Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, July 21, 1919, Image 1

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We:tkr Report
" Oregon: Toniyht sod Tuesday
continued irn, ger-.Ue avrther
lv winds.
(2o,000 BEADEE3 DAJXT)
Only Circulation la Salem Guar
anteed by the Audit Bureau of
n n d i - -
5 Wfl IjI'hII j
in nnPMAT,v.
mm. m a, -i
ia Kitr III. i n.v
Proposed Protest Against In
tervention In Russia Fizz
ling (Lt
Amicable Adjustments In Var
ious Industries Are Indicat
ed Today.
Paris, July 21. (TJuitea Presa.) Ad
vices from European countries, especial
ly the allied nations, indicated today
that the international strike, planned
by the proletariat as protest Against
intervention in Russia and Hungary,
had lost its element of danger and in
many places would be a complete fail
ure. Apparently strike lenders either had
lost their control or had heeded govern
nieut warnings.
Only in one country Norway were
there indications that the situation
might prove serious, A general strike
litd been called for today, following a
strike Saturday which forced Chris
tlauia to do without light, wnter, trani
rur service nnd newspapers. The gov
ernment issued an order closing restau
rants and ordering three (lays prohibi
tion of the sale of alcohol.
. French Abandon Idea.
In France the strike had been called
off officially. Telegrams from Italy,
Austria, Gcrmnnv'and Great Britain in-
dii-uted the movement had been i.bnn
Uniied, either wholly or pnrtii.'.ly on nc
"count of the pressure of public opin
ion. Dispatches from Germany announced
that us a result of violent protivla from
German agriculturists and the pulilic,
the world revolutionary idea had been
weakened very greatly.
Vienna reports indicates the strike
failure there was due to public scnti-
Chicago, July 21. (United Press.)
Iti-lief tknt Chicago's strikes and threat
ened strikes may be of slum duration
was expressed today following appoint
ment of a board of six union builders
tn confer with employers wno have
locked out 10U,0U0 men employed in var-
(Continuod on page three)
essional Action To Re
duce Present Prices Is
By Raymond Clapper
( Cnited Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, Jtilv 21. Demand that
congress act to reduce the cost of living
w as made by progressive republican sen-
aiurst odi;y in statements to the Cnited
-nils ml unt ion is becoming so bsd'tion:
that the party in power must take some
definite action before the neit election
or accept the consequences,' Senator
Capper, Kansas, republican, warned.
. SVnator Keuyon, Iowa, and others rec
ord this opinion.
Congress moved to strike at the high
cost of living todsy when a committee
of the senate started ia search of prof
iteers in Washington. Conditions have
become so acute here, according to some
senators that government en.pio.vra are
qutting tnd threatening to impa the
efficiency of departments.
Senators hope to throw light on the
cause of the high price wave throngh
out the country. Food, clothing and
rents will lie studied. Wholesale deal
ers, retailers and consumers will be
"This is of more importa-ice right
now, than the league of nations," Cup
per said. "It is causing n volution in
Europe and ever here people are get
ting more and more dissatisfied."
"It is the biiigest battle facing eon-
jires today, ' Ke-.yos declared. "It is',ia f t,e nations to act privudor.ally
a fisrht that euts across party lines. It jring the period required to rent a the
divides those in r.regreis who are try- rS!if.ation of the trcatv."
5ng to solve the high eo-t of living S.-nstr Knox, republican, moved as
problem from those who sees to protect
iic eria! inn-re
League Senators Open fire
On Opposition With Heated
Accusations of Petty Politics
ogton, July 21 (Vuitid hen)
g senators who opposed thslof you I mean ta republican leader
atious to "hell hounds" and
"mi!. ," Senator Harrison, Mississip
pi, today delivered a fiery attack js
them ia a speech ia the senate.
Harrison dared republicans exposing
the league to make American withdraw
al from it the issue ia the 1920 cam
paign. "If you do," re predicted, "you will
heat the voice of the people; republican
hopes will- be forever shattered and
your party ignoininously defeated."
