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About The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863 | View Entire Issue (July 7, 1860)
Df ft. W. CKAIO.
' 1 fwJ 'done.
Jl.erripli'" united Jr iL
T Lr diimntiimed "' rttuugit
t-.j Th.i w. Ill delegated represent-
. 'i!.ublkin Elects of tli I'uiled
U" is ; wnriulioa nilU, lo Hi disehar;
at.Wiomlooat eMiMiiiwnla and our
" , .nil. i lh Mlowiii doeSaralloiMi
"? Th' ,"w,ry of ,h dMrin'
ha fully tbliehd tlx trfrietjr
ii ef ill erganiwlion no J parpeHi-
th,K, BuWil"P"r,,,M, ,,ul
7 it Into rxwUin r priunniil in
"ill. Mini. ,tt0" ,,B ,w Mvn
j ju peaeeful end enn.liluliunal Iruiuuh.
Mteu: T'' m nwintenniice of ,he P",'iP,'
-l.lteled in lli lloUnilioii of InJeoen leuee,
U .inUKl.td in ll K'lrMl Cunaiiluiion, i .
,Wihf own alien uf our republican Inalj.
lhlrt il.t Federal Coneliluiion, Hi right
!!MheJSl.te,nd Hi Union of Hi tal, mini
Hull tw nr""'; nn,J ,l",t "
JULufSitMlobt wIf id.nt. Hint in '
..iJo,.iil;ilmi ihey are eu lowed by their Cr
TL,ui with ccrtaiu uiuliriuibl right) llml
. " - iImm. ai lif. Ub.-rly. aud Un . pursuit of
!ri I Tiiii ,"!,,,,, '' ,!"to ivrn
ir instituted iiimnic n.n, deriv.ng their
Z P"er (lum "f "' J""'""1-
Third! That I Union of lb Slate llil
uiiMvM'lu uiinridutrd lner In po.uln.
lias iu iuriiriiiuK development f material re
mtttf lis rui l siigmenluliou of wealth; iu Inp
ut, .1 liuinoniit Iwnor ahro.id j did we hold
fsaUwrreiiee H ee.hemeefor diunin, come from
ehslevar aoure ih'V 'yi " eongralutita
M country llnl no Kfiublknn Mmbr.if Con
inu Iu ullfird or oomilrnaiiord llirn t of d
I. iea. hi oft. 11 ui;! by Jh nwcMHo Member i f
Ctrrm wiih'-ul relmli mid Willi np:ure from
lbcl, ...McA ..riauj mid w cl. nounc Uiom
II, ieaitoldiuuon.iueu.of .pulur oerllmiw
T ibeir K-eiiJ.ey, deny.ng the Hul innuiila
fM. Uorriinimi, mid mi iivowol of eon
irmwUicd l.eiwoii. wlmli il i ibe iniu. r.iliv duly
i.u in.liiwul oeojil tnui(ly to robuk uud lor.
rrr wlene. .
futtlh; Tlml lb mmitei'nnre luviulale of
thr)ili of lb 8ii. mid iiecil!y lh r'ghl
f tali f il to rlir mid control il own dmne.
lie uiliiuii'ii, ncnirdinij Iu il own juilgmcnl e.
cliwrelv, ia rntil I" llml b ilum of H,ner i.n
uliiib ilie perlect.oii mnl rndurmw f 'r fiolii
ieal failll drirnil', mnl wo donouii tin- lawlea
by ini.l furc uf nny Siui r Termor.",
twiiuiler under lutprelexl,n wumig tlie gruv.
n( ui criiura.
fifth Tliat llie prrwnt Dvniwnt'e Admin.
Utraliuu W Ut vcl'il our wiiral apprrhi-iia una
iu ii im-uMirclim uburrvii-u.')' to lli cxacliuna
a m-Loual iiiltroil, i erpuci illy evidi-ni in its
le.rI eierl ous to fore I lie infuuiou Le
onilu Coiuliiuiiun upon llie prutralii g people
U Kaiiou iu iniilriiiii)( llie pcmonul rela'ion bo
Ittren nuuler and tervanl In involve tin unquali
fied propt-ny in pernou in it attempted enforce.
nirul rverywbeie, on land and '. Iliniii(li llie
iulrmution f Congrew uud Die iYdi'ml Courla, of
tilt ellreme preti'iirioiia of a purely locnl ilKered,
aaJ in general and unvnry n ahum of Hi p.m i r
iolnMrd lo it by a counting p. p!e.
