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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 22, 1900)
THE MORNING OEEGONIAN, THUESDAY, FBBK.1
AGAINST THE BILL
Rrst Republican to Oppose the
Puerto Rico Tariff.
SPEECH OF BROMWELL OF OHIO
CaSess "Will Be Held Saturday Sight
fer OemfereRoe en the Tariff
ITASRQfQTOK. Feb. . Fer the first
tfcwe ta the debate upon 'the Puerto RI
oaa tariff WU the voice of a republican
we r&toed today against the measure.
BnoaweU of Ohio spoke against the bill.
He appaoed It on the ground of policy
and not of the constitution. His hos
tility, however, was not so absolute but
that he announced hie intention of voting
Car It If the substitute failed. The other
opeakere today were Ray of New York
and Lot? of Kansas for the Mil, and
Henry of Texas againet It.
The republicans have decided to hold a
caucus for conference on the bill Sat
urday night. Although there are said to
be between M and 16 republicans who are
hostile to the bill, the republican leaders
who are canvassing the situation say that
net more than four or five will cast
their votes against It. They also say sev
eral democrats will support It. The only
democrat who Is outspoken In his ad
vocacy of the bill is Davey of Louisiana.
He represents one of the largest cane
sugar Interests in the South. Others, in
eluding Meyer and Brouseard of Louis
iana, Loud of California and Davis and
Sparkman of Florida, are said to be In
the doubtful column, but the democratic
whip says that only Davey and Sibley
of Pennsylvania will vote for It. Wilson
of Idaho, a silver republican. Is said to
be inclined to vote for the MIL Some
of the republican opponents of the bill,
who dislike to go on record against their
party, believe that the way out of the
dilemma In which they find themselves
is to vote to recommit the measure. On
account of the pressure for time, the
-debate hereafter will begin at 11 o'clock,
and there will be night sessions Thursday
An effort is to be made to get the ques
tion Involving the seating of ex-Senator
Quay, of Pennsylvania, formally before
the senate for consideration. Penrose of
Pennsylvania gave notice today that he
would call up the case tomorrow. As it
Is a privileged question, he may be able
to secure a vote on the taking up of the
case for consideration and thus develop
the Quay strength in the senate, at least
approximately. During the greater part
of today's session, the Hawaiian gov
ernment bill was under consideration.
But Mttte progress was made.
TH DAY IX DETAIL.
OeatlRuatieR ef the Paerto Rico De
bate Ih. the House.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 2L The house to
day adopted the senate resolution au
thorising the president to appoint one
woman commissioner to represent the
United States and the National Society of
Daughters of the American Revolution
at the unveiling of the statue of La Fay
ette at the Pans exposition.
Before the debate on the Puerto Ricau
tariff Mil was resumed, it was agreed that
the debate hereafter etaould begin at 11
o'clock in the morning, and there should
be night sessions Thursday and Friday.
Ray (rep. N. Y.) was the first speaker
today. He supported the Mil in an extend
ed argument. Raj' la chairman of the
judioiary committee of the .house, and de
voted himself closely to the legal and con
stitutional phases of the controversy over
the broad question as to whether the new
territory was part o? the United States
in a political sense. He denied that any
act of the president or congress could ex
tend the constitution as a constitution over
a territory while It remained a territory.
The constitution only covers the elates
of the Union. Neither could a territory,
he argued, be created a state without the
consent of the people thereof. The privi
leges of the constitution could not be con
ferred or extended to an inch of territory
outside the Union of states until the peo
ple of the territory had been heard from.
In the language of the constitution and
the decisions of the supreme court, Puerto
Rico and the Philippines were the prop
erty of the United States, to be legislated
for as congress chose.
Bromwell (rep. O.) was the first repub
lican to oppose the Mil upon the floor.
"It la never an agreeable thing," he be
gan, "to take an active stand in opposi
tion to one's political associates. It is
much easier to drift with them and yield
personal views and support the recommen
dation of the majority of the committee
controlled by his own party. In minor
matteiw I have, upon numberless occa
sions, yielded my personal preferences
But in a matter of so great moment as
the present measure, which will shape the
future potter not alone of the republican
party but of the nation, which will estab
lish precedents to control the future, deal
ing with questions of right and equality
In our treatment of those under the pro
tection of aur nag. I, for one, believe that
every member, upon his solemn honor,
fchould decide for himself and cast his vote
as his conscience dictates It is a duty
he owes to himself and to his party that
he should not assist in the commission of
an error which may affect the future
domination of the government and to his
country that It may stand as the exponent
of all that is Just and honorable in its
treatment of its citiaens. Therefore, as a
result of much careful and conscientious
thoufht, I rise today to oppose a portion
of th report of the ways and means com
mttte. and express my preference for the
bill ite .originally Introduced by the gen
tleman rrom New Tork (Payne)."
