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About The Oregon mist. (St. Helens, Columbia County, Or.) 188?-1913 | View This Issue
ST. HELENS. OREGON, FRIDAY, APRIL 20, 1891.
THE OREGON MIST.
INMILKU EVKIIY I IIIDAY MOHfUNa
THE MIST PUBLISHING COMPOT,
, OAVK DA VI 8, Manager. -
OFFICIAL COUNTY PAPER.
Ono ropy on, year In advanc. .....tl W
(Mi mjiy six mouths M
Single cjopy , , , ;
ProfeM.lnniil cards on. year ........
(liicuoluiuu one year...
Mull tmluiuii tin year
quarter tioliiiiiu u yunr
On. lui'li una inuiilli ..... .....
One I mil three iininllin, ...........
One I ii ul nix iiKMillia
Local notice., 15 'enlsir line (or Ural llier
lion; intuitu per Una lor .ach subsequent In
Legal advertisement, il.M mr hull fur llrnt
linwrtluii, ami 76 cents per Inch (or each sub..
COl.llMlllA COUNTY 1)1 ItliCTOUY".
Judge .....lfc-en ni.iwh.nl, Italulor
ClurV. K. K. Qiilrk. H . Helen.
Hlierlir... T. C. V..IU, St. Illi .
Truaaur r ...K. M. Wh.rton, Coluintla City
811111T0I Schools ...T. 4. (Heelon. dnlkaii a
AHwir W. II. Kyscr. hy.nr
Surveyor A. B. i.ll(lo, llnullou
, , . H. U. Hi'liu wimf, Varnonla
Commissioners u w ,,,, yulticy.
Maoieir N.I Ice..
Masonic HI, Helens Lodge, No. M-Regular
onininiiniimtlons llrst .ml third Saturday In
each month at7:H0r. M. .1 Masonic hall. V lull
ing member In good landing Invited to at-
'"MAnomiJ.-Raliilar Lodge, No. SI-HUted
meetings Hatiirday on or before each full moon
at 7:1W r. a. at Maaunlci hall, over' lllaucli.rd'a
tore. Visiting members In good standing lu
'vlied lo attaint,
Oiiii Kai.cowa-Ht. Helens l.o.)na No. 117
Meets .very Hstiitday ulglil .1 7:!. Trn. lent
urethral! In good alaiiitliig cordially luvhed lo
Down rlvvr (Imat) ciliwaa .t H X0 a, M.
l'i. river (boat) Woe alt r. a.
The mull for Varnonla ami Plllidinrg leaves
HI. Helena M..iday, Wednesday ami Krllny at
S a. a.
Th. tnall for Marshland. Cl.tuk.ulo .ml Mlat
. laavaa quliin Mouday, Wednesday and Friday
at 12 M. ,
Mall. (railway) north oloae .i 10 a. a.; fur
Portland at II r. a.
Trar.lc.ra' .iilde III ver Hassle..
H-nuNSkO. W. Wiui-kii Uaves Ht. Helen;
for I'orllanil ai II A. a. Tim lay, Tliursdav and
Saturday. I.eaie Hi. Helens for ('lalak.nl.
Monday, Wi-doewlay and K'rlday.t:0D a, a.
' Mtba.ku In i.i. l.oa Ht. Helena for I'ort-
land 7. en . a, iiuiniliia. aU:S0r. a.
Hrataan Joa.i-H KKI.1.000 te.vHl. Helena
for I'oriliuid dully xcwit Hiinday. at 7 A. a., r
rlvliiK ul I'ortlHiid at 10 HO; rulnrniuK, leave
Forilauy at I l'. a., arrlvlim at 8t. Ilel.ua at 4.
jrjR. H. R. curt,
rilYSlClAN and SUR0E0N.
Bt. Helens, Oregon.
jtt. J. K. IIAI.U
PHYSICIAN and SURGK0N.
ClalNkiiuie, CuIiiiuIiIh county, Or.
81. Hi'lona, Oregon.
Comity surveyor. I.nncl surveying, town
plRllintt, anil engineering work promptly
For Inf nrmatloa vrA free Handbook wHt. to
MI1NN A CO.. ICil Ull.lAl.WAT, N.w Voaa.
f)IJt bureau for aeoiirlnij patent. In Aiiiorloa.
Kiery patent taken out by u. I. brouaht b"for.
tb. pubJIg by . nuUoa slan (raa of snarl, la Ui
9 mntmt &nttvm
format elrenlatlim of, any aetentlflci papfr ta th.
wurld, Biileiiilldly lllintrMacl. No liilolllaent
"Waiif ''i'S'if a
Ire.. MdVcn k Q(U
tuaLuiisw. SOI Mroadwaj, IC.w York Oct
, ui. v nif.i.t Ii. AilriraM Mil
The Overland Routs.
Two traliu dally, leav
-.Grand Central Uopol.
Va 4 ICI'liA l.lmltpfl
i CT.at Malt lAMVltlO Iftl
r. a , carrlua VeHtl
Ihnle l'ollniaii I'alac.
isieepltis and Dlnins
r c;ara ana tree necMiiiina
Chair Cara throuan
from Portland to Clil-
..an Win nmitioil IClllffM.
without ehanee. Thl. train m u.ru,
nci'Llnne fur Lenver, Kan.af City, W. Loula,
lli'lioia, II u tie andHt. I'ltiil i alaoi'arrle. Ihroiiah
I'll inmn Hleeiwr and Chair Car for Walla Valla,
Colfax, Karnilnston, Korkfc.rd and Spokane,
niHklni direct rotineialoni for UayUni, Com
eroy, Miwoow and Ciour d'Alene.