Mtlh Than llie pauplr jully view with alarm
llie recklei exlraviigum-e wli ch peivadea i very
aVpirtnunt of lb Kiilorul (juveriimt.'iitt lh.il a
murn lri;lit ei.nnomy and a?couiilalii,ity b:udia
oranWe Iu arrcrt lh" vyat'in uf plun ler uf llie
public Irrnaury by favurrii partiaana; while the re
rratuiriliiif('drveliipiniu.aof Irjud .nid corrupiiun
al Ilia Fedi-ral metropolw, ahuw that un miiir
eluD(i.'ofadinii:tolr:itiun la unper.ilivrly damandrd.
Sttrnth Tlml llie new doguiik ibul lh dm
rttul on of ill own force c;irri a Slavery into any
ar all llie 'IVmloii, of the United State, il n
dangrrwM pohtiral heroy, at variance nhh the
riui cil proviaioiu of that rtiolriinioul itself, with 10
lriiiraiieoiM exilion, hikI with Irjialativ and
jfclieial precedent, ia n volutionary iu il tendril, )'
jind aubverwvc of the peuce nud harmony of the
Eifhih: That the normul condilinn of nil the
Irrritory uf the Unit, d Slntca ia that of Freedom,
lint 11 our republican fnlhera, when they had ubol
bind ilavery in nil our lerriinr e, ordaine.l thai no
nun aliould be deprived f lift-, lilt, rty, or prop,
tny, willioiit due pruccM of law, it becomm our
duly, by leg'alatinn, whenever nu ll l gi-lution ia
Hcnwiry, In maintain thi proviaion of the C1111
itilutiou agninM all allrmpta to viulule it; mid we
deny the authority of CungreM, uf n Territnrial
iUture, or of nny individuals, lo give legal
eiole nee to Slavery iu nny Territory of the Unit
A'l: That we brand the recent re-opening of
Ilia Alrii-an hluve-tr.idc, under the cover of our Na
tional Hu;r, aidid by pcrveraiona of judicial puwer,
aia crime againat humaiiity, a burinntr ahaine to
ar country an I age. mid wo call upon Congress to
lake prompt nud elKcieiil nieaurra for the total
and final aupprewien of thut execrable traffic.
Tiulh: That in the recent vetoea by their fed
eral (iuvenioni uf the acta of the Leg nlnture of
Kami and Nebraska, prohibiting Sla 'ery in Ihme
i Territurica, we find a practical illuntral'oii f the
bouled iKmocralic principle of nou-iuiervenli'in
nd popular aovereignty, embed ed in the Kanaaa
and Nebraska bill, and a denunciation ef the da
ceptiou and fraud involved therein.
Eltrtnth: That Kaueaa aliould of right be im
mediately admitted as a Slut under thcConatitu
t.oo recently formi d and adapted by her people,
. ind accepted by the House of Kepreaentalivc.
Ttceljik: Thut while providing revenue for the
Mpporl of the General Governmcnl by dulie up
0 impoaia, round policy requires such an adjust-
. meal ef iheae iniost as to eucourapte the devel
efiuant of the industrial interests of the whole
country, and we commend lhat policy of national
change which secure! to the werking-men lib
ml wugis, to ajfriculure remunerating pricea, to
"eliaiiiciand mmiufaclurera un adequate reward
f theiraki'l, labor, and enterprise, mid lo the nn
Uicomineroial prosperity and Independence.
Thirteenth That we proleat asainst any aale
1 alieiwtioo to other of the publie lands held by
"Hal Killer, and ajaimt any view of lh frr
"""'"lead policy which regarda the aettler at
Pupcn or supplicants for public bounty, and we
. demand the piMngeby Cencrens of lh comp'ele
I'd xinfuciorv Homestead measure which haa
1'eady pa. d ihe House.
fourteenth: That tho Republican party ia op
fdta any change iu eur Xnturaliialinn law, or
' "y Stat legialaiion by which the r'ghl of citi
""lap hiiheito accorded to immigrants from for
Jfa laada shall be abridged or impaired; and in
''or of giving a full and efficient protection lo the
"-''its uf all clasae of cit,icn, whether natiT or
"iIUi-d. both st home and abroad.
fifteenth That appropriations by Congres for
"d Harbor Improvement of a national
rcter, required for the accommodation and se
eaniy f ,B exi;u? C0lnm,rcei , authorized by
'wtoB.tite.iion and justfied by an oblige-ion f
Weraroent lo protect the live and prvpeity
, Six'ea.- That a railroad t the Paci6e Ocean
mperaiitely demai.ded by the interet of the
" eotintry; that the Federal Government
lo render immediai and efficient aid in il
"ameiion, and that as preliminary thereto a dai
fowtlaad mail .hould be promptly tablibed.
