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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 11, 1918)
(i i.OOO READERS) DAILY
Only Cirrulation iu Salem Guar
anteed by the Audit Bureau of
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL.
LEV NEWS 8EBVIOB
FORTY-FIRST YEAR- NO.
-G reat Vict ory of th e A ll ie a
Armies' Means to World
Struggling People Must Be
Helped to Achieve Liberty.
B7 Carl D. Groat v
(United Press staff correspondent) .
Washington, Nov. 11. President
Wilson this afternoon told congress
mid the world the tonus Germany ac
cepted -when she signed the armistice.
These terms pictured Germany 'sur
rendering abjectly to General Foch, on
the field, her armies beaten, her gov
('nnicnt overturned, and her master in
'light. - '
A small congress and a Email crow
lieard the president's burning words,
tint enthusiasm run riot.
The president's address follows:
"Gentlemen of the congress:
"In these anxious time. of rapid
id rtupcmlous clinugcg it will in some
decree lighten my sense of . responsi
bility to perform in poison the duty of
communicating to yeu some of the
lurgo circumstances of the -situation
with which it is necessary to deal. The
Gorman authorities who have at the
invitation of the supreme war couu-
been in communication with Mar
iial Foch have accepted and signed i
the terms of armistice, wh:ch he was
uthonzed and instructed to communi-i
ate to them. These terms are as fol
lows: " Military clauses on tho western
i cessation or operations Dy ianu
mid in the air six hours after the sig
nature of the armistice.
"2 Immediate evacuation of invad
ed countries, Belgium, France, Alsace
iorraine, Luxemburg, so ordered as to
le completed within fourteen days from
the signature of the Armistice. German
troops who have not left the above
mentioned territories within the per
iod fixed will become prisoners of wur.
Occupation Iby the allies and United
fcitates force "jointly will keep -pace
with evacuation- in th?se arras. All
movements of evacuation and occupa
tion will be regulated in accordance
with a note annexed to the stated ternig
"3 Repatriation beginning at once
and to be completed within fourteen
days of all inhabitants of the countries-above
-mentioned, including host
ages and persons under trial or con
victed., "4 Surrender in good condition by
the German armies of the following
equipment: five -Thousand guns (two
thousand five hundred heav', two thou,-,
and five hundred field), thirty thous
and machine guns. Three thousand min-
ewerfer. Two thousand airplanes
(f'ghters. bouibersr firUly D s-jventy
threes and night bombing machines.)
The above to be delivered in situ
to the allies and the United JAtates
troops in accordance with th? detailed
oinditions laid down in the annexed
x ' "
A J ' ' "''"' ;V'; .;':, ' WeailierReporl
ov. ii it was omciauv announced tnat ine Armistice wit
London, Nov. 11. "Tho em-
piro and its allies have won the
greatest victory in history,''
declared Premier Lloyd-George
today in an address from tho
stops of his residence.
" You are well entitled to re-
joice. It is you, and your -sons
and daughters who have done V
it. Let us thank God." s!
"5 Evacuation by the German arm
ies of the countries on the, left bank
of the Rhine. These countries on tho
left .bank of the Rhine shall he admin
istered by the loeal authorities under
the control of the allied and United
States armies of ' occupation. The cc-
cupatioq .of these territories will bo de-
tennined be allied and United States
garrisons holding the principal cross
ings of the Rhine, Maycnee, Coblenz,
Cologn vtog. ther with bridgeheads at
these points in thirty kilometer radius
the right bank and bv garrisons
similarly holding the strategic points
of thi region. A neutral zone shall be
reserved on the right bonk of the
Rhino between the stream and a line
drawn parallel to it forty kilometers
to the east from the frontier of Hol
land to the parallel of Gcrnsheim and
thirty kilometers from the cast of the!',r,'9 w,', ",ut of the bilin
stream from this parallel upon Hwiss
" lvncnatiOn hv thfl OTieniv irif the
Rhlrelands s-hall be so ordered as to be
completed within a fjirther period of
anon , oil io Aax ,b.. .hoi
signature 'of the armistice. All move-jbaek areas, like wildfire. Villages P", Nov.. 11.-" The French torpe,
ments of evacuation and occupation ; were aflutter with flags, the American j doboat Mangiui, with Brigadier Gcn
will bfi resfulated according to the note;ensign predominating. The streetsjeral Du Noust aboard, entered the Dur
annexed. were lined with cheering townspeople, jdanelles," it was officially announced
V6 Jn all territories evacuated by 'who attempted to embrace embarrassed i today,
the enemv, there shall be no evacua-i doughboys. ! "They will anchor opposite Constan-
tion of inhabitants, no damage or harm Lines of transports, bound for thcjtinople, where they will soon be joined
shall be done to the" persons or prop-'front, were filled with singing men. I by the allied srjuardons.
