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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 12, 1918)
(23,000 BEADEES) DAILY
Only Circulation in SaVm Guar
anteed by the Audit Bureaa tt
r FULL LEASED WIRE
. SPECIAL WILLAMETTE TAL
. LEY NEWS 8EBVICJS
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 242.
ALONG ENTIRE LINE
MAKE STEADY GAINS
Advance Four Or Five Miles
And Take Many Impor
BRITISH CLOSING AROUND
CITY OF D0UAI NOW
' From All Points Of Western
Front Comes Reports Of
Continued Allied Gains
London, Oct. 12. (12:55 p. m.) The
Germans continue their rapid retire
mi sit in toe Champagne and the French
have made additional ga,lns of three to
four miles at some points, according to
"battle front dispatches received cere
The British are shoving the Germans
across the Sansee canal, south of
rxwai and expect to reach the outskirts
of that city by tomorrow.
t'aris, Oct. 12. Continuing their pro
gress on the whole Cham,paj;ne front,
.French troops this morning, entered the
important town of Vouziers, on the
western edg-3 of the Argonne forest,
. the war office announced.
(Last night's communique reported
them within a mile and three quarters
The French now hold the generaf
line of the Retourne river and the
oad from Pauvres (four miles north
of Machault) to Vouziers.
"This morning French troops enter
ed Vouziers," the communique said.
"We continue our progress on the
whole Champagne front. We hold the
general line of the Retourno and the
road from Pauvres to Vouziers."
London, Oct. 12. The British, con
tinuing their encircling movement of
the great coal center of Douai, have
tpproaehed to within less than a mile
M the city from the west, Field Mar
shal Haig announced today. Douai is
British troops, the statement said,
now occupy Suincy, Brcbiers and Ha
mcl. Suincy i less than a mile west of
!uai This represents an additional
ldvance of about four miles, from
vest of Beaumont. Brebieres is two
miles and a half southwest of Douai on
the road -from Vitry-en-Aitois. Hamel
at a mile west of Arleux.
"Our advance north of the Sensee
(Continued on page three)
: ABE MARTIN
1 Miss Tawney Apple has teen arrested
t3T clesnin' her white gloves on Sun
day. Tell Binkley made a rousia'
speech last night an' referred t' Ex
AMERICAN TROOPS IN
STEAMER COLLISION AND
MANY ARE DROWNED
Loss Of Life Now Estimated At One Hundred And Fifty-Seven
-Hundred Were Aboard Ill-Fated Transport. Collision
Occurred During Heavy Storm And Manv Soldiers Were!
Sick Below Decks.-Graphic
....uu, ,.. v ouservBuve esn-
mates early today placed the number
of goldiers lost when the British steam
ship Otranto, acting an American
. . ' , . .
transport, was gunk in collision with
the Kashiuier. at 150.
r.n:ln 111 f ...... '
The Otranto was dashed to nieces
on the rocks of the Scottish coast ear-
ly Sunday morning after she had been
rammed by the Kashmir during a fierce
Captain F. 8. Heimer, army medical
eorps, unattached, whose home is at
HamdcH, N. Y., arrived here today
with 25.U. survivors of the crash.
Three hundred and seventeen sol-
dicrs, and 150 wftHibsis of tlie Otnaatos
crew were rescued by a British de-
stioyer, he said. ,
Captain TeUs Story
Captain Heimer, interviewed by tho
United Press, said the collision occur
red at nine o'clock Sunday morning.
"A raging storm was in progress,"
he stated, "with high seas sweeping
across our decks, wnen the Kashmir
hit us amidships. The coolness and
calmness of the soldiers are wonderful.
They jumped to 'attention' at their
appointed places, awaiting commands
"There were 100 sick cases below
and 1 believe they were all lost. We
floated an hour and a quarter after
the collision. When a British destroyer
drew up alongside our boys beuan to
jump. There were 700 soldiers aboard,
Of those left aboard many must have
been lost." j
Others declare there were 900 sol
diers aboard Unstinted niaise in beinsr,
heaped on Lieutenant Commander Cra-led
von, who commanded the British de-
stroyer Mously and rescued more than
Most of the soldiers on the transport
were Georgia men, all casualties (prob
ably meaning replacement units.;
Ked Cross workers met survivors of
the lost shi)) as they landed, supplying'
thum with cigarettes, hot coffee and
food and other necessities.
