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About The news-review. (Roseburg, Or.) 1948-1994 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 7, 1952)
4 The Newt-R.lw, Ros.burj, Of. Mon,, Jaw. 7, W2
Published Daily Ixoprt Sunday ky h.
N.ws-R.vi.w .Company, Inc.
.tar. OfM. i f Mftreb . U'S
CHAKLIS V. STANTON IDWIN L KNAP
Mmr Hie Aioeltd M, Ort.M NiHMi PwMhkwt
-weh:!'':':: & --
l" Tn. IIIM ! Ml ' "
THE FIRST 100 YEARS
Fulton Levis Jr.
By CHARLES V. STANTON
We often hear the phrase, "The first hundred years
are the hardest." ' .... , '
If the nayinjr is true, Douglas county is entitled to
an easier time from now on, for today is the county s
The county's political birth . occurred Jan. 7, laoZ,
when it was created by the legislature of the vast Ore
gon Territory, which embraced virtually all of what we
now call the Pacific Northwest, including the present states
of Oregon. Washington, Idaho and part of Montana.
It w? s a sparsely settled country, with settlements
principally along the coast and navigable streams. The
discovery of gold in California led to widespread pros
pecting of the inland and the opening of gold mines in
Southern Oregon. Scottsburg became the point of entry
for supplies shipped by boat from San Francisco, destined
for mines in the Cow Creek and Rogue River valleys.
People began settling along the transportation routes.
Winchestsr was the ferry point on the supply line. Myr
tle Creek, Riddle and Canyonville settlements were grow
ing. Aaron Rose was promoting the townsite of the village of
Deer Ciesk, later to become the City of Roseburg. There
wag need for local government. So one of the first acts
of the 1852 legislature was to organize Douglas county.
County Rich In Historical Lor
Douglas county had its beginning in the mining indus
try. But within a comparatively few years agriculture,
particularly stock raising, began to predominate and con
tinued to lead the county's economy until only a few
years ago when we began to "mine" the "green gold" of
our forests, bringing the timber industry to the fore.
As W6 enter upon our second century of progress, we
find a promising era based on a timber economy, con
trolled, at least in part, by sustained yield policies, and
most favorably situated in time to conform to the new
pattern of fuller utilization of the resource.
The pioneer period of our county's history is rich in
historical lore. Concerned with growing pains, we have
permitted far too much of the intimate history of our first
century to escape. We have available the broad outline.
Of the minor events and the personalities who made
that history information is meager.
How many stirring tales of adventure must have been
connected with the overland freight caravans that carried
supplies, usually topped off with several barrels of whis
key, from Scottsburg to Jacksonville. There is a story
in the location and construction of the old military roads
ana the historically famous engineers who built them. Who
knows the story of the Battle of Olalla, the small-scale
war between whites and Indians, historically reported to
have been started by tli whites? What was the story
behind Fort Flournoy? Why did Camas Valley split from
voos county ana annex itself to Douglas county?
These and thousands like them would be interesting
tales if all the facta were known.
Historical Material Being Sought
The. Newt-Review is planning no special editions in
connection with the observance of our centennial year
except, perhaps, as a part of the official celebration
scheduled for Labor Day weekend. We do propose, how
ever, to publish, as epace permits, historical pages sim
ilar to the one appearing in today's edition. We are ask
ing the cooperation of our readers in furnishing us with
historical material. . Many of our older families have old
manes, letters and other data of historical interest.
laies ot pioneer incidents have been handed down through
generation. Interesting stories pertaining to historical epi
sodes or individuals are known to many of our people.
Yet these tales have not been recorded.
The Xewt-Revicw, cooperating with the late "Tarn"
murmur, appealed to Douglas county residents a few
years ago for help in recording the location and name
origin or aome of our early-nay post offices. The response
was especially gratifying and the information was of great
historical value and of rare reader interest.
We are hopeful that this appeal for contributions to
our historical pages during centennial year will bring
forth mujh nrevinualv iinnulilialinrl liniKrtaa -,,i,. v,:,i
ana we are asking the, cooperation of everv resident who
haa atlf.1 . It..
..no dui.ii mi iiinuuii. iv e hiso win oe aoie to use a lim
ited number of pictures. Articles need not be prepared
in form for publication. If authentic data is supplied, our
"" can, me material ior tne historical page
WASHINGTON President Truman's budget message
to Congress will forecast a surplus in the U.S. Treasury for
mid-1952. The President's forecast will be correct, but only
because administration planning for defense production is a
50 percent flop.
