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About The Oregon mist. (St. Helens, Columbia County, Or.) 188?-1913 | View This Issue
If ion waiil first-class Juti wort
' If yon want tHttTpstcili
" COUNTY AFFAIRS,
AT LOW PRICES,
Leare ?onr qrdsrs at this oSIcb.
OonnoutiotiouooofXxOftnniionnouuiH o w
ST. HELENS, OREGON, FRIDAY, MAY 13, 1892.
r . ji
JVLLir. WlLUVtiLy TAH& YOU
1 1 vinuTE;i
7tf rw iw prmmwmjB en stump
MAKno a flfv. "avnccnop
ATA WTiNflfrmiiT YEAR
w onvunr nM 'Ajdtuii fc. -Si" " WB
kho.po5talTom iwjiHATw cArAugyB,
MITCHEL!., LEWIS & Sf AVER CO-
' MACHINERY & VEHICLES,
- NEW MARKET BLOCK, - PORTLAND, OREGON.
THE OREGON;'.1 MIST.
IMM'EUUVKMK PltsDAl MOHli.
THE HIST PUBLISHING COMPANY,
J. R. BEEOLE, Manager.
OFFICIAL COUNTY PAPER.
'. ' Rkarrlpti Hall. :' r'
. On. oopy on. year I hIvmui. ........ II M
Ouaropy ) luuuttia .. - "J
SlD) coiJ... - -
Profraalonal eardi on. year
Oaovotmuu fiun year....,....,
lUlf column una year
(luarier column ou yew,,.,
Ou in h cm month. .....,,.
On. Inch thrr. months...,.
Ou. iurli all moiul.s
total puilcn, Is cents pur lln tot, drat Inayr
tioni 10 eont par llii fur each, suumkjusui In
rtlrm. . .
Una! rtvlaennmt, It.M per Inch lor Ural
nrtUni, and tt ceuls pat lucb lot reb auba.
COLUMBIA COUNTY DlltKCTOUY,
J Hultw, ft. Helen
Until, of arltools
A .-sv-or , .......
,K. K. Quick, HI. Helen
'ih Mimker, H. Hewn
W. Cole, . UaU-na
.. U. Wall i. KeaiipAoa.
.C. F. I'un. Haliiler
. A. H l.hiie, haluicr
. . .... v..n...H. .
Il-rari nil tuiiivm.j
Society , Nolle)..
M tannic. -PI- Helen" lxliio. Ho, t-Rular
niittiuiffiulaiia Ur ait.t llilrtl
. aaktui.ulh Ul.lM . U. Ul MltaillllA Ittll.
ina luanibani lit owl aiaiidlug Inrtlail to
MtaoNIC.-Halliler 1.0-lit., No. Sl-ltl
WMiinx. Jmtur'lnj oiior Ulorecath Hill moon
. MlHr.i al JtuK-Milr kail, ovor Ulan?haM a
lor. VUIUuk uia.iiUr. la noun alaiuuui la
McJ to allalKl,
u I '.HI. . . 1U-14M
1 ' Down rtr.r ('') 1o at I !W a. a).
. t.. jl. ..Ilt.lnt.. Ml I I at.
" Tlia ill t.ir Vcriioula aud Wttahura- i-ar'W
Ml. Hvl.ua tUndiu'. We4eaday aliU rrlilay al
t'ia!' mall for Slarahlamt. riataV.nle ) Mlai
Iuvmi Qiilnii atonuay, auiay .im rnoay
Uallarrnltwatl ilorltt clus a' 10 A. W.l lur
I'oriiaUri at r. M. - . - "
: TraiT.lera OttUa-olllvrr
KTma(l. W. IIHAvrn-Uavoa 8t. Helen,
tur Portland al 11 . Tuesday. 1 bnradav and
Kiltintav. Iavjt HI. Uleu for clal.kanla
Monday. Wod'Httttay .d KtiHuy at t .m A. M.
HTCtMCH lmi,OA-lava 8t. Helena for Port
iiuiii i-.ik a. u. iiiunilin at a to r. . .