Miss Jane Rider of Tucson, Ariz., a
Red Cross nurse, who was aboard one
of the vessels in the convov, with
which the Otanto was proceeding, said
to the United Press. J to, but they had little effect. Neverthe-
"The first we knew of trougle to . less, soldiers declared Lieutenant Com
the Otranto was when we picked up Inlander Craven kept his ship alongside
SOS messages from both the Otranto and there was danger that he would
and Kashmir. The storm was so bad j be smashed against the side -of the
we couldn't turn, but had to put back transport.
to sea. The word reaching here early today
I couldn't see a thing. Then we heard j declared bedies of forty soldiers had
the Otranto was trying to put lifeboats been washed ashore and that twenty
over the side, with some of the men survivors had reached Islay in safety.
drowning as they tried to enter." ! Islay is the point where the Otranto
Miss Ruth Gibbons of Ardmore. K. was driven on the beach.
another survivor, said there were
number of missing. Latest reports from
Belfast, she declared, said there were
OOO unaccounted for, while others she
had heard placed the loss at 400.
Men from the 'lost ship who talked
to the United Press correspondent de
scribed spectacular scenes a" the Brit
ish rescuing 'ship came alongside the
damaged transport." .
The men were told it , was every man
for himself. Standing on the top deck,
men began to leap aboard the destroy
er, some of them as far nt twenty
They Were Not Scred
Corporal J. J. Doherty of Brooklyn
who was among those rescued, was
sKca it ne was scared.
'Hell no, he said, "nothing scares'-, ., . ' r . . . . ,
it . (Bridgeport, Conn, had been taken
Private R. S. Appleby of Knoxville,
"Man, the weather was awful. The
waves came over as the ship
it was difficult to stand still."
Privates C. W. Allen of,Moxen, Pa.,
nd O. J. Holman, Boston, jumped to
"ouy cawi, orcarco
Sergeant R. J. Donohuc of Columbus,
Obio. "We knew we were doomed and
didn't think of rescue. Boy! When we
ne. ..i. . . ... ii .j i i
air that destroyer we felt fine. I saw
fifty soldiers swimming at the side-of
SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER
Stories Of Disaster Told By
the destroyer and saw the ship cut
one in two. Another, who was hanging
'to dangling ladder from the side of
t0'"' . " t0 d-"th
when the warship was thrown against
the side of the Otrauto."
i Manv ether Rtnripil nf .man haincr
crushed between the tammi hin
the doomed vessel were told. Other sur-'
vivors told of men being washed in
swirling seas from which there w;
Corporal C. Finnegan of New York
was able to grasp a rope tied to a gun
aboard the destroyer. For 45 minutes
he was dragged in the water behind
the rescue ship, but finally was pulled
aboard.' - - . V
Private Will Covington, Columbus,
Ga., rescued two other privates who
were struggling in the water.
W. J. Weidgenant of Chicago declar
ed he saw ene soldier's head crushed
when he was caught between the two
Private J. Roman of (Philadelphia
said that when the order was given to
jup the men aimjily jumped without
atkitig any questions, Souir landed
and some missed. He was washed over
the side of the destroyer twice, he
declared, only to come out all right.
Survivors are Cheerful
All the men landed were most cheer
ful and praised the efficiency of the
Red Cross workers. At Belfast the sol
diers were unanimous in their
of Lieutenant Commander Craven,
commanded the destroyer and forced
it eight times alongside the Otranto to
take off the men. I
The uldinn Mumm-nil ntinut th TTnit-
Pres. correspondent, urging him to
ed Press correspondent, urging him to
give him the utmost praise. i
He is of nerve and
f nerve and iron," declar-
Hubert fcaylor of Ashland,
.ere are auv medals to be
Kv. "if th
passed out he wins them."
"He refused to give up his efforts tremo measures were under coflsidera- j they found the town practically in
until he couldn't take another man," tion by treasury officials. The highest tact. The enemy retired so hurriedly
Lieutenant H. M. Cromwell of La-
mar, Colorado, added unstinted praise
to these words.
The Otranto's lifeboats were lower
ed for the purpose of acting as fend-
era between the Mously and the Otran
American authorities have sent
ship loaded with supplies to Islay and.
British relief hi,ps also have put out.
Accounts of the accident seem t
agree that it was due to jamming of
the Kashmir 's-steering gear and heavy '
(Continued on page four)
Further Proof Secured
Of German Propaganda
. I of the mountain and Pacific coast area
Washington,' Oct. 12. Further proof has pledged 50 per cent of its allot
of Germany's pernicious work in tliis'ment, a much higher average than is
coutry was made public today by re- shown elsewhere in the nation.
relation of the alien property custodian I
Uv,.t .iw. RnJ..i i,..;t;u .,, 1
..... , ..ut.r... "...r..v,
because of cGrman control.
