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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (May 20, 1919)
5250 CIRCDUTION :
(25000 BEADER3 DAILY)
Oniy Cireuktioa ia Salem Guar-
aateed by the Andit Bureaa of
: FULL LEASED WIRE.
8PECIAL WILLAMETTE TAL-
LEY NEWS SERVICE.
! Wcaier Report J
Oresoa: Tonight and VfJfV
dsT fair, gentle aouhwesieny
FORTYSECOND YEAR NO. 107.
SALEM. OREGON. TUESDAY, MAY 20. 1919.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND M4
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i ,ST AH n J hie PRESiDBirs message hi full 1 flRHF FOLK
. oi mm
Enemy Foreign Minister Re
turns From Berlin With
Fmal Instructions For
SIGNING TO BE DELAYED
INTO JUNE IS PROSPECT
Three Possibilities Open To
German Diplomats In Con
nection With Negotiatons At
By Fred 8. Ferguson
( I'nilcA Press Stuff Correspondent.)
Paris, Wuy 20. The German pence
delegation hns received its final instruc
tions regarding the trenty, it was be
lieved today. aJK
Foreign Minister Broekdorff Kantzuu
returned to Versailles from Spa yes
terday with a define policy, according
to roliuUle information. Just what
transpired at the Spa conference is, of
course, a mystery. It seemed, however,
certain that the Germans will do ona
of three things sign with as littlo fuss
as possible; sign after some of the pres
ent delegates, have resigned to "suve
their ftices," or refuse to sign at all.
The. general opinion appears to bo that
Hrockdorff-Rantzuu whs told to sign,
Most of the allied delegates aro now
beginning to doulit thut the German
treaty will be signed before the first
of June. Koine even believe it is pos
sible the ceremony may not take place
before the middle of next month. Broek
dorff Knntzau is expected to hand in
voluminous c6unter proposals Thursday,
at the expiration of the time limit for
In the face of the circumstances in
which the Germans must accept the
terms or place their necks in the noose
of an economic blockade appear violent
objections to the treaty, voiced by
President. Ebcrt, Chancellor Hchoide
inaiiH and the German press, which mi'.y
act as a bommerang.
The allies do not show any indication
of softening the terms in the slightest
decree, Broekdorff linntznu lias not at
tained the (lightest advantage in any of
the objections lie has raised to the
treaty. According to authoritative in
formation, the re pi v to the Germans '
objections to the economic clauses of
the treaty expected to be published to
day will point out that while it is true
Germany has developed from an tui-
iuii into an industrial country, her in
dustrial proihictj can be exchanged for
ngiiculttirul products of oilier countries.
(Continued on page eight)
Gum Beasley, who used t be a bar-;ril,on,,ln;tr of interest and participation
tender, is workin' m a grocery, ne ays ; eontrol.
he Ukes th' change pttrty well, 'ccpt bj Cooperation Only Hop.
don't bear half as much news. "I alius fliere is now, in fact, a real com
go t' a circus in th' afternoon when th' irnunity of interest between eapilal an1
hippoUmus U awske," said Mrs. Mia ini,nr. but it hes never been made evi
Nngent, f day. 'dent in action. It can be made opern-
Washington, May 20. President Wil
son 'a message to congress follows:
Gentlemen of the Congress: I deeply
regret my inability to bo present at tie
opening of the extraordinary session of
congress. It still seems to be mv duty
fc'Jo take part in th counsels of the peace
rjuerence ana contribute what 1 can to
"milla vi me lunuuieru-oie qucs
Vf whose settlement it has had to
V ItenlC. .1
- -, unu, .vi uivj are questions
VV effect the peace of the whole
wo. and from, them, taereioro, iuo
I'nited States cannot stand apart. I
deemed it my duty to call congress to
gether at this time because it was not
wise to postpone longor the provisions
which must be made for the. support of
the government.. Many of tho appro
priations which are absolutely necessary
for the maintenance, of the government
and the fulfillment of its various obli
gation for the fiscal year 1919-1920
have not yet been made; the end of the
present fiscal year is at hand, and ac
toin upon these appropriations can no
longer be prudently delayed. It is nec
essary, thercforo, that I should imme
diately call your attention to this criti
cal need. It is hardly necessary for me
to urge that it may receive your prompt
To Make Personal Address.
