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About The Polk County post. (Independence, Or.) 1918-19?? | View Entire Issue (April 2, 1920)
TIME FOR AMERICAN FARMERS TO REAP
BENEFIT OF HIGH PRICES FOR CLOVER
Horiiculiurdl Style Show at
DO YOU DREAM OF CATST
H IL E dogs are regarded with favor
by the mystics as dreamland pets,
cats are looked upon askance. The
chief trouble with them seems to be
their occult relutlon to slander and
gossip; which Is probably why you
call that gossiping neighbor o f yours
an “ old cat." Some people whom you
regard as your friends are talking
about you when you dream o f cats. I f
the cat appears gentle or sleeping, so
much the worse. But don’t be alarm ed;
to be gossiped about is the common lot.
Just drive the dreameat away and all
w ill be well. I f the animal makes off
In response to your energetic “ S cat!”
you w ill triumph over many obstacles.
But choose your confidants carefully
when you see dreamcats. It Is not a
good sign to have the cat attack you,
for It means that the obstacles you
w ill have to overcome w ill be great.
Dreamcats also, strangely enough,
seem to have a connection with rob
bers. I f you beat or kill a cat In your
dreams you are going to catch a thief,
and If It Is a cat you never saw before
you w ill recover all he mny have
stolen from you. These are only gen
eral rules; the mystics are not agree
ing at all with regard to the details of
Havelock Ellis, In his book “ The
W orld o f Dreams,” gives an amusing
example o f a cat dream by a poet
friend o f his. The poet dreamed o f a
cat and the dream consciousness, fo r
some reason, suggested the word “ tip-
cat.” The faculty o f verbal associa
tion got to work and produced the fo l
Harvesting Red Clover for Seed— Present Indications Are That Clover
Will Sell at a Very Good Figure for the Next Two Years, Perhaps Longer.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Clover seed Is high
scarce, and good samples will com
mand prices that many farmers will
be loath to pay. The United States
department o f agriculture, however,
urges the seeding o f ns large an acre
age ns possible. The best Information
obtainable shows that the foreign mar
ket is quite as bare o f clover seed us
is our own. The French and Italian
supplies are sold out, and there ap
pears to be no surplus in Germany or
In Russia. This means that clover seed
will be high fo r at least two years to
come If not more, and those farmers
who seeded last spring or who seed
in 1920 will have a chance to sell their
clover seed crop at a good figure. This
is a time to look ahead, and for Ameri
can farmers to get the benefit o f the
high prices, before Europe has been
able to get back to normal production
and the prices fall.
Watch Quality of Seed.
In view o f the high price o f clover
seed, it Is especially Important that
farmers pny careful attention to the
quality of seed they buy. The relation
between the purity and germination
o f a sample o f clover seed and Its val
ue to the farmer has been so fre
quently discussed that It is not neces
sary to enter into details. A farmer,
paying a low price for a poor lot of
seed, may really be paying more for
the good seed that will grow' than he
would have in a sample o f higher
price. The only way to decide this is
to secure samples and quotations from
reliable firms, nnd have the seed an
alyzed by the state seed laboratory or
by the seed laboratory of the United
States department of agriculture.
The attention o f farmers is nlso call
ed very especially to the fact that
French nnd Italian seed has been and
is being imported into this country and
that the experiments so far conducted
by the department o f agriculture in
dicate'th at this seed will produce a
plant more subject to disease nnd less
hnrd.v under American conditions than
plants from our own seed.
In sections where there is no disease
nnd if the winter Is moderate n suc
cessful stand o f clover may be secured
with imported seed, but the chances
against success are always greater
than when using American seed. Farm
ers are urged, therefore, to Insist upon
a statement showing where the seed
offered them was harvested.
It Is also a time to consider with
more than usual care the means neces
sary for getting the most out of the
seed sown. It will not pay to throw
expensive seed in poorly prepared
ground as was so often done when
clover was chenp. The seed bed should
be well prepared. The best way Is not
to sow the seed in early spring on the
wheat, but to harrow it in on the
wheat or to seed with a spring grain
in a well prepared seed bed. Seeding
alone without a companion or nurse
grain crop will often be better, but
not always. I f seeding must be done on
rather worn soil. It Is better to seed
alone especially If the field Is not very
weedy. I f a special seed bed Is pre
pared It should be well compacted. A
freshly plowed and harrowed field Is
too open for the best results. The soil
must be compacted or the seed bed will
dry out before the young plants get
their roots down far enough.
