Image provided by: Independence Public Library; Independence, OR
About The Independence west side. (Independence, Or.) 18??-1891 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 19, 1892)
THE WEST SIDE.
1 1 1. IttL tOITM.
On kt . . . . . .
Mix Mvmtli . . . . .
T)ii UimUn .
AH niRrrtiii unit dwilh MotlrM nut
In . Itnw HI h iiiwrml ftw, All vr
v ln will b ohrHl Hv twin wr lln.
tfcKtM oMluary mmiuU.uti will x vhwipul
iw m mm nw ui in ! p? un.
iilln all iMiamimtMttnna Air uuhlliwIlOB
Tw Wwrr Hip. Mid iuk nil rvmliiwucM
rrii k in imk uiuniy J'utiiiiin cum
FRIDAY, AUGUST lt, 1SU9,
A. K. 8TKVKXSW)X,
For Presidential Ktootom,
W. M. fnlvtff.of jftriumu
- (Mk K. Nntatut, of t'lutrntn,
Kort A, Millar, ol Jhui.
, W. F. Hulolifr, of linker.
Don't vote as you pray bwiuu'e
you might not rote itt nil, then
lIl'KBiii for llytuirtlle Md.,
the first town in the United States
to adopt the single tax.
Tub irjwrt has just been pwd
broad over the country that the
80s serpent hits bwu seen in Lake
MU-hignn. It must he on its way
to the world's fulr.
Xoyr that everybody else la get
ting pensions, why is there not
pension for the miiu who Rtoyed at
home and wore himself out read
ng the newspaper rqrarta of the
fightini; in front!
Thk only futures of the hitrh
tariff act that high-tax organ dare
boast of are its free list and its re
ductions. They foar to discuss its
high-protwtive features, now.
Tub press criticisms on the
adjournment of congrexs all concur
in saying that it was a do-nothing
congress. This is high praise.
The ideal congress now a days is
one that does nothing.
The Chinese have been admitted
in Tacouia. The says Mayor
Huson promised the citizens, - if
elected, to give them a good govern
nieut, and they have got "the
Chiuamen and the smallpox."
"The McKinley bill raised the
duty on silk plush," and the price
went down, saysahigh tax content
porary; and doubtless it would also
say, as a direct cousequeuce of the
docren.se in the price, wages went
TE Pendleton East Orrgmia
copies the article on single tax
which we recently printed, aud
continues the subject in a way that
is truly inspiring to those who are
iu favor of justice to everyone.
The Etut Oregtmim was the pioneer
'single-tax advocate jn this state,
but now many papers are staunch
supporters of that eminently just
system of taxation.
That "visionary scheme," (as
the croakers would say,) the single
tax, is now in practical operation
in Hyattsville, Maryland. In that
city all improvements and all per
sonal property are exempt from
taxation. The only thing they tax
is the value of the land. The levy
is twenty-five cents on each flOO
of value. It is now very unprofit
able to hold land simply for specu
lation in II vattwville. There was
one case where under the old system
a piece of land was assesHed for
110 which is now assessed at ItiOO,
!L 1 .J
When the West Siub talks free
trade, it means free trade absolute.
If there isanyjuHtification at all for
a tariff, it is a tariff for protection
For a tann lor revenue mere i
not the remotest shadow of a reason.
Now we know from actual experi
ence thatjso far from raising wages,
protective tariffs tend to lower them ;
so that there is nothing to justify
that kind of a tariff. And as for
a tariff for revenue, one must have a
very elastic conscience if he favors
a tax that will bear just as heavily
on the poor as on the rich. Suppose
we were to tax coffee, as we prob
ably would if a revenue tariff were
levied. A poor man drinks as
much coffee as a rich man does, and
if he used as much, his tax would
be just the same. But no one will
contend that it would be just to tax
the man who has nothing but his
day's wages as much as the one
who has his millions. And so we
are for trade as free between all
the world a it is now between
Independence and Portland
WAGES, WAGES, WAGES.
The great hue and cry made by
the Orcgonian and the small fry of
high protection organs "some two
years Ago, has now dwindled down
to the merest whisper, as to the
fact of "high tariff makes high
wages." Last week the Oregmkm
in a lengthy and quite able article
showed that the tariff did not
affect wages in one way or another
except in a few possible instances.!