No. , " Overland riyer," lav g at : A. a.,
.HrrlcV Pullman Palace and Tourl.t Hl.ra
from Portland toMlaaoiirl river wlthoutehange.
Through train, arrive at TM a. a. and r. a.
r " ruu 'o'ckan bTKAMKIIH-MAY.
Oregon..,...May 4, 16, id
Columbia May 8,20
regon .-r rX.": :XY . "A...
mate May IV"
. The oomvany reieryo. ... ...... .
TToM "NB W ASTORIA KbUTB-H.ru.
inu boat leavoa roriiauu uuy, ......
it 7 A i I rotnrnlng, leave. Aalorla dully, ex
ei't Hiinday, al r. a. Night boat leave. Port
i dailv exceid Haturday, al P. a.! return
g leave. A.tur a dally exeepl Sunday, at 8 a.
h g'T he morning boat from Portland make,
i.tull a. on the Oregon aide Tuesdays, Thnra'
dyi afd Hat, rd.ysi on the Waahlngton aide
'Monday., Wedneaday. and Fridays. rom As
V.?ia Hi. morning boat makes landings on the
ami on the Washinglon aide Tuesday., Thurs-
dSJ"ScADK ROUTK--l.e.v. Ash street at (U a.
A.tiX TTiicioDt Hiinday; returning, leave limine
Si y;f wTr , arriving at Portland at r. a.
ViT0 DAYTON AND WAY LANDINUS-Mon-
.''all OTHER 8t.am.ri leave from s(-itral
.. . i . Solentlfto Amerlctn
' AQenoy '
H A Yjr TRAOI MARKS,
3 miz&B i
TIMBER LAND STEALS.
Special Agent Inquiring Into
the Alleged Frauds.
WASHINGTON'S HEALTH BOARD.
IU Secretary Addmaa. Latter to th.
Phy.lcfan. Throughout th. State
Tfa. Haul Heml-Annual Moating; Will
Taka Place at Spokane on May 1,
Oi.YMPiA.Dr. G. 8. Armstrong, 8eo-
rHlmrv fl the Mlata. ltna.r1 nf Haltti. hu
' addressed a letter to the physicians
.throughout the State, m follows: "I
am in.trai'tod to inform you that the
....... i uii.. j m.i.
in., nvii.i-itiiiiunt uiwiii wt kiio amw
Hoard of Ileal th will take place at Spokane
the evening of May 1, 1804. This meeting
will take the form of convention. The
Slate ilo.nl desire, the nreience of all
the health officer! of the State, to take
part in the dincnaiiion opon the varioua
qucation. uirgoated. The objects of the
I I'let'ting are the entahli.hment of closer
relation, between local and State Hoards,
the coinparikon of views, the presenta
tion of facte, the discussion of practical
method, relating to the prevention of
Illness and doatii and the improvement
of the conditions of the living. Among
,the subjects which it is expected will be
' presented and discussed are the follow
" 1. The prevention of consumption.
" 2. The education of the people on
" 3. The restriction and prevention of
scarlet fever and diphtheria.
"4. Reatriction and prevention of dan
gerous and communicable diseases from
the standpoint of the School Board, the
minister, the health officer, the lawver,
I :... ........ ...,! tl.aCICtu Un...l nf Uulll,
" 5. Contagions diseases of cattle.
"B. l'ropoMed legislation.
"Authors of papers are requested to
limit them to fifteen minutes, and pa
pers are expec ted to lie original contri
butions, which, when used, are to be the
property of the convention and be left
with the Secretary. Perrons proposing
to be present should notify the Secretary
of the subject of his paper More the
27th instant. As the State Medical So
ciety meets May 2 at the same place, an
opportunity is presented for attendance
at doiu meetings. -
WAHIIINOTON'H NKW CAPITOL.
rears That the Appropriation Will Re
vert to th. Treaaury.
Olymi'U. The Capitol Commissioa
meeting set for Tuesday last did not m t
terialize, and the reason assigned was
that Judge Burke was unable to leave
his personal business in Seattle. An
other meeting is set for Tuesday next
These unaccountable delays at a time
when every day counts have become very
annoving to those who desire to see the
builtfing (airly under way before another
session of the Ix-giBlatnre, and the post
ponements from time to time without
apparent reason have had a tendency to
make even tne most sanguine lose laun
in the ultimate commencement of work
on the new Statehouse. Certain it is
that personal' assurances have been made
by those in power to prominent Olym-
Slang that the work would be fairly un
er way before another winter seta in,
but springy is now so far advanced with
out anything having been accomplished
that thoughtful persons are now unable
to see how any amount of work could be
accomplished during the summer even
were a plan agreed upon immediately,
for the reason that much time must nec
essarily be consumed in summoning the
architect, making the specifications, ob
taining contractors' bids, advertising,
etc., to say nothing of the blocks that
may be placed to stay the wheels of
progress in the way of injunctions and
other legal complications. There are
now twanew Commissioners, who have
never seen the plans, and time must be
granted Thomas Burke and J. S. Allen
to make a personal examination before
they can be called upon to make a choice.
