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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 14, 1919)
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SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
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FORTY-SECOND YEAR NO. 32.
SALEM, OREGON FRIDAY," sktt a py 14,
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NEW
STANDS FiVK CENTS
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' I ti U II -- JF I S ft 1 ft I J 11 h 4 li'J . i jl-- l ill M ' in
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- ; -..w.
OF WORLD C
President Wilson Rei an
ganization Befori jieral Conclave This Afternoon.
It Was Accepted As Drawn Up, Except For
Clause Providing For International Police Force, Or
General Staff. ,
By Fred S. Ferguson.
. (United Press staff correspondent)
Paris, Feb. 14. The first world con
stitution was made public this aftcr
noon when President 'Wilson rea the
draft of the league of nations organiza
tion beforo tlio general pence confer
ence. "While not containing provisions for
tiny sort of international police force,
the constitution includes stringet meas
ures desiged to prevent future wars.
In case any nation makes war with
out first submitting tho questions at is
sue to arbitration, tho following pos
sible courses aro open to tho lenguo:
Severance of diplomatic relations be
tween members of the lenguo and the
recalcitrant power. v
An economic blockade of the 'nation
ef tiling arbitration.
Recommendation by tho executive
council for tho use of foreo.
L'se of force, however, will leave to
each power freedom of action under its
constitution to make the necessary dec
laration of war.
The iiiternationcl police force, or gen
eral staff, was urged by French and
put to vole yesterduy.
After a stirring speech by Senatot
Uourgois, it wes .overwhelmingly do
fentcd. Czecho-Slovaka Favored It.
Only the Froheh and Czecho-Slovaki
voted favoring it.
With this featuro enniinated, the con
fcritution was adopted unanimously.
Tho constitution includes a precuibls
and 27 articles, having been increased
from the original 22 article during yes
terday 's session. - - '
The lost articles are devoted purely
to parliamentary matters. The othon
cover organization or trie icugue.
CongrntulHtions on securing adoption
of tho league's constitution poured in
to American headquarters beforo this
afternoon's plenary session.
Members of the league constitution
committee declared it wns tho "golden
day of history."
They declared that despite contrary
Tumors, the French are solidly behind
" tlio constitution.
The constitution provides that ropre
wntatives end league officials shall en
joy diplomatic privileges and immuni
ties nnd that the buildings of the leuguo
shall enjoy "extra territoriality.'?
Text of Covenant.
The full text and covenant of the
I.'i'gue of nations, was officially an
nounced todrvy as follows:
"In order to promote international
cooperation and secure international
lioace and security by acceptance of ob
ligations not tp resort to war, by pre
Hcriptiou of open, just and honorable
relations between nations, by firm es
tablishment of understanding of inter
ivtional law as tho actual rulo of con
duct among governments and by main
tenance of justice and scrupulous re
ject for all troaty obligations in ded-
ings or organized peoples with one an-
other, powers signatory 10 tins covo- the league in accordance witn the cp-na-nt
adopt this constitutions of tho portionment of the expenses of the in-
Irague of nations:
Article 1. The action of the high
contracting parties under the terms of
this covenant shall be affected through
the instrumentality of the body of dele
gates representing high contracting par
tics 0f meetings at more frequent in-
A girl that's all right don't need
iink hose an' a phony complexion in
hor .business' Never tell a single WJ
man she don't look it.
ABE MARTIN '
D BY PEA
a - - . .
For Leaffue Of Nations Or
tervals of xecutive council and of per
manent international Boeretariat to be
established at the seat of tho league.
Article 2. Meetings of the body of
delegates shall bo held at stated inter
vals and from time to time as occasion
may require for the purpose of dealing
with matters within the jurisdiction of
tho league. Meetings of the body of
delegates shall be held at the scat of
the league or at such a pl;vc muy
be found convenient, nd shall consist of
represcnttives of tho r.ig contracting
Each of the latter shall hove one vote
but msy have not more than three rep
Article III. The executive council
shall consist of representatives of the
United States of America, tne eritish
Empire, France, Ituly anil Japan, to
gother with representatives of four oth
er states, members of the league. The
selection of these four stnte9 shall, bo
made by the body of delegates on such
principles and in such manner Cs they
think fit. ' "'; .''
Pending the appointment of these rep
resentatives of tho other states repre
sentatives ( ; ) shall bo members of
tho executive council.
Meetings of.thc council shall be held
from timo to time as occasion may re
quire, snd at least once a year at what
ever place may pc decided on, or full
ing any such decision at the seat of the
league and any matter within the
sphere of actioi-of the lecgiie or af
fecting the peace of the world may be
dealt with., at such, meeting."
