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BPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL-
LEV NEWS 8EBVICE
FORTY-FIRST YEAR- NO. 309.
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
OS StiAINS AND NEWS
STANDS HYE CENTO
with rxi , , jrtf - r-sr?
rt.ffc i hrit
PRESIDENT POINCARE IS
TO VISIT UNITED STATES
COMPLETE AUCORD IS
certain in Dealings
mm alliel me says
Declares French Consider Wilson's Visit" An Especial
Honor, And Reception Accorded Him Was Due To
Admiration Of American People And Appreciation
Of Part United States Played In War.
By William Philip BImmg
(United Press stuff correspondent) I
Paris,' Djc. 31. President Poincare
h planning to visit the United States
after the peace conference.
He revealed this today duiing an in
terview with the United Prea in
which he forecast that France, the
United States and the allies in general,
"will enter the conference already
agreed on the basis for peace. . .
No dates and no details have been
fixed for Poincaro's visit, but Juno or
9 uly havo been tentatively suggested
to him. I
"Naturally," he said with a smile, 1
''as president of the country where
the-conference- will be held, I will be
Miiaule to leave before it is ended."
Eeporttf of material differences
viiuuug Lilt, aiMcaj iviuwic ULtiBrcu"
then rcitorated are mere fabrications.
"I do not foresee the slightest trou
ble in arriving at complete accord ov
tin to the dotaila," he said. "We are
(tl ready in harmony on general lines.
1'h.e details will be settled as sooji as
lht! -delegates get down, -to work. It will
tube some lime of course, as there is a
iTemen4o;.i amount of detajl,; ,
" Showed AppredationfV' ' '
Poincare early directed the conversa
tion to President Wilson's prosouni in
IVanee in an evident : desire to show
ti in appreciation of the American exec
"We are particularly happy over the
visit of President Wilson," he said.
"You witnossod' the reception accord
ed him, This was due equally to the
I'rench people's admiration for tho
lAuierican people and to their apprecia
tion of tho great role tho American
president played in the war. We wish
lira joy in his new citizenship, quite
4is though tbia were his home. We are
txnind to piny a capital rolo in the con
ference. Much good has been accomp
lished by his coming. We appreciate
liia collaboration, which -has been the
"Many" problems remain to bo boIv
fd, not. only for western Europe, but
t or the near east. Africa and cUowhero.
All necessmrily will come up at the
pimference, whore we hope at least to
41... n..nUf..T.., fi .. nanAnr.V
im the settlement of the principles he
tore his departure."
Poincare gmilod, then added:
Much Yet to Do
"There is so much to' do he may
et have to remain some time among
The president greeted the correspond
ent at tho door of his study in the
I'lypce palaon and indicated chairs at
the side of his desk, a beautiful exam
ine of tha Louis period. Only one ethor
jiersjn was present, a staff captain,
tvuo presented th correspondent. Tho
litter sented himself at the small desk,
v pile of official documents at hi el
I'ow. The whole tone of tho oonvorsa
fion was permeated with' the presi
owner drives m
l.l-,,.,Art wvkless that I'm elad he does
wimhlKd when he paya a repair biU.
When a feller aars. " that reminds oi9
of a little incident," prepare t' oe
Knrc.l . . .
dent's friendly feeling toward America,
. In response to a suggestion that the
fTench are modest to the point of re
ticence, tho president replied:
"Since the war Frenchmen have felt
this is a time for acts, not words. Set
upon without warning, irrance was
forced to bear the 'brunt of the fight
ing. I think the figures of the under
secretary of state for pensions, Ji.
Abram, can tell the story more graph
ically than mere words. . - .
(France's total losses to the end of
Octoiber were 1,831,000. or nearly five
percent of its population, making
France's casualty the heaviest propor
tionately of any belligerent.)
"In addition to our losses in men"
he continued, "it will take years to
recover from the purely material sot
back. That is wny Germany must pay
not only important indemnities, but
uiiut settle for billions of francs worth
of proporty destroyed or carried off.
. Districts Wiped Out
"Bntiro' industrial districts have
iboen wiped out and whole cities razed.
Germany must not be pormitted to. get
ahead of us by starting up her own fac
tories while wq are struggling to re
build ours, which she destroyed. "She
carried off our machinery; she must
build other machinery to replace it.
