Image provided by: Independence Public Library; Independence, OR
About The Independence west side. (Independence, Or.) 18??-1891 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 5, 1892)
THE WEST SIDE.'"'0 ihe ul.1trew in
i. R, I. KU, ICHOR.
West Side Publishing Company
CAVAHI K IN AUVANIH.
On Ymf ..... P.tX
Hlx M.Mitli !.
Ttirva kinuth. J)
All IMWf ' rtWIth milll llOt XOfll
tn (lv lliti will lx tnrrtsl fVw. All vr
flvttiiK will b i'hlv l (lv vl T lino.
H.vl.l.t itlnttiarv mmliuluit. will li flmrxvj
Um- i th rU' .li Av wiiu Hr Una.
Ail tni t i.iitumU'tl.ii flir iulillKlln
U T Wwrr Hie, ami mii nil wmHtmia
payahU Ui ll IVlavvmmj l'ulill.lilim ttu.
Htltv. at Ilia INwUim In IiuWvti
euii, Ontpm, a MAiutliw matt.,
fuuuy, Ai ursT a, ism
Of New York.
For Vloe Ptvaldout,
A. K. PTKVF.NSOX,
For l'rellenMtU F.Uvtow,
W. M. Oilvljr, of Jurkx.ni.
(loo. K. Nlil, f CIhIi.
Holxrt A. Miller, ol Jnokiii.
W. F. HulotiiT, of linker.
Sixok liitfli Uxors are tryiug lo
couviiu the country that thtw Iw
the uVlithtful time of owiH'rity,
lotlhom explain luuv it lmppens
that the Northwest litut fuilwl to
jjot its shni-e.
"A nieu iue created equal,"
savstlie IHwltiration of ImlejHUitl-
euce, Rut someway it ends there
w ith most people now a days, for
immediately after the creating pro-
they are not considered equal
by any manner of means.
Jons J. 1st! vi.i.s's new version
of the lines, "The land of 4li frtM
and the home of the brave," is In
coming quite popular, John puts
it, "The land of the rich and the
home of the slave." By the way,
Injjalls is a good Republican.
Tue SUiltmmiH is anxious far the
Independence and Monmouth motor
line to be extended to Salem, and
Bays the people 'of that city would
very materially assist the enter
prise. Make a note of this, gentle
men, and let 'a build that road. It
would be A great thiag for the
Ik some kind-hearted Uepublican
would itoiut out the coiwistoncy of
building Jetties, and in every possti
ble way improving our harto -
as to m commerce in, wutie ai mo
. . . , 1 M ... .1 .
same time we pass tariff laws and
build custom houses and man reve
nne cutters to keep commerce out,
we woujd be truly thankful.
To ixdtcb men to think is the
idea. We must get out of the habit
of only looking at things from one
standpoint Let us reason togeth
er. and hear what others have to
say. lieeause for generations w
have been taught to believe that
this or that is true or right, does
not make it so. The Aristotelian
philosophy was accepted as correct
the world over, until Galileo
proved it to to without foundation
There can to no progress if all men
believe as did their fathers before
Here is a stubborn fact, fan
anv Ki'Dublican answer it! In
round nnmtors the Homestead
management paid out monthly for
wages fJO'J.OOO to asm) workmen
The average monthly wHires are
exactly $53.15 and a small fraction
of a cent over. Now if some work
men received much more than the
above average amount, the cor re
sponding ratio of decrease, inevit
ably follow.and the irresistible con
elusion is that some workmen get
less than .'). 15 per month wages,
Will our 'Republican friends tell
the whole truth concerning the
wages paid at the Homestead mills
We pause for a reply.
TirK state election held in Ala
bama last Monday was overwhelm
ingly Democratic, legislature ami
all. The fusion ticket did not cut
the figure io the Democratic votes
that was so longingly desired by the
Republican press, Stnmgo that
either the associated prcs.su, or a
few papers that pretend to give the
news in a disinterested way, had
nothing concerning the. election
in the great state of Alabama except
a little note. But when a little
obscure state like Rhode Island
went Republican the Ongonian and
other papers bad head lines one
fourth of the way down the column.
