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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 22, 1900)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, THTJKSDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1900.
Never Advfcod the Department
His Letters Were Opened.
HAY ANSWERS HOUSE RESOLUTION
The Secretary Bectlvely Explodes
the Tallc of sb Alliaaoc "VVlth.
WASHrXOTON, Feh. 2L The answer
of the state department to -tee house res
oluUon cailteg for Information regarding
certain charges made fay ex-Coneul Mac
rum was submitted to the house today by
the president. It te signed by Secretary
Ua, and after recttlug the resolution,
Answering the ftrst part of, the resolu
tion The deportment of state bag been
In regular commuiucajtton by mail and tele
graph with. Charles K. Macrum, late con
sul of the United States at Pretoria,
South African Republic, since his entrance
upon the duties of the office. Communi
cation made to him have been answered,
and the execution of Instructions sent him
have been reported by Mm. His dis
patches to the department, forwarded
through the consulate at Lourenco Mar
ques, have during that time been regular
ly received. The only instance of com
plaint In respect to the transit of the
malls for Lourenco Marquee and Pretoria
was in November last, when a temporary
stoppage of the malls occurred at Cape
Town, against which Mr. Macrum and
the consul at Lourenco Marques protest
ed. Arrangements were made for the
prompt delivery of the consular mails of
the United States at Cape Town, by whom
the mail for Mr. Hollte and Mr. Macrum
v. as forwarded to Lourenco Marques. Tne
delay lasted but a few Mays, and had not
recurred, so far as the department is ad--vised.
After that time the department's
mail for Lourenco Marques and Pretoria
vas sent by a neutral route, which, it
appears, was know and open to Mr. Mac
rum and Mr. Hollts s early as November
6 last. No obstacle, therefore, is here
known to have existed since then to Mr.
Macrum's unhampered correspondence
with the department of state. At no
time while at his post did Mr. Macrum
report to the department any Instance ot
violation by opening' or otherwise of h;s
official mall by the British censor at Bur
ban, or by any person or persons whatso
ever, there or elsewhere. Neither has he
so reported since he left Pretoria, al
though having the amplest opportunity to
do so by mail while on the way home,
and in person when he reported to the
department upon his return.
"Answering the second part of ttie
aforesaid resolution, the undersigned, sec
retary of state, has the honor to say that
there is no truth in the charge that a se
cret alliance exists between the republic
of the United States and the empire of
Great Britain, that no form of secret al
liance is possible under the constitution
of the United States, inasmuch as treaties
require the advice and consent of the
senate, and, anally, that no secret alli
ance, convention, arrangement or under
standing exists between the United States
and any other nation. JOHN HAY,
"Department of State. February 36, U."
TALK OF MEDIATION.
Unfounded Rumor of an Agreement
Between America, and Germnny.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 2L In view of the
persistent circulation of the rumor that
tho government of the United States has
reached no acreement with the German
government, through Us representative,
Baron von Holleben, to intervene between
the combatants in South Africa, the As
sociated Press has secured from the high
est authority a statement of the present
position of the government in this matter.
Tris is to the effect that there hat. been
absolutely no agreement reached between
Secretary Hay and Baron von Holleben
on the subject, nor has there been any
discussion of the propriety of joint media
tion between the British and the Boers.
N or has the United States government un
dertaken or contemplated any intervention
on its own account.
aVKKX HAS XORB GOOD NEWS.
Apparently n Prcmnturc Report of
Relief of Ladysmltn.
LONDON. Feb. a. At a meeting of the
town council at Windsor this morning it
was announced that news today reached
'Windsor castle that Ladvemtth had been
relieved. The announcement was received
with shouts of "Bravo Buller." The ru
mor of the relief of L&dyemith has again
been current on the Berlin and London
bourses. There is no confirmation of the
A private telegram received here from
Berlin this afternoon declares that Cronje
is in a bad position, bearing out yester
day's Berlin rumor that Cronje was sur
rounded and that a time limit had been
given him within which to capitulate.
The war office declares it is unable to
substantiate the reports of the relief of
Ladj smith. But this does not prevent
the public from believing the queen has
again forestalled the authorities at Pali
Mall, and preferred to communicate the
gUd news direct to the public through
tr-o mayor of Windsor. Just as yesterday
pile, dramatically announced through Lord
"William Cedl, commander of a mllKia
corps the tidings of General Butter's sue
.? hours before the war office was able
to relieve the Impatient anxiety of the
1 t Ued Kingdom.
