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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 1, 1900)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, MONDAY, JANUARY 1, 1900.
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Every important Place
NO BOOilS, BUT A HEALTHY, SOLID ADVANCEMENT
Cream of the People Who Are Coming West Making Homes in
This StateMunicipal Extravagance Not a Feature of the
Present Era of Prosperity
All thexltles of Oregon are growing. It
is not boom growth, but healthy, perma
nent advancement. In nearly every town
in the state the demand for dwellings ex
ceeds the supply, notwithstanding that
considerable building was done last year
to meet Increased needs. Still there baa
been no overbuilding. This may be ac
cepted as a satisfactory condition, as it
frng a tendency to force newcomers to
build new homes and to become, from the
date of their arrival, property-owners and
active participants in the affairs of the
community. This is not difficult for them
to do, as city property is not held for more
than its actual value, and material, while
more costly than it was two or three years
ago, is no higher than the values created
by demand. The newcomers are of a well-to-do
class the cream of the immigration
sow headed for the West.
Municipal growth Is not attended, in the
present period of prosperity, by munici
pal extravagance. There has been but
aomlnal increase In public expenditures
outside of appropriations for streets and
eewers and water and light plants. Towns
that had these conveniences prior to the
beginning of the good times find them
selves in position to save money. This is
notably the case at The Dalles, where
municipal business is done on a cash ba
ds, and from 53000 to $5000 yearly sunk to
meet the exigencies of the future.
No town In Oregon has grown so rapid
ly as Sumpter. A year ago It was a col
lection of huts. Today it Is a bustling
place of 2030. with no limit to Its growth in
Population of the principal towns of Or
egon, November 1, 1S99:
Portland (mayor's estimate). 100,000
Portland (directory estimate) 96,600
Baker City 7.000
Oregon City 6,000
The Dalles E.O00
la Grande 5,000
Total (directory estimate for Port
PORTZiAKD FORGIIfG AHEAD.
SXaror Storey Thlnlcs the City Haa a
Population of aOO.OOO.
The Oregonlan's request for a brief
etatement reviewing the progress of the
Adty of Portland during -the past year,-af-fords
me an opportunity to state to the
public that in my opinion our financial
condition is better at this period than it
has been for many years last past. To
substantiate this statement I will recite,
first, prices are much better in nearly all
lines than for many years. Moro building
has been done this year than In any one
year for several years. From January 1
to October SI, 1S99, there have been 225
building permits taken out for the value
of 55S9.020. This does not include the fed
eral building nor any of the dwellings
where the public streets were not used
Suring their construction. Of sewers there
has been constructed about 13,233 feet, at
a cost of about $12,000. There has been
graded and sidewalked 13,243 feet of new
street, at a cost of $17,05S 71, and we have
Improved by gravel or macadam 14,022 feet,
at a cost of $20,209 E9. There has been con
structed $10,944 feet of elevated roadway,
et a cost of S17.8CG 33.
The health of the city for the past year
has been better than for many years. Our
death rate is below that of any other city
in the United States, save three. Clos
ing with October 31, 1S39, we have regis
tered but 748 deaths, Including all patients
sent from other parts of the state and
who have died in our hospitals. This Is a
remarkable mortality record, and Is at
tributable to cleanliness of streets, effl
clent crematory service, a better class of
plumbmr, prompt measures taken by our
ci:y physician and health officers, and last,
but not least, our magnificent Bull Run
A few large factories have been con
structed and there is a good prospect for
quite a number more.befoe very long.
All these things are matters of record
and are true.
"W. A. STOREY, Mayor.
OREGQ-S , CAPITAIi CITY.
Golem Ioolcs Forward to Great Ac
tivity This Year.
"While the yoar 1S99 did not confer upon
the capital city of Oregon any extraordi
nary excess of prosperity, it has left Its
Impress In an smabated vigor in all lines
of enterprise for which she Is the logical
market, and to which her resources are
adaptable. No business f lllures mark her
record for that period. Her fame and suc
cess as an educational center show no de
terioration, and the establishment of Wil
lamette university as the head and center
of scholastic endeavor of the great Meth
odist Episcopal church serves to largely
augment that advantage. The now char
ter of the city has exacted and will con
tinue to exact economic administrative
policies that must redound to her civic
adantage. The location and erection of
her $100,003 federal building, and the early
completion of the handsome, 22-room sani
tarium being built expressly for the treat
ment of chronic diseases by Dr. R. Cart
wright (a structure that will contain,
among other approved accessories of the
times, one of the best-lighted and best
ecu pped operating-rooms on the Pacific
coast), together with several other Impor
tant projects, serve to justify the bright
Jexpcctancy of her people for an excep
tional year ahead
The population of the city on November
1, 1SS9, approximated as closely as may
be, and Including Immediate suburbs. Js
placed at 13,000. C. P. BISHOP,
HEAITHY AJfD SOLID.
Astoria Looking: to tlie Development
of Xcar-liy Resources.
The progress of the city of Astoria, the
caH-water port of Oregon, within sight
and sound of the Pacific, while not phe
nomenal during the year just closed, has
been healthy and solid.
