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About The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863 | View This Issue
fgfi OKEGON A KG US.
IV D. W. fit A 10.
futMS-Tkt A sous " furmihij at
( nflf lubteribtrt I hnt Vullari
a '4' " " 'doaitrt.
J! iki ' "','
Djhrt i if P"t wjihiH n
& Fit' m'1'" at tht ""' y,nr'
JV Dalian for tlx monthiNo tuhterip
t l7 rtetittifar frriW.
y( diieotitinurd until all arrearage
tnpaiJ, ' "' pli'f the pulilithtr.
" For tht Argut.
f hi CaBforti of the Married Mat.
i nf the oaehelor'a blowing onoo,
Bt D-.w I 'H nBf tnceirains
1 ifaink a Hlalaona
Of herdihp. ' "d P"in 1
The wrelch I alwaye ''" '
Hilbout I friend, without a lioina
No loving wife I" ,oti
And trailer lunihiuo in hie cot.
Tin fellow might n wll b "hot,
X, r out lli" 1'fo'" lancet epan,
o wuful want, inK,e m,in-
jjot bilf Iho '" 0,11 e er ''
Ai nnHi hungry, wet, nil I cold,
Toe bachelor cuinee anil fiinlii no fire,
Nor on who wail willi fond dcniro
Totiiread lha board willi all thing (r.md,
t iWia Jeaigneil that woman eliould.
With lea and teet, Willi i:euk and rami
No reuon, ure, him lie Iu koant
Who live from chooe a elnglo life,
But for the wretch wliu triet in vain,
tflie pruffer love, and meet diejuin,
Thrrr ' no b ilm to euro h:i lin j
IU d hel'er Ami a quiet rut,
And in lire church urd go to rut.
TUa Tatked-or Coalition.
Kuitob or tiik Annus Sir: I pcrcoivc
from tlie Democratic papers of this State,
that each wing of tlmt harmonious party
mcum the oilier of the design to form a
coalition or fusion with tlio Republicans.
I do not know tlmt uny proposition of the
kind has been made, or that cither wing
trill bare the efTrontory to innko it; but, ns
tbrv seem to etitertriiii fears of each oilier,
with jour leave I will state to them a few
of the reasons why, in my opinion, neither
party can expect aid from the Republicans
ill this petty warfare among themselves.
I would suy to thcut tlmt the Republi-
ttus are very iiiueii niuunm nun nicy nave
taken upon themselves the good work of I
i. :iv..i ,i i
exposing the character of tho men who I
have so long governed Oregon, and the
corrupt means they have used to do it; nor
will they hinder or obstruct in' the least the
good work until the lenders of both wings
(tsuil before the people in their true char
acters. It is a disagreeable duly they are
glad to escape. To nn alliance with either
wing in order to overcome the ether, there
arc many objections.
Tlic Republicans commend themselves to
the favor of the people by tho purity und
correctness of their principles; they de
clare themselves the friends of the laboring
man, and the patrons nnd advocates of his
olitical rights. They declare their pur
pose not only to secure to him the just re
ward of his labor, nn J to prevent h'ln from
bck' the dec-railed" co:mut!tor of a .-Lv.V
bat to secure his independence by making
lib, without cost, tho proprietor of the
soil. The Republicans favor the enterprise
and industry of our own people by u dis
criminating tnrilf; they favor a Pucili
KaiiroaU, and such other improvements of
national character us nre too grout for
individual enterprise. All theso things
von an a party oppose.
Republicans also solemnly declare their
determination, if they obtain tho adminis
tration of the General Government, to re
store it to the principles, purity, and sim
plicity of the days of Washington. Adams.
nd Jefferson, and to root out the rotten
ness and corruption that have crept into it
by the long doininniice of the Democratic
The Republicans belicvs the Democratic
party is the source from which flows all the
Injustice, corruption, misrule, and prodigal
ity which have degraded our Government
in the esteem of foreign nations, nnd made
H burdensome to ourselves, nnd thut the
displacement of this corrupt party from
power is the first and main duty they have
Such being the facts, I cannot see how it
" possible the Republicans of Oregon cun,
ith any consistency, or without doing vio
' to their principles and forfeiting their
Wf-rcspect, lend themselves to the base and
purposes of ono faction of this cor
nPl party to the overthrow of the other.
