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About The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863 | View This Issue
Stl)c rcgou Argus.
W. L. !, OITO AND raoraiKToa.
SATl'RDAV, AUGUST 21, Ih.'.H.
txg" Tlio Kditur i alim-nt tliln neck.
JO The Diinocriuy arc bunting to
vctt all over tlic Northern State on tlio
Leeointon nxk. Foriiojr'i I'rwM adviw
tlio Pcnioonwy to vote for no Leromiiton
itc, l)iit to run a Douglas Pcinocrut Tor
Conjrrrwi aguitiKt every Ioconijitouittt w ho
Rucemlx in fcrlhji a Di'inoerutic nomina
tion. The Pre nxyn tlmt the nnti-Lo-comjitoii
iiiiniliei of Coiifrrw. wen every
where greeted with iulilie dtinonstrntioint
of approval on tlieir way homo from Con
gress, while the Leconiptoiiitiii hIiiiiIc home
without hardly finding any bo low as to do '
In California tlio Democracy oro uplit
ting on the name rock. Tlio State Con
vention nii't at Sacramento Aug. 4th. The
Convention wan to iiuiiiIxt 324 mcmlM-rn.
Of these, 19 were Administration and
143 DuiigliM. Tlio AdniiiiLstrution orgnim
wero tlireatciiing to have 03 of thew oit
glim dclcgiitcg thrown out of the Conven
tion, to give place to as many Administra
tion " couteKtiit. Urodcrick and Mo
Kiblxm have returned home, and wo may
look for a great time among the unwashed
Xew Steamkiis. Cassedy & Co.'s new
Rtcomlwat, the " Jlelief," built for the trade
between Oregon City and Portland, made
a trial trip on Thursday lost, and to-day
die goes to Vancouver. Her dimensions
are: Length 102 foct, b;oadth of beam 24
feet, depth of hold 31 feet. Her nmehin-
ery was made at the Willamette Iron
Works of Ilossi A Co., in this citv.
dipt. Jamieson's new boat for tlio iijh
river trade, building at Cancmiili, was
launched last Tuesday afternoon. She is
expected to be in running order by the
time the rains set in. Her machinery is
also to be furnished by Rossi & Co.
View ok Pojiti.axd. Mr. J. A. Post
has presented us with a picture of Port
land, Oregon, drawn and lithographed by
Kuehel & Dresol of San Francisco, and
published by S. J. MtCormiek. In size,
tlio picture is about 20 by 3d inches, nud
is a beautiful representation of our sister
city. Those wishing copies of the picture
can procure the same at Font's Hook Store
(lato Uradley & Co.'s) in this city, and at
McCormick's, Portland. Price $2,50.
Tk u per a x c k. Wo leurn that Uev. Mr.
Diehl, of California, is coming to Oregon,
to lecture on Temperance through the Ter
ritory. He is expected to arrive on the
next steamer. Mr. Diehl has been con
nected with the TeniRTunce cause in Cali
fornia for some years past, nnd the present
movement is entirely on his own account.
The nines North.
There is very little news from tlio Xorth
( em mines this week. Mr. J. W. Lewis of
this city a few days since received a litter
from his brother Peter Lewis, dated at
Fort IIojhs on Frazier lliver, tho latter
part of July. He says the water is so
so high that the miners cannot work the
low bars, but those who have claims that
they can work are making from ten to
(twenty-five dollars per duy to the num.
We copy the following from the Portland
Later From Victoria. On Friday
night of last week, there arrived in tins city
mbout fifty persons from Victoria, among
whom was our townsman John Sturr. Mr.
iKturr left this city pome weeks since on the
Matthew Yasser and proceeded to Victoria
direct, where he 1ms remained up to the
time of his leaving for home on the 10th
inst. He took with him romp goods, whiel
lie sold soon after his arrival, at fair rates.
Jlo brought back with him about eighty
ounces in gold dust, all of which he ob
tained at Victoria. The greater portion
of this dust is quicksilver dust and taken
from one of the bars on Finzcr river. A
small portion is fine dust washed lind se
cured without the aid of quicksilver.
About seven ounces Is course dust said to
have been dug on Thompson river. Mr.
Starr reports that hundreds of the miners
ore leaving Victoria for California, having
bceu long in waiting for the full of the river,
so that they could mine, nnd now having
beeomo discouraged and disgusted with
their prospects. Ho reports that the
chances for miners getting through to up
per Frazer and Thompson rivers are very
poor, that some havo been through nnd
prosjiected, but have been unable to find
the gold in paying quantities, have found
provisions hardly sufficient to sustain life,
aud have eonio back in disgust, with curses
upon the mining region north. The waters
of Frazer river still prevent all, but few,
from mining on the burs of that stream.