He declared opposition to the league
is based, first on jealousy of the great
prestige obtained by President Wilson,
and next ofl the fear of munition mak
ers ia states represented by anti-league
senators, that disarmament under the
league will cut off their profits.
Compared to "Hell Hounds." ,
"Nothing has been left undone by
you," he charged, addressing the
league's foes directly, "to have 'fail
ure' written over tho conference door at
Versailles. Your action is only com
parable to the eouduct of the never ceas
ing hellhounds Milton stationed at the
infernal gates.
"Never before In the discussion of a
great national question has deception
been so lavishly practiced and misrepre
sentation so generously employed. Every
alluring piece of sophistry that eratory
could eouimaud, every cunning device
that politicians could conjure have been
advanced by the opponents of the
league here that in the country reason
might be dethroned and prejudice
Partisanship Evident.
"When - opposition to inleisitlional
policies such as will make for the peace :
and happiness of mankind is J'omided
on rank partisanship and personal dis
like aye merely to shatter the popular
ity or retard the growing ascendency of
a particular individual, then it is worse
than bolshevism gone wild. The treaty
low oeforo the senate for ratiiicatlon
Presidents Request For Ap
proval Of intention To Ap
point Member Signal For
Senate FA
Washington, July 21. While Presi
dent Wilson was confined to his bed to
day by, illness .the struggle over the
peace treaty and tho league of nations
continued at the capitul without inter
ruption. Several senators prepared long
speeches, urging ratifications
of the;
There was a debate in the foieign
relations committee over a icltcr from
the presidentto Senator Lodge asking
that the committee approve his inten
tion to appoint an American n.cmber of
tne reparations committee, to suprevise
the carrying out the reparations provis
ions of the peace settlement before the
treaty is ratified.
The committee -deferred action on
President Wilson's request until tomor
row. Republican niembers vigorously op
posed any action bv the committee ae-
uucscing in the appointment in advance j
!f ratification.
Al ter Lodge had read Wilson ' letter
to the committee. Senator Williams,
democrat, moving the following resolu-
"That we recognize no jurisdiction
in the members of this committee as a
committee of the subject manner in its
preso it status, but we think that the
president has the power to appoint an
American commissioner in order to ex
Mlite completion of the details of the
proposed treaty."
The effect of this resnluliou, repub
licans said, would be complete compli
ance with President Wilson's request.
' Senator Harding, republican, moved
this substitute:
"That the chairman lie instructed to
reply to the president that in the judg
ment of the committee neither the com
mittee nor the senate has any auhority
to take action in respect to any treaty
provisioi until the said treaty has be
come effective throngh ratification."
To this. Senator Hitchcock moved to
add the word "and assures that the
president alone ecn take the neceanary
action to have the United States tem
porarily represented on any ro. omission
of reparations net Bp by conceited at.
(Continued on Tage 5.)
is here not because of you but ta aprt
ship ia this body.
Harrison asaailed ia tura Senators
Borah, Lodge and Knox and Will H.
Hays, chairman of the republican na
tional committee. They have concen
trated "mud batteries" against the
league, he said. He charged them with
responsibility for China's failure to
sign the peace treaty, for widening the
breach between the Unit erf (states and
Japan and for tryiug to arouse tie Irish
in this country.
Common Sense to Pisvafl.
The coin ino sense of the great mass
the American peoplo will prevail
against the "prophets of evil," who
are demanding rejection of the league
of nations. Senator Beckham, urn
tucky, predicted in a speech lu the
Because all other methods reducing
the danger of war hare failed, the
American people are willing to try the
league, Beckham said, rather than run
the risk of becoming involved again in
"The common sense citizen does not
see in the league the many snares and
mares 'nests and evil demons that have
possessed and inflamed the lurid imag
ination of Bouie orators who have en
deavored to describe it as a veritable
Pandora's Box of trouble and danger, "
sr. id Hcckhaiu. "Common seusc quick
ly answers theso prophets of uiseuster
with the unalterable conviction that if
a provision like article ten had existed
as wart of international law in August
1914, suil had been recognized by the
nation who later went to war with tier
many, then list war would nevsr iave
occurred. "
Republicans Challenged.