ertv of the inhabitants. No destrue-! The l,ell in nil the plmrchpn in the I "The admiral commanding tho
tion of any kind to be committed. Mil-.baek area were wildly ringing
itary 'establishments of all kinds shall, '
be delivered intact as well as military' HOSTILITIES CEASE
stores of food, munitiors, equipment;
not !o be removed during the periods!
fixed for evacuation. Stores of food j
of all kinds for the civilian popula-j
tion, cattle, efc., shall be k-ft in situ.
Industrial establishments shall not be
impaired in any-way and their per-
'Continued on page three)
FOR MILITARY DUTY
.Other Activities Of Selective
Draft Law Will Not Be
.Washington, Nov. 11. President
Wilson today aotified Provost General
Crowder to notify- all draft boards
that calls now outstanding for mili
tary service bo cancelled.
Orowdor announced in his telegram
to draft boards "merely to cancel out
standing calls and stop the entrain
ment tliercundor of men for the army
All registrants released from induction
under the provisions of this telegram
are liable for immediate call in the
usual manner at any time.
"The orderly process of classifica
tion, physical examination and other ac
tivities of the selective diuft law wttl
not be affected or interrupted as the
result of this telegram."
Trains euroute to camp now have
been ordered back.
"ITS OVER, BOYS!"
By Webb Miller
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the American Armies iu France
Nov. 11. (2:10 p. m.) Motorcycle
couriers tore along the roads today
"It's over, boys! "
Marching columns, tired and mud
spluttered, were galvanized into new
life. They shouted, laughed and sang.
I saw several doughboys under full
packs fox trotting in the middle of the
roads, the cheers rang from column to
In the race back to the nearest cable
office I passed many detachment who
had not heard of the armistice. It was
easy , to tell by their appearance who
had heard the news and who had not.
Two words "its over" changed
the giim men into laughing boys.
Viithm one minute after the firing
had ceased the bella in war-shattered
Verdun began pealing. '
Onlv a few minutes before eleven
the bodies spitefully fired a few
shells into Verdun. As silence again
setticd on the streets, after tho explo
sinns, laughing and shouting aough-
Aiuericau flags were flung from the
windows of the ruined buildings. Loco
motive whistles screeched. A real
American celebration began
gniliR strong when I left.
The news spread for miles into -the
Prime Minister Lloyd-George"
nonnced that the cessation of hostilities ;
was effective at 11 a. m. on all fronts-as the seconds ticked away. They fired
;of Europe. 'right up to the last, saving the shell
j eases of the final rounds as souvenirs,
Geneva, Nov. 10. (Delayed.) Thj; Soveral 14-inch naval guns sent their
German mark fell nine points on the ex final shells hurtling far into tho Ger-t-bange
hero yesterday, iuau lines.
SALEM, OREGON, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1918.
a. m.; hostilities suspen
GREAT PROBLEMS ARE
Twenty Four Great Nations
Fought During Four Years
By Robert Bender
-(United Press staff correspondent)
Waahingtpu, Not. 11. At six oclocS
this morning United States eastern
time the greatest war la history caine
to an end.
