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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 1, 1900)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, MONDAY, JANUARY 1, 1900. y
IN THE LABOR FIELD
fear Just Ended Was the Best
for Workers Since 1892.
LENTY OF EMPLOYMENT FOR ALL
Portland Has 23,423 "Worker, of
Whom 3835 Belong to Union and
10,590 So Jot Wssea Paid.
The year 3893 -witnessed an Improvement
the condition of the labor market in
Portland. The war in the Philippines re
ared the pressure to a certain extent.
:le the revival of the lumber business
eutseveral hundred men to tvprk in the
Ity and In the logging camps along the
jast. Railroad extensions in Eastern
regon, Washington and Idaho required
s-bout 5000 men, and all able-bodied labor
srs who desired employment found an op
portunity to work. The discovery of new
lnes in the Northwest furnished employ-
lent for hundreds of others. Thus Port-
was relieved of several thousand men
rho had come hither to seek employment
id glut the labor market.
; Borne lines of labor have received an
Idvance in wages and others have se
cured shorter hours, which Is equivalent to
advance. Building tradesmen were em-
ilojed more days during 1S39 than during
le previous year, and, perhaps, more
lays than during any year since ISSZ.
)ne index to the improved condition is
the labor organizations. There have
een more labor organizations in Portland
there are at present, and there was
time when the rosters of the several
iions showed more members than at
resen but there are more labor unions
the city at the beginning of ISM than
lere have been at any time within the
last six i ears. Some contend that mixing
p In politics and depending too much upon
:e abi ity of political parties to help them
gut was the cause of the general collapse
the labor unions. In addition to this.
:e financial depression and the shutting
town of many industries threw men out
if employment. These men, being unable
o obtain work, had no need of organlza-
Blons, and no money to pay dues. Sur-
penders of charters resulted. But during
99 old unions increased their membership
id new ones were formed. All members
:lt that conditions were better at the
Iiose of 1S99 than at the beginning, no
itter what the cause.
Membership of Labor Organisations.
Owing .o the fact that some of the
lions will not make public their mem
berships it is difficult to give exact flg-
res. It is believed that the following, re
sorted by the organizations, will be found
! Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners
If America, local. No. 60. Membership.
I Painters, Paper-Hangers and Deco
rators' Union, No. 3. Membership, 250.
Bricklajers' International Union, No. 1.
Journeymen Plumbers' and Gasfltters
30dation, local. No. EL Membership,
! Stonecutters' Association of North Amer-
Amalgamated Sheet Metal Workers In-
srnatlonal Association, No. 16. Member-
! International Association of Machinists,
iO. tss. Memoersnip, so.
Theatrical Mechanics' Association. Mem-
I Brewers' Local Union, No. 63, Member-
Betail Clerks' Association. Membershin.
Multnomah Typographical Union, No.
f PorUand Printing Pressmen's Union, No.
I Cooks' and Waiters' Association. Man-
! Stevedores', Longshoremen and Riggers
rnlon, No. L Membership. 250.
Laborers' Protective Union. No. 1. Afem-
j Amalgamated Association of Meatcut-
2rs, No. 3. Membership. 25.
Lumber Mill Workers' Union. Kcl i
the Northwest. MembershlD. 800.
xsrotnernoa or iJoiier-Makers. Member-
Ironmo'ders' Union, No. 129. Member-
Master Barbers' Association. Member.
I Journeymen Barbers' Union. Member-
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen, J.
jia-jnara loage, jno. ZS2. Membership.
13nVpr . . . IKft
Longshoremen 50 j-
common laborers .......... 5,000
Garment-workers (including sewing
Street-car men 250
Lumber-mill workers 700
Boiler-makers i , 25
Elevator operators 200
Car repairers 50
Hotel runners ,. 20
Telephone girls 200
The foregoing figures, may seem large,
but a careful poll of the city justifies the
estimate made. The disorganization of
many labor unions, a part of whose busi- j
ness it was to keep a record of all work
ers, whether union or nonunion, has left j
local labor statisticians without a basis
upon which to figure, and It became neces
sary to make a systematic canvass of the
city to obtain the statistics herein quoted.