These few make but small average daily
The Victoria Gazette of Aug. 10th, has
the following in relation to the condition of
tho river and the success of the miners:
"This stage of continuous high water,
however vexatious it nmy prove, can hardly
be pronounced unexpected, since those most
conversant with tho condition of the rivers
in this region, have from the first assured
ns that the water would not lie low enough
to admit of successful mining nntil tho last
of August or the middle of September.
Owing to this rise in the river, the
. miners as a general thing were hardly do
ing as well as they were ten davs ago. A
fair estimate of what they are doing would ,
Rccin to CKtuMuih that ntmut half of thow
now in the river are doing nothing,
while one fourth are making nmuil wugtn,
my from two to five dollar, the remaining
fourth realizing from tlio la.it niciitiomH
mini all the why ui to nil v. and even in
Home few caxc a hiindrel dollars a day."
We leoru from the Pioneer A Democrat
tlmt the iiarty of eighty-two men who went
out to the Wenateheo under the guidance
of W. If. IVamon, have returned to the
Sound, Iwlng warned by a friendly Indian
that they would certainly bo attacked and
cut to piece if they proceeded further.
Mr. Knott, one of the company, given
the Pioneer & Democrat tlio following In
formation reflecting the prospects of gold
in that quarter:
" The compony had but little opportu
nity for prociK-cting, cither going or return
ing, an all tlieir movements wero cloneiy
wiitclicd by the Indiana, and it was thought
prudent not to excite their apprchciiMoiu
by iirosiK-i-tinir in tlieir presence. Two or
three of the party, however, did find op
port unity to do so, unobserved by the In
(linns, nnd represented that they invariably
found not only the color, but pai ticlc.1 of
gold not unrrcquciitly in good sized scales.
tiT The Jacksonville Herald proving a
losing business to iU publishers, its publi
cation has been subtended. .
f t-iP There is now a duily iiuiirix'twceii
uregon t iiy ana rortinmt.
t Mr. O 'Meant, editor of tho Stand
ard, returned from Sun Francisco this week,
whither he has been for some weeks past
on account of a broken arm.
tt-3" Gov. Denver, of Kansas, it is said
will resign his office soon after the August
Vermont. The Republican State Con
vention, held at Montpclier on the 29th of
June, nominated Hiland Hull, of Benning
ton, for Governor; Runihnm Martin, of
Chelsea, for Lieutenant Governor, and
Henry M. Rutes, of Xortlnield, for State
Treasurer. Senator Collumer, W. C. How
ard, meuito of Congress from Michigan,
uud others, addressed tho Convention,
which was largely attended aud very en
thusiastic. Indiana. Jas. Wilson, Republican, has
been nominated for reelection from the
Eighth Congrcfsionul District. Tito Ninth
District Republican Convention, at Ply
mouth, Juno 20th, was very largely at
tended, and Schuyler Colfax was unani
mously nominated for reelection to Con
gress. The Democratic Convention of the
Fourth District has nominated W. S.
Holmes, nnti-Lccompton, for Congress.
In the Eleventh District the Republicans
havo nominated John V. Pettit for reflec
tion to Congress. In tho Third District
the Lccoinpton Democrats nominated Jus.
Hughes for reelection to Congress. The
anti-Lecompton Democrnts of the district
afterword held a convention, repndiuted
Hughes, nnd nominated John F. Cnrr.
Missocri. The Republicans of tho St.
Louis District, in Convention, on the 28th
of June, nominated Frank P. Blair, Jr.,
for reflection to Congress, by acclamation.
Three full tickets are now in the field Re
publican, American, and Democratic. J. R.
llaiTett is the Democratic nominee.
Iowa. The Republicans of this State
held a Convention at Iowa City on the 1 1th
of June, Col. Fitz Henry Warren presid
ing, and nominated for Secretary of State,
Elijah Sells, of Muscatine; for Auditor,
Jus. W. Cartell, of Cedar; for Treasurer,
John W. Jones, of Harding; for Land
Register, Amos U. Miller, of Ccrro Gordo;
for Attorney General, Samuel A. Riee, of
Mahaska; for Commissioner, William C.
Druke, of Wayne.