Continuing, Bromweli said he did not
doubt the power -of congress to enact this
legislation, but he did not agree with its
)uetfee or equitv The original bill pro
posed to estnblish free trade with Puerto
Rico, and was in accordance with the rec
ommendation of the president, secretary
of war and others familiar with the con
ditions ard net written of the people of the
island. He announced that he would sup
port the substitute If offered, and If de
feated, rather than not have any legis
lation, he would vote for the pending
This announcement drew appiaue from
the republican side. It created eome sur
prise upon the democratic side, where St
was understood that BrcmweU intended
to oppose the Mil outright
Tatatelt (rep. Pa. arose to Interrupt
Bronrwetl. The latter refused to yield.
"I nreiome the gentleman who is about
to nwennpt me." said he, "Is prepared to
gay. as I am informed he has saM. to
others, 'that the president is in favor of
this bin.' I don't dispute It but I say
that no longer aao than day before yes
terday a representative, or one of the great
republicans papers f this country was
sent to the president bv his paoer for th
purpose of ascertaining the view of the
pfesMent. The paper wanted to support
the presidential policy: it wanted to know
whether It should continue editorially to
rapport the position the president had
taken tn bis message, and the representa
tive of that paper was assured at that
time that the president was of the same
opinion, and that the paper should go on
as It had been doing.
"Kam. if the president, since Me mes
sage to congress tn December, has ob
tained information which shows that con
ditions are different today than what the
wore then, it is a solemn duty that he
owes to congress that he should communi
cate that additional Information to us
(applause): that we should not be depend
ent unon conversation and Interviews
of tndrrtdual members ef this house with
the chief executive for the information
Upon which we as a legislative body are
to act The constitution provides that
ttoe president shall give to congress such
recommendations as he may think proper
for the Information of "the members m
the proper discharge of our duties. Let
the president send a message to this house.
Let him say to us: 'Conditions are dif
ferent today in Puerto Rico from what
they were In December. Let him say:
'I have additional information that I did
not have when I wrote my message In
December, and the recommendatioH of
the president will receive at the hands of
every member of this house, and I am
sure, speaking for" myself, that It will
receive from my hands all that considera
tion that is due to every conscientious
and honest chief executive of this coun
"But we get no such information at first
hand. It comes to us through half a
dozen channels, and we are advised that
if we call personally upon the president
ho will assure us what he wants us to
vote for In this hill. As I said at the be
ginning of my remarks, If we cannot get
the bill that was originally Introduced in
this bouse. If we cannot have what the
president recommends to us as an abso
lute necessity for the people of the island
of Puerto Rico, I for one am willing to
take half a loaf rather than no bread.
"I merely want to say this, however,
and I say It with all due respect to the
committee, that if the committee on ways
and means In this house had taken its re
publican colleagues into Its confidence,
when this great measure was under con
sideration, there might have been the same
opposition to the bill that there is today.
(Applause.) The only conclusion that I
can reach Is that the opposition that has
been mad by certain Interests in this
country has been powerful enough for
this committee to change their minds.
"If merely for the purpose of proclaim
ing your right to legislate as you choose
you deem It necessary to make any dis
tinction In the tariff laws df the two
countries, let it be shown by a modifica
tion of the Internal revenue laws which
shall relieve, racher than Increase, the
burdens of the islands. This means much
for the Puerto Ricans. If they are not
treated fairly. If they conceive the idea
that thoy are being treated no better than
they were under Spanish rule; if they look
with suspicion upon our professions of
friendship, they will be ready to cast off
their allegiance and join our foes when
over opportunity offers. A monarchical
government may well claim 'might makes
right, but how much more noble would
it be for this great free and liberty-loving
republic to adopt the motto, 'Right Is
might here, and must prevail.' "
Henry (dem. Tex.) followed in opposition
to the bill, which he said was more dam
nable than the laws enacted by the British
parliament against the people who In
habited the thirteen colonies prior to 1776.
Long (rop. Kan.), a member of the
ways and means committee, closed the
debate for the day with aspeech in favor
of the bill. He was a supporter of the
administration, and he would not know
ingly oppose the wishes of the president
The ways and means committee had care
fully considered tho president's recom
mendation, and had framed a bill to raise
revenue for tho island. It was a political
question, and must be met now. Puerto
Rico was prostrate. Relief could come
only by the authorization of a loan, a di
rect appropriation out of the United
States treasury, or the enactment of a
law to raise revenue. The committee con
sidered that the last method was prefer
aWe. Long said in conclusion:
"The acquisition of Puerto Rico and the
Philippines has made it possible for this
country, in the second century of its ex
istence, to extend its trade into foreign
lands and become a power on the sea as
It Is now upon land. To do this, how
ever, we must make tariffs for Puerto
Rico and the Philippines, and treaties are
being made to establish the same policy
in China. This policy does not mean free
trade in the Philippines, but it means that
the goods and ships of all nations shall be
admitted on an equality with those of the
United States. But if the minority Is
right, we can do nothing except extend
the customs and revenue laws to the
islands, and absolute free trade is the
result Spain, under the treaty, for 10
years can take her goods and merchandise
there free. Once there, we would be pow
erless to place a tariff upon her goods
coming from those islands into the United
States. On the fate of this bill depends
the future policy of the administration in
relation to our trade with the Philippines
and the far East"
The president's message, transmitting
tho reply of the secretary of state rela
tive to the Macrum resolution, was read.