Count Von Bernstorff, the
ambassador and other leader, in this
country, it wag shown had arranged to
get the company so as to hamper mnni-j
tions output for the allies. Tl.u com-
yuuy mi mi corner me marsei on, niu-,
nitions supplies and while ostensibly ta-
1. : . . . . m 1 1 j m
ui)j iumii.riS mr miidi xun;rs, was
never t0 deliver them. The backers, who
had also enginivred afforts to create
munitions embareo. stood readv to
spend $10,000,000 in their attempt to
cripple the munition trad.
DaAjWt&Avia,ors!FREflCH ARE CLOSE
London, Oct. 1. (By .Mail.)
(To the British bureau of infor-
mation. A combined British
and American air squadron, in
a ivceut raid, set fire to a great
German store of oil and petrol
which in turn spread to an am-
munition dump. 8ix machines
on the ground were destroyed
by fire and two more by direct
Several small hangars were
burned a well as the billets of
the enemy aviators. Every ma
chine engaged returned safely.
Shortly afterward a large stale
raid was carried out by British
and Australian spuadron upon
another German airdrome, as a
result of which three large
hangers were burned and others
The British and Australian air
men next turned their attention
to a neighboring station where
Gorman troops were entertain
ing. Swooping down in some
caaes 0 within fifty feet of the
(found, the raiders did tremend
ous execution among thosoldiers
with their machine guns.
LIBERTY LOAN SUCCESS
DEPENDS ON PERSON'S
Of LARGEST MEANS
William J. Bryan Issues Ajh
peal To Americans To
Loan Their Money,
Washington, Oet. 12. "If the Fourth
Libeity Loan is to be successful," the
persons of large mpans and comfortaolc
circumstances must go deeper into their
. i. ,, .. , .
P,URLlB lllan ll"7 nav0 so rar.
Tui wa tne warning sent out from
treasur department as tho cam-
paign lagged todav. Facing a necessary
1 " " . :.nnnnn " . ..
aycne of 00,000,000 t0 attain
K. minimum ntmta nt 4lft Hftfl rtflrt
minimum quota of $6,000,000 ex-
speed and the receipt of larger su
scriptions appears to bo tin only solu-
Hons to the problm since but seven
working days remain in tho allotted
Indications of a keener individual
effort was evidenced in the -earlier re -
ports. However, it is the view that un
less those who
have reaped profit out,ne l'r""un , J .
o ... i. . . -. .
of the war loan more monev tnau thev
haw failure faces the 4th loan
I It was pointed ont that there arc
more buyers of small bonds and the pur
chasers relatively are larger than in
previous loans and thousands of thMt
class of buyers have now taken their
Thus, officials asserted, the money
must come from those who invest more
than the non-taxable amount.
Today's report shoves tho total to
about $2,120,000,000. On, the basis of
previous loans the overnight gain of
$100,000,000 would indicate, success.
But officials explained that tr.v Fourth
Loan is so much larger than the others
that pessimism instead of optimism is
caused by the reports. '
There wa, one ray of sunshino in to
day's telegrams, however. That came
front thw west. Practically cverr section
, ' wont navoe
" " v ? ' ' .
emiB1(t(tl are depending on
house to house canvassers to bring re-
suits. But even this method has not
been immune from "flu." Tho local
committc-j and canvassing teams hate
been disrupted y the disease.
Declaring that the man who loans his
money to the government has the easiest
war task or ail, William J. Brvan is
sued the followine anneal to the nation
. . . , . .
i0 owr-suoscrioe tne issues
"Failure of the people to respond to
the call for money now," said Bryan,
"wnnU h Aiuatrnna 1 wnnM onennr.
age the enemy more than ft successful
TO GREAT GERMAN
BASE ACROSS AISNE
Cavalry Aided By Machine
Guns On Automobiles
SOUTHERN YANKEES ARE
WINNING MANY LAURELS
Berlin Announces Retreat
From Champagne As
I By John De Gandt
(United Press staff correspondent)
Paris, Oct. 12. (4:25 p. m.) The
FreiiA are across the Retourne river
In great force and pursuing the flee
ing Germans towntd Kethel be im
portant enainy base on the Aisne.
Cavalry and fast automobiles carry
ing machine guns are harfying th
Germans, who are not expected to show
much resistance until they are on the
opposite side of the Aisne bond. .
