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BV Dt W. CltAIO.
If -" Ai ' urnhhtd
' Tkru DM" M V"" "".'
lit aiMI II '"' iiMM, fm
"U n,. tilt 1 frf i7i- i-
..(. a K" . year.
p.r iir JVa subterif
tu' ttrtindjor a leu per itd.
e,V. miurdiieH'd "'" irrnrttgtt
After th tlall.
TWast it"1 ""iU J llieir beautiful hair,
T1ir iMtf. brigln ." " one,
;,i.,..uid end talked in ilw ehamUar lli
A uvr lln f - '
UlT uVv l!lJ f ' "J quadrille,
Idly thy Ian1'''. I'1"""''" fl'h
Wb ft 'h f,r, " U
1 Comb out llirir braid siitl cur!.
k,Vi of ,la l,r,,",N',
Kiwis of wr and ribbons, loo,
gcsllered pbout In cry plat-,
For ilif revel it through.
Arul Maud i'id Mu le". I" r"b "f wh'te,
TV pre"4 n'jlil-Bo n under Iho run,
gloekioL-lt". slipper:.. BiShi
Fur llw rvl is don
gi ndeonil t1lr hmitiful hair,
ThM wonderful wnrx of brawn and gulJ,
tU ib I' " itt "'" ',,l,IDcr
AuJ llio little b.ir fret ar oolj.
Then out of enlierli'J winter n;H.
All oal of tli ttitirr 8L A (rue wealher,
IMc lb "' " n"u"0 " "'"i
Valid and Mail),") toellirr.
II, ih) and Minis in " "f ,liu'1
T'i I"'1'"1 ieli''f"wn ,uni
fan-lard away f'om ih ?' ;y !.
Alter (lie revel U done
nmt alonr 'n splendid dn am,
To a r'1,1"1 l;,"'rn' l'"linS ,un
While a lliuiiaiiid luslree, shimmering, elmam
la a palaee't rand anluon.
Flhin( ut jeweU, and duller of lacf,
Trep't-al lon weed? Ihwn miik,
V.ttt and woniril with Ix-amtiful (net.
An I eyea of tropical duk.
Al one fr l'trM out like a alar.
One fare hauiil'iie llie ilreanm of earh,
Aal one (nice, mveetiT than ollieninra,
Uiiukiiin into ailve ry fn-ri,
Teliiuir. lli'O'Ulli I'l ut beardoJ Uoom,
An oM.oM irtiirr o er aain,
A) Jon lh ro.vil bannered rornn,
To ilia (olden jlillpni't strain,
T n I Mi ibey dreamily walk,
While an mneen firit Hiilka bew'dr,
Aad, all uiil ard In ih loven' talk,
lie cluiiiie.il ono for a bride.
Oh. Maud nnd MaU'r, dn-am en together,
Willi never a winir "f jealoiw fear!
Kor ere the lilr sl. Arum wentlur
f-liull wliiltu another ) eur,
R-iSfd f Ttlie hi i In! nnd roliel fur the toinli,
IIiiiL-'l lironM h i'r nu t illei trr.
There'll be on'y oue f you K ft fur Ilia b'ooin
Of ih'. bear.leJ I'pa to re
Onlv one fur I lie lir'dal ru'itrle,
The rl.e f mil n mi l UnoHiU Inre,
Only vite to h uli Ih Oi.gli her curia
At the if'ii of a lont'a fuce.
Oh, rx-.iiitirul M.i.U'r, in vmir brMal white,
Fur you the revel lum jul heun ;
Dul fur her who !e.-M in )our amu m-night,
The ro.cl of Life ia ilu.ie!
Dul, mbed nn ! orowrued n'lh your aainlly bliaa,
y.irrn of hnivrn and bride of the nun,
Oil, Ihaiitifnl Mau l, you'll hewr tn ia
Tko UUoj uiiotl.cr hath nun!
tlk'tlonary or l.ove.
ApKNcn. AliSL'tn'o is fonstik'rcd tlic
emit liuii'.' uinl torinitiit ol lovers. Every
lover wrltis lo his beloved tlmt hen ub
ant from If r, t!ic time l;ijr. oti lendea wings
niitijttca tire turturcd in Lours, hours into
(lays, dnys it.to wciks, weeks into montlis,
montlis into wire, nnd years into mtcrniin-nlilcrg-K.