"mealeeal.- Finally, having lliua -l forih oor
principles and views, we invite the 00
7,ra, f all eiUxena, however differ nf on th
ik. iT0' kj0 ubanUallT agre with at in
adrmsnc and support. ,
tTs,TT- Vanity o anchored in man's
Wit, that a mtler, a scuMon, porter, honttg
M wh to hare his admirer. and the)
PJilosophers thcmscWw wish the same.
wb write against glory wish to
n w glory o( hafino; written ainst
I "W those who road that writing against
lt7h kaTe lher?W of baving read
Jiid I, wbo write this, hare perhnpe the
desire; and percbaoea Uiom who wfll
A Weekly Newspaper, devoted to the Interests of the LnWing Classes, and advocating the
Lawly Malalag Mtaa.
Lowly, shining bead,
Where w lay lb down.
With lh lowly dead,
Droop Ihy godn orown I
Meekly, msrbl palm,
Fold acfinaj the brcaat,
Sculptured In whit calm
Of unbrcking resit
Softly, Marry ye,
Veil your darkaacj apherea,
Never inor lo ria
In suiniiisrahin or tear!
Calmly, crescent lips,
Veil your dewy ruse,
To lh wn oclipe
Of thi pal rcpoMl
Slumber, aural shells!
No mora dying even,
Through your sju'nil cells,
Weovetb gale of hrarsn !
Stilly, alender feel,
Ileal from rosy rhyme,
Willi lh ringing swcot
Of bar adver chim I
Holy smile of God,
Hiiread thy glory mild,
Underneath lh sod,
Oa Ibis litil child I
Mn, Mc Mailt rt.
Th family la like book
1'he children ar lh leave,
The parent are lh cover, that
Frulecliv beauty give.
Al first, lh page of lh book
Are blank and purely fair;
lint lime an wrileih memories,
And painttlb niemorirs there.
Love is the little golden clap
That biudelh up lh trust; .
O, break it not, lest all llie leave
Shall (caller mid be lost I
IsTFiitKSTixa Incident at a Weddino.
A curious scene occurred recently at St.
Piter's Cliiirch, Lircrpool. Early in the
nitirniiig, a hackney carriage drove up to
the pnlis of the church, and out jumped
a pleasnnt looking fellow, who was imme
diately followed by a buxom loss. Tliry
proceeded townrd the church door, but
just as the bridegroom was entering
the porch, a lady's hand enme in contact
with his head, and a regulur "mill" follow
ed. His nntngouist was another young
woman, and judgiug from the manner in
which she used her arms, she must luive
been " taking lessons'" for some time previ
ous to the encounter. The uniorlunuto
bridegroom wns doubled up in no time;
and, in order to csaipc great punishment,
ho dipped awny, and ran into the center
of the church. The row now wns at its
climax shouts, yells, expressions of reject
el luvc, mingled with a slight sprinkling
of unparliamentary terms, echoed through
the vaulted aisle. After venting all her
rago upon the unfortunate bridegroom, the
"rejected" turned round end gave the
bride a blow between the eyes, which had
the effect of creating a blush such is mod
esty never were. An ineffectual attempt
0:1 the purt of tho latter to retaliate closed
tho proceedings. The Amazon retired,
and tho Inippy (?) couple, after sharing
each other's sorrows, mingled into one.
A Thrilling Tale. One of these pro
dui t ons is always to be found in the New
York Ledger. Here is a specimeu from a
recently published talc:
' You ore going,' she said.
' 1 must.'
' I know it. When will you be back?'
' As soon, sweet love, as my duties will
How soon will that be?'
' Possibly in a month, possibly in a week.'
1 Promise me that you will return as
soon as you possibly cau.'
' I do promise.'
' Swear it,' she said, breathing hard.
