Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, October 31, 1918, Image 1

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Only Cirenlatica in Sales Guar
anteed by the Audit Bursas e
- Circulations
Herman Newspaper Asserts.
Tliat Berlin Receives Of
ficial Decision.
rder Is Given To Evacuate
AH AW Territory Now
- Occupied. : r
, .Copenhagen, Oct 31. Marshal Foe ha
armistice terms reached Berlin on Tues
diy night, it ia declared by the Vos
sfache Zeitung. '
Geneva, Oct. 31. Demonstration
against the kaiser are being staged
daily throughout Germany, according
-to advices received today. - .
Speaking Sunday at toe Schumann
otccus, Dr. Haase, minority gociailat
leader,' violently assailed Wilhelm
while his audience wildly cheered. Fre
quent demanda are made for abdication
f the wholo Hohenzollern family.
Milan, Oct. 31. Austria has notified
the Polish government at Warsaw that
t.9 military and civil authorities of
occupied PoliiA territory will he hand
1 over to them and that Austrian
troops will evacuate Immediately, a
Vfenna. dispatch reported today. ..
Washington Oct. 31. The' Austrian
"personal note." to Secretary Lans-i-ig
wag delivered to him this morn
iug. It was practically the same as the
press text, appealing to the American
8oretary to intervene with President
Wilson in Austria's behalf. ;
Zurich, Oct. SI. Czechs have cut 11
- railways between Berlin and Vienna, '
via OTderberg and Bodenbach, it was
ln?.rned today. Communications be
twasn Budapest, Agram, Flume and VI
na are completely interrupted.:
II l A
;M-8ina - Asks jMistefflaig: &gm mw$
Washington; Oct. 31. Confirmati6n
of- the reported despatch of. General
l')eh'a armistice terms to Berlin was
j jflv.king at both the war and state de
r 'rtments today. The state department
tras particularly reticent about discuss
, ; iug anything In connection with the
Versailles conference. It was hinted
tfaat the aemistice might not neeessar-
' be submUwu to Germany through
tis country, as he matter is " large-!
ly up to the military authorities." , :
A.t allied embassies it was believed
tua terms may. wcil havo been sent al
ready, the 'announcement being with
held until , receipt was acknowledged
Berlin. , ' . . ,
Conference is in Session
Paris, lOet. i3i. (Noonr Conversa-
t ons between members of the inter; ('
iHed diplomatic, council continued to-.
: iiy. at Colonel. House's headquarters.
Allied rpprentntive called there
4 remained -sorni time.' ' "'"
Premier Clcmenceau and Marshal
IVh returned.t'30ou from Versailles,
where the council is sitting, looking
greatly satisfied.. The Austrian note to ;
Pcesident Wilson was first handed to
volonel House.br the United Press. 1
"Will a separate peace be the-out-come
" he. waa asked, .-
"They certainly are asking it," he
replied smiliagly,- "but your opinion
i as good as mine. "
High -allied diplomats consider the
tMe as formal severanee of the Aus-
t.ff.(rOrm ra . nlfianAa. wliifll, wad ..a lf
tils allies' wsr- aims, leaving Prussia '
'one on the- battlcfront. -
French. Deputy's View
. Paris, Oct. "31.. Deputy Bussenot,
tf.nber of. the naval committee of the
chamber of deputies, urged today Jhat
the armistice terms include. . v.
. Allied coatttt -of the U-boats. . ;
Removal . of- all marine mines.
CN-cupatioa of Cuxhaven, Heligoland,
aid Cattaio., ,. " . - -
. Takmar over of 'all German tonnage
i neutral porti as partial replacement
tho 10,000,400, tans of allied shipping
-k hj German, submarines.
, Gersa. submarines.
aatiuued on page three)
roJ-irMyi Ilk
0. 258.
Call 0a Voters Of Nation To
Repudiate And Discredit
New York, Oct. 31. Urging election
of a republican congress, Ex-Prcsidcnt
Bsosevult ond Ex-President Taft today
issued a joint, 3igned statement in re ,
ply to the appeal of President Wilson
for election of a democratic congress. '
The stutemont, which was made pub
lic by the remililicnn nntiniinl
tee, laid stress on the present peace
cunversation with Uermany aud da-,
elared "the president has indicated a,
willingiyss to make a peace, negotia
tion. He has nnl. ilnmanrlnrl . I.n
might 'hnve done, in three lines, that
wuicn me 'American people demand,
an unconditional surrender."