Htkahk. oarr Ki.tn U.veaBt. Htna
ir PorlUnd dally til Munday. al 7 A, r
n.in.mi l-ortland at 10 SO: returning, leave
mrilanv al I r. .. wrlvlnn at ttt. l.l at.
jjU, II. II.' CLICK)
rilYSlCIAX and SURGEON.
8U Helena, Oregon,
JU. J. E. II ALL, i
PHYSICIAN and SURGEON.
CUttikattl, Columbia county, Or,
8tr. Hklchi, - OnF-aoK.
IVputy Dlalrltt Attorney (or Column! Co.
NOTARY PULBLIO and
. Maygrr, Oregon.
A, MuBmb. A. 8. DafsiiR.
cllRIDfi A DBK8HEK,
Promt ntUntlon g Ivcn landBlc. bualrjea.
SURVEYOR AND. .
. CIVIL ENGINEER,
. 8t. Helena, Oregon. .
tl.nnty aurveyor Lund aurvcylng, town
lilatllng. enKlneeng work promptly
J. W. IAFE.
, CRN BY A DEAPER,
: Oregon City, Oregon.
Tw.lv rnn' xprlenr Regtitw of
th Unlw4 Btat. Land Offlc. here, rwomj
r.,.nda ua In oil. aneclalty of all kind of
tiualiKH befor. Vi Unrl Otft.ie or th
Conrt( and (nrolrinf the Oenral Und
OiHoe. : .
Farm s Rl i
; Engines, Boilers, Wagons, Buggies, Etc, Etc.
PriCGS the LoWCSt.
Oregon City, Oregon.
( special agent of General land nftVe. ),
H ,rue-U'nd, t're-i mption, and Timber
Laud application, and other La in I Ofhvs
business a ae aliy. Ollice, accond floor,
THE ITEAHKR ;
la now n .kltii regular round
OAK POINT TO PORTLAND
Daily Except ....Wednesdays,
Uaviko OAK POINT...
" tiTKI.LA ........
I K AI.A M A ....
" "H'f. 1IKI.KNS
. 4 40 A.
. . H:(
AkHiVK fcTEI.LA .,
.1:00 P. M.
W. E. NEWSOM.
1. S. ( LOMXGER, Prop'r.
BT.' HELENS, OJttEGON.
Liouors and Cigars. Beer 5 Cts.
Billard aid Pool Tabla
for CK fleaomvacAaUon of PatroM
Portland Seed Co,
(F. W. MILLER, Mgr.,) ..
' a-DBAUUtl IS
Fertilizers, Bee Supplies,
Spraying Apparatus and Material,
Poultry Supplies, Etc., Etc
171 Bi cond St. Portland, Oregon.
Send for Catalogue nov20-6m
; BLUE FRONT
One Price Cash Store.
DBAI.ER IW ;
-. TINWARE, ETC.
Ladies' Fine Shoes
PATERT MEDICINES, i
RAINIER, i r V OREGON.
A. H. BLAKESLY,
-Proprietor of .
Oriental : Hotel.
8T. HELKNS, OREGON. ,
Tb hone has been totiy remroiauwi
tnrougnOHt. ana vnw un) vi nw,u
modationi wiH b given.
CHARGES . BEABONAt$i.Ji.
STAGE run in connection with
the hotel oonneoilngwirh the Norih
rn PH Itailroad at Milton. 8iag. ,
(or Taoom train 10 p. m. o ronua
trut ai l. am.
IX JIi JLIjO
II RJlach inery
ST. HELENS HOTEL
J, George, Proprietor.
Tnblc alwuya anppllcd wlib thrbet edibles
and dclicaclea tbe market allbrd.
FOR REGULAR BOARDERS.
Having been newly refurulihod, e
are prepared give latiffuctlon to all
our patrona, and aolicit' a iliare ot your
i -OO TO
JOHN A. BECK.
The Watchmaker and Jeweler,
- FOE YOUR V
ELEGANT : : : JEWELRY.
Tht rinoKt aaaorrment of Watchc , Clucks,
and Jewelry ot oil dcscrlptiims.