)!.!'.'tiec lies Vwoms a bur
den, nn I lit is k. t ullvc only by tlic sweet
liojic of nieitiit!; Ilm denr obj.ct ngnin.
Attack. A bri.-l: nlt.n k is a favorite
)hasc cxit rk'iipcd at tho bttsint'FS of lovo
nink'ii. They hnvo probably ttiken n hint
from tlic piny, " Faint Hw.rt Never Won
Fair Lady."" MueliiuYrl gives the lover a
cue, in his lesson to politicians: " It is bet
trr,"snyi lie, "to sin tliroitgh too much
rivticity than too much tiiubliiy. Fortune
is a woman, and reitiircs a bri.-k ottnek.
Site grants victory olicner to rash, impetu
ous diameters, titan to the cold and circum-
Mf.aity. Inauty has been called " the
poivt'r and arms of womun." Diogenes
tailed it " woman's most forcible letter of
recommendation." Carncndcs represented
It its "a queen without soldiers," and The
oeritns says it is a serpent covered with
flowers," while a moro modern author hu
morously dt finis it " a bait tlntt ns often
eatehes the fisher ns tho fish." Nearly all
tlio old philosophers denounced and ridi
culed baauty as evanescent, worthless and
mischievous. Utitalus! while they preached
"Saiii.it it they were none the less its slaves.
None of them were able lo withstand " the
dj smooth witchcraft of a fair young face."
" Fail Irenes mail's imperial raoe ensnnre,
Aud beauty liratvn us by a single hair."
A truly beautiful woman is a natural
flueen in tho universe of love, where all pay
a glad tribute to her reign. Dut it is nev
ertheless true that the geographical stand
ard of beauty is various aud unstable As
''Beauty, thou wild fantastic ape,
Jj ho dort iu eviry country change thy shape :
Hers black, there brown, here tuwny, and there
(To be Continued.)
AV.vt.no Hills, March 23, '60.
Hr. Editor: As I have not seen any
thing in the Argus for some time in relation
to our Division, I did not know but that
ome of our brothers in different parts of
the country might come to the conclusion
that it, like a good many others, had ' gone
"' But I shall be most happy to inform
them through vour columns that Washing
ton Division No. 23, S. of. T., is in exist
ncc yet, aud in a very prosperous condi
tion. The following is a list of the officers
'for the ensuing quarter: Wm. R. Dunbar,
P; T. R. Hubbard, W Aj M. Small,
RS; F. J. F.innon, A R S; T. W. Da
jenport, F S; F. Wilbur, T; II. C. Small,
i M. Fitzs-rald, A C; W. Crnnston,
hap.; N. D. I'ltuumer, I S; T. J. Wil-
0 S. Yours, etc., s. b. w.
Some of the liquor-sellers out
TVest are getting alarmed at the extent to
nich the wholesale liqnor merchants adul
terate their beverages, and are about peti
tjioning for a more limited nse of strychnine.
Tmj say so much strychnine is now iufused
to their spirits that it don't give on
KOT time to pay for bis drinks.
. f Why are tem-cata so musical? Leea use
7 a.- iU tid.Vsuin' inside.
-A Weekly NcwKpapcr, devoted to the Interest, of the laboring Classes, and locating
VV, OREGON CITY, OltKGOX, APRIL 7, 18 GO. Xo. 52,
En. Aruis: I am sometimes amused
with tho observations of farmers in regard
to the quulilics of stock. In looking ut s
drove of stock hogs it wus remarked:
" We must get a better kind of how
Tho stock is very Inferior to that we used
to Lave iu tho Slutcs."
" There must be fault somewhere. Some
l.i.tv utt ui v iwg yearn ow, aim tnev
will not weigh a huudred jionnds."
"Iho fuult is in the stock, I think. I
hare known hogs in Ohio inako three hun
drcd weight of pork ut n year old."
V oil, how do you treat 5Tur hojrs?
I ml tlioui well. 1 HiihDOHf "
" We don't feed them at all until we fat
ten litem, una tlmt is done about two
montlis before we kill them."
" Dou't feed them! How do they live?"
