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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 2, 1919)
(15.000 EEADESS DAILY)
Only Circulation ia Sales Guar
wtoni by tha Audit Bunas at
FULL LEASED WIRE
VALLEY NEWS 6EBV1CE
Or i: T-'nUi.t and Sunday
fair, gentle wetcrty wind a.
FORTY-SECOND YEAR NO. 181.-SIXTEEN PAGES.
SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 2, 1919.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAIX8 AND 5I
stands nvs cxura
ADMINISTRATION PMH TO CUT
Commissica wjippmg a Vt Sale of Surplus Army Foods .
Recommendations Int '
Shape Ra?idiy. H By Parcel Post Will Open On
various suggestions V August 1 8; Prices Announced
ADVANCED AS TO STEPS
GOVERNMENT MAY TAKE
Protests From All Parts Of
Country Pour Into Wash
Washington, Aug. C (United Tress.)
With the cost of living problem hold
ing the mtereat of the nation a.mosMo
rsi-iuuvriy eouay, ootn coutress ana;
the executive arm of the gucrnmcut
were seeking a solution.
The developments were:
Heads of three of the great railway
brotherhoods condemned the plnn of
putting up to congress their demands
for increased wages 0r reduction in (he
cost of living. All declared the delay
entailed by this plan might mean a
Attorney General Palmer aud t- com
mittee -of high gover-mucnt officials
were drawing up a program wiiiili will
probably form the basis lor leeoin
niendntions which tin president has
promised within a fortnight.
Congress Gets Busy.
Attention of the senate has been
switched from tho trcnty and lac house
which planned a recess, will slay in ses
fdon while leaders are working ont plans
for adjustment of wages in lehttion to
living costs. A
Miss Jesse R. Haver, legislative agent
of the National Corauniers League, de
manded that the packers release food in
Ueorge P. Hnmpton, director of the !
Fanners National Council, advocated
passago of the Kenyon bill to rcgulr.to
Meanwhile dcinnnds of the railroad
employes,' while hold the prospect of a
possible rate increase, again stimulated
talk of government ownership of rail
roads which eongressional leaders be
lieved a deed issue.
Protests Pom In.
With nation wide protests aguinst the
li i t; h cost of living pouring inlo the
cupitol, Interest eeirtered In ifieiresi
ih iit's statement that he expected "rec
onunendntious to be made in a fort
iiinht." It was generally nsiunied t'.icsc ree
ominendHtious would originate' with a
commission consisting of Federal Tract
Commissioner Colver, Ruil Diiector
unies and Assistant eereiarv or tne
Treasury Ltffingwvll, who have been
appointed to whip, into shape reeom-
inendations by cabinet officers and oth-
nr hnh nfflris ii
or hiijh officials.
Buggestiona Are Mai,y.
They expect to complete their taslc
Monday and on Tuesday cabinet mem
bers mid others who met with Attor
ney General Palmer, will meet again
to hear the report and attempt to sift
out some plnn to bring down prices.
A variety of suggestin 's for federal
action, have been advaueed reductlo
of money in eircul-.ilion, contraction of
(Continncd on page thres)
CHICAGO BACK TO USUAL
MODE OP LIVING TODAY
Chicago, Aug. 2. ( United Pres.) ternitte fighting had takeii place for
Chicago rode to work tod:.y and re-j'ive dr.y. quiet and safe,
sumed its normal business Trool' "tm patrolled the area dur-
After four dnys of a strike ef 13,000 trWtZT - '7
' , measure. They will be withdiawn, ltick-
mfaee and elevated railway employes,! wn Midf resoriltiuB of Barma, tol.
ia addition to race rioting, ym and ditiens has taken place and the pcoj,lt.
looting that claimed 33 lives aud didjbaie beea fully supplied with food,
thousands of dollars of damcge to prop-j Thuuwnd oit negroes, Butli nun and
erty, citifns today welcomed letmn of' womea, who had not Tentured from
ordinary life, w ith its lessened cotge . their homes since - Monday, went t
tion, fear and costs. Iwoik this morning. A few who still
Complete service was n'storeu on'f.'snd attacks by white mobs had pro
both the surface and elevated lines, teetioa of militiamen and police. It was
shortly afirramiilnight. The me.i were ; ppecte4 work at the stockymds, wiiich
oidrreit bs. k to work by W. 1 Mahon,! had beta temporarily checked during
international presid'Ht of the rkrmen s; tie riots, would be ia full awing today,
nnioa, after a majority of the eaipioyesj Prosecution of those arrested in con
had oted yestcrdny to accept the com- i nctiua with the riots bee;an yesterday,
prnmise-wage acale calling tor 8j and-Police ai,i today 20 kaj to ifessed to
67 cents an Imiir. (sniping anl complicity in niimbcron.