We know these Oregon factions nre not
intending about a principle, for both by
tbtrV lefiHers stand equally pledged to the
ropport of the platform nnd the nominee
f tho Charleston Convention. If one of
tiea no favoii Lane or some other open
Fwiarery candidate, anu the other Dong- j
m and. kit hypocritical, chcat-both-sides
foiitiorj, tier both merge into the common
stream at Charleston, and in the Presidcn
M contest are both identilied with our
ii so base aa act as fusion or coalition
contemplated by those office-seekers who
y!j utne P'kan camp not from prin
l n for P,,,n(,er. to which faction of
'jw Democracy do they propose to sell the
Pobhean voters as their mercenaries?
"WW bids highest, Hush or Lane? It is
f,r,c'. nt the principle, that must gov
theai in their choice for it is only
twelve months since they separated,
less than two they will again unite
U jpport or any principles or any
n tbe Charleston Convention may de-
J.mo3t 'ncerely hoy, therefore, the Re
PTOiwaos or Oregon will continue to adhere
J '!r principles that tliey will not de
w their party ly an alliance with a
foM fb who Las for vetrs rro
and oppressed them as 'individuals
tm. V1 falsehood aoi opprobrium on
ar Prty and tht-ir nrim-mi . .
'-a. Orthl , !
JSewt'I)flPcr' dcvot('cI t0 the Illtm't of the Laboring Classes, and advocating
The Mtavrry of tbe Willie, e
The Becond proimiitinn in thiH. " Amrr.
icun slavery ik a nat ami crying gin, and
flight not to bo tolerated." Thin ig not
the precise luniino cmplovcd, but the
gubKtanee of the nrgmnent. How f glave
ry h a errat mid criini tin, the conduct
of Christ nnd tho Apostles in reference to
it, is singular, and nltoether unuccouutii
ble. They boldly denounced sin of every
description iu tho plainest and the most
unpiiiiivocnl terms. And to pass, unno
ticed, tho damning sin of slavery, to con
nive at it, mid then so fur to sanction it, us
to regard it, by pointing out tho respective '
duties of both the master and tho slave, is, !
I repeat it, passing strange I ! They did
not so sanction anil regulate the sin of' idol
utry, of adultery, or uny other sin, but in-
tariuiHy uci.oimcwi tiicm with tho heaviest
lu.Niiltu.a Tim t rtf ...... l I
vim auTiuui nuui vi mu tuxr Ul UlVOrCP
which was so common among tho Jews,
that it was for the hardness or their hearts
that Moses gavo them this precept, but it
was not so from the beginning. J low eusv
it would have been for Christ, in view of
tho subject, to have said, " Thou shalt not
enslave thy fellow man for yo nro cqiiuls."
mu, instead tin rtot, near tho Apostle Paul,
" Art thou called being anrvant? (slave'')
care noi iur n
mot for it; but if nmyest be made free
it the rather." Itiit tho writer of the
ubovo Article attempts (o sustain the pro
position iy inrce uraumenls to wit. J lis
contracted ideas of the Justice or equity of
God; a too rigid application of some of the
precepts of the Gospel; mid an unwarrant
able assertion, that " for tho sin of slavery
God overthrew the cities of Tvrc. Sidon
and liiibylon. All of which demands a
brief notice. () His narrow views of the
justice nnu equity 01 uod. l iien il since
the full of man and the introduction of sin
u v1;'"' 01 slavery neenme necessary in the
providenre of a merciful God to reclaim a
ilevoted race who have become too degru-
ded to bo reached by the ordinary means rations, and my hopes their ear; tbev
of grace, ns tho llible clearly indicates; lor I wisiwj me wc( am 8ui,ii ..hen sorrows
instance, the unfortunate descendants of a I . ,
i ,i it .. ii ii.. . . -.i iconic, rely on me." Jlnt now, w hero nre
wicked limn, who hel l no connection with ... . , ,
God's covenant people, is it becoming in ! """J- C,ol,(;1 1 ', mends whom I deemed
short sighted erring man, to arraign tbe j cd tried, have sprung from mo ns from a
Justice mid equity or bis Maker and say, floundering wreck, and left mo to comfort
why doest thou thus or so? Shall not ' ,f ,, if ,t nce(, be ,
the Judge of all the earth do right?" Hut , ,
the writer in defending his Article declared I I'0VeS bl"Kl WaS 0,,ce berr0 ,n-V C-VM'
publicly and with a great deal of vehemence i"!'0" ''" glowing scenes were pictured.