Nevertheless, as the Queen's words are
n'. actually quoted m today's announce
rrnt, official confirmation is eagerly
awaited, ami especially as Bulter's dis
ritoh of yesterday Is very generally re
g mied as foreshadowing a juncture of
1 Is and General White's forces, some time
t i Public Interest, expectation and
rnxiotj therefore sway unceasingly and
m patiently between Ladysmith and
Io. mfonteln. The practical relief of the
f mi-r place te regarded as due more to
Lu1 Roberts' brilliant strategy in draw
l's off the Boers than to Butler's mi.
iv" rou assaults, and news of the result
of iht battle between Kitchener and
1 mr o reinforced by the force thus drawn
off lrom Ladysmith. Is expected almost
to nohroulee with the announcement
that General Butler has reached his ob
jotie Accomplishment of the latter event.
howeor iv regarded with greater confi
dence than s the afetoty of Kitchener
thoroughly to cripple Cronfe. for the Boer
gvnoraj has proved himself so clever and
daring In slU,p ng through the British
lints that even If Roberts quickly occu
pied Bioemfonteln, there are many fears
expressed that Cronje might still pre
serve the effectiveness of his mobile force.
Tere Is yet nothing to throw light on
the main Issues Regarding military condi
tions the mllitarj critics in the afternoon
papers express the keenest satisfaction
a; the phase of the campaign as revealed
1 the latest nems. drawing attention to
the fact that whether or not Roberts suc
ceeds in effecting a decisive defeat, he
has forced the Boers to release their grip
on Ladysmith. Kimberley, Zuhimnd and
Lower Natal, though admitting that the
siege of Mafekina- may be made more se
ere by the arrival of a portion of the"
Isoer force driven on from Kimberley.
endcaoting to avenge Itself on Colonel
An Arundel dispatch, dated Tuesday,
shows that the Boers in force made a de
termined attempt to Invest Arundel, but
were baffled by the smart maneuvering of
the British mounted troops. Cecil Rhodes
is expected to arrive hi Cape Town Feb
ruary Further details of the attack made by
Colonel Piuner's force on the Boer po
sAUonff defended by a lt-pounder, near
Creoedlle Pools, not far from Gaberones,
show that as the British were struggling
up the hill In the dark, through a net of
barbed wire, they alarmed the Boer watch
dogs, who gave the alarm. The Boers
opened fire and the British charged, but
the Boers exploded dynamite mines, do
ing much damage, and the British re
treated. The Morning Leader says:
"The crossing of the Tugola river was
scarcely opposed, but that is not to say
that fierce resistance may not be looked
for before the Onderbroek works are In
vested. A hlgi authority agreed yester
day with the opinion expressed in these
columns that two-thirds or three-fourths
of General "White's force will be available
for active operations any time within a
week. We cannot see how an advance
through North Natal can be made before
Charleston and Tan Reenan's pass are
secured. As for tine question of General
Bailer's invading the Transvaal, a prac
tical difficulty exists. Our Information is
that his transport is utterly insufficient.
unless the Boers oblige him by fighting
along the railway. "We look for one light
about Pieter's Station, and then depart
ure of the commandos of Free Staters
for Drakens-berg, and the Transvaalers
for Majuba. Nothing is doing in North
Cape Colony, and the greater part of the
Boers apparently have retired to fight in
their own state. Expectation sits in the
gate to know the result of the chase after
Last Detachment From Canada.
HALIFAX. N. S., Feb. 21. The last de
tachment of the Second Canadian contin
gent for South Africa, consisting of more
than COO officers and men and nearly the
same number of horses, sailed from Hall
fax today. The men were given an en
thusiastic send-off. Conspicuous among
the decorations on the transport Milwau
kee was the Stars and Stripes beneath the
British blue ensign at the fore. This Is a
most unusual circumstance.
HolIIs Is Investigating:.
LOURENCO MARQUES, Tuesday.
United States Consul Hollls has sent a
circular letter to merchants here stating
that he Is instructed to Inquire Into the
recent seizures of merchandise from New
York. He requests information as to the
actual ownership of the goods, the rea
sons given for the seizure and other mat
ters pertinent to the subject, and says he
is prepared to receive sworn declarations
of the persons Interested.
Mournlnc at Victoria.
VICTORIA, B. C, Feb. 2L With flags
at half mast, the city mourns the loss
of 40 per cent of her volunteers in the
First South African contingent. The leg
islature adjourned today as a tribute to
the dead. The flag on the United States
consulate is among those at half mast.
Line to Kimberley Open.
NEW YORK, Feb. 21. The Anglo
American Telegraph Company today is
sued the following notice:
"From London we are again informed
that telegrams may now be accepted for
Kimberley. but only at the sender's risk."
Clilcugo Poles Deny the Existence of
a Secret League.
CHICAGO, Feb. 2l7 Polish citizens of
Chicago are divided on the question of the
existence of a secret league to free Po
land in case of war between Russia and
England at any time In the near future.
