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About The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863 | View This Issue
nnm nniww innncr
ruaLisiiau KVKiir mwiiuu wosnino,
BY WILLIAM L. ADAMS.
TERWI-Tlit A It on a trill In fumiiht.il at
! Tkne DMnrs unl Fifty Vents per annum, in
admiMt, to single mhsrritiert Three Vulture
each Id clubs of ttn at one office in uihmrt
When the mneu ii not paid in ml ounce, four
, VMin will l' di'irqcd if u:ud within six
months, and lure doliirs at the ewl nf the year,
C2f I at Dollars for six months No subscrip-
tiont renined fir a lest period,
fc(f" 'Vi pifr discontinued until nil arrearages
are finil, unlets ot the option of toe puliilnhrr.
i . . ' I'jr the Argus,
The Hold Kxcllrnu-nl--lluulrs, Vc.
, Mn. KniTmt: It is diflleult to say any
thing In regard to the gold mania which
bus recently spread like a conflagration
iilonu; our whole const, without duinnriiifr
tlio (rcncr.d welfare liy uddiujr to tlie excite
liient. Reports the most marvelous cou
corning the discovery nnd yield of the gold
divings huve fonml their way into the pa
pers. .Some or these hnve been entirely un
uuthcnlie and most huvu heeu exnjrgirated.
Also glowing representations respecting the
exclusive advuiilujresof particular routes to
the mines ore constantly being mndo ly in
terested partiis. Every place and route
has had from the first its r.r parte ndvocat .'s,
wliuea statements so conflict with each other
that instead of enlightening the honest in
quirer ufter truth, they only tried to cou-
fuso or mislead him. The responsibility
una censure for these exaggerated and un
reliable reports must in great part full upon
speculators and steamboat companies.
They have " an axe to grind"; and many a
poor miner will be made rich in anticipation
only to discover sooner or later that he has
been duped, and fleeced out out of a hand
some competence. Therefore every natural
feeling ns will ns every dictate of duty
prompts me to lift my voice to dissuade all
who have homes and are earning a livelihood
from being hired tiw.iy to the land of gold.
a laud of very doubtful locality and ex
tent. TIw.kukIs of t!io.o who have set out
for tho mines hnve gone at least a year too
toon, and in inu.it cusls their adventures will
end in dis.ippoiutin.iit, if not in disgust.
Tie work of exploring, prospecting, estab
lishing routes, an 1 providing facilities for
lynching the gold diggings could hnve been
done bitter, by a much smaller numb; r.
lint in the eager haste of the masses to get
yie'i, few luvo stopped to consider the diili-
f ulties, dangers, or chances, nnd a rush has
been nude fur the nearest point of approach
liy witter, and foeennsa of their ignorance
of the country a 'necessity has been created
for information conf rning rouhR and the
toon beyond. ...This necessity lui3 becu
nio.it shamefully abided by misrepresenta
tion. ' And a state of tilings is found to ex
ist which is t iic occasion of deep regret to
every. friend of justice and Immunity and to
all who desire the prosperity of the country.
JSut with ull this there, are many more who
eland ready upon the first encouraging re
port to start off in quest of gold. To those
therefore who will uot lie dissuaded, but are
determined to go to the mines at nil event:;,
und to others who des're information con
cerning all the routes to the Frazcr's and
Thompson's rivers nnd Suswnp mines, 1
deem it proper to ciimuimiicatc some facts
roiicprning the route through the Snoqualu
iuic Pass that. m.:y be worth knowing.