"That in being convinced of that fact j Truth and constancy nnd never-ending
(That tho lbblu countenances shivery) charms were flouting even far into the dis
" That hewouli wer rrca,h anoth,r ur- t(111Cf C(lpij8 nm, (Iovcg will, orrows ,,
won, N'ouW throw awmi hm Jiiblr and turn . ... , , . , ...
infiM." Thus nrmigning the wisdom nnd , nnSs r'llcJ tho A cr-vstal Btrcom was
justice or tlmt God who visits the iniquities j UV(;r Elll'g,'g t " foot of hills begemmed
of ihu fathers upon the children not only to with roiks of rarest kinds, and graced with
the third nnd fourth generation but even trees whose shade ne'er gavo a listening car
to a thousand generations. Hut I leave !t ,.i,, i,f ,..i., r i ...i n ,
, , i i ..l il. i 1
ths controrcrsv to bo rirtt!"! uetr?f-u hum
andh'sGod. '(3) The too rigid npplica- j
tionof the Gospel precepts. The urgu-
incut grounded on the too rigid application
of the precepts or the Gospel; such ns
"Love thy neighbor as thyself." "Do
unto others ns von would have them do
unto you." " Inasmuch os ye have dono it
unto ono of the least of these mv brethren
ye have done it unto me." etc. Now this
position sets out upon the supposition tht
natnral nmrnl nr.,1 iiJlleet,,,,! nnint ofvinu-
Than which nothing can be more absurd, j
I presume the writer himself with all his
relined feelings of philanthropy will not
conteuu tor tins i position, r or uou u ma
providential dealings does not treat nil men i
alike.- ITe raises nn and easts down whom I
ho will; for lie holdeth the destinies or nil ,
men iu His own hands, llo chose the
Jews to he llis peculiar people winie J to
left all -the nations of the earth to grope in
IKtni llPllIUn f I II TK IlI'VM tl IIII II Mill ITIItl III
tho beginning made all men of one blood
nnd equal in every point or view, sin, und
and other carnal circumstances have pro
duced a vast difference. And now under
a gracious arrangement some nro made to
rule nnd others to obey; nnd all to effect
the trreatest possible amount or good. The
gospel is designed in its benign influence to (
bless nnd hnpnify all men in all tlio relations
of life; And we are bound by its precepts,
to to love and do good to oilmen, in what-1,
ever relation an Allwise Providence has
placed them, whether ns masters or as
slaves without attempting to alter their
condition. And to make this rigul and
unwarranted application or these moral du-
ties, to say the least or it, is to wrest the
Scriptures from their original design, and
force them to speak a langnago never in-
tanlnl ltt tlm Giitrif . It'liU'll (if HUPP llPtmVS
the weakness of the causo it is intended to
support; nnd, in the language or the writer
himseir, " does violence to trum Again,
Strange ns it must appear! Because Christ
is said to live in the ufleclious or His pco
ule. the Author of the Article compares the
hplipuino' owner who deals in slave proper
ty, to Judas, who sold his Lord nnd Mas-
ter to become crucified; and he becomes
(mite vehement upon tho subject from
fancied similarity between slavery and cru
cifixion; and without judge or jury, at once
denouuees against the Christian "lave hold
er who may for convenience buy or sell a
slave, a similar fate to that of Judas. This
application is as foreign to the truth as the
former, and like it, shows clearly that the
writer is hard pressed for Scripture passa
ires to snnnort Ids baseless theory after all
r . 1 . .. .. . ... ....
his display from tint Uible; and mat nc is
very much wanting in that charity which
never fuileih and vhich hopeth all thiniji
and it kind. But just here I will ask the
Parson who is no Calviuist. When those
Christian slaves who are now brethren with
us in Llinst would nave nearu me eoi ;
... - Ll 1 in I
and been converted ir they had remained in i
Heathenism in their native land. An,'(
when will he tn hn burning zeal go as a ,
Missionary to Africa to preach tbe Uospel
to the sooty sons or Africa?
