle them to admission as states
into the Union. The question should have
the most careful, thoughtful and states
manlike consideration. The bill pending
gives time for ample study of the ques
tion. Let us not make haste to settle ir
revocably a question which may be of
most vital importance to our people in the
"There Is no class of people so much in
terested as the working classes. If freo
trade Is established with the Islands they
will at once become competitors with al
most tho cheapest labor known In the
world. Is that condition desirable? Do
our working people desire full and unlim
ited competition with the masses of Puerto
Rica, Cuba and the Philippines? Calm,
dispassionate discussion of the question
Is now in order; a mistake may cost us
"The provisions of the bill are operative
but for two years, and In that time we
may realize better the problems before us.
The people who are to pay this slight tax.
levied for the benefit of the masses of the
people of Puerto Rico are practically the
sugar and tobacco trusts. It no tax at
all Is levied, they will be ablo to buy
these materials free of any tax, and the
sugar and tobacco-raisers In this country
will suffer by reason of this competition
with almost the cheapest labor known In
the world. In what more easy or equit
able manner can relief be given to the
people of Puerto Rico?"
SPLIT AT WACO.
Two Factions of Republicans Hold
WACO, Tex., March 7. The expected
split In the Republican convention of
Texas developed at the opening of the
second day's session of that body today.
Ever since the roll-call on the vote for
temporary chairman yesterday, when
William McDonald was declared elected
by State Chairman Green, of the executive
committee, it was apparent that two sets
of delegates would apply for 6eats in the
national convention at Philadelphia. A
secret caucus was held by the Ferguson
faction last night, at which it was decided
that Ferguson had been counted out un
fairly, and that they would not submit to
the installation of McDonald. McDonald
and several other leaders of the Green
faction also held a caucus last night to
elect the several committees and arrange
a platform. This was done, but the
names of the committees and the platform
were kept secret.
At the appointed hour thU morning the
Auditorium was filled to overflowing when
Chairman McDonald ascended the ros
trum and rapped for order. He announced
the appointment of the various commit
tees, and then Ferguson presented an af
fidavit by one of the secretaries appointed
by Chairman Green to keep a tally on the
vote for temporary chairman, that he
(Ferguson) was honestly elected chair
man of the convention by a vote of 449 to
McDonald's 420, and he desired a new elec
tion on tho ground of fraud. McDonald,
after a hasty consultation with members
of the executive committee, declared the
convention adjourned until 1 P. M.
Immediately after the McDonald con
vention adjourned, the Ferguson faction
was called to order by Henry Ferguson,
amid tumultuous applause. The conven
tion effected temporary organization.
Walter Burns, of Houston, was chosen
temporary chairman. The following dele-gates-at-larse
were elected: R. B. Haw
ley, of Galveston; E. H. R. Green, of Ter
rell; Henry Ferguson (colored), of Hous
ton, and George B. Jackson (colored), of
San Antonio. The platform adopted In
dorses the St. Louis platform as adopted
In 1SS6, and every act of the McKinley ad
ministration. A protest Is made against
"the usurpation of power by the chairman
of the state executive committee." After
the adoption of the platform, the conven
tion adjourned sine die.
Thirty minutes after the Ferguson con
vention adjourned the McDonald conven-
tion was called to order. The resolutions
adopted reaffirm the St. Louis platform
and indorse President McKinley and the
present administration. The delegates-at-large
to the National convention were:
E. H. R. Green, R. B. Hawley, William
McDonald and M. M. Rogers. The con
vention then adjourned sine die.
Democrats Pass the Railroad Anti
FRANKFORT, Ky., March 7. In the
Senate today Senator Trlplett offered a
substitute for his resolution to provide
for a committee to investigate the re
moval of munitions of war from the ar
senal to London. The substitute proposes
to appropriate $100,000 for the Immediate
equipment of State Guards under Demo
cratic Governor Beckham and Adjutant
General Castleman for the purpose of re
covering military property of the state
now in "unlawful possession of Repub
lican Governor Taylor."
The House passed the McChord railroad
antl-extortlon bill by a Tote of 56 to 42.