Having recently visifrd Seattle nnd ob
tained my infonuation from men with whom
1 have long been acquainted, I feel safe in
saying that their statements are entirely re
liable. I deem it tlie'moiv important that
these facts should have publicity, because of
tiie seeming attempts of interested parties
to turn the travel upon other nnd more dif
ficult routes, by suppressing ull knowledge
of this one.." ,. : ' '
It is ycll known that the route by way
of the Dalles aud that by way of Fmzer's
Hirer and tho still unfinished trail from
tTiiateom have had their rival advocates,
and their hdvant iges ami disadvantages
havo been set forth. again aud again. It
will be remembered that the Pnoqnalainie
Tsli 'Jj'soiac twenty-five or thirty miles
orta of tii9 'aehes Pass, and the one
vkicu. Gov.' Stevt,::? has r?comuiended as
the natural route thorugh the Cascade
lmmulalus (or the JCorthcrn Pacific Rail
road. The Indians say that snow seldom
falls, so deep ia this Pass as to oltruct
travel through it k the winter season.
The following distances were given me by
two men wImj assisted in opening out the
trail from Seattle through the Tass: From
Seattle to Black River, the outlet of Dua.
wish Lale, the distance over a good wagon
rood, is 12 miles. This river k fordable for
teams and pack animal. From Rlack
River to Meridian Prairie the distance is
14 miles. .From Meridian l'rair.'c to Rat
tlesnake Prairie the distance is 18 miles.
This prairie is situated at the entrance of
tho Pa-ss, and tho distance from it to Sum
mit Trairic is 20 miles. And 15 miles
from Summit Prairie the road enters the
open country beyond the mountains. From
this point tlie Ween.ieha river is about 35
miles,' or to Fort Thompson, near the Sn
swap Luke, about 170 miles making the
whole distance from Seattle to Thompson's
River, about 250 miles. Those who hare
been over the trail from Seattle through the
Pass say there are no difficult hills to climb
and'juseend and ouly two streams to for J,
Rlack nnd Cedar river?, which arc ouly
, .dvj knee deep to a Lorse and tliat a
iiocsl yagoa road can be made with no
Other 1 ubur ibi that of cutting it out.
Tiie whole fine use of ofwuintr the trail from
Black "Rlrer to the Paw a distance of j
a'Ktut oO miicc. Mr. II. L. Ye A r informed
-A Weekly Newspaper, devoted to the Principles of Jefl'ersoiiian Democracy, and advocating
me, was only $U II), and us uu indication of
the case with which this trail can be truv-
neii, mt. lesier iiiui another person rode
In from the Pass to Seattle in less than
duy undahiilf. The country beyond the
i uss in mo direction ot Thompson's River one fifth.
is understood to be free Troiii timber ami' Double speculation upplics to ull Julior
comparatively level. Mr. W. II. Pearson, ers. The cnicrative in tiie cotton mill pays
the noted Rocky Mountain expressman, re-1 a large share of his labor, from one third to
cenlly conducted a company of nearly a' one hulf or more, to the capitalist, then on
hundred miners through from Scuttle to the other portion to the merchant. Rut the
Weenucha River, nnd left them to go on tin-1 poor laborer is Hiibieet to more than this :
der the charge oK'npt. Vantis while he
came in with a delegation of Indian chiefs
to White Sulinon.
In my opinion, persons desiring to go to
Thompson's River or to any point in the
milling country cast of the mountains, would
find it much more economical and ubout us
expeuitious to go to t.ie hound und through comes discouraged. U-t mo nk the mor
thc Snoqunluinic Puss, notwithstanding nil ulist or preacher if it is a mystery thnt the
that is said in favor of the route by the
Dalles. Miners may take their animals
from Portland to Monticelloon tho steamer
for three dollars or less, per head, and then
ride them to Olympin, Steilaeoom, nnd Se
attle, without further necessary expense.
The distance from Monticillo to Olympia
is about 75 miles; thence to Steilaeoom 25
miles; thence to Seattle 35 miles.
1). E. 0.
Or.Kcox City, Aug. 3, 1858.
For the Argui.
t'.ovi'i'uor Whltrakcr's Kpei'i'U.