Taken all In all, the prospecta for a new
capitol are not particularly bright at
present, and certain it is that $126,000
of the appropriation will revert, to the
treasury on May 1 next
FROCKKDIXO MOT PREMATURE.
Important Chinee. Decision
by Judg. Morrow. . .
San Fbancibco. Judge Morrow has
rendered an interesting decision in the
case of Chew Heong in the United States
District Court. Proceedings were insti
tuted to secure deportation of the Mon
golian as an ex-convict under the provi
sions of the act of May, 5, 1802, as
amended by the act of November 3, 18118.
John T. Dare on behalf of Heong con
tended that he was entitled to the full
period of sis months to register; that
therefore the proceedings were prema
ture', Judge Morrow in an 'elaborate
opinion states that the defendant al
lowed the year to expire in which he
might have obtained a certificate of res
idence under the act of May 6, 181)2. He
had an opportunity to secure evidence of
his right to remain in the United States,
but he declined to avail himself of that
opportunity. - So far as he 1b concerned
the act of May 6, 1802, is In full force
and effect, and he Is subject ,to be de
ported from the United States, because
he failed to obtain a certificate of regis
tration as required by that act. -It is
true that Congress extended the period
for obtaining a certificate of registration
to certain persons, but not to the defend
ant. - Having been convicted of felony,
he does not come within any of the priv
ileges of the extended period, and can
not now or at any time hereafter obtain
a certificate of residence nnder its pro
visions. This proceeding is not there
1 NKW COUNTY WANTED.
Wahkiakum and a Portion of Paelfl. t.
Astoria. The question of uniting the
south portions of Pacific county and all
of Wahkiakum county is being agitated
among the people of that section ol
Washington. The matter was thorough
ly canvassed during the1 iast session Ol
the Washington Legislature, and the pe
titions circulated were signed by over
four-fifths of the legal voters of Wahki
akum and the peninsula in Pacific coun
ty. The matter of the passage of a gen
eral law regulating the dividing of older
counties and the formation of new ones
will be brought forward when the Legis
lature meets and a stubborn fight made
in behalf of the plan proposed. The
new county thus organized will have a
population of over 6,000. ' Easy access
could be had to all parts of it on account
of its geographical situation, whereas at
present it requires from two to five days'
time for those people living in the ex
treme southeast portion of Pacific county
to reach South Bend, the new county-seat.
CALIFORNIA HOP STATISTICS.
Lata Cultivation and Cloao Trimming
Cause Poor Root.
Sacbam into. California has had an
exceedingly mild winter, and the pros
pects for a good hop crop should be very
bright, but they are not in the vicinity
of Sacramento. The roots were in an
unhealthy state, and many thousands
have been used for replanting old fields.
The stock is decidedly scarce. The cause
of the poor roots is ascribed to late cul
tivation and close trimming. Conserva
tive estimates place the increased acre
age at about 20 per cent. The present
dry weather is detrimental to new plant
ings, especially those on high ground,
but the dry weather has forced the roots
and the ground is covered with vines at
this time, giving assurances of an early
crop. The quantity will depend upon
the amount of rain within the next fif
teen davs, and at the same time the
yards along the Sacramento river will be
helped considerably by the present high
AN ASYLUM MY8TKKY.
toward , of the Htellaooom Institution
' Konnd to Have Been Poisoned.
Tacoma. Representative Joseph A.
Shadle, Steward of the Steilacooin In
sane Asylum,-died on March 3 suppos
edly of apoplexy. Coroner Heska issued
a death certificate naming that disease
as the cause. Later there were rumors
of a mysterious death, caused partly by
the death of the wife of Dr. Kedpatli at
the asylum last July under somewhat
similar circumstances. On March 17
Hhadle's body was exhumed at Waus
seon, ()., and the stomach sent for anal
ysis to Dr. W. I. Hamlin, a Ietroit
cheuiiBt, who makes affidavit that he
found atrophia poison sufficient to kill.
The affidavits received here have created
great surprise. Prosecuting Attorney
Snell says he will probe the mystery to
the bottom to see if a crime has been
committed. Asylum physicians say Sha
dle died of apoplexy. No motive for
poisoning or suicide is known.
Hiring of Teacher, by School Boards.
. Tacoma. Judge Pritchard has ruled
that School Boards need not wait until
the annual elections in order to hire
teachers for the school year commencing
in September, but contracts made prior
to the annual elections were subject to
curtailment to the minimum term it the
electors so voted. This is the point con
tended for by the teachers of the State,
who have been pushing the case. The
District Boards have also objected to
this curtailment of their power, and the
decision meets with general satisfaction
by both teachers and directors. The
State Superintendent in July last ruled
that contracts by the old board were
void, and this opinion was sustained by
the Attorney-General. The teachers
through Mr. Dewey of the Sumner pub
lic school appealed the case to the Supe
rior Court of Pierce county with the
above result. It will probably go to the
Supreme Court. All the teachers and
School Directors of the State are watch
ing the case.
Timber Land Fraud..
Ahtohia. F. J. Parke, a special agent
of the Interior Department, is in the
city, with the object, it is understood, of
Investigating the alleged timber land
steals in this county. The manner in
. a Unntat.. .vrirl l,at.A fnrmArlv
WIIIV.I v. . v ....... . ..... . , j
represented by M. M. Ketchnm, acquired
possession oi tneir large noiuings in tun
Nehalem Valley will be particularly in-
sections of timber land purchased by
Ketcimm lor Montana people cos. mure
than 1,600 or 1,00 each, while some
w.m biu.i, rtxA at A mneli lover flflrllre. And
it is hinted that a number of parties
were paid by Ketchum to tile on timber
land with the express understanding
that the Montana people ehould have
the privilege of buying the land at a
Th. Panama Lino.