Hp charged that personal dislike of
President Wilson and partisan politics
include the opposition.
Ignominous defeat awaits the repub
lican party in IPSO, Beckham predicted
(Continued on page three)
Operators And Linemen Plan
To Press Demands Despite
Union Heads.
ft Sim Viuni-iui-n I'll .lull? ! '..t
striker returned to work for tho Pacific
States Telephone & Telegraph company
here this morning, striking operators
said. Iliey stated that a number oi girls
started for the exchanges to (,o to work
but were met by heavy cordons of pick
ets who persuaded them to remain out.
A meeting is in session toJ;.y iurtliei
plans for resistance of international of
ficers' orders to return to work, fol-
lowing yesterday's mass meeting when
the workers voted not to return to work
as ordered by international officials.
Oakland strikers took tho same atti
tude, andthis morning no strikers re
turned to work there, union head RS
Returning to work 1 .08 Angeles, He
attle, Portland, Tac.oma, Belliiighain,
Eugene, ban .lose, Santa Rosa, Fresno,
Hi u), (junta Barbara, i'awidena and
Sun Dei go.
Against returning to work--Saii Frun
cisco, Oakland, Sacramento, Stockton
Modesto, Marysviiie, North Vakima.
San Francisco operators and electri
cians Ire seriously considering contiu
umg the strike rcguidlcas of Ue httion
of other localities. Local operators
voted HI to 4U for staving- out, whUe
in Oakland they poted to for con
tinuing the strike.
Complete results of the referendum
will he announced at mass met tings of
oiierators and electricians here and in
Oakland tomorrow sfternooa.
Portland Phone Operators
And Linemen Return To Work
Portland, Or., July 21. ( Cnited
freas.l !srmal telepaone aemce wus
restored here at 8 a. m. todsy when the
operators who have ben on stiike three
weeks returned ta their positions.
At the same time Ike electrical work
cr who have been on strike M days.
went back to work. They voted urii.ni
mously yesterday to return.
In order to absorb the strikebreakers
and at the ssme time employ ail tlif
returning strikers, the telepnone coin
pa.ny will fur a time consent to a sur
plus of labor. It probsbiy will tempo
rsrily discontinue the school of insiruc
(Continued on page five)
Final Section Of Teres Is
Turned Oyer W?d
a "I
Additional Provisions Reveal
ed Resemble German Pact
Paris, July 21. Jf Cnited Press) The
Austrians were in possession of the
complete terms of their peace settle
ment tortny. l be remainder of the doc
umentthe first eection of which was
handed to them June 3 was given to
tueir representatives at Germain yes
terday iiy Paul thitasta, secretary of
the rea tonference. with an uttrr
lack of ceremony. They have 15 days
in wuica to lilo aiUlitional observations
The jiriucijial torms of the troaty
are: . 4 . ,
Austria must accept responsibility
for loss and damages to the allies thru
i war of aggression.
She must surrender all of her mer
hant fleet and a fifth of her river
fleet within three months.
She must make reparation within
thirty years for damages to allied ci
vilians and their property.
lie must abolish conseniition and
reduce her army to thirty thousand.
Sho must accept her share of the
former d ial monarthy's pre war debt.
which is divided nmonir the nations
which formerly constituted the empire.
Mio must reduce all her armaments
and surrender all surplus.
lie must renounce the Bucharest and
Brest -Lit ovsk treaties.
She must turn over all her cmbles to
the allios.
The definite announcement Of in
demnities will be determined by a spe
cial eesMon of tho allied reparation
committee, upon wmcn tnere will be
American representatives. Austria will
be required to pay a reaonable sum"
within the period extending from the
present to May 1, 1021. Before May
1 1 of that year the ciiimission will
apprise Austria of tho full sum of her
liabilities or the schedule for payment.
in raising the money for reparations
Austria will make three bond issues.
The first shall bear no interest, will
be made before May, 1912. The second
will bear 2Vi per cent interest between
121 and 1S2I and five per cent there
after. The third will bear five percent
Austria also will deliver within three
months after ratification of the treaty
a fixed number of domestic animals to
Italy, Serbia and Rumania. All art
treasures will be restored to cities in
invaded territories from which they
were removed during the war.