Boosevolt and Taft declared iho war
was being fought to suppress one-man
i-umiui. rresment Wilson's 14 peace
terms were called general and vagne
and fear waa expressed that they would
not lead to a real peace treaty.
The- statement follows:. '
"1 The war must be fought to un
conditional Surrender unless this, is
achieved before. ..; . ,. . .. ,,. "4
"2 The terms "of world peacrtairst"
"3 The democratic .administration
after expending billions of treasure and
exercising more absoluto power" than
any administration in our bistory must
give an account of its stewardship. i
"4 The hange from war conditions
to peace must be brought about with
the least disturbance and the work of
reconstruction must be broadly begun.
"A republican congress would be
much better qualified than one eon
trolled by ..democrats, to aid the coun
try in sdontinflf the
for these four great tasks.. '. f
"First. 1?VAn Aa O n.inA.U.
. " " ... i .... 1 1 . j yiai i
the republicans made the winning of
the war possiblo by passing the origin
al draft bill. Without this we could
not have trained anl landed the two
million of men now in France. "As a
minority party the republicans forced
upea the reluctant president and sec
retary of war after an injurious delay
of four months, the amended draft act
without which we could not have put
two more millions at the front next
July. The speaker, the leader and the
chftirmAn nf thn militnrv MmmiHci t.t
the democratic hou?e opposed the orig
inal draft with all the vigor possible.
It was saved and sd . our country's
cause- was saved by the republican mi
nority. " "Second The new senate must
provo by two-thirds vote, the terms "of
peace. . These terms should be settled
not by one man only. It is one-ma a
control we are fighting in this war to
suppress. If the peace treaty is to be
usetui in tne ruture. it must be ap
proved by the great body of the Ameri
can people. The president, has indicat
ed a willingness to make a peace by no-
('Continued on paare twnv
Turkey is out of the war.
J An armistice, which is said to effectually prevent Tur
key from resuming hostilities, was concluded with British
representatives in Salonika at noon today. v' ; j
Aiistria-Hiino-arv. already tentatively EDlifc ub into
" T
several independent states by
with anarchy spreading hourly enrougnout tne country,
is franrirnllv RPfkinP" neane .
The Austrians officially
withdrawing their armies
Ttalv nnft t.ha Ralkans.
With the Austrian defenses split on a wide front
east of the Piave and Italian, British, French and Ameri
can troops pouring through the gap, the entire 175 mile
front from Switzerland to the Adriatic is reported to
have blazed into action today. 1
Official reports state Austrian prisoners now total
45,000 and that 300 guns have been captured
The British and French suddenly began a drive to
ward Ghent this morning and are reported to be progress
ing well. They were last reported four miles from that
important Belgian city.
Amsterdam, Oct. 31. 'The
Dusseldorf Nachrichten says
that Meld Marshal Von Hinden
burg has sent the following
message to the German army
''The army and fleet will con
tinue to protect the frontiers.
We will not capitulate "
Washington, Oct. 31. "Big doings"
was ithe enthusiastic erclamation of
Chief of .Staff March this afternoon
When informed by , the United Press
of the capitulation of Turkey and the
reported appeal or an armistice on the
field o battle by Austria-Hungary. '
And war department officials indi
cated they expected more "big doings"
before long. 7, .J'..,..
Washington, Oct. 31. President Wil
son will not reply formally to the last
Austrian note, Secretary Lansing stat
ed today.
The Bwedish minister, however, will
be told orally that the Austrian noto
will be submitted .to the governments
associated with fhe United States in
the war. . ' e ..- ' v
The SVwedisb. minister is in charge of
Austrian interests in the United States.
