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fui OltKGON AltGUS,
nv d. w. cbaiu.
TER MS OF SVBSCRIl'tlOS.
n. Art- at Tkr" Volta"
. if Fd ' i"""'
'".i i . lit wiir it !' '' ' ''". Fanr
"L, Poller, will Uehargiifareia mantht-
V iitemtinutd until all arrearage
8i,tU eopia Itieulyfirteml:
(Fiom tin Spanieli
My lovo elept thew,
...i.- .i..Jw of my hnlr,
. ' i nvn treoeee' dowuwi
i i..k mitnBlita eloml
i k.ri niv iraaaea bright,
Bal U.e ipotirt Uewo I""1 'If m lo and froi
Y my whefwm 10 lb
Ab! doee be no remember it, or no?
He mid he loved to jar
And the miHiiiRlit of my dark, Monrl.h eyes:
And be vowed he'd Willi win,
Should hie love bo all in ruin t
So he " nie wil'' 6
Tiien I Ibf my r,v,n ,,l,ir'
A t ninnlle. on liim llmre,
bwin-ling him within ile mmy llow
And, iilkiwi oil my bre.iel,
lie Uy in nwei-t mired
Ahl don ho now remember it, ir not
Tut Hebrews. A lute writer, who hus
dipped deeply into tlic calculation, asserts
that there nre two hundred thousand Jews
in tlio Uuitcd Stated, while in England
there ore only thirty-fire thousand. To
any one fumilliar with the history of this
people, no stronger argument could be
used, to show that the tide of commerce
lias set toward this country in a manner
that will in a very short time outstrip all
the world. The Jews huve invariably been
the precursor of commercial greatness.
With their coming to any hind, business
pro.icrily has grown up. We do not mean
to mj that they have created it, but their
instinct for gain hus caused them to see
where they should locate before it would
bo apparent to other eyes. They ore a
people entirely devoted to business, a He
brew farmer or laborer being almost an
unknown object. Where luxury is most
indulged, there is the Hebrew most in his
element. While they have always been
rxecrated by the Christian world, that
same world has found it hard to get along
without them, nnd every land that has
banished the Jews, has been more glad to
get them back. As a most positive evi
dence of the great prosperity of this land
f tlm fnw unit linrr.n nf tlm lirure we lire.
gld to hear that there '-'--i
thousand Jews in tho United States.
Glad or It. About one half the demo
cratic voters are as glad of the explosion'
of their party as if it were the event they
had most desired nnd prayed for. Tho
truth is that the best men in that party
have voted that ticket under protest for
some time back. They have not approved
its policy; they have been offended by its
subserviency to the slave power, and have
only stuck to it as long as they have, in
the hope that something would turn up
to get it out of its unworthy position.
When the alternative was presented at
Charleston that it must dive deeper and
come np dirtier than ever before in behalf
of slavery, or fall to pieces, they were
quite ready to accept the latter and re
joice in it. They now feel at liberty to
seek more congenial associations, and are
glad to be relieved from a party fealty that
hus long been uncongenial and irksome.
It is not easy for a man to quit a party with
which he has long voted, even though his
moral convictions are all against its princi
ples and policy. Thousands of such men
have clung to the democratic party to thef
last, tnd they now rejoice in the falling off
of the chains they had not the power to
Death of Lady Bvnos. We learn that
on the 17th May, Lady Byron, the widow
of the great poet, died ot Condon, in the
sixty-sixth year of her age. She was born
in 1794, and was the only daughter ond
heir of Sir Ralph Milbanke Noel, Baronet.
In 1856 she succeeded to the barony of
Wcntworth. She was married to Lord
Byron in 1815 the union proving, as is
well known, most unhappy to both husband
and wife, and he lived with his wife only
some thirteen months. Their only child,
Ada, tote daughter of my home and heart,"
as married to Earl Lovelace, and died
ight years ago.