His Excellency opens his inaugural by
stating " that while the people of Oregon
were preparing for a State organization,
the government of the United States was
menaced and grtally imperial by tho nets
of a s'ster Territory, while framing for itself
a constitution, preparatory to entering the
Union." He then congratulates himself
that no such lawless proceeding character
ized the conduct of the citizeus of Oregon
in their preparation for entering the sister
hood of States. The peneeable and orderly
proceedings of the Oregoniaus ho ascribes
to tho fact of their being of a b'gh order of,
Xow, there are three items in tho above
paragraph that demand atteution. 1st,
The eovcrnment of the United States was
greutly imperiled by the acts of the people
in Kansas, Ac. This is simply ridiculous
the United States Government in danger
of being overthrown by tho little wptad in
Kansas!!! ' Fudge! 2d. Oregoniaus a
higher order of citizens than the people of
Kansas ; therefore, we get along peaceably.
Now, his Excellency is either very ignorant
or considerably dishonest. If he did not
know that the muse of the Kansas difficulty
(slavery) had been excluded from this coun
try by her organic law, he is grossly igno
rant; if he did know it, then he is dizhon-
tsl in ascribing our pence to another cause.
How silly nnd ungenerous and wiean for
modem democrats to glorify themselves
over Oregon tranquillity when slavery was
prohibited in our organic act. If it had
not been admitted into Kansas, who be
lieves there would have been any trouble
there ? No one.
3d. These superior citizens elected John
Whiteaker Govunxon!!! That caps the
climax! This is proof, ineontestible, of
their superiority! If they had not been of a
very high order they never could have per
ceived his qualifications for Governor.
They must have had "optics keen to see
things, where nothing is to be seen".
What will tho people in the States (those
who were acquainted with John) think
when thev learn that he is elected Govern-
? Will they not conclude that lahnt is
scarce in Oregon ? Oiiskrver.
EroEXE City, July 2", 1858
For the Argut.
Labor doubly taxeo. The fanner taxes
his labor in two ways: he sells his grain at
prices giving a profit thereon to the mer
chant ; he buys boots and pays a profit on
them. And yet how easy the working peo
ple feel about it. Some, themselves, live
in hopes of becoming rich liy speculation;
others think that because inequalities will
exist under the best circumstances, therefore
speculation, monopoly, poverty, arc all right
many must be poor that a few may be
ridi some must be rich to enable them to
help the poor; many plod along little car
ing or thinking whether they receive fair
play or not ns their fathers went to mill
so go they ; others argue, the more lawyers,
doctors, and speculators we have, the bet
ter it is Pr the laboring man: he will have
somebody to eat his wheat and apples.
Yes, the young farmer should marry a
widow with a dozen children to End a mar
ket for his flour! Most beautiful logic!
One cent on the tlollsr we would consider
a burdensome tax to support government;
we make pretty fa at the Mormons for
paying one tenth of their increase to the
church-, some of ns pay our preachers as
much, each, as a dollar a year ud think
we do well. But in face of this we pay at
least one fflk nf our taming to tperula
fort for jtut nothing at all. "What
oa-ht a man makp, clear, on uregon fro-
OREGON CITY, OKEGOX, AUGUST 14, 1 858.
diiee" asked a trader lut winter, of one
of our Suhin merchants. "Twenty jst
cent." was the answer. That is on the trade
o. one way: certuinlv the Ltiius of btivimr nnd'of the nlmsiire of enmiblinir. For inv
selling, both considered, would overreach
he not only pays profit but t!iu liigh.'st
profits, lK-euuse' ho buys at retail. His
I (inur ! sn " lii.r .w tt,n rt,.i, ,,,.
Thus is he oppressed from all sides. No
wonder Hint- ho can afford so few of the
real comforts of lifi- tlint his children go
without cducution that he frequently Im
poverty-oppressed laborer should Ikk-oiiic not
only discouraged but actually immoral. Is
ho in a condition to entertain favorably
morals and religion, m ho scarcely knows to
day how food will bo obtained for to-morrow
1 Verily we may preach and pray, but
one of the great and first conditions to suc
cess in the case of the laborer is justice.