The men forioerly n-ceived 4-" rents shooting. i-tirKe Huler, r.hite,
and had deniandeil 81 cents. Thry al-jwns held on $00,000 bonds on a charge
m terrived an eiii'ut hour day tmi cth-.of aiutd'-r. , He was alleged te have
er clianac in working eondihnes. thrown the s'one t lint knocked as nn-
(,-rice ras not n-snmed iu the rioti
Tn f a '.til after daybreak. Adjetsnt
(irreral trti ks'aa and Chief of i olice
frarrity went on a t-Jr of iasjieetion
nail d.-elarisl tke bia,k belt, where in -
Washington, Aug. 2. Sale of surplus
array food to the cousumera through
the parcel post will begin August 18,
thewar department division of sales an
These prices sales officials said, will
form the basia for the price that is to
be charged consumers when the surplus
army food is sold through the purcel
post authorized in a house resolution.
The parcel post prices cannot be de
termined definitely until postoffices and
iwar department "officials settle their
A'tffaranntt iiu k.- U i -
be charged for the food sold in this
l'rices per down cans of vegetables
beans number 1 cans, 89
No. 8 cans, $1.62.
No. 3 cans, $2.14.
Ntringless beau Xo. 2 cans, 1 .34.
No. 10 cans, 9.7G.
Com number 2 euns, 1.44.
Peas, cans, nuieber 1, $1.50.
Tomatoes No. 3 cans $1.28.
No. 1(1 cans, $5.1(4.
Pumpkins, No. 2 cans, 74 cents.
No. 3 cam, $1.13.
Number 10 cans, $2.83.
75 HOUSES DESTROYED
BY FIRE IN CHICAGO'S
STOCKYARD AREA TODAY
-Cnleago, Aug. 2-(lTnited 1' less.)
Seventy five houses, most of them
homes of Meiicans, Lithuanians nnd
otbor foieiguers cmploved at the stock-
Vli!ds wer(' lM'roycd by fi ve hcie todny
which raged for three house before fire
men anuouhced it under control.
The houses were of the cheaper grude
built of wood and were cVtttily con
sumed. Police declared, five negroes
were responsible for the fins. They
were seen running away from the neigh
borhood soon after the fire alarm was
sou ruled, it was alleged.
' Lieutenant Admits Taking
Wes ror ft Navy Jobs
New York, Aug. '. Having plead
ed guilty to six of Til counts in charges
that he accented bribes from men who
wanted "suft navy jobs" Lieutenant
B. J. Ellert. tr. S. N.. is now .wltlr
it. j,:i t... . , ,
He admitted having received money
'.e0mB..nflin . . . . . '
T w i"
Portland Woman Dies Of
Shock When Finger Hurt
Portland, Or., Aug. 2. Miss Norma
Ktnrr, 18. died suddenly Jnst night in
the opftratinu room, of a hospital. Rhe
was hariiiu an injured finger dressed at
the time, the shock of which is snid to
have caused hor death, due to heart
identified a?iro boy frtmi
a ruft into j
the lake at a white beach Kumlay.
Imy druwnel and truublr resulting from
I the drowni-f precipitated the five
'd.:y ef rio'.ij.
Squash number 2 cans 72 cents..
Moat prices aro, per dozen cans:
Corned beef, number 1 cans, $3.00.
No. 2 cans, $0.90.
Sir pound cans $24.00.
Roast beef No. 1 cans, $H.48.
Oue pound cans, 4.92.
Two pound cans, $7.92.
Six pound cans, $20.40.
Corned beef hash, one pound cans
Two pound cans, $.1.40.
Bacon in crates, 34 cents per pound.
Bacon in tins, 30 cents per pound.