Be Sure Whether Lime Is Needed.
Another matter o f the utmost Im
portance is to consider whether or not
the field it Is proposed to seed needs
lime. Unless the farmer Is sure, he
should send a sample o f the soil to his
state station and inquire. Not fnr from
75 per cent o f the nrable land east of
the Mississippi and north o f the south
ern boundary o f Tennessee needs lime
to bring a good crop o f clover. This
fact can not be too strongly em
phasized. I f the soil Is “ sour” do not
waste expensive red clover seed on
It— let some one else have It. But land
need not remain sour. A ton or two
o f finely-ground limestone per acre
will. In the average case, put the soil
into condition to grow clover. It is not
necessary to put on enough to com
pletely satisfy the lime requirement-
The Pennsylvania station has shown
that a lime requirement o f 500 pounds
per acre or less did no great harm,
but when more Is needed It must be
supplied If clover Is to do well. Soil
with a lime requirement o f 1,000
pounds or more per acre will usually
not make a paying crop o f red clover.
I f the wheat ground needs lime the
clover should be seeded with a spring
grain with lime harrowed in on the
plowed ground. I f this can not be done
the limestone may be put on the wheat
and harrowed in with the seed, though
It Is not so effective when applied In
this way as when spread on plowed
ground and harrowed In. Farmers look
ing ahead for several years should con
sider liming the corn field next spring,
especially If this is to be followed by
wheat with clover on the wheat In
1921. Corn responds to liming more
than small grains do and limestone
put on in this way will prepare the
ground well for a subsequent clover
crop. Used in this way the full amount
necessary to satisfy the lime require
ment should be used, as some will be
lost In drainage water and some will
be removed by the corn crop. A coat
ing o f manure*wlll help clover, and
on some soils phosphates are essential.
Potash Is Scarce.
In some cases, too, potash gives good
results, but potash It still scarce and
Its use will not be warranted unless
the farmer knows that it is needed.
A word o f wnrning must, however,
be added In the discussion o f lime.
Lime is not a fertilizer, and if used
persistently without adding organic
matter in the shape o f manure or crop
residues will eventually leave the soil
the poorer. When clover is grown the
nitrogen will largely take care o f It
self, but phosphorus and sometimes
potash will have to be added as soils
need them. And most o f nil will they
need organic matter.
Good clover crops lie at the founda
tion of agriculture in the northeastern
quarter o f the United States. On many
farms good clover crops can not be
produced without lime, but lime alone
will not permanently help the situa
tion. A proper system o f rotatiftn with
clover as a regular element In a three
or four year rotation must be adopted
fo r the permanent upbuilding o f the
land, and then whatever else the Innd
needs in the way of lime or fertilizer
must be added thereto.
JOIN “BETTER SIRES” DRIVE
Federal and State Forces Organized in
40 States— Many of Them Now
In Full Swing.
In 40 states the “ Better Sires— Bettei
Stock" campaign of federal and state
agricultural forces Is now fully organ
ized and In many o f them It is In full
swing. O f the few not yet enrolled
several have made plans for joining
the movement, which promises numer
ous benefits to the live stock interests
o f the country. Each o f the enrolled
states has filed with the bureau o f ani
mal Industry, United States depart
ment o f agriculture, the name and ad
dress of an official directly In charge of
the work. This list will be furnished
any inquirer on application. The states
enrolled In the crusade on January 1
were as fo llo w s: Alabama, Arkansas,
Arizona, California, Colorado, Connec
ticut, Delaware, District o f Columbia,
Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Lou
isiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachu
setts, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska,
New Hampshire, New Jersey, New
Mexico, New York, North Carolina,
North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Penn
sylvania, Rhode Island, South Caro
lina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas,
Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington.
West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming.
CULTURE OF FRUITS FAVORED
Supply of Valuable Food Furnished
at Relatively Small Cost— Best
A more general culture for fruits In
gardens and home orchards would con
tribute substantially to the health and
pleasure of the average family besides
furnishing a supply o f valuable food
products at a relatively small outlay
o f money, says the United States de
partment o f agriculture.