At 5 o'olock the house adjourned.
In the Senate.
Penrose (rep. Pa.) this morning gave
notice in the senate that on Washington's
birthday, immediately after the reading
of Washington's farewell address by For
aker, he would call up the senate reso
lution providing that Quay Is not entitled
to take his seat in this body as senator
from the state of Pennsylvania, Penrose
directed attention to the fact that the
question involved was one of privilege,
and intimated, therefore, that It would
take precedence over other matters.
The following bills were passed: Au
thorizing the Cape N"ome Transportation,
Bridge & Development Company to con
struct a bridge across the Snake river at
Nome City, Alaska: to Incorporate the
American National Red Cross: to pay to
James and William Crooks, of Canada,
$3030 damages on account of the seizure
of the vessel Lord Nelson In 1812. The
bill reported carried 4 per cent Interest
amounting to $17,000, but as the payment
of Interest was strongly antagonized, that
part of the bill was stricken out.
Consideration of the Hawaiian govern
ment will was resumed. In lieu of an
amendment offered by Clark (rep. Wvo.).
Morgan (dem. Ala.) presented a substi
tute for section 75 of the bill, providing
that the secretary of the interior should
make an Investigation of the public land
laws of Hawaii, and that the secretary
of agriculture should make an examina
tion and report the agricultural and for
estry conditions, $5500 to be appropriated
for each of the investigations. The sub
stitute was agreed to.
Piatt (rep. Conn.) offered amendment!
to section SI of the bill .providing that the
president, and not the governor of the
territory, shall appoint the chief justice
and justices of the supreme court, and the
judges of the circuit court, and that thu
tenure of office of such appointees should
be four instead of nine years. Piatt made
an extended argument In support of his
amendments, holding that the proposi
tions as to the appointment of officials
and the tenure of office were radically
different from those Incorporated In any
previous enacting act for a territory
Cullom (rep. 111.), in charge of the meas
ure, defended the action of the commit
tee in placing the aopointments referred
to In the hands of the covernor and not
the president In justification of the com
mittee s action, he eaid the governmpnt
of Hawaii, when the terrltorv was ac
quired by the United States, was one of
the best republican forms of government
in existence, and that it was the desire
cf the committee to afford the people nf
Hawaii as full and free government a3
could be extended to them in the circum
In opposition to the proposed amend
ment Morsjan reviewed the s'tuatlon is
the Hawaiian commission found it on the
islands, and argued that the justices men
tioned in the amendment should have
longer tenure of office than four years, as
in that time no man a stranger to Hawaii
could master the customs, institutions and
language of the people. He did not ap
prove making those positions political foot
balls. Referring to Piatt's argument that
the propositions of the bill we-e different
from what had ever been applied to a
territory, he said:
"That ought to make uo difference. If
this government Is never to do anything
that it never did before. we lt down and
become thoroughly stale. Whether you
call k expansion or something else. I am
in favor of lifting up this government and
our institutions, and pressing onward day
In the course of hl? argument. Morgan
was interrupted by Tillman (dem. S. C),
who wanted to know how many registered
voters there were in Hawaii at the pres
ent time. He thought about 4000, com
posed largely of Americans, Germans and
other white foreigners. -
Cullom Interjected the information that
in 1890 the voters numbered about 10,000.
At this point, Wolcott (rep. Colo.) ex
preesed a desire to make a "suggestion"
to Tillman. He then called attention to
the small vote cast in South Carolina in
proportion to the population at the last
general election. Tillman attempted to.re
ply, but Morgan, who held the floor, re
fused to yield, whereupon Tillman, re
torted sharply: "Of course, I shall have
to yield under such a gag rule, I sup
pose." Without ooncludlng, Morgan yielded for
an executive session at 4:20 P. M., and the
senate, at 4:45 P. M adjourned.
A CONFERENCE ON TRUSTS.
Discussed the Economic Effects of In
NEW YORK, Feb. 21. The conference
on trusts before the People's Institute
In co-operation with the Cooper Union,
was continued last night In the hall of
tho union when "The Economic Effects of
Industrial Combination" formed the- topic
The first speaker on the economic cus
toms involved in industrial combinations
was W. H. Baldwin, jr., president of the
Long Island railroad, who elucidated the
meaning of the term "trust" In the first
place,- he said, a trust was a combination
of capital In order to purchase raw ma
terial; secondly, to pay a high rate ot
wages, and, thirdly, to sell at a lower
price than could be offered by any smaller
combination of capital. That, said Mr.
Baldwin, was the only kind of trust, either
economic or political, that could survive
public opinion or the final analysis of the
great question of trusts.
Mr. Baldwin drew a parallel between
the rate of wages paid In the times of
small railroads, when the average was
$60 a month, and the present rate, as cer
tified to by Mr. Arthur, of $150 to $225 a
month for engineers working from seven
to eight hours a day, which latter result,
he said, was only possible under the com
bination of railroad interests and econ
omies of operation that could be brought
about under no other conditions. Mr.