" Render to Ciesnr the things that are CV
sar's"; give tho luborcr the product of his
Laiior is the riTt iiE. Labor in Ore
gon notwithstanding the influence of our
gold mines, will bow to the common lnw
manifest in the cxperienco of al' old settled
countries. How is it iu England? How
is it in the large cities of our own United
States? Thousands of nieu und woiueu
working moro than nil day, and Sunday
too, fail to meet decently their necessities.
How many prostitute themselves body and
mind from drra necessity! Without pre
vention thus it will be in Oregon. In view
of this what shall we do for
Out iiiii.iiitK.v. True, nearly every one
claims to be working for his children ; the
fanner, tho mechanic, the greedy inouey-
maker, the merchant, and even the druin-sel-
ltT- 151,1 tvery blockhead ought to know
tlmt having wealth for children is no insur-
on ng-niiist poverty. A thousand times
betler would it be to givo a child a practi
cal education and leave for it good insti
Humanity don't need nhns-giving nearly
so much ns justice, a fair chance to take
enre of self. Poverty being the likely field
for operation for the larger share of the
children of the rich and many more besides,
and labor the only true remedy, it is wis
dom to secure justice to the laborer. But,
The Uxtox What has it to do with nil
this? Thus much: when by united effort
we learn to protect ourselves from the spec
ulations of trade, we will know enough to
form labor associations for the direct pro
tection of labor. The anion principle is
thus applied, I am told, in Massachusetts;
operatives owning and driving two or throe
large manufactories. Union in trade, nnd
union hi lubor, will effecluully cut off that
double speculation so long feasting upon
the energies of the laboring man. Then
the operative will get nil that his labor
makes, nnd then passing to union trade,
can buy his bread without n load of profit.
" In union there is strength."
Labor is the basis of wealth; capital
cannot compete with it properly directed;
and it should rise to be master of capital
rather than continue a servant. Injustice
to labor is one of the great errors, if not the
error of ull government. The Protective
Union goes one step toward its correction.
Affair abonl PurWersvUle.
Parkeiisvii.le, July 12, '58.
En. Annus: As it is your design to keep
your readers " posted tip" in all the inter
esting topics, both religious and political, in
which the minds of our people nre absorbed
(and I fear that the political absorption
has much the predominance), I have con
cluded to contribute my mite, hoping that
it will be as favorably received as was that
which the widow of old cast upon the altur.
I attended the Rock Creep camp-meeting
during lust Suturduy and Sunday.'. I
should have remained longer, but my busi
ness required my services ot Parkersville
this morning at eight o'clock. Of course
there was the usual apportionment of horse
racing, foot-racing, children-squalling, and
various other pleasantries incident to all
camp-meetings; and, iu addition to these,
there were two cigar shops at a short dis
tance from the camp ground, where cigars,
cawiy, nuts, pies, and various other com
modities anil " Yaukee notions" could le
obtained in any quantity by Birnply paying
the cash. There was also a boarding-house j c,HlrHfli where young ladies may enjoy ie
on the ground, where a meal could be ob-, culinr advantages in acquiring a knowledge
..;..l t 1,,, t..f m Wh fr,.nM the ' of the refinements and eh gancies of lan-
, ' ' i r r rr... .
offender was required to forfeit fifty cents. .
It may be an incredible assertion, but it is j
none the I true, that with all these, by
ome supposed to be nnisances, there was ,
better order observed on the ground this !
year than has ever been before, and thi. is j
acknowledged by all who af5?B'itd( i
J perhii a f. w individuals noted chi. fly for
their qiU'ruloiiMicss, who would find fault
with mo-ff anything rather than lie d irived
part, I thought the new urraugiiiient was
uu cxiH'lleiit one, nii'imiiiio luting ai'ke tin'
gentleman und the loafer; for while the loaf
ers und piinbli r were ainu.-iug tlicnwlves
In racing, drinking, smoking, Ac, nt the
groceries, the gentlemen and ladies could
huve some satl.-factioii in listening to the
preaching; whereas if the loafers were on
the camp ground they would be so disor
derly that the remainder of ihe congrega
tion could eiiteh but a word here ami there,
and thus neither would be in the least bene
fited by going to camp-meeting.
