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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (April 1, 1919)
THS DAILY CAPITAL JOURNAU SALEiJ, PREGON. TUESDAY, APRIL 1. 1919.
Our purpose Is now
M It has always
been to serve the
public in way that
will meet their ap
proval. The courtesy
of our staff is unfailing.
Hawley Speeds Recess Time
Inspecting Public Works
Representative W. C. Hawley is
spending his timo while ia Oregon vis
iting the various localities inspecting
iublic works in the course of construc
tion and others proposed to be construc
ted and interviewing his constituency
relative to public matters. Ho plans
on covering us much of the district as
possible before the special session of
congress is called and after spending
"Wednesday in his Salem office attend
ing to corespondcnce.'ho will go to Eu
gene Thursday to attend the state con
vention of tlio Federal Farm Loan asso
ciations. I'ridny aftcrnoon ho will arrivo at To
ledo where he will remain all night and
Haturdny he will be at Newport. While
in that locality he will inspect tne im
provement of tho Yaquina river and
Mr. Hawley in company with tho
members of the wsstor commission nnd
Other citizohs of Corvallis spent Mon
day in examining certain public lands
on the cast side of Mt. Chintimini, or
Mary's Peak, desired for the protection
of tho water supply of Corvallis, the
Oregon Agricultural college and Philo
math. Tho' area involved, is fourteen
Ho returned from his trip to Corvallis
this morning and will address the Six
O'clock club at tho M. E. church this
To Peace Conference Delayed
BETTERHEKT OF POST
StFYICE IS DISCUSSED'
American Losses In Mecse-
Argomie Rgkt 115,529
Postmasters And Business
Men Consider Defects
Washington, April 1 Suggestions for
oeuermcut or the postal service were
to be offered this afternoon at a con
ference of postmasters and business
men from all over the country. A spe
cial committee was appointed to con
sider the suggestions.
Postmaster General Burleson, In wel
coming the conferees, said the depart
ment welcomed all criticism. But self
ish criticism directed against policies
intended t0 benefit the pubjio general
ly would receive no consideration, he
Among the business interests repre
sented at the conference arc:
Association of American Bankers; big I
mail order houses and h I'nlt.i.i
States Chancer of Commerce. 1
MlirA tlltm aKFnnfv :......... t .. . .. ' "
- ....... v iil , -i '.) 1 mt... ins n 11 v
welcomed to the conference y Colin
Selph, postmaster at 8t. Louts, and prcs
idunt of the National Postmasters' association.
Businessmen and postmasters will eo-
onerate in planning nation-wide cam
paigns to better tho postal service in a
couiniitto apnointed today nt the open
ing meeting. Members of the commit
C. J. Bell, representing the American
Bankers' association; F. F. Pebeard,
Merchants association, New York; Geo.
Rosenberg, New York, publisher; A. B.
Schmidt, general traffic manager Sears,
Roebuck jc company; George A. Leon
ard, postoffice inspector; Charles
Janzier. New Orleans, postmaster; T. C,
ratten, New lork postmaster; Colin
Solph, St. Louis postmaster, committeo
Taris, April 1. Official fig
ures of the Meuse-Argonne bat
tle, compiled by American gen
eral headquarters and made
public, today, thow the total
American losses were 11525)
Out of 631.4U3 men engaged.
The American losses in the 47
days battle were apportioned as
Killed; 13,399; wounded, 69,
832; gassed. 18 664; shell shock
ed, ,019; missing. 8,805. '
Is additioa to the Americans,
there were 133,000 French en
gaged. The total artillery ammuni
tion used was 3,408 725 rounds.
The expenditures averaged 72,.
541 a day. The greatest number
of rounds used in one day was
313.07$. on September 26.
There were SOS American air
planes available for service.
Planes ''crashed" or missing
were 324. Enemy planes brought
down totalled 194.
One hundred and forty two
tanks were employed.
PRESSLEY IN NEW YORK.
Sergeant Albert 0. Pressley,
of this city, who won the dis
tinguished service cross after he
had captured a machine gun
and 20 German prisoners sin
gle handed, arrived in New
York today aboard the trans
port Kentuckian, according to
press dispatches this afternoon.
Peace Delegate From Eng.