Number one caUi contain lightly
less than a pound. Number two cans
contain twice as much as number one.
These prieis are on board cars at
storage poiuls. where overhead expeu
ses are incurred in distributing the food""!'1'? to inv'i" fewibility of
municipalities will aid the government
prices iu oruer to cover the cost of thcr "', " , , . . ,
f00,l I The senate today concurred with the
The war department is determining ihouf in h went decis-
priccs of other commodities. Thes.-willio" fo1, ,rcrCM- .
be announced early next week. I Not only h" ,h n8? " T00'"
Because charter restrictions prevent- Ucf bUt
ed aome cities from buying food after , ' " 'ght in the senate may be
the original war department plan, the
iritilurfniflnl .i.fi -niaild it tw.juil.1,.
such etties to become practically gov
ARREST BY SUICIDE
' ' '
1 Afr r 1 A I
flUay ULllCer LUGS UWfl LUC
Rather Than Face Charge
Of Illegal Marriage.
Run Francisco, Aug. 2. While detec
tives were waiting nt the Ferry build
ing last night to arrest him ou charro
..f i r:.,M tfc..,.;,i n M
.., i i .: .c e l i i i i
..m iniu iroiu nis young uiius
and, slipping below the deck of a North
western Pacific forrvboat. sent . hub
let crashing through his brain.
Baraey receutly was dischareod from
,i, , . . . ,
the a my a. had marned Mildred
rene Owen, 8 . On .Tune 18 last. H
"L ""'"K, sci uu-ti a war-
I rant yesieruay onarging liainey with
1.1-arnmg tnai tuo ueiectirc were
. ... .. . .. " , "
ferry slip from newspapermen aud
tographers, Barney issued
declaring his bride of six weeks was
ignoruit of the existence of his first
wife. His young bride, who was also
accompanied by her mother, asked Lira
why their picture' was being taken.
"I guess the papers want your pic
ture because you married a soluier,"
Barney told her.
He then excused himself, saying he
would return before the boat docktd.
The mother and daughter waited an
til the lust pessenger bad left the boot,
and then, accompanied by the detec
tives who had come to arrest liainey,
started a search for hint.
With the aid of a ship employe, they
found the body of Barney lying in a
lavatory, in army pistol by his side and
blood flowing from wound in the
When the girl saw the body she be-
came hysterical and was taken to one
of the offices on the dock. In her home
a short time inter she said she was glad
she was alane. "It is better thin toandto let mutters stand just as they are
have raced the other woman.' she
Mrs. Joftie Barney, the first wifo, wh
filed the charge againat Barney, ia a
cripple. 'Relatives have not informed
her of the tragedy, fearing the news
would prove fatal.
Two spurious telegrama were found
on Barney's body telegrams which the
bride asys influenced her to marry him.
Both indicated that Jiartiey 'a first wife
was killed Is it May ia an automobile
accident near Los Angeles.
A statement issued recpntly by SeerC'
tary Brown of the state land board
shows that the state has $408,745.35 in
its tireducilile school tuna to be divided
among the various counties. This rep
resents a gain of over $''2,000 ovei the
e.monDt of last year. This gives Mar
ioa county the amoflni of $J.i,C.6.40,
as it hjis 12,132 persons of school ag
that is botween the ag of 4 s-d 20
years. The total number of pupils la'
the stst is shown to be S03.C13, end
they receive froa the stae 'and $1.95
TO CUT PRICES
Senate Orders! Investigation
Of Plan To Reduce Com
BOTH HOUSES ABANDON
PROPOSAL FOR RECESS
Lealers Busy Devising Pro
gram To Satisfy Demand
For Prompt Action,
- By L. O. Madia
(I'uited Prjss Kt(.ff Correspondent I
Washington, Aug. 2. The senate to
day adopted the Myers resolution or
dering the banking and currency cau
Ming h currency to decrease the
us t ,
Leaders of both houses today were
concerned with devising some !u:i
whereby the inisitent demand froai nil
over the country for adjustment tf
wages in proper relation to the cost of
living may be worked out, I hay smu.