Illinois. Owen Lovejoy has been nom
inated for reelection to Congress by the
Republicans of the Third District.' The
Republican State Convention mot June 10,
lit Springfield. Ouo thousand delegates
and ultcrnnk'S, representing 95 counties,
were present. Juntos Miller was renomi
nated for State Treasurer, nnd W. Bute-
man for Superintendent of Public Instruc
tion. Resolutions were adopted endorsing
the Philadelphia platform, denouncing tho
Dred Scott decision, and retiffirniing the
power of Congress over the Territories. A
resolution in favor of A. Lincoln as their
choice for U. S. Senator, was passed by
N'khraska. Forty delegates from nine
counties have organized a Republieuu party
in Nebraska Territory.
Kaxsas. The preliminary trial of Gen.
Lane for killing Jenkins hud been in pro
gress teu days up to Juno 23d. It is
thought Lane will finally be acquitted, but
will havo lost all his influence on account of
the unfortunate, occurrence. He is said to
regret tho occurrence exceedingly, nnd
would rather have been iu Jenkins's place.
JKS Gov. Stewart, of Missouri, while
pretty drunk, got into a quarrel about the
middle of June, at Jefferson City, with one
Vundiver, who was also corned, when Van
diver knocked him down and beat him se
verely. They afterward washed tlieir faces
and shook hands as friends.
W A Pittsburg paper says that Vice
President Breckinridge is preparing to eu
ter the field as a candidate for the Demo
cratic nomination for the Presidency at the
Charleston Convention in 1860.
JS3 A contract has been concluded by
tho Post Office and Xavy DeMirtments
with the Pacific Mail Steamship Company,
for carrying the mails between Astoria and
Panama at $34H,250 per annum.
Senator Ciumsnii.v is Kintitky.
Senator Crittenden arrived at Lexington
and was warmly received. He was re
ceived by the venerable Chief Justico Itob-
ertson, who, in pcuking of Mr. Critten
den's course on the Kansas question, said:
" You havo done as the great Commoner
would have done. Here, on this mm.
standing as we are beforo this people, be
tween Ashland and tho cemetery where the
shaft is rising in solid grandeur to murk his
grave here, between tho living aud the
dead lictweeii tho homo where tho Sage
of Kentucky dwelt and his grave, bedewed
ly a nation s tears, I solemnly assure you
it is our belief that, had the noble Clay been
at your side, the courso you have pursued
would have beon his. We, who knew him
well, know ho could not have dono other
w!m without rciiouncinir his life-long cher
ished principles. Kentucky does and 'will
" For your agency in the manly defense
of the right you ore deserving or our love
and veneration, home day, living or dead,
the gratitude of the country will lie offered
vou for it and that too with potent em
phasis by tho South herself.
" W uatevcr he the judgment ol others,
wo will prove true to you. Wo approve
all that you havo done, and will stick to
rou and stand by yon. Kentucky, your
loving mother, will hug yon closer to her
bosom the mora you are assailed. Mio will
recognize you as thcmnulv, Indeiieiideiit and
patriotic servant who has devoted his life
with filial piety and unsclhsh aims to her in
terests and the nation's welfare."
Free Labor. The St. Louis Democrat
assumes that free labor is certain to super
sede slavery, not only In Missouri, but in
all tho slave States, aud, impressed with
this idea, it culls on the people of the South
to cease their opiosition to tho cause of
free labor and prepare for the final extinc
tion of shivery: We make this extract
" Tho pusillanimity which will not sec a
stern and ummtigulile certumty, because it
dislikes it, is' both Foolish and cowardly.
Demonstrably, such a certainty is the ulti
mate victory of free labor in the slnve States,
This is universally conceded elsewhere, and,
in those States themselves, is sullenly more
than half confessed. How vain, then, and
how hopeless of aught but mischief, to pro
tract and embitter the strife! Why should
not the, lovers of the country in the slave
States amicably consult upon the best mode
of securing the happy triumph of free labor?
Once let the question be fnirly inaugurated
among our people, and we believe they will
shortly be found to be en matte, of one
mind. Let tho people exercise the right of
independent freemen, to think, to speak, and
to uet for themselves. The time is not fur
distant when they will do it, and if the leg
islators who now represent them will not
lead in this movement, tlieir places will be
supplied by others. What is needed now is
not so much a strenuous advocacy of the
doctrines of free labor as a wise preparation
for their destined triumph."