" Oh, they go ubout rooting up fern,
camns, and eat grass, when they euiiuot do
better. Sometimes iu winter, when they
can't supply themselves with food, thcr
die by dozens,"
" And do you think tlmt an improved
breed of hogs would be of any advantage
to you? Full-blooded Derkshire, Essex,
or Irish Grazier hogs could not bo raised
utall by such trcutuient. Your stock
would die out iu two months. If you want
good bogs, you must furnish them with
good food, and plenty of it. You must
feed your pigs as soon as they will cat.
You must never let them full off. You
must keep them in thriving order; and if
you do so, your hogs at one year old will
make more ork than they now do ut two.
Tho reason you have not good hogs is that
you sturvo them; or comu so near to it
that they scarcely live."
" Uut we can't afford to feed our bogs.
They would cat their heads off."
" You must full upon some plan to feed
your hogs, keep them ulways thriving, and
fatten them nt a year old. You must se
lect your best sows, your best boars, for
breeding, and thus improve your stock.
If your hogs are pastured, also feed them.
It will pay. l'otatocs, brail, wheat, bar
ley, squashes, pumpkins, ail properly pre
pared, will be good for hugs. This plan of
half starving stock, and then expecting fine
pork or beef, is sheer folly. Berkshire
hogs or Durham cattle would die under
such treatment. An old Pennsylvania
farmer was called npon by a farmer who
had practiced tho starving system. He
wanted some of tho fine hogs of the afore
said fanner. He bought son:c. They did
i.o better On the starving system than his
old fto.k. lie made his complaints. ' Sir,'
sa'd the old farmer, ' I sold you my hogs,
but I did not sell you my full hog-troughs.'
That is the great secret. The best kind of
hogs is made by the best feeding."
Tnt l'.ITcet of C.u.ivoal on V lower.
About a year ago (says a correspondent
of tho Horticultural Review) I made a bar
gain for a rosebush of magnificent growth
and full of buds. I waited for them to
bloum, and expected roses worthy of such
a noble plant, and of the praises bestowed
upon it by llio vender. At length, when
it bloomed, all my hopes were blasted.
The flowes were of a faded color, and I
discovered that I had only a middling
mtiltijlurti, stale color enough. I therefore
resolved to sacrifice it to some experiments
which I had iu view. My attention had
been captivated with the effects of charcoal,
as stated in somo English publications. I
then covered the earth in the pot in which
my rosebush was, about half an inch deep
with pulverized charcoal. Some days af
ter, I was astonished to see the roses,
which bloomed, of as fine a lively rose color
as I could wish. I determined to repeat
the experiment, nnd therefore, when the
rosebush had done flowering, I took off the
charcoal and put fresh earth about the pots.
Yon may conceive that I waited for the
next spring impatiently to see the icsult of
When it bloomed, the roses were, at
first, pale and discolored, but by applying
the charcoal as before, the roses soon re
sumed their rosy, red color. I tried the
powdered charcoal likewise iu large quanti
ties, Upon my petunias, and found that both
the white and violet colors of the flowers
were eqnally sensible to its action. It al
ways gave great vigor to tho red or violet
colors of the flowers, and the white petu
nias became covered with irregular spots
of bluish or almost black tiut. Many per
sons who admired them thought that they
won? new varieties from the seed. Yellow
flowers are, as I have proved, insensible to
the influence of charcoal.
Trassplastixo. Repeated transplant-
.' . .i .1. -e i ...a n.t,i.!
in retards uie jrxowiu ui auujw--1
llln J I
ces premature maturity in the plant " j
converts, for want of abundant nourishment,.
wood buds into fruit buds. It is calcula-
ted to produce early bearing. requent.
. ... i .i .
transnlantins is often resorted io uy me
florists, in order to induce plants to pr t (rmt . erjict 0r cindemnation trom 3d and 4th, not applicable io Oregon,
duce flowers, or to produce an abundance ti,e tt, which they know they deserve, 5th Fections or fractions of section", in
of flowers and it is found highly efficacious ' d which they (ear awaits tbcai. Albiny jcladcd within the limits of any incorror--in
the ballsm, coxcomb, etc. Journal, ' , ted town.
iMcldeat Im th Life of lleary Clay.