Some papers give the news faith
Rkcently several hundred men
in Pennsylvania were obliged to
live on roots and wild berries for
some daysjn order to keep from
starving. At about the same time
the Carnegie company tried to re
duce wages because "over produc
tion had reduced the price of steel,"
For the same reason the price of
cotton, wheat, corn, wool, and al
most everything else we use is de
creasing, Before there can bo over
production it appears to us that
everyone must have everything
necessary to comfort. How many
of our readers would not get a new
suit of clothes, or a new carpet, or
a carriage, or furniture, or, now
books, or build a belter house, or
buy better farm machinery, or pat-
tiuniHiMul dinereut ways, li they
luul th money to do It wit It. Tlieu
why talk of over production!
XA J'VKA 1. OPWJirCXlTtK&,
Several of our mider,' Itaitub
beans as well us IHunwrutM, were
not quite suiti of our induing lu
the pantgmph rvferriug to ''natural
opportunities" lu lust week's
paper. Natural opportunities in
clude everything in nature which
will in auy way promot the com
fort and happiness of human beluga.
The earth is a vast storehouse, from
which we trtke the things necessary
to keep life in our bodies. There
can tie no life without access to
land. Now while the product
of the saver mine are not, strictly
speaking, essential to life, yet silver
is a great couveuicn oe,aud its rarity
and properties give it a value
lieyoud that of many other metals.
Mines are "natural opportunities'
because they are uot created ortitt
cially. So is any piece of ground
natunvl opportunity. All that we
claim is that for the privilege of
using these natural opportunities to
the exclusion of all others, those
who use them should bo made, to
pay the rest of the people a fair
proportion of the profits, lu this
way it would to impossible for any'
one to keep laud out of use, for
they would to obliged to pay the
rest of the ihho1o the rental value
of the land or mine whether they
used it or uot, and It would hardly
pay them to let it stand idle if they
were taxed its full rental value coo
year. All we wish for the Idaho
mine is that the owner to forced
to pay the state the full rental value
of the mines each year. Ami this
should to the case with all natural
opportunities. It is clear that all
cannot work silver mines, for there
are not enouuh of them. It is
equally clear that the owners of
gtMst mine can make more money
( ban can to made in most auy
other way. Now natural opisir
(unities ought to tolotig to all
alike, ami that all may get their
proportion of the benefits, we pro
pose to take the annual rental
value for the benefit of the com inn
uity. This fund would to ample
to meet all expeusosofgoveniiueut
and would leave us free to take all
taxes off from personal property
and from all forms of industry,
nro OJ1JKCT UZSOXS.
Most txxmle can rememtor when
(.liui(.e ,Jfor1, a..0llnML When
the high tariff tax on it was re
moved it was, selling for from 0 to
f I an ounce. Now it sells at Ironi
forty wuts to fifty couts an ounce
retail. For ten cents a much qui
uine can be bought now as was
sold for 1 1 under Republican tax
The "'protective" price of quinine
at retail was .1,000 per ceut (ten
times) higher than the present price
under free trade.
In the case of sugar, as in that
of quiuiue, the reduction in the
retail price has followed at once
after the removal of the tax on the
wholesale trade. The iucre.iso on
the dollar's worth of sugar at re-
taif is a notable one, but the price
of sugar is still higher than
would be were trudo in tablo sujar
as free as it is in raw sugar. The
tax of $10 a ton against the itnpor
tation of table sugar has not pre
scntcd a remarkable fall in price
as a result of free trade in raw
sugar. It is not liigu enoiign to
allow the sugar trust to restore
prices to the old limit and hold
them 't here, but prevents the accu
mulntion of foreign stocks . in the
market. If there were no tax to
keep out foreign tablo sugar, the
cheapening of sugar would be as
great as the cheapening of quiulno.
The effect of a tax on trade In any
article, no matter bow small the
tax, is to increase the price of the
article. If the trade in clothing
were put on the same basis as the
trade in sugar, the effects would to
'he same, A dollar would then
buy what it takes at least $1.50 to
With such object lessons as these,
all must see the effect of high tar I II
THE, SINGLE TAX.
Comparatively few people know
what the single tax on laud values
is. The best answer is, It is simple
justice, Single taxers do not bo
lieve in taxing industry so long as
sufficient amount of money to
defray the expenses of government
cin to raised from any other source,
It is plain that a tax on industry-
that is, labor tends to enhance' the
price of everything taxed, and just
in proportion as the price increases
so , win consumption uocrease.