The stats department officially an
nounced early today that German plen
ipotentiaries signed the United States
allied armistice terms at Foch 'a head
quarters at five o'clock this morning
and that hostilities ceased at 11
o'clock (both French time.) While an
armistice merely halts war and does
not ona it, the terms laid down
Marshal Foch aro sueh as to prevent
Germany from renewing hostilities. I ;
The war therefore, may. be regarded: AlnHtt.,.(1(,m 'Nov. n.-Tho work
as definitely ended. , I ,en's and soldiers' council of Frank
There remain nowMtie great prob- , ... i ,i..:,i.,j . ...,, ..i,i:..
lenis of the peace conference ana the
gigantic work of returning the fighters
to their home lands. As to the first, J
Geiupva and Brussels are mentioned as
tkA i:i.nl.. ,..l..(u 4-l.n r.n.,..
iie-Botlatinns for the .econd- the ren-
oral staff has already completed its
Throughout the nation todav ccle-!
bratious were held, President Wilson,
aroused from his bed at an early hour
and told the news a'ld prepared a state
ment for the country. Prom the white
house to every land there whs rejoic
ing. Thousands of telegrams poured in
to Washington, reflecting tne great
relief that tho strugglo wiis over and
the anxiety of relatives for news of
when their boys might return.
America, free from the ravages of
war, unscathed by the dcitnictive hand
of the Hun hordes, looked aeri ss the
sea to find the battlefields of Franco
(Continued ou page two)
Last Dispatch From
Troops In Action
By Webb MUlir
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With the American Armies in France,
Nov. 11. Heavv artillery firing con-
tiiiued through the night. It wag aud
ible 25 miles in the rear of the Amer-
TliK German guns replied, but were
fairly smothered by the Yank fire.
This di!.paten was filed from tie
front just 40 minutes before hostilities
! French naval division in Hvrian waters
I wired that Alexandretta was occupied
Rhortlv before 11 o'clock the Anieri-
can uunners stood with watch in hand,
NEW REPUBLICS ARE
ALL OVER EUROPE
Kings And Kaisers Having
Dificulty In Fnding Places
To Flee To. ,
Basic, Xovv itThe. khig- of lWur
tcmburg abdicated Friday,
Berne, Nov. 11. The king of Wur
tomburg had fled from Stuttgart,
through fear of violence. His destina
tion is unknown.
Geneva, Nov. 11. A ' republic
been proclaimed in Hesse.
Copenhagen, Nov. 11. Emperor Karl
and Empress Zita of AuBtriu-lIungary
have fled to the Warteire castle in
ISwitaerltind, tho Berliner Tageblatt: an
i nil I imvu ui-tmu iu xuiiu a iiuuiiii..
They control Mannheim, Chemnitz,
Nuivuiburg, Emmerich, Oldenburg and
Tlie 1IaS''e, Nov. 11.-A perplexing
question was precipitated by the amvul
, of former Kaiser Willium and ms party
Holland, incy were an neaviiy
ed tmil their internment, thcrefoio,
The Dutch officials arc silent ou the
question of internment.
When the former kaiser's train ar
rived at Eysderr station, 7:30 yestcrduy
morning, it was seen thut all of the lit-
j tendantg on the ten cars were heavily'
armed. . '!
i Willielm, who walked up an.d down j
the station platform, calmly smoking a'
cigarette, was attended by the foimer
i(.rwu prince and an old' man In na:-1
form, supposed to bo Field Marshal Voii
Washington, Nov, 11. America's
great war work now is to assist in
the establishment "of just democracy
throughout the world," said President
Wilson in a proclamation announcing
the signing of the armistice today- He
"My fellow countrymen: The armis
tice was signed this morning. Kvery
thing for which America fought has
been accomplished. It will now bo our
fortunate duty to assist by example, by
sober, friendly counsel and by mater
ial aid in the establishment of just
democracy throughout the world.
The president then ordered that all
government departments be given a
A ML RICA'S CASUALTIES.
Washington Nov. 11. America's
casualties, made public this morning,
totalled C9,fi20. Of these 12,400 were
killed in atcion Thousands more have
been killed, wounded or captured and
probably it will be many weeks before
the las tlist is compiled.
