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About The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863 | View This Issue
l)e rcgoti Strgus.
W. b. ADAM, SUITOS AND rorIZTOR.
pnnaou CITY I
SATURDAY, AUGUST 7, 1858.
Ilottf las lleheae4 l lUtnoU rare h
Uoaal Bemoeraeylt later prctel.
We find in the Missouri Republican of
June 20th an account of ilia " National
Democratio" convention in Springfield, Il
linois, held June Oih. Tbe previous Stale
convention was largely Douglas in ill ro
clivities, and the proceedings not harmonis
ing with the views of the Administration, a
few office-holders, in obedience to instruc
tions from Washington, bolted the " regu
lar" State convention, and got op a call lor
o convention to be held June 1), and to be
composed of siiuon pure "Nationals," or
Administration democrats. Whether this
party East is designed merely a branch
ot tbe national democracy in Oregon or
not, wo are not ablo to toll; but, if it is, it
is certainly looking to a reunion of the two
factions, as it has most certainly got on the
Salem platform and advocates the same
kind of democracy thnt is taught by the
Salem clique. The extracts we shall make
from speeches made at this convention are
taken from the Missouri Republican, a ra
bid Administration paper, which applauds
the convention as entirely " aound and re
We quote from tbe reported proceedings
"Mr. Bonnoy, of Teoria, was then
called out for a speech. lie took the plat
form, and after an exordium, somewhat
rhetorically ornate, he announced thai he
should discuss the questions: " What con
stitutes a Democrat," and " What consti
tutes treason. In answering these ques
tions, Mr. rtonney said that a good Demo
crat must abide by the platform of the par
ty, and also swear allegiance to those who,
.tor tbe time bum?, are tbe tribunals to ex
pound Deraoorntio law; and that tribunal,
he said, was the Democratic majority in
Congress. There can be no talk about
compromises. Adherence to the plutforin,
and obedience to the constituted nuthori
ties, are the tests."
Some of the democrats in this district
thought we misrepresented the party when
wo stated that by the declaration "the
'majority rale" democrats didn't mean
majority of the people, but a majority of a
caucus, clique, or convention. We showed
them that tho reason why all democrats in
Kansas and elsewhere were required to aid
.in forcing the Lecompton swindlo upon the
'people was, that a mnjoriiy of the demo
crats of Congress had decided in caucus to
support it, consequently all democrats must
submit to it as a democratic test, notwith
standing it trampled on the rights and
scoffed at the wishes of an overwhelming
mnjoriiy of the people of Kansas. Wo
proved it by an article in the Times which
staled that Lecompton was a party meas
ure because a majority of democrats in
Congress bad agreed to adopt it. Accord
ing to this Bonney, the man who, like Dou
glas, looks to the masses for majorities, is a
But we again quote from the report :
" Mr. Ronney then passed to consider in
a rapid manner, tho history of the Demo
cratic party, (or the past twenly years, and
of the fundamental principles that have
controlled them. lie announced that the
doctrine of expediency was a fundamental
one with the Democracy that thry took
things as I bey round them, and legislated
according to the existing state of facts,
spending little time in wrangling about
abstract questions of right and wrong ;
what on the whole is Ihe best thing for the
whole conntry, not what abstractly cotmid
red is right or what is wrong."
There is democracy for you, and clique
democracy at that. A democrat mustn't
atop to reason as to the " right or wrong"
of a proposed measure, but must " lake
things as he finds thorn," that is, he must
stifle his conscience, if he has any, and
meekly open his mouth and " take" the pill
" as he finds it" prepared by the leaders,
asking no questions, but to be satisfied that
it harmonizes with the "doctrine of expe
diency" (will it pay), which is not only a
"fundamental one wilh tho democracy,"
but with pirates and outlaws generally.
But let us quote further from this speech :
"Mr. Bonney in the course of his re
marks, said thnt ours was a government
oflaw and order, not of popular clamor,
and so far as I understood his decimal ions,
lie repudiated the commonly received doc
trine that tho people rule, and that their
opinions and will are law."
Ihe old democratic doctrine that the
ficoplo rule is sneered at, and a government
by the people is stigmatized as one of "pop
ular darner," while such rule as forced the
Missouri Legislature upon Kansas and en
deavered to force Locotnpton on the peo
ple, is catled a " government of law and
order." This " law and nfder" idea is not
original with Bonney and the Springfield
convention, as (he border ruftims of Kansas
Jiad long since styled their marauding ban
dits as " law and rder" parties. The Sa
lemites in Otvgaa were also ahead of them
in repudiating and sneering at the doctrine
that the people are sovereign.