Expense of the army of occupation
must he paid from November 11, 1!18,
until it is withdrawn.
Carranza Soldiers
ft . v
Are llOt ImDUCated
El Paso, Texas, July 21.-Commont-
ingon WT nmde y t niled State,
Senator Fall in Washington vestprrtay
that numerous Mexican border raiders
had been killed wearing the uniform of
Carranza soldiers, military authoiities
here today denied any Carranza men
hsd been shot In the Big Bend, Texas,
district, where most of the raids have
Joe Mi.n' has sold hii f.rm it.
wii7. too ronfinin'. When a woman
(fits too much chanffe back she thinks
it's luck.
Lecture on Russia In Time of
Bolsheviki Revolution Opens
Chautauqua Season In Salem
The 1919 session of the Kliison-White
chautanqua opened auspicuoukly in the I
big tent last night with a round Of
"everybody sing," with "Big Doc "
Epley on tie platform, bulging out the
caavas with his optimism and cnthus-Jtion
lasm, and Director John Todd, of the
Apollo elub, doing the artistic thing in
solo work. The audience wa gfutify-
ingly large considering tue opening
sight, the "temperament" of lac ther
mometer, the church cr vices and the
"joy rido' absentees. ,
Dr. Epley, who has played "cUddy"
to the clhautauqua ao long that it has
become an obsession, was particularly
jovial in the announcement that a laige
proportion of the tickets pledged had
been taken up without the necessity ef
aelicitation, and that the guarantee had
6en fully covered.
Superintendent Emery, one of tne iiv-
eat wire that ever carried voltage to
the circuit, jollied the audience on the
fact that Suiera was making the finest
showing in this respect or any city in
their circuit. He assured them that
the program before them was the finest
ever put on by the .Uison-Vi ui'.e peo
The prelude or the evening was fur
nished by the McDonough-Cagleston en
tertainers. They are merely c duet in
number but a quartet in the variety of
their program numbers a tparkling
repertoire of songs and readings.
The alleged lecture of the evening
was not a lecture at all, but a personal
account of experiences in "darkest Rus
sia" by Rev. Dr. Joseph Clare, the
plump, jovial, keen-eyed and keen
witted fipastor of an English-America
church in Petrogrnd. His address
coistituted the most enlightening ex
position of present end past conditions
In Russia ever given In Salem, and for
a hour anil a halt lie ne.ia ms uuiueni-e
in close Interest.
Dr. Clare was not only closely In
touch with some of the leaders in the
Russian revolution, but was ait eye wit
ness of some of the terrible scene en-
uted on the streets of Petrogiad. More
than once his own life was iu duuger,
Taxable Treasure Is Taken
Out Of Country To Beat
Indemnity Levies.
By O&rl D. Croat
(Cnited Press Stuff Correspondent.)
Ilcrlin (fly Mail.) Svwl.iilund and
the Scandinavian countries ut piesent
house a vast treasure in German tnd
Austrian securities. Their worth can
only be guessed, but it Is estimated that
they run into many millions of doilurs.
These securities have been smuggle"
out of Austria and Oermuny ogalnst the
time when their owners would have to
help pay the German war indemnities.
Because of the movement of tiusc vulu
L.I .... . 1. r. t 1 . . !1 i Tl inivitrtiin.ittf
nuiw fjuwrm, lur w. ...... ftv . . . -
ma(l0 tron complttint in the course of
the peace nogotiatioii. It pointed out
ib.al a VMt. f""' ! "T'ZJT
' r.ovt.ring; M,
i ,, . . l i
could not be reached.
The securities were tnke.1 out by
wealthy men who desired to cseape
their share of the burdens aiising from
peace payments. In some cases, air
plaucj were used to take out great
stores of securities. In other cases, di
rectly after the armistice, it was pos
sible for the wealthy to pack up thou
tangible assets snd move quietly into
Switzerland, or some other neutral eoun
try, where the securities were sufely
stowed sway out of the reach of the
German government.