J. A. Cobs-wall.
jouu j !
,. -M VP ,,.,d n; to cy.
( To he Continued.)
OREGON CITY, OREGON, MARCH 31, 1800.
Fur tht Argut.
A I have watched the sunbeam play on
1 wall, as tho curtnin of the shaded '" -
dow Moated and trembled oq a breath of
air, now allowing but one little stream to
enter, now flooding (he room with s glure
of light, and now, without a moment's
warning, excluding even the smallest ray,
I have thought, how much like lift! Now
perhaps there is but darkness round us; yet
we may soon have a burst of sunshine; or
we may have but a trembling light, nnd
mnyhnp a calm will come, and tho curtain
of death soon fall forever.
Life's morning dawns fortune smiles,
and we are linmir: but ere the noon is
past, misfortimo darkens our go lately pleas-
on.on, osd soon even the zeuilh
is blurred with anxiety. To-day, Nope
lends her most cheering Influence; not a
ripple is to be seen ou the brond ocean of
timo we have pictured before; years of joy
and gladness seem now almost our own.
I5ut to-morrow, tho castle in uir is fallen;
the gently swelling sea over which our hop
ing eyes hud gazed, is hurled by racintr
tempests, nnd the fairy isle on which the
. . ... t , ,
uuj uhmio niuuu in uuneii innii our view.
When yester-morn arose, the fleecy cloud
that 'iienlh so pleasant sun seemed but to
enrich and beautify the scene, and stretch
its nrius in mimic mood ns if 'twould shade
my mountain brow of fame, had changed,
ere evening came, to dark and fearful
tlireateniugs of approaching storms; nnd
tho azure sky that smiled above, bears now
the blackness of despair.
Yesterday my friends seemed true. They
Savp. ,v'th due respect, my wants, my aspi-
w uiiiiv utiti imo ui iu u i unit uuvtwia
. . . . ,' , ,
ftoffl fira crevices and along .
the mossy linnk? below, urcallicd only or
that one absorbing passion, told but of
constancy and faithfulness, and of the years
lilt tillic should bring and take awnv, but
. ' .
cm to l"t'tVftS0 tIle bl,ss we lla''. "ml Klve
us room to hope for more. Now the screen
has fallen! The being who then with ten
(U.r Imlld every Cllp of joy t0 mC(
811 J a,W,,ml m7 fan,CSt Cl,r tImt CVCry
Aam would soon prove true, is now oh!
where? My vision now is changed. 1
sec a long and weary life, filled with cold-
lles, nnJ without 0ie 8ylnimthizing
tl , .
mnt to s,,are m! W or I,1,ten Wltb 0,,e
tender word my pain.
Hut as the present is so unlike tho past,
R0 miy t)lc futuro dawn with brighter, for
. Monl go
may the stream or lire, now troubled with
tempests and without ono moment's peace,
without a hope, a friend, or, more tliun nil,
without just one to love, emergo from this
horrid darkness nnd flow through pleasant
vales, 'ncath sunny skies, niid hopes once
blighted be truly realized, and friends with
,ruti, ,i.iaro themselves mv own: nnd love
I illsomolllosthcavenl f without one
. , ., '
j Ul eal" 01 Bu. caress w,lu wnucr nana,
my weary heud, and press my aching heart,
'and be without deceit my own, and bless
mcj Lizzie Lv.vx.
lmpravemcnl sf Htock.
En. Arocs: The horses, cattle and hogs
of Oregon can be greatly improved from
present condition by good treatment
Mares, with colts by their sides, should be
kept well. When grass is plenty and good,
they can be kept without other teed. When
the grass fails, they should be fed as to al
wavs keep them in good condition. By
this management colts will be kept always
growing and improving until they get their
growth, and will usually make good and
valuable animals. By tbe present prac-
tice colts never make their proper develop-
meat. Fed at one time, helf-starved in an- to carry on the work upon the Washing- P bilIg followR:
other, aud then starved to the point near ton National Monument during tho coming A mMng gpproprintion to supply a
death for a long period, what can you ex-j year. Citizens in every part or the couu- deficiency in tbe appropriation for tbecoin
pect or such animals? They become scrubs . try can contribute through the Postmasters pletion or the geologieal survey or Oregon
. .. . i r .i. i- .... . i il,,....1 ami Wiuliinrrton Territory: for thenar-
in tup most emnnauc sense oi me worn, nt
, what can ne me use ot nne oiooa in sucu
'case A horse of fine blood requires fine
I kt J" -
The same general facts apply to cattle
, and hogs. Both should be kept constantly
. .(,.;,.;. rnmlitinn. Our farmers can
aUle of th h
; , hat ares with thil
wiinoui sjuem ! i ,
In this view or the subject, farmers know .