' I do swenr it I'
I By your father's gravel'
' I swear!'
' By all your earthly hopes!'
I I swear!'
' By ull your heavenly aspirations!'
'I swear 1'
By our mutual love!'
By our mutual love, I swear to yon,
Lionnie, that, as soon as I can justly do so,
I will return to you!'
How people can devour the sickly senti
mentality of the story papers, is more than
we can conceive. They read .month after
month, and never get a useful fact for their
New Antidotb fob the Poison Oak.
The effects of contact with the poison oak,
says the San Mateo Gazette, have long
b( en a terror to our people, and we have
couseqnently taken some pains to I arn
if a speedy and easily accesible antidote
existed. Our search has been rewarded
by (he information that almost invariably
near the ouk vine so much dreaded, may be
found a plant, the leaves of which, simply
rubbed upon the parts effected by the ioi
son, will immediately remove all irritation
and injurious effect. This plant is called
" wild wormwood," but for the better in
formation of those who do not know it by
this oatne we will describe it. It jtows
about two feet high; iu aroma somewhat
resembles that of wild mint; iu leaf is aboot
foor inches) long, is narrow, and forked.
The color of the leaf is t dirk green on the
opper amrfaee, and Bnderneatli ia whitish.
When the wonnwaed ' not applied U the
affected part immediately after coutaet with
the poison oak, it will be iieceaaarj to make
t tiroes rfcccstioa tod tpfJp with dotht
OREGON CITY, OREGON, JULY 7, 18C0.
The Baatart Vavatly.
It has seldom fallen to the lot of man to
tee such amazing vicissitude! of fortune,
affecting himself and family, at hat been
witnessed by ex-King Jerome Bonaparte.
Th dreams of romance have been excelled
by the actual realities of his life. He is
the only surviving brother of the illustrious
Napoleon, and was bora Iu 1784. So
long hat the latter been an historical char
acter, that, at first, it appears almost im
possible that tha great conqueror, who af
ter running the most remarkable career of
twenty years that the world ever saw, ter
minated it by his death nearly forty years
ago, upon tho Hock or St. Helena, should
have a brother now occupying a high posi
tion in the French Government.
Of all liis family, he alone is permitted
to witness both tho remarkable rise In pros
perity and fortune and their subsequent
tremendous downfull, and their equally
wonderful return to the height of power
and influence. Hit recollection goes back
to the time when the fumily of Bonaparte
was not known beyond the range of a few
friends and acquaintances, and when Its
members, In private life, were compelled to
struggle in obscurity with penury and mis
fortune. He cun recollect his mother, a
a widow, with lurge family of children
upon her hands, and when it required a
bard conflict to obtain for them the neces
sary means of subsistence. He was in
early manhood when the genius of his bro
ther Grst burst upon the world, and opened
to his relatives visions of power and splen
dor that never, even in the wildest Sight
of his imagination, had they previously en
tertained. He saw his brothers ond sisters
placed by the magic wand of Napoleon
npon nearly all the thrones of Europe, and
decked with diadems and coronets.
For the first time in the history of Eu
rope was the extraordinary spectacle ob
served of a family of private citizens par
celing thrones and crowns among them
selves, os if they were the merest baubles.
Jerome was thirty-one years old when the
dark clouds of disaster and misfortune
gathered black and heavy over the fortunes
of his family, and when the storm came
that swept them from their height of gran
deur and glory into the depth of humilia
tion and abasement. He saw tho star of
the Bonnpnrte destiny, so often Apostro
phized by Napoleon, sink beneath the
clouds, nppnrently never to rise again.
For nearly forty years the blackness of
night enveloped it. Not one of the origi
nal family saw this long night to a close,
Stive Jerome; as, before that itnr again
emerged from the political horizon, they
wero nil deceased. Jerome has had the
remarkable felicity to see the fortunes of
his fumily re-established under a new Na
One of the chiefs of the old Empire, he
hoids a similar position in the new. He
directs the counsels of the Regent Empress
Eugenie, as he had previously done those
of Maria Louisa. A great historical mon
ument of the past Is this old King Jerome,
who personally has witnessed the most re
markably family history that the world has
ever seen. It is not yet finished. He has
t:ot yet attained the most extreme old age,
nnd it is possible that he may see events
affecting his family quite as startling and
remarkable as those which have hitherto
characterized its career.