Oppoalte the Esm'in'l, Portla d Oreeon.
A. new an1 complete trealment, conalsllng of
ppoMit:taa, iiiiiintenia in cApaiiiea, aio in
box and Hllla: a Pnaltlvo rnre for Kxleruul, In
Icrnal. Blind and Uloellnx. Itching, liuonlc
Heeent or flertdltary Pile, and niaay oilier
dlaeavea ana female weakneea: It la amaysa
great benallt to the ceneral health. The llrat
diacovery of a medical cure render! nr an utera.
lion uith In knife unncreaanry herimfler. Tliia
Homiviy liu never been kiumn to full, flier
box. for II; aeiu by mull. Why aurler from this
terrible dlxeaao whon a written guarantee la
aiven with 6 box., to refund the inonev If not
ourl. hnd atamp for freeSumpi. Ouarnutee
taauedhy Woopaku, Clarke. it l.'o., Wholeaale
and Retail brugEhta, Sole Aircuta, Portland, Or.
Clean Beds and the
Best Table Set.
MRS. M. J. SCOTT,
' (Formerly Mrs; SIVNuity.)
. '., Next Door to MiuKnic Hull,
ST. HELENS, OREGON
OF COURSE YOD DO.
SrCH BEING THE CASE, It behooves
. v. o to llnd tbe moat dfirable place to
purcliae vour ' inigirator."
Keep constantly ou hand Uie famous
Cuban Blossom Cigars.
The finest lino of Vine I Iquora and
Cigar to b. found thiaaide of. l'ort
1 land. And if you wish to
tngug in a gam. of
POOL OR BILLIARDS,
They can assure you that they have the
neai lauie in tuwik jcvoij aiinn hvw nu
neat, and your patronngo ia renpectfully
,8t Helens. Oregon.
Kucklen'. Arnica . .. .
Th Beat Salve la the world forCuta, Bruises,
Sore, Uloera, Sail Rheum, Fvcr Sores, Tetter,
Chapped Handa, Chilblains, Corne aud all skin
Ernptlona, and poaltlvely euro Filea, or no pay
required. It ia guaranteed to give perfect aatla
faction, or none; refunded. Price it cents per
box. rot Sale Dv Kdwln Koaa.
One Dollar Weekly
Buy a good gold watch by ouclub sys
tem. Our 14-karut gold-tillpdcaseaare war
ranted for vears. Kina Klgin and Wnl-
tham mvcirent, Hiem wind ana act.
Ladv's or gent,' aize. Kqtinl to any 50
watch. 'J'oaenure agents where wa have
none, we sell one of the hunting ca-e
watches for thacinb price $28 and send C.
0. i. by express with tirivilegeof examina
tion before ylng for tlie sam.
Our agent at Durham, N. C writes." '
"Ourlewelora ha confeaaed they doa't know
how you can furnish such work for the money."
Our agent at f oatto Springs B. 0. , writes :
"Your watches take at slarht. Th aentleman
who got the bun watvh aaid that he examined
and priced a leweler a watches in Lancaster,
that war no better than yours, but Ah price
was 14ft." .(.
Our agent al Pennington, Tex., writes!
"Am In receipt of lb. watch, and am pleased
without measur. Allwhohav seen U say It
would be cheap at 110."
Ona good reliable agent wanted for each
place. Writ, for partioniars.
Eurnta Watch Co., New York.
A TRUE COMPARISON
Protective United States Leads All
Other Nations ia Progress.
Our Increase of Population and
Wealth Compared With That
of England. ' .
PY THOMAS II. Dl'DLRV.
i-very civilized nation ruiaos sonm
portion of it revenue to curry on ita
government by a tariff levied itpou ils
imports. There are two system under
which this is dune. One is culled
tariff for revenue only, which is the
English system, and by them culled
free-trade; the other system is, one
where' the tariff, is levied in ancli a
way as to protect luhor and develop
the resources of the country. This i
called a protective tariff. Tliey may
vary in degree and extent, but all
Uriffs are levied and collected uuder
one or tho other of these systems.