Invitations shall be sent to any; pow
er to attend a 'meeting of tho 'council
at which such matters directly effect
ing its interests are to be discussed nnd
no decision, taken at any meeting will
be binding on such powers so invited.
Article IV. All matters of procedure
at meetings of delegates or the execu
tive council, including the appointment
of committees, shall be regulated by
.1. .i j.i i t .,:i
xne uouy ol ul industrial welfare commission, aro In
and may be decided by a majority of,,,, . ... .,. . ..,' . ..,
the Btates represented at the meeting.
The first meeting of the body of dele
gates nnd the executive council shall
be summoned by the president . of the
Article V. Tho permanent secretari
at of the league shall be established at
( ) which shall constitute the sect
of the league. Tho secretariat shall
comprise such secretaries and staff iu.
may be required under the general di
rection and control of a secretary-general
of tho league, who shall be chosen
by the executive council; the secretari
at shall be eppointcdby the secretary
general, subject to confirmation by the
Tho secretary-general shall act in
that capecity at all meetings of the
body of dolegates or of the exocutive
The expenses of the secretariat shall
be borne by the states members of
ternaticnal bureau of the universal pos
Article VI. Representatives of the
high contracting parties and of those
of tho league, when engaged in the
business, of the league, shall enjoy dip
lomatic privileges and immunities and
the buildings occupied by the league
its officials or by representatives
nttpniliiiir the liinetiiLt's shall enioo the
B - - i j
ueuciun Ol. eAiru-ii'iiiiuixuiiiy.
About Admission to League.
Articlo VII. Admission to tne mague
of states not signatories to the cove
nant r.nd not named ia the piococol
hereto as stated to be invited to adhere
to the covenant, requires the assent of
not less than two-thirds of Inc states
represented i.i the body of delegates,
and shall be limited to fully self-governing
countries, including dominions
No state shall be admitted to the
league unless it is able to grve effective
gunra-.tees of its sincere intention to
observe its international obligations
f.nd unless it shall conform to eacn prin
ciple as may be prescribed by the
league in regard to its navai aae mili
tary forces and srniments.
Article VIII. Tho high contracting
parties recognizo the principle that the
maintenance of peace will require the
reductio i of national armaments to the
lowest point consistent with national
safety and the enforcement by common
notion cf international obligation, hav
ing special regard to the geographical
situation and circumstances oi roc
state; and the executive council shail
also determine for the consideration
a-.4 s-ction of the several governments
what military equipment and armament
is fair and reasonable in proportion to
(Continued on page eight)
OREGON CITY HAY NO
LONGER BE 'RENO' IF
Consolidation Measures With
drawn Yesterday By Intro
ducers Of Scheme.
Oregon Citt..will not hereaiter pose
as a Reno for the couples in Portland
who want to get unhitched.' It seems
that the Portland folks who want di
voree8 just run down t0 Oregon CTty
and havo tho thing quietly attended to
there. Mr. Cross of Clackamas county
objects to this sort of proceeding, as
he thinks the Multnomah county courts
should d0 the Portland divorcing. Hence
ho introduced & bill in the house of
representatives providing that the plain
tiff in a divorce case must live six
months in the county wherein tho action
is filed, It passed the house with 33
votes and is now up to the governor
and tho senate.' .
"Ki;p" Kubli i8 watching out for
his "commercial traveler" friends and
also tho students wh0 happen to be
away from home. He has introduced a
bill providing that commercial travel
ers and students away from homo may
vote by applying for proper voting
blanks 30 days before an election. The
house fav tred tho ides.' with 48 votos.
Tlrf great consolidations bills, by
which it was proposed to consolidate
two-thirds of the state house office hold
ers out of office were withdrawn yes
terday in the house by Mr. Iclleman and
Mr, Weeks who introduced the bt!ls. .
, Health Bill Meets End.
Tfio health bill, included i". one of
the consolidation nicasurcs died a few
days ago almost beforo it saw tho light.