Industrially, substantial changes have
been in progress toward development of
new and more varied Interests. Salmon
exportation, the great rellanco hitherto,
is rapidly passing: from cannlnc toward
in Oregon Increased in
Sumpter's Wonderful Growth.
shipments fresh by cold-storage process
and pickling. Logging and lumbering have
been greatly stimulated by better prices,
and -will show an increase of 25 per cent.
Active efforts have been made to bring
about development of dairy and farm Im
provement, the very valuable tide lands
and river bottoms within a radius of 40
miles on both sides of the Columbia having
as yet been but about one-tenth reclaimed.
A creamery has been established at As
toria and has operated the entire season,
since opening in June. Steps have been
taken for a comprehensive plan of Im
provement of wagon roads, which will open
for settlement thousands of acres of the
best lands of Clatsop county, and unite
with the Tillamook county system of
roads. The advice so freely bestowed upon
Astoria to look after local improvements
and development of near-by resources is
already well in progress. It Is not believed,
either, that this will arrest commercial
growth and urban importance.
The increase in school population of
about 200 to 400 per year for the past ten
years indicates a steady growth in per
manent residents, as does also the build
ing of about 100 substantial dwellings the
past year. An equal number in Ham
mond, Flavel, Warrenton and Seasldo,
now, owing to rapid rail connection, prac
tically suburbs of Astoria, indicates im
provement to be general and permanent.
The outlook for growth and permanent
improvement in the future has never been
The population of Astoria may now be
safely estimated at 10.000, making It the
second city of the state.
ASTORIA PROGRESSIVE COMMER
AS IF BY MAGIO.
Baker City Nov the Metropolis or
It Is not strange that In the center of a
vast region, so rich Jn minerals, bo well
supplied with timber and water, and with
favorable conditions prevailing for farm
ing and stockraislng, a city should spring
up as if by magic. In 1S90 the population
of Baker City was 2G0D; on November 1,
1S93, it was fully 7000. The town Is grow
ing at a rapid rate, and it was found
necessary to provide a new school last
fall to accommodate the Increased school
population. The merchants carry stocks
valued at from $3000 to $100,000, and do a
considerable jobbing trade with .the small
er towns of Eastern Oregon. Baker City
is the metropolis of Eastern Oregon, and
boforo many years it will be the second
city of Oregon. R.
Baker City, Or.
But Orexron City Has Plenty of Room
Population, 6000. Increase during last
year gradual. General business good.
Manufacturing Is the principal business
and all industries are prosperous. The
paper and pulp mills are Increasing their
capacity. One new grist mill established.
New enterprises are taking advantage of
the immense water-power furnished by
Willamette falls. The General Electric
Company furnishes electric power for man
ufacturing at a moderate cost, and the
prospects of increased growth of city are
exceedingly bright. Prospects of other
electric roads being built are good Two
different companies obtained franchises
last year. Room for more factories here,
C. D. LATOURETTE, Mayor.
Albany Received Its Share of the
Good Things Last Year.
The year 1S99 was one of exceptional
prosperity for the city of Albany. A num
ber of new brick buildings have been
erected, the most Important being the new
'courthouse, a magnificent structure, and
also a number of neat and costly resi
dences. Property has sold quite freely
during the year at good prices, the con
templated building of the large sawmill
and the extension of the C. & E. railroad
being the chief factors In the sales. Busi
ness during the year has nearly doubled
that of 19S, while the improvements are
greater than for several years past com
bined. New life has been infused In the citi
zens and the year 1900 promises to be the
most active in the city's history. The
various factories and Industrial estab
lishments are In a prosperous and pay
ing condition. The bank deposits show a
large Increase and Indicate a healthy
financial condition among the business
men. The population of the city shows
a steady increase during the year and
from the best estimates obtainable is
placed at about 5500. Many people from
the Eas'fern states have settled in the
city during the year, and all seem satis
fled with their new homes..
The newcomers are among the better
class of well-to-do people, and they will
be a factor in building up the city in the
The business handled by the railroads
during the past year In the city has In
creased over 50 per cent In both freight
and passenger departments.
The year throughout has been one of
prosperity for the city, and the new year
is being ushered In under most propi
C. G. BURKHART, Mayor.
Mayor of Albany.
Among the native sons of Oregon who
have attained prominence In the locality
where they were born may be mentioned
C G. Burkhart, the present chief execu
tive of the city government of Albany.
Mr. Burkhart was born on a farm nine
miles from Albany, in Linn county, in 1855,
and has resided In that section of the
state ever since. Twenty-two years ago
Mr. Burkhart engaged In the real estate
s.nd insurance business, and 10 years ago
was made representative for Albany of the
Northern Pacific railway, which position
ho still holds. Previous to his election as
mayor In which office he Is now serv
ing his second term Mr. Burkhart was
for eight years a member of the city coun
cil of Albany. His wife Is also a native
Oregonlan, being the daughter of C. A.
Anderson, a pioneer farmer of Linn coun
ty. FAVORED BY LOCATION.
Immense Field In "Which The Dalles
Merchants Do Business.