Let us quote again :
" Mr. Bonney then took a wider range,
and dwelt consecutively upoa the topics of
rotation in office, w hich he regarded as
heresy, unless it meant to rotate the best
and most competent men into office that
could be found, aod let them stay there."
By the "best and most competent men"
of course we are to anderstand the most
bumble tools of the party who will do most
to advance its interests. The bold avowal
that a few party whippen-in ought to be
put in effice and left to "stay there," is but
M gradual and careful approach toward tbe j
hereditary despotisms of tho Old World,
toward which tho democratic party is fast
The three great points made by this Ad
ministration orator aro :
1st. A majority of democrats in Con.
greu is the constituted democratic authori
ty, obedience to which is Ihe democratic
2d. Tht doctrine of expediency, or u will
it pay?" it a fundamental one in the dcm.
ocratie creed, and democrats art not to in
quire into the right or wrong of any policy
ictlled upon by their matters.
3d. Popular rule being a government of
"popular clamor," it'to be repudiated and
scoffed at at unsound democracy.
4 th. The soundest democrat ought to be
put in office and kept thcrtfor life.
These are the five horns of the beast as
developed by Bonney, and as much as they
may shock every man who has any patri
otism or self respect they present a fair and
full exhibit of the fundamental principles of
the party that is now cursing the govern
ment. , No excuse can be offered for Bon
ney's speech by supposing that it was a
spontaneous ebullition of feeling instiga
ted by the excitement of tho convention
and strychnine whisky, like Judge Wil
liams's speech at tho Jubilee supper, fur
the reporter snys of it,
" I have barely indicated some of the points
of Mr. Bunuey's speech, omitting alto
gether to mention others. It was a care
fully prepared address, written and mem
orized, delivered with much fluency and
earnestness, and marked by many good
poinis which called forth the applause of
All tbe speakers spoke in bitter terms sf
Dsuglaa as an apostate, traitor, disorgan
ize r, dec-, die.
We give a sample in the speech of Car
penter, an old " war horse" in the demo
cratio army :
" Ilia position, like that of his predeces
sors on the floor in the Convention, was
one disdaining compromise or proposed
peace with those whom he characterized
as bolters from the Democratic party who
had sloughed otiirom it because they had
noaffiniiy with it, no sympathy for it, and
whose chief characteristic now was a style
of villification and indecent blackguardism
of the National Democracy of Illinois,
which Black Republicans did not pretend
to rival, and had not yet equalled by their
most ambitious efforts.
" Col. Carpentor, after this severe de
nunciation of Mr. Douglas, which was re
ceived by the Convention with many to
kens of favor, proceeded to nn analysis of
the inconsistency of Mr. Douglas upon the
Kansas question. IIo then drew a picture
of the character of the Illinois Senator, and
presented him to the Convention aa the
boon companion and fellow-councillor with
Seward, Greeley and Weed caucusing
wilh them, and abjuring Democratic cau
cuses for many long months eulogized
and sustained by Republican papers, and
by his factious course nearly overwhelm
ing the National Administration with de
feat, and now menacing the Democratio
party of Illinois wilh a triumph of the Re
publican party, if he cannot succeed in
crowning his treason with renewed Sena
Now isn't it a little strange that democ
racy' is so different in different latitudes!
or rather that democrats are not willing to
own up to the beauties of their creed only
in certain localities! Why is it that the
harda in Orogon hold to the same doctrines
with the "nationals" in Illinois, and that
the 'nationals' here are afraid lo ssy a word
In favor of Douglas for fear they be read
out of tho national party East ? We are,
however, satisfied that some of the national
democracy here, such as Leland and Dryer,
who were once old line Whigs, have both
some faint respect for popular rights, and
do not approve of Ihe " coarse" taken by
the "nationals" East; but wither they
will risk excommunication by intimating
it hereafter we ahull probably see. Our
own opinion is that in principle there is lit
tle difference between the leaders of both
wings of the democracy in Oregon, and tbe
sooner they call a convention in some In
dian sweat-house and make a fusion, the
fctr J. W. Johnson, Esq., who is mak
ing a tour through the valley, will present
bills to such of our subscribers as he may
see who are in arrears. This is the first
time in over three years thai we have sent
out bill.", and we should not probably have
done so yet if our circumstances did not
compel us to. We are owing money
which must bo paid. We must have $1,
500 iu by some means in a few months. If
all our bills are paid promptly, we fail
to get our dues, ns we have to pay a trav
eling agent for collecting. -
05" The " hards" were quite disappoint,
ed by the news brought by the last steamer
that Oregon wasn't admitted into theUnion.