Tho agricultural bill lived just long
enough to see tho light end promplty
died, through the efforts of tho know
ing ones who promptly kicked it into
One of the consolidation bills with
drawn was to create a commissioner of
r and was intended to abolish the
dustrial accident commission and the
bureau of labor statistics. Another was
i tended to abolish the parole board,
the state board of control, custodian
of the capitol building and supreme
court building and .the state printing
Another bill to bo kicked into utter
dwkness through its withdrawal was
the one t0 abolish the office of state
librarian, tho stato board of education
and the stato board of text books. And
snother wa8 to abolish tho state kx
(Continued on page two)
Pittsburg Bank Closed By
' rion county are willing to pay tho price
Pittsburgh, Pa., Feb. 14. Charged of more rapid development and gn-ater
with embezzlement of $80,000, J. S prosperity. In tho final analysis It is
Swartz, cashier of the Park Bank of a parallel case with a farmer mortgag
Pittsburgh, which was closed today by ing his place in order to buy inuuCrii
the state bank examiner, is"ln the Mer- equipment- and thoroughbred stock so
cy hospital in an unconscious and do
Tho police found Swartz in bed suf
fering from a mental breakaown.
Bank officials announced that the in
stitution had been closed by order of
P. T. Cameron, state bank examiner.
Defalcation on the part of an em
plover, is alleged to have been the rea
enn fn tlm lonL-'a lo;,,
...... -. . ..
wm LA A
Legislators who are frequently seen in action during the
m m daotp. ANi
SCHOOL BUDGET GETSlo
Should This Eil Become Law,
Mass Meeting Wcold D
ride 0a School finances. '
Having tried tiho system of approv
ing a school budget by a popular vote,
it may bo Of moro than unusual, inter
est to the school voters of Salem to
know that a bill has passed tho ouse
by a big majority aboMshing the pres
ent election system, and rsturning to
tho eld stylo .method of .approving the
The bill provides tlhat on or before
the last day of October in each yer,
th-) district school board shall prepare
a budget for the ensuing year. Also
tli at the board shall , call a meeting
within 30 days after the budget has
been prepared. That notice of uch
nioting shall be given ia the newspa
pers in three successive, issues, the first
notice to be published at least within
ten days of the meeting
Any school elector attending such
meeting shall bo accorded a hearing
on any item of the budget.. After the
school board has- finally determined
upon a statement of expenses in its
ibudget, tho school cicrk reports same
to the county superintendent, county
clerk and county assessor 'before No
vember 1 of each year.'
i Two years ago the legislature chang
ed tho old law regarding the approval
of tho school builget, putting its ap
iproval to a popular vote of these eu
it it led Jo vote at school elections. Ex
perience has shown tluvfc people thru
out the state pay" but little attention
to these elections, unless here is a
fiRlht against the school board. In Sa
lem, thero was no fight on at tho 1917
election, but Sn 1918 a determined ef
fort wag made to discredit the Salem
(Continued or page two)
SURFACE ROADS :.
SUBJECT FOR MEETING
Business Men And Farmers
Talk Tomorrow On Advis
abilty Of Paving. '
A millioa dollars and the future ad
vancemcnt of Marion county are at
stake in tho mass meeting of ftnners
and business men to be held at tho
Grand opera houso tomorrow afternoon.
Tho initial steps wcro takou. in an in
formal meeting of rural representatives
in this city last Suturday toward the
permanent improvement of tho main
highway of Marion county. Those rep
resentatives wero practically unanimous
ia favor of bonding the county in an
amount sufficient to liardsurfaoe those
stretches of hiehwav that carrv the
! greatest amount of traffic, approximate
ly 85 nnlos. There is no question as
to tho need. There is no question as
to the benefits to be nenved. The iiu:.i
tion to be threshed out and winnowed
frtmnrrnw ia whether the vnti.ru nf "Mn-
as to double tho income or his property.
Every citizen who is interested in this
matter should consider it his duty to
nll.nj 4l.:a mnnlinn anil til. itriirtlntvft '
to express himself. let It bo demon
strated whether or not Marion county
has broadened its perspective enough to
see this problem in a different light
and to reverse its action of two years
UNDER THE CAPITOL DOME.
on f e or
SEATTLE AU THORI TIES
SATURDAY TO DECIDE
OUTCOME OF STRIKE
Firemen And Policemen StO
On Jobs Although Pay Is In
Butte-, Mont., Feb, 14. Upon the
strike voto of tho juicn ongineers Sat
urday night will depend whether the
strikes tying up Butteo, will be broken,
or whether they will continue' indefi
nitely. , .
Mayor W. H. Moloney made this pre
diction to tho United Press totday in
the courso of an extended statement
covering tho strike situation as wen as
the city 's financial condition.
Miiloney 's actiun at the offest of tho
strike in threatening to discharge all
firemen and policemen at noon of that
day becauso they could not bo paid
was one of the outstanding features of
the strike, and was exclusively carried
on that day in United Press dispatches.