Mr. Stanton on Mr. Bithaxax
Plain Talk. Ex-Secretary Stanton is
stumping Kansas against tho Lccoinpton
Constitution, and pouring destructive broad
sides into that atrocious fraud, and the mis
erable Democracy which supports it. Du
ring Mr. Stanton's speech ut Leavenworth
City, he touched on tho President iu this
" Gentlemen, I have sought in vain to
find an example in history of such treachery
as that which has Iteen exhibited by the
present administration toward Governor
Wulker in these momentous affairs in Kuti
sas. Since tho days of King David no
parallel can be found. Even his treatment
of Uriah, the Hittite, was scarcely as bad
as Mr. Buchanan's treatment of his " best
friend nnd wisest counselor." By Uriah's
own hand, David sent an order to Joab:
" Set vo Urinh in the forefront of the hot
test buttle, and retire yc from hint, that he
may be smitten and die." But treacher
ously sacrificed ns he was, he at least had
the opportunity of meeting a glorious death
on tho field of battle, falling in tlio cause
of his country, and leaving behind an im
perishable name. He esenped the mortifica
tion of surviving his own honor, nnd of
knowing himself betrayed by his king.
David, too, had the excuse of being moved
4o commit this crime by the most uncon
trollable .of human passions. Mr. Buchan
an has no shadow of excuse. His con
duct exhibits a case of unmitigated treach
ery treachery to friends treachery to
he best nnd highest interests of tho great
and pathetic party winch placed him m
power. David s enuring oy t nun s who
was not permitted to'live; so the Lccoinp
ton Constitution the bastard result of 1,1'.
Buchanan's unnatural alliance with the
Southern disunionists already stricken by
tho curse of God, will die by the hands of
the people. David, however, having truly
repented of. his great wickedness, was for
givcu nnd restored to the favor of his Crea
tor. Mr. Buchanan, on the other hand,
being obdurate and unrelenting, has com
mitted tho unpardonable sin, aud will re
ceive the execration of good mcu iu all time
Tho nature of tho crime against Popular
Sovereignty and the liberties of a people,
involved in the English Bill, is thus vividly
" Gentlemen, I can hardly trust myself
to speak of this passage in tho history of
my country. Xo greater crime against
lilierty has been anywhere committed du
ring this century. All the miserable and
ilimsy pretexts all the technical aud pre
posterous dogmas by which this mon
strous falsehood has been attempted to be
justified and nphcld, are bnt the thin dis
guise under which tyranny and wrong
would hoiie to conceal their unholy purjiose.
Tho Administration well knows Congress
knows the whole world knows that the
people of Kansas are almost unanimous
against the Lecompton fraud. The unfor
tunate and discreditable circumstances un
der which the instrument was clothed with
the regular and technical form of law, have
been fully exposed. o man need be igno
rant of any of these facts. And yet by
means of a technical presumption through
a mere legal faction positive and well
known facts are made to give way a
known faisuhood is to be established as troth
and the institutional rights of free
leiplc ore to lie sacrificed and trampled in
the dust I Gentlemen, when tho passions
and prejudices of tho present hour ahull
have passed away, the sjicctaclo now exhil)-
ited will be considered one or the most ex
traordinary phenomena ever presented in
the history of tho world. The solid and
substantial liberties intended to have been
secured to tho States and Territories, by
the Constitution of tho United States, arc
to bo substituted by a mere sham, a mere
painted bubble, a mere gossamer, cob web
tlsstio of false louie and contemptible tech-
nichnlitics; and almost tho whole body of
a onco powerful and patriotic party Is se
duced, infatuated and mesmerized, to believe
tho patent and baleful lie! '
tSf Stephen Dillaye, a prominent Xew
York politician, having lieen turned out of
a fut office in the Custom-houso at the in
stance of Congressman Sickles, who had
quarreled with him iu the party caucuses,
writes a very sharp letter to Secretary
Cobb of tho Treasury, which illuminates
some of the Democratic dissension! In high
pluces. Ho charges the Secretary with
using the patronage of his place to help
himself to tho Presidency in 1800, with se
cret opjiosition to Collector Sehell nnd Sec
retary Floyd of the War Department, who
stand in his way, and with gross personal
bad faith to him (Dillaye) nnd others.
But the wont thing Mr. Dillaye soys of
the Secretary is this:
" You offered, in case I should resign, to
add your official certificate to the fact that
I had fully disproved every charge, at the
sumo time Raying that if I did not resign,
you would remove me, and decide that the
charges were not disproved."