They Lad bought a large quantity of pow
der, and, we are informed, had kept a pris
oner in the jail making cartridges for a
day or two. They will have to keep their
powder dry till next full. Their cannon is
a " hard" article, and was bought by dem
ocratic money. Those who got a glance at
the subscription paper that was
around, say it ran about as follows
" we the underlined prommis to pay the
sums annxed to our names to by the Brass
canon on the seenyirety for the youse of
ihe dimmocrisy in origen sitty."
We have quite a lot of correspond
ence laid over for next week, when we shall
be nbssnt, and our contributors shall have
most of our space.
(W Packers are still passing through
here occasionally for ihe mines, but the
stream has sensibly diminished ef late.
The Oreiaa Veratr.
We have received the first (August)
number of the Oregon Farmer, published
at Prtland by W. B. Taywi k Co. The
paper is quite neat in typographical execu
tion, and contains nearly sixteen pages of
reading matter such as will not fuil to In
terest and instruct its readers. It has
quite a full complement of communica.
lions from practical farmers, among which
wo notice an interesting one on
from T. T. Eyre, of Marion county. From
this we loarn that at present there are 338
swarms in Oregon, all of which are doing
well, and owned as follows :
Mr. Stevens, St. Ilolons, 0 ; Bozart, do.,
13; I lay den, Vancouver, 2; Marquam,
Portland, 30; Meek ii Eddy, Milwaukie,
25 ; Lenox, Wash. Co., 0 ; Eborts, do., 4
Cason, Clackamas, 3 ; ilunsaker, O. City,
3; Brown, French Praiiio, 17; Savago,
Sulem Prairie, 5; Gilbert, do., 45 ; Eyre,
do., 43; Warren, Salem, 3 ; Ilolman,do.,
7: Robbins, do., 4 : Harvey, Polk Co., 8 ;
Allen ds Buck, 0; Cox, Salem, 10;
Knowlcs & Buck, Wash Co., 52 ; Coolege,
Silverton, 2, (not 60, as reported); Buck,
Wash. Co.. 14 : Templeton, Linn Co., 8 :
Kinney, do, 3 ; Wood, Polk Co., 8 ; Strong,
0; Sbrum, 1 ; total, 338,
We aUo learn from Mr. Eyre's article
that whito clover is being extensively sown
to kill out Ihe sorrel. Will it do that?
Let us have an article on tho best method
of dest roy ing it. The publie doesn't seem
to relish the Advocate's method of "brin
ing it." It's most too costly.
Seth Luolling, of Milwaukie, the noted
nurseryman and orchardist, has a short nr-J
tide on the
" CHILL BLIGHT," ,
so common to apple-trees, and thinks it Is
caused by the "dry summers and early fall
rains." No remedy is suggested.
We also.notice an anonymous eommuni
from which we clip the following :
" A live fence is in all respects the best
that is known, and let farmers be as prompt
in planting and setting their hedges, aru)
then take any where near tbe proper
care of them, and in a very few years we
shall see the unsightly and unsate rail-fence
disappear aud the beautiful and trusty
hedge take its place.
Now as to a rail fence being " unsightly,'
that is a mere matter of taste. We con
sider a good staked and ridered rail fence
to be about as "good looking" around a
farm as any other, and if built as it ought te
be it is safe enough for most any purpose.
As long as a farm can be fenced at a light
cost, as all farms can that aro handy to
timber, and that with fir rails which will
be as good as new a hundred years hence,
thero will be little inducement for farmers
to go into the hedging business unless in
some prairie localities remote from timber.
A " live fence" would probably be desira
bio and add much to tbe beauty of such a
D. J. Schnebly, Esq., of " Rosedalc,"
has a communication on
The varieties ef apple trees thought best
suited to this climate are enumerated, and
the writer then enters upon the subject of
tbe terrible blight so common to peach trees
in this country. No remedy being known,
he gives over in despair. Not loo fast,
friend S. ; wo believe a remedy exists, and
wo hope our experimental farmers will per
severe till they discover it. We can't
give up the peach 60.