The marriage of Byron with Miss Mil-
oauice was ne prompted by motives of
A Rark Witness. A Belgian journal
Rives as example of a hosbaad ready to do
justice te his wife ender most trying ctrcum
"ees. The wife being accused of poisoo
,Bg, and n the point of being convicted,
Wged that her husband's testimony might
1 admitted in her favor. This request
granted, and the man declared that
the best proof of her innocence was the fact
thlt waa alive, " for," said he, " I
n snre that if my wife had possessed the
k"t disposition to poison any one, she
would have began with me, whom she has
wed cordially for ten years." The jury
B5nd, and the woman was acqnitted.
Exports.!,, the year 1859 the United
states exported to England one hundred
ad sixty-x million, aeventr-eight thous
M. seven hundred and thirty-fonr dollars
value. Ia the same year we exported
to France to the value of fort v-three
E ":02s of dollar.
J Weekly Newspaper, devoted to tie Interests of tlio Laboring Glasses, and advocating the
tWe (.kitiia tiivckUoa
Corraepondenoo of Ihe Argue.
Dear Sir: It wis my Intention to tend
yon some sketches of the Chicago Conven
tion, but my time has been wholly occu
pied. Before this reaches you, yen will
havo published In substance what I should
have written but perhaps a few para
graphs from an eye-witness may not be
Tho Wigwam, of which yoo have had
descriptions, when filled to Its utmost ca
pacity, held twelve thousand people. Be
fore each session of the Convention, more
than an hour was consumed in being seat
ed. Delegates were admitted by a special
door; gentlemen with Indies or gallery
tickets, by another; reporters and editors,
of whom more than a thousand were pres
ent, by a third; and, lust of all, the side
doom were thrown open, and the impatient
crowd rushed into the floor immediately in
front o( tho delegates' platform. Often
but one leaf of the folding doors could be
opened; the others were burst In by the
outside pressure, carrying to the floor,
sometimes under, sometimes over them, a
squad of luckless men. Fortunately, no
one wns seriously Injured.
The delegates and spectators, while not
striving to tmitato the mock enthusiasm of
'ye Old Fogic' Convention at Bnltiiuorc,
in which every word of every speaker wos
followed by "cheers," were actuated from
the first by a spirit of conciliation and def
erence, aiiq mis lucrcaseu when It was
seen how smoothly the machinery of the
Convention worked. No doubt the hearty
welcome which every one heard from the
people of Chicago, tho perfect arrange-
ment of everything for the comfort a,,d
convenience of the multitudes present, con
tributed to the harmony of the somewhat
discordant elements. 'o one who has !
dealt with men in masa has failed t0 0!"
serve that they carry the spirit of their
privute relations into their public behavior.
The Republican party and the country
owe much to tho hotel-keepers of Charlcs-
tnn. and much to thnso of riii The
""Ui" outburst of enthusiasm was on
I my unimuiin-iiH-in, ui jiuihcc urccH'y as
member ol the
oininittce on i'lutlbrm and
It was re-
ceived with universal apiiluusc, and cries of
Ht (ii... ,1'T T.' w t .i
ijjjvii um j mi iiiufci iiwiu muse in'ur
""Tfwas felt that the greatest difficulty of
the Convention would be to create a plat
form acceptable tn ull the clusses repre
sented, and especially to tho laborers of
Pennsylvania. The committee, knowing
the responsibility resting on them, labored
till nun nVlnf-l? nf niirht oMthnnf ntvwlnpiniv
in-. . , .. A .
f f VLi,
. ., ..ii . ,1 license system is in tho way; and it should
five was then oppoiuted, who spent most of,, , .,, .
the remaining night-time and nil the suc
ceeding day till noon, in consultation. The
result is the most perfect and unequivocal
statement of Republican faith ever written,
the wisest nnd most diplomatic points of
nJijyh. think I am safe in saying, Oregon
i. j 1 1.
ind the honor to contribute Knch section
f the report was received with hearty ap
jlanse by the house as it was rend, but the
one relative to revenue and tariff produced
TsceneTvT?cTrrrTs"im7 to describe!