As great revivals are so common in the
States ut present, there will doubtless be
some of your readers who, before reading
this Tar, will come to the conelusion that I
nm going to tell obout great excitement,
wonderful zeal in the cause of religion, Ac,
but this, uliis! is not the case; were it so,
gladly would I herald it through the hind,
that, if possible, some sinner might through
the stimulus of such examples be turned to
the cniLxe of Christ. The jieople generally
appear to think thnt earthly treasure is
more desirable ut least for the present
than is the treasuro which is so liberally
promised to them by the church; in fact,
there was more said about gold and the gold
mines than uiiything else, religion included.
Just here we have cut out a dozen lines
which might give offense to the man with n
"sensual look. Such strictures being ra
ther theological in their cast, would be
more appropriate in the Advocate En.
The gold mines niv " all the rage" in this
part of the w orld. Men are going crazy
almost about the mines. Everybody is in n
passion, and nil nre going who can go; nnd
those who can't would like to go. It is
feared by some of our farmers that it will
be impossible to gather the harvest (which
is not very exuberant in these parts, there
being considerable smut in the wheat) on
account of the general rush to the mines.
I think, however, thut all or nearly all will
be saved. I hojio so; we shall need it all,
and more too. Flour will command nn ex
travagant price this winter. I notice thut
there is still a great lack of machinery in
Oregon, particularly in the way of threshers
and reapers. Wm. C. Dement A Co. niv
entitled to praise for their efforts to intro
duce them into Oregon; nnd if they will
lerscvcrc they will surely reap a rich reward
before they quit speculating in reaping ma
chines. One good renper is worth more to
nn Oregon fanner than ten buck negroes;
besides, he can own a reaping machine
without being stung bv his conscience,
which can be avoided in the other disc only
on the supposition that he who will own
tliem is not blessed with so noble a possess
ion. Perhaps you will hear from me again nt
some future time.
J. W. Meliiriji.
For the Argut.
A race enme off near Salem last Satur
day attracting considerable attention. Let
us suppose for a moment that the people of
Salem vicinity and Oregon continue pro
gress in this line for several years, and thut
looking over a moral nnd religious newspa
per corresponding to this development, we
"The Races. The exercises were open
ed with prayer by Rev. Mr. A., after
which ciime the usual bantering, betting,
swearing, maneuvering, Ac, nml finally the
priucipul racci The horse ' Jiin Tick' won.
We congratulate our friend and brother on
his success. A thousand dollars is not
picked up every day for nothing, these hard
" We were much pleased to see the little
boys on the ground. Their parents deserve
praise for their thoughtfuluess in the mat
ter. The little fellows, many of them, talk
ed in the polite language of the race-course,
and could swear us loudly ns tho men.
Evidently they are all improving. One
lnd bet against the judgment of his father,
and won a pony. That boy will make
somebody in the world mark our words
for it. Among the distinguished persons
present, with their Indie's, lending their in
ilucnce to the good cause, were Dr. 15.,
Judge C, and our brother Rev. Mr. M.
It sjK'aks well for the interest tliey leel in
the upwurd tendency of Oregon society.
God favor the races!"
Now for the advertisements:
"Sale C'olleoe. A new prof-ssorship
will be added, on the science of llorsc-ruo
ing, and the literature of the Rucc-course,
Ac, Ac. Rest methods taught of getting
the advantage in the sturt, or, as it is
sometimes technically termed, ' getting the
bulge on liiin.' "
"School for Youxo Lames. This
school is located near the Salem Race-
gnagc and manners found in the society of
.w- nowliere ete
u A j,Axn.K MrH, ( oft-ors to M k.r
haf m.t-lm (i lanJ t!lat . 01d ca,
i.at 1 Old Jim' all to flinders. Who dare
take the bet ? Come on with your chink,
H' tl chance to get your money Wk.