What Mr. Buchanan Costs the Coun
try. Tho U. S. Economist estimates the
actual expenditures of the next fiscal year
at $90,000,000. The receipts of the treas
ury from imposts are not likely to exceed
$50,000,000, and those from tho sales of
lands will be trifling, so that not far from
$40,000,000 will have to be borrowed. This
will bring up the public debt incurred by
the present Admiuistration since December,
1857, to the round sum of $80,000,000.
It will not take long after tlmt, at the pres
ent rote of progress, to swell this huge
debt to one hundred million of dollar!
With such a prosm-ct beforo the country,
ouc is naturally ledlo consider what would
1)0 its condition if it wero not under the
guardianship of a sternly economical Demo
No Administration that creates an enor
mous National Debt, in the entire nlisencc
of a foreign war, can be sustained before
the American people. '
A Sexsim.e Southern Opinion, The
Richmond Whig, noticing the constant and
canting appeals of the Southern Democrats
for "a united South, iu support of the
Democratic candidate for the next Presi
dency," takes occasion to disclaim the re
motest idea of doing so foolish a thing,
"uuder any conceivable circumstances,"
aud adds :
" We may as well fraternize with and
support Sewurd for the Presidency, as for
Southern Democrats to support Douglas,
whom they have denounced very recently
as just as bad, if not worse thou Seward.
And, m truth we apprehend less danger to
the South from the election to tlio Presi
dency of an open and avowed Black Ro
publican than of a sneaking and hypocriti
cal Northern Democrat with Southern
JEa? Owing to apprehended serious
troubles with the savage tribes in Oregon
the War Department has, it is stated, deei
dud to send a portion of the Utah army to
that Territory. Gen. Harney will be re
called from Utah, and proceed to Oregon
to assume command of tho forces there.
Senator Shields passed through Chi
cago on his way to Minnesota, breathing
threntcnings nnd slaughter against the Ad
ministration in a fearful manner. On Illi
nois politics, the General ventured the
opinion that his old colleague, Mr. Douglas,
ought to be re-elected, . but that he would
Another British Outrage. One of
the latest outrages reported is that of the
schooner Citizen, of Camden, Maine, which
arrived at Boston from St. Domingo on tho
0th of June, nnd reported that she had
been boarded in a most unjustifiable and
provoking manner by a British war steamer
in the Gulf. She was not , fired into, but
was supplied with several casks of water,
which the schooner very much needed!
CoMFLIMENTARV TlTLEI. TllO tWO factionl of
Democracy in Illinou tho National! and Dou
glas bollera ore jurt now engaged in "making
facta and calling names." The Douglas bolters
appear to have the advantage thus far in this
amiable pastime. For example: The State
Register stylus the Xatiunala " the Buzzard Crew
and Liizzaroni ;" the Quincy Herald terms them
" Stink-fingcra ;" the Times and Judge Douglas,
himself, call them '' Danites j" Gen. Linder and
other orators designate them by tne euphonious
and complimentary appellation of " Hungry
Miscreants." To edict an this the Nationals
hare thus far invented no other names for their
late associates than " Bolters'' and Abolition
ists.' Are the Nationals deficient in the faculty
of invention, or have their dissenting Democratic
brethren forestalled tbem by employing all die
dirty blackguards of the State on their side!
Licomftok in Pixkstltania. A Harrisburg
correspondent of the New York Tribune believe
the Anti-Lecompton State ticket in Pennsylvania
will be elected by from 30,000 to 40,000 majority ;
and that twenty-one of the twenty-five Congres
sional Districta are sure to elect Anti-Lecompton
representatives, with a lair chance hi some of the
other four districts. He thinks that even the Hon.
Jehu Glancy Jones is by no means sari of
"dining with the President," as a "leading
member," after the close of this Congress.
IS" By a curious law of North Carolina, mag-
istrates are not allowed to receive fees for tying j
Ihe matrimonial knot in that State.