England, though claiming to have free
trade, raises next after the Unilt'd
Suites more revenue by her tariff than
any other country in the world.
England built up her manufactur
ing industry under the most severe
aud rigid system of protection lh.it (he
world has evor seen. In some instan
ces she not only prohibited importa
tion, but prohibited the export of
machinery undi r a penalty and pushed
lws to prevent tlm emigration of her
expert or akillod labor. She carried
protection i-o fur that in some instan
cos it was made a puuishnble offense
even to sell or uee commodities manu
la 184C elio repenlod her corn law
and itloptod the other syRtcm, a tariff
for revenue, or, as slw culls it, free
trade. Some other nations of Europe
for a time followed England iu bei
system of free-trade, but these nations
have all abandoned it and returned to
the protective system ; so that today
theie is no .free-trade civilized govern
ment in the world except England.
England as a free-trade country thus
stands alone. Even the English colo
nies, which Bhe has planted time to
time in different parts of the globe,
have all udoptedtbe protective system.
The protective system was adopted
in the United States in 1S6I, and has
been in operutioa since tliat period to
the present time. : The people of Eng
land are opposed to our system and
have manifested their opposition and
displeasure to it iu many ways, more
especially in tho McKiuley bill. They
are anxious for us to give tip protec
tion and adopt their yteni, a tariff
for revenue only. They want us to do
this so as to enable them to manu
facture (or us all the commodities we
require, and which we now make for
ourselves, and give the work to the
people of England. The effect of this
would be to give the English all the
profits wo now earn and all the wsges
we now pay to our own people. They
are determined it possible to force us
to adopt their system. Their writers
and papers are hard at work; among
other things they have established the
Cobden CUtb to educate our people y
the publication of books, pamphlets,
etc., and the distribution of free-trade
medals in our colleges. '
The leaders of the democratic party
seem to hate joined hands with the
English, and are doing what they can
to a:d them in breaking ' down ' our
protective system. , They appear to bo
more anxious ki help the English than
to help our own people, and are will
ing to adopt the EnglibU system a
tariff for revenue only even jf it does
transfer our manufacturing Industries
to England and take the work from
our own people and give it to them. -Let
us look iuto the matter, apply a
practical test, and ascertain, if possible,
which is best for our people and the
country, the American or the English
system. I have already stated that
the English system of free-trade, as
they call, it, was adopted and put in
force in England about the year 1846,
and that the American system of pro
lection was established by congress in
1861. We thus have the example of
tbe two systems in operation by the
two natious 'at the ; same lime since
1861 the American in the United
States and the English system in Eng
land. Which system has- worked out
best and proved to be the most suc
cettsfulT In other words,' which nation
has prospered most England under
her' so-called free-trade, or the United
States under protection? An examin
ation will give us the facts, and the
facts will speak for themselves.,' ... 4
.. By the official statistics as published
by the English parliament in the year
1874, the acreage of wheat in Great
Britain was 3,630,300 acres; In 1890
the acreage in whett had declined or
shrunk to 2,386,330 acres, being a loss
of l,243,9o-l acres, more than one-third
in the 17 years. Wheat is regarded a
tho standard crop,.' and is, therefore,
I a ken as the . representative agricul
tural product.; ; , . :
- The acreage In permanent psattir-ige
in 1S74 was 13,178,012 acres; in 1890
the permanent pasture luniU bad in
creased to 16,017,492 acres, an in
crease of 2,839,480 acres in permanent
pasture over cultivated land'. To this
extent had agriculture declined. The
average harvest in Great Britain is only
about 70,000,000 bushels of wheat per
year, less than 2 buahels per capita. In
the United States in 2891 the yield
was over 9 bushels per capita. : s
. The population of the United King
kom in 1881 was 34.848,842 ; in 1891
it was 37,740,283, the increase being
8.2 per cent., the smalleal percentage
of increase for the lust 30 yeara, while
in tlie-Uiiitcd Stales from 1880 to 1890
the increase in population was about
25 per cent.. The iMipulation of Liver
pool, on j of the chief commercial cities
of England, in 1881 was 552,508; in
1891 it was 517,951, being a lots in
population during the 10 years of over
34.000 people. , '
Fiom 1876 to 1890, the lest 15 years,
l he balance of trade in her dealings
with other nations was $7,773,432,432
ugain?t England, , That is to say, in
her dealings with other nations Eng
land has paid for what she hi bought
from them 17.773,432.432 more than
she has sold to them. During the
same period the last 15 years the
balance of trade ia the dealings of the
United States with other ' natious has
been 11,650,445,146 in our favor.