''tfepesluifen)"'Qat. A 31. All foreign
territories occupied by the Austrian
rrmies will be deserted withinra few
days, aftor which the armies will be
demobilized, according to a Vienna dis
patch received here today, '
, Washington, . Oct. 31. Heavy artil
lery firo on the American front east
of the Meuse and destruction of 21
enemy airplanes Wednesday was ; re
portedly .General Pershing today.
ffal CUfaa.'D-::'.
Not Arce With Roosevelt
Washington, Oct. 31. Will
Hays, national republican chair
man, today called upon the
country to prepare for peace
"by electing a republican con
gress." The aim of the repub
lican 'party are threefold, Hays
said. .
First to win the" war.
Second, a peace with victory
and not a peace by compromise
' Third,' to "prepare now in
sano manner for the problems
of reconstruction. ',
"To stand by the"prcsldcnt '
in support" of all war measures
is a duty and. privilege which
republicans have assumed as a,
hiatter of course," said Hays.
Refugees say that the mania for mur
der among the Bolheyik officials of
Rus-jia is, so strong that they even
shoot their own partisans. " ': -
J J X " T ( " 1 - "
a series of revolutions and
declare they are voluntarily
trom occupied territories m
Tin 1
ID Hfpfl
Over Million Of iThese Have
Beeii Put Out Of Action
Haig Starts Drive Tday'Ia
Belgio In Direction :
Of Ghent .V
- V: .. .....
London, Oct. . 31. German
losses since January 1 were
semi-officiallv estimated to-day
; at 2,500,000, of whieh 1,000,000,
; were permanent. .
Of the 10.000 German gnn
-ttwiuUiu - July 15, the1 allies
have captured a third. . : l..-:
nJ':vi . - ,
London, Oct.,51-(3:50 p. m.)-The
Austrian commander in chief on the It-
alian front has applied to General Diaz
for an armistice, it waa stated on high
ithwt ,
authority this afternoon.
The request wag forwarded to the in-
ter-llied council in Versailles.
"-. . By Lowell Mellelt-JM-
United Press Staff Corresnondent.)
With the British Annies in Francs,! or behalf of the allies, and it became
Oct 31. The French and British at- effective this noon,
tacked this morning in the direction of i 'It is impossible to publish the corn
Ghent. The battle is reported to be ' Plete terms, but they include
going well. " . ....,' I ' 'Free passage of the allied fleets
- through the Dardanelles to the Black
London, Oct. 31. (2:10 p. m.) The " ' ,
Italians have extended, their Offensive' " 'Occupation of the Bosphorus and
to the whole Austro-Itallan front, ac-,the Dardanelles forts, as necessary to
carding to a central newt dispatch from
Borne this afternoon.
Paris, Oct. 81. (4 p. f m.)-Austrian
prisoners now total more than 43,000, It
was officially announced here this af
ternoon. - Throe hundred, guns havj
been captured and more than 100 vil
lages liberated.
By Henry Wood
(United Press staff correspondent) ,
. With the Italian Armies in the Field,
Oct. 31. General Treat 's Ohio troops
are in contact with the Austrians oast
of the Piave. ,
Official Report
' London, Oct. 31. The allied advance
east of the Piave is continuing without
check, tho war office announced today.
(Continued on page thre)
. . " . . . ..
Leslie Tanger weat rnushroomin' yis-
terdffr an' poisoned bis whole family
on. golf balls. A feller that got good
(leaks ha got all th' luck that's com-
in' C hm
31, 1918.;
'.1 ... IWN
Complete Terms Of Armistice
With Turkey Are Not
Made Public.
By John DeGandt
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
' Paris, Oct. 31. General Townshend.
commander of the British Mcsopotam
isn force which surrendered .at Kut-El-Amara,
was tho messenger who bore
the Turkish request for an armistice
to the allies, it was officially announc
ed today... .