House and senate leaders wen to
confer in an effort to ley the founda
tion for action which will mest '"t
only the railroad men's problem, but
the broader one which affects all work
era. -. r , . . .-
Unless this Is done tlii country ia
"Boin(t to smash" Senator Cummins,
Iuwtt chairman of the senate interstate
uuiuiiitrrt U VVUIIIUl IL'V, BUIU luuuv.
"We must give assurance to the
workers,"' said Cummins, ' 't tint en
equitable relation will be established
between the cost of living and wage:-
We must do that immedinte'y. Unlcs
we do the country is going to smash
''X believe the time has come when
1,18 government must fix the waifei of
in ruimMiii workers, nueiner u reru.ii-'
contro, Qf tho lineg
fir il nt 1 am r.'uilv
. . J
to vote for such action. But theg.vcrn.
ii ' shuld have ;ho power to iaie
iu n'"et ll,e liv'''K rt. or 10
br,"f " ,'vi"8 "t ,;' m ,0 llu
wu,?c ' r,.. ', , ,
Congreunin Fitgeruld, Mm..aidi.i-
jj todiy aid he will sug';et In I'te-i
,, Wili, th ,i(,Jf ,..
,,,,, ,.,. as . ,n,o n ra raN.
Fitgerald called at tho White Hou-
but the oresident was absent
RESIGNATION OF MAY
Colonel To Remain In Com
mand Of Third Oregon
Notwithstanding reports to the, (0a
trary, Col, John L. Mny has not" re
sinned as commanding officer oi the
Third Oregou infantry.
When it became known yesterday
.that Colonel M.,y was cvnsiiicnng the
sending in of his resignation, due to
( some opposition in Portland, ho was
; asked by Adjutant General Conrad
' Stuf riu to not take any hasty action
It is pretty well understood that in
order to secure federal recognition, It
was necessary to appoint some officer
who could fill the federal requirements
aud on account of bis service, oneraras,
Colonel Mny was in every respect quali
fied, while Colonel North teuld not
Colonel May was elected last March
bv the commending officers of the dlf
ferent units, accordiug to the military
laws of the state, and he wai the a ss
signed to the command of the 'fiiird
Oreiroii, which command he aeld until
general. He r-
signed May .10 and was placed oa the
During the latter psit of June when
the regiment was being ins;peeled pre
paratory to being federalized, upon in
Spection being completed, several com
panics failed to comply with the r gula
tions of the war department, af wise
officers were not qualified.
1 Upon the re assignment of Coionel
(Continued on page eight)
HEN IS DECLARED M1TWM
Wages Today and 70 Years
Ago In Centra! Willamette
Valley Are About On a Par
Farm hands, $73 a mouth aud board.
Carpenter- $8 a day. Female domestics
$10 a week and board.
Such were the figures paid in Marion
and Linn counties in 1850, nil of which
goes to show that tho wags of the
present day were those of about 70
years ago in both counties.
One of the rarest books in the state
library and one especially prized by
Miss Cordelia Marvin, state librarian,
is the original schedules of tho .United
States census taken iu Oregon In 1850,
1800 and 1870.
These original census books were sent
to Washington, D. C, and after publi
cation, returned to the Oregou slate li
brary. For this fart of the stutc, the
records wrre made and signed by the
famous Joseph Meek, who hud so much
to do with the early history of Oregon.
In making the census of loO, under
the head of social statistics, there was
noted the various wages paid, nut only
in Marioa county but throughout the
state, showing quite a difference in the
counties of the Willamette valley.
For instance, the farm hand was paid
$7,1 a month and board i t Linn county,
but for Marion county, the ctnsus re
port of 1S30 shows he was paid only
$.'i0 a month with board thrown in.
Ten years later, there seems to have
becu an over supply of farm holp as
the census records $25 a monU for the
fnrm.hnnd, board included. But ln1870
the price had advanced a litt'e and the,
same fana help was drawing $30
mouth, and board. I
In both Marion, Linn and Pola conn.!co...'rerc.ial development of llu north
Lnrpentera were neing paiu as a nsy
ties in 1850. Bv the time 18o0 rolled
around, carpenters were more plentiful the Weattlo chamber of commerce, ten
and the price of a day's wage was $1 tifyinjr before the interstate commeio
and it remained at this f igure whea the .commission today said that a disc-rim-1S70
census was taken. Linn county inatory freight favoring Portland would
paid carpenters $3.50 a day in 1870. lilt kn(,k ",n bottom out of furih. r
Ia 1850 the dnv laborer was draw- development at this time,
ing $3 a day and board, or 1 a dayl l testified the present grouping of
and board himself. Ten yea., h.ter ha''KM rates as applied to eastern
was getting only $1.25 day In Mario., Jh!nf0" . '?t"f, . 1 'iA f'"1
f i , , I. j 1, n Hound terminals was the best system
eour. y Including board,' or $J o0 a ..; ,, favorable growth to 1'., young
tv.nen,. . httl. ..rf tha lH
V'Z ZI . . uiT.Yra. . k a. 1 onar.il
or and board himself.