San Francisco. It is announced that
E. H. Hiuton. resident agent of the Pan
ama Railway Company, has appointed
the Johnson-Locke Mercantile Company
agent of the Panama steamship line. It
is understood that all questions of policy
.-ill AntAa. htr Hlntan. whn will re
nin vv J . I .. .. ---
main as special representative of the
Panama naiiwaytjoiiipany, miciuhuouii
T n..l. rWnnanv at tutu i no. in thA traffic
and shipping portion of the business
under Hinton's directions. It is also
announced that the Portland branch of
the Johnson-ljcke Company has Just
been appointed agent of the Northern
Pacific line of steamers to China and
Japan. . :
An Infernal Machine.
Rah Francisco. A block of wood con
taining twelve copper tubes filled with
fulminate of mercury was found by Mrs.
John White. Mrs. White had put the
niece in her stove, and finding it too
large, took it out to the yard and cut It.
AS sue am so a piug -
. . ...1 (k. n.na.'t a Ion t Irtn fTlWtl
dravtau hiv nw,,n.i . hv..i....u... -
making an investigation she found it was
an internal macmne ana was evinenuv
..... tw.M 1h liAnuB Cltat alia alnncf wit.fl
pub iuniu in a "V"
the house would bo blown to pieces. The
i i . i. : r . 1 in lUi.
police lia.O Clio linn ill., uiwiiiiic ...
1 . . .. nM 1., In..... fil o JV1I1 in i, .
pOBHUBniUII, a I IV, I VJ lu i'.,' u v. ... .........
luting enough evidence to connect it with
some one. " " ; '
Warrants Called In. '
Oiampia. The State Treasurer has is
sued a call for warrants on the general
fund from 2,621 to 2,656 inclusive. The
aggregate amount of the can is iia.
264.P6. No interest will be allowed after
April 21. , , ;
Sal. of Stat School Lands.
Olympia. The State Land Commis
sion has authorised the sale of school
lands in Clarke and Yakima counties, to
i take place May 26.
MINERAL LAND CASE
The Interests at Stake Said
to be Very Large.
BUREAU OF INTERSTATE BANKS.
Th. Bill Introduced by Representative
Perry Bank. Authorised to Dapo.lt
With tho Treasurer Interest-Bearing-Bond.
a. Security for Clrculatloa.
Washington: City. Representative
Perry of Connecticut has introduced in
the House a bill to establish a bureau of
interstate banks. The bill authorizes a
bank to deposit with the Treasurer of
the United States as security for circu
lation "any interest-bearing bonds is
sued under due authority of law by the
United States or any State of the United
States, or by any county, or by any mu
nicipal corporation located within any
such State." It is provided that the
Comptroller shall pass upon the charac
ter of the bonds, and that they shall
meet certain prescribed conditions. A
bank having an authorized capital, stock
of not exceeding $150,000 shall deposit
bonds of par value of not less than one
fourth of the stock, and larger banks
shall deposit not less than $50,000. The
United States does not guarantee the
circulating notes as tinder the national
banking act, but holds the bonds as col
lateral security and is authorized to sell
them if the bank goes into liquidation
at what they will bring. The notes,
moreover, shall constitute a first and
paramount lien upon all the assets of
the bank. The provisions for redemp
tion require redemption in legal-tender
United States coin upon the presentation
of the notes, and also require a reserve
of 25 per cent of lawful money of the
United states. A central redemption
agency is established in the office of the
Comptroller of the Currency, and the
banks are reauired to keep there 6 per
cent of their outstanding circulation for
the redemption of notes winch may drift
too far from the locality where the bank
is established to be presented for redemp
tion at its own counters. This redemp
tion fund differs from that under the ex
isting law by being required to be kept
in coin instead of lawful money.
OYSTERS FOR WASHINGTON.
State Klah Commlaaloner Trying; to Get
. Kaatern Oyater. to Plant.
Washington City. James Crawford,
Washington's State Fish Commissioner,
is endeavoring to get a supply of East
ern oysters to plant in the waters of his
State, and has jnet written again on the
subject to the United Mates fish uom
misHioner. When Colonel McDonald,
the United States Fish Commissioner,
was on a visit to the Pacific Coast last
vear he made an examination of Willapa
Harbor with a view to establishing an
experimental station there to determine
whether the Eastern oypter would prop
itmte in those waters. The information
which he obtained concerning the saline
character of the water, the native food
and other advantages were consid
ered satisfactory, and lie then decided to
send a sufficient supply to make a test
of transplanting and propagation. Fish
Commissioner Crawford now asks that
the promised supply be doubled ; that
when the shipment is made to Willapa
Harbor as nianv more may be sent to
Olympia to be placed in Oyster Bay. Mr.
Crawford promises to see that competent
men take charge of them, and that all
suggestions and directions which Colonel
McDonald may make relative to their
proper treatment are carefully carried
ont. Mr. Crawford has also written to
Senator Squire and enlisted his aid in
the matter. The Senator believes both
shipments can be obtained without much
trouble. Commissioner Crawford has
also made application for a loan to the
State of Washington of one of the large
government aquariums at the Midwin
; MINERAL LAND QUESTION.