That is correct, and just the facts
which the Democrats have always
insisted upon. This, then Is the
lust ditch. For if thl tailff dm
not in a geueral way, do general
good, then in the name of common
sense what good la protection at all,
only to help the few and oppress
loemauyt The great scarecrow of
the last election was, If you vote
against protection down will go
wages. Thousauds were misled
and Imlieved it. Now as the cam
paign of education has advanced,
even the loud cries have softened
their tones, aud one reads from the
pen of Kdltor II. W. Scott words
A deal of nonsense is written
about the enect of a protective
tariff on wages, perhaps quite at
muon on the high tariff as ou the
iree-iraue sine or controversy.
Most of itisnousense because tier-
som eiuleavor to deal with Hie
data and conclusions of the tariff
question as if it were a proposition
iu geometry, capable of mathe
matical demonstration and of yield
ing exact results. Outhecoutrary,
thebiriffqneationls complex, un
certain, aud shifting; its apparent
data are oftn obscure and mislead
ing, and its conclusions depend
more upou varying conditions thuu
upon any known fixed laws.
The truth seems to be that pro-,
teetive duties have no direct intlu
ence upon wage. tariff intlu
euccs wage only through it lutlu
ence upon the market, aud this is
varying, uncertain, and dependent
on conditions which are not the
me In different countries and at
dtffereut times. Wages are regu
lated by supply and demand, and
demand for labor Is stimulated by
demand for the article which the
i -' .""-
IS MARS LXHABlTKDt
It is only about once in every
aftccu years that we of Earth have
achuuee to observe Mars with any
degree of satisfaction. At pres
ent that planet is something more
than 35,000,000 miles away from
ua, and every telescope of any size
in the world Is turned Jfarsward.
The great interest manifested is
due to the fact that Mars is the
only planet Iwtiidet the earth in
this solar system on when condi
tions cajable of supporting life pre
vail; aud it is with the hope of dis
covering any signs of the existence
of intelligent beings there that
astronomers ine worm over are
nightly watching that fiery orb.
Some years ago, when Mars wa
About the same distance from the
earth theat he is now, Profewor
Schlaparelll, u Astronomer ol
Milan, Italy, discovered a network
of "cauala," as he called them, on
the surface of that planet. He
observed, also, that these lines, or
canals, were in many instance
doubled, and that they seemed to
oonuect bodies of water.
Flammarion, a brilliant French
astronomer, at about the same time
gave it as his opluion that these
tines were true canals, constructed
by the people of that plauet.
Astronomers the worm over,
however, ridiculed the asscrtiou by
.i mi i .
uie at una ouserver um lines were
visible ou the surface of Mars. Not
being able to see them themselves,
they did not believe anyone else
could. And so Bchinparelli was not
considered much of an astronomer
by his brother scientists, and has
been under a cloud ever since. Flam
tnarion shared even a worse fate;
he published his ideas as to Mars
being inhabited, and whs boycotted
right and left, so that he weut into
mtm as an astronomer. Now,
however in view of the events ol
the past three weeks, it begins to
look as if Schiaparelli was right,
and all the others were wrong. The
great telescope at the Lick observa
tory, in California, the largest in
the world, is nightly demonstrating
tho correctness of the emineut
Italian's observations. Not only
are the canals, or lines, plainly vis
i Die, nui mey are uouoini, as
But this is not all. The thirty si x
inch lens much more thnu viudi
atesthe Italian: it even seems to
'erify several of the speculations of
Flanimarian regarding communica
tiou with the people of Mars. Said
Flammarian fifteen years ago, "ll
we were to see a triangle on Mars,
we would be considerably puzzled;
but if we were to see it change first
nto a square and then into a circle,
we would think with some reason
that such figures reveal without
question the presence of a geome
trician upon our neighbor world."