About tho year 184j, Henry Clay be
came embarrassed to such on extent that
ho had to niortgago Ashland. In tho
mean time, a movenriit had been started
In New Orleans by some of Mr. Clay's
friends, to pay his debts and relievo him
from his embarrassments, and Mr. A H.
Trotter, the agent of tho Northern Dunk
in New Orleans, wus sent Ent to pnnfi.p
with Mr. Clay's friends. Tho consequence
was that about $50,000 were subscribed,
and tho Hon. Wm. PeniiiiiL'tou was sent to
Kentucky with tho money, and reached
Lexington known to scarcely any person.
IIo walked Into tho Northern Bank, and
asked for Mr. Scott, tho Cashier of the
Dank, aud ujiou being shown that geutlfr
man, jasked if there not several notes of
Mr. Clay's tlmt were duo in a few days,
and was answered tht there were. Mr.
Scott was requested to givo tho whole
amount of Jlr. Clay's indebtedness, which
was done, aud a draft on oue of tho New
York banks was handed him, aud Mr. Feu
nington left the Dank with all Mr. Clny's
notes paid. In a few days, Mr. Clay enmo
to town to arrange for a renewal of the
notes, if possiblo, aud was shown in the
side room of the bunk. After sitting
j few tninntes, he asked Mr. Scott if there
could be any arrangement to rim the notes
for a longer time. Mr. Scott looked nt
Mr. Clay to see if he was uot jesting, and
finding tlmt he was not, told him that a
gentleman from New Jersey had called
yesterday and paid all his indebtedness.
Mr. Clay started when Mr. Scott spoke,
looked at him a few seconds, burst into
tears, and left the bank overwhelmed.
No mu u ever had such friends as Mr. Cluy.
Where Mr. Clay lived, his pcrsonnl friends
arc rejoiced that William Penningtou has
been honored with the Speakership.
Don't Know Beaxs. A correspondent
of tho Chicago Times relates the following
juke nt the expense of an editor of an ag
" I was in the cars going to the Stnto
Fair at Freeport some time ago, nnd unin
tentionally overheard a conversation. Tho
parties to tho conversation wero a farmer
from Lake county, and nn agricultural cor
respondent. When near Nevada, the mem
berofthe 'stuff' was in the hight of an
animated explanation of how 'wo' had
benefited the farming interests by having
agents always traveling, reporting the pros
pect of crops, Ac.; just at that moment a
field of buckwheat in bloom attracted his
' What a fine field of" white beans that
is,' exclaimed the traveling editor.
' Deans!' suid the farmer; ' that is buck
wheat.' ' 0! what a beautiful white grain it lias!
I must make a note of it, and write a letter
from Freeport about it. Duekwhr-nt like
that is uot to be found at the East! The
specimens I have been accustomed to see
produced a very dark flour.'
'Why, of course; thin buckwheat will
produce a dark flour,' rejoined the fanner;
'what you saw was not the grain that
was the blossom!'
'Oh! nh!' said tho editor, who quickly
closed his ' notes on buckwheat,' and short
ly after went into the smoking car.
NEWSrAI'EK.S IX THE U.MTHD STATES.
There nro threo thousand three hundred and
sixty-four newspapers in the United States
and Territories, of which six hundred and
thirteen are in New York, four hundred
nnd nineteen in Pennsylvania, three hun
dred and eighty-two iu Ohio, two hundred
nnd twenty-one in Illinois, and two hun
dred and nineteen in Massachusetts, leav
ing one thousand five hundred and ten for
the rest of the States. It would be a cu
rious piece of statistical information if we
could discover how many persons read
each one of thope three thousand three
hundred nnd sixty-four newspapers; also
what amount of reliable matter is publish
ed, say in miles; how many editors, sub
editors, reporters, and penny-a-liners, con
tribute to them; the opinions expressod
about them; and, as a climax to informa
tion, how many subscribers to each news
paper pay their subscriptions promptly in
The Way to Masaoe Horses. Never
attempt to clean or otherwise disturb your i
horse while eating Ins meal, unless you
want him to bite and kick. But when yon
clean, take him out of the stall, and mnkc
a business of it. Tie your horse iu the
center of the stall, unless you want your
horse to do as most horses do, drive more
on oue rein than on the other. Horses
that arc liable to cast themselves in their
stalls, should be tied with a neck halter,
siviiiz them much more freedom of the
j head than the nose halter. Oirtlcnrss,
firmness, and moderation will subdue the
ost obdurate. N. E. Farmer.