Baldwin gave It as his opinion that the
Onward current toward combinations
could not be stopped, and that the aim
must be to control the trust and to guide
It along so as to make it serve for tho
Professor F. W. Taussig, of Harvard
university, drew the distinction between
public service industries and Industrial
combinations, taking the ground In oppo
sition to Bourke Cockran that there were
such tilings as partial monopolies. He
said that it was characteristic of smaller
combinations that they were under single
management under the watchful eye of
the man whose pocket was affected by the
methods employed. The test of the large
combinations, he said, was whether they
could survivo under hired management,
and he contended that some of the al
leged advantages of combinations on a
large scale were illusory. He defended a
telephone monopoly, and said that several
competing systems would work as great
harm as if there were several postal
systems. He said that cities could regu
late such monopolies when franchises
were to be granted.
Professor Taussig said that neither the
protective tariff, railway conditions that
gave advantages to large shippers, nor the
reckless offering of corporate privileges in
some state was to blame for present con
ditions; but that altogether were In a
large measure responsible. Mere prohi
bition, he said, could accomplish nothing.
It led only to legislative hair-splitting and
evasion, yet this was the path that the
United States and the various states had
followed with conspicuous failure. He
cautioned patience, quiet, the "belief in
the ultimate 'triumph of right and every
effort to improve the machinery of gov
ernment and explanation as the remedies
that would work out the general welfare,
John S. Croshy, the single-taxer, said
that the sole business of the government
is to establish justice and not to lend its
powers for private purposes. In arraign
ing Wall street and stock gambling, Mr.
Crosby said that the government was re
sponsible for the worst form of gambling,
that of stocks, while It often sought to
stop boys from "shooting craps."
THE RUNNING RACES.
Yesterday's AVinn-ers at Tanfocan
and Sew Orleans.
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 2L The weath
er was fine at Tanforan today, and the
track was sloppy. The results were:
Five and a half furlongs Beautiful BUI
won, Isaline second. Red Cherry third;
One mile Cormorant won. Sly second,
Charles Lebel third; time, 1:45.
One mile None Such won, Orion second,
Milt Young third; time, 1:474.
Seven furlongs Lavator won, Montal
lade second, Mary Kliisella third; time.
Six furlongs Potente won, Dr. Sheppard
second, Harry Thoburn third; time, 1:16.
Seven furlongs Loving Cup won, Katlo
Gibbons second, Alleviate third; time,
Races nt Sew Orleans.
NEW ORLEANS, Feb. 21. Troubaline
was the only winning favorite today. The
Seven furlongs Trebor won, Swordsman
second, Eva Wilson third; time, 1:324.
Half-mile St Marcos won, Zack Ford
second, Ben Magen third; time, 0:51.
Steeplechase, short course Jack Hayes
won, Phil Becker second, Chenlor third;
Mile and a quarter Sydney Lucas won.
Donna Rita second, Blltheful third; time,
Six furlongs, selling Troubaline won,
Zaza second, Flyletta third, time, 1:1S.
One mile, selling Caviar won. Right
Bower second, Lomond third; time, 1:454.
Amateur Pigvon Shoot.
GARDEN CITY, L. I., Feb. 21. The con
test for the amateur pigeon - shooting
championship of 1900 began here today,
and will be brought to a conclusion to
morrow. The conditions governing this
annual contest are as follows: One hun
dred birds, $100; money to be divided, 40,
25, 15 and 10 per cent, respectively, to the
four highest, and 10 per cent to be re
tained by the club. Following are the
scores: Bradley, 50 straight kills; Duryea,
37, Welch, 47; Elliott Kirkover and Payn
ter, 46 each; G. E. Paynter, Roberts, Stan
ley and Scott, 43 each. At the conclusion
of the 50th round the shoot was postponed
Schedule of Tennis Tournaments.
NEW YORK, Feb. 21. The United
States Lawn Tennis Association held its
annual meeting in this city tonight The
meeting waa preceded by a dinner. The
schedule of tournaments, adopted today.
Includes the following meetings:
April 2S Intersehotastic, Harvard, Yale,
Princeton, Columbia, Pennsylvania and
university of Chicago.
September 5 Pacific states champion
ship, doubles and ladies' singles.
August 14 Tacoma Tennis Club, Taco
Tvfenty-five Round Fight.
BUTTE. Mont, Feb. 21. William Ogles
by, of Helena, and Chester Lever, of
Butte, fought 26 rounds here tonight
Lever did the hardest hitting, hut Oglesby
outpointed him by clever get-aways and
his blocks and counters. The referee gave
Oglesby the decision.
Jack: Root's Challenge.
CHICAGO, Feb. 21. L. M. Housman,
manager of Jack Root, today issued a
sweeping challenge, in which he agrees to
back Root against any middle-weight in
the world, Kid McCoy or Tommy Ryan
preferred, for any part of $5000.
WHAT WELLCOME SPENT
CLARK'S MANAGER PRODTTCEDHIS
BANKBOOK AT SENATE HEARING.
His Expenditures During- the Cam
paign Were About 25,000 The
Dlsbnrmcnt Trial. ,
WASHINGTON. Feb. . 2L John R.