LuL TsNina. The question of" What I a
Irgal teuder t" la so often asked, that we have pre
pared an abstract rliowing what la legal tender I
In tli kbaviica of any special agreement, tlaes
only payment or legal leudt-r known to llis law is
by cash. The tender should properly be in cash,
and must be so if that la required. A lender of
Isnrcr sum than la due, with a requirement of
vlisiiiru or of the bulancs. la not rikmI. A lawful
tender, and payment of die money into Court, is 'a
giml defence to an action for the debt. Hut the
creditor may break down his itU rue by proving
that he dt-mundeU Hie money in uie armor, ami
the debtor refused to give it subseuuen ly to Ilia
1-effnl tender of money varies in different coun
tries. Thus, in Kiiglauil, Hunk of EiiKbiud notes
(ezccpl by Uie lisnk Itwitj rum giu are h g.ii len
der fur any amount ) silver to the amount of forty
In the I'niled Slates the gulJ and silver coins of
the United Stales were made legnl tender by the
act of January 18, I8."i7, yin 1'lint dollars, half
dollars, quarter dollars, dunes and hall dimes, slum
be a legal tender, according to their nominal val
ue, for any sums whatever ; the gold entile at ton
dollars, the half eailo at fit dollars, and the quar
ter eagle for two and a half dollars, lly the act
or ,1S4J, the coinage at tne douu:e eagle value
twenty dollars, and of the gold dollar was author
ized, both of which are legal lender fur uny
amount. Owing to the reduced weight of the
new silver coins authorized by l-mign , 3d
March, 18.') I, and 21st February, lb.VI, they are
no longer legal tender except in small sums, via:
Three-cent pes. (Acts 1 8.1 1 oV MX), 0 30
Half-dollars, 1U3 grs each, Fib. "I,'.il,
(juarter-dols., till do do do
Dimes, 3S.40 do do do
llir-dimes, 19.;0 do do do .
I!y the act of February, 1K57, "all former acta
authorizing llie currency of foreign (fold and Sil
ver coins, and declaring the same a leg;!) lender in
payment of debts, are hereby repealed."
A Live Euitos in thk Skmatk. The Senate
of the Uuited Slates has been honored by the elec
tion of an editor to a seal In that body. Ei-llov-ernor
II. B. Anthony, editor of the Providence
Journal, has been chosen U. S. Senator from
Uhode Island, for six years from (he 4th of March
next Gov. Anthony is not exactly "one of our
sort of folks," In that he has been, for aome lime
post, too intimately associated with Uie schemes
and measures of the republican parly, while we
have nothing to do with that set, but we never
theless regard him ss an honorable, talented editor,
who has contribute.) to dignify his profession, and
often manifested an independence of republican
fanaticism highly creditable to the paper over
which he presides.
Many of our public men hate been in some way
connected with the press, but all are l-jrgely in
debted lo it for position and success. Hut it is
seldom that a profcss'onal editor occup'es a scut
in the Senate of tho Uuifcd Sintes. They gener
ally contribute largely to the choice of some pub
lic man who could nut reach the position without
such aid, aud in nine eases out of ten modestly
surrender lo others the fruit of Ihe'r labors.
Since we must have a republican Senator from
Iihode Island, we are glad thut the position has
fullen upon so capable a member of the editorial
profession. N. Y. Journal of Commtrte.
Rksfo.nsibiutt or I.nsa.m Peopls. A suit has
just been decided in Worcester county, Mass., in
volving the important question of the rrsjxnuiibility
of iiwunc people. It was a i-use wlie:eiu Col.
Howe, of Kutland, sued the estato of Daniel Saun
ders, deceased, for the la of his houte by a fire
set by Suundcrs, an Insane man living in the fum
ily, in February, 1 8 in which fire Saunders
wus burned to death. The Supreme Court has
decided that the estate should not sutler the loss,
and MoFsrs. Chief Justice Mcllen, James Allen
and Jonathan Warren, sitting as a board of Trus
tees, have maintained tho deoision.
C2T Cadets are appointed to Went Point equal
ly from all parts of the country, according to the
representation in Congrcs ; but merit alone main
tains them there, and at graduation there are
frequently decided sectional differences. Thus of
the 27 graduates this year, Massachusetts has
four; New York, Mississippi, Tennessee, Ala
bama, New Jersey, Connecticut, South Carolina,
Maine, Indiana, Utah, Pennsylvania, and Ken
tucky, one each ; Maryland, Ohio, North Caroli
na, and Georgia, two each ; and there are three at
largo. New England has six; the free States
have eleven, and the slave States ten, and I'tuh
India. The Bombay Standard of April 2l;h
gives a gloomy account of Britirh afl'uirs in India,
The Standard says that it is doubtful whether the
British troops will go into a hot-weather campaign
'-sure to weaken tnem so fcariully" or
whether the war is to bo suspended for the present
to be resumed in October. The Standard says:
" We have still 150,000 armed men in the field
against ns, the people everywhere failing to nflbrd
us assistance or information. Within Uie next two
years we shall require at least 40,000 additional
troops from England."