"Wagres Paid to Workers.
In arriving at the average scale of wages
paid In Portland In the different occu
pations, the union scale is given where
there is a union In that trade. The union
scale is the highest paid in all cases.
There are a few high-priced people in all
trades. The matter of hours also figures.
A day's labor in Portland ranges all the
way from 8 to 15 hours. Tradesmen say
that the street-car men have the longest
and most irregular .hours, yet they appear
to be content, and they have no organiza
tion. The hours of the butchers are from
6.30 A. M. to 6:30 P. M.
With the retail clerks, wages range from
STOCK PRICES GOOD
Prosperity in ,AII Branches of
EVEN HORSES ARE IN DEMAND
Goat Breeding: Becoming: an Impor
tant Factor The Market Ismb In
High Favor In the East
The stock Interests of Oregon were nev
er in a more healthful condition than
they are at the present time. Prices for all
classes of farm livestock during the past
year have been exceedingly good. In
fact the demand has been so great that
our stockmen were unable to rise to the
emergency and buyer after buyer was
compelled to turn away in great disap
pointment. This condition is peculiarly
gratifying to those who are engaged in
general farming. Animal husbandry in
one form or another must ultimately be
come a distinctive feature of the Ore
gon farm, thus securing the largest im
mediate profits, as well as conserving the
elements of the (fertility of the soil, as a
resource for the production of abundant
The stock Interests of the state have
been exceedingly well maintained during
the past year, as many animals of great
been given special permission to accom
pany the force on the march to the relief
of Ximberley, is no recruit going to a
baptism of fire; but is an old campaigner.
The dog distinguished himself by his cool
demeanor at Omdurman, and afterward
assisted in the pacification of Crete.
COLONEL DAVID M. DUNNE.
Collector of Internal Revenue for
the Government at Portland.
There is no man in the state who has
been more prominently connected with
the business, political and social life of
Oregon during the past 20 years than Colo
nel D. M. Dunne, the present collector
of internal revenue for tms district, with
headquarters at Portland. Colonel Durne
first of all was a success as a business
man. It was through the efforts of him
self, and his former associate, John Kelly,
that the leading firm of Kelly, Dunne &
Co., wholesale and retail dealers in
paints, oils and glass, was established In
Portland. Since the retirement of Mr,
Kelly some 10 years ago, the management
and direction of the business has fallen
on Colonel Dunne himself. It Is now con
ducted under the firm name of D. M.
Dunne & Co.
Colonel Dunne is a native of Ireland,
where he was born on October 19, 1851. He
came to the United States with his parents
in 1861. He first reached Portland In 1881,
where ho at once embarked in business.
The firm of which he Is now the head is
representative of the live and progressive
business houses of the city. This house
not only conducts a large business in job
bing trade throughout all parts of the Pa
cific Northwest, but they also manufac
ture on a large scale a number of the
staple lines carried constantly In stock.
During the past year the firm has added
a large lot of modern machinery to Its
plant, installed for grinding and manufac
turing the high-grade prepared paints ot
EXCLUSIVE JOBBER AND MANUFACTURER
STOCK INTERESTS OF THE STATE.
The following table shows tho number and assessed valuatfon of all classes of stock In Oregon by years since 1885: o
Sheep and Goats.
125,847 5287 891
136.321 236 696
93,384 214 870
94.392 308 313
NO GOODS SOLD AT RETAIL
99990999909099996999999990 00999999999999999999999999 99999999999999990999999999
$3 to 57 per week for girls, and from $7
to 510 for men. Sewing girls receive from
50 cents to 51 per day. Walters in what
are known as the 15-cent restaurants re
ceive from 56 to 57 per week, while higher
priced restaurants and hotels pay more.