Wellcome, Senator Clark's manager in his
senatorial contest, was the only witness
before the senate committee In the Clark
caso today. His testimony was at no time
startling. Mr. Wellcome placed his ex
penditures for the senatorial campaign, at
not to exceed $25,000, and at the request
of the committee produced his bank book
and old checks to substantiate this
statement These documents were taken
In hand by a subcommittee, and were not
made public. He said he suspected Mr.
Daly of supplying the money used In tho
Whiteside exposure. He also said he had
concluded that the Montana supreme
court was prejudiced against him, and
that this was the reason why ho had not
gone on the stand in his disbarment trial.
At the conclusion of the day's sitting it
was announced that Senator Clark's son,
C W. Clark, would go on the stand to
Mr. Faulkner resumed his questioning
upon specific allegations by witnesses for
the prosecution Involving the name of
Wellcome. The first questions brought
out, as they were Intended to, only de
nials, but these were unexpectedly cur
tailed and the witness was turned over
to the prosecution at an early hour in
the day. The first question related to the
testimony of Mark Hewitt, the essential
parts of which were contradicted.
Faulkner asked: "What amount of
money did you uso during the senatorial
Wellcome replied: "I can't state the
amount with exactness, but I think I
spent from $20,000 to $25,000. I know what
I used upon my own checks, but in addi
tion I got money at different times from
C. W. Clark, and also let him have
money. We kept no account whatever, so
that It would be next to Impossible to
give exact figures. On my own account I
checked out $15,000."
"How did you spend this money?"
"On tho lobby; bringing people to Hel
ena; defraying their expenses there, and
also paying them often so much per diem.
My experience, limited though it is, is
that in politics you never get returns
from more than one-quarter of the money
"Was any part of the money paid to any
member of the legislature for the purpose
of Influencing votes?"
"Not a dollar."
Here the examinatlon-ln-chlef was con
cluded, and Mr. Campbell took the wit
ness. "Did you pay any of this money to any
member of the legislature?" he asked, as
his first question.
"No, sir; not a dollar," was the reply.
He said he had kept no memorandum
of his expenditures, but that he could
name some of tho persons to whom, he
had given money. A. J. Steele was one
of these. He had given that gentleman
from $3000 to $7000. Mr. Wellcome said
that ho had no personal knowledge of
Charles Clark's purchase of land from
State Senator Warner, but had heard ru
mors of such a transaction.
Mr. Wellcome said that he had pro
cured the $15,000 on his checks from the
Montana National bank, drawn on the
bank of Clark Brothers. He had drawn
$10,000 at one time and $5000 at another,
and had taken some big bills, some of
denominations of $500 and $1000.
"What was the necessity of drawing so
much money at one time?" asked Mr.
"I did It because I was told that there
was a .large lobby there, and considerable
money would be needed. I got large sums
at ono time to avoid inconvenience.""
"Was It any more Inconvenient to go to
the bank and get checks cashed than to
go for change for large bills?"
"Not a bit; but there was no necessity
for several checks. I thought It more
desirable to give large checks than sev
eral small ones."
Asked for information as to his stay In
Helena after Clark's election. Wellcome
said It related to the effort to get cor
poration bills 132 and 134 through. He
said there was an item of'$S300 In his ac
counting in this case that he would not
want to go into, because it involved his
relation as attorney to his client, the Bos
ton & Montana Company.
"Was any part of that sum thrown over
Senator Geiger's transom?" asked Senator
"It was not," was the reply.
Campbell asked Wellcome why he had
not testified In his own defense in the
case for his disbarment before the Mon
tana supreme court.
"My reason was," he said, "that I con
sidered it absolutely useless to go on the
stand, because I believed the supreme
court had made up Its mind as to how to
decide the case, and that no testimony
would have made any difference."
"You were willing, then, to rest under
the Imputation cast upon you without say
ing anything In your own behalf?"
"I was; I was willing to leave it to the
people of Montana."
"How could you expect a favorable ver
dict from the people, when you made no
"Tho people know that the court was
not unbiased in the matter. It was a
topic of common conversation."
He gave as his reason for believing that
the court was prejudiced against him the
court's decision upon the preliminary
question of the demurrer which was filed
In that case.
"As a lawyer," he said, "I felt that
there must be some reason why the
court wanted to take cognizance of the
matter, and was convinced that the court
was prejudiced agafiist me."
Mr. Wellcome said he had heard during
the campaign that there would be an effort
on the part of the Daly party to buy
Clark's votes away from him when It be
came evident that he had votes enough
to eject He had not otherwise talked of
bribery, and If there was any bribery, di
rect or Indirect, on the part of the Clark
people, he had known nothing of it. He
had talked more or less with Charley
Clark about the expenditure of money In
their contest, but no more than to dlscu&s
whether money should De spent here and
there, or to refer to the fact that their
fund was disappearing rather rapidly. In
referring to his testimony before tho grard
jury of Lewis and Clark county, Mr.
Wellcome said his statement made then
that he was a disbursing agent for Sen
ator Clark, was not meant In the sense
of having been employed or authorized by
Clark to disburse money for him. Well
come said that for a time In Helena his
expenses amounted to about $1000 a day.
He had at least 100 men there.