News of the recent arrests In Lemberg
and the statements by prominent Poles
in this city is the principal topic of dis
cussion among Poles. Some deny that
there exists such a secret society, others
eay there Is such a league, but that its
purposes are not to secure Poland's free
dom by Insurrection, and the third support
the revolutionary views of Frank H. Jab
lonskl, president of the Polish National
Alliance. Alderman John F. Smulskl, a
prominent Pole, spoke as follows:
"I have noticed a number of items con
cerning the recent arrests of suposed Pol
ish revolutionists in Warsaw and Lemberg,
also of an alleged secret organization in
Chicago which Is supposed to co-operate
with the conspirators in Warsaw and
Lemberg. As one Individual I wish to
deny the existence of any secret organ
ization in this city. In saying this I feel
satisfied that the vast majority of the Pol
ish residents in this city are of the same
opinion, and the Poles now resident under
the governments of Russia, Germany and
Austria who are led by men of mature
thought and experience certainly appre
ciate the present situation. They know
that such a movement would be Impossible,
and could only result In greater persecu
tion, and that a movement to overthrow
the governments of Bussla, Germany and
Austria would be madness.
"We have had three revolutions by force
of arms. They have all been unsuccess
ful. Every one of the insurrections re
sulted each time In persecutions and de
portation of thousands of men and fam
ilies to Siberia, confiscation of property,
countless executions and the devastation
of the country- The three former un
successful attempts have taught the Pol
ish people to be cautious. Since 1S63 they
have commenced to plan a fourth Insur
rection, and that is an insurrection which
by a result of thought, energy,
enlightenment and education will
yield a moral Influence, sufficient to
force their enemies to recognize In them
a nation strong enough In mind, virtue
and intelligence to govern themselves.
"We are against all secret political con
spiracies. It is the Ideal of every Pole to
see his country free and secure Its free
dom, not by political conspiracies, but by
rational, constant and untiring efforts
toward the enlightenment and education of
the masses, and to bring about this last
Insurrection of moral and mental power."
OLGA NETHERSOLE ARRESTED
Charged "With Offending: Public De
cency In Her piny "Sappho."
NEW YORK, Feb. 21. On a warrant
charging her with offending public de
cency, Olga Nethersole, the actress, was
arrested this af ternodn and' made -to ap
pear in the Center-street police court. She
was paroled in the custody of her counsel,
and the case set for hearing Friday morn
ing. The arrest is the culmination of the
attack upon and denunciation of
"Sappho." Clyde Fitch's play, now being
produced by Mis Nethersole at Wallack's
theater. The play is a stage adaptation
of Alphonse Daudet's novel of "Sappho."
The attack seemed to come from all direc
tions, the play being denounced by pulpit
and press. With Miss Nethersole were
arrested upon the same charge Hamilton
Rcvelle, her leading actor, and Marcus
Mayer, her manager. A warrant -was Is
sued for the arrest of Theodore Ross, pro
prietor of Wallack's, but as Mr. Ross was.
111, Charles Burnham, the manager of the"
theater, appeared in the police court in
his stead, as the representative of the
playhouse. The provision tinder which the
warrant was issued is a section of the
penal code, applying to public nuisance,
which Is a misdemeanor, and is punish
able by imprisonment in the penitentiary
for one year cr a fine of $500, or both.
At the dictation of her counsel. Miss
Nethersole said, in answer to the com
plaint: T have committed no offense against
the good morals or tho law cf this or any
other country. I especially demand to
know the source of this attack upon me
and my proprietor. The court cannot or
der a too-epeedy Investigation."
At the request of Miss Nethersole's
counsel, the hearing was set for Friday
morning. The play was presented to
night. A Government Defcnt.
BERLIN, Feb. 2L The government was
defeated today in the reichstag, which
adopted, by a large majority, the motion
of Heir Winterer, en Alsatian member,
to repeal the so-called "dictatorial para
graph" now enforced In Alsace-Lorraine.
WOODRUFF IN DEfROIT
PRINCIPAL GUEST AT THE MICHIGAN
Spoke on "Washington the 2xpan-
sionlst" Address of General
Boynton Other Speakers.
DETP.OIT, Feb. 21. Several striking
orations were given tonight by leaders of
the republican party in Michigan to the
stars who appeared before them on the
occasion ot the of the fifth annual banquet
of the Michigan Club. Bufc. the enthusiastic
reception accorded to Hon. Timothy L.
Woodruff, lieutenant-governor of New
York, far outshone all other features of
the occasion. Introduced as the probable
candtdate of the state of New York for
vice-president of the United States, Mr.
Woodiuff stood mute before a long-continued
storm of applause, such as would
have upset the equanimity of a less sturd
ily poised person than the br.lliant and ag
gressive young New-Yorker.
Majoi-General Shatter, Governors Nash
of Ohio, Shaw of Iowa, and Pingree of
Michigan, all were welcomed. More than
500 republicans sat at the annual feast.
The galleries were filled with spectators. 1
Th hlrj- armm-v was mv with natrlotio '
decorat-ons. Washington's portrait had
the most conspicuous place, and pletures
of Mr. McKinley, Admiral Dewey and Gen
erals Shatter and Alger were suspended
from the gallery fronts. The national
colors hung from ceiling and walls.