w,at ti,PJ WaDt; it is food for their stock
at all seasons of the year, n is lony m
suppose that the be.t horse,, cattle, and
t al mmn 0f the year. It is folly to
Offi onu 1o produced without fitich provl
tiitt IB tlKlflrt fill tllAII aiiatitllll lliia ntwl lomn.
linj? Lm t0 be dono tlk, ontllij(
We must cultivate tho "tame'' grasses.
I use this word in contrudistiiii'tion to the
wild grasses. We must liavo pastures on
which wo can turn our cattle nnd horses
n, , ,, grasamiM. una can uo uau
if we will it to be so, and effectually carry
out our will; and in winter when the nns-
tures fail, wo must feed our stock, crer
bearing in mind that stock must be kept in
In this manner we can Improve our horses
and cattle. We can rniso them to a fair
standard. How few horses, In comparison
to the nearly worthless, bear this character!
How few cattle, with all our natural advan
tages, will compare in size and excellence
with tho cattle of the Western States!
Wo should not complain of our breeds
m . , ...
or stock so much as our own trcutmenl ofj
them. Even our present stock will be
worth far more than they now are by lib
crnl treutmcnt I very much doubt if the
thorough bred stock of horses and cattle
would survive at all hero with tho usual
It Is usually the case that uewspn'ier
readers look over articles that deeply con
cern their welfare as they would a story or
nn anecdote, This ought not to be. A
farmer should read and ponder upon ull
that concerns the rami. If his judgment
condemns suggestions, let it be so: if his
judgment approves, let linn treasure ttp the
suggestions nnd practice upon them as fur!
as he can. There is one fact that stands
out nt the present time an improved sys-i
tern or farming must bo adopted , ,he
Willametto valley to receive the highest
success of the farmer.
llutbanila. Lave your Wives.
Husbands, do you love your wives? If
yon do, then study to please them. He
kind, be obliging, be attentive. Ob, how
it pleases the wife to be noticed, and pains
the heart to be neglected! She cannot
keep her thoughts from wandering to the,
time when you were all attention, when you
studied every wish or her heart. You did
not wait for her to express it in words, but
how anxious yon was to see if she was com
fortable nnd buppy. And how convpnleut
it was then to find something to converse
about; but how often do we sec you come
in when tho business of day is over, and
take up tho daily paper and read it in si
lence, and then sit and doso awhile in the
chair, or retire at a very early hour. And
so the next day, and perhaps a week passes,
and the wire never has had an opportunity
or saying a linlf dozen words to you, w hile
she has been confined to tho house all the
week, engaged with the household cares
and tho children, and endeavoring to have
things look neat and comfortable when you
como in. And how much it would please
and delight her ir you would relate some
little incident that came under your notice
during the day; it would interest her, even
ir you did not think it worth noticing, more
perhaps because it is you that is telling her,
Muke her your confidant; let her share in
all your joys and sorrows; take an interest
in all things tlmt interest her. Oh, how
many husbunds there are nre that you may
call very kind; and so they arc; but is a
let-alone kind or kindness. When the wire
will seek advice about things pertaining to
the necessaries of life, how often you will
say, " I don't know do as you please; any
way will suit me." How it discourages
ner to see yon tawe no more imercsi in u.