Twelve thousand peoplo
in the Wigwam.
aTTaTujaiTTouTSi(T!r (io whom its purport
uncontrollable iov. The cheering was re-
neweu again and again, until it seemed to
cease from sheer exhaustion. The Presi
dent and Vice Presidents, the members of
the National Executive Committee, our
tried leaders, who knew that on that reso
lution might hang the destinies of the par
ty, turned to each other with glistening
eyes, and whispered, "We're saved! we're
saved I" Then came the inevitable amend
ments, but only one was admitted, the
general impression seeming to be that a re
port from five of the ablest men in a party
could not be really amended in a large and
promiscuous assembly. When the resolu
tions were adopted in a body, without dis
cussion, there was a renewal of the wildest
expressions of delight, and it was with dif
ficulty that a motion to adjourn could at
length be put.
The unanimity and rapidity with which
the Convention chose its Presidential can
didate, were astonishing to every one. The
first ballot indicated nothing; but the sec
ond produced a buzzing among Seward's
friends, who had expected a sufficient time
to maneuver in. An inspection of the ta
bles showed that the doubtful States and
those which had cast complimentary votes
were all centering on Lincoln. Pnringthe
third ballot, there was tolerable order, un
til Oregon declared for Lincoln, rendering
hi nomination certain. At this point, the
enlLmnnni became irreprfssihi': the Wig-
e?in was shfr;n,iffieh rhM'n 'mm twenty-1
njjlicaMr- which - were 1
Fed as tlat alter State declared its
"the man whojoi
spin rails and maul
when a rather pre-1
mature arffit announced hi nomination,
U'lU SgTBfH UUl;aguislid iceo are Mlfl 13 ,
REGON CITY, OREGOf, JULY 14, 1860.
It was perhaps half an hour
Ifv. chairman of the New
: delegation. conl jwnrf a stilhrirnt
silence to move that the choice of the Con-
VUlHoll li nini)?Umplmnnii
That day, dispatches were received from
Mr. Seward, and from numerous promi
nent places, announcing satisfactioa with
the result. Since then, I bare passer
through five States, and found everywh
a vigorous cumpalgn already begun
Oregon give the Great Western
majority of hrr votes ?
IIiuii.to.v, X. V., Juno 1, 1SC0.
T.d. A rocs: A portion of the citizens of
Salem held a Teniieraiice meeting on the
evening of the 2J lust., and discussed,
among other things, the following:
" Ilesolved, That the licence system is
an outrage upon good sense and good rov
eminent; that if selling liquor is poprr,
all should be permitted to sell without
buying the prhiltyt; if impmjx, it should
be prohibited; thut honest liq jor advocates
and Temperance men should unite to have
frtr liquor or prohibition."
What say Temperance men to this reso
lution? Heretofore they have acted too
much in accordance with the dying father's
advice to his son: "John," said he, "get
money; get it honetUy, if yoo can; but be
ir to get money." So with them. They
would restrict the evils of intemperance by
prohibition, but, if unable to do so in that
way, they would retain tho license with all
conwueu us",,fM' mea"ncM' onu a(
I ' ""n, ,ur l"u resiriluo" 11
1 lm Tbere are awm! reasons why it
i8l,0"IJ be f crwi,8C: h The license system
"PPs those who are unable to pay the
ut-viinv ice, uurcusunuuiy iuvonng me run
2. Buying iw privilege to do a legitimate
. . . , , ,,. . ...
of a free government, a monstrous ab-
surdity. Why not license farmers? We
are vstd to the license system, otherwise it
would require an txccllcut pair of specta
cles and superior vision to see tho differ
ence between it and the veriest tyrannical
feature of the Russian government. 3. If
selling liquor is an evil, license legalizes
wrong. 4. License rerders the liquor busi
ness respectublo. Let whisky be sold on
the streets, that the truffle may show its
lov'lincti, if it be lovely, to the commonest
The object of discussing tho resolution
the other evening was to devclopc gen
eral action that would lead to an effi
cient result. We have becu working too
much on tho " helter-skelter" principle
rather as travelers going nowhere upon a
road leading to no place. The great ob-
ject is the removal of intemperance,
be removed as rubbish from the field of
battle, that free trade and no trado may
have a fair fight.