Death f lb I.al ef tk (tnrvtvera at
(he Wyeaalac Mawaere.
The Cleveland Plaiudealer says: Mrs.
John Weedon died in Columbia, Lorain
county, Ohio, on Friday evening Inst, aged
83 years. She was born in Jamestown,
Rhode Island, in 1776, and was married in
1798. Her husband, with whom she lived
happily for sixty-two yenrs, is still alive
and In remarkably good health considering
his extreme age. Mrs. Weedon's maiden
name was Bnrshcba Martiu. She wts one
of last turvivors of the Wyoming Massacre.
One night in the year 1778, the Wyoming
Valley a spot of matchless beauty was
laid waste and most of its inhabitants were
murdered in cold blood by Indians and the
British. The historians have told the
frightful tale and all are familiar with it,
The poet Campbell has also told it in su
A few of the inhabitants escaped, among
whom was the family of William Martin,
Mrs. Weedon't father. Mn. Weedon
was twelve yean old at that time, and the
retained a vivid recollection of the massacre
until her death. She was a prisoner with
t her sister in the fort where every male was
put to death with the tomahawk. The
sisters left the Valley with their father and
' mother and little sister, and traveled, with
a flag of truce, through the dense forest till
they were within forty milat of the Cou
necticnt River. There they were met by
two ef Mr. Martin's toot and taken to Col
chester. Mr. Martin and his family left
j Rhode Island for Wyoming, Pe, a few
vaart before the nasfrture, perforaiag tba
, ardoooa journey on too, inaivas m
day of iron btadt, brave hearts, and will
1 that oraer fcurei
Meettai taalaat the Plata.
A small nomlier of white men, in traveling
upon the plulus, should not allow a party
of ttrango Indians to approach them, un
less able to resist an attack under the most
favorable circumstances. It it a safe
rule, when a man finds himself tloue in the
prairies, and sees a party of Indians ap
proachiug, not to allow them to couie near
him, and If they persist in to doing, to sig
nal them to keep away. If they do not
obey, and he bt mounted upon a fleet
horse he should make for the nearest timber.
If the Indium follow and press him closely,
he should turn around and point bit gun
at the foremost, which will often htvt the
effect of turning thtm back, but he must
never draw triggers unless he finds that
his life depends upon the shot; for at toon
as his shot it delivered, hit sol dejiendence
unless he have time to reload must be on the
flectnest of his horse. On approaching
strangers these people put their horses at
full tpeed, and persons not familiar with
their peculiarities ind babitt might Inter
pret this at an act of hostility; but it Is
their custom with friends at well tt ene
mies, and should occasion groundless alarm.
When a party is discovered approaching
thus, and are near enough to distinguish
signals, all that is necessary iu order to
ascertain their disposition, it to raise the
right hand with the palm in front, and
gradually push it forward and buck sever
al timet. They all understand this to be a
command to halt, and if they are not hostile
it will be at once obeyed. After they have
stopped, the right and Itft, which signifies
" I do not know you. Who arc you?"
As the wild tribes have their peculiar pan
tomimic signals by which they are known,
they will then answer the inquiry by giving
their signal. II this should not bt under
stood, they may be asked if they are frttid-
ly by ra sing both hands grasped Iu the
manner of shuking hands, or hy locking the
two fore fingers firmly while the . hands
are held np. If friendly, they will respond
with the same signul; but if enemies, they
will probably disregard the command to
halt, or give the signal of anger by closing
the linud, placing it against tho forehead,
and turning it hack and forth.whilo in thnt
position. The pantomimic vocabulary is
understood by all prairie Indians, and when
oral communication is impracticable, it con
stitutes the court or general council of the
plains. The sigus aro txceeJingly grace
ful nnd significant; and, what was a fact
of much astonishment to me, I discovered
they were very nearly tho sauio as those
practised by the mutes in the deaf and dumb
schools, and comprehended by them per
fectly. The Mtwlatlppl River ace Vordaut.
The St. Louis News of May 9 says:
A fact was revealed in court at New Madrid
in this State, lust week, which is not a
little startling in a scientific point of view,
as tending ta show that the Mississippi riv
er of to-day Is not the stream it was half a
century ago. One of the oldest inhabitants
of New Madrid stated on oath, thnt he had
known the river more than fifty years, and
that when he first knew It, it was a much
smaller and shallower stream than it is now
so shallow, indeed, that he had wuded and
forded it often. Several other old residents
of New Madrid confirm this statement,
and declare that the river at that point,
now more than a mile wide, was fordublo
half a century ago.