With $94,000,000,000 to spend, the
Defense Department will be fortun
ate if it ha paid out SO percent of
this for weapons, planes and ships
delivered to the fighting forces here
and abroad by the end of 1952. Air
craft production, for instance, is
10,000 planes short of Ihe 1951 goal;
guided missiles production is 60
percent below expectations and
tank production Is 35 percent be
Politics, bad planning and Air
Force Navy squabbling are mostly
to blame for the miserable defense
production record of 1951. Pro
duction of civilian consumer and
heavy machine goods surpassed
the 1950 level in most cases, by
contrast, and is convincing proof
that poor planning accounts for the
lag In weapon production.
The trouble is that not enough
metal, rubber, fuel and chemicals
have been funnelcd into defense
production. And the blame lies
with the politically timid in the
White House, where the prevailing
mood is that nobody should be hurt
by the arms build-up, least of ill
labor. To get tanks a few of the
factories making pots and pant will
have to shut down. But labor
wouldn't like that, and it hasn't
been done so far.
The situation has left the mil
itary with billions of dollars in the
bank still unspent for weapons
and with a White House demand on
its back for another multi-billion
dollar defense budget. In fact, the
Defense Department trotted to the
White House with a new budget-
for (50,000,000,000 which military
leaders are sure Is more than can
be spent by the end of 1952. Yet
the White House sent it back to
the Pentagon because the political
hirelings thought it was too low.
The Defense Department pays
for weapons only upon delivery.
Nobody expects a 50 percent in
crease in arms production during
1952, which is what it would take
just to empty the till of 1951 money,
"I guesi we go lo the other ex
treme," said the mother of voune
daughters one day," when w get
to oe parents ourselves, we are so
anxious to avoid what we think
were the mistakes of our own
"I never was allowed to loll
my side of things,"said another
mother, "and so when my children
were accused by i neighbor or a
teacher, I aways Insisted that they
hear the accusation. It was sur
prising, too, how often that very
thing cleared things upl Why
shouldn't child hear an accu
sation? Wouldn't an adult wish n
do so and speak in his own de
fense?" "I always felt my mother did
n't have any confidence in me,"
aid i third parent, "probably be
cause she was always telling me
about the penalties of doing wrong.
So with my children I emphasiie
my trust in tkem, and I don't hold
up before them mental pictures of
all the bad things they can set Into
Instead I stress the right and the
rewards oi doing right."
"Well, it was my father who al
ways trusted me," said another.
Often that feeling that Ididn't want
mm to he disappointed in me In
fluenced me when I had to make a
decision. Then, too, I could count
on his hearing me through in any
thing I wanted to tell him. He had
way of letting me feel I was making
up my own mind, a quiet listening
and a loving helpful suggestion. Not
the big stick, do-as-I-say way of
raising children. He explained
things, too; didn t just command
me to obey without knowing why.
"I always ronfide in my dad more
than in my mother." another said
in Ihe group. "Probably because
my mother would get all excited
and begin to lay down the law,
and arouse a feeling of resent
ment in me. I like this idea of
thinking of children as people, not
chattels you own!"
The root of the trouble Is still the
old argument over strategic air
craft, with one group in the Pen
tagon convinced that all big bomb
era should be junked as useless.
The Navy wants more planes
and bigger ones, and more air
craft carriers. The Air Force in
sists this is strategic suicide and
is demanding still bigger bombers,
with a tighter grip on the atom
bomb. The Air Force has. how
ever, cut back sharply on its plans
for rimming Russia with strategic
bombardment bases. The plan
would have cost billions for air
fields and maintaenance money
that would have had to come from
funds set aside for bi bombers.
The nation is less secure because
of the squabbling and indecision,
but Mr. Truman's fiscal policies
will look like good politics lo the
voters because of the delays. With
a surplus in the Treasury Admin
istration orators will have a firm
peg for a lot of high-flown oratory.
But it will be a hoax.
All the defense material now on
order must be paid for sometime,
even if it is a year late. New orders
are coming up at the monthly rate
of $2,000,000,000. So however juicy
the June surplus may seem, it will
vanish when and if the military
starts getting real deliveries.