I shall take the liberty of addressing
you on my return on the subjects wmrn
have most engrossed onr attention and
the attention of the world during these
Inst auxious months, since the armistice
of last November was signed, the inter
national settlements which must form
the subject matter of the present trea
ties of peace and of our national action
in the immediate future. It would be
premature to discuss them or to express
judgment about them before they are
brought to their complete formulation
by the agreements which are now being
sought at the table of the tonl'eretice.
t shall hope tu lay them before you iu
their many aspects so soon as arrange
ments have boen reached.
I hesitate to venture any opinion or
press any recommendation with regard
to domestic legislation while absent
from the I'nited States and out of daily
touch with intimate sources of informa
tion and counsel. I am conscious that
I need, after so long an absenco from
Washington, to seek the advice of those
who have remained in constant touch
with domestic problems and who have
known them close at hand from day to
day; and I trust that It will very soon
be possible for me to do so. But there
are several questions pressing for con
sideration to which I feel that 1 may,
and, indeed, must even now direct at
tention, if only in general terms. In
spenking of them I shall, I dare say,
be doiag little more than speak your
own thoughts. I hope that I shall speak
your own judgment also.
Labor First Problem.
The question which stands -ot tho
front of all others in every country
amidst the present greut awakening is
the question of labor; and perheps I can
speak of it with as great advantage
while engrossed in the consinerucion oi
interests which affect all countries uliko
as I could at home and amidst the in
terests which naturally most affect my
thought because they are the interests
of our own people.
hv the question of labor, I do not
mean the question of efficient indus
trial production, the question of how la
Iwir Is to be obtained nnd made effective
in the great process of sustaining pnpu
lnti;::s aad winning success amidat com
mercial and industrial rivalries. I mean
that much greater and more vital ques
tion, how are the men and women who
do the daily labor of the world to ob
tain progressive improvement in the
conditions of their labor, to be made
happier and to be served better by tne
communities and the industries which
their lnbor sustains and advances. How
are th"y to be given their right advan
tage as citieas and hnninn beiogs?
Calls for Halt
We cannot go anv further iu our pres
ent direction. Wc have already gone
too far. We cannot live our right life
as s nation or achieve our proper suc
cess as an industrial community if cap!
tnl and labor are to continue to be an
tagonistic instead of being partners; if
ther are to continne to distrust one an
other and contrive how they can get the
better of one another.
Or. what perhaps amounts to the same
thing, calculate by what form and de
gree of coercion thev can manage to ex
tort, on the one hand, work enough to
make enterprise profitable, on the other
justice aad fair treatment enough to
make life tolerable. That lmd rotd has
turned out a blind alley. It is no thor
oughfare to real prospcri'Y- Ve must
find another leading in atlother direc
tion and to a very different destina
tion. It must lead not merely to aceo
datinn but also to a- genuine ro-opcrn-
tion and partnership based upon a real
I ii m
tive and manifest only ia a new or
ganisation or industry. The genius of
our business men and the sound practi
cal sense of our workers can certainly
work such a partnership out when once
they realise exactly what it is that they
seek and sincerely adopt common pur
pose witu regara to a.
Labor legislation lies, of course, chief
ly with the states; but the new spirit
and method ot organization which must
be effected are not to be brought about
by legislation so much as by the com
mon counsel and voluntary co-operation
of capitalists, managers and workers.
Legislation can go only a very little
way in commanding what shall be done.
The organization of industry is a mutter
of corxrste and individual initiative
and of practical business arrangement.
Those who realty desire a new relation
ship betweea capital and labor can read-
iily find a way to bring it about; and
I 1 i I i u
prruaps icucrai leginuuion can noiu
more than state legislation could.