Supreme Court Now Hearing; Argument
In Thl. Important Case.
Washington City. The full bench of
the Supreme Court has been engaged in
hearing the arguments in the case of
Harden vs. the Northern Pacific Rail
road Company, which comes to this court
on appeal from the Circuit Court of the
district of Montana. The question is
whether the lands ascertained to be min
eral lands after the grant to the railroad
company are to be considered the prop
erty of the company, Congress having
excluded mineral lands from the opera
tion of the grant. The company insists
that only mineral lands are excluded
as were known to be mineral lands
at the time of the grant, while counsel
for Barden asserts the mineral lands ar
excluded up to the time that the patent
was issued. The government is uphold
ing the case of Barden, who was repre
sented bv Solicitor-General Maxwell and
W, W Dixon, James McNaught and J.
J.Carter appearing for the railroad com
pany. The principle laid down by the
court in its decision of this case will have
sn important bearing on other mineral
land contests in Montana, and the inter
ests at stake are very large. Most of the
mineral lands along the Northern Pacific
in Montana, Idaho and Washington will
be affected by this case.
Dbtroit A decision has just been
handed down by Judge Swain of the
United States Court at Detroit against
the Michigan Central railroad, which
will have a sweeping effect in railroad
circles. The decision sustains the patent
granted to E. D. Cody October 27. 1885,
and owned by the Consolidated Heating
Company of Albany. N. Y., covering a
heating system used by the Michigan
Central, known as the Martin apparatus.
The decree grants an injunction against
further use of such steam heaters, and
orders an accounting. The decision af
fects nearly every railroad in the coun
try using steam heating in passenger
Ramsay a Rear-Admlral. :
Washington City. By the retirement
of Rear-Admiral Benham Commodore
Ramsay became a Rear-Admlral. He
had been for the past five years chief of
the navigation bureau of the Navy De
WASHINGTON CITY NEWS.
The bill extending the jurisdiction of
the State of Wyoming over the Yellow
stone Park has passed the House.
An old case has just been decided,
which gives Norah Simpson a quarter
section of land near Astoria. The case
has been in litigation many years.
The Secretary of the Interior has laid
before the Senate an elaborate report
from the Superintendent of the census,
giving a list of sugar refineries that re
fused to furnish statistics to the census
agents, chief among which appear those
of Harrison Frasier etc Co. of Philadel-
f hia and the Bavemeyers of New York,
t appears that legal proceedings were
directed to be commenced, but that in
view of the completion of the statistics
before such proceedings could be con
ducted to a finish the Department of
Justice was notified not to proceed.
Pendleton of Texas has introduced in
the House a proposed amendment to the
rules providing for a count of the mem
bers present and not voting when a roll
call has developed the absence of a vot
ing quorum. The rule is to be surround
ed with the necessary safeguard to pre
vent the counting of members from ac
cident or intention who were not pres
ent when the question was put or came
in at some time during the pending roll
call. The rale is not applicable to mo
tions that may be determined by a vote
lees than a quorum.
Naval ordnance officers fired two shots
from the big thirteen-inch gun at Indian
Head proving grounds the other day,
which proved to their complete satisfac
tion that the gun is probably unsur
passed for all practical purposes. The
object of firing the great rifle was to test
the nickel steel projectiles, each weigh
ing more than naif a ton. The target
was a twelve-inch nickel steel plate, and
both shells went entirely through it, one
of them breaking to pieces and the other
remaining intact after it had cleared the
plate. The Carpenter shell was unhurt
by the operation of rushing its half-ton
mass through a foot of solid steel, which
is exactly what the ordnance officials
have been looking for as a means of test
ing the seven teen-inch armor for the
battle ships. These testa were therefore
only preliminary to the trials for the ac
ceptance or condemnation of the heavi
est armorplates yet made in this country.
The Secretary of the Interior has ad
dressed a letter to the Attorney-General
recommending that the contemplated
suit by the government to secure the
cancellation of patents issued many
years ago for the San Fernando private
land grant in California be abandoned.
An examination of the abstract of title
to the grant reveals the fact that these
lands have passed by various means of
conveyances into other hands than those
of the original grantees. Whatever the
equities in this case may be, they are
stale. In regard to the policy to be pur
sued by the government in attacking
this and other Mexican grants in Cali
fornia the Secretary says he does not be
lieve that any general policy could be
formulated. The government will of
necessity have to be controlled by the
facts involved in each case; besides a
due regard for the sacredness of onr
treaty obligations should invoke caution
before proceeding to take steps to cancel
so solemn an instrument as a patent of
Horace Brewster, a resident of the
United States, but whose postoffice ad
dress is Ladner, B. C, has camped for
some time now upon the lighthouse re
serve on Point Roberta, which bit oi
land in American waters the Canadian
government would like very much to re
gain. Mr. Brewster thinks this govern
ernment, having never made any use
of the land and not evincing; disposition
to do so now, ought to give him the land
on which he has squatted in return for
the improvements and cultivation which
he has put upon it. An interview with
Hon. Daniel Lamont, Secretary of War,
makes it possible to assure cot only Mr.