Imagine then, the astonishment ot
the Lick observers when upon four
nights in succession the great tele
scope showed a perfect triangle con
sisting notof three linesof light, but
of three- gfeat lights, seemingly
placed on three mountain tops far
apart. These lights did not burn
steadily as long as that part ot the
planet on which 4hcy appeared
was in view, but went out in an
inexplicable manner. They would
flash out us soon as darkness had
set in, would burn steadily and
brilliantly for a few hours, then
all would go out at once, as if
someone bad turned off an electric
current, when great shadows would
take thoir places. The first night
the astronomers thought some at
mospheric or other phenomena
caused the lights, and that they
were wholly unconnected with the
observation of Mars. But next
night when the planet put in its
appearance, they saw the three
U twU,.W Mm In Mrlnf Dial Ui
toll niur ot IIikkI'i nrllU than ol ttt I
other bkHid auriRtri, JFot luiUnc!
r, O. Uuoai.ii I wtl bin ol Hixxl'i Mn
ptrlll thu ll ailitr blood putllUtt,
A. W. Uos A Co, I HinhI'i UkM tho lA
I All olhr MTMptrlUu,
C, r. HLAHONAKOt WtHll WI ot Dood'l
lMrll IhAB ot Mr UaillM.
fcUMTff SttAWt With M th Ml Ol
Ittxxi' li I lo I ot tur olhw kind.
r A K. Rtii.iv A Co.1 HiMst'l SrMrlll
b on ol tho bMt mtdMiwt,
tCitt.MK A Uovir: IIikkI'i rMMiMII It
on ol lb bad mttlMiit Iiitd. IU ul
Im'rviraf Try yr, i
F. P, MHtVI WtMll twit m WNrh ol
Hml' KtMttlUA ol tnytliltiii ilinllAr,
0. A. Swani tliMxl'1 I Ui bioal HiUlt
trwiwrill ot Ui 4r.
THmtt OTH4retal"Uiwi ilmtUrlr.
Thll IKipultrttf U burnt, br lluotl't
rMHrlll ud lit fMOrtMuf liAv bo
known lof Many ywi, uM nul uitllnu II
III! malMtto dlil Bl hmhm mrli Anil
Uio fkt-u alioKld ortliily (kmivImd miiI
' U ottlM (WUnM Ol lh ouutilrjf thM Moud'l
rwHkrillk la foud, NlUbl mtdtiiln.
old ditl III H tor (H. fre"4
only bf 0. U UOOO A CO., AlKShvvarl,
100 Doaa On Dollar
strange lights flash out again. The
observers knew that the condition
of the atmosphere shout Mount
llamlltou was wholly different from
what it had been tho nigltl before;
and even on Mars a cloud or two
thai early in t he eveulng Interfered
with the observers, drifted away.
Then, after burning a few hours,
these strange lights again weut out.
This was repeated on tho two suc
ceeding HiirhU, aud while , the
observers have so far made no oom
monts, they are noue the less deep
ly impressed. ,
But still more was shown. As
in the earth the pole of Mars are
covered with eternal snows. - It
looks as though intelligent being
there had turned the snow-covered
southern polo into a large signal
background. Over the great plains
of pure-white suow, the Lick tele
scope plainly shows huge 'black
bodies rapidly passing. These
change position, and also change
both iu length and breadth. Prof
sor Barnard state that on several
occasions the black bodies would
suddenly appear.leaviug two white
spots; aud this Is significant not
only from tho strange movements
of the bodice, which are not such
as could be mudo by wind driven
clouds, but because they seem to
btwr om relutlon to the lights,
Appearing at the precise time the
lights weut out.
Flammarion did not eveu think
of such a mode of signaling; but he
believed firmly in signals, and it
seems he is to 1st at least rehabil
itated in reputation by the great
telescope no Mount Hamilton.
The Lick observer have not, as
yet, advanced any opinion. M.uiy
others have, and they do uot as a
rule believe that Mars is inhabited.
Schiaparelli, however, suld ou
August 4: "1 am convinced of the
bubitubility of the planet. . . .