If one considers the location of The
Dalles, and its surrounding country, it
can be plainly seen why this city Is the
most prosperous and leading of the whole
of Eastern Oregon. As it is the loca
tion that makes Portland prosperous and
great, so it is the location that makes
The Dalles the chief city of Eastern Ore
gon and Eastern Washington. The Dalles
is the only city on the Columbia river
east of the Cascade mountains that has
water communication with the outside
world. Being most beautifully located on
tho south bank of the mighty Columbia
and at the present time at the head of
navigation, and also located on the main
lino of the Oregon Railroad & Navigation
Company, It has advantages in freight
rates that will always be of Incalculable
Tho Dalles has been steadily growing,
and now has a population of over 5000.
It has a fine system of water works
owned by the city, which cost over $140,000.
The city is now more prosperous than it
has ever been. It does its municipal busi
ness on a cash basis, and, after paying
all expenses, puts away from $3000 to $5000
a year for the future.
The United States land office, located
at Tho Dalles, did more business In the
past year than any other land office In
the state. In fact, The Dalles Is a lively
and bustling city and has a great future
before It. At this writing (December 1,
1899), a. survey is being made by our peo
ple for a rallroad from this city to tho
southern part of the state, to take the
place of the hundreds of freight teams
now used to carry freight to and from
the city. All lines of business seem to be
thriving. The steady prosperity and
growth and tho push of our people com
mend The Dalles as a safe and profitable
place for all forms of Investment.
H. L. KUCK, Mayor.
The Dalles, Or.
MINING HELPS HUNTINGTON.
More Mines Discovered Last Lear
Than Ever Before.
Huntington has felt the spirit of pro
gression as well as her neighboring
towns. At the beginning of the official
year, February 7, 1899, Huntington had a
population of about 700. It had no money In
the treasury, but was not In debt. Now It
has a population of 800 or over, and about
$1000 in the city treasury. Business in
mercantile lines increased in volume from
10 to 15 per cent on yearly sales.
The surrounding country Is being set
tled very fast by farmers and stockrais
ers, while mining, especially placer, Is get
ting to be more and more one of the chief
industries that support this town. Min
ing is on the verge of a big boom In this
section. More mines have been opened up
and discovered In this vicinity within the
past year than ever before.
The town has lately Improved Its streets
and flro equipments and has now a com
plete telephone system, while the city
council has granted a franchise to East
ern capital to put In a fine gi-avity water
system and also electric lights. Taken all
around, Huntington has made more solid
Improvement In 1899 than any year since
Its incorporation. In 1S9L
HARRY A DUFFY, Mayor.
LA GRANDE A YOUNG GIANT.
The Center of a Rich Conntry, No
Wonder It Grows.
La Grande has kept fully abreast with
the progressive spirit that has prevailed
throughout Union county during 1899. Its
population exceeds 5000 and is still grow
ing. Its payrolls Include the regular dis
tribution of $15,000 to the O. R. & N. Co.'s
employes nere, and $10,000 monthly paid
regularly by the Grand Ronde Lumber
Company. During the year the Oregon
Sugar Company, besides the investment
of $500,000 in its plant, paid In wages and
to tho beetgrowers over $80,000.
Several handsome brick buildings have
been completed during the year, besides
many new homes. In all, no less than
$90,000 was spent In Improving business
and residence properties.
The records show that over 30,000 acres
of improved lands have changed hands
In Union county, at an average price of
$30 per acre, resulting In many of our
large farms being subdivided and occu
pied by farmers of experience and means.
La Grande has enjoyed no boom, but Is
growing in proportion only to her sur
J. M. CHURCH, Mayor.
La Grande, Or.
NO BOOM AT PENDLETON.
Federal Census This Year Expected
to Show GOOO People.
Pendleton had In 1890 about 3000 peo
ple. The next census, 1900, will show a
population of 5000. These accretions have
come for the greater part during the past
24 months. Prior to that, the city and
County were recovering from the effects of
the panic. Tho recovery has been com
plete. Municipal health Is now such as
to Induce normal growth, which Is all
that Is desired here. Booms have never
afflicted this city. However, the progress
has been more than satisfying. During
two years, approximately 250 dwellings
have been erected; half a dozen large
business blocks and thousands of dollars
expended In Improvements of other busi
ness houses In the aggregate $440,000 has
been Invested In all these structures put
up during the two years, and one-half of
It during 1S99. Building operations con-
The Oregonlan consulted several authorities In the hope of obtaining
authentic estimates of the yield of wool In Oregon for a number of
years back. The figures collected present serious contradictions. For
example, the wool product of 1885 was, according to the state census.
9,165,830 pounds, which was clipped from 1,346,995 sheep. In 1886, the wool
product was, according to the department of agriculture, 17,286,857 pounds,
clipped from L496.927 sheep, reported by Oregon assessors In 1890, th8
federal census showed a wool clip of 9,982,910 pounds, while the estimate
of the department of agriculture was 20,508.810 pounds. In 1895 the Oregon
census reported a wool product of 12,038.022 pounds, and the government
estimate for the same year was 19.610,688 pounds. The following figures are
offered as the result of careful research:
Number ,, Number
Year. of pounds. Year. of pounds.