Brewster, but the Canadian government
likewise, that the United States proposes
to hold this little piece of land which
juts out into the Sound from the main
land of British Columbia, regarding it
as a very important strategic point and
one that might be of great advantage in
time of war. In the meantime there is
no particular objection to settlers going
npon this land, so long as they do no
damage, but it might be well for all such
to remember that while on that land
they are subject to all the stringent Fed
eral laws which have been enacted to
protect property and preserve order npon
military and civic reservations of the
General Wade Hampton, Commis
sioner of Railroads, has submitted to
the House Committee having supervision
of the matter sundry memoranda on the
various pending bills foe a settlement of
the debt of the Pacific railroads to the
United States. From these memoranda
it appears that the Commissioner is op
posed to the foreclosure of the lien on
the roads and the management thereof
by Congress, as proposed by one bill, but
is favorably disposed to the maintenance
of the sinking fund and the payment
into it of a larger proportion of the net
earnings. He says that on the maturity
of the debts of these roads these forms
of settlement with the committee will
be presented, from which a choice must
be made, vis.: first, foreclosure; second,
maintain the sinking fund and require
that a larger percentage of net earnings
be paid into it; third, refund the debt.
Discussing the question of foreclosure,
he says: "A foreclosure of the lien, it
is admitted, will not satisfy the debt,
and the sale of the subsidized roads un
der decree of the court would not realise
more than enough to cancel the amount
of the first mortgage bonds, in which
case the United States would be required
to lose its claim or buy in the liens and
pay off the first mortgage indebtedness.
Railway management by Congress, be
sides being opposed to the settled policy,
would not only be a doubtful, but a dan
gerous experiment. It could not well
be diverted from politics, associated as
the latter is with the attendant danger
of a corruption of the civil service. This
alternative therefore should be rejected."
Under the second form of settlement he
says the sinking fund may be maintained
and a larger proportion of net earnings
be required to be paid into it, so that
not only current interest may be met,
bnt the principal of the bonds gradually
diminished. This proposition, he says,
has already been recommended for adop
tion in the form of a proposed bill which
was submitted to the Secretary of the
Interior for transmission to the commit
tee. Concerning the question of re
funding the debt the Commissioner
points out that the Frye Senate bill in
troduced in December, 1891, is the tame
as the Brown bill introduced in the
House at this session of Congress, and
which provides for the refunding of the
FEMALE THROATS CUT.
Outrages Upon Native Pris
oners in East Africa.
WAR ON KING KABBA REGAS.
Noted Slave-Maker and Trader I. King
of fjnyoro, and Ha. Devastated Vast
Tract, of Country Ha 1. Defeated by
tho British Foreea.
London- Advices received from
Uganda under date of December 7 say
that the British Fast Africa Company's
forces met those of Kabba Regas, the
most powerful chief of the district, and
defeated them. The fight lasted tbree
hours, after which the enemy fled, leav
ing fifty dead on the field. The British
forces in Uganda recently declared war
against Kabba Regas, King of Unyoro.
King Kabba Regas was considered a vas
sal of'King Mwanga of Uganda. He re
fused to acknowledge this or pay tribute.
The power of King Regas at one time
was great, but tyranny and cruelty have
weakened his hold on the natives. He
is a noted slave dealer. His native bands,
equipped with firearms obtained from
the Arabs, have devastated vast tracts
of country, driving the - peaceful people
into the mountains and forests and kill
ing and making slaves of them. As
Kabba Regas is said to have many na
tives in slavery, a march into his terri
tory by British forces would seem to be
one of the probabilities of the near fu
ture, the plea, being apparently that
Kabba Regas' capital is a place where
the Arab slavers find an asylum and
headquarters. Thus it is apparently
safe to presume that the kingdom of Un
yoro ruled by Kabba Regas will soon
form part of the territory of Uganda,
over which the British government is as
suming a protectorate.
4 '. .
.DEATH OF A PEER.
Tho Notorious Marqul. of Ayleabury
Die. In London.
London. The Marquis of Aylesbury
is dead. He owed fl, 250,000. He mar
ried Dolly Lester, the music hall singer.
His title falls to Lord Henry Augustus
Brundell Bruno. The Aylesbury estates
are entailed, and therefore the uncle who
inherits the title also comes into the es
tates, including Savernak Forrest. It is
said Sam Lewis, the money lender, loses
heavily by the death of the Marquis, al
though he holds policies amounting to
500,0 X) on the life of the deceased no
bleman. The Marquis of Aylesbury was
one of the most notorious men in the
British peerage. His family are the di
rect descendants of Robert Bruce, and
own the celebrated Severanke estate.
He chieflv distinguished himself in his
younger days by driving down Cheap
side dressed as a coster-monger with a
donkey, and lately was ruled off the race
courses in England on account of cheat
ing. Latterly he tried to sell the estate
to a rich brewer for 700,000, but through
the efforts of his family the. sale fell
War In Balmy Iale..
Auckland. Advices from Samoa nn
der date of March 28 say that sinceearly
in March there has been bloody conten
tion between rival native tribes, and al
ready over thirty natives have been
killed and fifty cruelly maimed. It had
been hoped that there might be a peace
ful settlement ol the intertribal differ
ences, and it was with that end -in view
that the warring factions submitted their
chiefs to a trial before Chief-Justice Ide.
This peaceful method, however, came to
naught. The 10th instant the two fac
tions came toeether in actual warfare.