It is proper to remark that women have
tho nido of Truth in every Issue.
jitrl ns good a right to bet us men, It is
uousciiM) to hold thut betting is right for
nmn nml morally wrong for woman. Ho
far as morals und tiutnners nre concerned,
what is lovely iu uiuu cannot lie essentiully
otherwise in woman. Sucuriug, drunken
ness, smoking and chewing tobacco appear
worse in women because it is not common
to seo them under the control of those
Rut progress is onward if not upwurd,
and here is un
" OiiiTi'AitY. J tunes, youngest son of 0.
and Surah II., was thrown from his racer
at the Salem raees last week, and got his
neck broke. His mourning parents find
((insolation in tho knowledge that he was
prepared to meet his Maker. He w as a
worthy member of Union church."
Here is something cculiur from Dr. H.:
"To the PtiiLic I lost my gold watch
on the race last Saturday. I must have it
buck, or lose two or three more in the ef
fort. My credit is at stake; so any of our
brethren of the church, who may have u
gold wutch to risk nguiust my judgment
next Saturday, will just 'pitch, in.'
Here is nn editorial remark I omitted iu
the proper place:
"We could but notice how backward
some of tho young men were. A couple
rikcd the enormous sum of ' four bits,' nud
the one that lost seemed very much down
cast indeed. The winner seemed to feel
sorry for his friend, nml there was talk of
giving one 'bit' back. Theso boys no
doubt were from tho country, nud rather
new nt the business; but they will outgrow
till such backwardness, no fear, if they will
only continue to attend the races."
The render is left to think how such a
state of society would suit him. If betting
on horse-racing is right, such exhibition of
the principle could not be wrong. Where
is the mun who would desire such a state
of affairs ? and what is the duty of editors,
nud good citizens generally, with reference
to horse-racing and its devotees ? I pause,
nnd let each give such practical answer ns
judgment and conscience may dictate.
A Citizex of Mariox.
August 2, 1S58.
For the Argue.
Why Husk Reblnd hit Ticket i
Ei-bene City, Aug. 1, 1858.
Mu. Editor: I sec that Rush und some
of his friends nro making great efforts to
explain the circunistnnce of Rush being be
hind his ticket, in, I believe, every county
and almost every precinct in the Territory.
I believe they huvo decided that it was iu
consequence of his being a better mun thun
his fellow candidates ? that is, he had done
more for the party, and, by consequence,
more for the country iu other words, Rush
has been persecuted for righteousness' sake!
Rut what perplexes me is, why so many of
hit own parly have failed to perceive his
merits it was not his enemies that forsook
him at the polls, but his friends, that is,
political friends men who sustain his party.
Now, Mr. Editor, permit me to give my
opinion on this important question. And
I will say, in the first place, that it was uot
in consequence of nny superior merit on his
part that he fell behind the uuifurmily hi
the matter tells a tale that is not easily
There ure two classes of men connected
with Rush's own party who will not suj)
port him for nny ollice. First, those who
arc determined to maintain nt least a por
tion of their independence, and not be dri
ven into the support of men and measures
contrary to the dictates of their own belter
informed judgments. The second arc those
of a religions turn of mind, who have be
come disgusted with the vile and sneaking
infidelity constantly retailed iu the Slates
man. I do not remember ever to have ta
ken up n number of that paper in which I
did not perceive some slur on religion, some
dark insinuation against Christianity. It
seemed to be one prominent object of thut
sheet to inflict secret stabs upon the cause
of Christianity. If this was only an occa
sional occurrence we might suppose it was
an accidental circumstance; but when it is
so-uniform nud constant we are forced to
the conclusion that it originates in the fixed
and deep-seated enmity in the heart of the
editor against IKhle religion. The editor
of the Statesman seems to possess a large
share of the instincts of the buzzard. That
filthy bird sees no beauty in anything thnt
is clean he eun sail over beautiful fields
und flower-scented landscntH-s without being
in the least attracted thereby; but let him
scent the putrid cureass of a deod dog or
cat, or the decaying body of any other un
iiniil, and he at once w heels iu his course
and lights npon it here he struts and
swells himself ujion this he feasts his dis
gusting nature. So with Rush. He can
puss over all of the licuuties of Christian
ity, all the lieiievolence of pious Christians,
all the devotion and self-sucrifice of minis
ter of tlie gospel who have sjient their lives
iu heathen lands trying to elevate and im
prove the wretched inhabitants thereof, in
dead silence not a word of commendation
from Liia. Rut let some church meutWr
violate the rales of propriety, let some
scandalous story start tion Mine deacon or
elder, or some di-gracefid tale go forth on
AUVKKTIKINO It AT KM.