1850 29,0861 1891 17.022,313
I860 219.012 1S92 17,806,558
1870 1,0S0,638, 1693 19.643,616
1SS0 5,718.521 1S91 19.S53.552
18S5t 9,165,830 1895 19,010,683
1886...-......' 17.2S6,S57 1896 19.8S9.976
18S7 18.151,203 1897 18,440,850
1SSS 19,000,000. 1898 21.291,872
1S89 20.715.968 h 1899$ 18 02S.276
United States census.
Estimates of the United States department of agriculture.
tOregon state census.
Estimate of Dr. James Withycombe, vlcedirector of the Oregon state
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tlnue at the same rate, with promise of
as good a record during 1900.
Especially in city affairs has progress
been made. For improvement of Pendle
ton's water works system $26,000 was spent
during the year, and the water supply
problem solved for many years to come.
Financially, Pendleton Is In condition
to proceed with much-needed Improve
ments in 1900. Sewerage and streets are
the items which will next receive atten
tion at the hands of the city government
Every rentable house in Pendleton Is un
der lease, and intending tenants stand
ready to occupy every building now
planned or under construction.
F. W. VINCENT, Mayor.
GROWTH AT EUGENE.
Mining: and Commercial Develop
ment Give People Plenty to Do.
The city of Eugene has growji In popu
lation during the past year. There is not
a vacant house in town now, whereas
there were a great many one year ago.
From 12 to 15 residences were built during
the year. Tho most conservative esti
mates place the population at about 5C00.
The industries added during the year are
an excelsior factory, a foundry and a
steam -dye plant. The excelsior factory
employs about 20 men constantly and has
a capacity for a product which requires
about 3500 cords of wood annually. The
foundry and steam dye .plant represent
modest capital, but they- are doing well
and promise satisfactory growth. Mer
chants, bankers and business men gener
ally are doing better than for years. Eu
gene has" superior educational advantages,
the state university being located here
and the publlo schools being of the very
best in the state. The only divinity
school in the state is here.
All the products grown in this county
were In unusual abundance last year, ex
cept, fruit, and in that commodity we
shared the "common misfortune of tho en
tire valley. The Southern Pacific Railroad
Company is building a branch road from
the main line up the Mohawk valley to
tap a very large timber section, which Is
thought to be extensive enough to engage
the road profitably ,for the next 50 years.
The headquarters and disbursing office of
this road will be at Eugene, thus putting
into circulation the monthly wages of the
employes of this road and also of the
Booth-Kelly lumbering mill, at the head
of Mohawk valley.
Lane county completed one of the best
courthouses in the West last year, and it
was formally dedicated on the first Mon
day In May. This courthouse Is located
at Eugene, and thus has been added a
very Important and beautiful building to
the city. Commercial travelers speak of
Eugene as having the best-kept streets
and sidewalks, the nicest lawns and resi
dences of any city In Oregon outside of
Portland, and speak of the city as being
the best Interior town in Western Oregon.
T. W. HARRIS, Mayor.
PROSPERING AS NEVER BEFORE.
Ashland's Industries Have a Payroll
of $10,000 a Month.
Ashland, the metropolis of the Rogue
river valley, the center of the ' peach-
GROWTH OF PORTLAND'S POPULATION
Portland's population is steadily nearlng the 100,000 mark. Portland is
today nearly 34 times as largo as it was in 1SG0, over 11 times as largo
as it was in 1870, and 5 times as large as it was. In 18S0. The subjoined
statistics give an Idea of tho rapid growth of the city:
1860 (U. S. census) 2,874
1SC5 (Directory estimate) 6,068
1870 (U. S. census) 8,293
1875 (Directory estimate) 12,284
1SSQ (U. S. census) -....17.577
Includes territory which in 1S91
00000000000 0 00000000006000
growing belt, and the educational center
of Southern Oregon, ts situated on tho
banks of Ashland creek, a tributary of
Rogue river. This creek has its source in
the snow-capped peak called Ashland
butte, and furnishes fine water-power for
I manufacturing purposes. It is also the
supply for Ashland's system of water
I works, which distributes pure, cold and
perfectly soft water to every home In the
, city. Tho system Is owned and managed
by the city and therefore no extortion In
water rates has been nor can be en-
! forced, as the low rate of $1 per month
for domestic purposes fully attests.
There Is no boom In Ashland, in the
sense In which It occurred during the past
boom times that affected the whole Pacific
coast, as real estate, though rapidly
changing hands, has advanced slowly In
price, the usual characteristic of these
purchases of lands being for building
the purchaser's home. This fact Is easily
verified by a drive over the city and not
ing the many residence buildings erected
during the past year. By careful Inspec
tion and the best Information obtainable,
there haa been erected during that time
over 50 good substantial residences, be
sides Improvements upon those previously
built aggregating In cost $75,000. In addi
tion to buildings of that character, there
have been erected two business nouses,
one church, and one fruit evaporator at
a cost In the aggregate exceeding $13,000.
A conservative estimates would give the
present population of the city at over
Ashland has a monthly payroll from
mining railroad, woolen mill and other
manufacturing Industries of about $15,000.
Altogether Ashland Is "prospering as never
before, the improvement being of that
permanent character which brings no re
action with resultant dull times.
W. B. COLTON, Mayor.
"RIGHT UP AGAINST IT."
Marshfield People Not Misslnc Any
thing These Good Times.