Now if consumption decreases, the
number of men employed will
inevitably be less, and as fewer
men find work, wages will go down,
No one can gainsay so self-evident
a proposition. Now land has a
value that is due solely to the pros-
sure ot population. As population
increases so laud values grow.
Until two men want the same pioce
of land, it has no value; when two
or more men want it, its value is
measured by what it will produce
when put to its best use. A farm
in one of our remote mountain val-
eyswill produce as much, other
things being equal, as one that,
adjoins this city, but its value is
not so great, lieeause of the Increased
cost or getting the crops to market
nuUtdy, And lu some degree to the
Inherent dislike of human beluga
to tir In isolated place. Take
the people away from hero and the
land that is worth from $75 to f 100
per nor will be worth nothing.
Then, as land is given Its value by
alt the people, Its value should
belong to all of them, and all taxes
should to laid ott the value of the
tore land, exclusive of improve
menu of every kind. This would
reduce tuxes in the country to a
very low figure, and lu the larger
cities naturally increase them.
For Instance, a farm worth $50 an
acre would probably in its wild state
only to worth $-0 or $-5, or cveu
loss. It Is the value of the wild
land that we would tax, and i
man's foiioos, houses, machinery,
stock, household goods, etc., should
not to taxed at all. The man who
Improves his property uow is
looked upou as a public enemy, It
would seem, for at once up go his
taxes, while he who uses bis laud
aa a thistle patch Is regarded as a
public toucfactor, and his taxes
are only nominal. Our plan Is to
reverse all this. We would do away
with all these taxes on a mau's in
dustry, and only tax that value
which by right belong to the whole
people, because it Is solely to their
presence that it is due. Several
Southern stutcs have exempted
manufacturing industries from tax
at ion for a term of yearn, and the
result has been a phenomenal in
crease In the number of factories.
Thiuk what an iucreose woubl
result if their products were for
ever to remain untaxed, and thiuk,
also, what great tonctlts Would to
derive!, not only lu putting men
to work, but In cheaper goods.
WAGES AT IIOMKSTEA P,
The OrrjosMis and the "me too"
high-protection sheets throughout
the country keep up their rldicu
Ions stateiueuts stout $5 to $10
per day wages at Homestead
These being highly protected lu
dustrios, they seek to show the ton
eflt of high tariff to the working
men. r.veryone Knows, However,
that no such wage are paid there,
Mr. J. D. I n man, of this city,
who recently came from Uie Fist,
ana was tor a uumlier of years
employed in the iron and steel
works at Reaver Falls, Fa,, thirty
miles from Pittsburgh, says "state
menta that such wage as are men
tionod above are paid, are toyond
all reason. Workmen are paid at
certain rates per ton of produtit,
and rollers and puddlers, who
are the best and highest paid men
in the shops, only average $-S0 p r
mouth. From these the pric s
range down to the "brogan" work,
which is doue by foreigner-!, most
ly Bohemians, at ninety cents per
Mr. Iuman is a life long Rcpub
lican, but his cxijcricuce has
proven to him that the tariff af
fords no protection to the work-
ingmau. The manufacturer is the
only party protected or benefited
thereby. There being uothing to
prevent foreign lalwrers from com
ing iu by the thousands, tluse are
brought indirect competition with
American labor, reducing labor
to the starvation point
Then just before the election
day comes round the employers
go through the shops talking
of dull trade, and finally saying
to the workmen, "it all depends
on you whether we close the shops
or not." By this means the men
are bulldozed into voting for
high tariff. llimburg JinHetc.
XO IXEAXTllE XOXSEXSE,
It is creditable to Mr. Cleve
land that ho wishes to keep his wife
and baby out of this canvass. He
never wrote better letters than
those touching on these two sub
jects, and his position licsides being
right will gain him instead of
losing him votes. The "Baby
McKce" nonsense has prejudiced
thousands of voters against Presi
Hkkk is a budget of Mr. Richard
Croker's views expressed to the
Tammany committee of twenty-
four: "Cleveland Is going to carry
the country, and it won't do for us
to lose this state. We have got to
win." "I am convinced that Mr.
Cleveland is stronger with the
people than Mr. Hill would have
A GRAND EXCURSION
urday at 11.13 a.m., and returns on
Monday, at 1149 p.m.