She destroyed our factories; she must'
furnish materials to rebuild them. She
demolished French homes and took the
furniture away. The people cannot wait
forevor to have their homes rebuilt and
refurnished. The Germans must aid iu
Poincare was very generous in his
praise of American soldiers. . -
"They came to cur aid at a critical
moment," be said. "They put a tell
ing weight in the scales. Wherever I
have been I have discovered the friend
licst feeling ibetween them and the in
habitants, whether in the city or in
"Our people and your people seem
to have something in common. This is
duo perhaps partly to the similaritw ot
our institutions and ideals, but under
neath there seem9 to be a kindred
"T m sure the eallantry of the Am-
eriewno in France has cemented the
friendship between the two countries
which will last forever."
Extensive Repairs Had To Be
Made 0a George Washing
ton Before Using It
Paris, Dec. 15. (By Mail.) lne
"black boys" they call the men aboard
the George Washington who run th;
boilers and engines and were respor.ft
ble for the safe and prompt arrival of
Presideut Wilsons' peace party in
There are hundreds of these men who
work 40 foet below the water line iii
the vessel and who in time of danger
havo about one enanc in n ecore ui u
caping if the boat is mined or torpj
doed. Tho first job when they got aboard
the George Washington eizod more
than a year ago, was to get her boilers
and machinery in order after the Ger
mars had sought to put her out of com
mission. They found the great eylin
dcrs in the engine room broken; piston!
wore bent almost double and many Trie,
es were thrown overboard.
Transported 60,000 Troops.
"I will take my hat off to the mn
who can get this boat in shape to b"
of any use in ihis war," was the boa.t
of the vessel's German eommander
when his destructive job was ernnivrii
His hat mar be -taken off to members
of the "black ganjf." -They got thins
back into shape in time to transport 59-000-American
troops to France in the
lnat rear. The first trip was made
inst one Tear ago thie month.
These boye aav an - on iour Dour
Dft ;rht boors" schedule of work.
with their daily drills, inspections, etc,
thfT set a wiaximnm of five nd a half
J boots deep in 24. Yet they're a happy
I bunch and their tenure is rendereo
BLACK GANG" tQOAL
TO Hi VANDALS
EE'S COMING OVEE
tttES, POINOABB OP FBANCB
DISAGREE ON SPEECH
OF FRENCH PREMIER
Some Maintain That He Def
initely Repudiated Leape
Parid, Dec. SI. Paris newspapers
disagreed today in their interpretation
of Premier Clemenccau's speech, some
contending he had definitely repudiat
ed the league of nations, while others
explained that he had advocated reten
tion of the "balance of power," only
until the value of the league as a sub
stitute is provou.
"Ulemenceau does not reject the for
mula of the league of nations, but be
fore its value is proved he will not da
pond upen it to preserve our national
patrimony," said tho Echo do Paris.
"The Wilsoniaa idea is somewhat dis
concerting to us because it is too
loosely adjusted to our immediate
needs. ' '
' 1 Clemenccau repudiated President
Wilson 'g conceptions of peace princi
ples and ibantered his noble candor,"
the Humanite said. "Tomorrow we
must begin &j?ain to arm. build fort
resses and make alliances against oth
ers. Ts tho loague of nations the pre
mier did not give even a polite saluto.
Our only guarantee tomorrow, as yes
terday, will be force."
Hindenburg Will Support
London, Dec. 31. Field Mar
shal Von Hindenburg has tele
graphed German financial lead-,
erg that he will support British
occupation of Berlin, it was re
ported in a dispatch received by
the Daily Mail today.
Homes Of Prominent Iki
In Pkiy elphia Bts&d
Philadelphia, . Dee. 31. Homes ef
three prominent Citizens hero were in
ruins today, the result of explosions ef
shrapnel bombs, timed to go off prae
ticnily simultaneously. One person, Mrs.
William Gray Knowies. wife of a eity
court jndge, Was .injured - by flyms
The homes attacked by the bombers
were those of- justice Bobert Von If oseh
linker, state supreme court, Superintend
erif . of Police William B. Mills and
Ernftt Trigg, president of the Philadel
tibia chamber of commerce. - - - -
SunQanes' Of 4188 to
1899 Caid TCiSrs For
Fear Ci Czcci liyjir!;3.
'London,' Dc 31. Capture t tai
teem town,. four TiUafCa aad an im
portant section of railway hy bolak-
Jvilc foroea was reported ia a wireless
aupacca roreivea rrom Moacw loflay.
Oa Christmas day, tat dupateh said,
the bolsheviki captured Nsvo-Zlbykoff,
Savliyichi, IPurOvlu, Skusslikova, Po
eoreitsy, Eadof f , Kordy, Arlorka, Klia
tay, Trupansk and four villages. Tw
day( .later they opeupiad tie Zaporo
joki railway from Nejnodasprovsk to
Griskino. After a stubbora battle oa
December 88 the - red army captured
Ejirbilshcf, The aarn day th Ixtta
took Zsgovold, near Riga.