CirMr. Layard, the distinguished British
traveler, who has just returned frum a tour of ob
servation in British India, discredits entirely, in an
address to the citizens of London, the alleged ca
ses of mutilation by the revolted Hindoos and Ma
hommedans. He says, after the most vigilant in
vestigation, he had not been able to meet with a
solitary instance. He did not wish," he said,
" to deny or palliate the atrocities which had been
committed in India. It was a rising of Uie people,
and they meant to exterminate men, women and
children of Europeans, but they did not mean to
insult or mutilate."
Hard to Suit. The Vigilante got up a rebel
lion in New Orleans because there was, aa they
said, no law there. And now they are running
away, swift-footed fugitives f;oai justice, because
there is too muck luw there.
Cl-rc roa Stammesino. At every syllable pro
nounced, lap at Uie same time with the finger.
By so doing the most inveterate stammerer will be
surprised to find he can pronounce quite fluently,
and, by long and constant practice, he will pro
nounce perfectly well. This may be explained in
two ways, either by a sympathetic consentaneous
action of Uie nervea of voluntary motion in the
finger, and in those of the tongue, which is the
most probable ; or it may be that the movement of
Uie finger distracts the attention of Uie individual
from his speech, and allows a free action of the
nerves concerned in articulation.
Women require more aleep than men, and
farmers leas than those engaged in any other occu
pation. Editors, reporters, printers and telegraph
operators need no aleep at all. Lawyers can
sleep aa much aa they choose, and thus kept out of
lIt has been ascertained from experiments
that Ihe red light of a lighthouse can be seen at a
greater distance than the ordinary white light, bat
Uie aome ia not the ease with green and blue
lights. Hitherto it has been supposed that it was
Uie white light which was seen farthest oC
7The French Government has in formed i
the directors of Uie theaters of Paris that orders '
bare been rives to the theatrical censors not to ,
tolerate any longer the use of slang terms or '
vulgar language in plays and vaudevilles. .
8s or 8i.t in K,snta.-Tb seass rf
smell, If we msy judge front the aaalwacj
lure of fishes, is their must scuta aenss J.
ealU It their real eye, fur by It they dUasIi
tlieir food or Ihsir enemies at great distance-.
It seems to be most fully develop! la the
that luhabit muddy waters, as the MbaWipj h
Uieso streams the sense of sight his ury
usee, for such (lis raya of light can psnetrsle Z
a few Inches. Tho organ ef smell la placed U.
tween the eyes, and aome Idea of Iu acuteae.
may be had by knowledge of the (act uW aj .
full-sized shark fur Instance, Uie membra
which llie olfactory nervea are ezpanded kas .
surface of twelve or thirteen fcet, while bj ft,
bloodhound and deer It has enry one er Iws
for Ikt Argt.
aaaea r ( nOiwara.il
Cut away, is beard the err,
Quickly keen-edged hatchets fly,
Huon as freed, down doih speed,
Bouudiujf like a frighted steed,
Till she kits the waves thai baa,
Plunging in the green ebyak
Spill ihey now I he ruby win
Ou her bow, as on a shrine,
Sound her name with loud acclaim,
May she merit long the same.
Onward," 'tis a glorious tlicmo
, On the land or on llie stream
Still may Captain Archie show
What uusided worth may Joi
He haih wou this guerdon, -
That his course is always on i
Vising ever, may he never
Progress from llisl name dissever,
Sing I not the foaming bowl,
Feast of reason, llow of soul,
Tables spresd iu neighboring ball,
luviiaiion frre lo all.
" Onward" still, and erer on,
Speed yon, Captain Jamieaon, t
Written uuder the Influence of a slasaef Ad.
sin's ale, immediately after I is launch.
There will be a meeting f lbs Temperance
8o.lety in the Court House li Oregoa City at
next Monday eveuing, comoscis at ssrly oaa
dle-lighling. Aa address, ou llis best made of
conducting srgsnized effort la ike Tempsraaca
cause, may be espeoted fromC. A. Ctirruawrae.
T.' Ill t ... .
riH. aii are inviiea.
i. T. ArrcasoN.
Aug.21, 1858. Simlmf,
July i!5, INuet. at the rmideuce of Mr. ft. P.
Chapman, Howell Prairie, Marion coualy, Mr.
Jahis W. KKixr.v to Miss Causts EooMaa.