J. R. McLaughlin, president of the club,
and Governor Pingree delivered addresses
of welcome. The governor, in the course
of his speech, stated that after 11 years
of continuous service he had no desire for
further public preferment. Governor
George K. Nash, of Ohio, spoke to the
toast "Washington and the Northwest
In presenting Mr. Woodruff to respond
to the sentiment, "Washington, the Ex
pansionist," the toastmaster, ex-State
Senator John Patton, jr., said:
"The republican party believes in young
men. They were 4n at the foudlng of the
party; they have been It it since, and to
them the party still turns with confidence
and hope. The Michigan Clifb has been
in the habit of nominating presidential
candidates (alluding to speeches before the
club by Harison, McKinley, etc.). Sur
rounded as I am by governors and would
be governors and other candidates, I am
inclined to think that lightning might
easily strike a vice-presidential candidate
here as well. When in the next national
convention the question Is asked: 'Who
does New Tork want to name for vice
president?' (because as New Tork goes, so
goes the Union), will they not turn to
that stalwart pair of New York leaders
and bring forth the name of Timothy L.
Woodruff?" (Long and loud applause.)
Llcnt-GoTcrnor "Woodruff's Speech.
Mr. Woodruff spoke as follows:
"The expansion of .the United States has
been unparalleled In the history of nations.
Three hundred and fifty thousand square
miles and 3,000,000 of people constituted the
area and population of the 13 colonies. The
territory has increased ten-fold, and the
population twenty-five fold. The acquisi
tion, after the war of American Independ
ence, of the Northwest territory of which
Michigan was a part Increased by two
and a half times the original domain of
the nation. This was again doubled by the
purchase of the Louisiana territory, at an
expenditure of less than the cost of three
first-class cruisers of our modern navy.
The acquisition of Florida by purchase, of
the Oregon territory by partition, of Texas
by annexation, of parts of Mexico by
cession, and of Alaska by purchase, again
doubled our domain. The addition of Ha
waii, Puerto Rico and the Philippine
Islands although equal to the territory of
British islands Increased by only one
thirtieth the area of the United States,
which was already nearly equal to the
whole of Europe.
"Every step in this national expansion
has been contested by unpatriotic and
narrow-minded men. The purchase of Lou
isiana was opposed by some on the ground
that France has acquired no title from
Spain, and therefore could convey none;
others contended that the United States
could not, under the constitution, acquire
foreign territory. A leader in congress
characterized Louisiana as an immense,
unbounded world, declaring that if it
should be Incorporated Into the Union 'it
will be the greatest curse that could at
present befall us.' Another member of
congress insisted that we had territory
enough already, and that he would rather
see Louisiana given over to France or
Spain or any other nation, upon condition
that no citizens of the United States
should ever settle within its limits, than
that we should retain sovereignty over it.
Its inhabitants were characterized as par
ticularly undesirable. Another feared the
influence of the climate upon those of our
citizens who should migrate thither, con
cluding, 'This Eden of the New World will
prove a cemetery for the bodies of our citi
zens.' Many warned che government
against this acquisition of foreign terri
tory as sure to involve ihe necessity of a
mighty standing army.
"Only once In the course of our terri
torial development have the inhabitants of
the acquired territory been consulted. Jef
ferson, the most radical of expansionists,
consummated the purchase of Louisiana,
notwithstanding opposition, and at once
proceeded as president of the United States
to govern Its inhabitants from the capitol
at Washington. Under Seward's leader
ship we purchased Alaska from Russia,
and Its Inhabitants came under the rule ot
the United States, and were no longer sub
jects of the czar. Our acquisition of ter
ritories has uniformly conduced to the
contentment and well-being of their In
habitants, as well as to the material pros
perity of all the people of the United
"It Is not a matter of surprise that
Washington was an expansionist. As late
as the period of his presidency two stages
and a dozen horses were sufficient to
transport all the travelers and merchan
dise carried by land between New York
and Boston then the two great commer
cial centers of the country. The cost of
a bushel of wheat or a bag of cotton was
doubled by transporting It 100 miles. The
original cost of Imported articles was en
hanced three-fold then hold 200 miles from
their port of entry. Washington the Sur
veyor knew not only the measure, but the
value of territory; Washington the Amer
ican coveted everything for Americans;
Washington the Soldier had no fear of for
eign interference; Washington the States
man foresaw the destiny of the nation;
Washington the Patriot bequeathed to fu
ture generations the Inspiration of his lofty
ideals on the subject of American expan
sion. "In 177S Washington tried to bring about
the union of Canada with the American
colonies, saying, 'If Canada is not with
us, it may be at least a troublesome if
not a dangerous neighbor to us.' To the
campaign undertaken by Colonel Clarke
for the acquisition of the Northwest terri
tory and the reduction of the British mili
tary outpost of Detroit he gave his earnest
assistance and support, appreciating, as
his letters show, the immense commer
cial and political advantages to be derived
from such an acquisition. When subse
qently difficulties arose among the settlers
of this territory, he declared against per
mitting any settlements to be made by
hostile foreigners, asserting that "force
should be met by force," thus showing
himself as aggressive in preserving as In
acquiring territory. The principles at that
time set forth by Washington are embod
ied in the patriotic settlement of the pres
ent difficulties in the Philippines."