Usiox-Saviso. While Southern Dem-
ocrats threaten to JJitsolce, Northern
Democrats call meetings to Preserve the
- - , .
T .. IrtK hoc- a .AmmAn nttioor lint
j , II I . Ml. will uV l"".vp. J - - -
ncitjer My .hat tflcT It is a piimc
for t)e 'resi(i.n(7i jn which the Union,
a ball, is thrown from one to the other,
it is in tnis see-saw way uei.iu.n
--n at tho nnth and alnrmimr timid ones
"-Vr" . n ,. hn,
... i. Vn-fl. l.ut d.am ripmnrrnrv hones
LixDOmvi, Orrgon Viiy, March 84, 1800.
Mu. KinroR Dy giving publicity to the,
following extracts of law and instructions
in relation to the entering of lands and tho.
lucnuou oi taut) warrants, would ue a source
of valuable information to settlers on iml
lie lauds, and would uuiteriully relieve this
oflico from the heavy tusk of answering nu
merous letters touching the subject.
Newspapers Iu the W illuuiette land dis
trict please copy.
Very resxctfnlly, yours,
B. Jexmxhs, Register.
Act4tii ok Sept., 1841. "The indi
viduals claiming tho benefits of said act
First, A citizen of the United States, or
havo filed his declaration of intention to be
come a citizen.
Second, Either the head of a family, or
a widow, or a single man, over tho ago of
Third, An inhabitant of the tract sought
to be entered, upon which, in Mrson, ho
has made a settlement and erected a dwell
ing houso, since tho first of June, 1840, and
prior to the time when tho land is applied
for; which land must, at the dale of trttle
ment .have had the Indian title xlinguihel,
and been mrveyed by the United States.
A person failing in any of these requis
ites can have no claim by virtue of this
Where the settler is desirous of sccurini;
the same under this act, ho must give no
tico of his Iutention to purchase the same
under its provisions, within three months
from tho date of his settlement; and where
tho lands are subject to private entry, prool,
affidavit, and payment must be niudo with
in licelve monllts after tho date of settle
The tracts liable to entry under this act
are some one of the following designations:
First, A regular quarter section, not
withstanding its quantity, may be a few
acres moro or less titan ono hundred anil
sixty; or a quarter of a section, which,
though fractional in quantity, by a passage
of a navigable, stream through the snmo, is
still bounded by regular sectional and quar
ter sectional lines.
Second, A fractional section, containing
not over one hundred nnd sixty acres, or
nny tract being a detached or anomalous
survey, made pursuant to law, and not ex
ceeding said quantity.
Third, Two adjoining half quarter sec
tions (in ull cases to be separated by a
North and South line, except on the North
side of Townships, whvre tho surveys are
so nindo as to throw the excess or delicicn
cv on tho North and West sides of Town
ships,) of the regular quarters mentioned in
the first designation, or two eighty -acre sub
divisions of the irregular quarters found on
the North and West sides of Townships.
Where moro than two such subdivisions ex
ist, or tho excess may render them ncccssn
ry, provided in tho luttcr case the aggre
gate quantity does not exceed one hundred
and sixty acres.
Fourth, Two half-quarter, or eighty-acre
subdivisions of a fractional or broken sec
tion, adjoining each other, the uggregate
quantity, not exceeding ono hundred and
Fifth, A regular half-quarter, and nn
adjoining fractional section, or nn adjoining
half-qnnrter subdivision of a fractional sec
tion, the aggregate quantify not exceeding
oue hundred and sixty acres.
Sixth, If the pre-emptorshoiild not wish
to enter the quantity of one hundred nnd
sixty ncrcs, he may enter a single half-quarter
section, (made by a North and South
line,) or nn eighty-acre subdivision of a
Seventh, Ono or more adjoining residu
ary forty aero lots mny be entered, the ag
gregate not exceeding one hundred aud
Eighth, A regular half-quarter subdivis
ion, or a fractional section, may be taken,
with one or more residuary forty aero sub
divisions lying adjoining, the aggregate not
exceeding oue hundred and sixty acres.