PRODUCTION HAS INCREASED
Improved Methods and More Efficient
Facilities Are Needed for Han
Call In the tipcat, cut off Its tall.
Fold up some eggs In a saucepan;
Sit on the rest like an elderly male
And gulp down the rest as a horse can.
The analysis Is an Interesting exam
ple o f the verbal association found In
dreams. “ Tipcat” suggested a cat’s
tnll— Its tip. “ Cut off Its tall” suggest
ed a cooking recipe and led to “ eggs In
n saucepan.” Eggs suggested "sitting,”
while “ gulp” — which the dreamer noted
appeared a gallop— suggested a horse.
It Is a singular fact that the dream
consciousness sometimes gets In a mer
ry mood when It Is fond o f making the
most ridiculous combinations o f words
and perpetrating the most atrocious
MAKING STRAWBERRIES SURE
Ample Supply of Moisture Is Essential
During Both Growing and Fruit
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Strawberries must have an ample
supply of moisture not only during the
season o f bearing fruit but alsc
throughout the growing season. Foi
this reason Irrigation is necessary to
make the crop reasonably sure In most
sections o f the western United States.
As strawberries have a shallow root
system the surface soil must be kept
moist and Irrigation must be more fre
quent than for many plants whose
roots penetrate the soil deeply. The
number o f Irrigations, however, will
depend largely on the character and
frequency o f the tillage used In con
serving moisture and on the type and
condition o f the soil. I f the furrows
are thoroughly cultivated as soon ns
the moisture conditions permit after
each Irrigation the number of applica
tions of water enn be materially re
duced, as compared- with the number
required when cultivation Is neglected
In the lighter soils, during the bearing
season, the fields may be Irrigated as
often as every four to six dnys, and
in heavy soils every week or two. Dur
ing the months when the plnnts are not
fruiting only enough water to keep
them in a thrifty, growing condition Is
During the picking period the usual
practice Is to Irrigate immediately
after each picking. When there is dan
ger that the water tn the furrows may
not be absorbed before the following
picking the field may be covered by
two applications, alternate furrows
being Irrigated In turn.
In many parts of the western states
the soils contain alkali, and alkaline
salts are brought to the surface In
such quantities ns a result of irriga
tion that the strawberry plants are In
jured and even killed. Usually the
first Indication of alkali Injury Is yel-
Nothing great was ever achieved with
To each man Is given a marble to carve
for the wall;
A stone that is needed to heighten the
beauty o f all;
And only his soul has the magic to give
it a grace;
And only his hands have the cunning to
put it In place.
For the Cooky Jar.
A well-made cooky, if kept in air
tight cans or receptacles, w ill keep
for weeks and Is always a welcome ad
dition to any meal.
Oatmeal Fruit Macaroons.
Take three-quarters o f a cupful of
raisins, two and one-half cupfuls of
rolled oats, half a teaspoonful o f salt,
two eggs, well beaten, half a cupful of
sugar, two tablespoonfulsof corn sirup Hill system for Strawberries as Prac
and a tablespoonful o f melted shorten
ticed in the South Is Conducive to
ing. M ix the fruit with the oats and
salt; beat the sugar, sirup and short
ening Into the eggs and combine the
two mixtures. Shape with a teaspoon lowing o f the leaves In the lower spots
and drop on greased baking sheet. In the field. In selecting a site fo r a
strawberry field places where the soils
Bake In a moderate oven.
are known to contain alkull should be
Another limiting factor In growing
Take one cupful o f shortening, one
strawberries In some localities In the
and one-half cupfuls o f sugar, three
West are nemntodes, n parasite also
eggs, one cupful o f stoned raisins,
known as eelworms and gallworms.
chopped fine, one teaspoonful o f soda,
Their effect, which Is usually manifest
one-half a nutmeg, grated, and a tea
first on the roots, Is commonly called
spoonful o f clnnnmon; flour to roll.
root knot, because c t the knotlike en
These cookies keep Indefinitely and largements they produce. Nemntodes
are better when they are a week or
occur widely In soils where the win
ter climate Is so mild that the ground
rnfely freezes more than a few Inches
Superior Sugar Cookies.
deep, or doeH not freeze at all. Straw
Take two cupfuls o f sugar, one cup berries should not be planted In soil
ful o f shortening, four eggs, one tea- known to be infested with nematodes,
spoonful o f soda and two teaspoonfuls nnd plants ahonld not be used which
o f cream o f tartar, one teaspoonful o f have been grown In Infested areas.
lemon or vanilla. Bake quickly, with
flour enough to handle.