Following Woodruff's speech, Generi
Shafter was called upon. A big burst of
applause greeted the man who command
ed in the Santiago campaign. He paid
earnest tribute to General Alger as "a
man who had raised and equipped armies
can "be permanently cured
by the constant use of
DUFFY'S PORE MALT WHISKEY
Dallas, Tex., February and.
Duffy Malt Whiskey Co., Rochester, N. Y.
Gentlemen: I have used some fouror fivcbbttles
of your Malt Whiskey, and find that it has benefited
my catarrh more than anything else I have tried
Send me a case of say three dozen bottles of Map
snd the Formula. Yours respectfully,
T. J. Mangum.
, Spring Valley, McPherson Co., Kan., Jan. loth
Duffy Malt Whiskey Co.
Dear Sirs: I read jour Annual and I am using
your Malt Whiskey for catarrh and asthma, ant
it helps me. Respectfully j ours,
GoTemment stamp marks the ecnulne. Druggists muall
sell it- If yours do's not, a bottle will be sent you, prepaid
for Ji; six for J5. Write f.r interesting book.
DUFFY MALT WHISKEY CO., Rochester, N. Y.
sufficient so that In little more than 100
days from the beg nnlng of hostilities one
of the great nations of Europe was suing
for peace." He commended General Duf-
field for carrying out his orders in the
attack for detention of that portion of
the enemy posted at Aguadores. General
Shafter declared himself an ardent repub
lican, and predicted that Washington. Ore
gon and California would give the largest
republican majorities In their history.
Gcncrnl Boynton's Speech.
"Men of Michigan in the Footsteps of
Washington," was responded to by Gen
eral Henry V. Boynton, of Washington.
"As a man of Massachusetts birth I may
be indulged for a moment in referring to
family affairs. Some who were formerly
patriots, and some of them men of re
nown, have, as you know, organized
against what they are pleased to call im
perialism. These patriots burn incense
both to George Washington and the Bos
ton Imitation, and have much to say
against 'entangling alliances,' 'empire,"
and especially and always about 'the con
sent of the governed.'
"Well, let us look for a moment at the
genesis of our Massachusetts supporters
of this doctrine of consent. The landing
at Plymouth was an Invasion pure and
simple. From the Bradford History, the
original of which was discovered a few
years since and obtained by Senator Hoar
for the state of Massachusetts, after much
patriotic effort, it appears that the first
day of the landing an armed party went
out and robbed Indian caches or tneir win
ter store of corn; and the second day be
gan to shoot Indians who appeared before
them with bows and arrows. One being
fired at, 'after taking a full aim at him
at half musket shot, gave,' and the Brad
ford record affirms, 'a most extraordinary
shriek and ran away with all the rest,'
and 'thus it pleased God to vanquish their
enemies and give them deliverance.'
"From that day the ancestors of our
anti-Imperialists, with the Bible under their
arm and the rifle on their shoulder, ad
vanced with praise and song, and rifle, and
sword, and torch, to drive out the heathen
and perfect their own land titles. There
is not an anti-Imperialist In New Eng
land whose title to his real estate, If he
traced back to its source, would not read,
if It told the truth, wrested from the In
dians by the sword' and, therefore, with
"The charge they now bring against their
nation in war, trenching close in their
speech and acts upon technical treason,
and, being moral treason, have no exist
ence anywhere in darker colors than in
the records of the ancestors of the very
men who make the cnarges.
"Every citizen who has fairness to in
form himself of what the president is
striving to accomplish in the shortest pos
sible time, knows that it is the establish
ment of civil rule in all the islands which
we now control by arms. The moment
this can be secured with safety, military
rule will cease, and tne most beneficent
government which this land can furnish
will be set up."
Hon. Leslie M. Shaw, governor of Iowa,
spoke to the toast, "What and How Much
We Have Accomplished."
Elaborate Programmes for Its Ob
servance in Chicago.
CHICAGO. Feb. 21. Chicago's celebra
tion of . the anniversary of the
birth of George Washington to
morrow will surpass all past efforts of
the kind. Plans arranged for the day pro
vide for a large number of patriotic exer
cises, and more elaborate programmes and
the suspension of business on account of
the occasion, it is predicted, will be more
noticeable than usual. In the morning
exercises will be held In the public
schools; In the afternoon a mass meet
ing at the Auditorium under the auspices
of the Union League Club will be the
principal event, and at night many clubs
and societies will have patriotic ban
quets and other entertainments.