The conditions which prevail on
Mars seem to approximate more
closely those of the earth than is
the case with any other heavenly
body. It would indeed bo strange
if a world like ours iu many of its
Important features should exist
wlthoutlife of some kind, csjieclally
when we know that such life would
be impossible on the earth were
such conditions ubsent. The nat
uralists and philosophers would say
that it is much easier to show that
animal life exists ou Mars than
that it does not. The burden of
proof, therefore, rests on those who
deny such existence." And this
from the mun who, In the light of
the disclosures of the great Lick
telescope, must now Iks crowned as
the most eminent of living ostroiio
Spkinokield, 111., July 3.
Springfield Typographical union,
No. 177, to-day adopted resolutions
denouncing Whitolaw Keid as fol
Kosolved, that this union,
as a iiou-partisan orgunizition,
deeply feels the humiliation and
affront put upon organized labor
and especially upon typographical
unionism, by tho high honor be
stowed up6u a most persistent and
aggressive opponent by one of the
great political parties of the United
Resolved, That this onion, in
justification of the grand cuuso of
organized labor and in defense of
Its existence as an honorable and
law-abiding institution of this free
country, feels it to be a duty to
protest; and hereby does solemnly
protest, against the nomination for
and election to high office and
exalted position, of avowed enemies
of organized labor as personified in
Whitclaw Keid, candidate for vice
president of the United States.
THE TA fllFFJ'ALh'S.
The Chicago Inter Ocean having
called attention to two firms, one
in Chicago aud one in Fall Itivor,
Mass., that had voluntarily raised
wages tins year, ami uiireu any
Democratic paper to name twenty
that had reduced wages,' the Chicago
Times arises and drops the following
crusher on the Inter Ocean, with
the side remark that it can mime
instances in the ratio of 100 to 1:
In Pennsylvania 10.000 minors
struck against a reduction of 10 per
cent in their wages.
The employers of the Buckeye
reaper works, whose wages were
reduced 30 percent.
Employers ot the Fairfield woolen
mills, at Fairfield, 111., wh were
Successors to Goodman
reduced to a four days' run by
order of the oo m puny, June 8, 1W1.
Itlbbou weavers of Patterson, N.
J., whose wages were cut 13 per
Pottery workers at Trenton, N.J. t
wages reduced per cent,
Employers of the Otis iron and
steel conmany, Cleveland; wages
reduced !lo r cent.
Two thousand five hundred
employes of the Crown Iron com
pany, Allertou, Pa,, reduced 10 per
Weavers in Providence, who
were locked out three months
iMvt'iiuse of a refusal to accept a
redtictlou. i ,
Spoolers l Wlllsmtle, Conn.,
wage cut tl.ftO per week.
At Jacksonville, HI,, employers
cut more mail lit jier cent.
Makers of hats at Met huen, Mass,,
wages rcdneed 23 per cent.
Cotton workers at Lcwiston, Me.,
reduction 3 per cent.
Steel workers at Chattanooga,
reduction 10 tier cent.
Twenty jHr cent from the wages
or the ftixouv Knitting company,
Little Falls, N.V. ,
Iron workers at Suruntou, luu,
reduced 10 psr wn t.
Silk workers at Warehouse Point,
Conn., reduction 27 per cent.
Iron workers at Steelton, Bethle
hem, and 1'ottstown, Pa,, reduction
from 7 to "12 per cent,
Spinners at Iowell Muss., whose
wages have liecu mlueed three p'r
ceut per hundred since the McKin
ley bill took effect.
We am indebted to the l'Miuaript
flr the following Item. By tho way,
the 7Wiwryf Dutliw' lend lug
Pht, kiul ll Is rmvivlug ih wiroitiiK
Mayor Kill uml wlfu Iiiivb Uvu
rvervoiliiKAt Yiuiima imrtloii ir tlie
wuek. . , .,
The DiiIIm latiliiir mill In rtiliiiluit
to Us full cniHiulty with otili-w for fimr
week alieau ami nuirw wiiiIiik dslly.
Mllo WmmIk, workliiK In tli foundry,
ifol a Bpiirk of uiolttm iniB which ttew
fmm tfi furiinw on tlio very ediio of
his left eyvlkl. It wmm clow vmU
for half iuUircut in the luil' vli-wlng
tjtUU (lisnxter occurred ou the fru
of Mrs. Jmnra HrHl wll, fvw tiny
bk"- Jiuui llrhl well r don of the
widowed lady, wan tlrtvlug a four-
linnwM'irbiuilcr In the livid, lie nut
down on the uuicliloe side ur tlie team
In iimki' Millie uiTdwl djiwlmeut to the
Uiirmtw, wni'H HOiiulliliiK mK'iteiied
the Iioi-whi and tlmv iiinini forwsrd.