First-class cooks received from 540 to 550
per month, and second cooks about 530
per month. Stenographers receive 53 to
515 per week. The garment workers are
paid by the piece, and their wages average
from 51 to 52 50 per day. With the hand
composition printers the union scale Is 53 50
per day, but outside of the union there
are few who receive as much as 52 per
day. Barbers usually work on a per
centage scale, and earn from 59 to 518 per
week. Many shops guarantee a certain
amount to their employes.
individual excellence have been introduced
for the improvement of the flocks and
its own well-known brands. The goods
manufactured by D. M. Dunne & Co, are
now sold in all Darts of the coast.
fnlrtVl 1 TlVnn. fl nn .n 4 a .. n .4 .tlt! 1 If..
The dark clouds that hung so 10
and so tenaciously over the horse-breed
ing Industry have lifted rapidly of late,
and the breeder finds himself suddenly
confronted with the fact that he is totally
unprepared to meet the demand for first
class horses at an advance In price of
fully 100 per cent over that which he
could have obtained three years ago.
Even the ubiquitous bunch-grass pony
which is regarded as a pest in some lo
calities, has contributed a snug sum to
the circulating medium of the state. Sev
eral thousand head have been slaughtered
at the Ldnnton abattoir in the past sea- 1
the important offico of county commission
er of Multnomah, succeeding the Hon. H.
W. Corbett. It was largely due to the
efforts of Colonel Dunne that the present
complete Armory of the Oregon National
Guard was built in Portland. He was one
of the presidential electors from Oregon in
1892, the time of Harrison's election. He
filled the Important position of comma-sary-general
during Governor Lord's ad
ministration, and he is now on the staff of
the present governor, T. T. Geer, with
the rank of colonel.
While county commissioner. Colonel
GAMBRINUS BREWING CO.
A Word About the Ingredients Used
in Its Manufactured Product.
..52 00 to 52 50
! Brotherhood of Trainmen, Sunset lodge
so. 130 MembershlD. S00. '
Marine Engineers, Beneficial Associat
ion, Iso. L MembershlD. 100.
'Order of Railway Conductors, Mount
tood division. No. 9L Memoershln ?
j Total membership reported, 3835.
Daily wages paid In the following oo-
wpiuuua on jroruana in 1893 was:
Brlcklaers (R hniirsi
("lumbers '.'.'.'.'."'. 2 50 to
Plasterers a zn t
pectr cal workers 2 50 to
tonecjtters 4 00 to
jfceet metal workers
loopers 2 00 tn
iLorseshoers 2 50 to
acksmiths ? sn
fheatrlcal hands (not actors).. 2 00 to
hAtnfl j.1l... r ,. "" -
-V.-1.U. i i-ieins iwe&KJVi t m in m
Shoemakers 9 m
linotype operators 4 00 to 4 50
raters (hand) union "" bo
rlnters (hand) nonunion l 00 to 2 oa
fressmen 7L Sen
llgarmakers rv . Si
Cuslcians 3 00 to 5 M
OOKS 1 tt) tr, onn
longshoremen a on tn r
frwix -uujj lauorers ............... 1 50 to
s.u.s.i rivers ...................
sailors "III!!""" 9 nn
feather workers ! '
The Federated Trades Assembly is the
si-trai organization in Portland, to which
e majority of the labor unions hnn..
the trades assembly is composed of dele
lies irom ttie several unions, all nrran.
iations having an eaual voice. Its numoN
lal strergth is the strength of the mem-
jrszup 01 tne unions represented therein.
is a member of the American Trpflom.
gon of Labor, the latter organization be-
r tne central body of all labor unions
the United States. The number of
Ion men represented In Portland central
anizauon is auout 3000.
Army of Konnnlon "Worker.
It is estimated that the workers In th
ty who belong to no organization will be
puna zo oe as xouows:
Bid 'iriuu wuiteia ........ K(l
eet-me.al workers rn
rcwers . .............. in
Utah clerks (Including girls) 1,000
tgar makers ........................ 20
kmestics and waiters ., ?000
The majority of beer-drlnklng people
have a very vague idea of what in
gredients there are contained in the brew
ing of Gambrinus beer. In order to in
form them and to show them the good
character 01 our product an analysis is
herewith submitted for their perusal. A
genuine malt beer not only serves as a
cooling and refreshing summer drink, but
is also healthy nourishment for people In
delicate health, lor mothers nursing babes
and for their little ones, as it enriches and
animates their blood, bringing back the
bloom of health to their cheeks. Gam
brinus beer as the analysis shows, Is not
an alcoholic stimulant as the teetotalers
are teaching erroneously. Patrons will
feel satisfied alter perusing this article
that the statements here mado in regard
to Gambrinus beer are correct and otner
true temperance people will be convinced
that the beverage possesses none but
The following taken from the Scientific
department of the Brewers' Journal will
prove of Interest to all lovers of the
ANALYSIS OIT THE GAMBRINUS
We have examined your Gambrinus beer
sent U3 for analysis and have obtained the
Specific gravity of beer, free from car
bonlo acid, 1MAA.