These lots enn only be called 'residuary'
after the sale of other portions of the same
quarter-section, pursuant to tho act ap
proved April 5th, 1832, authorizing such
It is evident, therefore, that forty-acre
subdivisions can, in no case, be permitted
of land not yet proclaimed and offered nt
Only one person on a quarter-section is
protected by this law and that is the one
that mndo the first settlement, provided he
shall have conformed to the other provis
ions of the law.
A person who has once availed himsrlfl
of the provisions of this act, cannot, at any
future period, or at any other Land Office,
acquire another right to it.
No person who is the proprietor of three
hundred and twenty aeres of land in any
fetato or lemtory of the United States, is
entitled to the benefits of this act.
No person who shall quit or abandon hi
residence on hit own land to reside on the
public land in the tame Stale or Territory,
is entitled to the benefits of this act.
No pre-emption right exists, by reason
of a settlement on and inhabitancy of a
tract, unless at the date of such settlement,
the Indian title thereto had been extin
guished, and the land survpyed by the Uni
No assignments or transfers of pre-emption
rights can be recognized. The patents
mast Issue to the claimants, in whose names
alone all entries must be made."
Si'Voby Descriptions or Land wnicn
are Exempted from the Operation or
toij Arr " 1st. I.fllliU ineliuliH in anv
j reservation by any treaty, law, or prodnm-
lation of the President of the United States,
j and lands reserved for salines and other
2d. Land reserved for the support of
the side of Truth in every Wue
, Evory portion of the public lands
which has been selected as a site for a city
1th. Kvcry parcel or lot of land actually
settled nnd occupied for tho purposo ol
mine, ami not agriculture.
8th. All lauds on which are situated anv
known salines or mines.
Persons claiininv' tho benefit of this act
are required to file duplicate affidavits, such
as the law requires, and to furnish proof by
ono or moro disinterested witnesses, to your
suti.sfaction, of tho facts necessary to estab-
lish the threo requisites pointed out in the
commencement of these instructions.
When by rOftSOI. of (listlini'O. Sll'k newt, or
infirmity tho witnesses! cuuno coiuo before
you, you arc authorized lo receive their de. to be governed by tho following regula
iKMition, which must be, in ull other respects tions-
conformable to tho within regulation.
The witnessrs must state, if the prc-emp-
ter be tho " head of tho family,' tho facts of the Receiver, who will givo the oppli-whic-Ii
constitute liiia such; whether a hus- cant a receipt fur tho amount paid, which
band having a wife and children; or a wid- rcceint. ns evidence that the ft en have beeu
owcr, or an unmarried person; under twin- duly paid, will be shown by him to the Reg-ty-ono
years of age, having a family, either inter, who will then issuo a certilieut of lev
of relatives or othors, depending npon him,
or hired person, or slaves. 'All the facts
respecting tho settlement In person, Inhab
itancy, or personal residence, M time of
commencement, the manner and extent of
continuance, as well as those showing the
apparent object, should be stated.'
It must be stated that the claimant made
the settlement on the laud iu person; that
lie hus erected a dwelling upon the laud ;
that the claimant lives iu it, and makes it
his home, etc. By this means, you will be
enabled to determine whether or not tho
requisites of tho law have been complied
with in nny given case. Should you decide
against a claimant, who, feeling dissatisfied
with such decision, inuy request, in writing,
tho opinion of this oiiico t hereon, you will
forthwith send to tho department ull tho
orifjinul papers, touching said claim, and a
brief rejiort of your reasons for rejecting it;
nnd, iu the meantime, will not permit the
land claimed to be entered or sold, without
an order from the department."
Sept. 28lh, 1842.
Arr. OfiTii op Am 184-2.
You will re-
quiro of every chnniant satisfactory proof
nun no nun not icn ins own mnu in tne
...... t'l.i., . T...;in,. ii i ,.,!, .1... ...
pi.iiiu uit.li; vi Aei.itvi i, iu i.ii.ao mu nut-
tloment bv virtue of which he elniim r. rMit
under the act of 4th September, 1841.
A claimant is bound to prove his right
to, and enter ull the land embraced by his
declaratory statement, if liable to the oper
ation ol the net.