The bill authorizes the state railroad
commission to fix the maximum of freight
rates, and to punish for discrimination and
extortion. From a party standpoint its
passage was the carrying out of the prin
cipal planks in the platform on which
the late Democratic Governor Goebel was
nominated. The Republicans in a body
opposed the bill, and up to last night It
looked as If enough Democrats would bolt
the party lines to defeat the bill, but on
the final vote only two Representatives,
Klalr and Armstrong, voted with tho Re
publicans against It, and Henry and Orr,
Democrats, did not vote. That the bill
will be approved by Democratic Governor
Beckham, is conceded.
The Goebel assassin reward bill for
$100,000 became a law today, by the ap
proval of Democratic Governor Beckham.
The commissioners appointed to expend
the fund, or such part as may be neces
sary to apprehend or convict the assassin,
held a meeting tonight, ami began work.
Bradley and Taylor, of Kentucky,
for Vice-Presidential Candidates.
ATLANTA, Go., March 7. The Repub
lican State Convention, which met here
today, chose as delegates-at-large to the
Philadelphia convention: Walter H. John
son, United States Marshal; H. A. Ruck
er. Collector of Internal Revenue, and H.
L. Johnson, a lawyer, all of Atlanta,
and Judson W. Lyons, the present Reg
istrar of the Treasury. Tho delegates are
negroes, with the exception of Walter H.
Johnson. The platform adopted Indorses
the Administration of President McKin
ley, and renews allegiance to the doctrines
of the St. Louis platform. Governors
Bradley and Taylor, of Kentucky, are
presented for Vice-Presidential candi
dates, and the North and South are ap
pealed to to "sustain and encourage Re
publicanism In the South by selecting one
of these two Republicans for the Vice
Presidency." Before adjourning sine die,
the convention empowered the State Cen
tral Committee to nominate a complete
The Social Democrats.
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind.. March 7. At to
day's session of the Social Democratic
convention, the committee reports were
discussed. As the nominations were made
the last order of business, it is believed
they will not be reached until tomorrow.
The report of the Secretary-Treasurer of
the party showed 225 branches, with a
membership of 4535. There are branches
In 32 states. Fred Strickland, of Chicago,
was elected permanent secretary.
The platform adopted declares for the
public ownership of what are termed pub
lic utilities, mines, oil and gas wells. Na
tional Insurance of workingmen against
accidents, lack of employment and want
In old age: equal civil and political rights
for men and women, the initiative and
referendum and the right to recall Rep
resentatives by the voters, and other well
known socialistic principles.
"Washington Navy Yard Commandant
WASHINGTON. March 7. Captain Si
las W. Terry, late In command of the
Iowa, has been assigned to succeed Ad
miral McCormlck as commandant of the
TALK OF HARRISON
Puts Him Forward as Possible
Opponent of McKinley.
COMMENT ON SIMON'S SPEECH
Posltion of Oregon Senators on the
Puerto Rlcan Bill Land and
Mining? Laws for Alaska.
WASHINGTON. March 7. The publica
tion of the alleged views of ex-President
Harrison upon the Boer war Is taken with
a grain of allowance, especially owing to
the source from which it comes, and the
fact that the ex-President is not directly
quoted. These alleged views caused more
or less discussion about the Capitol to
day, and a number of politicians iliok It
to mean that the ex-President is Wiling
to be considered in a receptive position,
should events between now and the Na
tional Convention show that It Is well to
select another candidate than McKinley.
The frank expression of the ex-President
on the Puerto Rican tariff bill affords a
reason to place him in opposition to the
present Administration upon the next vital
topic before the people, the relations be
tween this country and Great Britain.
Object to Responsibility.
The comments of Republican members
of the House, whose chances for re-election
have been seriously jeopardized by
voting for the Puerto Rican tariff, upon
the position of the President, are of tho
most severe character. It Is claimed that
at least SO Republicans would have voted
against the bill, had they not received as
surances of a positive character that the
President wanted the bill passed, and
hoped they would support It. Now these
men say that the President comes out and
announces his adherence to the view ha
took In his message in favor of free trade,
leaving everything upon the House, and
making the members of the House wholly
responsible for passing the tariff measure.
The comments of the men who are being
flooded with letters criticizing their action
are most severe.
Simon Becomes Famous.
