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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 21, 1918)
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east portion; fresh easterly
winds, with a moderate gale on
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FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 276.
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
a a mm a
iT llbIB9 14 II II II Till III
1 IF! IF
0 MfW- f ff 1
Surrender Was Received Per
sonally By Admiral Beatty
Of British Navy.
FLEET WAS LARGEST EVER
ASSEMBLED AT ONE TIME
Took Place At Point Sixty
Miles East Of May Isle
Off Firth Of Forth
London, Nov. 21. (12:20 p. ra.)
The German fleet has surrendered to
the. grand fleet, the British. admiralty
announced today, The American bat
tle squadron and French cruisers and
destroyers participated,, in the ceremo
ny. 'rue admiralty made the following
"The commander in chief of the
Grand fleet reported at 9:36 this morn
ing that he had met the first and main
installment of the German high scan
fleet, which is surrendering for intern
lhe "German fleet followed the pre I
DOW L LA
Or ALLIED CRAr
nnbed plan in surrendering, with tho history was enacted today when a
inception of one ship, which is now en wore of C-erman submarines surrender
l.mtc. ed without a fight. ' '
Theiotnl number nt sliln wh:h n:i.l - The iour British cruisers and accom-
niit vet known 83 this
The German high sens fleet, compris-
iug ten dreadnaughts, six battle btuib-
e,, ten light cruisers mid a number of
destroyers, was to meet the allied fieot
i the North sea off the English coast
j... c i . . I
. . ... .. ,,
to plans the German war-
to pass down aong lane
nft. The surrender was to
fillips were t
LrZ.- 1 .,w:.:!
ty, commander of the British Grand
fleet. Admiral Rodman is the Ameri-
Biggest Fleet Ever Assemble
Four hundred allied vessel
li-ed allied vessels-the big-place ahca of time and passed be-1 v fiiBmy
er" assembled are reported yond. After they had progressed about- A;i,llira Reginald TyrwUitt, com
the Gormans. The fleet in- fiye miies30- miles froni Harwich .man.ler tff the British destroyer force.
gest fleet eve
to have met th
eluded five American drcadnaugnts. J
The surrender is understood to have
t.:i!;cn place at a point about CO miles
east of May Me. . .
Mny isie 13 just on tno entrance;
to xho Firth of Forth, on lhe Scottish?
lhe cost. of the German Warships to
be surrendered under the armistice pro
visions is estimated to be at least $228,
What sits us is how a mess ser-
grant kin tell how muny U ih prisoners
?'s goin' t' have t' dinn.v. Next t'
g: odh"alth a good credit is th' thing,
The following German
the armistice, was expected
over to the allies. .
Tonnage Main arm.
j Grosser Kurfurst 25,800
Kaiserin ,r....... 24,700
Frederic.! Der Gross 24,700
Koenig Albert 24,700
Prince Regent Lnitpold
Voa Der Tann 19,400
5,400 Ten 5.9-inch
5,400 Ten 5.9-iirch
4,000 Four 5.9-inch
4,UO0 Four 5.9-inck
Kmden ...). ...
GREATEST CHAPTER IN
WORLD HISTORY ENACTED
Movie Photographers Were
On Hand lo Perpetuate
By Dn Chamberlain
(United Press staff correspondent) ,
Aboard the British Cruiser Denale
the North Sea, Nov. 20. One of
the' greatest chapters in the world's
panying ucario.i eib, wim.ii.
the reception committee, bad cleared
their decks for action in case the Ger-
rt,:,,,s Mtempfed any treachery, lhe
K'"'"" th61r stations ready to
f" 8 8lM!.nd s n(,"('. w!'c,,the L;
b,oat bem to alr""nr slngly th,ongfc
t4?,to- . . ', o!rl
Harry Foster,-a signal man, beside
.whom I was standing ou the lower
f hp , J. h , tho eai,.
. SsuWie through his glasses,
,.,f! ., kJ orni
boating "there they are
! Aonni-dimr tit oj'Lpiliilp the rcndezvoiiii
was to nave occurrea at. y:ju a. m. uui,
ttm riritivl, rorfvlipfl thft desiunatcd
s i . .....