The beer contains In 100 parts by weight:
Alconol 3 993 per cent
Kxtract 7.834 per cent
Water 88.167 per cent
100.000 per cent
The extract contains:
Albuminoids ... 0 561
Other extractive substances .1.457
100 parts of the ashes contain 4.77 per
cent sulphuric acid and 35 41 per cent
The small percentage of sulphurio acid
taken Into consideration with the high
percentage of phosphoric acid in the ashes
and the normal quantity of albuminoids
found, prove that this beer is a pure malt
beer and free from substitutes. Regard
ing the general composition of the beer
it compares well with other export lager
oeers. or wnicn we give the relation of
alcohol extract and ashes as follows:
Professor Koenlg "gives as average for
export beer the following figures:
Specific erav.ty 1.0237
Albuminoids , o.TIO
Percentage of phosphoric acid in
ashes , 27.00
Salicylic acid, boric acid and sulphurous
add, which are used as preservatives
-were not found in this beer. Tours re
spectfully, Scientific Dep't., Brewers' Journal,
Per Dr. H. Endemann, M. A. C. S.
eon, and the flesh sent to Europe to be i Dunna was instrumental in systematizing
consumed by the poorer, classes.
The market value of flesh-producing an
imals has shown a strong upward ten
dency during the past year, and while this
condition Is true of all the various
branches of the livestock Industry, it is
no more prominently marked than In tho
case of cattle. There are no Indications
at present of a cessation of this general
stiffening of prices for cattle; neither is
it probable that it will occur for some
time to come, as the known shortage of
cattle coupled with an unprecedented de
mand Insures to the cattle-grower a long
period of prosperity. The fact that range
cattle are bringing 4 cents per pound
gross, at the close of the grazing season,
calves 510 to 515 each, and yearlings 515 to
520 each, is of more than ordinary sig
nificance to the stockgrower.
This prosperity extends to the mutton
grower as well as to the beefraiser. The
flock master's satisfaction should be com
plete as it is no longer a question as to
how he may best dispose of his stock,
but rather how he shall resist the tempt
ing offers made by those who are so
anxious to purchase Oregon Is admirably
adapted for the economical production of
mutton both on the range and on the
farm. The 1899 season was an exception
ally favorable one to the sheep-breeder.
His wool crop has been disposed of at a
good figure and stock sheep and lambs
have been in good demand. Range stock
sheep selling near to the 54 mark, and
lambs at 52 50 each, means contentment
and prosperity of the flockmaster. The
market lamb is fast becoming a distinc
tive feature of Eastern Oregon sheep hus
bandry. Large numbers of these range
lambs are shipped at weaning time to
Eastern markets, where they are very
' popular with the butcher and feeder.
There are but few if any summer ranges
the equal of the slopes of the Cascade
mountains for sheep grazing. The plenti
ful supply of pure wator, succulent and
nutritious grasses and enjoyable shade,
all contribute tp make the conditions
ideal for growing the plump-bodied and
flrm-fleshed lamb, which Is so popular
with the butcher and the epicure.
The hoggrower also shares in the gen
eral prosperity, and has no cause for com
plaint, as the demand for this class of
farm stock has been well maintained.