The French have passed Quilly (mid
way between Pauvres and Vouziers.)
SOUTHERN YANKEES FIGHT
By Lowell Mellett
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the British Armies in France,
Oct. 12. American troops from Tenn
essee and tho Carolines, fighting on
the British front, have taken 3000
prisoners during the past five days of
In addition, these troops have taken
between 50 and 60 guns and hundreds
of machine guns and have recovered
150,000 square yards of territory since
Todsy the Americans met a blasting
artillery fire from German artillery
across the Selle river. The enemy has
fe ",e"B rlv": lae T 7
taken up strong positions on the ridge
beyond the river.
Whnn U a A n a!nitna nntn.AJ T,.L;
When the American entered Boliain
that he had no time to plunder and
destroy the town.
General Rawlinson, commanding the
Fifth British army, with which Gener
al Lewis' American division d oper
ating, today telegraphed General Lew-
Tho gallantry of your infantry and
milKf l It'll a wunwru uui iiuvw initio nit-
, ... ...
nun It ..ill 1 1 a v iuii. -i v u un ,...(, ,nu j'ttai
ure to report your suceei to
FIGHTING 19 STUBBORN
. By FrnJi J. Taylor
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the American First Army, Oct.
12. (Noon) The most stubborn tight
in- is under way along t'no Aire river
at Grand Pre and St. Juvin, where the
Germans lire counter attacking in great
To the eastward the American cen
ter is progressing better. , ,
The (iennsns are putting up a strong
machine gun, resistance from the Hois
de Foret (west of the Meuse and north
The enemy in their desperate strug
gle to hold back the Amoricans have
thrown their divisions into the fight
ing without regard to order and few
of them can be identified.
Berlin Wins "Great Victory"
Berlin, vis London, Oct. 12. Kvacu
ation of the Chcniin des Dames, south
of Laon, was announced by the war
office in its official statement today.
"On both sides of liohain, British
French and American attack, were re
pulsed," tho statement said.
A retirement west of Douai was al
"West of Douai, we witmlrcw our
1iiw. " the atatement said. "Tho ene
mv. .Inwlv following, oeruoied the line
1 0f Vendin-Lc-Vioicl, uarneg and 11U-
"In the Champagne, General Von
Eincm'ii victory over immensely su-
i y. : . . - ...
perinr Franco-American fore 'in a
fortnight's struggle and ihanstion of
PRICE TWO CENTS
n i t
iraipnan . troops
Ready To Aid Albes
Washington, Oct. 12. That Bulgar
ian troops will join the allies in atach
ing Constantinople and hasten tl. eli
mination of Turkey from tho war, was
believed likely in diplomatic quariers
Bulgarian Minister Pnnarotoff, In a
statement when Bulgaria surrendered,
declared that Bulgaria would be friend
ly to any allied moves on Turkey. Bul
garia ants European Turkey which
comprises a small triangle extending 100
miles to the west of Constantinople. Ad
rianoplo and the Berlin-Bagdad railroad
running through Constantinople would
be taken from Turkvy. It is probable,
however, that Bulgarian forces would
be only a part of a joint allied cxpedl
tion and that these prizes would not fall
entirely to ono power.
Prisoners Taken Say That
Country Ready To Qujt
Useless Fighting. '
By Prank J. Taylor.
(United Pivss Staff Correspondent.)
With Tho American First Army,
Sept. 19. (By Mail.) Austria's pro
posal to talk over peace terms is the
first official sign that the government
is fed up on war and sees little hope in
tho future, according to Hungarian
prisoncrs-officers as well as men who
were captured near Ht. Mihiol.
The peoplo have wanted to quit for
many months, prisoners say, but the
government was hopeful of a military
Th0 Hungarian prisoners were not too
hopeful of immediate results of Aus
tria's proposals, which they thought
were probably independent of Germany
owing to an estrangement between the
central powers. They thought Austria
Hungary would be able to break away
.from Germany to make peace indepen
dently, if she desired to do bo.
They also thought Germany would
goon topple then. .
Tho (frrmang, on the other hand,
thought Austria had been allowed by
the Germans to propose peace negotia
tions. "Austria has to propose peace every
so often, anyway, was the way ono Ger
man expi'jsKod it, and the others gave
the same idea in other words.
"Austria Hungary could not make a
separate peace if she wanted to," boast
ed tho German officers. "We could pre
vent it by force.