- Townshend was forced . to lay down
his arms April 29,' 1916, and" was sent
as a prisoner to an island in the Sea
of Marmora. - , i
Admiral Leygues, French minisr of
marine, entered the chamber of deputies J
tins atternoon and made the following
lowing-. declaration:
''Premier Clemencesu has been de
tained at Versailles. The inter allied su
perior war council charged me to make
in the namo of the government the fol
lowing declaration:
' A few days ago, General Towon
abend was freed to go to inform the
British admiral, commanding ;in tho
Aegean sea that the Turkish govern
ment asked that negotiations be own-
d irhl lewfOwticlusioff of an at
misttce between Turkejj. arid the al
lies. : ; " ....'-;;
" 'Bear Admiral Calthorne renlifld
tnlt if the Turkish government sent
feBularly ac.redited iotftipotentiaries
he. had the necessary powers to inform
them of the conditions under which the
!Ulp'1w?,lM 0"ent hostilities
,nd that he had the power to begin, in
j behalf of the allicl!) an ,onlltiMVied
on these conditions. - '
I " The Turkish Dleninotentiaries ar
rived at Hudros at the beginning of
this week. The armistice was signed
last night by Bear Admiral Calthorpe
guarantee the security of this passage.
(Continued on page two)
Procee&g Of Versailles Al
lied Cosferesce Are Veil
ed h Secrecy.
Washington, Oct 31. The United
States government today forwarded to
jthe allies Turkey's request for an lm-
expecrea 10 oe laxen snortiy witn the
Austrian appeal, if it already hag not
I boss done. The actions will place In
the hands of the Versailles confereneo
, appeals for peace from all of the cen
tral powers. -
By Robert J. Bender
(United Press staff correspondent)
Washington, Oct. 31. The United
States will pass on to the allies Tur
key's request for an immediate armis
tice. r .
This was the answer of Secretary of
State Lansing, made to Turkey today
in a-formal note, '
The note, delivered to the Spanish
ambassador, said:
"Excellency: I did hot fail to lay
before the president the note which
you addressed to him on the fourteenth
instant, and handed to me on that date.
"Acting under the instruction of
your government, yon enclosed with
that note the Wt of a communication
received by the minister of foreign af-ihave the honor to inform your excel
fairs of Spain from the charge d'af-ilency that the government of the Unit
faires of Turkey at Madrid on Oetober , d States will bring the communication
12, in which, the good offices of tfcvf the Turkish eharge d'affaires to tho
government or fpain were uuox to ,
bring to the attention of the president .
the request of the imperial Ottoman
government that he take upon himself
the task of the re-establishment of I
TN Tr Tr -TrS TTxx
I - I fill f :
Orders IssLtd To Annies
From Vienna To Withdraw
Within Own Borders.
By J. W. T. Mason
(United Press war expert) :
New York, Oct. 31. To what extent
the crumbling Hapsburg empire is pre'
pared to resist on its own soil before
accepting the. demands of the demo
cratic nations for unconditional sur
render, will be made known within a
few days. ;
The withdrawal of the Austro-Hun-garian
"armies from all occupied- terri
tory, which has been ordered j tho
Vienna government, should permit the
dual monarchy to form, U lines afresh
along its own frontier by the first of
UQxt week, if the high army command
ronows the frantic directions of the
civilian rulers. ," '
Thereafter what is left of Austria
Hungary will have definitely abandon
ed all thought of conquest and if' it
continues the war it will be fighting
solely against terms of unconditional
surrender. ;.:- i
The ability of the Hapsburg armies
to prolong the struggle, even for self
defense, is highly doubtful. The disin
tegrating forces new at wet within
the tvmpirt"1iave already- mado-. self
preservation impossible. Although Aus-!
tria-Hungary continue, to be thought j
'of as one country, it is very doubtful!
whether at this moment tho authorities
at. Vientia are the do facto govern
ment of the Hapsburg empire, or, in
deed,' whether a Hapsburg empire 'now
exists in anything but name.
These matters will become dearer
when the troops of the dual monarchy
are 'behind their own boundary after
abandoning Poland, Serbia and Italy.