Buttee policemen are still unpaid and ?!? o tlle bjU lhad counted only on
ma ret t will mmni'n f. ., ti,l17 votc8 four others lined up -with
apparently 'will remain so for some time
Businoss interests refuse to cash thoir
warrants, feeling that tho military will
police the city. Firemen are being paid,
"The Butto strike situation," said
Mayor Maloney, "has resulted in tho
"Following the cut of wages by op
erators of the copper mines, amounting
to a dollar a day and loss of Sunday
work a oertcln element' claiming to bo"
the only union of miners in Butte, pick
eted the mines and so intimidated tho
miners that they ceased work.
Nothing to Do.
"Since then streetcar men, machin
ists and everal smaller organizations
havo ceased work, largely because thoro
is nothing for them to do, in the fuco of
the attitudo of tho minors who have not
cared to go to work becauso of the in
fluence of tho small numerical opposi
te. "All miners' unions docluro the
strike was not declared by their organi
zation, but by maRs meeting. Two con
tral labor bodies, one controlled by tho
element referred to, unablo to declare
a strike, voted to instruct delegates to
(Continued on page three)
Today's Conference Talking
International Police Force
By Robert J Bonder
(United Press staff correspondent)
Paris, "Feb. 34. Tho qucattion of es
tablishing a Ibig lintornational military
and naval police force under the lea
gue of nations was to bo threshed out
in today's meeting of tho league of
Tho proposal was understood to havo
been, submitted by -the French dole
gates. American, and British delogates
are said to be opposed to it.
President Wilson in his address to
members of the 'French association for
a sMiety of nations at lihe Murat pal
-ace, indicated he was convinced that
Che work on the league of nations will
not die completed before his return to
the United States.
"I am confident that after my ro
turn to France we will celebrate its
completion at least in its advanced
stages," he said.
sessions of the lower house
i nrs o a kit
Seven Alleged Radical Leaders Are Being Sought Thir
ty Nine Men Of Anarchistic Tendencies Already Held,
Among Whom Are John J. Axtell, William Moran,
Walker C. Smith, And F. J. Cassidy, AH Prominent
BILLS PASSED SENATE
After Day And Half Of Debate
Four Measures Go Through
After a verbal ibattle which lasted a
day and a half, tho sonato passed the
four anti-patented paving bills short
ly after S o'clock yesterday afternoon.
Tha test voto camo on sonato bill 67,
considered the moot drastic from the
viewpoint of tho patonted paving com-
ana stood VI. to i. Tho Bupport-
inem arter the donate began
Throughout the long verbal battle
all day yesterday, us was the case on
tho previous afternoon, the senate
chamber wti crowded with spectators.
After tho backbone of tho opposition
was broken on senate 'bill (17, the other
bills, which aro a part of the general
scheme to curlb the paving trust, wcrq
passed under suspension of the rulos
, The debate was on tho question of
whether the minority roport of the
roads committee on senate bill 67
should bo substituted for the majority
report, and after Senator Handley had
moved tho previous question, lute yes
terday afternoon, as a means of forc
ing the issuo to a vote,, Si'nator Moser
asked him to yield in order to allow
Mosor to explain the amendment he
had offered the previous day.
Seuaitor- Handloy yielded and Moser
wound up his talk by moving to go
iflto committee of tho whole to consid
er his amendment. This motion was put
and eariied before Senator Handley
realized tho significance of the move.
After the senate was organized into
a committco of tho whole, Handley at
tempted to raise the point of order
that his motion for tha previous ques
tion was never put to a vote, but he
was ruled out of order by Senator Ed
dy, who was Sn the chair, on tho
grounds that his point of order had
to do with tho actions of the senate
and could not bo considered by the
committco of the whole.
Senator Orton then moved that the
committee arise and report progress,
and Sunator Eddy ruled that motion
out of order as tho committco had not
yot disposed of Senator Moser 's mo
tion to amend. Orton appealed from
the ruling, 'but the chair was sustained
by a voto of 19 to 9.
The committee ol tne wnoie votea
in favor of the Moser amendment and
approved the bill as thus amended.
Thon tho comini'tteo arose and made
its roport, with President Vinton
agnin in the chair.
Senator Bitner asKcd what haa Do-
come of the minority and majority
Ports which had been the subject of
the debate for a day and a half.
'"They are gono, dead and buried"
replied Senator Mocr.
"This Was a parliamentary trick of
yours, thent" asked Ritner.
"No, it was a step taken in the in;
toronts of the people of Oregon," re
Thus tho two reports were shuffled
off without the question of the adop-
ion of either one coming to a vote.