On Monday, Aug. 16, 1858,1a Ol.gos Cut,
Jamks Jkkomk, sou of John M. and Rachel V,
iiucoii, oi pneumonia ecused by wnoup ag cough
ag. d 16 mouths and 3U da)a,
3T New York and Ohio papers please eopy. ,
ON the French Praire, a GOLD WATCH
KEV,wiih a miniature portrait in il. The
owner van gel il at the Argus Office by pajiuf fur
this advertisi menL Aug, -jjwl
WE WISH lo Inform nil whs are Indebted
to us that ou tho IUtii oar or Sirrwui
nkxt we hnll close our bonks nud aceouats, sad
yui'l tlit credit but nt't tniiiity ! We shall re
tain our books and papers for one nx.tiih fur the
puriioN) of collection lifter which time all e-
couiii. jicii Killed will be Kdl with some eftV.tr (or
We hope one and all will come forward and i
close up tlieir accounts with cash or such presses
as we usually lu at the market rates, or mikf
sutisfajlorv settlements wjili ns.
CHARM AN $ YAHKBR.'
Oregou City, itug. 14, 1858.
"VfEW 1 IT, just received, aud for aale by
OF my sou, MART I.N BUll.NOFFA, aged
91 years, who left hoigo about four months
ago, and has not bieu hearth froin s'ce I will
reward any one who w.ll give me information ef
his whereabouts. , I live iu lilt French Prairie, 4
miles fiom Fuiifield.
ilug. 14, '58. AXTOINB BVRSOFFA. '
"1TTE EXPECT by next mail steamer a qnaa
V . tity of the Amrr'csil lispiist Publication
Simicty'e Books, eoniling of Fuller's Works,
Biinyuu s do., The Psalinul, pockel, pew, and pul
pit sites, and a variety of oilier works.
We will stale that we intend le keep a eon
plele assortment of the Society's books. Orders
for single books, or by ilia quantity, will be
promptly filled. Churches and Lbreries furnished
at the lowest price.
E. L DKADLET & ce.
Oregon CHy, Aug. 7, 18W.
a. A. A ADA BS. W228,
OFFER their professional services le the eill
sens of SALEM aud vicinity.
They will practice the Hygeo-Medical (bslUJ
known aa Hjdropathic) aystcm, beiieviagsB
drugs to be not only unnecessary in Uie sowrawU
treatment of diseaws, but injurious to the esasU
tulion of tho palieut, and relying entirety opsi
Special attention will be given to Oannaici,
and those diseases peculiar to women aud childrca,
by Mrs. Wmd. Putlents at a distance treated'
upon reasonable terms. A m
RaraRENCEs : Drs. R. T. Trail and O. w.
May, of New York city J Dr. G. M. Bourne,
Office Citv Boon Store, Salem, Wtf-
August 7, 185?.
GOLD MINES AT KC'E!
A. HOLLAND. " WT
HOLLAND & DAY i
HAVE just opened a new and splendid
At the Old Stand ofF. S.JL JloVatd,
opposite Geo. Abernethy's brick store, wl1
can be found at all times ready) wail on etietoiB
era. They are now permanently lecated,
hope by alrict attention lo business l merit a us-
eral share of patronage. , , .
ti..i. -.il ! ... .nnmis ef the following ar-
IJVII Bts.us.-aR ias aca . '-rial
ticles: Ginghams, lawns, debutes, P""!:
flannels, alpacas, bleached domeatic, wool plam,
damask ailk dress goods, hosiery, whits isftirj
check do., hickory do , over it opder do.
shoes of nil kinds & sixes, "'Mi2rt
satinets, blk, brown & while lioen thread, we.
tpool cotton, ribboua, artificial flowers, f- ,
lim, East Borfou syrup. California refined
up, sugars of all kinds, tobacco, coffeeteSja-.
aall, caudles, and a lliousand other things.
memos loment on, all of which Ihey wiu as
low as any other house iu Oregoa City. - . '
They will pay cash or goods for all
duce.auch aa butter, eggs, cbictens.er '--V
thing the farmers have to sell. There aw-e
like trying. So give them a trial.
Oregon City, Aug. 7, 1858.
CASH paid for Uffifl?
-tromhiii rana for Sal.
-r ArCL-n . knlirul larm ei .
I :. v.mi.,ii muniv foe sale. "
Good buildings on the premises ana -r.
.1.1 Utu-. The nlace is adssiisss
wv ... . ' ... !
all to be Site 01 me biu - , yatf
. ., Kor oarticuUrs inquire of
Of the mos aeiurn"" --.j,
of the Argil, w ho is able to give all """"J,
formation. July 31, I8j--10it j