If these strange assertions be true, the
great " Father of Floods" is i:o more the
stream it was when Marquette and Dk
Soto floated on its bosom, than the full
grown man of to-day is the boy he was
twenty years since. May not the shallow
ness, however, of which these old inhabi
tants of New Madrid speak, have been
merely a temporary feature of the streum
at that point, produced by the subterrauenn
throes of 1811-12, which lasted three
months, nearly overthrew the villogo of
New Madrid, and left the marks of their
fearful visitation in the yawning seams and
chasms which, even to this day, are found
in the southeast corner of Missocri? Those
earthquakes which kept a portion of Mis
souri, a portion of Tennessee, and a portion
of Kentucky in a state of tinintermitttd vi
bration for a period of more than six
mouths, were so violcut at times as to roll
the Mississippi back on its souree, and
cause it to actually fioit up tlrtam for
lietnty four hour; to the unspeakable ter
ror of the scattered dwellers on its banks,
and the crews of the broad-horns that
floated on its troubled bosom. May not
the same cause have produced a shallow
ness lasting for several years, which induc
ed the aid residents of New Madrid to re
gard t'ae river at a comparatively small
W& A New England writer aayt that
it hat been found thtt negroes can be bet
ter trusted than white men, not to betray
! secret. We suppose that thit it ajioo the
principle that they always keep dark.
aV Bo Jest, tad fear aot.
side of Truth in every issue.
Total V.etlst th Hat, July t. t0.
The total eclipse of tho sjn which will
occur on tho 18th July next, it regarded
by astronomer as the most Important
which will be witnessed during the present
century. It will be visible at a partiul
eclipse throughout the Uuiud Slates, but
will be total only in a small part of Oregon
and Washington Territory. The central
line of the moon's shadow will strike the
coast fifteen niilrt north of the mouth of
Columbia rirer ( Ut. 40 drg. 25 min. N.)
soon after sunrise, and the breadth of the
shndow will be eighty miles. Moving
thence In a northeast direction, it will pass
near to Olympia; across the southern ex
tremily of Flathead lwkc, and uorth of hike
Winnipeg, to York Factory, in lutitudc
57 ilt-g. X., and on the southwest side or
Hudson's liny. At Ft. York, the breadth
of the shadow will be one hundred and
five miles. It will leave this continent at
Cape Childley (or Cliudleigli), the north
east point ol Labrador, in Tut. 51 deg. N.,
and, bending first eastward and afterward
to the sontheast, after traversing the At
lantic ocean, it will reach Spain near to
Santander, on tho Bay of Biscay. Tho
shadow will next puss over the entire sur
face drained by tho waters of the river
Ebro; nearly all of the Buleario islands,
except Minorca; strike Algeria near Cape
Carbon; pass to the south of Tripoli; and,
finally, at 10 h. 40 a. in (mnan time Wash,
iugton), it will leave the earth at Mtisso
wa, on tha Red Sen. The end of the
rclipso will be about on hour later. At
Astoria, the duration of the total eclipse
w.ll be 1 min. 64 sec'.; at Cape Childley,
2 min. 50 see's.; in Spain, 3 min. SO see's.;
and in Algeria, 3 min. 12 see's. It is du
ring this phase, and when the whole of the
direct light is cut off from the observers,
that protuberances, sometimes rose-colored,
sometimes black, and on other occasions
resembling luminous clouds, are witmss-d
as appendices apparently to the sun. To
detrrmine their true character, is an object
of most earnest endeavor, and ut every
occurrence of a total ecl'pso s nnomeis
undertake long journeys for the purpose of
placing themselves near the central line
of the shadow, whence only are the pheno
mena v's'l lo. At the lust total eclpe
visible on this continent, one ustrouoiu r
went from France to the no t tern part of
Brazil; a second from this country (under
the auspices of the Smithsonian Institution)
traversed the desert in thi norilii rii put
of Pern; anil a third went Irom Chili also
to Pern. Tho two former were successful;
the Inst encountered a cloudy morning.