Everything In Marshfield Is in a prosper
ous condition, and every branch of busi
ness Is receiving Its share of prosperity.
The town is giving evidence of a won
derful growth. New stores are In course of
orectlon, and are being occupied as soon
as finished, while dwellings are unusually
scarce. The population Is about 2500, and
Is steadily increasing.
The barkentlne now being constructed
by E. Henckendoff Is nearlng completion,
and when finished will be as fine a vessel
as ever was built on the Pacific coast. A
vessel Is also being built at North Bend
of the same model as tho one recently
launched there. Captain H. R. Reed Is
employing a large force of carpenters on
the new steamer under construction at
Pleasant Point. He Is doing the job with
characteristic skill and thoroughness, and
will soon have the work completed.
Saw mills and logging camps, running
full blast, are contributing to the general
Capitalists are seeking investments in
timber lands, and a big deal Is now on
In a word, we are "right up against it."
A MEMBER OF THE TOWN BOARD.
, SUBSTANTIAL PROGRESS,
Every Lino of Business in Good Con
dition at Rosebnr&r.
During the past year Roseburg has made
substantial progress In every line of busi
ness. Many new stores have been opened,
and all are doing a good business, while
, the older establishments have generally
increased their premises, and number of
employes. Five new brick stores have
been built, and many small frame struc
tures remodeled for business purposes.
Many new residences were built; still
there are not enough to supply the de
mand. The county courthouse has been re
modeled at a cost of $16,000.
The Southern Pacific railroad has built
a substantial passenger depot, a commo
dious frelghthouse, and enlarged the rail
road yards, entailing an outlay of over
$50,000. These improvements give Roseburg
the most extensive and best depot and
yard facilities of any station on the South
ern Pacific In the state, except Portland.
Other Improvements are planned by the
company. Notwithstanding these addi
tional facilities for handling traffic, the
business of the road has increased to such
an extent in the past year that the facili
ties are strained to handle the business.
The banks have largely added to their
deposits, with a marked Increase In their
general business. One of tho sash and
door factories has enlarged Its premises
and Increased its output 100 per cent. A
brewery and Ice plant was Installed by
practical men with ample capital.
Roseburg's population is 2500.
D. S. K. BUICK.
ADVANCING ALL ALONG THE LINE.
Corvallis Had a Remarkably Favor
able Year in 1S90.
On November 1, 1S99, the population of
Corvallis wa3 about 2250. Scarcity of
houses turned away many homeseekers.
Tho past year has been one of advance
ment from first to last. Our business
houses have greatly enlarged their stocks;
now business houses have been opened,
and all are doing a profitable business. All
our worklngmen nave Been empioyea tne
' past year at remunerative wages. The
spirit of Improvement and progress has
1 taken hold of our city. New life Is man-
18S5 (Directory estimate) 37,185
1S90 (U. S. census) 72.357
il895 (State census) 81,3-12
tlS98 (Directory estimate) 92.405
11899 (Directory estimate) 96.600
was Incorporated into the consolidated
0000000900 00 0000 000 09000 00
lfested on all sides. Ten thousand dollars
has been expended the past year In
sewerage; the streets and walks have been
greatly improved; new dwellings have been
built and old ones repaired.
Our flouring mills have extended their
markets and reputation until their prod
ucts are sought from all parts of the coast
and the market centers of tho Orient, to
such an extent that they have been un
able to fill their orders. So great has been
the demand for their products that one. of
our mills was compelled to purchase an
other plant of 250 barrels capacity that
they might fill their heavy orders.
Our large sawmill plant has been run
ning on full time throughout tho past
year. The home consumption has been
heavy, owing to the extensive Improve
ments throughout the county, and a grow
ing demand has been created for their
product of high-grade fir and hardwood
lumber In San Francisco and Eastern cit
ies. We are advancing all along the line.
J. W. CRAWFORD, Mayor.
Mayor Crlder Says It Is the Liveliest
West Side Town.
The year 1899 was one of prosperity for
Dallas, and It now ranks as the liveliest
city on the west side of the Willamette
river. The territory tributary to It and
the enterprise of our people have been Im
portant factors In swelling the volume of
trade now centered here. One of the chief
factors In Dallas' prosperity Is the mag-
, nltude of Us manufacturing Industries.
t The Pioneer woolen mill, one of the finest
In the state, Is running night and day and
employs 100 operators. Its output for the
last six months was 125,000 yaTds of cloth,
and there are orders ahead for more than
six months. The sawmill of Suitor &
Thurston, also in the city limits, employs
CO hands, and during the last year manu
factured 6,000.000 feet of lumber, which
found ready sale In Eastern markets. The
shipping from the Dallas depot on the
Southern Pacific line for the past year ag
gregated 3000 tons and shippers complain
of a great scarcity of cars. Another val
uable help to Dallas Is Its hop Industry;
2500 bales were raised In Its Immediate vi
cinity. The prune crop, though small in
yield last year, was very remunerative.
The new courthouse, the only stone court
house In the Northwest, built of Dallas
stone at a cost of about $10,000. Is fast
rivinh'nir rnmnletlon. Besides this, tha
I year 1899 witnessed the construction of 23
j new residences and business houses, which
cost J24.00O. What city In tho state out
Blde 'of Portland can boast of such prog
ress? Our population Is about 2000.