Campbell tried to draw from Wellcome
admissions concerning his interviews with
Whiteside and State Senator Clark, of
Madison, but he would admit nothing more
than meeting them. He could remember
nothing that had been said.
."But," he added, "1 remember some
things that were not said."
The witness admitted that he had di
rected his efforts to formulate republican
opinion In favor of Clark's candidacy,
and he thought It probable that he had
asked republican members to vote for him
to break the deadlock. He had been In
formed of the decision of the republican
caucus as soon as It was announced.
After the recess, Mr. Wellcome appeared
with his bank book and vouchers, showing
expenditures of money made by him dur
ing the Montana campaign. The defense
did not offer these papers as evidence and
the prosecution announced that It would
not ask for the introduction of them. The
Committee decided to examine the ac
counts through a subcommltee, consisting
of Senators Chandler and Caffery.
The witness, in reply to questions, said
he had only seen the $30,000 used by Whltev
side la his exposure at his disbarment
trial, and that he had not furnished the
"Your theory, I understand, is that the
money was furnished by some member
of the opposition?" suggested Senator
"That Is the theory," replied the wit
ness. "Now, ,give us the names of the persons
you suspeot, taking the widest latitude."
"I would not go further than Mr. Daly
himself, but I might suspect Mr. Tuohy,
Mr. .Flllan, Mr. Harrlty, Mr. Whiteside
himself or any member of the Silver Bow
delegation as an intermediary."
Mr. Wellcome said that after, his elec
tion, Mr. Clark had given him $5000 for
his services, and that he had also been
paid $5000 by others for his work in tho
interest of legislation. His partner, Mr.
RQtt had received $2500 from Mr. Clark
for legal services in the Wellcome dis
In reply to Senator Turley, the witness
said that the friends of Senator Clark had
made an effort, after the Whiteside expo
sure, to trace the source whence the $30,
000 had been received, but had not suc
"You did hot than get unquestionable
proof of conspiracy?"
"I doubt It"
"Did ycu get proof sufficient to convince
a. fair-minded man, regardless o'f court
"I could not say as to that."
Mr. Wellcome was then excused, Mr.
Faulkner saying he would call C. W.
Clark tomorrow, and the committee adjourned.
CANAL BILL IN TUB HOUSE.
May Be Passed Before the Senate
Acts on the Treaty.
NEW YORK, Feb. 21. A special to the
Herald from Washington says:
It is possible that the Hepburn Nica
ragua canal bill may be passed by the
house of represewtatlves, and it may even
become a law before the senate acts on
the Hay-Pauncefote treaty. Representa
tive Hepburn Is determined to press the
bill at every opportunity. It is expected
that the committee on rules will report
Mr. Hepburn's resolution favorably,
though It Is possible that some change
may be made in the date that he has
fixed for tha consideration of the bill. Mr.
Hepburn and many of the advocates of
the canal bill In both houses of congress
are in favor of passing the pending bill
containing the authorization of the forti
fication of the canal, without regard to
the aotfon of the senate on tho "pending
In speaking of this subject, Mr. Hep
burn said it would make no material dif
ference whether the treaty was ratified
or not If it sihould be agreed to by the
senate, and It should be determined that
tho president had no power under the
treaty to fortify the canal, 'he need not
act under the authority given him to erect
fortifications. Ho thought it would be
well for congress to give the president all
the authority that he could possibly
Samoan Claims Treaty Ratified.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 21. The senate In
executive session today ratified the
treaty between the United States, Great
Britain and Germany, affecting claims
growing out of the joint control of the
Samoan islands. This treaty was a sepa
rate document from the political agree
ment dividing tho authority over the is
lands. FRENCH RECIPROCITY TREATY.
Foreign Relations Committee Hc
potrts It Favorably.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 21. The senate
committee on foreign relations today or
dered a favorable report on the treaty
of reciprocity with France. No amend
ment was made to tho treaty. The com
mittee did not take up the Hay-Pauncefote
treaty, relating to tho Nicaragua
Today's executive seesion Of the senate
developed 'a sharp difference of opinion
between the committee on foreign rela
tione and the committee on finance of that
body on the treaty. Senator Davis, chair
man of the foreign relations committee,
reported the action of his committee fa
vorable to the treaty, and had no sooner
done so than Senator Aldrlch, chairman
of the finance committee, representing ele
ments opposed to the treaty, moved the
reference of the treaty to his committee.
Senator Davis met this motion with a
point of order against present considera
tion, and the matter went over until the
executive session. Senator Aldrlch takes
the position that as tne treaty directly
affects tho tariff, It should be considered
by the finance committee, while members'
of the foreign relations contend for ju
risdiction over all treaties. Senator Cul
lom has taken an advanced position on
this point, and he and others are prepared
for a bitter contest of Mr. Aldrich's mo
tion. Free Maps for Schools.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 2L Representa
tive Lentz, of Ohio, today introduced in
the house a bill to provide for the public
distribution of a United States map to all
schools In the United States.
MARKETS OF SIBERIA.