But, apart from tho study of the solar
physics, for which the next eclipse, in com
parison with that just referred to, will be
favornble in the proportion of three to one,
its entirely across this continent and a
part of Europe, whose longitude has been
carefully determined, affords an opportunity
to fix the geographical position of both the
east and west const of North America
with a precision which will not aguiu occur
dnrin.2 very many years.
It is known thnt tho astronomer royal
of England will go to Sunt indcr, nnd other
parties will accompany him thither, to occu
py stations at Portugaletc, Billion, Piimpe
lunn, etc. The Bavarian astronomer pro
poses to place himself near the month of
the Jviro, on the Mediterranean, anil the
French will occupy Palma, in Majorca,
and Burgia, in Algeria; so that there will
be near a hundred European observers
stretched along the center of the shadow in
Europe and Africa, a force ample to gather
a rich harvest of physical results as well
as of corresponding data for our greogra-
phicnl question. National Intelligencer.
A Beautiful Incident Connected wtiii
the Mt. Versos Association. The Na
tional Intelligencer relates tho following
beautiful incident connected with tlie ef
forts of the Indies to purchase and preserve,
in its original stylo, the Home of Washing
"From various circumstances beyond
control, South Carolina has been one of
the few Stntcs unrepresented in this bnnd
of sisterly patriots notwithstanding which,
she has voluntarily contributed a consid
able amount towards the 'Fund.' Now
we understand tlie Regent of tho Associa
tion has succeeded In obtaining the name of
Sirs. Mnry thesnut, the mother of the
South Carolina Senator, as Vice-Regent for
that State. This lady, now eighty-five
rears of age, has the proud happiness of
being aiilo to say, what few living can say,
that she had a perianal acquaintance will)
Gen. Washington. In the spring of 1789
Washington visited Trenton, ami wns re
ceived with the most enthusiastic demon
strations by the people, especially by the
ladies. A "triumphal arch" wns erected
on the bridge over the Assanpinck Creek,
at the entrance of which six young girls
strewed flowers before him and snug a song
of welcome. (Jim of those girls is now
Mrs. Chesnut. And she who in the dawn
of life sang the song of triumphant welcome
to 'The Hero now in its wane joins those
who are endeavonnr to pay the noblest of
tributes to that hero t memory. We cannot
imagine a more beniitirul commcncemi nt
nnd close of life. Who will not unite with
us in the earnest hope that thut life may he
prolonged to witness the hill accomplish
ment of thit noble object?"
To the last sentiment we heirtily re
spond a men.'
teaT Ah, believer, it is only heaven that
is aljove all winds, storms and tempests,
God did not cast man out of Paradise,
that he might be able to find himself anoth
er paradise in this world. The world and
yoa mutt part, or Christ and you will never
meet. " la can not serve uod tod mam
FAiLi.tot. The finest composition of
baman mtare, as well at the finest China,
my have flaws io it, though tha pattern
aty be of thi highest Ytlae.
'J . . J J
KATKS OK ADVKKTItflNUi
On squaiii (twtlv lines, or ls, brevier measure)
n insertion) ......., $ 3 W
Kacli auW,Unl inecrtiun I 00
lluiinsae cards one year JO 00
A liberal deduction will b aiad I lb who
ilvtrlise by th year.
W Th number of Inurtien shoulJ be noted
en the margin nf an advertisement, ihrwla h)
aill b obliahed nil forbidden, aail charg) ao
fj.- Obituary notice will b charged half th
aboi mtr f adveiliairif.
tJg' Jus 1'aiNTing ecutd with nestneas an)
Payment for Juh Printing mutt It madt
drlirery nf tie trmk.
l'.tlturtnt Lxenmlee Heeet fra prel
Wasiiinutox, May 8. About threo
hundred Western Editors and Publisher!
of Western and Southwestern papers, ac
companied by about one hundred ladies,
called upon tha President to-dny.nnd wero
received by him Id tho great Eust
Room. Mr. A. S. MrrcHtxr., of tha St.
Louis News, spoke in behalf of hit uso
elates, and commended tlum to tha hospi
table welcomo of the President. Tha
President replied at follows:
Sir I am happy to greet you and the
hundreds around me, tuoro estn ciully be
cause of tho presence of the Indies, who
never como to trouble but to cheer mo. I
assure you, you are heartily weicome.