He curcrul to show her the attention thnti'(jttto consideration. A similar lute attend
is due her m company. Some are very
kind und attentive to every one but thoir
wives, and they can hardly see her or know
she is there; but she does not fail to notice
it. Propose a visit or a walk; many times
she would like to go, but rears to ask yon;
she thinks you do not want to. Oh, how
much more happiness there would be ir
these things were observed I it is the pnv- tl(J on iUK,.t Sound, and Vancouver and
ilege nnd duty of tbe husband and wife to Portland, in the Columbia Valley, the ser
enjoy each other's Bocicty, and so they cag, vice to bo done in fifteen days; and lo rc
if love reigns in the heart. Sj'' 7 ?T tberwio. That the Com-
b ittce on Naval Alfuirs be instructed to
TtT V Mvrurv. I
On tbfi 22(1 of February it is proposed that L
there shall be an effort wade throughout
the United States to raise sufficient funds
uieir resnecuve cowiia. aiwu
and Postmasters have boxes for the pur-1
pose placed in their offices, and have raised ;
in the past four months more than $2,000.
There are nearly 28,000 Postmasters
who have not been heard from, and it is ;
. . .i . .i :il ..... .k.
noreu jnai uiey win -uimow nu uu
.,' . i-.L.- :it . .i ... ..j1..;,.. i u',1m.i T,.rrim
Otners. Il IIICJ eill vuiikiiv hi uu vi, .uuj
f tmage onIy i 50 ppr yer,
or u moulh, the work can be kept
each place throughout the country would
iugur(the Mnplction of tll9 monument in
, Tfar, )
Editors ot newspapers are aesireu 10 can
attention to this patriotic enterprise.
Editors or newspaperi are desired to call
flio lido of Truth in every ksue.-
In the Seuute on tho I3th of February,
Mr, Kann, of California, unnoiincfd tho
dentil of 1). C. llroderiek. Messrs. Crit
tenden, Seward, Foster, Foot and Toomlis,
cuiogi.eii the tieceasea Senator. Mr.
Douglas had prepared a spoech on the sub-
J,'t',. 1,1,1 wa Invented from delivering it
j CllliforuIa inlroillCe(U
resolution instructing the Committee on
Military Affairs to enquire into the expedi-
fiicy or nianmg provision tor and in pay
incut of the Indian War debt in California.
Mr. Ilnun, of California, introduced a
bill for the construction of a railroad from
the Missouri river to tho Kasteru
boundary of California
The Post Office Appropriation bill was
finally passed, and was approved by the
President. It appropriates $4,200,000 for
tleiicienclcs proper to June Inst; fl, 000,
000 for the support of tho Department till
Juno next; and $2,400,000 for payment of
salaries, paper, etc., and interest ut 0 per
i...,.-. vi,i, .v ivuiii.iiu.a i,iiui.-'t;ivi-f'. III lull
0f nil damages.
A mono? tho be bills presented in tl.
OA, if ,l, f t .tlltit. IM ll.......lHi.a I r.ill
House ou the 13th, was one by Mr. Feu
ton for a Pacific Railroad, which wns re
ferred to the Committee on Military Af
fairs. In the Senate, on the lfiih, Mr. G win,
from the Post Office Committee, reported
a bill for the construction of a telegraph
line to the Pacific.
In tho Senate on the 10th, 250 bills and
resolutions were introduced.
Among them was a resolution offered by
Mr. Sherman, instructing the Post Offico
Committee to enquire into tho expediency
or reporting a bill dividing the country into
..to..! .l;..,:..la nt ..n 1..b ll...n ... C .
, ,, . , . . , .
lowest responsible bidder, rc-orgnnizingthe
Tost Offico Department and mail servico
1,1 conrormily with the foregoing, and nbol
the frtti.ki.ig privikge. Tho resolu
tion was adopted,
Messrs. Curtis, Phelps, Scott and Rurch,
severally introduced Pacific Railroad and
Telegraph bills, which were referred to the
Post Ollice Committee.
Mr. Otero introduced a bill for the or
ganization or the Territory or Nevada, and
Mr. Parrott a bill for the introduction or
Kansas into the Union.
Lkhislation ko Okrc. Mr. Stout,
or Oregon, has introduced a bill to extend
the timo within which the Governor or the
State or Oregon shall select tho lauds
granted to thut Stato in the act for admis
sion or the State or Oregon; and a bill
crenting a new land district in the Stato or
Oregon. Ho also gave notice or a bill Tor
building a wagon road across the Cascade
mountains. Also a bill to provide for re
moving obstructions to tho navigation or
tho Columbia nnd Willamette rivers.