The resolution was argued, and then laid
over as the principal topic for discussion
on the first Monday evening in August. j
.Would it not be well for Temperance men
to respond to tho call of the State Society
to hold meetings the first Monday evening
of every month? nud then to consider
whether free trado or prohibition is the
true ground for us to occupy? The dis
cussion of this question will bring out all
other points connected with Temperance.
The use of native wines as a beverage, the
utility of the pledge, and the propriety of
the people's taking hold of the discussion
not depending on great Temperance lectu
rers so much were considered worthy of
How is it? Shall we have a general
uprising 011 Temperance? Will editors
" pitch in" on either side of the question,
to put the ball in motion? and then will
they keep pitching in? True, the Presi
dential election is on hands, but that will
soon be over, when our services will not be
needed again for some time. We are a
fast people. The liquors we drink, with
the potency of alcohol and strychnine, are
fast hurrying some of our fust people to
ruin, and unless we work fust, with a fast
rcmedv to correct the evils of intemncr-
ance, hundreds and thousands may be
found a few vears hence sticking fast in the
mire of physical, mental, and moral degra
dation, as a negative result of our lazy
Let us haste to put down license to
quit drinking currant as well as other
wines. But if this is not to be done, let
us find out by our monthly meetings what
ihall be done. C. Hoeu
Salem, July 6, 1860.
Letters of Dismission. A Congrega
tionalist writer says: " Whco may a church
deny a letter of dismission to any of its
members? When it ia dealing with him
in the war of disciplise; when be desires
it at large to the world; when be desires
it to a false church."
" Formalisms." An Eastern exchange
J ' mvj ......
TOtd against the reading of sermons, an
savs: "The Troy .Meinouisw ouierruc
innovation which is creeping in wiw oiucr
formalisms." . i
? .... . ..1 .1 !
Vtvti Aeaaal Vale ef tae Clackaaiat titi
e Society will hold Its first Annual
Fan at Oregon City, on Sept. 27 and 28,
I860. The following is the list of preml
runs offered by the Executive Committeo:
Fonr years old and upward 1st premi
um, 13; 2d, 13.
Under four years old and ever three
m pi-em., fjj 2d, fa.
I nder three and over two 1st prem.,
2; 2d, $1.
Under two and over one 1st pre., f 1 CO.
MARTI AND COI.TS, AND COI.TS.
Brood mare over four years old 1st
premium, $3; 2d, $2.
Mure colt, under four and over three
1st prem., $2; 2d, $1.
Mare colt, under three and over two
1st prem., $1 00; 2d, $1.
Mare colt, under two and over one 1st
Colt under one year old 1st premium,
$2; 2d, $1.
MATCHED AND SINOI.R MORfES.
Best span of horses 1st premium, $3.
Saddle horse 1st premium, $2.
SWEEPSTAKE I'REMIl'U OX HORSES.
Stallions of any age or bre d to pay an
entrance fee of two dollars each; winning
horses to take " the pilo" (after paying
twenty per cent, thereon to tho Society),
as follows: 1st premium, two thirds of the
whole; 2d, one third.
Bull over four years old 1st premium,
$5; 2d, $3.
Bull under four and over three 1st
Bull under three and over two 1st pre
Bull under two and orer one 1st pre
mium, $1 50.
Bull calf over six months old $1.
Cow over four years old $3.
Cow under four and over three $2.
Two-year old heifer $1 50.
Yearling heifer $1.
1 lei for calf over six months old $1.
lleifcr calf nnder six months $1.
Buck 1st prem., $3; 2d, $1 50.
Lot of five ewes 1st premium, $3; 2d,
Boar-lst premium, $2.
Sow with five pigs 1st premium, $1 50.
BITTER AND CHEESR.
Twentv-five pounds butter 1st prem.,
$3; 2d, $2.
Fivo pounds butter 1st premium, $2;
Lot of cheese, at least two weighing 12
pounds each $2.
Lot of cheese under 12 lbs. each $1 50.'