Oregon Is entitled to a better reputation
as a hog producing state than Bhe at
present enjoys. Although we have -made
shipments of hogs to other states,
there Is absolutely no excuse for train
loads of Eastern hogs coming to this
state, and this fact reflects no credit on
our farmers. But few agricultural sec
tions can produce a greater abundance or
a larger variety of hog feed than can be
grown in this state. The prudent farmer
who kept up a normal supply of this class
of stock received a rich reward last fall,
as, while his less fortunate neighbors have
been realizing but 45 cents per bushel for
their wheat, he has received 60 cents for
his, in the form ofj pork.
In keeping with other Une9 of livestock,
the goat herders have also enjoyed a
period of prosperity. This Industry in
Western Oregon Is steadily forging to the
front Recent importations have created
a renewed Interest in the industry. These
latter importations are valuable acquisi
tions to the already fine flocks owned in
the state. Mohair of an extra fine qual
ity is produced in sufficient quantities to
attract buyers. Hence, growers will have
no difficulty in disposing of their clips In
the future. This year's production of mo
hair is approximately 200,000 pounds, which
sold for about 35 cents per pound. The
goatbreeding Industry is destined to as
sume large proportions in this state, and
the 100,000 we have now is but a nucleus
for future flocks.
the road work of this county. When he
I first assumed office the moneys were all
disbursed by the road supervisors them
selves. He introduced the time-check sys
tem of payments, which has proved a
most effectual guard against the profli
gate or careless handlings of money spent
on road work. One of the most substantial
j results of Colonel Dunne's work in Port
land was the establishment of the large
1 plant of the Portland Linseed Oil Com
pany at this point a number of years ago.
Tnis is today one of the most Important
manufacturing Industries of the state, and
its establishment at Portland has been
the means of disbursing thousands of
dollars annually throughout the agricul
tural districts tributary to Portland.
In politics Colonel Dunne has always
been a stanch republican. The district
over which he presides today as collector
embraces all of Oregon, Washington and
the territory of Alaska. The report from
the treasury department, under date of
November 8 last, is authority for the state
ment that "the cash and stamps of the
Portland office of the collector of Internal
revenue are all accounted for, the records
are all written up to date, and they show
signs of having been neatly kept, and the
office force Is both competent and atten
tive to duty, and that the collector him
self gives his personal time to the man
agement of the business." In a recent, in
terview the Hon N. B. Scott, now United
States senator from West Virginia, and
lately commissioner of Internal revenue
stated that "One of the most efficient col
lectors In the country Is Mr. Dunne, of
Portland, whose business accounts always
come into the head office nl Washington
in perfect shape."
Colonel Dunne Is married, and he occu
pies a handsome home In one of the best
residence districts of Portland.
Has Secured nn Excellent Reputa
tion by Handling Superior Goods.
Without bluster or the flourish of trum
pets the wholesale liquor house of Eu
gene Hoch, located 'at 110 Fourth street,
has gradually forged to the front until
today the excellent goods handled by this
firm Is shipped to all parts of the Pa
cific Northwest. -This result has not been
achieved by the lavish use of money, a
means sometimes resorted to by dealers
for the purpose of selling Inferior whis
ky to the distributor, but solely on the
merit of the goods handled. Mr. Hoch Is
sole agent for the celebrated Old Jeff. C.
Taylor's Red Star, White Star and Blue
Star, three grades of whisky that would
make any gentleman from Kentuckv
smack his lips and wish for more. This
Is kept In barrels, half barrels and cases.
Mount Vernon Pure Rye, In cases and
bottled at the distillery, Is a splendid stim
ulant especially adapted for the home or
medicinal purposes. Mr. Hoch has secured
an Immense trade for this particular
brand. Shaw's Pure Malt Is known the
world over, and Is one of the finest whis
kies sold at present in the United States.
Mr. Hoch Is sole agent for all of these
standard goods, In addition to Repsold'a
uognac iiranciy, which Is a guarantee of
the enviable reputation enjoyed by this
house among the prominent distillers of
the United States. Supplying family trade
has always been an important branch of
this establishment, and as only the best
wines and liquors are handled, It is need
less to say that Mr. Hoch supplies most
of the connoisseurs in Portland and the
surrounding country. A view of this well
known house is shown In the colored sup
plement, In New York a company has been formed
for the manufacture of an armor for pneu
matic tires, using an unwoven, fibrous
material which is flattened out into a
wide sheet and covered on one side with
a loose-woven fabric to keep It in place,
St Paol Hoose
'24, 24J, 26 North 3d Street
Mr. Fred Hill, formerly manager of
the Quimby house, has recently taken
charge of the St. Paul house, Louis
Henrich having sold the place to Mr.