"Wy would be better off if she did
because the Austrians won't fight and
we have t0 feed them and get nothing
in roturn for it."
"The Austrians were heartily In fa
vor of anything that would bring peace,
They cared nothing about whether thv
allies won or whether it was the central
powors. To them it meant one, thing
thoy could go liack home and bo thank
ful they were nlivo. What political and
social change came about as the'resuli
of the war meant much less to them
than returning to Budapest.
The Hungarians look for a speedy, fin-
ihs to the war. , They thought neither
the allies nor tho central powers would
hold out much longer and that a peaca
agreement would soon be reached.
Germans Also Bee Defeat.
Some German officers saw clearly
they would bo defeated, as they said,
by "overwhelming odds." However
they thought they must resist as long
as possible in the hope of an allied
break. The men also looked forward- to
defeat, but thought it would hi speed
ier. They had no" regret for defeat, foi
the most part, if It would bring peace
and still let them have their country.
Oermans can never understand why
- (Continued on page three)
the enemy, has rendered possible the
smooth execution of our retirement in
the Aisne bend."
Arlal Fighting Be ported
Rome. Oct. 12 Particularly Intense
terial fighting on the Asaido plateau
yesterday was reported by tat Italian
war office today. ' '
THE WEA TILES. -
And Saturday, enerally fair ex-
cept unsettled, probably showers
northwest portion; ' southerly
winds, moderate near coast.
ON TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FIVE CENTS
ULRI'Itt I K
TO SVISSf HNISTER
Newspapers Of Central Em
pires Disagree As To Con
TURKEY AND AUSTRIA
BOTH READY TO QUIT
People Of Germany See Cer
tain Defeat Ahead; Are
Pleading For Peace
Amssterdam, Oct. 12 Soma German
papers assert th reply to President Wil
son accedes fully to his demands. Oth
ers declare that only far reaching ad
vane r made. v
Basle, Oct. 12. The National Zeltuns;.
announces that eGnnany's reply to
President Wilson was presented to the
Swiss minister at Berlin this morning.
London, Oct. 12. Austria-Hnni? arv
and Turkey are expected immediately to
announce acceptance of President Wil.
son's armistice terms, according to an
Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Ber
lin received by way of Amsterdam.
A Central News dispatch from Amst
errdam says that Austria-Hungary and
Turkey have informed Germany thev
will accept Wilson's terms,
Tli . Ttvnrau riAjlai 4V. a n 111 n.
agreed on a common policy in regard to
Renter's agency reports that Turkey
has approached President Wilson in re
gard to peace negotiations,
By Robert 3. Bender. !
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, Oct. 12. President Wil
son's flanking movement at Germany'
rear Is aecontuniing tho difficulty of
the kaiser, now struggling to auve him
self flom tl. peace trap he tried to
spring on the allies.
Reported unqunlificd acceptance by
Austria and Turkey of the" president's
fourteen principles for peace, leaves
Germany in an extremely detieate. posi
tion She must cither yield to her vas
sals' demands or lose them in the opin
ion of experts here. "
A Riiwln iliunnlch .tnfinir thn dprman
reply had been hau&d the Swiss minis--ter,
greatly heightened sjoculation as to
its possible contents.
Today Prince Max is expected to ap
pear before the reichstag and discuss
Germany's reply" to President Wilson 'a
Inquiries. With the German armies re
treating steadily under the constant
blows of Foch in the west' and with
Germany ' vassnb in the east crying
for peace, tho position of Max is tho
most interesting of any of tU long;
line of chancellors that have passed
liko phantoms over the reichstag ros
trum since the war broke out.
Interior conditions are worso than at
any time in the history of Germany.
According to rcporto ' to this gowrn
mont, the indications increase that Ger
many is a crumbling edifice. .
One of there says in part:
"Even the hospitals are no longer re
victualed. Thp alimentary conditions
are lamentable. Bandages, etc., are ab
solutely lacking. Well known physicians,
state Hint the race is lost and will not
bo brought back to its eld standard for
many yenrs, The well known Profossor
Bier reports that 'The German peoplo
will cry for mercy before six months if
tlwj allied bombardment of towns con
tinues, and the day when this arrives
no government will he able to stop th
pressure of the peoplo for peace at any
price. Tho peoplo have suffered too
much not to succumb to this ceaselesa
anguish." - - '
Austria, too, is hard pressed even
more so. In addition to the constant
nprising. of the oppressed nationali
ties within her borders, the people
or Hungary are now demanding a tepar-
(Continned on page three)