Crop not less than two acres ench of
wheat, barley, oats, corn, rye, and buck
wheat, each $2. Xot less than one acre
each of peas and potatoes, each, $1. Not
less than hulf acre of beans, flax, broom
corn, onions, cabbage, squashes, pumpkins,
sugar beets, rutabagas, mangel wurtzel,
carrots, and hops, each $1.
Lot of six beets, $1. Lot of three
squashes, $1. Lot of six cabbages, $1.
Assortment of garden vegetables, 2.
Lot of apples, $2. Lot of pears, $1 50.
Lot of peaches, $1 50. Grapes 1st pre
mium, $1 ; 2d, 50c. Plums, diploma each
for three or more varieties.
Best stand of bees 1st premium, $2;
Two-horse lumber wagon 1st premium,
$3; 2d, $2.
Set harness, (1. Saddle, 1 50.
Harrow, $1 50. Plow, $2. Cultiva
FARMS AND OROIARDS.
Farm nnder best cultivation 1st pre
mium, $10; 2d, $7.
Orchard over one hundred trees, 1st pre
Bed quilt 1st premium, $1 50; 2d, $1.
Bed qnilt made by girl under twelve
years 1st premium, 1; 2d, 50c.
Ornsmcntul needlework 1st premium,
$1; 2d, 60c.
Fine shirt 1st premium, $1; 2d, 50c.
Needle-worked collur, $1. Embroidery,
$1. Woollen socks by girl under twelve
Five dollars will be offered for a plowing
Discretionary premiums will also be
awarded on miscellaneous indoor and out
door articles not enumerated in the forego-
!Ki8,i h premiums not to exceed $25
in lha afWftYtA
in the aggregate,
Committee on Hortet. J. R. Ralston,
S. W. Moss, C. W. Noblett, Jas. Barlow,
Committee on Cattle. A. B. Holcomb,
Wm. Elliott, J. D. Garrett, S. W. May,
C. F. Beatie.
Committee on Sheep and Steine. J. S.
Rinearson, F. C. Cason, Geo. Graham,
C. W. Bryant, D. D. Tompkins.
Committee on Model Farm ond Or
chard. A. E. Wait, John L. Barlow,
L. D. C. Latonrette, William Abernethy,
W. C. Johnson.
Committee on Dairy Product and Poul
try. Tbm. Charman, William Dirrdorff,
Henry E. Hayes.
Committee on Small Grain and Field
Crop. D. Harvey, G. Y. White, W. A.
Committee on Vegetable S. D. Fran
cis, Tboe. Johnson, T. S. Uewland.
Committee on Armlet Rth I.iitlins
- - 11 nf
J. H. Blacker, P. M. Rinearson, J. tt.
w. ii i. 1
iwuo, . uroca.
Lomnitte on Tear.-. A. L. Loroy,
sido of Trutli in every issue.
D. D. Tompkins, A. E. Wait, iySiulUl
On Small Fruit. 3. R. llb', A. F,
Hedges. B. Jennings. Jaa Warton, John
On Dettli. P. ToiAkins. William
Holmes, John Toner.
On Mechanic Art am Manufacture.
A. II. Steele, K. Milrfnn, Geo. Marshall,
John Thomas, Wm. Ll rdorff.
Ladle' Department Vomettie Munit-
fncture. W. C. Johnson, I). 1). nannah,
J. S. Rinearson, J. r . Miller, V. W.l'raig.
Miscellaneous Committee to be compos
ed of tho presidents of the preceding com
mittees. All who wish to compete for premiums
offered for model farms and orchards, will
notify the Secretary at least one mouth
previous to the Fair.
Samuel Miller. Cli'n Ex. Com.
The Military rawer ef Can.
If we regard the three greatest European
military powers in their most prominent
feature, we find that France is an artillery,
Anstria a cavalry, and Prussia an Infantry
power. The artillery system ia Napoleonic,
despotic; the cavalry system, aristocratic
and patrician; the infantry, defensive and
democratic. Bonapartism, however, like
Janus, wears a double mask, which, on one
side, constantly displays the "principles
of 1789;" hence tho infantry, especially
the light troops, have great attention paid
them in the French army. And as democ
racy and revolution are permanently advan
ced to fetch the chestnuts out of the Gre
for Ntteleou, so the French light infantry
skirmish beforo the cannon, whilo the great
despotic blows follow over their heads.