The object of all reform in this essen
tial matter must be the genuine demo
cratization of industry, based upon a
full recognition of the right of those
who work, iu whatever rank, to partici
pate in some organic way in every de
cision which directly affects their wel
fare or the part they are to play iu
industry. Koine positive legislation is
practical. The congress has already
shown the way to one reform which
should be world-wide, by establishing
the eight-hour day as the standard day
in every field of labor over which it
can exercise control. It has sought to
find the way to prevent child labor,
nud will, I hope and believe, presently
find it. I has served the whole country
(by leading the way ia developing tho
means of preserving and safeguarding
jliieaiid health ia dangerous Industries.
It can flow help in the difficult task of
giving a new form and spirit to indus
trial organization by co-ordinating the
several agencies of conciliation and ad-
lustment which have been brought into
existence by tho difficulties and mis
taken policies of the present manage
ment of industry.and by setting up and
developing new federal agencies of ad
vice and information which may serve
as a clearing house for the best experi
ments, and tho best thought on this
j great matter, upon which every think
ing man must be aware that the future
development of society directly depends.
Agencies of international counsel ano
; suggestion are presently to be created
in connection with the league of nations
in this very field; but it is national ac
ition and the enlightened policy of in
jdividuals, corporations and societies
within each nation that must bring
i bout the actual reforms. The members
jofjhe committee on labor in Ihe'two
I houses will hurdly need suggestions
'from me as lo what means they shall
jsnk to make the federal government
the itgent of the whole nation iu point-
inK vm anii, u aeeu uc, guiuing cue pro-
I cess ot re organization nnd reform.
Work for Bora -era.
j I am sure that It is not necessary for
jme to remind you that there Ms onio im
jmeiliute and very prnctical question of
j labor that we should meet in the mnsi
.liberal spirit. We must see to it that
jour returning soldiers are assisted in ev
joy practical way to find the places for
ivihich they are fitted in the daily wom
of the country. This can be done bv
(Continued on page nine)
"Million Dollar Baby"
Dies After Being Hurt
By Unknown Motorists
Washington, May 20. Vinson
Walsh McLean, ten, the "mil-
lion dollar baby," is dead. All
the skilled medical attention
which the wealth of his parents
commanded could not save the
boy after he was struck Sun- at
day by an automobile carrying
three unidentified women.
The car that knocked him
down bore a West Virginia II-
cense. As the boy did not tip-
pear hurt when picked tip, the
woman drove on.
Vinson received a compound
fracVire of the skull. He died
before arrival of his parents,
Mr. and Mrs. Edward Heuic
McLosii, who were seeding by
special trtin from Cincinnati.
Vineou at birth became heir
to the two great fortunes of his
grandfather, Thomas V. Walsh,
the Colorado "copper king,"
and John It. McLean, owner-of
the Cincinnati Enquirer ana
Washington Post. He S)M'nt lus
babyhood in a gold cradle, the
gift of King I-eupold of Bel-
gium. ne had elaborate nulser-
ies in five homes and an auto-
mobile fitted up as a nur.vry.
One birthday partr brought him
40,iKK 0rth of toys.
Odd Fellows And Rcbekahs
Continue To Swarm Into
City For Grand Encamp
PORTLAND MAN TO HEAD
Second Day Of Convention
Opens .With Business Ses
sions; Grand ReceptSa Slat
ed For Tonight
According to the official registration,
1500 Odd Fellows and Rehekahs are now
In Hnlem attending the grand encamp
ment, and according to those in author
ity, all are being properly cared for.
Of tho Hebekuh delegates elected, 234
have already reported, un to today noon
and it is thought thai the number will
be almost doubled by tomorrow.
Out of town delegates to the Ko-
bekuh assembly are loud in their praise
of the special program of welcome put
on last evening at the Odd Fellows hall
!by the local Hebekah lodge. Although
there was scarcely standing room, all
visitors were properly cared for and
served with refreshments.
At the armory this morning the local
lodge again prepared a special reception
to tho visiting Rcbekahs and agaiu the
visitors are complimenting the Salem
Rcbekahs for the care shown the visit
Old Bebekan Attends.