ROUND TRIP, $3.25
Let Everybody Go.
been." "I am convinced that
Cleveland can carry the sialo by a
larger majority than any presi
dential candidate In a generation."
Mr. Ilourke Cock ran Is assuring
his congressional colleague that
New York will give Mr. Clove
laud T5, 000 majority, while Colonel
Fellows la confident that it will
uot to bus than f 0,(mh), Tammany
Is nil right and Kcw York Is a
pemocratlo state. Whim Boss
Quay got to New York he failed to
put up his $10,000 on Haul
on when he found a Cleveland
backer with $10,000 ready to put
against It i tit.
FuitTT years ago farmers owned
five eighths of the nation's wealth.
Thauksto the "protective" tariff
they uow own less than ouctlflli.
hi in i mi ii m .
"TUK tost ending possible" will
to the popular verdict In the Wib
sou matter. He hanged himself,
which Is probably the only good
thing he ever did.
Whkn the American tariff was
at its lowest point, our merchant
marine was the greatest in the
world. Now that we have a high
tariff, our shipping is all doue in
I. u ' '"I
Tiik Fugllsh and tlerman hop
crop is a failure, and as a conse
quence higher prices are pre
dicted for American bops this your.
Whether or not the price of lioer
will advance correspondingly Is
ItKCAt'HK Private lams . said
"Hurrah for the assassin," lie was
uot only barbarously mulshed but
is also debarred front till the rights
ofaeitUcu. He can now neither
vote nor hold office iu Pennsyl
vania. Young Americans will
thiuk twice tofore they voluuta
rlly Join an organisation lu which
such extreme punishments ere
inflicted for such trivial olleiim,
T m rautktua In Um tlioli of iwnli
eliio, M.tijr rt lnjurwl I7 Uyliin ti
firrlWllllU llb rotnMitltll UHitlltIg
Id Im IiIihkI iuHlWt, ti JirllH'lil
MMHinuitfinJaiiua uf UU-b would rin
to bo tlwlr 'VhcinoM.H Jlrinit liixlo
up ol worlliloM, ihuuuli imt nlw)
liiumlnw, lin;ri,l.ut, liny uf II
1 "i'hnp;" but, in Um d, llrojf ro
U.r. Tb itt rvllnlila nttttlU'luv urn
rtwtlj-, nail run Im rvtaitatt l mwl
urate prlroa, only tirn lh niiiu( iur
Inj rtwitiUt tmnilla Ilia raw intrrUl
Is larga ijuaoUllc. It I (M.unutujr,
Hie rj(ut, ,
. To Use O .
A Tuft arutt,'ltu. lb ruluablc atniunM
at whwh an imported, bule, bf Ihs
J. C. A jcr Co. from Uin rrKimn ahrra Mm
artiekt an rtrhott lu ailk-iul prrrtiM,
"It It a wonVr lo in thai aiijr elhvr
Uuut Atn Soiuialla hu a Iw In lli
avtrkvl. It poi'l'l iHHuullsil Itirir autt lu
IvrMt, Xh'J uW RuTi-r UM anyollmf i lif
It ! nut only lb btit, but, on uunt i'l lu
Mrenuiil iiwtgta and uitir. It Ii thn
MtMl tHwaHailral." Jutum If. I'tidj, I'tuj.
gl.l, W'Ablntou it., l'tuUruri. H. 1.
ir. A. I. Almond, lniKtl, I.lbtrly, V .
rtirti "IX4JIHI ti)rltant In tlili clly
Bartaparllla. I tit auld It fur iijlilwii
Iar, and li Iho lilhrt rrgard lur lu
"Alltiouth Ui lurmula U known to tin)
btulti, there can b na hiipwuIiiI UnlUtlon
ol Aypfi SrHiwUi. Wltlwul having lli
tnorinoua tarliaicat Um J. C. Aft Co., It It
Innowibla lor other partlr t (ul tngnlhrr
tuch valuabl Initcdivuu, at the low coil
tt ibuutt at Um bv4 o( all tlmllAr r'vl''
ttmu." Murk A. Junot, no yrt iiru(gll,
W Cainbrlilo tt., K Cambrlilca, Mm.
Dr. J. C. AYER & CO., Lowell, Miss.