Kusslaoa la TQaft'
Stockholm, Dec. 81. Busaiaa bolsia
vik leaden , were i reported today to
have arrived in Vilna prepared to an
nex Lithuania to tha soviet republic
Saxaona Called to Oalon . .
Amsterdam, Dee. 31. Saxon classes
Ot ISM to 1890 have been tailed to the
colors because of tha fear of Czech
jjnrasi-on, a . dispatch f rest Chemnitz
reported today. ; , .
' OrfloTs Strict
Berlin: Dee. 31. The German army
command has tclcgraphci strict orders
to the eastern command against giving
arms to bolsheviki sympatainers, de
claring such action would be in viola
te oa of tho armistice and might lead
to renewal of tho war.
94 Orefoa AKens Escaoe v f
Draft By CasceELig Papers
Portland, Or., Dec. 81 Figure which
were made publie, ,tidav by the ftate
eouneil of dofense uow that M Oregon
aliens of neutral' nations.eancelled their
first citixonship papers durinf the war.
By so doing, and renouncing the priv
ilege of ever becoming American citi
zens, the 91 aliens wore able to escape
the army draft.
- Thirty-eight Swedes lead the list with
21 Norwegians next. The Swiss are ia
third place, numbering IT. ...
ANNA WAED TIITAHY DIMS.
Svracuse, N. Y., Dec. 81 Anna Ward
Tiffany, well known actress, died at her
home here today.
Admitted Ordering His Papers To Print German Dis
patches Before Allied News, But Denied Emphatical
ly Being Pro-Kaiser.
Lies On Both Sides During War.
Chicago, Dec. 31. (Victor L. Berger,
socialist congressman-elect from Wis-
consin, accepted his opportunity today
to deny flatly charges of pro-Germanism.
Callod as a witness in his trial here
with four ether socialist leaders on
charges of conspiting to violate the
espionage act, Iierger was permitted to
talk fieely on his own carer, socialim
"Are you pro-kaiserf " asked t
"No," roared Berger. " You caa't
be pro-kaiser and socialistic at the
same time; the terms sr contradic
tory." Regarding the often mentioned charge
that as editor Berger ordered Germaa
dispatches printed ahead of allied bat-
Rtirganize Mis Cabinet
. Borne, Deo. 31. The Oior
oale D 'Italia today sesti-affir
riatly announced that Premier
Orlando is determined to reor
ganize the cabinet. Monday
morning he conferred with For
mer Minister JsTartisi, whe ap
parently is scheduled to become
successor to Minister Bcreni-
ni, minister of education..
Conferences were also held
with Signors SupelU and Ciof
felli. In political circle it is leara
' ed that in addition to Minis
ters Beren'mi aad Bissoati, Mia-
istere Zupelli, Fera, Beeehl and
- Milianini soon will rcciga.
Reports that Gabriels D'Aa
' aunzio will be made a senatr
are in circnlatiea.--
BRITISH PRESS SAYS
Chroskle CusHcrs Perpetu-
absa Of resee Conference
As Host Vital
London, Dec. 31. England 's press
heartily weleemed President Wilson's
speech at Manchester, The editorial
tone was that the prshlems of the peace
eonferenee, including freedom of vne
seas, will be easily settled if approach
cd in the spirit the president manifests.
The Daily Xewr was most eorvw in
its comment, declaring: ' '
"If that is the not 3 at the peace con
ferences we need nit havo misgivings
:ij to the oiit'eine. There enn be no
accommodation between the old Imlanc
of power order of things, whieh Clemen
ccau is reluctant to forsake and the uni
versa! concert of power to which Wii-
sou summons the' world. The vital test
is whether the peace eonference ia a
saihertng of victors in divide tho spoils
or it- gathering of statesmen pledged to
subordinate every sectional nad nation
al interest to the. interests . ox Humani
ty." ' " ;" '' .DeetsiT Test
The Times calls Lloyd-George 's ques
tion to Clemenccau regarding France's
noed of the British, navy the decisive
test, and emphasizing Wilson's acqui
escence in it, predicts that "the ques
tion of freedom of the sea will yield
to treatment by the same spirit that
animated the president's visit."
The proposal to perpetuate the peace
eonference and make it the maehtuery
of the league of nations, eoming from
Wilson himself, is regarded as most vi
tal by the Chronicle.
"Unless it perpetuates itself, it can
not escape the fate ot former peace
congresses," thie newspaper declares.