The oldest Rebeki;h atending this ses
sion is Mrs. Lillian White. Mic is 87
years old and for years has not failed
to attend the annual assemblies, and
not only nttending, but always deliver
ing an address. .She is from Pcllwood
and Is the mother of Mrs. Jessie Jar
vis, to be elected str.tc president fir
the coming year.
The second day of the annual session
of tho grund encampment of Odd
lows ami hVbekah assemblies opene'l
this morning with a lnrge attendance,
the Odd Fellows meeting in the hall of
representatives and the lichckaJi in
the armory. From all parts of the state
came official delegates to take part
in the business sessions of today.
Tho Odd Fellows opened their ses
sion at 10 o'clock this morning in the
hall of representatives. 'At .1:31
o'clock this afternoon there was an
exchange of courtesies between mem
bety of the grand encampment nn'l
members of the Hebekah assembly at
the state bouse in both the sonte
chamber and in the houe cf represent
atives. Reception Tonight
This evening the armory wtU h
thrown open to d"legntcs) and to the
public in an official grand reception
beginning at 8:31 o'clock. The welcom
ing addresses will be made by Govern
or Olcott, Mayor Albiu nnd R. '.
I'aulus, cf the jinlem Commercial club.
Tho response will be given by promi
nent memJjers of the lodge. The pro-
(gram will include several number of
music after which there will be the
! grand march, to be followed by danc
) At the Odd Fellows hall this evening
j nt H:;i0 o'clock there will be an exem
nlif ication' of Royal Purple degree by
Golden Rulo encampment 'No. 2S of
Portland. At 10 :.'!' o'clock this eve
jning the Patriarchs Militant will b
.given a banquet at the Marion hotel.
The program for Wednesday includes
the automobile ride to be given dele
gates. Tho tour will be from Hnlem to
js-lverton, returning through the Wal
'do hills by way of the asylum farm.
iTho drive will cover about two hours.
j returning to the city at 0 o'clock. Au-(
, other feature for Wednesday evening
will be the first concert of the season j
I of the Cherriau band under the dircc-j
tion cf Os'-ar Meelliammer, at Wilbton
park. The fountain will play in colors!
; during the evening. (
j M, K. Wstkiris of Portland wss elect ;
cd vrstcrday president of the Pari-j
larch's Militant, U. L. HiiMard of Ba
jker vicn president. 1yl K. Lewis of j
Potrland secretary and W. E. Wsds-j
j worth of H.irri-bi.rg. treasurer. The,
(Continued on page three) i
Br LeweU MeUett
(United Press Staff Correspond-
' Pari. May 20. Nine mem-
bets of the American peace
commission have offered their
resignations as the result of dis-
satisfaction with the terms of
the Gurmaa treaty, it was learn-
Three of the resignations are
(aid to be final. The others
have been held in abeyance at
the request of the commission.
. . Professor A. A. Young of Cor-
"noil, chief economic expert; Dr.
Isiah Bowman of New York,
head of the territorial intulli-.
gencc division, and W. C. Bui-
lit t. expert on Russian affairs,
are said to have finally with-
The names of the other six ac
commissioners have not been
made public, pending further
consideration by the commission
Tho six are understood to have
taken this action as an expres-
sioa of disapproval of alleged
compromises with their priuci-
plea. They may allow this action
to suffice, It was said, and con-
tinuo in service.
The others, howover, are un-
willing to work longer.
council lis up :
City Fathers Indicate Fate In
Store For Pending Ordin
ance When Final Vote Is
Bv a vote taken Inst evening by tho
city council refusing to consider the ob
jections made to granting the Bpuulding
Logging eotnpuny certain street vaca
tions, made by Fred J. Kmith and If. H.
Vandervort, members of tho council
went on record as favoring tho pnpei
mill and of granting tho street vnn
tions asked for by the Hpaulding Log
This vacation of streets Includes what
the Hpaulding peoplo have ulreudy hud
for years and, inaddition, the foot of
Trr.do street. In return for the extra
vacation of the foot of Trade, the com
pany agrees to deed to the city the river
frontage beginning nt Court street and
extending north to the bridge, and also
the river fronluge at Bellevu street.