In speaking of the cause of the loss of
fruit trees in some orchards, the writer
"Most of ihe kinds of Apples have
strong tendency to early fruiting : this fact,
added to the disposition on the part of many,
to cultivate and manure too highly, is one
gr(;?t causo of early decline in fruit trees.
It produCJ over luxuriance of growth,
which renders iS wood too brash and ten
der to stand the winter" weather."
Now we don't want !o get inld an argu
mentwith friend S., but we will very mod
cstly suggest that ten trees are killed for
the want of cultivation while one is ruined
from a " disposition to cultivate and manure
too higlily." To be sure, an orchard that
is pushed in this way is more likely to
lose now and then a tree, but those thai
live over are worth far more than the poor
stinted things that barely throw up sap
enough to put out leaves, such as we often
see in orchards overgrown with weeds and
fern, where the owner has little 11 disposi
tion to manure or cultivate highly." We
have tried both ways and we believe in
serving an orchard as we do everything
else that our hands find to do put it
We always did love to read an agricul
tural paper, and when we see a farmer
who is properly imbued with the dignity and
importance of his calling, a farmer who
prides himself in making his farm shine,
in raising good stock, in adorning his gar
den and outgrounds, in providing conven
ient buildings for his wife, in educating
his children, and in supporting such papers
as the Argus and Farmer; we say when
we see such a farmer, we always imagine
we stand in the presence of one of nature's
noblemen. May the Farmer long find its
way lo the domicil of many such farmers,
for they always pay the printer.
(r Czapkay's last issue has a letter da
ted Washington City, with several editorial
squibs, all written by the tame pen, in
which it is more than iutimated that Jo
Lane has kept Oregon out of the Union on
purpose lo pocket about f 17,000 mileage
as Delegate and Senator.
DOT Flour is retailing ia this city for
114 per bbl. 7
tW We have received the first and fifth
numbers of "Tho Pacific Journal,'' new
paper published at Eugene City. The me
chanism it quite good. Like President
Mahan's preaching, It meddles with "nei
ther religion or politics," but is devoted
almost exclusively lo republishing dippings
from other papers, similar to what we often
publish od the oulsido of the Argus wilh
an occasional "hymn" in imitation of
Rouse's version of ihe Psalms, and set to
the tune of " Old Hundred." Such a pa
per. If it fails to please the public, we are
quite sure will offend nobody, as long as it
is entiroly " neutral", on all tbe great ques
tions that agitate the publie mind In this
age of moral conflict with deviiism in ev
ery conceivable shape. The publishers
seem to thiuk ihut there is an opening lor
just such a paper, as all the other papers
are too political or too sectarian. Ihe
Journal has not boon in existence long
enough to show the inclinations ef the ed
iloriul corps upon the great questions of the
day, moral and political, which are sure to
"slick out," sooner or later, in every paper
of that character, provided the editors are
The modern Tityrus, who, tub kymint
abittit, can fill up the measure of his tool
by reclining upon the banks of ihe Wil
lamctte and tuning his reed to such themes
as enwrapped the soul of Tom Moore upon
the banks of the Schuylkill, may be a very
amiable poet and senile lover, without
possessing the qualifications for a success
ful Oregon editor.
The Journal, however, so long as it eon,
fines itself to its introductory programme.
will do good, at no paper containing proper
food for the mind can be circulated in a
community without producing its legitl
mate effect ia the way of elevating and
refining public sentiment,
We wish Rogers, Seavey, and Wilson,
publishers, and J. II. Rogers, editor, of the
Tacifio Journal, success, and hope they
have extra loose change on hand sufficient
to enable them to keep ihe head of their
enterprise above water longer than " Mat
toon's medium of denominational corres
pondence" was kept from strangling;
(Hr Tho Journal says that a party of
four or five drunken rowdies lately made
an assault upon the drug store of Danforth
Si Bre. at Eugene City, and did considers
ble damage to the building by means of
clubs and stones. No cause assigned cx
cepting the strychnine whisky which stirred
up the latent devil in the composition
ft During the four preceding issues
of the Times we have been absent from
our post, and a visitor to the 7aA of the
red men on the Ceast Reservation. We
have something to say of the visit. Times.
Some incidents of the visit you " have
not something to say of." Eh I States
man, Tbe " ruling passion strong in death" is
an old saying. Bush has used the Times,
and the Ethiopian who edits that paper,
long enough. He now desires to cast him
and it ofTas a worthless encumbrance, unfit
for further use. Oregonian.