Hold bjr all tlrul. I'riM SI j tli buUU..l.
I do irnrdcnimr and house clean
inc. and make a specially of clean
Inir and layintr cariM-ls, window
eanltig, whitewashing, etc.
Leave orders at AV. "O. Cook's
Nest aeminn txKinR on Monthly, the
luin nay or istHHomber, isir.'.
Four (vnirmw: oIiihkiphI, aoiPiitiflo, lit
ernrjr, unci a niiort iMigumi (Hiiinte, in
which there is no LhImi, (truck, Kminh
nor (IcrmHD. Too Kuulisli la iiro-emt
urnitly a tmnineHH nomne. i'oi riililiiKiii's
or otuur lurormiUKiu, iiilclrcnH,
J, W. Johnson,
lams bus sued (ieucral Hnowdeii,
Colonel Hawkins, and Colonel
Htreutor, for $10,000.
WlHUt we tollevetlmt weshoiild
mUm lo politic during
political tunes, as weglveHtteiitioii
to grain during harvest time, yet
weshouldj"keop our eyeon l'aieoj"
or In other words, we should look
to the general iuloreslN of build
ing up our growing' town, The
growth is already healthy, and
while we do nut believe in precipi
tating the growth of our city and
surrounding country, we' should
keep one shoulders to the wheels
of progress which we huyg already
put to turning. We have many
enterprises here now, and wo
should kIvo them our united sup
port, and also inaugurate new ones.
This Is a country of vast resources,
aud let us keep up the effort to
develop these same profitable re
Coins slid go to the ws ninth' to
morrow, lUm the arest Mcumlon mti In
tliamt, to-dtiy, .
I HriHi'n anv ui'Vaf) i rw iiu.ir-in n ir.i a" mv
miioiMBss, mvkk rnvri.tnTrt.Mri iiriOArnr, colds,
l'lll'l,, all SKI A mx-TlliM, s4 DlSEaftE ABIlSUfM
a DIHORDEKRf) NTOHACU.
r (;rnul, u. uin van it a u u i ymllow wrappjchs
ruA PwimiU ttynaiun of A'lf. PKKHt..
SrC"JTO4 a OO. Aatma. Sjui faatKmaa,
oi,n nv aix ivki'uuimtn i iwwrwa,
i.Mih.. ik tit Ann sYmmm
THE CITY RESTAURANT
The hoi h l-u m-nlly nilhl llirnuifliimt. The Ishls will 1 aprwtd
ttlih Ihn U-rt the iiiiifkcl nttunU. A tlmrw if your lnmi
la rc-m-trully milii-u.l. srjd
South Main Street, Independence, Or.
ELLA FENNELL, Proprietress.
You, griN-erj you
dry good merchant; you, pnictioil public,
ought to kuow that quality fixes price in
JKWKI.ltY as in the lines wllh which you
are more familiar.
when the notion store offers bracelets and
ear lings and what not, at half the jewelers
prices, you hesitate ami are ht!
no line in which you are so bojM'lessly ignor
ant of inlrinslevalueaslu rolled plutejewelry.
l!uy of the seller who KNOWS the value of
the goods be sells.
our gxtds in knowledge cf their real woith,
(Our stock of jewelry for
the Holidays was Ixmght
direct from the factory in
the Kast last mouth. It
will be the luigest assort
ment ever in this city,)
flie Oregon State Normal School
L iniif ,. I'm LrawJ
The Leading Normal School of the
A diploma from tho nuhool antitles ono
iu mi uiit
Normal, Normal Advanced. HnHinoaa,
Ailvntitauiia in Vocal nml liiHlniniciitnl Musiu,
A year at aohool for 8 Ml), 't'nition rediuwd to 0.1r Normal, and Mi Hnt,,.nnn.i
per term of too weeks. Board at Normal
i noma, l per wwk. Board and IoiIbihk,
tiful and beiilthfaJucatiou. No salooin.
oatslouue uddreaa p.
Or J. M, POWELL, A.M., Vine Praaidonl.