New York, April 1. Sailing of the
steamer LaTouruine carrying the Irish
American delegates to the peace con
ference was delayed today. At 1:30,
half an hour after the scheduled hou
for departure, the ship till was at her
dock anil the delegation had not ap
peared. Owing to the lack of tugs, it
appeared likely La Touraino would not
get away before tonight or possibly
tomorrow morning. A big crowd of
Irishmen was at the pier, waiting to
cheer the delegates when they arrived.
The delegates are Frank P. Walsh,
formerly of the national war labor
board; Edward F. Dunne, ex-governor
of Illinois and Michael J. Ryan, law
Tho purpose of these men, who were
selected at the recent Irish convention
in Philadelphia, is to ask the peace con
ference to hear the accredited dele
gatea of the Irish republic, who ask
Retains On Kentuckian
New York April 1. Among the of
ficers returning to the United states
board the transport Kentuckian, which
docked here this morning, were:
Charles M. Ross, Portland; Captain
James W. Stewart, San Francisco; Cap
tain Carlton B. Joeckol. Berkeloy;
Lieutenant James W. Boyd, Jr., Wil
lows; Captain D. J. Smith, fcaernmen
to; Captain J. V. Richards, Spokane
Wash; Captain Cloyd Rousch, Salem,
Brigadier General Vernon A. Cald
well, commanding the 182nd brigade,
returned with a Belgian war cross but
declinod to say what he had received
1 ' , ' v
- v , - M
Trade Commission Protests
Cofbine Of Pattern Makers
Andrew Bonar Law, Lord Prlvf
Seal and Leader of the House of
Th Jonrsal Jc Departssant
will prist you anything in tat
stationery line do it right sal
lavs yon real money.
FUEL TARIFFS REDUCED
Washington, April 1. The federal
trade commission today Issued formal
complaint against the Butterick com
pany and subscribers and the Pictorial
Review company, two pattern-making
companies of New York City and have
ordered them to appear beforo tho com
mission fv hearings on May 13 and
The Butterick company, it is charged,
have contracted with some 20,000 re
tail stores for the maintenance of fix
ed re-salo price on Butterick patterns
and for exclusion of competing put-
terns and have refused to sell patterns
to stores which insist on re-selling to
the public nt their own prices.
Tho Pictorial Review company it
was stated, has entered into contracts
with many thousand retail drygoods
stores providing that it will repurchase
out ef date or unsold patterns only on
conditions that its standard resale
prices aro observed and tho patterns of
competitors excluded from sales.
Tho action of these two companies,
it is stated, cuts out all competition in
. a .1. !1 .1-..
a large percentage or me reiau urj-
Chicago oVte For Mayor Is
Largest In History Of City
Chicago, April 1. Predictions of
the largest vote ever cast in Chicago
were made late today when election
of officials announced more than 1330,
000 votes had boon dropped in tho
ballot boxeg at 2:30 p. m. in the Chi
cago mayoralty election. The total reg
istered vote is 793,000.
With an hour and a half remaining
before the polls closed candidates' man
agers declared the late rush would
bring the total vote close to 700,000
'Long lines of voters were waiting to
cast their Iballot at practically all
downtown foiling places.
Voting was orderly in most of the
precincts. Only minor troubles were
reported to the state's attorneys of
CoonSev Prescribes Cure
For Bolshevisn In America
Indianapolis, Ind. April L HowaiA
Coonley, vice-president of the shipping
board, told 350 business men of In
dianapolis that bolshevism in tho Un
ited States can be headed off by giving
X. CAKCY CATHARTIC. Sf
Portland, 0'., April 1. The railroads
of this district were authorized today
by the federal railroad administration
to reduce the transportation rates on
fuel wood shipments in Oregon. The re
duction will be placed in effect about
May 15 and will apply to cord and slab
wood shipments which are carried prin
cipally on the Southern Pacific, Ore'
gon Eloetrie sand 8. P. k B. lines to Port- the workers an active interest itrthe
land. The amount of the reduction will industries where they are employed. He
be announced later, I said that bolshevism in the I'nited
IMBBBaMBMMMMaM1,! States reached its crest is the recent
i Seattle strike and that the intelligence
'of the American workinginan is too
powerful for the Russian idia to com
1 - bat.
I Coonley advised employers to cense
tnlking to tho men about pay and hour
and muko an effort to stimulate their
: interest in the work.