On that day a otachment from the Aana
or rebel party ambushed a number of
natives of Faasaleaga, Salvaii, who are
understood to oe supporters ot tne gov
ernment. Several were killed. News
of the outbreak was received here dur
ing the progress of a consultation be
tween th President, Chief Justice and
New Atlantlo Cable.
London. The steamer Faraday has
left here with a portion of the new cable
of the Commercial Cable Company,
which is to be laid from Waterville on
Ballingsked Bay, coast of Ireland, to
Nova Scotia. The taraday Is not large
enough to stow the entire cable, which
will be about 2,000 miles long, and the
process of laying it will include the drop
ping of about 400 miles of cable on this
side of the Atlantic, then the placing of
another 100 mites on the other side and
flnallv the snlieincr of both nortions with
the main part. The new cable was made
by Siemans Bros. & Co. (limited) of Lon
don. The Siemans have guaranteed the
Commercial Cable Company that this
one will afford 83K per cent improve
ment in spead over any cable the com
pany now has in use. This means that
thirty words a minute may De sent.
. A. Cruel Leader.
Bkrun. Extracts from the diary of
resident of the uameroons were pub
lished here recently. The writer charges
Assessor SSchlau, the uovernor s substi
tute and leader 6f the Bacoco expedition,
with ordering the throats of old female
prisoners be cut. Three of his prisoners
are said to have died of hanger. Twelve
others were bound to the railings of the
chip for days without drink, completely
exposed to the tropical heat and with
worms breeding in their wounded legs
and arms. When half dead they were
shot., It is reported that Herr Leist,
Chancellor of the Cameroons, who 1 an
swerable for the recent floggings ; Major
Wrochom, the acting Governor of East
Africa, and Major Prancots; command
ing in Southwest Africa, will be recalled,
! The Army I. Ready.
London. A special dispatch from Vi
enna to the Daily News says that Gen
eral Baron von Schoenfield, commander
of the Second Army Corps, speaking at
a banauet given bv the Mayor, took oc
casion to threaten the Socialists in a
manner which provoked a sensation
among his hearers. He said among
other things : " Yon may be ashamed
ot onr assistance when the battle begins
lor tne existence oi society and the pres
ervation of property. When the bour
geoise stand in the front row to resist the
attacks ol the lawless the soldiers will
come- to their rescue." In view of the
fact that he is in the confidence of the
Emperor the effect of bis speech is greater
than otherwise. 1
THE PORTLAND MARKET.
Whsat-Valley. 85c: Walla Walla. 75
70c per cental. '
LIVI AND DREH8KD MSATS. '
Bssr Top steers. $2.60(32.75; fair to
good steers, $2.002.25; cows, $1,750
2.25 ; dressed beef, 45o per pound.
M ottos Best sheep, $2.26; ewes,
Hogs Choice heavy, $4.00; light and
feeders, $3.75; dressed, 67c per pound.
Vbaij Small choice, 6c; large, 84o
Eastibh Smokid M.ats and Lard
Hams, medium, 1212.!c per pound;
hams, large, ll(a,12jcj hams, picnic,
1 1 l o . V w f- V .. -ioa,iK.. .1.
clear sides, 9llc; dry salt sides,
910c; dried beef hams, 1213c;
lard, compound, in tins, 8glUc per
pound; pare, in tins, 10)jll)6c; pigs'
feet, 80s, $5.60; pigs' feet, 40s, $3.25;
HOPS, WOOL AND HIDES.
Hors '93s, choice, 12i13j'c per
pound; meditlm, 1012e; poor, neg
Wool--Valley. 1010!c per pound;
Umnona. 10(oH0c: Eastern Oregon, 4
7c, according to quality and shrinkage.
Hidxs Dry selected prime, 6c , green,
salted. 60 pounds and over. 3Jc: under-
60 pounds, 2 3c ; sheep pelts, shearlings,
iviiui;, uirAiiuui, vyijv , nii nwi,
3060c; tallow, good to choice, 33o
VLOUR, FEED, ETC. '
Floor Portland. $2.55 Salem. $2.55:
Cascadia, $2.55; Dayton, $2.66; Walla
Walla, $z.w; enownake, sz.oo; uorvai
lis, $2.65; Pendleton, $2.65; Graham,
$2.40; superfine, $2.25 per barrel.
Oats White, 8233c - per bushel ;
erav. 30 32c: rolled, in bags, $5.75a
6.00; barrels, $6.006.25; in cases, $3.75.
Millstoffs Bran, $1316; shorts,
$1616; ground barley, $1618; chop
feed. $15 per ton : wh le feed barley, 60
70c per cental; middlings,. $2328 per
ton; chicken wheat, 65c$1.15 per
Hay Good, $1012 per ton.
DAIRY PRODUCE. '
R Orficron fannv creamery. 20O
22)tc; fancy dairy, 1517ic; fair to
ood, iz gl4c; common, iuc per pound ;
California, 3040c per roll.
Chess. Youns America. 12(8 15c :
California flat, 1415c; Swiss, im
ported, 30 32c; domestic, 1618c per
. Eggs Oregon, 10lle per dozen.
Poultry Chickens, mixed, quoted at
$4.00 ner dozen: ducks. 14.00ffl5.00;.
geese, $7.00 8.00; turkeys, live, 12(3 13c
per pound; aressea, i4(s toe : . ,
VEGETABLES AND FRUIT.