!??? TT?" HH.
. TT n 11
iWhat Does Herr Balhn
Mean By This, Anyway?
London. Nov. 21.. (British
admiralty wireless) A Zur
ich telegram Mates thai Herr
Ballin, in a letter to the Na
tional Zeitun says:
"Thi uiilituiy, economic, and
political conditions of the en
tente are much more mtderate
than might have been expected
from our situation. We need
not only .to think wLat our
terms wouul nave oeeu mm we
been the victors. Wi should
have demanded occupation oi'
Paris and London. We would
have dictated peace at Buck
in i! ham palace, and annexed tho
entire continent, from tho L'ral
.mountains to the Bay ct Bis
cay." ' It is difficult to reconcile the
above with the report that Bal
lin, who was managing direct
or of the Hamburg-Ai'ierican
Steamship line, committed sui
cide when he learned of the al
lied armistice terms. The report
followed by a few days the an
nouncement that Bal'in had
SPENCER SWORN IN.
Washington, Nov. 21. Senator Sel
den P. Spencer of Missouri wa sworn
in todny to fill the unexpired term of
the late Senator Stone.
warships, under the terms of
to comprise the fleet turned
I - ,
I. 100 1916
1130 , . 1914
1130 ; 1914
II. W 1915
, 1080 1912
1080 . 1913
HSOO " " 1917
1108 . ... 1913
1013 . 1911
they encountered the U-boats. Thoy did
not hesitate," proceeding according to
instruction through a lane of British
destroyers, tward the harber. Tho on
ly exchange of communications was
when the cruisw Dragon signalled the
submarineg to carry out the formal sur
render. ' ' .
. Two American seaplanes were includ
ed in the aerial cscortr Small boats
with movie photographers abenrti drew
alongsido the submarined. The Germans
laughed and waved their hats av the
photographers, smiling sheepishly.
Crews Back to Kiel
When the U-boats came to anchor,
tho British transferred the German
crews, together with their bread and
potato rations aboard a merchantman
on which they proceeded back to Kiel,
thn Dragon escorting them.
The Dragon was to accompany the
merchantman as fur as tills morning's
The surrender caused no excitement,
tho only thing in the way of a celebra
tion being a blowing of a siicn ii) Har
wich. The officers and men on the Brit
islishin were quiet, tho general attitude
b;'ing that the German surrender was
so contemptible it was nothing to crow
I It was
fitting that the surrender
should be received by the man who was
Former Kaiser Expected
To Return To Potsdam Soon
Copenhagen, Nov 20 At Pots
dam it is expected that the for
mer kai.ser will soon return.a
Berlin dispatch s'nted today.
. The former haiscrin is staying
at Prince Eitel Fiiediich ' pal
ace at Ingelheim. Tho former
crown prince's family will re
main at Potsdam.
Amsterdam, Nov. 20. Dutch
officers nay the former kaiser
is cheerful at all . times and
avoids any references to tho
events transpiring in Germany.
. Hollanders generally believe
he has signed no formal abdica
tictif but merely came to Hol
land for personal safety and will
reside here, if permitted, until
the German national assembly
decides upon the future form of
Hold Bail Heads.
Washington, Nov. 21. French troops
.occupying Budapest, the Hungarian
capital, included a division of gOOO
men, while two other division, are to
hold important rail heads, according to
official diplomatic dispatches from
Inffjenza has been stamped out in
Sun Francisco and the city has discard
WPEN MURPHY IS TO
Change Is Made, Says Govern
or Because Expenses hie
Before the first of the new year War-1
den Charles A.' Murnhy of the stato
penitentiarv will bo discharged and
Robert L. Htcveiis, lormeny sncrui or
Multnomah county and now living ia
New York, will be appointed to, the
I lace. "
Announcement to tnis enec.i was
made today by Governor Withycombe,
who said that he was making the
change in wardens because of the fail
ure of Warden Murphy to hold down
the expense of maintaining the prison.