The end result will be a Treasury
deficit and demands for more taxes,
in 1951 the biggest single tax in
crease in the nation's history was
saddled on us taxpayers. It amount
ed to $9,000,000,000. And it isn't
enough lo pay for all the spending
when and if production catches
up with Defense Department de
mands. The need for new taxes, unless
non-defense spending is cut sharp
ly, is the honest political reality in
1952-not a temporary Treasury
surplus. Some estimates are that
w will have lo add $13,000,000,000
more to the tax burden to pay for
White House plans. So keep this in
Would Build P. O.
In Swop Offer
PORTLAND W A group of
Portland businessmen want to do
some old fashioned trading with
the federal government.
The businessmen propose to build
a new two million dollar post
office for the government. In re
turn they want the government to
give them a downtown block, ap
praised by the government in 1933
The block they want is the site
of the Pioneer Postoffice, which
is in the center of the downtown
business area. It la across the
street from the big Meier & Frank
Department Store, whose presi
dent, Aaron M. Frank, is head
of the group making the proposal.
Frank would not disclose what use
his group would make of the block.
Postmaster E. T. Hedlund said
the Postal Department could use
a big, new building, all right. The
businessmen offered to build it to
government specifications on the
city's East Side. Hedlund said that
location would bt fine, for the big
need now is a building to handle
The businessmen said negotia
tions are being conducted in Wash
ington. D. C. where attorneys are
trying to determine whether the
government has authority to make
sucn a traoe.
Of the three services, the Army is : mind when the oratory starts flow-
in the best shape weapon-wise. The ing in 1952.
Air Force and Navy, contrary to ,
reports, still bicker bitterly over iCflr FtlltOH Lewis DdllX
who is going to spend more money n ,.,fVn O.IK n if
for aircraft and other equipment. -" IWliWl, 7.1 J I .
In The 'Day's News
By FRANK JENKINS.
(Continued from Page 1)
done. Back in the grim days of the
war between the slates, he said to
a White House caller:
"If you once forfeit the confid
ence of your fellow citiiens, you
can never regain their respect and
"It is true that you may fool
all the people some ot the time;
you can even fool some of the peo
le all the time; but you can't fool
all the people all the time."
President Lincoln, incidentally,
was subjected to bitler and merci
less criticism by his opponents.
But he survived it Ml and carried
our nation through its greatest
crisis because the people BE
LIEVED IN HIS INTEGRITY.
Nothing could make me belive
that Lincoln would have crawled
out from under responsibility lor
administrative scandals such as
those which are rocking our feder
al government now with an answer
like Mr. Truman's statement that
he knew what was going on all the
time and would have fixed it him
self if congress hadn't butted in.
Winston Churchill, premier of
Great Britain (in European govern-
meniai systems me premier is the
approximate equivalent of our
President) is on the high seas en
route to Washington for a confer
ence with President Truman. He is
reported to be traveling in a $500
a day suite on the luxury liner
I think if I were Ihe head of a
nation in Britain's financial fix I'd
make the trip to Washington in a
simple stateroom. It would be a
good showmanship gesture, if no
Britain, of course, can stand the
expense. In the staggering total of
governmental costs, what's a thous
and pounds, more or less? (A pound
is worth $2.80 American, and the
trip on Ihe Queen Mary takes about
four days, so a total expenditure
of 1000 pounds for passage moncv,
tips and unavoidable incidentals
would amount to $2800.)
But if Winnie had taken a mere
stateroom instead of his $500-a-day
suite, it would have said to the
British people that he Is willing and
happy to share their austerity. I
think that would have made them
all feel better.
1 suppose Winnie and Harry will
CONKER IN SECRET.
After Casablanca, Cairo, Tehran
and Yalta, I don't think that's the
way It should be done. It would be
far better, everything considered,
it the conference were held in a
big public room, with ALL report
ers present and uninhibited.
I know, of course, that in such
circumstances everybody would
a le for the headlines instead of
alking turkey. Thai's human na
lire. But even considering that,
Kwould be belter to have the
"It all .i i. ..
a f' ,..,si""'" Mil one of the
group. That hit nftn wij M.
In parental problems. Just Irving
te see the children's side of it,
and trying to "do unto them" as
fairly as I can."
whole affair conducted out in the
I'm aware that such a suggest
ion is radical heresy, but alter the
last war and what followed t I'm
gun-shy of secret conferences.
Blizzard Fails To Halt
Scout's Training Trek
PORTLAND 11 Six bov scouts,
just returned from a three-day
outing on the snowy slopes of Mt.