Ilu Knililsst lit tho tlU of one of the
norm but railed to mtcti them, and
wy went the outfit 6n thw run. To
ew-niw ouUlde the ranira of the ilokle
was tiiiHmlbl. HI only liojie ws to
no iiiiuon nuiMeir Uhu the K"nnd tlint
the iimchlne mlubt tuow ovt-rhlm. In-
ulaiitly tie hiiKKetl the eirih, aud the
next ItmUnt the siiiull outer wheel
struck him, mi wi tin ovi-r ami h-tivlnit
him sevurt'lv hrulwl, but tliiinkful to
em-itiie tlie dnmdful futo which a too
infill before had thn'stetieil liliu as he
fuoed the murderous Jnu of the alckle,
iiowiiiiKMMiiwuMiii uie ivulocliy InU
Inherited by few, Is pure, blood, free
from hereditary tnint. Catnrrli, con
sumption, rlioiinmtlnm, Scrofula,
mid many other mnladleg born in
tha blood, can be effectually eradi
cated only by tho uao of powerful
alteratives. Tho standard upeciflo
for this purpo.no tho one best
known nitd approved in Ayer't
Sarsaparilla, the compound, con
centrated extract of Honduras Bar
Mtpartlla, and other powerful altera
"I coiulder that I have been
overal hundred dollar' cxpenso, by ualng
Ayer'i riiaiarllla, and would ttrougly
urRO all wlio aro troubled with lamismiM or
rlidiimntlo piiln to glvo it a trial. 1 tin iiiro
It will do litem Hiimaniit good, u It tun
done m."-Mr. Joseph Wood, Went J'lutt
Dr. J. W. Blileldn, ot RmUlivlIlP, "Term.,
ny: "I rcuaril Ayor' Bmaniiarllla lathe
boat blood moillclne on rartli, and know ol
many wonderful euro effected by Ita uo."
" For many year 1 waa laid up with 8oro(
ula, no treatment being ot any bmit-U At
lougtti I wm rneominaiidml to give Ayer't
Burauparlllaatrlal. 1 did ao, anil
about a doxon bottloa, wa roatorod to par
foot health -weighing sao pounda-and am
now a believer In tlin merlta ot Ayer'a Surav
purllla." Jamei relay, Mine Boat, 8rec
nrldgeCoalCo. (Umlted), Vlotorla,Ky.
"My nleoe, fiarah A. I.oaee, waa lor year '
afflicted with aeroliiloiit humor In the blood.
About l month ago ahe began to ua
Ayer'a Baraaparllla, and after taking three
bottlna wna oomplotoly cured." l Caffall,
1'. M., Loaee, Utah.
TaiPABBD T '
Dr. J. C. AVER & CO., Lowell, Mass.
Bold by all nrugglala. frloa l ; ill bottls.. $1,
Space Reserved for
which It wna wrouRbt by the flying
Usim. The bora) ran u Ulnuuoe
ami finally brouulit up aRalixl a tren,
um which one of the animal truek
Ha head and ilroiiisnl iload. The reap
er wa coimllimUy daluaRitl,
I invariant U rruH tirnwan.
To In end that Oil yesr'a Horti
cultural dlnptuy may Im the larirmt aud
niot altravtlveever known, and pre
immu.ry toaendlog It to fhlcairo In
JHM8, the Portland Induatrlal KxkmI
lion will otler a Drat preiiilum of (ton
aud s (ennui of .'si to tlie two euuuthw
iiiakuiKthe Aneat and btrgevl dUplay
of frull, iiiuludlug oauned, Rreeii aud
dried, irmwn in the county exhibit
ton, the canned fruit to be put up by
the pvrton by whom It la irowu. A
pwiilum ol tati will tie icivi-n to the
uouuty niaklnit the ut artistic l la
play. The (iwiple of portluml, fully
reeihsliiR the liiijK.-runce of the fruit
liidualry, and of having it, ataive all
other. repivMutett at the World' Kalr,
aud to encourage fruit grower to make
an extraordinary etf.t to w-livt the
very Ut ieilmen, have heartily
Joloed with the exsallloit, and will
iilti-r premium to the Individuals
(about Auu ha been aulworlued to far,
and more proinfMl) makliift the
beat exhibit of fruit grown by fliem.