The prool filed by fivry claimant must
show the lime of the commencement of the
settlement, as required, by the 1st pur. 5th
page of the instructions of 15lh September,
The affidavit of the claimant required by
the 13th section of the act, must bo taken
" before tho Register or Receiver of the
land district, iu which the lund is situated"
before an entry is permitted, nnd must be
of tho sumo ditto with the certificate of en
try. An affidavit before any other person
will not justify you permitting the entry of
the land claimed.
Ciiicui.AR Letter, Nov. 21, 1850.
Do not enjoin upon
tho Register nnd Receiver tho making out
or the preparation of papers for claimants
that bciiijf a matter to be attended to by
tho pru-empters themselves.
Tho 12th section of tho pre-emption net
of 12th Sept. 1841, which declares that
officer is entitled to reccivo fifty cents for
his services in acting npon each case of pre
emption. Tho above paragraph has refcrenco to
General Land Office Bounty Lnnd cir
cular of May 3d, 1855, contains the tariff
in cneh case allowed for locution of such
warrants; which, of course, embraces the
locations of pre-emptors.
The following fees are chnrgnnblc by the
land officers, and tho several fees must be
paid at tho time of locution: For a 40
acre warrant, 50 cents cneh to the Regis
ter and Receiver $i. For a 00-ncro war
rant, 75 cents to Register and Receiver
$150. For an 80-acre warrant $1 enell
to Register and Receiver $2. For n 1 20
aere warrant, $1 50 each to Register and
Receiver $3. For a IfiO-acre warrant,
$2 each to Register nnd Receiver $4.
All these fees to be placed to the credit
of the Government.
Dec 3, 1850.
PRE-EMtTio! Acts 1841 nnd 1843
By the 4th section of the act of the 3d
March, 1843, it is declared that when an
individual has filed, under tho late pre
emption law, (1841) his declaration of in
tention to claim the bencfitsofsiiid law, for
ono tract of land, it shall not be lawful for
the same individual, nt nny future timo, to
file a second declaration for another tract.
This prohibition is held by the Depart
ment to extend to both classes of lands
Miioffercd, and such as are tuhject lo pri
vate entry. Where a claimant, however, of
either class of hinds, files a declaration,
which may prove to be invalid in conse
quence of the land applied for not being
orien to pre-emption; or by the det'rmiiia
tioti against, as a conflicting claimant, or
from any other similar cause which would
have prevented lum from consumntinga pre
emption under such declaration, such ille
gal riling will be treated as a nullity, and
as no inhibition to his subsequently filing
a legal and proper declaration for the same
tract, should it become liable to pre-emption;
or for any other land, it being the pur
pose of the law to allow a claimant a pre
emption upon one tract, and nothing more;
and also to prevent declaration from being
nresenti'd or filed where the intention of
establishing a pre-emption is not bona fide.
Ktatites at Larue, Page 305.
Act 11, July. 1854.
And a!l settlers on
On square (12 lines or less, brevier aisuurej ofi
" two insertimis, 4,00
Each auhsenuent InserL'sn. I III)
(teasoaabl deductions lu IhuM who advertii ly
Tiia raoraiaroa or thi ARGl'8 is narrt
lo inform Ilia nihlic that ha I... ( ...-.i.i .
ad litimis mnxl to sll t,e riqnlremenis of th a k .
oaniy. 1IA.MIIIII.IJ4, I'tlM FItH. Itl.ANKS.
I, t'IKCl I.AIW. I'AMI'III .VT.uiiiia
auil other kind., dune to order, im short notice.
unsurveym! laud iu said Tcnitories shall
give notice to the Snrveyordeiieml. or
other duly nutlnir zed ofhVcr, of the panic
ular tract claimed under this ncci inn, within
six months ufter t!ie survey of such lands is
made and returned.
Statutes at Isr m. naire 385. act 18 Feb..
Settlers tiimit section 10 nnd 80 mnv
I're-cmnt their st Itlemeut when made before
survey, aud with u view to pre-emption,
"a'i'uii. 21 1850
i u;..s'in ii JiN
wiam ,. ;. i- lml,i , ,, f, nii
I teea rm'L'ivi'il liv llm !i,riut,.e ii ivi.ll na
those retviviM. liv tlun.iiiliiw nml fn avnlil
embarrassment hereafter ton li tl
st. Wherever ai.i.lication is made toio-
Cato a Land Warrant tlio IJi.irisli.r'a nml
Receiver's fees are to be imid into the, hnml
cation, and muke an entry.