..., . j
lnn county was a little more liberal
ijf,..!,. ,,tv !n.lH.-..i in t, v! no-!
for female domestic, help. While tlieinKtn n tt nl.m10r f rosl)1,,u s fail 0rKnni1"' ""lw,lf ork"V'n 'T
census ncor.ls of 1850 show that Linn gs natural resources were concert .If""" ,0 bl' cn trollMl , the off.e.ala saMt,
county paid $10 a week and boaid, iu and that the fa.lure of Oregon to step I1' t'".V become convinced their de
Marion county the figure was omy $0 ahead was not due to poor freight I """"' n,l",, I"11""''' upon by a wi
a week and board. Ten years latei, the rates but to the luck of initiative on! mission which must first be eroalcd by '
f-nriic domestic was still woikin for I tho part of Oregon citizens and busi j special legislation in conKresa.
the same $0 n week and boaid, but in' tiP"" i-"-n. Long Delay Foraeaa.
tu7ii U.,r ...tiiee wi-m worth more asl "Oregon has more standing timber i Tlmt the mlroad odininistralioa has
th census shows in Marion county the
average wage was $10 a week and
In 1830, when the laboring man
wanted board, he paid $3 a week. Ten
vckis later, the hmiiib could ne had for
$4 a week. While his board :i the tea
years bad been lowered osi, duller a
week, he was losing out or. wages as
the $.1 a day he got in 18 j0 wns reduced)
to $1.50 a day H 1800. But the pen
dulum swung a "tie in liu lavor ny
1870 as in that year, in Mivrien county,
he wns getting $2 a day am, paid av
a week board.
An optimist is a feller that still car-
ties an opener on his kev ring. When
ia feller is a gd talker that's usually,
all tber is to him. I
In 1830 there was in Marion county I
ono Catholic school, one academy aud
ona female seminary, with nine teach
ers In all. There was no churches at
all iu Yamhill county. The pcopl -
tended services in school houses.
Seventy years ago in Marion county,
about one-fourth of tho deaths wcie re
ported as being very sudden. The old
original census of 1839 under the head
of "cause of death" contains tho short
word, "shot." The other great cause
of death was recorded as "sore throat."
In Josephine county, tho census of 1830
shows that 15 people died during the
year, of which 4 wore shot, 1 died of
intemperance, 1 from the eating iu of a
bank, S from sore throat and tho other,
six after an illness of just a few days.
Rate Hearing Witness Says
Puget Sound Progress Due
Seattle Wash., Ann. S,-Describ'tne
the present as tho critical period of the
west, Gordon C. Corbaley, secretary of
"rmur- 1.,.',aid .lh1 l"fb"V,v Trainmen
.-Vr. "Snn'rS evelop.uo.it
'.aim tnat ine present parnv oi raiea,.
should not be disturbed.
Oorbnlev sai dthat Orei'nn if snv-
.u : . i ............ " .-.. i.
than Washington," ho said, 'vet the!
largest mills are in Seattle. We have
the biggest milk eondensaries in the
world, yet the Willamette vnllcv, If
anything, is a more favorable dtiirying
Corbaley said that Seattle had $100 -000,000
invested in manufacturing
plants as compared to $50,000,000 in
Attorney J, N. Teal, cross enniining
'f;rbaley , "tried to show that O egon
timber producers had been choked out
because of poorer rates tha i those of
C. A. S Tilth who underwent an oper
ation at the 'Willnmette sanatorium
Inst Saturday had made. tich fnvorable
I recovery 'hat he was able to return
' ' v.. i, . v ....... ,vj,
BELA KUN REGIME DEAD;
TRADE UNIONISTS RULE
Vienna, Aug. 1. (United Press.).