Senator Simon felt the flrst wave of
fame yesterday, but this morning he woko
up to And he was quite a famous man In
the East, and especially in the anti-Quay
papers of Pennsylvania. His picture ap
pears in nearly all of them, and nearly
all of them print his speech, practically In
full. Italicizing sections and also com
menting favorably upon the manner in
which ho handled himself In the debate
with Carter. The Washington Post says:
"Senator Simon's brain is apparently out
of proportion to his size, for he has the
wniitaHnn of he-lntr one of the best law-
i yers of the Senate, as well ns being an
extremely shrewd political manager.
Oregon Senators and Puerto Rico.
Senator Simon is giving a great deal of
attention to the Puerto Rican bill, but has
not yet made up his mind on the subject.
He very much dislikes to vote for the bill,
and yet he hesitates to vote against his
party, which seems committed to the-tariff
proposition. As a lawyer he thinks tho
matter ought to be taken to tho Supremo
Court, as speedily as possible, and settled.
He does not share in the apprehension of
somo of the people that there is danger
from invasion of cheap Malay labor, if
the Philippines are declared a part of tho
On the other hand. Senator McBrlde Is a
firm believer In the bill, and thinks it the
duty of himself and every other Repub
lican to vote for it.
Dissatisfied "With Conference Report.
There Is some grumbling among a few
Republicans about the conference report
on the currency bill, but It will be adopted
when it reaches a vote. The chief objec
tion seems to be with the refunding meas
ure, which some Republican members of
the House declare Is entirely unnecessary
at this time, and that a plain gold stand
ard bill is all that is needed.
Land and Mining Laws for Alaska.
The House committee on public lands,
at an extended session today, concluded
to take active steps with a view to pro
viding adequate land laws for Alaska. Tho
committee concluded to report a number
of separate bills to accomplish this end,
among them being a bill extending the
coal laws of the United States to Alaska.
At present no one attempts to work tho
rich coal fields, as he cannot be protected
In developing the mines. Another hill ex
tends the timber and stone laws; a third
Increases the size of homesteads from 0
to 160 acres, while another extends publla
surveys to the territory.
The placer mining laws for the United
States, which are now applicable to Alas
ka, are to remain in force, with the ex
ception that the right of powers of attor
ney shall bo canceled. Discoverers will
be required to do not less than $100 worth
of work on each discovery within 00 day3
of the discover!'. The placer mining laws
will also be extended to the goldbearlng
beach about Cape Nome, and will limit
the size of claims from 25 to 500 feet in
breadth along the shore line, the exact
size to be regulated by the local miners'
organizations. The bill Is to recognize
the GO-foot roadway along the shore, but
this right of way can be mined, if not
obstructing traffic, pipe lines or dredging
Alaskans Gain Their Point.
J. G. Price, who has been representing
the Interests of Alaska in Washington all
Winter, and been Incessantly working be
fore the committees of both Houses, leaves
tonight for the West. Mr. Price says ho
can do nothing more to further Alaskan
legislation, as the committees have about
concluded their work. He say3 the Alas
kan bills that have been prepared are
highly satisfactory to him. and he thinks
they will meet with the universal approval
of the Alaskan people, as practically all
the points contended for have been em
braced, except that they want a delegate
In Congress, which they will possibly not
have. Ho thinks that the Alaska bills
will go through at the present session
without much difficulty. The civil coda
prepared by Representative Warner's com
mittee he regards as superior to the code
of civil procedure In the same bill, but
In other respects he thinks the same meas
ure Is as near perfect as could be hal
and more than was expected. Mr. Price
speaKS very nigniy oi me consiaerauon
with which he and his associates have
been treated, and is especially grateful
to Representative Moody and Senator Mc
Brlde. for the valuable assistance they
have given him, as well as the other Sen
ators and Representatives for Northwest
ern and Coast States.
Treaty Ratifications Exchanged.
WASHINGTON, March 7. The ratifi
cations of the Samoan arbitration treaty
were exchanged at the State Department
by Secretary Hay for the United States,
Lord Pauncefote for Great Britain and
Dr. von Holleben, for " Germany. Th
treaty submits the claims to the arbitra
tion of King Oscar of Sweden.