Beat the whites o f two eggs until
s tiff; add one cupful o f sugar, lightly,
a little at a time, then fold In one cup
ful o f cornflakes and two tablespoon
fuls o f flour, with vanilla to flavor, a
dash o f salt and a cupful o f coconut
Drop on buttered sheets. This makes
24 small macaroons. Bake in a mod
erate oven until brown.
Sour Cream Drop Cookies.
Melt one-third o f a cupful o f short
ening in one-third o f a cupful o f boil
ing w a te r; add one cupful o f molasses,
one teaspoonful o f soda, one o f ginger
and one-half teaspoonful o f cinnamon,
a little salt, and wheat flour to make
a drop batter. H ave the cakes thick
enough not to spread too much and
bake In a moderate oven.
Production during the last decade
has Increased greatly, and as a nat
ural consequence Improved methods
and facilities for handling the Increase
have become necessary, says the Unit (Copyrlsht. l i l t , Western N iv ip t p a r Union. I
ed States department o f agriculture.
"L O O K " 18 RIG H T.
Keeping pace with Increased produc
New on« of the s*<M»et visions that ooms
tion has come the demand o f consum
to a soul distressed
ers for more elaborate and efficient Is the look woman rives to a woman who
she thinks la bettor dressed.
"H c U a -4.
The Parisian theaters are beginning to
be an expression o f the late fashions,
both from the standpoint o f the art
ist appearing on the stage and the
audience which gathers nightly to wit
ness tlie new plays, writes a Paris
Ok nrst night, in Paris always brings
a fashionable crowd.
made her debut in a new role In “ La
Voile Deehlre” she wore a charming
dress made by Jenny, one which has
also been chosen by small Purisienues
In private life.
The dress o f beige brown chiffon,
with a hooping tunic which extends
across the slues and front only, leav
ing the back very flat, according to a
certain phase o f the newest fashions.
The tunic owes Its buoyancy to the
bands o f sable which pass in seven
rows around it.
The bodice Is In
simple, slightly bloused form, with ki
mono sleeves which turn back In deep
cuffs just below the elbow, but, re
maining transparent, reveal the grace
ful lines o f the arms. A band of sa
ble passes around the half-low neck
at the back and outlines a sort of vest
at the front. A slight touch o f color
is given through the girdle o f copper
rose nnd the addition o f tassels o f this
same burnished color down the front.
Sleeves That Flare; Pantaloon Cuffs.
Two charming robes o f this clinrac-
i ter, one for afternoon and one fo r eve-
i ning wear, have been big successes;
' both nre developed in black satin and
ttie embroideries are In ruby-red bends
Tuiie of Pink Over Gold Cloth.
Another theater dress, from Lan
vin, which Is proving very Inter
esting to private customers ns well.
Is of pink tulle over n cloth-of-gold
There Is a hoop frame
made of artificial flowers which passes
around the hips, holding the tulle out
with the fnshlonnhlc bouffancy. This
effect Is further exaggerated by rose
rjichlngs o f tulle, which girdle the
skirt twice between the hips nnd the
knees. Underneath, the gleaming gold
foundation skirt clings tightly to the
figure o f the wearer.
Thus the pink
tulle skirt forms only n hooplike trans
parency and leaves the figure of the
wearer svelte and graceful.
Lanvin is emphasizing black and
white for spring nnd summer. This
was evidenced in her mid-season
models, prepnred fo r the Riviera sea
son, and is again apparent In spring
She is making much use of white
Kascha, Rodier’s cashmere serge, in
combination with blnck satin for |
simple street dresses o f the tailored
type, many o f which show the black
and white Moravian pattern em
broideries, plus the fine hnnd-run
stitches In brilliant crimson.
mendous lias been the success of this
Czeeho-Slovnk embroidery that Lan
vin. who launched Jt last summer, was
practically forced to continue Its use
fo r spring.
Russian Dress in Redingote Style.