Hood, already are planning next
Two scout executives and a
mountaineering expert accompan
ied Ihe youths, all of whom were
members of the Order ot Ihe Ar
row, honorary scout camping so
ciety. Camp was set up Thursday nicht
about a mile south of Timberline
Lodge. Bliriards on both Friday
and Saturday failed to halt a snow
survival training program.
I dtflvr4 by I
1 4: 1 S p jn phone I
by Warren Goodrich
"I've told you a thousand
timet te throw away that an
cient number list and look up
numbers boforo you alll". . ,
Keep your personal number
list up-to-date by checking it
with th latest directory , . .
Corruption Will Ruin U.S.,
Ex-President Hoover Warns
BOSTON (AP) Former President Herbert Hoover
said Saturday the country has been exposed in the past
year to mure dishonesty in officials and governmental de
partment than at any time in history.
And hi warned that unless this
evil is atamped out "to the last "They are mainly selected by
official concerned" the United political bosses. They are certain
States will "decline and fall lik. f elected with their approval. The
.. L . , determination of their fitness is
the great republiw of the past." . Dr.tt, mllph u.., . )h. ,him
The former President spoke on to get votes or rewards for doing
a transcribed radio (WEED for-;''
um program. "Reducing the red-l."r Son,?"a" mn ,nln8s
...i IU..I.II.. w.,u.. t.. it.. wtre wron wi'h the present sys
eral Wasteline, broadcast by the tem. 0ne obligation to local
Massachusetts Committee for the bosses: two, lack of professional
Hoover Report. competence and three, absence of
Singling out for particular crlU-),lndr.dl..,,n,egri,jr-...
clsm of tne scandals in the tax
collecting agencies of the govern
ment, he said: !
"I have no doubt that If the
Hoover Commission's recommen 1
dations on collectors of internal
revenue and other political ap
pointees had been accepted two
and one-half years ago when they
were made these scandals could
not have occurred."
He said the dangers of corrup
tion in tax collection weren't news
to the members of the commission
which condemned the present
method of selecting tax collectors,
Election Of Judgts
PORTLAND t Commissioner
J. E. Bennett thinks city judges
should be elected instead of ap
pointed. And Friday he asked the city
attorney to prepare a charter
amendment on the plan which
would go on the ballot for the
May primary election.
Commissioners appoint thi jud
ges now. '
Bouquet From Veterans
TOLEDO, O. t Catholic war
veterans of the U.S. will present
Pope Pius XII next week a spiritual
bouquet of 350,000 offerings
pledges of prayers and devotions.
The presentation will be mad.
by Donald J. McQuake of Swan
ton, O., national commander in a
private audience with the Pope.
FOR SALE OR LEASE
FOR SALE OR LEASE
FOR SALE OR LEASE!
AND ROOMING HOUSE
At RIDDLE, OREGON
Set Bill Lawson on Premises
FOR SALE OR LEASE FOR SALE OR LEASE
II : till
lull. jnnmim.irl 'Wk
STATEMENT OF CONDITION
THI UNITED STATES NATIONAL BANK
of Portland, Oregon
DECIMIIR 31, 151
Cash on Hand and Due from Banka $ 139,775,942.79
United Stat Government Bonds 245,287,702.42
Municipal and Other Bonds 55,067,486.40
Loans and Discounts Net 185,580,690.99
Stock in Federal Reserve Bank -. 720,000.00
Bank Premise. (Including Branche.) 7.416,374.49
Customers' Liability on Acceptance. 386,225.41
Interert Earned 1,763,631.43
Other Roaource. 191,129.31
Capital S 12,000,000.00
Undivided Profit. 13.406,532.45 37,406,532.45
Reserves for Intereat, Tues, .te 2,087,760.53
Dividends Declared 300,000.00
Deposit. ' 694,087,668.21
Interest Collected Not Earned 1,622,109.50
Other Liabilities , 41,489.33
TTiti itattmtnt include 40 bnneha in Ortgan
Hiao Ornci: PORTLAND, OREGON
SAVE with increased interest
and BAM safety
on savings deposits up to any amount
Deposits made on or before January 1 0 draw
interest at the new rate from January 1.
n Certificates of Deposit
Deposit a certain amount of money, leave it
for three years and then, at the expiration of
that period, collect 2Wo interest per year.
These higher interest rates are
effective January 1, 1952.
DIHCT IIANCM Of
TMI UNHID STATU NATIONAL SANK OP rOITUN.
i ogpitxD exxxxx)
MCMin HOCKAl DCrosiT INJUHANCI COHK5HATION