Make No Ml8tak9
tt ymi d-M, from whtl f "
lit tutrt or rxul uf "" U"
Ukt Itu4' Maraafiartlla, da St bt MnetS
la br nniwtlilni ! wlilch lali
to l " alwul Ilia tmn" of "! w-"
Uimumt mi VM Win twton fof . IS
It you to nun-baM wi iubUtiit Is wJ
mora imiBl ir bt tnaJa. rirwlr
liidueMiwiUs and Intlrt l "
wb.l y. Ud for, tUi StrMparlll
Tbts rM "ill s ba l"'HmUt'il IUi
arllrla, for lloud'i Siarllla U
' , TrM siul Tut.
In mi tlora lb "M IfM W Mum
lo buy Uwir own lil ' ll"n,, ' """l"
nlla. Hul In could sol ittU on mt la
ehtnsa, 1 told lilm 1 !'
Kutaparilla Wat, I btd Uk II, M pf
rwlly tall.llfd wllh It, and did not wl 't
nlhtr." Mwa, Ki.fc A. U"". M
Sliwt, ll.niim, Miii, o
iV Ara All Tnblntf It.
W Mld not bt wllbonl llood't "
trllla. It la Ilia bm SH-dUln f
kl Ut tba h...i. My ftmlly 'l '"
It. Witt J. M, fttnaKS, Sua JoanW ab4
rioiuoiit Stfoutt, Rbkum, Ctk
IM by SracaMa, fliiltfWSfc fmiiawdtaly
k, 0. 1, IHMiU A CO,, AtKrtbwarwt. Uwtll. Hatt.
IOO Dotot Ono Dollar
E. L. KETCHUM, M.D.
0Hlit and rwitrnr,miirf llallruaul and
finuTiMTin I Vfiui VuTinV.
BOARD OF REGENTS:
bonjimiin Seliofleld, PretMenti J, B,
V. lintler,SHiretiiry. Ex olllolo: flit Ex.
enlli y Oovnrnor rlylvealor 1'eunoyer:
linn. KjJI. MoKlroy, Huperintnntlnt of
1'ntilio tnatruntioii; llon.U.W. MoBride,
St'oriitnry of 8tnt! Hon. JsoobVoorheoa,
linn. A. Nolttior, J, O. White, Hon. W.
H. llolmea, Alfred Lnoy, Hon. V, W.
Haloy, llou. J. J. D.ily.
The Htiito Normnl ii a live school, rap
idly Krowinu, and eoniinmilly adding to
it CinilitliiK for the upeohil trainiUH of
timelier. Ita rndiinto are iu dumaud to
till ipmmI pimituina, A s in n ot eitjlity per
ui-nt in ntlombinee wiih made laat ytiBr,
An enrollment of 60tl ti sutieipsted for
tne next your, jnw numibera nave beon
added to the fiionlty, and additional
nppftrntiiH bus been aupphed,
to touch in any oonuty in the itate with
Muhio. nml Art Dnnnrlmnnia. Bnn.-i
Dining Hall, $M por weok; fnrnlshej
private fmmliea, 3,fi0 perwot-k. Ueaa
First term opena Hoptomber 20 For
h. CAMPBELL. A. B PreaLlnnt
Are headsuarttrt in Polk County for
Trae. m Pimps.
Biia llifiis, the Oliver Chilled ssd Steel Pb,
' . ajUB'nl Ibtca Ifodcr' Ub is! fc!si
LOOKING AFTER THE DOLLARS.
it It all rtahl ktl AITt lt tit alar, but If fm ixllj 4lrmu of aavlu Umn. jo.
U1 aavrviM a lltll auMiatii aii4 tniy uar ,
Schcal Btoh, Tablets, Inks, and School Supplies.
. SEWING UACHINES. OflBINS. AND PIANOS.
mm. W. II. 'hrl-r. It pi.!, no tniihrt li 111 thai if yr k.4 after lit IUr nam, ibrf
mil luufe alter yuii wltra )oo nd ili'ir aid.
CONFECTIONERY AND TROPICAL FRUITS.
W. H. WHEELER,
Tour attention to our line of clothing,
which has been greatly reduced by
our jS per cent reduction sale, but
we are still able to satisfy our cus
tomers in this line, as well as in
Summer Dress Goods, lite Goods,
Ginghams, Parasols, Underwear, Hosiery,
WALL PArEtt ....
GOODS DELIVERED , . . .
hS3$S? gSlS ST 8et8' wi p,eoe ,ttruUure' WB" paper
. . riUCIS RIGHT