Thanks to Lanvin’s system o f organ
Bands of Sable.
ized effect this house always launches
exclusive new inuteriuls as well as new
embroideries. It Is said that her or
ders are often placed three years In
advance o f her needs nnd are o f suffi
cient size on certain specialties to
make It worth while for the French
manufacturer to give It to no other
house during the lifetim e o f the vogue.
The oriental touch Is not lacking
In Lanvin’s new spring line, fo r she
has just brought out two wonderful
models w ith 'cu ff trousers. Tills may
nnd silver threads.
dress Is In the chemise type nnd passes
over tlie head. Like many other Lan
vin models, it is arranged to button
high about tlie throat with a straight
collar bond, or to be worn open In a
deep V point.
The sleeves and the
pantaloon cuffs nre the strikingly new
features. The form er nre In bell
shape with massed embroidery cover
ing nimost their entire length.
bell flare Is about eight Inches wide
nt the bottom, the sleeve Itself being a
good three-quarters length. The dress
girdles In blouse effect at a normal
waistline, the belt being nlso richly
embroidered, nnd there are two slender
pendent panels on each side of the
skirt, nlso embroidered.
To the hqm
are attached tlie pantaloon cuffs, which
nre brilliantly embroidered.
The evening dress, nlso In black
satin, Is embroidered In exactly tlie
same colors, red nnd silver o f very
I elaborate and extensive pattern. Al-
| most the whole front o f the skirt has
an npron pattern o f the embroidery.
The pantaloon cuffs are embroidered.
The bodice Is In seml-decolletnge style,
slightly square neck at the back nnd
! very deep surplice V point at the
; front. It shows elnhnrnte embroideries
at the front outlining the crossing
decoiletage. The very short sleeves, per
haps five Inches long, nre entirely cor-
•*rpd with embroidery nnd there Is an
Umbrella Is an Adornment.
GRAPE CUTTINGS FOR FUTURE
Profitable Practice to Get Them Ready
for Spring Planting— Prevent
Farmers wishing to set out vine
yards w ill profit by making grape cut
tings and getting them ready for
spring planting, according to horticul
turists at the Ohio experiment station.
A number o f cuttings may be made
from one vine, and after one year of
cultivation in-a small nursery lot the
young vines are ready for planting.
Cuttings should he taken from new
wood, each cutting having two to three
buds upon It. The cuttings are from
8 to 12 ’nohes lone, the bottom being
trimmed close to the first bud. while
the top o f the cutting has 2 or 3 Inches
of wood above the top bud.
These are tied in bundles and placed
In damp sand In the cellar or burled
out o f doors and covered to prevent
Injury from severe freeslng.
In the spring the cuttings are set
In rowa 3 feet apart and 4 Inches In
the row. Only the npper had Is al
lowed to extend above the ground, ae
that the other buds will develoo roots.
! and the skirt thus becomes a panta-
, loon. That these cuff-pantaloons should
| not escape the attention o f observers,
they are embroidered elaborately In
high colors exactly to match the em-
j broidery on the dress. A further strlk-
j ing note is added when the wearer
1 tins slippers embroidered in exactly
, the same pattern.
Dress Worn at the French Theater—
sound very funny, but It Is Just what
they are. There Is a straight, slightly
draped skirt and below this lire at
tached two rather stiff cuff bands
three or four Inches deep and suffi
ciently large for the feet to paaa
These are sewn Inside the
hem o f the skirt. The feet pass through
Dressmakers nre showing great In
terest In umbrellas as accessories to
their costumes. This Is the first time
that umbrellas have been considered
ndornmeuts. The newest o f them, like
the French shoes, nre clumsy and
stubby in appearance.
Brown is the
fnshlonnhle color. The novelty In um
brellas Is the cluhllke stick, most elab
orately ornamented through wood.
Ivory and tortoise shell carvings nnd
other forms o f decoration.
These umbrellas have made their
first appearances through exclusive
shops, as well ns the I’ nrls dress
makers. Therefore, many o f the de
signs are exclusive to the Individual
house selling them. Among the most
notable are the carved Ivory handles
which are at least three Inches wide
and from one and n half to two Inches
On these handles graceful
Egyptian figures are cut, the silhou
etted figures being In Ivory with a
background o f celestial
handsome one has a hnndle of brown
wood carved to imitate the Joints o f
The tips, ferrule nnd orna
ments on the handle are carved coral;
the silk cover Is brown to match