As the city council now stunds by its
vote last evening, all are in favor of
granting the vucation with tho excep
tion nf Kmith and Vandervort. Alder
man Ralph Thompson was not present)
Inst night, but it is understood that lie
will lineup with the two opposing aider-,
men. However, with the vote taken lust i
night, showing tho stnnil to lie la Ken
when the ordinance granting the vaca
tions asked, comes up for final passage
the opinion is freely expressed that ul! ;
will vote in favor of the ordinance ex favorable weather for tho flight to Lis
cepting rmith, Vandervort and Thomp- ), it wns stntod.
Minto SeeKs concession.
After it became evident tlmt tii;
cniii.cll intended to vote in favor ot va-
eating the foot of Trade street in order (
to secure the .ii)0,lMW pnper nun, I'oug,
('. Minton, through his attorney Judge !
P. II. D'Arev suid Mr. Aliuto wouni not
oppose the vacation, provided the cit.Vj
would give him U right to erect bunKcrs
at the foot of Court street on tne prop
erty Of the ctiy to be deeded by the
Spnulding Logging company. The conn
il took no nctioii on tne suggestion.
When Win. J. Mcdilchrist, Jr., chair
nan nf the entertainment committee for
the big Fourth of July celebration, pre
sented a liotition for the use of Church
street between Htntc and Court, and of
Court from Church street to jttsge,
It. H. Vandervort made serious objec
tiim. He was especially opposed to the
Browning Amusement company.
When the petition for the use of the
streets during the celebration was reail,
and it included the use of part of
Church street for a Jitney dance, Ke
forder Race said, "I'm inclined to
think that ir. Avison will not be in
favor of pulling off a dance near his
church." Alderman Wiest asked that
the petition be referred back to a com
mittc for detailed information. It is
orcttv well undestood that if the Fourth
(Continued on page eight)
upon congress to
Repeal War Time
Chief Executive's Address Also Requests New Organiza
tion of Industry To Benefit Labor And Promises Earty
Return Of Railroads, As Well As Telegraph And
Phone Lines To Owners. Progressives Launch Labor
Legislation Program At Once.
By Robert J. Bender
(I'nited i'rcvwi staff rarrc-mondent)
Washington, Way 20. Calling for
repeal of amendment of the war time
prohibition act as affecting beem nd
winea, a now organization of industry
to benofit laibor,. and promising early
return to their owners of the railroads
and wire Hues, president Wilson today
sent his mesatige to the new congress.
It was the first time the president
jhas 'been compelled to addres-.i an all-
repubheun congress, and his message,
for the first time since he took office,
was read in both branches instead of
Hieing delivered in person 'before a
It was essentially a lalor message,
stating: at the out-set that this miration
"stands at the front of all other in
every country amidst tho present great
By calling for a "new organization
of industry" iby which workers may
have the opportunity for a "genuine
partnership'' and "pnrtlclpaiuon In
control with capital, the president,
it is held, directly sponsors the slogan
today of so called liberal, labor and
progressive elements in all count! lea.
Politicians here saw the deepest sig
nificance .in the president's stand in
connection with the next campaign.
.Senators Borah and Kenyon of the
"progressive" group in the senate,
have recently spoken iu support of
new and greater consideration of labor
Tho president point out that the
change must come largely through vol
untary and cooperative means .between
labor and capital; that "legislation
can get only a very littlo wny ia com
manding what shall lie done. "
Message la General
For the most part the message was
gene.nl in its terms, necessitated, the
president said, by tho fact that he has
Wen so long ' out of daily touch with
intimate sources of information and
counsel ' '
His specific recommendation for re
tipm! ot amendment of the tvnr time
NC-4 PREPARING TO
Mil SEA FLIGHT
Commander Read Takes Big
Plane To Ponta Del Gada
For Jump Off.
Washington, May 20. (1'imeu rri;,s,
Tho NC-4 has left Horta for Pontn
i'ci writia, me nuvv ucpuri;ncui wiisi
ailvincd today. There she will wait for
. oinmnncier eau toon tno mr at ti:4U
;B , f Washington time.