This combination drove the Anstrians
across the Mincio, for the Austrian infantry,
even the numerous riflemen, aro slow and
awkward In their movements.
Supposing that the next continental war
will be between France and Prussia, as wc
have every ground for believing, Prussia
would become the representative and lender
of Germany, and thus the number of her
troops would be raised to nn equality with
those of France. The incalculable advan
tage of being tho first to possess rifled
cannon is lost to France, for such privileges
are found only once in three or four centu
ries among eqnnt nations. Sinco Edward
III., who first ucd guns in tho field, the
history of war can produco no similar in
stance. In the next war, all European
powers will take the field with rifled cannon,
and ull the line have rifled guns. Hence
Prussia only needs to havo a well-trained
light infantry to be able to cope with the
Gallic legions. But with all the care and
attention, the Prussian army will probably
be in a bad position during tho first six
months; for her soldiers are generally young
and apt to breuk down. The first cam
paign would be lost, but Prussia and Ger
many united have sufficient defensive
strength not to despond ut the first defeat.
Europe in a Ferment. The condition
of European affairs at present is extremely
complicated. Italy is in a state of revolu
tion. France, with her iuscrutablo Empe
ror nt her head, is pursuing a policy that
indicates ambitious designs Directing tho
civilized world. Austria seems to be rot
ting at the very core and center of her pow
er. Kustiia, like a huge boa constrictor,
is gliding towards Turkey again. Hunga
ry is as much dissatisfied with her tyrant
oppressor as ever, and the spark of revolu
tion may at any time fire that still smoul
dering mass of combustible dements.
Great Britain is vigilantly watchful,
keeping a steady eye on hor dangerous
neighbor across the channel. Tho papacy
seems to be tottering. Will it fall? If so,
momentous consequences will follow, affect
ing and changing the religious and politi
cal condition of Europe.
Trouble Brewino amono the Ciiero
kees. It is said that a secret organization,
with which no hulf or mixed blood Iudian
is admitted, has been started and is dailjr
extending among the Cherokces. Ilia
strictest secrecy is observed and it Is death,
by the order, to divulge the object of the
society. They hold meetings in the thickets
and in every secret place to initiate members.
The mixed bloods are becoming alarmed,
but every attempt to find out the object
of this secret cabal has thus far proved
abortive. The Fort Smith (Ark.) Time
fears that a frontier massacre is contempla
ted, and calls on the government to exam'
ine into the matter.
Todacco for Boys. A strong and sen
sible writer administers a wholesome dose to
boys who ose tobacco in any form, assuring
them that tobacco baa utterly spoiled and
utterly ruined thousands of boys, inducing
a dangerous precocity, developing the
passions, softening and weakening the bod
ies, and greatly injuring the spinal marrow,
the brain, and the whole nervous fluid. A
bey whe early and frequently smokes or in
any way uses large quantities, of tobacco,
never ia known to make a man of much en
ergy of character, and generally lacks
physical and saoacular, as well as mental
energy. We would particularly warn boyi
who want to be anybody in the world, to
sbna tobacco as a most baneful po'jnu. !
One enuaro (twelve 11, Of Iw, brovitr mair)
mo imertioe J 'H
Kaeh euljeeiieiit InerrtiuB I UJ
llusinm eanlt an Tear SO OO
A liberal deduotiou will Im Iliads lo thoM who
advertise by lha year,
tlf" The number of imerliena ahoulJ be noted
an Hie marfin uf an ailverlnemeiit,.olherwi It
will b publiahfd till forbidden, and charged a
eordiiily. W I iMlnarv baiLh teilt Im lllmlWtl lialf lllO
1 . , . .. Ia ..:-t..-
IV ! I'aiNTiao tieeuled with neatneaa and
Payment fur Job Printing mutt It mailt OH
irliwm af tkt nr.
Hatillcatlon Meeting in Yamhill Co
Lafayette, July 2, I860.