J. W. CRIDER, Mayor.
WIDE-AWAKE AND PROGRESSIVE.
Prinovine Grovrlnpj and Rapidly
Nearlne the IOOO Marie.
Prlnevllle la the seat of Crook county
and the treasure-house of a vast pastoral
empire. A largo area or country pays this
city tribute, and. In consequence. It Is one
of the best trading centers in the Inland
empire, situaieu in me tjrooKea river
I vaney, wnere wie wa-iera ui uiu ucuuca
meet those of Crooked river, It Is taking
on new life. The past year has been an
eventful one for Prlnevllle. One year ago.
Isolated from the outer world 120 miles
from railroad and telegraph communica
tiontoday we have a railroad building
towards our city, and wo are also In tele
phono connection with Portland and other
cities. With the ushering In of the new
year, we expect to have a system of water
works and electric light plant in full op
eration. The city has Issued bonds to the
amount of $10,000. These have been sold
and the amount turned over to H V.
Gates, who has put In the system.
During the past year 30 or 40 buildings
have either been remodeled or erected.
Many more would have been built If suf
ficient building material could have been
obtained. Next year the building will be
resumed and the outlook Is very flattering
for another year.
The population of Prlnevllle Is nearlng
the 1000 mark. Newcomers are constantly
arriving in our city seeking employment
or looking for business locations, having
heard of our city's thrift.
The business interests of Prlnevllle are
In the hands of wide-awake, energetic and
progressive business men. Good public
schools are maintained, and the city is
well supplied with churches and newspa
pers. L. N. LIGGETT, Mayor.
HOW SUMPTER GROWS t
Population Increased From 200 to
2000 In a Year.
Our population January 1, 1899, was less
than 200; today It is 2000. The best water
system In Oregon built by home money.
Electrlo lights. Hotel Wilson In courso of
construction, second only to the Portland.
Schools, churches, hospitals, brickyards,
saw mills, planing mills, city government,
and we are laying a foundation for a city
of homes and firesides such a3 Oregon has
never dreamed of. Watch us grow!
W. H. GLEASON, Mayor.
GREAT IS THE DALLES
COMMERCIAL EMPORIUM EAST OF
Well Supplied With' Transportation
Lines to Portland and tlic East
Sta&re Routes to the Interior.
The traveler through Oregon, whether
a tourist Intent on sight-seeing, or a
homeseeker searching for a desirable lo
cation, cannot fail to visit The Dalles In
his quest; If the former, the city is Im
pressed on his mind as the terminus of
the Regulator line of steamers, by which
travel all who wish to view the mag
nificent and unrivaled scenery of the
Columbia river; If the latter, he cannot
afford to overlook the rich soil of the
country tributary to the city and the
Immense opportunities which exist not
only for the grower of wheat, fruit and
other farm products, but also the pro
duction of wool and the rearing of sheep
For the capitalist there are great oppor
tunities, in the establishment of woolen
mills, leather and boot and shoe fac
tories, and lastly in mining both of coal,
gold and silver, this Industry being in its
The Dalies, which Is beautifully sit
uated on the Columbia river, at the head
Of navigation, 8S miles from Portland,
la the county seat of Wasco county, with
an area of about 2S00 square miles, and
is one of the earliest settlements In the
stat of Oregon. Nearly 60 years ago It
was a Methodist mission station, but,
failing in their efforts. It was relinquished
to the Presbyterians, who held it until
the breaking out of the "Cayuse war," In
1847, which occurrence compelled the mis
sionaries to abandon all their stations,
and The Dalles was converted into a
military post, the mission buildings hav
ing been burnt down.
The mining rush to Idaho in 1S62 gave
The Dalles Its first commercial start,
and for many years It was the business
center and distributing point for a dis
trict comprising many hundreds of square
miles. Although much of thl3 trade has
been lost, owing to the construction of
railways and the building of many new
towns, The Dalles still controls the busi
ness of an enormous tract of country.
One of the greatest sights In Oregon Is
to be viewed here In the month of June,
when the wool clip Is arriving, and the
main street is rendered impassable to or
dinary traffic by the wagons laden with
wool, many drawn by 10 and 12 horses,
which line the street for more than a
quarter of a mile. The scene Is again
repeated In September, when the wheat
Is brought Into the Wasco warehouses or
those operated by Z. F. Moody.
Tho Dalles Is now a city of 6000 people,
and that It Is prosperous and thrifty may
be readily seen by its splendid stores,
handsome buildings and many beautiful
homes. The stranger passing through it
by rail would not be Impressed with the
richness of the surrounding country; trav
eling from Portland, a few miles south
of tho city the country on either side of
the Columbia opens out and the richly
wooded highlands are left behind, the
mountain terraces, being devoid of trees,
remain bare and rugged till the city Is
reached, whilst a considerable amount
of Band is to be seen along the railroad
track; but the resources of the country
tributary to The Dalles are many and
varied, and may be briefly stated as wool,
wheat, sheep, fruit, salmon-fishing, mixed
farming, and mining.