Transport Canopic Bringing
I Americans Back From Italy
Wasliinglon, April 1.
Canopic is on the high
Children wake up with
'a Clean Tongue, Sweet
Stomach, Gear Head. All
and Constipation Gone!
home some troops from Italy, tne
I war department announced today. The
ltrooi, which were sent to Italy at the
jlime of the Austrian drive, have late
l Iv been concentrated at Genoa and
i trniifjKjrted from there to Marnilies.
!fpn whiih the Canopic sailed on
! March .
The Canopic is due in New lork
April 10 with the 3.t24 infantry, field
an l stuff, detachment of the headquar
ter company, detachment of supply
company, d'-'aeliinent of machine K"u
cs'pany, detachment of medical de
pa'tnii'M; (b-'.ucliiReiit of base hospital
li2 for Camp Vpton; casual eonipany
-ilj, -New Jersey.
TWO SECUET TEEATIE3
The Gasoline Problem
of Supply and Demand
The second of a series of three statements
The war directed attention to the need of petroleum conservation. Speaking on
this subject, Mark L. Requa, General Director, Oil Division, United States Fuel
Administration, recently said: .
"The disproportion between the supply of and demand for gasoline b enormous
and constitutes a critical problem.
"Projected at the percentage of increase, 1904-1914, we should require in 1927
something like 700,000,000 barrels of petroleum. In 1918 our total production was
only 350,000,000 barrels."
To meet this situation both the petroleum and au
tomobile industries have for several yean been mak
ing every effort. The problem has been approaches
from every angle:
(a) The oil producers are constantly prosptcting
for new fields. They have sunk many wells
and arc doing everything possible to increase
(t) The oil refiners, with the help ol their chemi
cal enfineers, are ever devising new and im
proved processes, of refining by which they
squeeze every possible drop of gasoline out of
each barrel of petroleum.
j(c) The automotive engineers have aided much
in gasoline conservation by their constant
improvement of automobile engines and
methods of carburization. Their efforts are
to secure the operation of automobiles on
grades of gasoline that permit the maximum
production of this motor fuel from each bar
rel of crude oil and which, at the same time,
will give the greatest power and mileage
from each unit of gasoline consumed.
All these methods are succeeding to a marked de
gree, and yet gasoline consumption is increasing
much faster than production,
, Facing these bald facts last summer, it became
evident to President Wilson and the United States
Fuel Administration that there was virtually as great
need for gasoline conservation aa for food conserva
tion. r i'
In consequence the United States Fuel Adminis
tration requested Eastern states to discontinue en
tirely all non-essential use of passenger automobiles,
and for a time this request was so extended that'
only automobiles in Government, emergency or war
service were in useon Sunday. These limitations
were not extended to the Western states, because at
the time there was enough gasoline being produced
in California for Pacific Coast needs and its distri
bution did not require the use of transcontinental
transportation facilities needed for war.
It was part of this same campaign to conserve
gasoline that led President Wilson to appoint a Gov
ernment committee to determine and adopt standard
specifications for gasoline and other petroleum prod
ucts. This committee consisted of the United States
Fuel Administration and representatives of the War
and Navy Departments, the United States Shipping
Board, the Director General of Railroads, the Bureau
of Mines and th Bureau of Standards.
The committee was assisted and advised by tech
nical experts from each of these departments and
After extended discussion, exhaustive tests and
experimentation, this Government committee adop
ted standard specifications for gasoline, not only for
aviation purposes, but also for general motor use on
laud and sea.
These United States Government specifications
were drawn up with a view to providing a grade of
gasoline that would meet every practical require
ment and yet allow maximum production. They deal
with the problem on the basis of the best utilization
of our petroleum resources, and the maintenance of
reasonable prices to the consumer.
Drafted as they were by impartial Government ex
perts, these United States Government gasoline
specifications are today being generally considered
s the most .practical standard for gasoline. They
insure an efficient and satisfactory' gasoline and at
the same time have duo regard for the necessity of
The gasoline being furnished today is more pow
erful and gives greater mileage than the gasoline of
ten years ago. Its uie is made possible by the im
provements in automobile engines and methods of
carburization. To go back to the gasoline of ten'
years ago would be to accept a more highly volatile
but less powerful gasoline giving less mileage. It
would also result in decreasing the production and
increasing the cost of gasoline.