Only today there came news rroin Vi
enna of a considerable movement of
Austrian and Hungarian paper out of
the country. One estimate was that re
cently $1,000,000,000 worfh of notes and
other securities had been smuggled out
of the eountry with quite evident signs
that, the movement had the same pur
pose behind it as the earlier German
The government Is now seeing to it
that Bo great sums of money or paper
are allowed to slip through the oouu
dnries unless for leyitimate pmposes.
Germany complains that her ability to
meet foreiga claims has been materially
decreased by the acts of war-swollen
profiteers fad wealthy citizens who
chose to take their wealth away rather
than aid in rebuilding Germany, where
in these profits were made.
Incidentally, Switzerland and tiie oth
er neutral countries btve made vast pro
fits through the warj while the access
of wealthy Germans with taen lortunes
' makes money flow rather freely. Hwit
zerlnnd hat been for some time the
playground ef Europ, owing to the clo
and for months Via own family was
forced to share with the wretched pop
ulatioa in the struggle for food and fuel
to marely sustain life.
No academic discussion of tne situs
could give such a vivid picture of
the causes that led to the chsos tn una
sia aa these personal observation of Dr.
Clare the pathetie helplessnes s and
ignorance of the peasantry on the one
hand, and the imfaasy of the political
leaders who betrayed them Into the
handa of the Germans on the other. The
speaker went on to show tii.it Russia
has suffered more than all the powers
together, for in addition to a dcatii list
of 2,500,000 during the war, not less
than 10,000,000 have atarved to death in
the empire; and . millions ' more arc
doomed to starve.
The feature of this morning's session
was a strong address by Superintendent
Emery on the subject of "Human Ro
tations "r replete with sound advies
md carrying
a vera of humor. This
afternoon there was a popular scien
tific lecture of unusual excellence by
Dr. A. D. Carpenter "Worlds in the
Making" 4n which the eminent astron
omer presents some of the greatest mar-
vols of (he universe in a manner to be
grasped by the ordinary mind.
This evening there is a double treat
in store for the audience in the prelude
concert by the tillion Coucerl l'nrty
and a tlmely.leoture by Captain Hind
ley, inking "the place of Edward Trufz,
who was obliged to cancel hUdatcs on
the circuit on account of illness,
The concert company, Is nuuie up of a
trio of the most talented musiriuns in
Chautauqua work the wed known
French violinist, Ferdinand Filion; Fern
Goltra, a lyric soprano, formeily with
tho Chicago Orand Opera association;
and Mary McKinnon, a pianist and ac
companist of the finest technique.
Captain Hindley, who is rated as one
of the strongest speakers on t'ua circuit",
will have a big subject "America at
tho Parting of the Ways" in which
ho will deal with some of the gieatest
politicnl, economic and industrial prob
lems of the day. -s - j
Full Details Of Outrages Since
Fall Of Diaz Is Requested
. In Resolution As Reported
Washington, July 21. The foreign
relations committee today ordered a
favdenlile report on Senator King's
resolutions requesting the slate depart
ment to furnish the following informa
tion about the Mexican situntiou:
What steps have been taken, if any,
to press for collection of damage claims
of American citizens against the Mex
ican aovernmeiit: the uuuilwr of Am
erican citizens killed in Mexico since
Diaz retired; the number forced to flee
and tho value of the property they left
behind; the number oOvr there and the
value of their property, sua the num-
ber of nationals of other countries
killed by Mexicans since Dm.' time.
1 lie siuie .n-i.ni
today of the robbery tby bandits
tho Atlantic. Refining company's
loading station at luerto Lobes, Mexi
co, of about $10,000 last Wednesday.
Washington, July 21 The following
dispatch from Commander E. D. Fin
ney of the V. S. S. Topeka was receiv
ed at the navy department this after
noon, giving further details of the
Mexican bandit robbery of American
sailors on the Tamesi rivers
"The motor sailing launch of the I .