Ooe xpinrii (IS in or hm) une liierilm, lltfl
imt iiiMrtiiilui, 4,01
- " tlm-e luwrtiuiii, &,(K)
Kch niliNHuent Imrrlion, l,DU
tea.nLI ilcjiieliunt tu Hkm whu sdu-rtiM by
Tin rsnrRirTos or Tin ARCI'S ii turn
tu iuforin lh public thot Ii bu jiwl rn tived
Urge Icxk uf JUIJ '1 VI' Kind other urw priut
inf iiwU riul, ami will be in ihe iprrily receipt o
dililiH luiird to all the ritiirrrnrlltl of lb' k
cnliiy. IlAMMtll.lX. PtihTKItS, 1U.ANKS.
CAUIM, CIKlfl.AIW, PAMl'lll-KT-WOItK
mill oilier kiniln, dune to order, on eliort not're.
koiiio minister of the go-M-l, and he in
stantly seizes it and parudes it In his col
umn, with exaggerations and additions to
8tiit Ids depraved nature. These seem to
be his delight: scandal, filth, and defama
tion of the Christian, nnd cspeeiiilly thut of
Here let me give a specimen or two from
the Slutisnnm, vol. 8, no. 1 4 : First, a fling
nt " Rev. Dr. Cox, nud those of his order";
second, "The effect of long sermons";
third, " A repentunt dry-goods merchant";
fourth, " Charitable sister." Vol. 8, no. 16:
First, " Home without a mother"; second,
"Sniggins finds a lost note"; third, "Da
vid und Goliath"; fourth, " A minister
hung." Now, this minister, ns ho calls
him, says it had been fifteen yiai t since ho
fell (from his position as a minister), and
yet Rush heads the article " A minister
liiing." Was it true that he was a minis
ter when ho was hung? Xo, nor had ho
been for fifteen years. Bush nmy excuse
himself by saying thut he copied the articlo
as he found it in other papers but I say he
hud no right to circulutc a falsehood; but
this shows t he buzzard. I uot ice this same
case in other papers, beaded " An M-minis-tcr
hung"; the Stiitcsinun leaves off the 'ex.'
Now, suppose Rclazon Smith should bo
hung ; would it be true to sny a " minister"
was hung in that case ? Whut say you,
After ull Hush's thrusts ut Christianity
and slander of the ministry, there nre ,
church members und ministers who take his
paper nnd support him. I do not suy they
are Christians lint they have the minie.
I rejoice, however, that there nre so many
or the Democratic party who when they .
come to vote throw Hush's name off their
ticket, und many others who voted for him
did it reluctantly. Nothing but party drill
saved him. Hush is a source of deep uior-'
tilieution to many of his own party with
the udviiutugcs he has had (being ut tho
helm of their organ) lie ought to have led .
his ticket, instead of hanging on ut tho
tSg The following statement by Dr.