Nor. 21, 1850.
After the word pre-emption; (insert) but
as iu many instances, the people do nothing
moro tiiaii li lu the notice ' required by
luw, this oflico has long since determined
that there is no objection to tho lleeintrr't
receiving his fee (50 cents) ut the time of
It ling sucu notice, making subsequently no
further ehnnje, but thut, as the Receiver
has no labor in the case until tho proof is
lileU and suiim.tted Tor Ins acttou, the latter
officer lias no l ight to tho lee until he shall
be culled upon to perform the duty for
wine It payment Is provided,
Items froiu Ibe Aliunde Hlalea.
A proposition is before tho Seuuto
Post Office Commit too authorizing a con
tract with Zclitis Barnum and others for the
use by Government of a lino of telegraph
from Missouri to San Francisco, for ten
years, at an annual compensation of $50,000
from the time the line is completed, which
is to be in two years, at au estimated cost
T, ii;h i,.,,.,,,!,,,,.,! i, f. wi.rfi.ll f
.... - .-..v... .... .......,-.
. ., n . . . .
1 -'xus. 111 lhc Solmtc. Io""ll, '
panics, the Southern Pacific and tho North
ern Central Railroad, equal amounts of
money and land, seems to meet with gen"
end favor. Mr. Scott, of California, will
introduce tho snmo bill iu the Houso, and
it will be referred to a special committee of
thirteen. Tho opiuiou prevails that thfl
bill will be adopted by Congress without
much delay, probably before tho meeting
of the Charleston Convention,
Judge Smulley, Chairman of tho Dein
ocrntic National Committee, has been tu
Charleston to mako arrangements for tho
meeting of the Convention, He secured
the Charleston Institute, which will accom
modate nearly three thousand persons.
A movement of troops hus beeu or
derod on tho Plains to protect tho mails
and emigrants traveling those routes.
Tho troops In Utah will be withdrawn
with the exception of ono regiment.
CoXflKKssioxAi.. It is uncertain what
course the. Senate will tnku relative to the
admission of Kansas. Tho action of the
Republicans on tho Mexican treaty, it is
said, will havo somo influence on tho action
of tho Democrats concerning Kansas.
Bills will bo reported In the Sennto for
territorial governments for Nevada, Pike's
Peak, mid Dacotali. Nothing turther is
oiitemnlated for Ari.oua ut present than a
Surveyor Gunerul and a Judicial district.
The Committeo on Agriculture has do
cided to report a Homestead bill, which
will pass tho House, hut us success iu tuo
Senute is uncertain,
The friends of protection are confident
that tlio Committee of Ways and Means
will soon report a bill imposing specific in
steud of odvalorem duties, wherever tho
sumo arc practicable,
Senator Brown, of Mississippi, hns pre
pared a bill, which ho will soon offer, pro-
I . .. - , t p .l ..... -.! : ....
iding lor a slave coue ior ine icrnioricn.
B-fi- It is a singular fact that two of tlio
most vigorous writers in the Eiifflisli lan
guage appear to be in total Ignorance of all
the leelittirs which taxe inuir rise iroin in
puss'ion of love. We know of no singlo
me Unit lias luiiun iroin tun pen ot owut,
or that of Macaulay, which indicates nay
sympathy with that passion which, in the
greatest number of minds, affords the most
powerful ol all motives.
Scandalous. The following libelous
toast was swallowed nt a recent miners'
festival. It is awful to think of the loud.
of sin these type-stickers hove to carry for
their vile slanders or the ladies:
" Woman Second only to tho Press in,
the dissemination of tho news."
j? A coteiiiponiry wunts to know la
whnt age women Imve been held iu th
highest esteem. We don't know. But
certainly fashionable Indies till a lirgi r
space iu the world now than they ever did
jk?Two men, Joseph Sparks nnd Os
car Flint, wero assailed in the suburbs of
Baltimore a few ui(?lits ago by a gang o(
houlder-hittcrs. Flint was knocked down
but his companion ecaedby flight. When,
the scoundrel hit Flint, Sparkt fitu)
Har,Fashionable circles wero never so
numerous as they are row. Almost every
lady that appears in the streets is the ceu.
ter of one