' Solid Understanding.
London, Dee. 81. Complote under
standing has been reached betwoon
Great Britain and the United States as
a result of President Wilson's visit, ac
cording to Exchange Telegraph today,
quoting a member of president's suite
as its authority. : . "f ,
The news agency said it was Inform
ed that there is now a "complete and
solid understanding between the two
CHINESE TO DESTEOT OFIUM.
London, Dee. 81. The -Evening News
announced today that it understands
the Chinese government will destroy
1200 chests of opium valued at Z,HO0,-
000 pounds (l4,uuu,utm).
Declared News To Be Only
tic news i the Milwaukee Leader, Ber-
Kcr quickly admitted it,
"They were all lies," he 'said. 1
'believed the German lies were a little
nearer tho truth than the allied lies. 1
told my men to print the German first
and then the other lies after them."
In discussing socialism Berger de
clared hie (belief that the war would
have been prevented if French and
Belgian delegates to the international
socialist convention at Copenhagen in
1910 had not blocked a d'nunciatiea
of militarism and imperialism.
Cenrt T Adjxst Esiployneit
Conditiois Eaj Be in Leagae
London, Dee. 31. Establishment of
a permanent international eourt to ad
just employment conditions as part or
the league of nations is being consider
ed by the British cabinet, the Express
announced today. "The war cabinet
is considering a proposal to ask the
peace delegates to appoint a eommision
for Investigation of the questions of in
ternational adjustment of conditions or
employment," eaid tho Express.
"A plea is expected to be submitted
for establishment ef an international
eourt to secure Joint action on such
matter. It is certain the suggestion
will be adopted and it ia certain sufh
an organiitation would grow cat of the
peace conference as part oi the ieagur
"Franee cerdially sympathise with
labor's demand that It be represented
in the negotiation and it is likely that
imnlmtn and workment will co
11 at nn tamtr'i tradtfet for th com-
i tntalK i357JJO0. Anoroximate-
ly 1195,000 will ba spent for- better
r i ok 5tas
s Own Defense
Deciding Factors In
Irish Question Will
Soon Become Known
Edward Shortt, Chief Secretary For Ireland, Does Not
Beliere Large Sinn Fein Vote At Recent Election
Shows Demand For Separation From England. Be
lirres They Can Be Persuaded To Accept Home Rule.
By Edwin Hullinger
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
London, Dee. SI. The eoming six
months will decide whether the Irish
question will be settled peacefully or
bloodily, Edward Short t, chief secretary
for Ireland, told the United Press today
The Dublin convention next month at
which an attempt to form an Irish r
l nbhk may be made, is expected to be
the deciding issue.
The oinn Femers have an opportun
ity t0 show their capability," 8)y$tt
"Sane, cool action ft would not have the slightest chanco of
; vital important m Ire'iiuctecs. - - . - '
f the most vital import
land. We will not permit any advocator
f extreme physical force to gam con
trol of the situation.
Will Accept Home Sule? ,
"I do not consider that the large
8inn Fein vote in the recent parliament
ary elections shows a demand for sep
aration from England. I believe that
from 00 to 70 per cent of the Sinn Fein-
ers can be persuaded to accept home
From otlur authoritative sources, the
United Press loarned that the Dutna
convention undoubtedly will constitute
the most Important ovont in modern
D DEAD HERGES
Wcrk On Construction Of
BsftSsg Recommenced When
Treaty Is Signed.
New York, Doc. 81. Work on con
struction of tho catedral of St. John
the Divine, which had beon in progress
about 25 years whon it was interrupted
by the war, will bo resumed immediate
ly This cathedral, situated on Morning
side Heights, -on almost the highst
ground in Manhattan, is designed by
ho Protestant Episcopal dioccso of
New York to bo inuicb tho largest
church odifieo in the western hemi
sphere, nnd it is estimated that at least
100 years will bo required for its com
pletion. As, soon as tho trpaty of peace is sign
ed Bishop David H. Oreor and Dean
Howard Chandler Robins will announce
a plan for incorporating in tho walls
of the cathedral nave memorials for
Americans who died in the world war.
Memorial tablets of "tone or metal wiil
be placed on tho walls of the nave Rel
atives of soldiers wh0 desiro such me
and these, contribution, will be used to
morials will contribute certain eums,
finaace a larco imrt or tno construe
Wealthy Now Yorkers have contrib
uted vast sums for the construction
thus far completed, but only a good be
ginning has been mndo toward the build
ing of the great pile.
Piles Control Posen.