The wool Industry Is mo3t certainly
paramount, for The Dalles claims the
handling of a larger amount of wool from
the grower than any other market in the
world, the total amount for 1893 being
8.000,000 pounds, and for 1S99 not far snort
of that amount, making It the best wool
market on the Pacific coast, attracting
buyers from all the Eastern states.
In the Wasco warehouses there are un
surpassed facilities for handling these
enormous quantities, and tho baling and
grading of the wool Is effected by an
expert grader, under tho personal super
vision of the manager, W. Lord, who
has made the Wasco warehouses a finan
But The Dalles Is not only a great wool
market; it 13 als" the best wheat market
In Eastern Oregon, handling yearly
through warehouses and mills about 900,
000 bushels grown In Wasco county, of a
total value of about $475,000.
It Is only natural that, with such an
enormous amount of wool grown in the
vicinity of The Dalles, tho sheep In
dustry should assume vast proportions,
and although It is difficult to obtain an
accurate census of the number of sheep
owned In the district, some Idea of the
vastness of the flocks may be gathered
from the fact that the year's shipments
to the East from this point were about
700 cars, or 170.000 sheep, whilst of other
livestock about 250 cars were shipped.
Tho Dalles Is famous for its fruit, and
It would be difficult to find any other
district where such perfection or flavor
and size Is attained. It can point with
pride to the fact that at every exhibition
where Northwest fruit was entered for
competition It has carried off honors.
Strawberries. peache3 and grapes are es
pecially flno. and are unexcelled by any
In America. The former find a ready and
profitable market In Portland and other
adjacent cities, whilst enormous quan
tities of peaches, apples, grapes, pears
and prunes are shipped to all parts of the
States, tho Philippines, Hawaii and Eu
rope. Add to these products, melons and
garden vegetables of all kinds, for which
a ready and profitable market Is to be
found, and It will be seen that The Dalles
country embraces every form of farm
ing, fruitgrowing and stockralslng.
The "man with the hoe" In Eastern and
other less-favored states than Oregon,
who may read these lines, will be In
terested In knowing that the prices real
ized for these products is often sufficiently
high to pay 50 per cent yearly on the
amount Invested in the farm.
Fall-sown wheat frequently yleld3 40
bushels to the acre, and potatoes from 80
to 150 bushels to the acre, selling this
year at $1 per sack of 100 pounds In The
Dalles, whilst other roots and timothy
hay and alfalfa give phenomenal yields.
The salmon Industry, though still an
Important factor, ha3 declined of late
years, owing to th9 smaller catch of
fish; but even now some Idea of Its ex
tent can be formed from the statement
that tho principal fishery this year canned
39,000 pound3 of fish, the smallest catch
Tho whole country adjacent to The
Dalles Is of volcanic formation, and In
parts highly mineralized, and would well
repay systematic prospecting. About
three miles south of The Dalles a rich
coal seam has been discovered, and Is now
being developed by local capital, whilst
about 70 miles south a splendid vein of
silver ore has been uncovered, yielding
values as high as $200 to the ton. and
varying In width from four to 12 feet,
whilst the existence of opals in the dis
trict is well known.
The Dalles offers many advantages to
the Intending resident; Its Inhabitants are
equal In culture, hospitality and Intelli
gence to any In the United States; Its
school facilities are excellent, whilst
churches of all denominations are repre
sented In the city. The city Is lighted by
electricity, and has a capital water
supply and sewerage. Its stores are mag
nificent, carrying enormous stocks, re
plete with the latest fashions. luxuries
and dainties. Chief among these should
be mentioned Pease & Mays, department
store; May 3 & Crowe, hardware; A M.
Williams & Co., dry good3. and J. T.
Peters & Co.. lumber and building mate
rial, all worthy of a city of 100.CCO people.
The legal profession is ably represented
by Dufur & Menefee. Mr. "E. B. Dufur.
the senior member of the firm, beinsr stato
senator for Wasco, Sherman and Gilliam
counties. Real estate and Insurance Is in
the hands of N. Wheaidon, whilst J. M.
Huntington & Co. conduct a larxe ab
If the stability of a city may be Judged
from Its banks, then does The Dalles
Btand high, for It supports two banks
French & Co., established In 1S67. and for
more than 30 years a household word in
Wasco county, and the First National
bank, a more recent Institution, but solid
In the Umatilla house the city haa a
fine and well-known commercial hotel,
established in 1863 by the late Mr. Slnnott,
and now conducted by his son, Mr. R.
Slnnott. and Mr. J. Fish.
The brewery Industry la well represented
by August Buchler, whose beer is Justly
considered the equal of any brewed on
Allied to the wheat Industry is the
milling business, and the Diamond roller
mills well sustain The Dalles reputation
for high-class products., their flour com
manding tho highest prices in the local
The Dalles is well supplied with trans
portation, as. in addition to the railway
direct to the Eastern markets and to
Portland, It has numerous stage lines to
country towns, which are also connected
by the long-distance telephone. In ad
dition there is a splendid service of the
Regulator line of steamers to Portland,
which, by the aid of palatial boats, low
rate3 and rapid service have done ao
much to develop this district.