T, (ispt:t U filed by Admiral Jack-
Mta ),, (in,la ot a-. tr,. Wash-!
jM(fon ,imp lB , fllw9:
.1.4 Laving Horta 12: f0 CI. M. T.I
(g.,)rj , Washington time) for Pon-i
May 20. (I'nited
Press.) The American seaplr.iie N04
left Horta at 12:40 p. m., Oreenwlrh!
time (8:40 n. m. New York time) to '
By W. B. Hargraves 1
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Ponta del Gada, May 20. Tho Amer-
iciin seaplane NC -3, which wts missing
for two days on the flight from Newj
Koundhind to the Azores, is crippled I1V1
damaged wings, but can be repaired,
it wr.s stated todav after an examina-'
tion of the machine. I
Commander Towers descended be
cause he did not trust his Instruments,
it was declared today.
The men underwent many hnrd1iips.
They endured five hours of constant
rain and a buffeting from the waves
which prevented the big plane from get
ting into the air again.
Silver in New York todav reached the
$1.19 3 4.
in 30 years selling at
tic hibitioa act came as aomcthiR of
a surprise. T'e president swys he fcele
the emergency has passed beyond th
point where continued ban on wliws
and seers, at least, is unnecessary, but
that he has not the power to iift it
witiiont ongressional action. A bill
to repeal the act has been prepared by
Representative Sateth of Illinois, aid
probably will be rushed to a decision.
Progresaivea at Work
Wa-hington. May 20. (Halted
Pres) Kimiiltanecusly with the read
ing to congress today of - President
Aliilson's r. commendations for laboe
legislation semte p regressive, the)
Henator Kmyon, announced a program
of lnbor laws to be introduced at sure.
They rnnminted the same principle
tho president declared mut , dominate
in labor legislation a " partnership-'
of capital and lubor. in which each
shall share in the profits of industry.
By L O. Martin
(United Pre staff erniondnt)
Washington, May ?( With prelim
inary organization disposed of, mn
gres met today to hear President Wil
son 's message.
Meantime houso committed already
had begun work on three, big problems.
Tho appropriations committee tackl
ed tho first of tho iblg appropriation
bills which must be passed by July 1.
Ways and means commtttoo took up
tho Moore bill repealing luxury taxe.
Tho post office committee began con
sideration of the Kteenerson mensnre
for immediate return of the telegraphs
ami telephones to private owners.
In the senate, Hiram Johnson aad
Poindcxter planned to pave tin way
fur renewed discussion of the peac
treaty and the Russian situation. John
son planned to Introduce a resolution
directing the state department to give,
tho senate immediately tha full text
of the sace treaty, on tho ground that
the. people are entitled to know at once
all that is in it and "to what engage
ments, if any, it commits thcin."
of English Air
London, May 20. (United
Press.) Another night has
passed without word of Harry
hopwtih biplane In nn effort to
the Iiritish aviators who left
New Fouiidland Sunday in a
Kouwith biplane in nn effort to
fly across the Atlantic. In many
quarters hope has given way to
grave fears that the men have
perished. It wns pointed out,
however, that they might have
been picked up at Sen by some
small vessel which has not bees
able to communicate the news. .
The admiralty nnd air minis
try had no word in the enrly
horns uf today. '
Iespite the lack of new,
many maintained a spirit of
optimism, .hoping there would be
something definite in the wire
less report from scores of
ships of all descriptions which
scoured the sens around the
British Isles searching for some
trace of the missing men or
their machine. (
St. Johns, . V.. May 20.
(I'nited Tress.) Effort j to ft
trace of Aviator Hawker ty
wireless .have failed. The gov
ernment here and th" Sopwith
nirolane representative said
early today they had no news
Kt. Paul. Minn.. May 20. Congress
man C. (i. Van Dyke, the only democra
tic representative from Minnesota
coneress. died at 1:30 a.
1:30 a. m.today in
1 Washington, according to word received