Mr. Stout's resolution directing the
Third Auditor to furnish a statement of
the Oregon Wur Debt has been handed in,
and the aggregate amount reported by him
is $2,7 1 2,000, based on tho instructions
adopted by the last Congress, whereas the
report of the Commissioners placed the
amount at over $tl,000,000. This is quite
a reduction, but both Senator Lime mid
Stout arc determined, if possible, to bring
this matter to a close.
The same gentleman hits introduced bills
That the Committee on Printing be in
structed to inquire into the expediency or
printing tho final report of Governor Ste
vens or the exploration or the Northern
route for n Pacific railroad.
That the Committee on Postofflces and
Postroads be requested to inquire the ex
pediency of establishing a tri-weekly mail
service, by fonr-horse conches, from Jack
sonville to Portland, in Oregon, and, ir
deemed necessary, to report a bill therefor.
That tho Secretary or ar he requested
to communicate to this House the official
correspondence or Brig. Gen. W. S. Har
ney, in command of the Department ol Or
egon, relating to the affairs of that Depart
The two first wero adniitcd; the last, in
relation to the San Juan Island correspon
dence, was referred to tho Military C
inSy .... Su , ... ,
ed a resolution by Mr. Stevens of W. T.,
calling directly for the olliciul correspon
dence of Lieut. Gen. Scott and Brig. Gn.
Harney, In rerercuco to the Island or Sun
Mr. Stevens introduced resolutions that
tho Committee on Postollloes and Post
roads be instructed to inquire into the ex
pediency or establishing a semi-weekly mail
from St. Paul and Luke Superior to Scat-
Ilia lire "IIU ll"" "1""'""- " '""U
!..L..!U LI- 41. a -vimih.lintf M Atif U I ll lull! I'
. i ,., .... .... T1.rd .tgome noTTit
i.,..i i.-t,irlinrr llnml'ji Cmml
Ull t u'-v T
Admiralty Inlet, Washington Sound, and
the Straits of Sun Juan de Fuca; and to
of Q a(1(, Vasbington iu 1855 and
a bill authorizing tbe settlement of the
accounts or the clerks or tbe U. S. courts
in Oregon, and Washington Territory.
. r .i ..t . I. '1 t
A bill to create an additional land di
nib, in ,, .oiiingivn v.....
A bill making additional appropriations
for tbe erection o the public buildings or
A bill for the completion of the military
road from Fort Benton to Walla Walla.
a bill for tbe construction of military
roads in the Territory or Y, ashington.
roaas id m. irrnuii . -....u6..-.
A bi,l for a Snfor. ntendept of tod...
On equor (13 liuee or b w, lirevier nieaaur) one
" two iiuertloiis, 4,00
Kacb euheequeul irwerton, I, 00
Reaannable dtducliont U lliuaa hu advrrtiaa l.jf
- ,1. fc
and other kiude. dune to order, ou ehorl notice.
Affairs for Washington Territory, and ad
ditional Indian agents.
A bill for the defence of Paget Sound
and the entrances of the Columbia river.
A bill for the completion of the military
roads In the Territory of Washington.
A bill fur tho improvement uf Columbia
A bill for tho relief of tho legal repre.
arntatives of the estate of i'hnrlc II. M
Gen. Lane tins Introduced a bill to se
cure tho right or pre-emption to certain set.
tiers on laud temporarily occupied as nn
Indian reserve iu Oregon.
Vaett la AntiMaomtcal Catrataltoaa.
Few persons nro aware or the nicety rc
quired in astronomical observations. The
rod used in measuring a base line is eon
monly somewhere about ten feet long; tw
tho astronomer may be said to applv tho
very rod to mete tho tli.tuucc of the stars.
iVtt error in placing a flue dot which Sxes
the length ot the rod, amounting to one
five-thousandth of an inch the thickness
of a single silken fibre will amount to an
error or seventy feet iu the earth's diatiic-.