General Booih, in Ins book, "Dark
eat England," recently published, says
oiie-teuth of the population of Eng
land are paupers." : '
, The depression in the trade and in
dustry in England was so great that
n 1885 the government appointed s
royal commission of twenty-three per
sons to inquire into aud report upon
the extent, nature and probable causes
of the depression in the lradeand the
business of the country, and whether
it could be alleviated.
'. This commission, after taking more
than a year to investigate, and after
the examination of many witnesses
and making a most thorough and ex
haustive inquiry and examination into
the matters referred to them, made
their final report to the government of
England on the 2Wday ot December,
1886. , The report of the minority is
dated Dumber 22d, 1S8G. While the
commissioners differ upon many sub
jects as to the causes and the remedies
to alleviate the , depression, all agree
upon one question, to-wit, the gteat
depression then existing in the trade
and industry of the country. ! There is
no question about that; it was too np-
pu-ent to be denied and is admitted by
II. But they differ about the carise
of the depression and the measures
necessary : to remove it and revive
trade and business. Among other sug
gestions made it is a little remarkable
that tin minority iu their report rec
ommend as a measure of relief a pro
tective tariff. None of the recom
mendations of this commission were
ever carried out, and things continue
to grow worse rather than better than
they were when the commissioners
were appointed,and today one-fourth,
of the mills, in" England are either
closed or working bu what they call
s!tort time," whilo the balance of
trade year by year and every year goes
on increasing against them, until it
has ma up, as has been staled, to the
enormous snni of over 17.700,000,000-
in the last fifteen years, and the sgri
culturalindustry of the country lias
shrunk one-third from what it was 20
years ago, aud is now nearly ruined,
and General Booth admits ' that' o ne
tful h pf their , people are paupers.
Such : is the picture that fiee-lrade
England presents today. ' ;
From English free-trade, as thus em-
emplitied in England, let us turn to
protection as it pictures itself in the
Uuited States. Our present protect
ive system, as has been stated, was es
tablished in 1861, aud has been con
tinued down to the present time. For
the first five years it had the war to
contend with; indeed, tbe business of
the country uud" all it trade and in
dustries were affected by the war for
some years after the actual termina
tion. But lot us make the comparison
between free-trade 'England and -protective
United States without taking
into account the loss of property and
tbe desolation and destruction ' oc
casioned by the war, and see how the
matter stands. The population of the
United (States in I860 was 31,443,321 ;
the Uuited Kingdom in 1861 (the tim.e
for taking the census) was 28,927485,
being a little over 2,500,000 less than
ours the previous year. In 1390 the
census ot the United States was 62,-1
869,286, and that in the United King
dom iu 1891 was 37,740,283. Ours was
about double what it was in 1860, be
ing an Increase of over 31,000,000,
while theirs was only" an increase of
8,812,798 from 1861 to 1891. The per
centuge of increase of tfttrs during tbe
past ten years, as has been stated, was
about 25 percent, and theirs in the
United Kingdom only 8.2 per cent.
. In 1860 the wealth of tho United
States was estimated al about 118.000,
000,000, and that of England at about
130,000,000,000, England then being
nearly double ours. In 1890 ours was
computed to be over 180,000,000,000,
and England's at alxml 40,000,000,
000. Ours, the increase being Over
140,000,000,000, more than three times
what it was in 1860, while Engl nd's
increase was only about $10,000000,
000. During the last 15 years the
bulanc of trade in our dealings with
other nations, as 1ms been slated, was
in our favor 1 1,650,445,146, while in
England iti her dealings with foreign
nutions the balance of trade has been
against her more than $7,773,000,000
In I860 our commerce (imports and
xport) smonnied to about 660,00O,
000; in 1890 it waaover $1,750,000,000.