Oh, no that's not his object. He only
alludes to the fact of the " Ethiopian" hav
ing "conferred with flesh and blood" while
on the Reservation just as all leading
democrats. do, hard as well as "national"
(especially new converts).
03" The Occidental Messenger gathered
up its foot and breathed its last July 31.
Its demise will be heard of with regret by
now and then a pro-slavery man who took
it from a negro-worshiping prompting
to " support the paper," allthough he may
have paid nothing for it. We know some
of its woolly patrons in this section who
voted for slavery and took the Messenger
merely to " advance tho good cause," who
yet owe (and always will) their sub
e would as soon (Link of presenting a
bill for collection to a " runaway nigger"
; as he popped his head above water on the
i Ohio shore, after swimming the river on a
! dark night, as to thiuk of trying to collect the
! bills of the Messenger upon two thirds of
I its negro-worshiping delinquents for nig
gerism won't pay. It's generally too
I poor to.
OCT Czapkay's organ has at lost taken it
in hand to assure us that the "delay in is
suing patents" is not chargeable upon the
present officials as upon Gardner and Pres
ton, but upon the Department at Washing
ton. It is admitted that a "great major
ity of claimants in Oregon have become
entitled to their patents from three to six
years ago." Now there might be some
plausible excuse for this delay were it not
for the fact that these same claimants, a
majority of them we presume, many of
them we know, were entitled to their "cer
tificates" years ago and will probably be
entitled to them till we have a Republican
Administration at Washington that will
cleanse the Augean stables here and else
where, and devote a little time to the inter
ests of the people, instead of keeping bas
tard Senators In their seats, perpetrating
and enforcing frauds in Kansas, engineer
ing Fort Snelling swindles, lashing employ
ees of the Government up to the polls, and
concocting schemes for plundering the
U. S. Treasury of thirty-five millions per
Is the delay in issuing certificates
chargeable to Col. Gardner! or are they
merely delayed te " save the Union" f
05 There is no news from the mines
this week worth publishing.
The grasshopper plague has reached
Iowa at well as Texas. Their ravages in
some teclions are described at terrible.
All through the Western Stales, what Ihe
hurricanes and grasshoppers have IcA, the
floods teem lo be taking. We expect lo
hear of the people laving their tccih shak.
en out by the ague this full, and iheir noses
frozen off by the frosts of next winter.
We have been looking for such plagues tor
some lime, and another Administration
such as Ilorce's and Buchanan's, and wa
shall begin to look up for fire and brim-
Latavette, July 31, 1859.
En. or A aaus It is ihoimht by the
hards here that tho rraton Oregon wasn't
admitted and the war debt not paid, was
that tho Lafayette PostmaMer detained
Czapkay's organ mailed to Jo Lane till it
was loo late lor ins steamer ui iuno sum.
If that was the reason, Ihe Lafayette Post
master has an awful responsibility resting
on bit shoulders. Will you inform tho
"hards" whether there is any truth in the
report I r at.
It must have been owing lo that or the
dutenlion of tbe package mailod to Long
Tom, or to Col. Gardncr'a "delay in issuing
patents." The democracy" here did no
bly in voting the whole hard ticket with
their eyes shut, to "save the Union," gel
Oregon admitted, and the war debt paid,
" when we got a democratio Congress"
as Jo Lane and Dulazon told them they
must, and these dreadful "failures" are of
course chargeable to the default of some
sucn unreliable officials as the Lafayette
postmaster or Col. Gardner,
Rev. Neill Johnson, of French Prairie,
has caused a great flutter among our little
ones by a contribution of a keg of apples,
consisting of tbe July Dough, Sweet June,
Sops of Wiue, Summer Sweet Paradise,
Early Pinnock, Red June, Summer Pear
main, Red Astracan, and Early Harvest,
with a lot of larze Siberian Crabs. Mr,
Johnson has a fine orchard and a very ox
tensive nursery, comprising the best va
rieties of fruit. The tamples sent us are
all genuine, and aro very acceptablo
" May the Lord reward him according lo his
Hoi 1 an.d & Day have opened a new store
in this city, and have, like sensible men,
advertised their goods. That looks as
though they are petmanently located, and
mean to deal on such term as will justify
public confidence and patronage.
LATE VROM UTAH.