S. S. :heycnii that was involved in
the rolsbcrV by Mexican on July six
contained a party of 13 men, all of
whom were unarmed. Three Mexicans
constituted the bandit party. They
held up the men In the Tamesi river,
which at the place i very narrow Two
of the Mexican were armed with rifles
One of the men withdrew shortly af
ter they had arrived. All of them were
dressed as civilians. The authorities of
the Mexican government to whom the
matter was referred expressed deep re
gret that the incident should have oc
curred and stated that they were at
tempting to ascertain the identity of
the thieves. At the present time, these
attempts have been entirely fruitless,
for none of them has either been iden
tified or captured. I am personally. I
am personally acquainted with the
Mexican commander and I believe him
to be in good faith on the proposi
t ion. ' '
Volnrr H. flart, sged 64, a prominent
resident of Seattle for 2 years,
hi that city Monday night.
im rail!
for mm
uiWivlMy VVuustwi Vvt
sba Takes Evidence h
lawyers For Pu jet Scsd Co
tenders Confided Ct h b
' ' nag Out. : :
Portland, Or., July SI. (Units
Press.) The Important Columbia baaia
rate esse opened here today Defers in
terstate commerce rommisaioners Halt,
Daniels and Eastman, '
Probably fifty lawyers, representiag
the many port and business Interests in
volved were assembled with their mass
es of evidence when the case wJs called
at 9 a. m. .
The hearings will continue here osa
week and the commissioners will tkea .
move to Seattle where they wil! hJ4
court on the same case for a woes. Tho
decision probably will be given out ia
The pleasant air of confidence dis
played by the big lawyers from Seattle
nnd Tacoma proved somewhat baffling
ta their opponeiits of the Columbia river
ports, who had not beea able to deter
mine just what line of defense would T
followed by the men from riiget Bound.
All were assured that the three, eom
missioners had eome with open minds
to decide the most far reaching rata
case ever placed before them v tho
I'ticific const. ,
"Those whose lutcrefs""are nitally .
affected may rest assured there i
been no pre judging of this case," Said
Commissioner Henry Clay Hall.
This case is direrted at the railroui
administration and is tn attempt by the
Inland Empire Shippers league, Tort-
(Continued on page three)
Military AulhcritiesMay Ms
Hand In Preventing Re
curasce. Washington, July 21 (United Press)
Major Ptillinun, head of the Washing
ton police, was expected to confer with
miliary authorities today and obtain re
inforcements for his men to guar
! against possible renewal of fi(!ttiitl be-
itween whites snd negroes here.
j jiinturbancos last night and early this
mori(j t0ok the form of numerous fist
f:illlt between groups of whites and
Umg Pennsylvania avenaa.
()lllh , front of the
. ,.,ii.ll., -.I,:.- .f..i-..-i,r.r.H t &
eny nan.
One negro
Was chased around tha
treasury building. Another was
sued in front of the White House.
I There were fight " "
io principal uuicu. ouiuit., ta
r.mi marines were coiisneuoM ;
the white belligrrents. About a doseii
scattered arrests were made, but tho
serimmuges were o widespread tho po
liee were handicapped.
In some instances it was reported
taxienbs were seized by the whites sad
used l;i the pursuit of negroes. Street
cars were boarded and negroes draped
to the street.
Although fists were for the most part
the only weapons a frw club and slug
shots made w th stones carried in hand
kerchief were used. Estimates of tho
injured varied widely, mot of them -ing
so slightly hurt they were sot tak
es to hospitals. It was believed, how
ever, that not more than 100 wers real
ly injured, although others received
black eyes and bruises.
One crowd of whites cruised for
blocks on Pennsylvania avenue, attack
ing negroes, but "finally was kept at by
bv a crowd nf neifroes who assembled
in a side street. Negro chauneors om
police patrols were sent home, the is
thorities hearing they would be tons
from their sects. Ambulances wer in
adeuuate to enre for all the eal's, s..mo
injured lying ou the sidewalk twenty
minutes before surgeon came.
Keeling ha bee i running high d;iriS
the last weeks because of attack.
hile women by negtoe. m nr
' fighting broke out late Saturday aighU