Executed Hon Officers
London, Dec. 31. Polish forces now
control Posen and have executed sev
eral ..German officers, disarming oth
ers, a Central News dispatch reported
today. Communication with Berlin has
Eiots began in Posen last week, short
Iv after the arrival of Ignace Jan Pad
erewski. the famous pianist, who 1 ex
pected to be made president of the
Polish republic The Poles, eeemng an
nexation of the district of Posen ,r
opposed by the Germans.
TTn't Serve On Committee
Tfeat Hearst Is Member Of
New York. Dee. 81. The name f
Dr. Henry Van Dyke, former minister
tn The Netherlands, and Charle 1,
Hufhee, former justice of the supreme
eourt of the United States, today were
aded to the list of those who have de
clined to serve on tho major ' com
mittee to welcome returning soldier
because of the presence of William E.
Hearst as chairman of the committee.
Correspondence .between Hughes and
tha mavor and Van Dyke and the may
or wis made publie today. Both Yaa
Dvks and Huehe expressed appresia
ition of the invitation, but declared
.Hearst's presence prevented.
- ' 1
. New Year's dar will mark the inau-
garation of an aerial postal ervie b-
tween Valparaiso and (Sntigo, tnnt.
Irish history. It will be attenu y the
8inn Feineis. It will consist of 8ian
Fein members of parliament and several -
nationalist members and the remainder
will be Sin j Feiners especially elected
lor the occasion. ;
Won't Recognise Delegates, j
It is understood that Great Britaia '
will refuse to recognise the peace dele
gation which will be eleeted by tha
convention. As a result, the subsequent
action, of the convention will be highly
important. Government officials 'do;
clnr that AnV TAVofntinnnw nH.vnmd,.t
Well informed Irish officials say tha
British government is eoiuidering a,
loan of 8,000,000 pounds (410(00,000)
for the development, of Irish industries.
Army motor trucks will be provided for
road transportation and naval motor
ships will be turned over to the Irish
fisheries, Extensive road building will
be undertaken. School teachers' sal
ines will be increased. Special provi
sion will be made for development of
the peat nnd flax industries. -
ir Horace Plunkctt, it is reported, la
loruiug a new home rule party to re
plaev the. nearly extinct nationalists.
Led London This Morr.ir.g For .
Paris After Snccessfcl
Visit In England.
By Bobert J. Bonder '
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Indon, Dec. 31, President Wilson
left London on his return to France
at 8:20 this morning, bringing to u
close one of the most momentous events
in British history.
There was no doubt that the pooplu
as well as statesmen felt the president's
v!it had accomplished a complete un
derstanding of British and American
As the president departed, his sweep
ing declaration at Manchester against
"a balance of power." together with
Prcuicr Clemenccau : open advocacy
of a return to thai ancient form of ul
liarice, filled the public mind. i
While newspaper headlines emphasiz
ed Cleineneeau's quotation of his con
versation with President Wilson, intcr-
urelmi it as showing the president was
WwwWe toward Britain's retention of
7" 7 ' r : v": "
the premier's fieffch id attached t
to the fact that conflicting peace theo
ries are coming out into tho open, -
Won't Take Compromise.
Ground for sayinit Wi!son's quote!
remark doe not admit of unqualified
interpretation was given by fr'.oiuU
of the president, while his Manehcsicr
spoech ended hope cherished in some
quarters that he would accept a u .inpr.i
mise in the shape of an Anglo-American
or quadruple alliance, ini.ludi; ?'rnao
flsnernl opinion seemed to on tnn',
with the contending views frankly im
pressed, mu of the argument that
would hav been reserved for the pcaca
conferences will be disposed of befo.cn
the seditions get under way and that
the public will get filll benefit of bot'
sides of the problems.
To Bone Tomorrow.
President Wilson will remain in Turin
until late tomorrow when he will leavo
for Borne. There he will visit King Em
manuel. Pore Benedict and Methodist
College, returning to Paris the first of
Premier Llovd-fGorge left - for bi
country home today for a brief rest be
fore going to Pons.
The final ceremony or w men's visu
to London was a dinner at Bucking
ham pulnce last night. There were Si
guests, including the family and per
sonal friends of King fleorge and Queen
The unprecedented, thougn simple aci
of the king and qucen in accompanying
the presidential partT to the train this
morning drew an exceptional farewell
crowd t the vicinity of tho Victoria
station. The royal eouple spent fifteen
minutes on the platform seylng good
bye to each of their guests. The party
was given a hearty endoff by ita
erewds. . . - - :
The cost of living in New Yin stale
has increa.d 62 per eent 1014.