The Union League's celebration has
been arranged on an unusually extensive
scale. Exercises will be held In 46 public"
schools during the morning and at each
school members of the club will preside
and speak. Song sheets and small Amer
ican flags have been provided for the
pupils. Recitations and solos "by the pupils
will vary the programme. The mass meet
ing at the Auditorium will begin at 3
o'clock. The subject for discussion will
be "Discussion." Jacob G. Schurman,
president of Cornell university and presi
dent of the commission sent to the Philip
pines by President McKinley, will be the,
principal speaker. Eugene Carey, presi
dent of the Union League Club, will pre
side. The Union League Club will have its
annual Washington banquet at night. The
speakers announced are: Eugene Carey,
Jacob G. Schurman, General W. L. H.
Barnes, of San Francisco; the Rev. Will
iam McCaughan, John Maxey Zane, Mur
ray F. Smith, of VIcksburg, and Timothy
L. Woodruff, lieutenant-governor of New
AD3IIRAL DEWEY'S OPINION.
Fortifications Not Necessary at the
NEW YORK, Feb. 21. Regarding the
contention that the United States should
not build the Nicaragua canal without
erecting expensive fortifications, Admiral
Dewey, in Washington, last night, said:
"Fortifications! Why, of course not. As
I understand it, the canal Is to be and
should be a neutralized commercial path
way' between the two great oceans. To
fortify it would simply result in making
it a baittle-ground in case of war. Forti
fications would be enormously expensive
and ought not to be erected. Our fleets
will be a sufficient guarantee of the neu
trality of the canal in time of war as well
as in peace."
CLAIMS AGAINST TURKEY.
Minister Straas Says the Saltan Will
Have to Pay Them.
NEW YORK, Feb. 21. Oscar C. Straus.
United States minister to Turkey, after
conferring with the state department offi
cials on Monday in Washington, re
turned to New York, and is now enjoy
ing the beginning of his three months'
leave of absence. He said last night
that he had no Intention of resigning his
office, although there had been rumors to
the effect that he had become somewhat
tired of the duties.
Asked as to what progress the Turkish
government had made with reference to
Indemnifying the American owners of
property destroyed during the Armenian
troubles, he said:
"Until my arrival there Turkey had de
nied liability for those property dam-
MULTIPLICITY OF DISEASES INCLUDED
Marvelous Results of Improved Treatment in Maladies Long Classed as
To those unacquainted with the great
work carried on at the Copeland Institute,
the reach and range of that far-famed
medical system and it? admirable adapta
tion to the needs of every class of In
valids may be indicated by the diversity
of disease accepted for expert treatment.
1. The Copeland system includes catarrh
and all catarrhal maladies. In this hard
branch of practical pathology. Doctor
Copeland ranks with the very few recog
nized masters now living, but under the
nominal assessment plan all catarrh pa
tients receive one entire month's treatment,
medicines included, for the sum usually
paid for examination alone.
2. The Copeland system includes the
treatment and cure of deafness, the sys
temtlc restoration of the lost or impaired
sense of hearing, under brilliant discov
eries credited entirely to Doctor Copeland,
helne nnw a thoroughly verified reality.
hnnifoi. nninnii QnA mprvolfnn! us n mfdl-
cal evolution and achievement. Here, too,
the expense of treatment is limited, under
THE ENTIRE SYSTEM CURED
BY THE HOME TREATMENT
Mr. J. P. Gnvitt, a pioneer resident
of Waltsburg, Wash., having moved to
that section in 1860, was a sufferer from
catarrhal troubles for many years, in
speaking of his cure by the Home treat"
ment, he says: ,
"I had catarrh more or less since child
hood. Four years ago I had grip, which
left me In a very weak and miserable
state. From that time on I grew rapidly
worse. I seemed to have one continuous
cold. My head and ears were stopped up
with that dull, heavy feelingthat always
goes with cold. For years there was a
discharge from the left ear. As the dis
ease advanced, I experienced a fullness
and smothering sensation In the chest. I
was short of breath and had frequent at
tacks of choking like asthma.
My stomach became Involved. Food did
not digest. It caused bloating and great
distress. There was a feeling of weight
and oppression In the pit of the stomach;
the top felt raw and sore. My appetite
went back on me. I lost weight and
strength and became weak and easlly
exhausted. I could not sleep. My nerv
ous system was almost wrecked. Any little
thing would upset me completely, when I
would shake and tremble like one with
"I had read of the new Home treatment
for catarrh and sent for a symptom blank.
This blank covered my case so well that
I was Inspired with confidence and sent
for the treatment. I began to get better
right away. Now I feel as I have not felt
in years. In perfect health. I am free from
distress and pain. I eat and sleep well.
I consider the home treatment a Godsend
to all the sick who live at a distance from
HOME TREATMENT No one deprived of the benefits of the Copeland Treatment because ef living
at a distance from the city. If you cannot come to the office, write for Home Treatment Symptom
Blank and Book and be cured at home.
CONSULTATION FREE. DR. COPELAND'S BOOK FREE TO ALL
w. n. COPELAKD, ai. D.
J. H. MONTGOMERY, M. D.
ages, but since the government's lia
bility has been admitted, the sultan has
not only promised to pay, but he has
twice repeated that promise. That he
will have to pay the several claims within
a reasonably short time there Is no ques
tion, and I credit him with the intention
of fulfilling his promise. The sum In
volved is less than $100,000."