Senator Fierce and Senator Jor
blad mado the two principal address
es on the bills yesterday afternoon,
but just before the first bill was
Ibrought to a final voto, Senator
Shanks rose to say that if the stato's
public officials are honest tnis legis
lation is not needed, and if they are
not honest the bill Will accomplish no
" While I am going to voto for this
'bill, I want to say thnt tho people
who think this will stop the work of
crooked contractors are tho worst fool
d people I know," said Senator Hus
ton. Senator Orton read a telegram he
had just received from Highway Com
missioner Thompson asking the legis
lature not to pass legislation which
will tie the hands of the commission.
The Moier amendment very largely
met the objections raised by Commis
sioner Thompson in thpi opinion of
8envtor Ritner, who said, however,
that lie would vote against the bill
fc:''.';e Higlhway Engineer Nunn had
stated to the roads committee that tne
'bill was unworkable.
The Moser amendment adds these
(Continued on page seven)
Se.-ttle, Wash., Feb. 14 Police, coun
ty and federal officers are striking at
bolshcvism, radicalism and anarchism in
Seattle today. Continuing the aggres
sive campaign launched yesteraay by
Prosecuting Attorney Fred C. Brown,
that resulted in tho arrest and deten
tion of 39 men, they today searched for
seven elleged radical leaders, who will
bo charged with criminal anarchy.
Proniiuont among tho "disturbers"
arrested Thursday aro John J. AxtolL
secretary of the propaganda- committee
of tho I, W. W. and William juo.un.
under secretary for the 1. W. W. de
fense council. 'Walker C. Smith, ucu.il
of tho Equity Printing company, and
J F. CnsBidy, candidnto for tho city
council were arrestod'scvcral days ago,
Leon Green, busiueB9 agent for tho city '
electrical workers local number 77, who
tried to make Seattle "dark" during
tho general striko, is sought bv tho com
bined civic county and federal opera
tives. Smith, Mornn, Axtell and Cassidy
the first three hold in tho county jail
and tho latter in tlio - city jail, ar
charged with criminal anarchy and con
spiracy to ovorthrow the government
by nien-ns of a revolution fostered d Hir
ing the general strike. ,
Fislerman Also Held.
Aaron Fislerman, reputed circulation
manager of tho International Weekly,
and J. F. G. Daugherty, believed t0 bo
interested in the Equity 'Printing com
pany, are also hold, having been arrest
ed ?ate Thursday,
Charged with criminal anrchy, the fol
lowing persons wero scheduled to be r
rested in Seattle today.
J. J. Callahan, editorial department
E. I. Chamberlain, secretary of th
defense council of tho I. W, W.
MorriB Pass, cartoonist.
A. W. Rockwell, I. W W secrotary
John Larson, alleged agitator
Leon Green 's name is included in the,
above list, but officers are nut at alt
assured of his capture Friday.
Green was spirited away by frionds,
for fear he would be assassinated, no
cording to Hulot M. Wells, radical lead
er. Green ran, away becuse he knew
government activities would be;;ii
against hli because of his "red" atti
tudo during tho general strike, officers
The majority of Thursday's arrests
wcro made in the I. W. W. quarters,
Pacific block, Occidontnl avonuo and
Ycslcr Way. Officers entered tho plaeo
arrested Moran, scizod a quantity of
literature, and then arrested member
us fast as they cmo iu to py thoir dues
or on other matters of business.
10 LARGE JEROME
MIS CLOSED TODAY
ro-'VrriplfprC AfP NPVl rtnPlPfl
.wjUUlCl B AJJUCU
To Stop Output Oil Account
Jerome, Ariz, "Feb. 14. Two of tha
largest mines in the Jerome district
closed today in compliance with Tues
day's announcement that they would
close if the strike of miners wa not
ended iby Thursday morning.
Troops wcro placed on guard at tha
approaches to all of the mines.
Closing of tho smelters is expecteo
to follow soon on account of lack of
Hundreds of men were thrown out
of work by the tie up, which mine of
ficials predicted is likely to last irom
six to eight months.
Distress from unemployment already
i evident here. Many of the miners
are already lecaving but express lit
tie hope of being a.blo to secure worlt
els-'wherc on areount of conditions ia
other copper mining fields.
It is understood the mine owners
feel the present copper pries do not
warrant continued opera' ions if they
are to be faced with labor difficul
ties The strike started when seme ele
ments of the men refused to accept
75 ecut daily cut in wages.
AQITATORS SECURE WEIT D
New York, Feb 13 Forty nina
nileii agitators waiting deportation at
Ellis Island secured writs of hcbeaS
corpus to halt return to their home euiiit
tries. The writs were reiur. am
conrt today, ; ,.;'"'