Prior to the recent election it was
predicau that Wardon Murphy would
or dismissed soon after the election be
cauiie of 'I ho friction between him and
Parole Officer Joe Keller, as it is
known that Keller, with his strong pull
wlta the governor, has been responsible
for more than one warden losing his
j'lO. , -
B'jt no mention is made of- this mat
ter Uv the governor iu giving the rea-m-
why If will dismiss t .ao.i .Mur
phy. The governor bates the change en
tirely on what he terms the inability
of Warden Murphy to manage the insti
tution on a business basis.
;" While I have a high regard for
Warden Murphy as a man," said the
goveruoi today, 4 'there is something
lacking ut tho institution. The expense
hag been piling up in a manner which
I do not think is warranted."
The governor pointed to the prison
commissary as one of the places where
tliore'wore big leaks. Ho said the con
victs who have access to the commis
sary are- given - too 'much -.lcaway and
thev take out things and distribute
them aiiioiie tho convicts. ' .
'There is a lack of close discipline
over mc convicts m that department,
said Hit chief executive. ,;
The change will take place the first
of the year.
In the liicantimo tho ,Marion county
grand jury is investigating the prison
parole-selling scandal, which brought
the long standing friction between, the
yordeu and Parole-Of ficer Keller out
into the open as Keller charged Mur
phy was behind a fmrne-np to connect
him with the scandal. It is also uu
derstood that the grand jury is inveS'
tigatmg the cost of running the prison
I pud :imy make some report along that
I lino. .
CONDITIONS OF WAR
Pershing To Send Names Of
Men So American Famil
ies Can Be Informed.
By Cart D. Groat
(United Press staff correspondent)
Washington,' Nov. 21. The war de
pnrlment has cabled General Pershing
ordering him to send quick'y names of
incoming prisoners with a statement
rf (heir condition.
Tlie message should havj reached
Pershina- vesterdav or Tuesdny, but up
.:ta this afternoon ho made no response.
I tWhilc waiting this information, the
! state department will do nothing by
' wey of following England's course
notifying Oermany (die can expect no
! food "relief while prisoners nic badly
somewhat apprehensive' todn; .over the
possible condition of returning Ameri
can prisoners in view of revelations
about British prisoners.
Press repofts indicate that many
British have been freed without food
and in impaired physical shape.
The war department has made ar
rangements for systematic handling of
prisoners reports here and expects soon
to inform the nation of its plan, for
keeping relatives in this country post
ed as to prisoners: The system will be
comprehensive, it was tat u, and the
department's intention ig to give the
fullest publicity in the quickest time.
PLANT "MEMORIAL TREES."
Viashincton. Nov. 21.
trees'" for the soldier dead in the world
war will be planted throughout the
U::itcd States et spring, according to
'plans of the American Forestry sssociu-
From evnrv tiart of the eountrv 4r3
coming endorsements by governors, wo -
men's eiubs and other organizations.
It is - planned to plnnt "victory
oaks" "victory walnuts" and "vict.
ry elms" along the Lincoln highway
and other great roads. . J
Rolling Kitchens Are Sent Out
Along Heads lo Meet And
RED CROSS UNITS CARE
FOR CIVILIAN REFUGEES
Returning Prisoners Are Cent
mg By Way Of Belgium,
By Fred S. Ferguson
(United Tress Staff Correspondent)
Paris, Nov, 21. The Gare De L 'Est
is a temple of mingled joy and sorrow.
Repatriated war prisoners, hungry
and tattered, are arriving there day
An American -mother hovered on the
edge of the crowd today, hoping to find
some liberated American who could tell
of her aviator sou who was taken pris
oner. Nono of the few Americans ar
riving knew him. The mother contin
ued waiting and watching. T
Two of the Americans who, arrived
today formerly were caddies for a Buf
falo golf club, They are. mcrp boys,
but thoy have the, appearance now pi
Work Day And Night.
French and American Red Cross wits
aro working day and night to aid the
prisoners. Thoy are , also caring for
great numbers of civilian refugees
Among the latter were two boys of
17, who had been prisoners for four
years. One had a boho helmet he had
carried about with him two years. The
returning prisoners mostly are French.