Our internal commerce at the present
time is over $13,000,000,000. ; per year;
neaily equal to the externa! commerce
of all Europe put together. 5 ''; ' '-
The working p?ople of f the United
States have dj-positcd in the savings
iti-tituiions $1,528,445,506. In I860,
according to Mulhall, I he English eta
tifdicinn, the manufactured commodi
lies in the United Slates amounted to
$1,897,280,000, and those of England
to $2,792,680,000 ; the ' English being
at that time over $891,000,000 more
than ours In 1888 the same English
authority gives otir mauufuctured
commodities at $9,987,120,000 ar.d
England's at only $6,963,800,000, thus
making ours $3,000,000,000 more than
theirs, and showing the United Stales
to bo the largest manufacturing coun
try in the world larger than England
and France both put together. The
Western Union Telegraph Company
in 1869 had 75,686 niilet. of telegraph
wire in operation in the United Slates;
in 1S90 it had 678,997 miles ;of wire.
In 1860 (here were 30,626 miles of rail
road in operation iu the Uuited States ;
at the present time there are over 170,
000 'miles' in operation enough to
wrap around the earth ct the equator
seven times, and more than 1 there are
in ill Eurojie pnt together." This is
the picture the United States presents.'
.You have, the two pictures before
you England under a tariff for reve
nue only,' and the United States under
the protective system. . Which, do you
choose! ,The leaders of the idem'
cratio party seem ro Jmve espoused tbe
cause of the EngtiahT and want us'to
adopt the English'' system a syeteni
which has been .repudiated by every
Civilized nation ia the world, and even
by every colony that England has set
up. The republican party advocates
the American system of protection.
The question for our people to decide
is, which they will take: The English,
which has : brpusbtT-deprei6n and
ruin ; upon the V industries of that
country, or the American, which ..has
made us the most prosperous and the
most powerful nation in the world?
Sh'all we adhere to our own or give it
up and take the English? ' : ' -
If any one says our increase in pop
ulation over England is due to, emi
gration, I answer yes, it is partly due
to this cause," but not entirely. ' It is
true that do ring the 12 ' years ' from
1880 to 1891, inclusive, tour statUtics
show that 1.730.026 people emigrated
from the Uuited Kingdom ta the
United States to -partake and- enjoy
the greater proerity of our country.
They have loft 'their , depressed ud
pove rty-strieken f ree-trado' hAmes n J
come to us tu gut the benefit that
have grown out of our protective sys
tem. . Of thete people who emigrated
to us the largest number is from Eug
land and Wales. It is the English
now, rather than the ' Irish,, who are
running away from their country to
find houses to live in, and bread to eat,
in the United States;: Seven hundred
and fifty-seven thousand seven , hun
dred and sixty -rollr persons haye emi
grated from England alone within the
past 12 years-to this country,' ,; a
,: VVly "do these 'piople come here
from free-trade Ei.gland if their tariff-tor-revenue
rsystem is so good, and
England is so prosperous under it, as
nur leading democrat io "friends are
constantly tolling usT 5 I here is but
one answer, and that -'answer does not
speak "much for tile prosperity of Eng
land or the free-trade policy sho has
pursued; thcyVome here because there
is depression, ruin and poverty there
and pnaiperity aud. plenty in the
United Stales. - Will ax"" f our free
trade friends tell us how many American-people
have emigrated from 'the
United States to England during the
last 12 years , with -the view ot living
there to enjoy the "greater" prosperity
o! that country? It would be interest
ing to know.
Tbe Temperature Is Bslow tiis
Normal for tlie Past Week.
Tbe Weather Condition, are Favor
able for the Growth of Fait
anrl ftpring Oraln.
Oregon State Wealher Service in co
operation with U. S. Weather Bureau
of tho department 'of Agriculture.