ter, of three hundred and sixteen miles in
tho tun's distance, nnd to more than sixty
Gvo millions or miles iu thut of the nearest
fixed stur. As the astronomer in his ob
servatory has nothing further to do with
ascertaining lengths or distances, except
by calculation, his whole, skill and urtitice
nro consequently exhausted iu the measure
men or angles, it being by these alone
that spaces inaccessible can be compared.,
Happily a ray of light is straight; were it
not so, iu celestial spaces nt least, there
were an end or astronomy. Now, an an
glo of a second 3000 to a degree is
subtle thing. It Las nn apparent breadth
utterly invisible to the unassisted eye, un
less accompanied with so intonse a splendoi,
as iu the cuse of tho fixed star, ns actually
to raise by its effect ou tho nerve or sight a
spurious image having a sensible breadth,
A silkworm's fibre, such as has been men
tioned above, subtends nn angle or a sec
ond, at three and a hair feet distance; a
cricket bull, two and a half inches diame.
ter, must be removed in order to subtend n
a second to forty-three thousand feet ur
about eight miles, where it would be utterly
invisible to the sharpest s;ght, aided even
by a telescope of same power. Vet it is
on tho measure or one single second that
the ascertainment or a sensible pttrallux in
any fixed stur depends; and an error
or oiic-thousundth or that amount a quan
tity still immeasurable by the most icrfect
or instruments would place the star too.
far or too near by 200,000,000 miles, a
space which light requires one hundred and
eighteen days to travel.
Deuocbacv. In tho days or Jackson
and more recently, under the administration
ol Polk, Democracy was a very different
thing from what it now is. In those daya
it was a political croed, around which a
grcut party rallied, und in which they con
fided. Now it is a great national ulcer,
und has inflamed with its virus tho entire
body politic. After fitful periods of foetid
buiTonings, it has broken out upon tho
surface in diseased aspects, as unexpected
in kind as in locality. The embodiment of
ruffianism, it is without moral stumma or
personal manliness goading the few lion,
est men who have follim in with it, by
forced marches to nets or robbery, forger)',
and violence, ending in disgrace! Front
one mad-cup enterprise into another, De
mocracy is driving its devotees on to
servile revolt, and having sown the wind,
iH destined ere long to roup the whirlwind.
Tho servile elements or this corrupt and
upostate Democracy is everywhere diffused.
It furnishes its Walkers for the purpose
or filibustering, nnd they are heroes. It
furnishes its Browns and Cooks for the
Jiurposes or revolt, conspiracy, and mur
Icr, ami they are jenlous! When those
rush, ill-advised and sang.iiiinry outbreaks
or ah infuriated Democracy will end, God
only knows. The whole pulse of the being,
soul and conscience of Democracy, beats to
a monetary music; it keeps time to the tin.
klo of a dollar! Toadyism aud twaddle
arc characteristic or all who become con
verts to this infamous Democraey, anil con
tcmptiioua derision nnd studied insult ii
what they merit at the hands of ull honest
men. Urownlnui't Whig.
Vivin Dkhcmitiox ok a Row is tub
wse. The spcciul Washington corres
pondent of the Cleveland Pluiudealer
" At once there arrme o wild a yell," &.
This is a littlo ahead or anything yet,
Buffalo runners in steamboat times would
stand no more chance here than a boh-tu'd
bull iu fly-time,
I can tee. tbe gavel going, tint can't hear
it. Now I nm sorry I used the comparison
of the bob-tailed bull so soon. Here is a
first-rate place for it. Wbut a voice that.
Tom Florence has got! Tho Speaker erica
"orDERI" Florence cries, "Mr. Spea.
KKR!" One-story Washburne cries,
" PR1 VILEO K Question!" " PREVI
OUS QUESTION." "POINT OF
ORDER 1" rings all over tbe House.
Keitt lays back and smiles so loud that you
could hear him in your office if you wcildj
listen. This is all for " pure cussedness'.
aa Ed. Wade would any. The Speaker,
will probably send for a big gong' Vita,
nigger to ring it. "These is times." Mo
tion to adjourn, which Imkily is always in
ordtf, brings a calm. Adjourned till Frj-day.
Tin raoraisroa ur thi AROl'8 I nrT
to luforin the piihlie thai lit ha jiujt re eirtd a
large lock nt JOII TVl'K and oiher new prim
ln material, and will b in the ) eeily reeeiut ul
addiliulia euiled to all III niiiiieieruia (if ili a Ir.
CTlny. IIAXnilll.18, roMHtri. I I.ANKB.
CAKOH. Clltt'L'I.AItS. l'AMl')ll.kT.Wll:k