elvea The county display will In no
way Interfere with the Individual
There I now a big rush to HtockUm
A lloukle'tforilm new gude of all
kltolaJuBt arriving. Ornue running,
but do u l fall, for we are trying to up
ply all. '
n Size ladies' watcbes, tlie smallest
lmerican watch made. The move
ment is just the size of a half dollar.
Hew screw filled cases, IS and 18
size. Thinnest screw case ever
made. . '
"Something new and neat." 1.0.1'.
Masonic, Odd fellows, and I of P.
lapel buttons in solid gold. Call
in and see them.
We have ample Warehouse
room, and will store wheat
at most reasonable rates.
We will furnish sacks
Come this way and see
you. we asic your attention to our Warehouse,
Storage, Purchasing, and Sack business.
S EI N NE
Try Htrong'i riwlauraiit, Woatwwtt A
Irwin, propilolore, wlivn In HjiIciii.
Meals, first claa Invjery way, iKi cuiU.
hend voiir lauiidrv to the Salem
steam laundry, Mr. Uotr, driver of the
isaieiu autge, will taae it lor you
leve order at the iiis-r livery lablv
E. L. KETCHUM, M.D.
Om and rralili-iKV, ernr nf ItaJln4 and
II BMD FIRM.
The undvnilgucd would auv that we
are preparud to do all kinds of
At the moat reasonable rate, (ilw us
PITTS & HILLARD,
tuctnwn to B. I. Kran(l,
LOOK THIS WAY !
We. will purchase
wheat at the high
est market price.
as cheaply as anybody
.what we have to say to
R & CO.
ffiiS ffl US3E WM,
Eii I'ns. Oliver
Yoar attention to our. line of clotercg,
which las been greatly reduced tj
our i5 per cent reduction sale, but
we are still abls to satisfy our cus
tomers in this is, as well as in
' Summer Dress Goods, lite Golds,
- Ginghams, Parasols, Underwear, Hosiery,
iuuuijijij i mm
WALL 1' ATE 11 .
The Oregon State Normal School
1 if"t L
The Leading Normal School of the
A diploma from the achool antitlea one toteaol, ia any oouut, iu the stale with
Norm.! v . . .. " J - ,0"' f,,rtlr munition. 7 m 8t,,,e mlh'.
per of uZZ Srd rNorm
ioma.t iwr auk tj i , . ,
tiful nk.l Cniii "i. "V "'""'".
in Polk County for
ffl, B WM
Chilled aod Steel Fins,
.... HClTltE FltAMES
Heujiimin ScboOeld, Prenideot; J B
""WiSwsretory.. Exoftloio: UwEx-
T .hi" i B; Mc1h!rovJ, PTintwi,tM,t oi
Iuhholnatrut-tmns Hon.O.W. McBride.
nn A.Nlt.,er J n. Wh., HuBD
. Holnw, Alfred Laoy, Hon. P. W. ,
Hnlt-y, Hod, J. J. U.ily.
Tlie Statu Normiil is a live sotiool, rap.
t f,ici)itl.a for the iiiat trnm.uB of
wclier. It Kraduntw ar in deiumid to
till piinl position. A bhiu of eiKhty tier
w-i't hi nttvudance whh mii.le lm year.
Au eimillniont of 5(H) la aiitu'iimled for
tlie next yenr. New members have been
a.l.led U) the fiionlty, and additional
" D ilfe'. J normal,
" Hull, f 1.50 per week; fnni
Private f.iuuliea, M.fll) per weJfc n.
f P Seteml,er 20." For
ur j. m. I'OWELL, A. M., Vice rroaid7utr ' " l iMnl '