There Is still considerable land open to
homesteaders, though the amount de
creases every year, but Improved lands
can often ba purchased at reasonable
The district may roughly be divided
Into sandy land, mountain land and agri
cultural land. The sandy land will, with
proper Irrigation, grow anything, and its
fertility Is so remarkable that It must
be experienced to be believed. The moun
tain land affords herbage for the thou
sands of sheep which yield handsome
profits to the owner, whether they are
derived from the sale of the wool or the
lambs. Whilst the livestock business has
proved so profitable that its speedy de
velopment Into a big industry Is but a
matter of time, the agricultural land la
most profitable, whether devoted solely
to wheatralslng or mixed farming, and
the man who understands his business
cannot fall to succeed here.
Although Oregon 13 called tho"Webfoot"
state, by reason of the greatness of Ha
rainfall, the remark does not apply to
Tho Dalles district, where the average
annual fall Is but 15 Inches. The cllmato
Is Indeed delightful, neither uncomforta
bly hot In summer nor rigorously cold in
winter, which Is of very short duration.
It Is Indeed a country to live In, where
man can enjoy "the earth and the full
This sketch would be Incomplete with
out reference to the Commercial Club,
whose membership comprises the lead
ing business men of the city, and who
vigorously promote any enterprise that
will be of benefit to the district. Located
In comfortable and roomy quarters, the
club Is sumptuously furnished, and con
taining billiard tables, bowling alleys, ele
gant works of art. and the current llter
aturo of the world, forms a social resort
as well as a rendezvous for the discus
sion of business.
Sheriff Kelly, of Wasco County.
In our illustrated supplement will be
found a photo of Mr. Robert Kelly, a
well-known resident of The Dalles, and
the popular sheriff of Wasco county.
Born in the Emerald Isle. Mr. Kelly earns
to America a young man, and after a
residence In Chicago removed to Oregon
nearly 30 year3 ago, and selecting this
district, engaged In farming and horse
breeding, eventualjy establishing a post
office and locating a town, now known as
Mr. Kelly was not destined to pass his
days in such quiet retirement. Compelled
by his friends to yield to repeated solid
tation3, he accepted the office of deputy
sheriff In 1SS4, which position he filled with
honor until In 1393 he was elected sheriff
by an overwhelming majority of the re
Mr. Kelly's term of office has been re
markable for tho manner In which he has
straightened out the county records, hith
erto most loosely kept, and has moreover
rendered signal service to the county b
the collection of delinquent taxes, thu
strengthening the financial position of the
county. He ha3 also rendered great serv
ice by Introducing an admirable system of
bookkeeping In his office which has earned
tho warmest approval of all.
It Is generally conceded by the business
men of The Dalles that Robert Kelly Is
the only sheriff that Wasco county ever
had, and all but the lawless element
heartily wish his continuance In office.
CANNOT HELP GROWING.
HiUsboro the Seat of Ono of the
HiUsboro, the seat of Washington coun
ty, and the largest city In the county, la
located In tho center of a rich farming
community. It ha3 a population of 1500
It 13 located on the line of the S. P. R. R..
20 miles west of Portland, but only 17 miles
by wagon road. Besides the courthouse
and Jail, which Is a brick building of am
ple size, with all modern furnishings. It
has a fine eight-roomed school building,
five churches, a city hall. Masonic and Odd
Fellows halls and many good residences.
Many of the business houses are substan
tial bTlck structures. An electric light and
water plant furnishes light and water to
the people. The water supply comes from
a well 300 feet deep, and Is exceptionally
good. The streets In the business part of
the city and the main thoroughfares axe
Situated, as HiUsboro Is. in tho center
of a rich agricultural county, a county
that Is rapidly Increasing In population
as well as in wealth, there 13 no doubt that
tho county seat will grow and Increase la
population proportionately with the coun
ty. W. N. BARRETT, Mayor.
NO VACANT HOUSES.
More Money In Circulation at Jaclc
sonvllle Than for Some Time.
Jacksonville, while there has not been
much building going on, 1b prosperous in
other ways. There Is not a vacant house
to be found In the town. Our business
men are generally prospering, and thre la
more money In circulation here than for
some time past. Being tributary to mucn
mining territory, Jacksonville is destined
to hold Its own for time to come.
The financial affairs of the town are In
good condition. Its indebtedness has been
reduced considerably the past year and
there is money on hand for further reduc
tions. Jaclonvllle enjoys the reputation
of being the moat healthy settlement In
the valley; consequently there has been
very little sickness, and the death rata Is
very low. The town has at present a
population of about S0O.
E, BRITT, Mayor.
T. L. HARGROVE
Livery, Feed and Sale Stables. Horsss boartl
ed by day or month. Conveyances furnished.
commercial men and othors to all pacts oi tho
country. Gentle drlvlnjc horses for ladles.
Best turnouts In the crty. Prlee reasonable.
Cor. Ferry and Liberty eta.. Satem. Or.
The Only Scientific Chiropodists
Office In the Allsky Building-.
Cor. 3d and Morrison Sb. Oregon Phoce
Rooms 301-302 Oraot IS
Horse Auction Market
Horses, Buggies. Wagons and
Harness Bought and Sold . . .
S. TQMLINSON, Prop.
SIX TTaahlnKton Street.