Livingstone, the traveler in Africa, makes '
a sad void in our poetical knowledge If
there was anything that we did huvo faith '
in it was tho
Majestic Roab ok the Liojj. "Tho .
silly ostrich makes a noise as !'"td (ns the
roar of tho lion) yet he never was feared :
by num. To talk of the mujestio rour of
the lion is mere majestic twaddle. Iu my
mentioning this fact some years ago tho
assertion was doubted, so I have been care-
fill ever since to enquire the opinions of tho
Eiiropcnus who have heard both, if they
could detect any difference between tho ,
roar of a lion nnd that of un ostrich; tho ;
invariable answer wus that they could not
when the animal was ut tiny distance.- '
The natives ussert that they can detect a
variation between the commencement of
the uoiso of each."
KnrK or Tim Gkkat Illinois Tornado. Tho
Peoria Transcript of tho Will tells toiitfli yarn i
At Kl l'nno itlilew somo Iiouhos to spliolers, mid
yet tirnke nut ono pano of glum in llis windows it
c.irried some distance. At KupW, two luilies wero
blown nwiiy nnd have not sinue becu hoard from
they prnbiilily wore lumps. At Chenoa it demol
ished a house completely, and yet left a buok-csso
that was in it without a svrntch or a broken pane of
glass. It curried a largo mirror sinty foot and laid
it down unbroken. The most wonderful feut of
a!l, however, occurred at Chenoa. A frame houso
was blown at two jumps not loss than two hundred
feet from whero it slood, and set dowu so easily
thut tho pliiHtcrinjf was not cracked or the dishea
knocked oll'lhe lublo which was act for eupper.
A similar occurrence took place ut Oilman, where
a kitchen was blown from tiie side of a house into a
slough, wilhout a plute being broken, and when
mir informant left, tho inmates were joiirncyinp;
hack nnd forth on a raft, to get the couk 1145 utemils
Startlixo ma Wbak Nkrves.I lushes, of In
diana, sent a chullenKe to ll.irris, of Illinois, for
words spoken in debate. The correspondent of
tho .New Y oik Tout says that Harris, who, being
Ihe challenged parly, had choice of weapons,
chobe musknts, to be loaded with buck shot, and
tho iliaUiuce ten paeei. A might be excted,
the mntlcr was soon settled by mutual friends.
Mr. 1 1 ughia withdrew Ills challenge, then with
drew the Uiiiguiige used by him towards Harris
which caused Harris to charge Hughes with a
falsehood, then Ilurris withdrew hie charge of
fulsi hood against Hughes. Verily, a muak't load
ed with buckshot, at leu puces, is a powerful pau
ificalor. An Inciuknt. A corresionilent of the N. Y
Tribune, writing from Beaufort, South Carolina,
relates the following :
" On tho plantation where lama temporary
resident, we have a weekly Sabbath School for
the blacks j daily evening prayers in Ihe cabin of
one of them, who is a deacon and a model of
Christian p ety t a Thursday evening prayer meet
ing, more generul in its character, and often, when
there is ministerial company in Uie house, on Sat
urday or Sunday evening short familiar lecture
at our vrayer-houee, at which some, if not all, the
white fuinily are present.
" On one occasion of this kind, about a year
since, a little girl, a child of eleven years, whs)
was with us cn a visit, accompnn'ed the mistress
of the mansion to the prayer-houie, leaving the
drawing-room full of company; and there, on her
bended knees, among thoae euslaved Africans, her
heart received the message God's minister address
ed to them, and she lileuily, though tearfully, gave
herself to tho Ird, in a covenant never, as we
trust, to be broken.''
Verdict aoainst Hot Bisccit. Dr. Bunting,
who has been experimenting with Alexia St .Mar
tin, the l-'renchman with a window in hie stomach,
through which can bo seen all the processes of di
gestion, declare that hot bread never digests at
alb It is tumbled about for soma time, till it be
gins to ferment, when it ia foretd out with lis
other useless debris. It never digests, and is swrer
assimilated by the rgsns of nutritim. only
efl'ect ia to produce dj-P ! , n" Vr ua
ting's testimony M demonstrated by repeated e.
penmenta npon lie tomecn of St Mania,
S3 : ,