CentralolRoe, Portland, Oregon. Crop
Wealher bulletin No. I, season of 1892.
For week ending, Saturday, May 7i.li :
' ' WESTEHS OttBOOK.
-' , ' i ' , . . .:
Weather The week opened warm
and bright and closed with cloudy
weather nud shower. More rain fell
in the southern than in the northern
counties during the - week. There
has been a marked increase in the
temperature, but yet it is below the
normal, caused by the cool nights.
Frosts occurred in sections on the
mornings of the 2nd. and 3rd. Aboat
normal sunshine prevailed.-A thunder
storm prevailed in part of the Wil
lamette valley on the 2ml. ! . v"
; Crops There Ua been a marked
growth in all vegetation, though it ia
yet several weeks later than usual.
The weather"' conditions improved
spring and fall grain, and allowed of
spring seeding". Oats ace b'e'ng put in
most counties The color of full grain
has tin proved.' : Hops are not coming
lip as' rapidly' and healthy as they
should. " Timothy has 'slow " growth.
Apple trees are iii blossom. Cherries
are as large as peas, but they do not
indicate a large crop. ' Vegetables are .
coming tip and they are very strong
and healthy." The farmers are' butr
plowihg i'nd seeding; ' The ' frosts Vf
tho past week did Of) damage, but the.
April frosts " did conaiderably ' more
damage than ia usually acknowledged,
though it dues not at present appear
as if there would be a deficiency in tli
fruit Prop,, Wild strawberrie are ripe
in the warmer and southern -counties,
while cultivated ones, are beginning to
turn color in JDouglas, Josephine and
Jackson counties. Warmer weather,
mure sunshine, and fewer showers are
needed to facilitate : tbe growth aud
development of all vegetation.
..!-. -,-.; EASTERN ORBOOS. '
i Weather Warmer' days have pre
vailed, though the' nights are cool.
causing the thermal conditions to con
tinue to be below the normal. Geir-
erul rains and "Snow occured on April
30th aud May 2iid, ' the snow, beiug
especially heavy in Lake and other in
terior counties; along the Columbia
river valley no 'snow foil. ' Frosts have
been frequent, doing no" dahiago ex
cept to retard growth. Ice formed at
Nansene, Wasco county, oil the 2ud.
Crops Fall and early sown' spring
wheat is getting along unusually well,
there is good color and good growth J
late spring seeding continues. There
has been a larger" socage than usual
of grain sown in every county, and at
present the prospects are better than
for years. The soil is unusually moist ;
for example, at. Hi'ppncr, where th
annua rainfall is about a small as
any wherein the state, ,ihe total pre
cipitation for March and April, '1892,
is 4.7U inches as compared with 2.47
and 3.11 inches in 189JL and -1890 re
spectively, showing considerably in
creased- moisture and especially : so
where an inch of rainfall means s
great deal ; a , corresponding increase)
exists in other sections. ..The farmers
are working suininei-fallow. Straw
berries are lipeuing; currants aro turn
ing color, and gnoMihirrios are in the
market around Te Dalles and Hood
River.,, Some small lots of wool have
been shipped, but it will .be several
weeks yet before this year's wool clip
comes tu, in urge quantities, loung
lambs are doing very well. '
i . j B. ,8. Pa;ti,
.5 Observer Weather ftureatt. -
Last week Simon Gregoire was' rtir
over by an express train on the Southern-
Pacific 1 "near1 Gervais,! ' Marion
countyand had both legs cnt off, from
Which ho died in a few minutes. ' In
investigating the' case the lioard of
railroad ',! commissioners ' find that
Gregoire was to' blame for. his own
death; that he attempted tt board
the forward end of the baggage car
when the train waa nioviug, and
ni'saed hi footing,' falliug under the
wheels. v""v '--' ''
: The supreme court has reversed the
decision of Judge Boise relative to
throwing sawdust, and other wood. ,
matter lutothe sireams of tbe state,
holding that the la ant passed by the
is vatii. and consequently it is unlaw
ful to dejae.il sawd ual or other wiid
mutter in ihe stream.