Vegetables California cabbage, ljc
per pound; potatoes, Oregon (buying
price), 40 45c per Back; Early Rose,
for seed, 8090c; onions (buying price),
$1.752.25 per sack;- sweet potatoes,
$1.752.00 per . box ; California cel
ery, 8590c ; artichokes, 60c per dozen ;
California lettuce, 25c per dozen; Ore
gon hothouse lettuce, 35(50c ; cauliflow
er, $2.75 per crate, $1.00 per dozen ; para
ley, 25c per dozen ; string beans, 30c per
pound; asparagus, 67c per pound;
rhubarb, 45c per pound; peas,67c;
encumbers, $1.50 per dozen.
Fruits California fancy lemons, $3.25
4.00; common, $2.003.00; Sicily,$5.00
(S 5.50 per box; bananas, $1.75(32.50 per
bunch ; Honolulu, $3.00(33.50 ; California
navel oranges, $2.60ig3.25 per box; seed
lings, $1.752.00; Rose, $2.75(33.25;
Malta blood, $3.00; apples (buying price),
green, $1.00(31.25; red, $1.251.75 per
Cannid Goods Table fruits, assorted,
$1.75(32.00; peaches, $1.752.00; Bart
lett pears, $1.7502.00; plums, $1.37(8
1.50; strawberries, $2.25(32.45; cherries,
$2.25(32.40; blackberries, $1.86(82.00;
taspberries, $2.40; pineapples, $2,260
2.80; apricots, $1.65. , Pie fruits,
assorted, $1.20; peaches, $1.26; plums,
$1.00(31.20; blackberries, $1.25(31.40 per
dozen. Pie fruits, gallons, assorted,
$3.153.60; peaches, i$3.504.00; apri
cots, $3.60(34.00; plums, $2.763.00;
blackberries, $4.25(34.50; tomatoes,$1.10.
Meats Corned beef, la, $1.50; 2s,
$2.25; chipped, $2.40; lunch tongue, la,
$3.50; 2s, $6.7S7.00; deviled ham, $1.50
(32.75 per dozen; roast beef, Is, $1.50;
2s, $2.25. -
Fish Sardines, Jsfs, 75c$2.25; &s,
$2.16(34.50; lobsters, $2.30(33.60; sal
mon, tin 1-lb tolls, $1.25(31.50; flats,
$1.75; 2-lbs, $2.25(32.60; Ji-barreL $5.50.
BTAPLH GROCERIES. '
Coffer Costa Rica, 23c; Rio, 22 (323c;
Salvador, 22c; Mocha, 26)i28c; Ar
buckle's, Columbia and Lion, 100-pound
Drud Fruits 1893 pack, Petite
prunes, 68c; silver, 1012c; Italian,
810c; German, 68c; plums, 6 10c:
evaporated apples, 8310c; evaporated
apricots, 15 16c; peaches, 12(3 14c;
pears, 7llc per pound.
Salt Liverpool, 200s, $16.60; 100a,
$16.00; 60s, $16.60; stock, $8.50(39.50.
Syrup Eastern, in barrels, 4055c;
in half barrels, 4257c; in cases, 85(3
80c per gallon ; $2.25 per keg ; California,
in barrels, 2040c per gallon; $1.76 per
SooAjr D,4c; Golden 0,6c; extra
0, 6 J-ic ; confectioners' A, 6c ; dry gran
ulated, 6c; cube, crushed and pow
dered, 6o per pound ; Jc per pound
discount on all grades for prompt cash ;
maple sugar, 15(3 16c per pound.
Rice No. 1 Sandwich Island, $4.50$
4.76; Japan, $5.00(35.25.
Beans Small white, No. 1, 3Jc; To.
2, 8c ; large white, 8)c ; pea beans, 8.' ;
Eink, 8c; .bayou, 3 'c; butter, 84'c;
ima, 4,c per pound.
Pickles Barrels, No. 1, 2830o per
gallon; No. 2, 20(3 28o; kegs, 5s, 85c per
keg; half gallons, $2.75 per dozen; quar
ter gallons, $1.75 per dozen.
Spicks Whole Allspice, 1820c per
pound; cassia, 16(8 18c; cinnamon, 22(c4
40c; cloves, 18 30c; black pepper, 15(3
22Vc; white pepper, 20325c; nutmeg,
7580c. , . -
Raisins London layers, boxes, $1.75
(32.00; halves, $2.00(32.25; quarters,
$2.25(32.75; eighths, $2.50(33.00. Loose
Muscatels, boxes, $1.50; fancy faced,
$1.75; bags, 3 crown, 4 (35c per pound;
4 crown, 55c. Seedless Sultanas,
boxes, $1.75.(32.00; bags, 68c per
pound. - ' i
CORDASR, ... .
Manilla rope, l in. cir. and up, lOu;
manilla rope, 12-thread, diam., 10!c;
manilla rope, 6 and 9-thread, and 5-16
diam., 11c; manilla bail rope, in coils
or on reels, 10c; manilla lath yarn,
tarred, 9c ; manilla hawser-laid rope well
boring, etc, 13c; manilla transmission-of-power
rope, 14c; manilla paper tw ine,
11c; manilla spring twine, 14c; sisal
rope, lli in. cir. and upward, 7c; stsnl
rope, 12-thread, X diam., 7tc; nihal
rope, 6 and 9-thread, 1 and 5-16 (lia.au.,
8c; sisal lath yarn, tarred, 73ic; hop
vine twine, tarred, 7c; aiaal f&tytt twiiia,