"Did the Spanish war and the victory of
Dewey at Manila make us any better
known in Turkey?" Mr. Straus was asked.
"They certainly did do just that thing,
and the Oriental world has a far better
appreciation of the power of this coun
try than it had before."
ROUTE IS FEASIBLE.
Report of Surveyors on the Line to
ASHLAND, Or., Feb. 21. C. W. Root,
consulting engineer, and J. A. McCall,
chief engineer, of the surveying party,
consisting of 14 men,- which has been lo
cating the preliminary line of the Ore
gon Midland railroad, from Klamath
Falls to a point on the Southern Pacific,
returned to Ashland this morning, hav
ing completed their work, which took six
They located the line for a dls-
tance of between 80 and 90 miles on the
north side of the Klamatn river to a
point midway between Hcrnbrook and
Klamathon, and found a most feasible
route. No tunnels will be needed In the
construction of the road, and there will
be but two or three curves so sharp as
12 degrees. The engineers will at once
proceed to the work of making estimates
for the building of the line, and it is ex
pected that dirt will be flying on the
construction of the line before many
Got n CensnB Clerkship.
The Hon. Matthew Stewart, representa
tive In the Oregon legislature from Jack
son county, has received an appointment ,
In the clerical service of the census bu- j
reau at Washington from the supervisor
of the census, and win leave tor tne scene
of his new labors in about 10 days. Mr.
Stewart was for years a prominent ed
ucator in the state of Kansas, and he
was county school superintendent of
Pierce county, Washington, for several
terms. It Is expected that he will remain
In Washington two years. The position (
carries a salary of 51800.
An unoccupied frame dwelling on
Water street, near the railroad, the prop
erty of E. D. Briggs, was totally de
stroyed by Are this evening at 8:45
o'clock. The loss was $500. The fire was
of Incendiary origin, and was supposed
to be the work of hobos.
AFFAIRS IN VENEZUELA.
Minister of War Denies That He Is
Plotting a. Revolution.
NEW YORK, Feb. 21. Reports which
were cabled from Trinidad, under date of
February 5, to the effect that General Jose
Ignaclo Pulldo, minister of war of Ven
ezuela, was planning a revolution against
the administration of President Castro,
are declared by that official to be with
out foundation, and calculated to do him
an injustice in Caracas.
Senor E. Gonzales Esteves, consul-gener-
the nominal assessment regulation to the J
rate of $5 a month, medicines included,
3. The Copeland system includes asthma
and bronchitis, the superior curative po
tency of the new treatment In chronic In
flammatory diseases of the air passages
being predicated on the greatly reduced
period of time requisite to their permanent
mastery. Total expense treatment and
medicines included 15 a month.
4. The Copeland system Includes inclpl
' ent consumption with a treatment held to
be absolutely effective In the cure of all
affections of the lungs Inside the line of
clear tuberculosis. Nominal expense as-
I sessment one entire month's treatment,
medicines included $5.
I 5. The Copeland system includes diseases
of tho nervous system. Improved methods
of treatment accomplishing the permanent
mastery of this class of infirmities with . ment or infirmity, the tafferer is ac
Iess delay than is possible under the old-j tnally afforded eae entire month's
school theories. Expense limited to same ( .. ,, . . ,.,
rate So a month, medicines included
6. The Copeland system includes diseases ,
of the stomach, the liver and the bowels,
TALK FROM PEOPLE
Mr. J. P. Gavitt, Waltsbnrg, Wash.,
Cnred of Catarrh by the Home
Chronic Catarrh in nil its forms,
Asthma, Bronchitis, Incipient Con
sumption, diseases of the Stomach,
the Kidneys, the Nervous System nnd
blood treated at the Copeland In
5 A MONTH
Medicines included, until cared.
I ooeoe oeoo eoee e o s oooao 0
DEKUM, THIRD AND WASHINGTON STREETS
OFFICE HOURS From O A. 31. to 12 M.; from 1 to 5 P. 31.
EVENINGS Tuesdays nnd Fridays. SUNDAYS From 10 A. M. to 12 M.
al of Venezuela, in New York, alleges that
President Castro Is securely seated in
power, is giving the public a clean admln-
lstration, and that he has the respect and
support of a great majority of all "Ven
ezuelans. The members of his cabinet arc
peculiarly loyal to him. Senor Esteves
has received a cable dispatch, of which
the following Is a translation:
"Consul-General of Venezuela, New
York: The report from Trinidad, dated
the 5th, is inexact. I am In full sympatny
wlth the policy of General Castro and with
the liberal party. "Please have this state
ment published In the New York Herald.
"GENERAL JOSE IGNACIO PULIDO.
"Minister of War."
Senor Esteves Insists that conspirators
In other Central American republics are
constantly plotting against the peace of
. .....-VW.t.. ...... .. .. J..UUU.U. .., .
the untrue rumor concerning General
Canadian Volunteers Engaged.