They are attired in a nondescript garb,
garnered, it would seem, from all the
armies of the world. Home had German
overcoats, American hats and French
and British tunics and trousers, or any
other kind obtainable. Upon their ar
rival in Paris, they are all given a hot
meal. American Red Cross workers dis
tribute Woolen soocks and underwear
among them and furnish all wTith cigar
ettes. Many Collapse On Way
Only the strongest are' able to reach
the city. After walking scores of miles
and sleeping in the open, many col
lapsed before they were met by the
advancing allies, and sent back by
motor trucks or train.
The American committee for devas
tated France sends out rolling kitchens
along tho front to meet the prisoners
on the mads and aid them in reaching
the armies of occupation.
Home of tho prisoners arc
oy way or Belgium, oiners oy wny o.
Verdun, or through Alsace-Lorraine
All these roads arc paths of misery,
AMERICAN 1! OF
Mayor Of Luxemburg Crossed
Lines And Paid Respects
To General Pershing.
By Webb MiUer
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With the, Americans Advancing To
ward the Uninc, Nov. 20 (Night.)
I'l An.-'-i-ini urn.v of occupation if
now standing' on tiie soil of four conn
tn-s 1'n ncc. lii in,. Luxemburg and
'crm:'! 1.' inilii"'.
Tcil -y's iidvance
ulted in the oc
cupation of a scoy;
of villages and
towns. vc reached tontoy ana vury,iurther movement.
in Lorraine, the latter town being only
ten mile, north of Metz. Further to
duchy of Luxemburg passing through
- Each. American outposts are now only
'a few miles from the city of Luxem-
burg. Tho capital is gaily decorated
Jwith flags; the people expectantly
awaitinir tho entry of the Americans.
; The mayor of Luxemburg crowed ike
! lines in an automobile and paid his
respects to General Pershing at Long-
umn, which is now bis Deadquartcrs.
(Continued on page four)
Disposal of Turkish
Capital is Question
President Wilson Has Expressed Belief That Dardanelles,
Bosphorus, And Strategic Heights Dominating Water Pas
sages, .Should Be Internationalized. Some Allied States
men Doubt Turk Will Be Driven From Constantinople.
By Raymond Clapper.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington Nov. 21. Disposition of
Constantinople is bcinc discussed in
formally by allied statesmen and diplo
mats, it was learned today. This pro
mises to do one or tne most vexing
questions coufrontine tne peace couier
President Wilson hn9 expressed the
belief that the Dardanelles, the Bosph
orus und the strategic heights dominat
ing tho water passages, should bo in
ternationalized. But some allied sta
tesmen express doubt as to whether the
Turk will be drivon from Constants
Greece, through Premier Veulzclos,
now in Paris, is demanding expulsion
of the Turk from Europe. Many Hell
enic statesmen and diplomats are point
ing to tho historic -osition of Constan
tinople as tho capital of the aucient
nvxnntlne enimrc in proof of their con
tention that Greece receive this valued
point.: ' . ' ' ' ' " -
" British Vlow Differs,
Tho British view is that while much
can be said for the ejoction of the
Turks from Constantinople, it, must bo
considered that more than ono half of
tho population is Turkish. Tho British
Reports Indicate That Bolshe
viki Are Attacking Allied
Forces On Front.
London, Nov. 21. Heavy fighting in
tho Dvine river region between bolshe
viki and allied forces Monday and
Tuesday is reported by the war office.
T, l, j... tia,.1, llin nllies nil
h0 rQnt aml fUnk MondaV( peuetrat
jug several villages ana lorcug inoix-
way to the Canadian tiattery positions,
wlicro thev were held American and
British infantry then counter attack
ed, throwing Jhe enemy back wltu
The fighting was resumed Tuesday,
the bolshevik! ibeing beaten with great
For Possession Of Lemberg.
Vienna via London, Nov. 21. Bitcr
fighting is reported to be under way
between Ukniinian-s and Poles through
out Bnutlipvn Hug Hill.