All Red Crown gasoline now being supplied in the
Pacific Coast states is refined to conform with '.he
United States Government standard specifications.
It has the full, uniform chain of boiling points nec
essary for full-powered, dependable gasoline: Low
boiling points for easy starting, medium boiling
points for quick, smooth acceleration, and high boil
ing points for power and mileage,
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
FLY TO NORTH POLE
riPP WEARS BHANTT
London, April 1. Cnptain Robert
Raitlctt of Hew York plain to fly to
the north polo in June, starting from a
haso at Cape Columluu, it wus an-1
MORE UNITS ABSIONED
I of Ohio anrl I'vimsylvania drafted iiirn,
'"'I has sailed from Genoa, where t uold
Jacksonville, Kin., April 1. Wulti-r Washington, April l.The foUowIni medal was presented to the entire rcci-
Kipn is wearing a ulianty over Ms lift organizations have been assigned to jnent for valorous fightini with the
glim today. 1'ing Hodie's liner took a curly convoy, tho war department an- armies of Italyi . . ; i :
wicKcu iiouiwi in vcmoniays rivo to bounced today! Mm
1" i f- f 1 1 1 nn 1 the Ynnnigans,
Bsrtlctt, who is 14 years old. started "thor "'
his polar explnrntions as a HieniluT nf
the I'cary expedition in 1897. Ho head
ed the Oi mid inn go ernmeiil exposition
In ttl4-14 when he erusaed on the ire tn
jfmir iriiine between the Yankee regmars Huso hospitul 71; llltli engineers and
KOREANS BTAOE RIOT.
Pi-kin. Mar. .'if). Twenty thousand
Koreann singed a great demonstration
in Hooul on Mareh S!fl, affording to de
layed ditipatchw received here today.
Th' military was railed out and many
I'nris, April 1. Tbe Jnnmat Dei
Delisis today publifhed two secret treat-
i between Bulgaria and Austria Hun-
. . j
2".ry r.'iwinz tne concessions '"' jj, T O f
the for;Tier fur entering the war on the jii Of 11111 tCOpl
si'ie oi tne central powers. u
I i:.::-- 'I ll 1 1
llicro wcrs no train ; w.lru pioneer infitnlry; ,17Jnd aer(,
ki ii :t r I rors ; nnlmiuee i-iiHiiil cijii..int. J'J
1 k 1 to 37, ineliHive; iiiiinl rentpiinv H,
n napoitution corp'; il'iui cbthiiig
mil : .'iiiiitli btiti-liriv rnn.panv nnd I I'M
aero leplueeiiienl Kiiiiadioii.
JAPAN WARNS CHINA.
InTcsses wcfijht and ulrcnglh of Uiln,
4.-;i'-te, ncroim poop!. It Is tn.
..r.ijr Uu'Iii-l lorm i.f p!io.tiate timt
! the i,cr"S dirw-t, Vm h 'ulc-illy
j-:. f'Tia of pli'iphate na'nrnlly
. . ij brain and owe cells,
'i.l by Init.'cl.ti orlrr a irnn.rHu
I"? cf fcrtil-' tlen or niMiiPjr P.i, s. t-
vi:A W F'n'ii: II i i !'. I lio.phnti.
tM kind thnt pbjaiclana pre"Tll
London April , The .laiimi 'e mi;.,
inter to Cliiim narneil the ( hiii'sf jnv
eminent that in the event Jnpune.-s
eoniiiiereinl interesis sufer f hi ' i;jt h
iliw-li'snre i f secret agreement, ( hina
would be held responsible for the him,
according lo a news agency it;-.ntih
received from I'ekm tonuv.
' Hover, Knif., Apr! t.--Tlie xlevnirr
j 'Inn Mni'lloel, n and HiUi'en were in
eiliisli.n off hi uth IForeliind (Kent)
today. Wirelcus culls fer help were r"
'ceived from both steiimers. Later a hrir
elty tugs were reported towing the
:'lun Mucli'Hcn to this port.
V',.-- . ...
TANKS LEAVE ITALY.
I - An
cs.ble;;c:im frrni Hop
fcnsiil general here t'Nlay. nays
.'i'.'iid I'nited fc-tates infantry, com)
1 1 it I . :i n