New York, Ivov. 11. lhe board of
governors of the New York Stock Ex
chaiie announced shortly before 10 a.
ni. that the exchange would not be
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON ALL FRONTS
French Naval Division
AUSTR1 AN FLEET HANDED
0VE TO ITALIANS
Restitution Of Merchant Ships
To Allies According To
Home, Nov. 11. The entire Austrian
fleet has been handed over to tho Ital
ians and is interned in Venice, cpaiatu
Buccari is in the Istrian peninsula,
six miles southeast of Fitime. Spalato
is in Dalmntia, seventy-five mies south
east of Heria.
Supplementary clauses of the armis,-
tieo, it was announced, provided that
before If) a. m. November 0, Austria
must place iu Venice the' vessels Tegliel-
doff, Prince Lugenfer, Diuadi, Max
suida, Novara and Heligoland; nine de
stroyers;, 12 tnrbedoboats, 15 submn
rincs and all German submarines in
Austio-IIdngnrian wnters. Other units
of the fleets were consigned to Spalato
and Buccari, Restitution of merchant
ships t0 the ullies was carried out ac
cording to agreement.
An explanation has been made con
corning occupation of Finnic, which wn
not -mentioned in tho pact of Lond.in.
On October 30, the Italian national
council, assembled in Fiume, passed a
resolution declaring that city united to
"Mother Italy" and asked the saticticti
of the peace congress.
American lied Cross trains are eurrj
ing food into the devastated districts.-
t - AB2 MARTIN I
"I'll be sorry when th' war's over
'cauw it's so easy t ' diet," said Grau'
maw Pash, t'day. Mrs. Lafe Bud has
a boudoir cap, but no Foru",
ded at 11
ON TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FIVE CENTS!
( Frederich' Ebert, Socialist, Is
self Appelated Chan-
HEAD OF KRUFP GUN ' .
WORKS UNDER ARREST
Food Situation In Berlin And
Other Populous Cen
By Ed L. Keen.
(United Press Staff Correspondents.)
London, Nov. 11. Gormany today is
kaiserless and kingless. All reports
tended to show that-in addition to the
emjoror, all tho kings, princes, grand
nukes aim other royalty ef tho empno
had renounced their "divine right" t'
rule over a people which had already
abrogated that right by revolution.
Willium HohcnzoHein, tho former
'kaiser, with his wife and son, the form
er crown prince, were believed to hai'B
retched tho castle of Count Von Ben
tinek, at Dess'eg, near Utrecht. With
them were said to be Field Marshal
Von lliiideiibuig and u suite of ten.
Geiuiuny wus still dominated byth'i
revolutionists, hue reports indicated
that the socialists were mainly assum
ing control of tie governmental func
tions. Tho biggest figure in Gevinniiy was
Frederick Kbert, socialist and saddle-
maker, who had assumed the chnneolor-
ship. Prince Jluvimilian of Baden,
j former chancellor, was a meio lay fig
ure us s'lf appointed regent.
Republics had been set up in buxoii.v,
P:;den and Wur.tteinburg, Bavaria and
Si-hleswig-Holstdin. ' '
Other Gcni!i states were in tempor
ary control of workmen's and soldiers'
Soviets, Somo reports even stated that
a movement was under way to mako tho
wholo empire a republic. Tho Lokal
An.eiger suid that social democrats and
independents of tho reichstng decided
to take action toward that end Satur
day morning. Anarchy was still rifo
in some parts of Germany. The famous
Moabit prison had been captured and
most of tho prisoners llouratcw, -ots-dnm,
the home of tho former kaiser, and
Doberitz were in the hands' of the
workmen and soldiers. i
Crcvit, Dusfeldorf, Mulhtim aud Es-
lO'uuuuved on page two)
BEACHED BELGIAN FRONTIER
Paris, Nov. 11. "Fast of Tremon
forest we reached tho Belgian fron
tier," the French war office announc
Italian troops penetrated Koeroj.
"Following hard fighting, we forc
ed a crossing of the Meuse between.
Vreigne and Lumes. "
MARSHAL FOCH'S ORDEB.
London, Nov. 11. (1110 a. m.)
Marshal Foch issued the following to
all allied commanders today:
"Hostilities will ccaso November 11,
at 11 a. m. along the PVenrb front.
"The allied troops will not, until
further orders, go beyond the lina
reached at that hour," . .