This liousu it not a pnlace, to be ture, aa
you have styled It, but it Is altogether tho
People's, and the President himself who
occupies it It only the Chief Servant of
the People. There It thit peculiarity
about the President, that he Is elected by
the People, and he owes no allegiauca to
any human power but tho People. (Ap
plause.) The duties of the President art
hurd, and I shall toon retire from tbeiu;
and if the new President that is to come in
shall lie to happy iu assuming the dutict of
the office as I am in laying them down, ha
will be fortunate indeed. Nevertheless, it
seems that there will be no lack of men
quite willing to enduro the Presidency.
(LnughUr.) We aro likely to have can
didates enough to represent all the isms
known to the country. Nevertheless, I am
persuaded thut the prevailing wish of tho
American People will be to cherish and
preserve tho Constitution as it is and the
Union. (Applause.) For my part, I
should desire to draw no single breath be
yond the existence of thit our beloved
Union. (Much applause.) I am pleased
to see this assembling together of to many
nf the Editorial fraternity. I think itt
effi-ct will be salutary on yourselves, in
relieving your rclutions of much of that
itcriiiiotiy that has sometimes marker! tha
press. 1 am reminded 01 an anecdote mat
I know not whether I should reiute.
(Cries of "Tell it," "Goon.") It occurred
wlu-n I was Minister to England. I wot
talking with a distinguished English states
man, who said to me, "Mr. Buchanan, I
should infer from your newspapers thnt the
American 1'uoplo always choose out their
greatest scoundrels and make them Pres
ident." (Much laughter.) I replied that
t d.d look so, but it was only a way wo
had to talk of each other thus- we really
didn't always mean it."
Mr. Buchunan closed by expressing tgalu
a cordial welcome to his guests, and then
proceeded to receive them each by the hund
warmly, aa they separately presented tlivin-
After leaving the Whito House, tho tour
ists proceeded to Mount Vernon,
A rnornEcv Fulfilled. Iu tho Illi
nois contest of 1858, Judgo Douglas had
much to sny about tho scctionulity of tha
Republican party. In reply to one of these
tirades, not always expressed in tho mott
becoming language, Hon. Abraham Lin
coln used tho following remarkable terms:
"I ask his attention, also, to the fact
that by the rule of nutioanality ho It him
self fust becoming sectional. I ask hit
attention to the fact that his speeches would
not go as current now South of the Ohio
river ns they havo formerly gone there.
I ask his uttcntion to the fact that he fe
licitates himself to-dny that ull tho Demo
crats of the Free. States are agreeing with
him. If he has not thought of this, I com
mend to his consideration the evidence of
his own declaration on this day, ef hit
becoming sectional too. I see it rapidly
approaching. Whatever may be tho result
of this ephemeral contest between Judge
Douglas nnd myself, I et thei day rapidly
opprouchiny when hit pill of tec.tionalitm,
which he hat been thrusting down tht
throatt of Rrpuhlicunt for year past, will
Le crowded down his own throat,"
Another W4Rni.no to Youko L4Dit
wno Read Novels and Writs Poetrv,
Tho Henderson (Ky.) Reporter tayis
We understand that a young ludy of
Uniontown, a few days since, committed
suicide under rather romantic circumstances.
Miss Catherine Adams for thnt was her
mime formed an attachment for a young
gentleman, which wns not appreciated or
reciprocated. She procured a gun, tad
plnccd the muzzle against her head ami
pulled the trigger with her toe, blowing
out her brains, and killing herself Instantly,
This unfortunate affair was the result of
novel reading. The young lady wat ac
complished nnd hat written several very
pretty literary pieces.
Slander. Aguiust slander there is no
defence. II ell cannot boast so foul a fiend;
nor man deplore so foul a foe. It stabs
with a word with a nod with a shrog
with a look with a smile. It it the pesti
lence walking in darkness, spreading con
tagion fur and a ide, which the most wary
traveler cannot avoid. It It the henrt
searching dagger of the assassin. It ia tha
poisoned arrow whose wound k incurable.
It is the mortal sting of the deadly adder.
Murder it itt employment Innocence Its
prey and Ruin Its sport.
t& An old clergyman, one Sunday al
the close of the sermon, gave notice to tha
congregation that in the coarse of a week,
he expected to go en a mission to the heath,
en. Olie of the Deacons, in great agitation, .
exclnmied " Why, my dear tir, yon have
never told nt one word of thit beforal
What thall we do?" "Ob! brother,"
said the parson, " I dost expect to go oat