-TORONTO, Feb. 2L A special to the
The first Canadian contingent was en
gaged at Modder river all day Sunday.
Eighteen men of the regiment were killed
and GO wounded. Among the wounded was
Captain Mason, of Toronto. The Canad
ians roraea tne aioaaer river auer a
Daily Treasury Statement.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 2L Today's state
ment, of the condition of the treasury
j Available cash balance J29i.K2.323
Gold reserve 221,363,567
Passenger for Europe.
NEW YORK, Feb. 21. There sailed on
the steamship St. Louis today Ferdinand
W. Peck, commissioner-general of the
United States to the Paris exposition; Les
ter and John Relff and J. H. (Skeets) Mar-
88i Third Street, Opposite Chamber of Commerce
Hours 6 A. JI. to 5 P. M.j evening; 7 to 9; Sundays, 19 te 3.
IN THE COPELAND
and their eSolent an suceogifut treat-
meat by an aeeempMehed expert, without
extra expense beyond the auuuuonioot of $5
a month, mediemes mended.
7. The Copeland system Includes ehronta
kidney trouble and Its correct seteftUfio
treatment $6 a month, medfetaes Included.
8. The Copeland system Includes rheu
matism and all affections of the skin. wKh
expert treatment, under the same nominal
assessment of a, month, medicines in
cluded. 9. The Copeland system Includes
all maladies that require timer treat
ment or a. certain period of aalater
ropted professional attention. Xer
their final asd lasting eure. Bat the
key to the system in. its economical
aspects, Is that, whatever the all-
IfcCUtAUXlfty n.4 jncaimna inviaacay
at the precise sum usually said lor
Mr. J. P. West, Soappeene, Or.t Oh
son Wilfred has been taking a course of
treatment at the Copeland Institute for a
very severe case of catarrh. His worst
symptom was a terrible racking cough. He
had whooping cough as a baby and
coughed almost continually since. A year
ago he had a very bad cold or grip, from
which he never fully recovered. His ap
petite failed and he lost flesh and strength.
He was tired and languid and without am
bition. The way he coughed was terrible;
it wore him out completely. We
feared that his lungs were affected. He
took bottle after bottle of patent medi
cine with the result that be got worse
Instead of better.
We took him up to the Copeland Insti
tute, and under the treatment given him
there be got well and strong. His cough
disappeared and he gamed strength and
weight. He Is an entirely different boy
from what he was a year ago.
Mr. E. A. Ruth, Brewster Hotel,
Portland, a well-known steamboat man:
I would have long since been In my grave
but for the treatment of Drs. Copeland
and Montgomery. They saved ray life. I
suffered from a bronchial trouble, which
was thought to be consumption. My fam
ily physician could do nothing for me. I
had night sweats and a terrible cough.
At times I coughed until I raised bright
red blood. My chest was sore, with sharp
cutting pains through the lungs. I lost
flesh until I was nothing but skin and
When I finished ray treatment two years
ago I was a. perfectly well man, and have.
been so ever since. I shall be ever grate
ful to the doctors who cured me.
tin. the crack American jockeys, were
i passengers on tne Oceanic.
Miss Evelyn. A. Fletcher has invented a
system for teaching children music which
is more like play than drudgery. The di
vision of time Is taught by a game with
blocks, and the Intrieaeies of the scales
are also set forth In fascinating fashion.
With the notes cut out for cardboard, five
different and amusing games can be
played. Fourteen games can be played
with musical blocks, and each game has
The Woman's Journal, proposes that
women's clHbs debate the question. "Are
the Men of Kentucky Too Emotional to
Be Allowed to Take Part in Politics?"
Women's rights have made such prog
ress in Chile that already two-thirds of
the public school teachers are women
PRIMARY, SECONDARY OR TERTIARY BLND POISON
Permanently Cured. Tou can be treated at homo
under same guaranty. If you have taken mer
cury. Iodide potash, and still have aches and
pains, Mucus Patches In Mouth, Sore Throat.
Piznpies, Copper-Colored Spots. Ulcers on any
part of the body. Hair or Eyebrows failing
COOK REMEDY CO.
1530 Masonic Temple, Chicago, III, tor proofs of
cures. Capital. $600,000. We solicit the most ob
stinate eases. We have cured the worst cases la
15 to 35 days. 100-page Book Tree.
Leading and Most Suceusfal
Phyjician and Surgeon
The world has ever known for the treat
ment of all private and chronle diseases
of both male and female. The following
are among the troubles which be will treat
with skill, and guarantee a perfect and
prompt cure of all curable diseases. We
treat the following diseases with a spe
cial treatment, which is purely medical
rhoea, tenderness, swell
ing, quickly cured without pant or deten
tion from business.
I AniP Who suffer from apathy, m
Ln'' - difference, nervous debility or
diseases peculiar to women, can consult
, Dr. DeYoung.