THE MORMONS RETURNING I
By the overland route the San Francisco
Bulktin bus the latent news from Suit
At Salt Lake all is pence and harmony.
Gen. Johnston has marched into Salt Lake
City, and was camped near by. Ho in,
tended to establish bis camp and head,
quarters at Cedar Valley, which was 60
miles Irons the city. 1 bo rcace uommis
sioners had succeeded in effecting a treaty
satisfactory to all parlies. The Commis
sioners left on July 3d, for home.
President Young had returned with his
family to the city. All tho Mormons were
returning. Mr. Clift says I hey are return
intr in hundreds, both niuht and day. Gov
Cummins was exercising hie functions o
office, and the best of feeling seemed to be
fell on all sides
Judge Eckles was making arrangement
to organize his Court.
The officers and soldiers there number
about 3,000 men, were all well and in ex
cellent spirits. MoG raw's Volunteers,
numbering 400 men, would be marched
back and discharged.
The Indians are very troublesome about
Salt Lake, having already killed several of
the Mormons. One family had been mas
sacred as they were moving South ; among
their numocr were two women. Dr. For
nev, the Indian Agent, was out among the
llihis rr,r.!:!hir f MStics. and so far. had keen
successful, the Inoians promising" peace
and obedience hereafter, and admitting
that their teachings had been bad fur some
There is a plenty of provisions in the
territory. The crops look fine adt war
rant abundance. Improvements have al
ready commenced in all directions.
Gen. Harney was daily expected in Salt
Lake ; orders had been sent to his com
mand to halt, as all further difficulties are
supposed to be at an end.
Gen. Johnston expects to give up li is
command on the arrival of Gen. Harney,
and return east.
Gov. Cumming had issued a proclama
tion to the saints throughout the Territo
ry, and had visited their settlements in per
son, and ex-Governor Young had accom
panied him back to the city. The most
friendly relatione existed between them.
Washington, June 19, 185S.
The Postmaster General has completed
a contraot to-day for the conveyance of a
weekly mail to California from St. Joseph,
Missouri, by way of Salt Lake City, with a
branch contemplated to Oregon and Wash
ington Territories, the contract for which
will soon be made.
Tbe eeveral contracts made this session
by the Postmaster General for overland
routes will in a short time do more to open
the interior of the continent, hold in check
Indian tribes, and facilitate emigration,
than all the acts ef Congress or the oper
ations of the army.
Tbe contracts for mail service across
the continent now completed are, from St
Joseph by Salt Lake, from North-western
Missouri by Albuquerque, from Memphis
by El Paso, and from New Orleans by In
dianola, Texas, and El Paso, thus opening
the entire continent North and South.
Fees Labor in Texas. The New Or
leans Bee of a late date thus speaks of tbe
rapidly growing strength of free labor in
Texas : We have recently conversed with
aa intelligent and observant gentleman,
who has spent many yean in .Texas, and
has traveled all over the northern and wee.
tern portions of that Stale. He informs
us that throughout those sections nf (he
country the immlg ration it nearly tatlrtly
ucii.tu mm! imvigurra, ot Wliurn SSVtB
eights are Germans. ExevMent agrieuha.
rists, hardy and patient lifters of the soil
sober, temperate, Industrious, peaceful'
and obedient to law, this population, ia
many respects, cannot be surpassed, but
they are, from birlh, breeding, and habit.
of thought, invincibly hostile to slave Is.
bor. ro one in a thousund owns a negro
and thoro are whole tiera of counties in ear.'
tain psrls of Texas which cast, in Ihe eg.
grrgate, many thousands of voles, where
one may travel many a day and scarcely
see a black skin, or besr the accents of ike
r.nglith tongue. Uur Informant stales, ts
the result of personal inquiry and observa.
tion, that if no marked change should oc
cur, before ten yesrt ellipse Texas will be
divided into four States one slaveboldino!
and tho other three free. .
The Naval bill, at it passed both (louses'.
provides fur the construction of seven
steam sloops of-war, and a small aid.
wheel war steamer for the Chinese seas.
OrTho late session of Congress was
remnikublo for fuwerscenet of disorder la
its closing hoars than any of Us predeces
sors. (kT The assessed value of taxable Tana's-
in Mississippi in 1857, was $141,740,420,
being an increase since 1864 of $50,126,
275. The number of taxable slaves asses
sed in the same year was 308,182, or 18,.