The principal bat.lesre being fought J
for possession of Lemberg, which ilHll ( ,ta,n t0
L ii i ,i. vi... m,.i.t I would welcome
now neiu uy uiu i .iwuimuita. rmms
is also going on at Kolomwa, Pr.emysl
Przemysl is fifty miles west of lem
berg. Htaiiismus is 73 miles southeast
of Lemberg, Kclomea is thirty- five
miles southeast of Stanislaus.
Zur!ch,'Nov. 21. Field Marshal von
Mackensen's troops engaged in a bn'tle
with Czech soldiers Sunday, according
to the Pester Journal.-
Tho Czechs insisted on disarming the
German who were retreating to Press
burg. The Czechs then tore tip the
railway, preventing von juacKonsen s
Former Crown Prince To
Bev Interned On Island
Amsterdam, Nov. 21, The Handels
blad says the former crown prince will
be Interned nn the Inland of Wiering.-n
in tho Zuidcr Zee. A small house i.i
said to have been rented there for him
and his attendants.
I Tho island of Wieringen is about six
'mi!o .onjgSjind has a population of 8000.
delegation win go to tne peace conrer
ence open-minded on this point, it was
officially1 stated. Thoy will, however,
insist on the overthrow of the present
tyrannical rulers of Turkey.
The Dardanelles and the Bosphorut
must bo freed and Armenia must ba
cleared of Turkish oppresion.
British purposes include liberation of
all subject races, including Jews, Arabs
and Kurds. ' .Ji
Keep Dardanelles Open.
It is possible that tho waterways and
the land heights dominating them
might be international while the city
of Constantinople will bo left to what-
A.,nn,Ant la in imntvnt ill Tur
key, Diplomats point out that the civil
ian populution of tho city is a purely
local matter and that it is possiblo that
a zone will bo carefully designed which '
cut off strategic and harbor points from
tho remainder of the city.
Another plan is to form a joint gov-'
eminent, consisting of representatives
of the allied powers or a league of na
tions, with delegates from the local
nntu.lat ii.fi Tlirt riritn nltieCt. it ia Said-
is to keep the Dardanelles open to all
nations. ' . ' -
Cables reaching the Greek lcgatloiv
today declared the admiral o the Greek
navy and his flagship are with tho oth-.
er allied forces at Constantinople. "
WHEN FRENCH ENTER
Former Officials Are German
And Showed Only Mild Sort :
By Prank J. Taylor.
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Met., Nov.20. (Night.) Peasant
and trades-people were tho ioutiest in",
their cheers when the French resumed
control or Lorraine. ;ine reason is iiiui
most of the workers aro uativo Lor
miners and heartily pro-French. They
constitute a strong majority of the po-i
pulntion. Their children usually speak
French, although that Iangnago has
boen "verboten" since 1914.
There was only the mildest enthus
iasm aiuong( former office holders andi
professional men. These are mostly
from Germany and had a monopoly on
tho jobs with fat salaries. Many of
them intend to stay under French con
trol, apparently. I talked .with dozens,
of them and failed to find any who
contemplated pulling nut. They worn
nerailv philosophical and said they
to become French and
the new liberty.
Sabotage of supplies is confined mos
tly to leather. Shoes made of that mc
teriul arc practically unobtainable
most of them being made of wood.
Clothes lire expensive but can bo
bought if one has the price, Bread i
nr.fr nfl-lifllllni.lv aflOI-flA IHlt I. flf TUtltT
iiw ,. w- ...... v "-.-, - -- I -
quality. There is plenty of meat ami
Thrco French newspapers, suppressol
in 1914, resumed publication yesterday.
They were combined temporarily. Both
French and German newspapers wel
comed French occupation.
The German population appear to b
almost ns friendly toward Americans as
tie French. It seemed that everybody
'md ouestion. to ask concerning rela
tives in tho United States.
Premier Clemtnceau will enter the)
city when the civil government takes
control after ten days of semi-military
The Fiench armies will enter Strass-
Diirg on CTuiuiny.
COAL PRICES WON'T SOAR.
Washington, Nov. 21 Anthraci'.c,
coal prices to the consumer will not la
allowed to soar unrestricted beeui.ta
of miners' wage Increases, tfce fuel ad
ministration announced tuday. ;