Editor of the Argu : The Republicans
of Yamhill County met hero on Satur
day last to respond to tbo nominations of
ABRAHAM LINCOLN for President,
and HANNIBAL HAMLIN for ice
President, and they ratified the nominations
The meeting was organized by calling
S. M. Gii.MnnE to the Chair, ond apioiiit
ing John H. Hall Secretary.
Mr. G1LMORK, after explaining the
object of the meeting, paid a high tribute
to the personal and political character of
the nominees, and the Convention which
nominated them, and said he did not doubt
their triumphant election in November
The Republican Platform was then In
troduced and read by G. L. Woods, when a
speech waa loudly colled for, from Dr. Mc
BnltiE. Dr. McBRIDE said that ho was not In
a very good ceudition for making a speech,
having a bad cold, hut ho could not refrain
from saying a few words by way of ex
pressing bis entire satisfaction with the
action of tho Chicngo Convention. He
laid it was natural that Mixseuriiuis should
hare felt a preference for Mr. Bates over
ull other men that hnd been named for the
nomination. On ' looking round he found
that there wero about as many lllinolsans
as Misnourians In Oregon who as naturally
prefer Mr. Lincoln; and since tho Domina
tion had been made, and he had becotno
more familiar with the personal and politi
cal history of Mr. Lincoln, ho was not only
satisfied, but believed that he was tho best
and most available mun that could havo
He snid that he came to Oregon a dem
ocrat, and that he bad continued to act
with that party so long as their monstircu
of policy tended to promoto the interests
and tho welfare of the laboring class, in op
position to the measures of the Whig party,
which he honestly believed were culculateil
more for the benefit of tho capitalists of
the country than the poor laboring umn,
and he also thought tho Whig leaders were
more inclined to aristocratic notions than
the Democrats. He had always favored
tho land policy of Benton and other leading
democrats, the effect of which was to keep
the public lands eut of the hands of specu-
ators, and enable the poor man to secure
a homo for himseit aim mmuy, even wcr
lie able to buy only forty acres.
He contrasted tlio policy of tho Solr-
syled Democratic party of the present day,
in a very clear and comprehensive manner,
showing beyond all question and cavil,
that tho policy of the Republican party
now, was precisely like that of the Democ
racy of former days, and that tho present
Democracy wore opposing every measure
calculated to benefit the laboring class,
nud instanced their opposition to the
Homestead Bill, and tho Agricultural Col
lege bill, both of which were designed for
the speciul benefit of the poor mini; the
Homestead Bill giving a homo of one hun
dred and sixty acres to every young man
nnd every head of a family; while tho Col
lege Bill was Intended to furnish young
men with nn education who were unable
to pay for it with money, but who would
be willing to labor three or four hours In a
day for their board aud tuition. Ho snid
that the Southern democracy, who con
trolled the government, wished to keep tho
poorer clusa, who constituted the great
mass of the voting population of tho slavo
states, as ignorant as possible, in ordor that
they might continue to use them to subserve
the personal interests of tho slave owners;
and hence their determination to keop
out of their hands everything that was cal
culated to wake them up to a sense of
their true Interests, by the cry of incendi
arism. Dr. McBhide's speech, as a whole, was
a most effective one, and we hope he will
make many such during the canvass.
Dr. A. G. HENRY being persevering
ly called for, at length rose and said, that
On resuming the practice of his profession,
which he knew he understood better than
politics, he had promised himself not to tuke
such a part in the political strifes of the
country, as should in any way interfere with
his professional business, aud be boiied bis
response to the fluttering call just made
upon him, would not be understood by bis
personal friends as evidence of a disposition,
to depart from that settled determination;
and that this was probably the last time
he should be found taking any active part
in the coming exciting and most important
political canvass the world has ever wit
nessed. He should feel that he was recre
ant to a most intimate and ardent friend-
aTTiTor more man a nuarter of a cen
more than a quarter 01 a ceniury a
duration, ( he should fail on thia occasion
to give expression to the satisfaction he felt
at the nomination of bis friend, Abraham
rT.JJSZniZn, .EiT.f i:rrnt)"hVan can -didaU
for President. In hi Jndgment,