Hill and his Jriends. Mr. Hill will con
duct the place along the same lines as
were followed by Mr. Henrich.
The poolroom, bowling alley and
reading-room .will still be conducted for
the comfort and entertainment of the
guests, and the restaurant and hotel
annex will receive every attention.
Rooms and comfortable beds will be
always ready for the weary.
1 900 0 00&90009 999 99 909099090 090 0
One of the Finest Ranches
In the State of Washington
12 Miles From Vancouver
The St. Paul House
FRED HILL, Manager
20-24J, 26 North 3d Street
J. C BAY
Galvanized Iron Cornices
Groceries and Poultry. Fresh Country
Produce a Specialty.
201 CHAPMAN STREET
Thoroughly improved, well stocked, good house,
good barn, good outhouses; 17 acres in hops, fine
hophouse. All agricultural implements necessary
for cultivation. Will seli on easy terms.
Inquire or address ISAAC GRATTON
Standard Box Factory
East Washington and Water Streets
Fine Grazing Ranch
of 3100 Acr.es, near
First-class stock ranch for horses, cattle or sheep.
Fifty head of thoroughbred horses now on the
ranch will also sell. Will sell at a bargain, on
Address 5. J, &, SILAS JONES
464 Larrabee Street
Station B, Portland, Oregon
C. H. WOODARD & CO.
Dealers in Surgical Instrument,
Physicians' Supplies, etc
108 SECOND STREET
Newly furnLShed rooms: modern; transients
M. E. DcBOEST, Prop.
146) First Street
Square Dealing, Patronize
- Dr. Plummer
Pull lines of drugs, medicines, trusses, rubber
goods, perfumes. Also paints, oils, glass.
THIRD AND MADISON STS.
St. Vincent's Hospital
Modern equipment. Capacity, 200 patients. Un
der charge of Slstera of Charity ot Providence.
Gllsan and 25th Sts.
HENRY 'HTTJ.. SB.. President. JOHN HILL. Secretary.
THE OREGON IRON FENCEFOUNDRY GO.
o Ayffl Nsukw J h
ff W Wm, M
o v Vto W" xtfK tau t?iT i?aaf'
o wMSfeteJaiJcL KiSaiFl "
O XfcO-VSsaJsfiel II
CASTINGS of all Descriptions
MACHINERY a Specialty 5
TELEPHONE WHITE 59
471 East Alder Street
PORTLAND. OR. 5
J. N. MATSCHEK CANDY CO.
Front and Morrison Sts.
A Canine Veteran.
The doer of the Northumberland fusil
liens, the "fighting Fifth," which, -with the J being then folded oyer until it attains the
vvsittce; uog ot Jtiemmgums guides, naa j proper viatn.
Prof, and Madame l$ner
13K Third Street
C. M. GRAHAM
Tables, Safes, Wardrobes, Etc.
Cor. Front and Montgomery Sts.
Bond saying; planing-, turning and all kinds
of mill -work.
European Plan 60c to 51 CO per day.
American Plan 51 to $2 50.
Oscar Anderson, Manager.
J. C Pcndegast. Chfcf Clerk
A. G. LONG
Fire Apparatus and Water
, Works Supplies
Tho oldest house in this Una on tho
171 FOURTH ST. PORTLAND, OR.
Florists and Landscape Gardeners
Hardy perennial bedding plants and seeds. Con
tract In gardening, lawns. Work guar
4 anteed. Phone Green W3.
70S Gliaon, Near 23d St., Portland.
FRAZIER & (MEAN
LIVERY, FEED AND SALE
Cor. FIFTH and TAYLOR
G. G. WICKSON & CO.
Creamery builders and outfitters, Dairy and
millc dealer supplies.
141 Front St.
206-203 Aider St.