Asiatic Russia a Consumer, Not a
BERLIN, Feb. 21. William Mitchell
Bunker, of San Francisco, who, since
March last has been ..traveling in the in
terest of the San Francisco chamber of
commerce, i3 now in Berlin on his way to
the United States. In the course of his
journey in the East he made a close study
of the trans-Siberian railroad, as related
to American trade. To the correspondent
of the Associated Press today, Mr. Bun
"I found no ground for the fear that
Siberia will become a serious competitor
in the matter of wheat. The fact is that
tho wheat in Eastern Siberia is inferior.
Even when grown from California seed
it degenerates tho first year. Everywhere
along the Amoor I found at the landings
piles of American flour. So far as" lumber
is concerned, despite the abundance of for
ests from. Vladlvostock to tho Ural, tho
trees are small, and roost of tho lumber
comes from Puget sound. Thus far the
railway has benefited the United States
more than all Europe combined, with the
exception of Russia, as we are supplying
rolling stock, lumber and flour, and the
road will continue to benefit the United
States more than Europe.
"Russia has a large military force In Si
beria, and keeps pushing her advantages.
The Americans there are well treated.
Many of them are engaged In exploring
for gold, particularly the seashore depos
its." Fails With Heavy LlnuIUtten.
CHICAGO, Feb. 21. H. S. Bright, of
Superior, Wis., was named receiver for the
large properties of James Stmson. 413$
Drexel boulevard, by Judge Kohlsaat, sit
ting In the United States circuit court.
Mr. Stlmson's assets are not stated. His
liabilities are put at $800,000. An intima
tion that Mr. Stlmson's" affairs were not
In satisfactory shape was given recently
when his bank at Hamilton, Ont, was
closed. He takes a hopeful view of the
s'tuatton, however, and says he believes
h!s properties will meet all obligations and
leave a surplus.
The action taken before Judge Kohlsaat
was on the petition of Rufus B. Smith,
ofMadlson. Wla. who holds a claim for
w0ai against the defendant.
German Meat-Inspection Bilf.
BERLIN, Feb. 21. The relchstag com
mittee finished the second reading of tho
meat-inspection bill today, and the meas
ure, In its new shape, was adopted by
all the members of tho committee. Gen
erally speaking, the amended form is
quite as severe in its application to
American meats as was the original form,
hut the bundesrath is allowed a certain
discretion which Is considered favorable.
NATIONAL CELEBRITIES .
Declare Peruna to Be The Greatest Catarrh
Remedy of the Age.
JP. . A yv-ra
v-vu vji KHiJi".
VUOfWV fiJimiMMinKi upm
fij CHIBP JUSTICE i
g iLruiiDcm, sr aunusi, m H
H Says: "I can recommend Kfg
H veruna as one or tne very m m
U best remedies for catarrh, ill
H I recommend Peruna to alt &g
s sunerers." m
1 JWfflyffl&m ;
1 dwSm !
vixur jTto jmmmi
m ' la I il "tSS&SSflp
11 V ,r4rH AEr91i I
Wm k VjW ,ACTUfei
I8L jf? ,2ECSlii
Ask your druggist for a free Peruna Alamanac for the yaw 1800.
ANOTHER SUBSIDY BILL
SUBSTITUTE FOR THE PAXXE-HANXA
Dfrarvn Up ly Republican Congress
menHow It Differs From
the Other BUI.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 2L Four of the
republican members of the house commit
tee' on merchant marine and fisheries,
who have differed with their associates on
the terms of the shipping MH, foday
crinxnleted. a substitute b111. which was
Introduced by Representative "Mitten of l
Wisconsin, those acquiescing with him m I
tho measure being: btevens of Minnesota,
Jones of Washington, and Fordney of
Michigan. The bill follows the general
plan of the Original, but makes a number
of amendments. The most important of
those, as summed up by Stevens and
I Minor, are:
"Tho period of the suasldy is limited so
that vessels bulk since January 1, 1800,
shaSl have a subrfdy for 30 years, with
tho full rate for the first 10 years, and a
slight decrease for the remaining 10 years'.
"Vessels built before January 1, 1000, have
the full subsidy for 10 years. The orig
inal bill fixes 20 yeans as the period of
"The substitute blH also provides that
vessels outwardJbound shall carry a cargo
aggregating one-half of the gross tonnage
for which they draw compensation making
allowance of space for tonnage, so that
perishable goods and light -manufactured
goodh shall be regulated by space instead
of weight. Reductions for passenger and
mail space on passenger steamers are
made in order to ascertain cargo ca
pacity. "Another change places all vessels built
abroad on tho same basis In respect to
compensation, Instead of classifying them-.
In determining compensation the test for
speed is increased from four to six hours,
with average speed for that time. There
Is a prohibition against payment of com
pensation to any vessel peculiarly con
structed for transportation of mineral oils
"As a means of eliminating old and un
serviceaWe vessels, provision Is made that
all vessels receiving compensation shall
receive and; maintain the highest classifi
cation. In the Lloyd's or some standard
register. There Is a provision for the ad
mission to American registry of all rnips
purchased abroad by the United States
during the war with Spain, and now un
der the American flag. It is also provided
that there shall be an Inspection ' and
classification of vessels needed for gov-
ernment purposes, and an approval of
naval officers. Such vessels shall not be
sold outside of the United States without
consent of the government.