If a strong defensive fight can still
be made under tho Hapsburg banner,
the war in southern Europe will have
to bo carried well into the enemy's
But if loyalty to the imperial house
has vanished with the defeat of the
imperial armies, it will not be possible
for Karl to inspire his troops to con
tinue the struggle for a vanished sov
ereignty. In that event, November
should Ree Austria-Hungary but of the
war and Germany isolated against the
world. -
peace, and that he notify all belliger
ent states of the request and invite
them to delegate plenipotentiaries to
initiate negotiations, the . Imperial Ot-
toman government accepting as a basis
for the njfoti!itions the proaram laid
down by the president in his meswifra
to eonirress of Jannarv 8. 1918. and in
his subsequent declarations, especially
(far reanested bv Hi imperial Otta- .
aims and armistice considerationstwere
clothed in secrecy today. ,
The general understanding here is.
that no definite announcements will I
bo made until the conference coves
forth with a full, united statement of
agreement on peace terms and perhaps
simultaneously, with armistice coudi-
tions. Reports that armistice terms aK
resdv had been sMit Germany caused
sun) rise here. !
It is pointed out that there are three I
eourses Germany may pursue when
thee"terms come out, namely: '
First,- reiect them completely and
continue the war. , I
Second, accept them and end the war.
Third, protest loudly anoV either try
to stir her people to press the war, or
roan covernment that step, be taken
for the immediate conclusion of a eea-
erul armistice on land, on sea and in
the air. '
'By direction of the president, I
nnowiv.io oi va jruveruuivuis it
with Turkey,
"Accept, excellency, the renewed as-,
(Continued on patfe tw)
..,. ...... - . .
,) Oregon: Tonight and Friday
generally fair; light wester'.y
winds. ,
: ? . -
.-' " 1 ; f -
Dardanelles Opened To Allied
Fleets And Other Safe
guards Given. ';
by CEztAL vir;
irs""4! i. r - i r
- Turks i1.;;; Erectly
To Great Erfoa
r London, Oct. 31. (1:10 p. m.) The
Dardanelles are reported to have beta
opened at 6:30 this morning.
Tho Dardanelles strait connects the
Mediterranean with the sea of Marr.io-
'n a.-.d w the water defenso of Con .
wtitM(iui.ple. The Lardttnellca iv iuly
miles ling and is sufficiently narrow t ,
pri'vo',t thav passage of warships wh.l"
t;.C roriilieatlons on each side are in
.ttive service. ! . ..
, Pioiii the Daiilauclles to Cwnatanti-.
nople ia the sea Of .' Jdarmora is 1.1
mil''.. The ea cf Marmora has no Of
fenses, snd ptice V'V-t th9 DardanCili
njr:iitiiiuile is wholly at the m.-.jr
of on apiuoachiug i'iect. r
, London, Oct . "3f. British represen
tatives concluded an armistice with
Turkey at Salonika at noon today, ae
cordiiijr to, authoritative informatioa
received hore.
The terms are said to include free
pnsahae of the Dardauolles and to be
such that it will be Impossible for Tur
koy to resume hostilities. Turkey is
thus definitely out of the war.
Turkey approached Great Britain for
early separate peace. The arm.stice
was. the result.
British officials, it was stated on
high authority, had been cxpect-r.
Turkey to surrender on the buttlefit'(i
It is understood that the Turkisn ar
mistice includes unconditional surrcw
der. . .. , . . .. t ""
General View Confirmed.
Washington, Oct.,31. London cables
that Turkey had agreed to an armis
tice confirmed the general vlow here
that she would appeal direct to the al
lies ond tnkc what she was given pro
vided the United States did not hurry
its reply to the original note ; '
(fduUtuei sa pag two)
Fifty Thousand Is
Latest Count Made
Eun-.e, Oct. 31. The Italian
and allied armies in Italy have
taken more than 50,000 pris
oners and 300 guns, the war of
fice announced today.
The British fought a bloody,
losing campaign at Gallipoli to
force the opening of the Par-
dnnelles in 1915. Their expedi-
tioa was finally obliged tO with
draw.. Several allied warships
were, junk in vain efforts to
get through the narrows.
The Dardanelles was known
in ancient history as the Helles-
pnnt. A British squadron under
Sir John Duckworth forced a
passage in . 1807, but suffered
heavy losses in the tri-p out.
French and British fleets
passed through the Dardanelles
. at the request of the sultan in
. 1853 in the Crimeun war. .,
London, Oct. 5. (By mail.)
This is, the vicar of Skilling
ton' summary of. the war .to
date. , . , ,.' , , .
, "Tanks, Yanks, -j spanks,