Hungary's soviet governmental experi
meut endi-d today, according to reports
from Budapest, when Bela Kun aud tl"'j,i,li(,nai rfpul,iif f(,mi of jroerrr.-ae.it.
entire "red"' cabinet resigned. Thej u advocated rninplianoa with tha
move followed a conference of several 1 demands of the allies, In ordr to ataho
hours, during which the conunissuiriesj pence as soon as possible.
decided that capitulation of the bolshe
vik government was the only means of
saving Hungary, due to the riccnt uiili
Msw Government Forms.
A seicittJistie deinocratie coaiition gov
ernment is being formed, nnder leader
ship of Julius Peidl, who wnl be pre
mier. The Hungarians have decid.d to
give lip the soviet system foi good. Of
rordiog to the reports.
The socialists and democrats attempt
ed a government in nngary linmcmaie-.
ily following overthrow of the llapsburg :
regime. The two parties were eqaaHyjthe new Hungarian premu r as a;,i!i
represented ia tho Karolyi cabinet nn- IV Jl.
Walkout Of Shop Men
Spread Rapidly Declare
HELD TO BE DANGEROUS -
Workers Cannot Be Centrslkd
Driv Lengthy bredfe.
don Is Plea.
Chicago, Aug. 2. (United Press.)
That every railroad system in tha tana
try will be affected tonight by tha
strike of shop men, was the piedulioa i
today of John D. Saunders, secretary f t
directing the Chicago
Twenty-five thousand were rcj.ottd
out in the Chicago district. U.iiua f
lieials said the strike will affect 100,
000 over the nation. The men demand
ed a wage of 83 cents an hour, an in
crease of 17 cents over tho preaeat
schedule, A helpers' minimum of CO
cents Wns also asked. Thoso affected
aro car repairers, machinists, i1 speclora
electricians, blacksmiths and ihect met
Railway officials denied the mea
have struck on their roods. They ad
mitted, however, a general etiike woull
seriously impede traffic.
The roads union offiela's (bid mi
affected were the Ponaisylvaniu, Bur
lington and (julncy, Lake bhoie and
Michigan Hotithern, Chicago and breav
westem,! Illinois Oentnil, Chisago aid
i.' m ,
By Ralph F. Couch
( United Press Htr.ff Correspondent.)
Wushi iglon, Aug. 2. Heads at three
of the four big railroad unions today
condemned placing In tho hands of a
cress the demands of their members for
immediate wage increases proportional
to increased living costs.
The union, heads were i W. G. Lew,
president of tho Brotherhood of Rail-
L. K. Shepherd, preni-
d,.nt o( ,hp Brotherhood
on doctors, and Timothy Hlica, presi-
I .In n f . tU UrntUnvhnnA tit titf.mnltl.
firemen and Migineiuen.
no money td grant Immediate lac.ieasea
was made clear by President WilsoB ia
liters to house and senate committees.
in which he proposed creation of tho
commission to survey the wages of all
railway workers and decide Oa Sa
crenses which would be mandatory up
o the interstate commerce eommhvdea.
for luprocsed freight and passenger
" Putting the demand np to congress)
would mean a delav of sit mo tha and
perhaps a year," said Shepherd, who
has asked an nvernnc of 35 per cent in
crease for .12,000 conductors. "TJiia
would lie unsatisfactory to tha men.
who huve been waiting months. They
jnre now In no mood to wait longer, Y-
y ,,, inuru on .,
til they resigned as a protest agataxt
the allied armistice terms. .
The socialist democratic pally ia tha
arnncpil In tlllTK'flrv Ind f(.OrS a
Peidl Kew Prsmier.
Copenhagen, Aug. 2. (United P.f ?s.)
Trade unionists have forswd a l
cialist government, with Ju'iua Peiili oa
prerricr, - sncces.tnn to It. ra Krs't
irovernnicnt, which has resignskl, e-
A..i;n,r in f,nnfft.inl SlftvtCM frMTW
?he new cabinet issued a pi sera fisr.
tion stating its mnin objet v
gntiatinn with the allies and tea mass
tenance of order.
A Vienna dispatch guve Use "t