THE MINING TROUBLES. ,
Continuation of the Investigation ly
the House Committee.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 21. Investigation
of the mining troubles and the conduct
of the United States forces in Idaho
last summer continued today before the
house committee on military affairs.
Frederick C Robertson resumed his nar
rative, begun yesterday, beginning wi,tn
the legal proceedings he made in "behalf
of the imprisoned miners and the diffi
culties he claims to have encountered
from the military authorities, state offi
cials and court.
Ho said he was refused permission to be
present at the inquest of those killed dur
ing the outbreak and was unable to com
municate with the accused miners as to
their rights, although representatives of
the mining company were present. He
protested to the attorney-general that the
miners were being denied the right of
counsel. Throughout these proceedings
the witness said the military authorities
were in control of affairs, United States
soldiers guarding imprisoned men, bring
ing them to and from court. The wlt
nmi en'rt fhat (General Merriam was in
charge of the "bull pen," whkih. consisted !
of old buildings and boxcars eurrounaea
by wire fence.
Robertson expressed the opinion that
the United States forces should aave been
used to preserve order and uphold the civil
authorities, but, in fact, he declared they
superseded tho civil authorities and in
some Instances, which were not detailed,
arrested men In no way connected with
the outbreak. He said there were no
warrants and none of the usual forms of
law, but when a man was wanted he
was stopped on the street and sent t the
"bull pen. This was done by deputies wbo
acted under the state officials and mili
tary authorities. The witness will pro
ceed w.tb his statement tomorrow.
Messrs. Morrow and Fursueth, of the
American Federation of Labor, were pre$- I
Hon. M. C. Butler, ex-Gov
ernor of South Carolina, In a
letter from Washington, D. Csayst
' I can recsinmefHt Peruna fer dys
pepsia and stomach treuMe. I have
been using yeur medicine fer a short
period and I feel very much relieved.
It Is indeed a wenderful medicine, and
besides, a great tenlc."
U. S. Senator Stephen R.
Mailory, Pewsacola, FFq., says:
" I have used yur exceftent remedy
Peruna, and can recommend It both
as a tonic and a sal's catarrh remedy."
Hon. Porter Johoson, Senator
4th District, CMy ef Chicago, III.,
writes : " I can heartily recommend
Peruna as a catarrh erndlcator. It
cures when all ether remedies fall. 1
applied to several decters, but they
Hverc not able to cure me. I took the
remedy for fifteen weeks and era now
en.Vrely cured. It has been a year and
a fnilf since I was cured, and I consider
my cure durable. "
Hon Rufus B. Merchant,
Superintendent and Disbursing
Officer, V. S. Postofflce, Wash-
Ington, D. C, says : " I take pleasure
In commencing your tonic, having
taken a- bottle ef Peruna vtfth- very
beneficial results. It Is recommended
to me as a very excellent csttfrR
The cllmatfc diseases ef winter are
mainly coughs, colds, catarrh, bron
chitis, tonsllltls Peruna Is an abso
lute specific for all ef these affections.
Peruna will cure a cough or cold In a
very few days. Peruna will cure
chronic catarrh of years' standing In
a few weeks.
ent during the hearhtr today, and Presi
dent Gompers la expected to attend when
Brevet Promotions far SHmmers and
WASSHIWGTOSf. Feb. 21. The president
today seat the following nominations ta
Yoluntfaara Brigadier-General Harrison
Gray Ot to toe major-general by brevet.
Colonels to be brigadier-generals by bre-
fvSt: Owen Stammers, Harry C. Kesaler,
Wilder S. Metcalf ; Captain J. F. Case to
be major by brevet; Captain Brady Thirty-fifth
Infantry, to be surgeon with tha
rank of major; First Lieutenant Metzgprr
Thirty-fifth infantry, to be assistant sur
geon with tha rank of captain.
'CalT fer te CasoHi.
WASHINGTON, Feb. M. Representa
tive Tawney, of Minnesota, the ''repub
lican whip" of the house, has w)red all
absent republicans to be present Satur
day. This is understood to be for tha
purpose of having all republicans presert
at the conference to be held Saturday
nfghf on the Puerto Ricax tariff bill
Fell Great Oaks."
The giants of the forest must yield a.1
last to the continual hfcns of the tttoods
man. When the human Blood has Become
clogged and impwe the ttUie drops of
Hood's Sarsaparitta, property taken, naf
fell the oak of Bad Blood.
Come Just to Look
Comfe Just to Look.
Great Eastern Tea Co.
320 WanhinirtoB St., Portland.
22S First St.. Portland.
115 Grand Ave., E. Portland.
Positively cured lyj these
Tbejaborencve Distress frcro Dyspepsia,
fndfgestio and Too Hearty Eating. A per
fect remedy for Dizziness, Nausea, Drowrf
oess, Bad Taste m the Mouth, Coated Tongue
Paai Jr the Side, TORPID LIVER. Tie?
Regulate the Bowels. Purely Vegetable
f maH PHI. SmaX o9