450 mere than in 1850. , At $000 apiece,
this would make tbe stave population of
the State worth the immense sum of $220,
002,200, or more than all the landed prop,
Singulab Remkdy fob. Fits. William
M. Cornell, M. D., of Boston, gives the
following directions for warding off fits:
'' Stretching the muscles powerfully will
generally prevent an attack ; for example,
when tho aura commences it the great loer
or in the leg, strong traetion, or elongating
the too or stretching the muscles ot the
leg, will carry the patient over the tnreil.
ening attack for the lime; or, when the
patient has premonitory symptoms of an
attack, opening the jaws as widely as ean
be done, and placing some hard substance
between the teeth, to keep the mouth eptaP
will have the kered i fleet. 1 have had
one patient who, by my advice, carried a.
piece of iron with him for a year, fitted for
the purpose of expanding the jaws lo
their utmost capacity, and keeping ikes
thus expanded. When he has fell what
he calls tbe "Utile spasms,"" which aav
usually been the precursors of the great
ones, or the "fita," be has immediately
drawn from his poIWl the iron wedgf,
opened I. is mouth to its utmost width, and)
placed tho wedge between his teeth. He
then becomes quiet, poes about his Dusti
ness, or gives himself no further trouble
about the convulsions, aod has none." . ;
S3T A lover is one who lives on sentf
menl and moonlight, who dislikes advice
and sail poik, and1 supposes that all that'
required to convert this world into pars
de, is a' six-keyed flute aud a pair ot
Q4r Although the term guinea is still is
familiar use in England, the actual coin
is selsW seen, and is so much wore that
it can only be taken by weight.
WE EXPECT by next mail ateamcr squsa
tity of the American Baptist PubtieaUoa
Society's Books, coimisling of Fuller's Works.
Bunyan's do., The ftalmiat, pocket, pew, and pul
pit sizes, and a variety of other works.
We will stute that wo intend to keep a com
pleto amurtment of the Society's hooka, Order
for ingle books, or by ihe quantity, will be
promptly filled. Churches and libraries furnished;
at the lowest price.
E. L. BRADLEY fc ce.
Oregon City, Aug. 7, 1858.
A FINE assortment, iut received by
E. L BRADLEY & co.
. A. & ADA M. WSSBi :
OFFER their profreiional services lo the citi
zens of SALEM and vicinily.
They will practice the Hygeo-Medical (better
known as 'Hydropathic) ayetem, believing all
druge to be not only unnecessary in the sueeeerfU
i;atment of diseases, but injurious to the eoaetH
tution of !ho patient, and relying entirely upon!
Special attention will be given to Ossrsriief,
and those diseases peculiar to women and childrea,
by Mrs. Wesd. Patients at a diatance treated
upon reasonable terms.
References Drs. R. T. Trail and O. W.
May, of New York city J Dr. G. M. Bourne, r
Office-Citv Book Store, Saltm, wig.
August 7, 1S58.
GOLD MINES AT HC"EI
HOLLAND & DAY '
HAVE juat opened a new and splendid aosrt
meat of GOODS
At the Old Stand of F. S. tf A. Hollands
opposite Geo. Aberaethy's brick stow, wbTUy
can be found at all times rfiuy to wait oa
ere. They are now permanently lecsM.
hope by strict altentioa te basiness to merli
tai share of patronage. . .
Their stock in part consists of UMtoOow
licles: Ginghams, lawns, delaiiei,nBtsrMW,
flannels, alpacas, bleached domestic, wool PJJJTj
damask silk drwi goods, hosiery, w.blW,"7;
cheek do., hickory do., over under do.,
shoes of all kinds & sizes, shawls, &
satinets, blk, brown & white linen thread, Mr
nool cotton, ribbons, artificial flowers,
itlso, East Boston syrup, California refinr
op,suganiof all kinds, tobacco, coffee, "?
salt, candles, and a thousand other things, wtm
mcrous to mention, all of which they wis
low as any other house iu Oregon City. ..
They will pay cash or goods for all IDT'
dnce,such as butter.eggs, chickens, or V""Vi'
thing the farmers have to aeO. There -
like trying. So give pAT:
Oregon City, Aug. 7, 1858.
Yamhill Farm tor Salt).
beautiful faro? "
acres ia YarohiU county "
or sale- "- s
Good ba Wings on me P"-" J njiua' W
tie land ander
. . j.i:k(r.J iaiuafs m
all to one ot . rMll
or the Argu?,
k .KU ta trire all
July 31, 1838-16