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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 8, 1918)
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Only Circulation in 8aVm Guar
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FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY KEW8 BEEVICE
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO.
Mackensen Is Sent To East
Front To Take Charge Of
FORCES IN ALBANIA
IN CRITICAL POSITION
a Encouraging News For
Central Empires Comes
From Any Front
Borne, Oct. 8. Serbian troops are be
fore Wish, according to reports' receiv
ed here today.
Nlsh, to which the capital of Serbia
was removed during the Austrian inva
1 1 1 V ll.Illllll.ft .
ion, is fifty miles directly north 0f'clu3ivfl cluf and appear . smart
Vranje, which wag captured after Aus-
tto-German forces had been severely
defeated... Nish is 125 miles southeast
. Geneva, Oct.- 8 Field Marshal Mack
eusen has arrived In Serbia to save the
remnants of the Austro-German armies
which th. allie. are utrrerdne" toward
the Danube, according to a Vienna dis,;8!'" has at lst 8" opportunity to
- patch received here today. The Aust
rians are reported to be evacuating Bel
grade.' The Serbian population, includ
ing women, is helping to drive them
in Albania faces a major disaster as a'
sult of the allied successes in Serbia, i
At the same time, the Austro-German
armies in Serbia appear to be in a. ser
ious position. This is indicated by their
imccessitv defeats in central Serbia, re
ported evacuation of Belgrade and an
nouncement that Maekensen has hurried
tj that froiit to save them.
. The Serbians, in the vanguard of the
ha .,.,. i,.,-:. r,.i,n,i s. ,.r orihiof
s lira souriiern limits or Aiisiriu-nuu-j;arv,
although some tlistance to the
. . . , . a . . tt....
After taking vranje, 175 miles
directily east of Ragusa, in Austria
Hungary, they are pursuing the Aus-
tro-Germans toward Nish and Lesko-
TOtz. They have also captured Debra,:
th ftrla-AU)mnn bolder. 55 miles!
' v . " ' .
at and . north of Durazzo. French
northwest of Uskub and only 35 miles
m,v ....... ., -
from the northern boundary or Alban
ia. Along the Skumbi river the Italians
re harrassing the retreat of the Aus-
trians northward. Both the Austrians
and tb allies have about 100 miles to ;
tro to reach the mountainous regions of.
Montenegro.- But meanwhile, the allies
Jiave an opportunity to strike westward
from Debra, taking the Austrians on the
flank and throwing them into confusion.
Occupation of Beirut, the jncipal
seaport, of Syria, by a French, naval
unit has aided the allied march on Al
eppo. Beirut is less than fifty miles
northwest of Damascus and is about 175
mileg southwest of Aleppo. It is con
nected with Alenno bv a railway which
.loins the Damascus-Aleppo line at Horns
about 100 miki north of Damascus.
Ttiu plinrflpfpr nfi Hib fio-hti7if flintier
the west front indicates the Germans!
are preparing for what may be a genor-1
al retreat from the North sea to the
"Rhiems regiot, but that will make the
Cbampagire-Agonne battle one of the
decisive engagements of the war. This
in particularly truo of the operations
between the Argonne and the Meuse,
where the vnemy has contested every
foot of ground with unusual bitterness.
The French and Americans made
Wight gains along the Suippe, the for
n!r captnring Berry-Au-Bac, near the
junction -of the Suippe and the Aisne
ne-Hur-8uipp?. Farther east the village
nf St. Elipmin-A-Arnfta war rpiantured I
lifter it had been lost to the Germans.!
The day communique of the ttermani
war office mentioned violent attacks byj
the Americans between the Argonne I
and the Meuse, a front of about 15
jniles. Unofficial reports state that this!
fighting resulted in the capture of
Chatel-Chehery and important heights
west of the Aire. - I
In the St. Quentin region the French
lisve slightly improved their positional
The British, in an attavk on a fonr
mile front southwest of Douai yester-j
iday, eaptuivd the villages of Oppy and
.Biache-St.V aast. Pome progress was
ali made by them south tof Cambrai. I
4 pnnn. liav. tnLrnn Tvn-aiitV 9.0 inJ1os. When tb-ev find it desirable
9 7 III If n - ri II II III l.- ' M II. ' ? T J
USED TO INFLUENCE
Many teitjis Reside In That
Country And All Are Ac
London, Sept. 14. (By Mail.) Ger
man gold is being spent freely in Spain
in an effort to prevent that country
from jumping into the war on the side
of the allies.
According to reports Reived here
from Madrid, there re 120,000 Ger
mans in Spain Many of these came be-
fore the war. itaiy, Portugal and those
South American countries which have
joined the allies contributed-most of the
othwrs. A number of i"en fled into the
Spanish territory fro"1 tno Camerons
and these are interned.
Blocked bv the vigorously guarded
French and Portugese frontiers, neither
interned nor Un-internvd could easily
get away. But most of them are satis
fied to stay.
At Malaga, fwillc, Balboa and Bar
celona, German nwn the finest. villas
drive, the finest horses, naunt the cafef
lid bull rings, belong to tk most e
functions. thev rB the heaviest contri.
but org to popmai. charities. They talkf of
the hardships forccd upon neatraig OV
the 'greed of .the entente" and speak
eloquently or tho (jeriuuu "affection"
for the Spaniard.
They takt, sneeial delight in prodding
the-Spaniards aoout the British posses-
sion of Gibraltar, pointing 0llt thBt
'.'recover lr ni-' and. that tho kniser
desires nothing more ardently than to
see her do so. , .
Sometimes a situation arises which is
embarrassing to the Suns. This is es
pecially true vvhen reports of German
atrocities are ivecived or when a care
088 braa,;lne sends Spanish shu
down - PMr0wlCa 'or f'fne. the news-
PaPer T ePsc ATT"8 .0I. w
German embassy in Madrid to subsidizi'
and stimulate the anarchist party in
Then the Hun lies awn- Tl" suvgidiz
id j net 'y to come t j the .-v:n.
When the scandal blows over the Ger
mans reappear and continue thoir work
pushing th0 FatherVn s interests,
rnvy k'c uoiiing ju--u tu tne vnu
of the war, for spain is pectcd to be
their best market and they are trying
to make it over jto a German preserve.
All Germans in Spa'n a,v plentifully
suppliea m cash. who were
poor nave wen proviae un lunds by
their fellow countryman r by Ocrman
consuls. These Germans have no scru
l 'Ph. .nni
T,..V... n..,.nl.. ... n -
jiose u n.uuieH, u'"-us or owiss.
Wcwspaperg Wit" Allies.
Madrid, Oct. 8. The latest Gsrman
rice proposal nll, ,tirrcd officials en!
new'surpcrs of Rriain. The consensus of
opin - oti is mat the time ior peace ti k
will not be until the allies have ei.teri.I
Gorman territory and vanquished the
Hie ' "no Univcisal says:
.t i' ''nv p., wiles cannot tvjal
-i!h : lit "ernians until tney enu-r
it an erntory, realizing that the kdisvr
is v.'.-.ig to save the dynasty.-'
'ih( peace Oermanp has demanded
T:ot peate' di dares tho Opoca."
" Vanquished peace is not here be
cause Germany has not assented to
In German Army
Geneva, ot. 8. One hund
red and eighty thousand ntw
cases of Spanish influenza are
reported in the Ocrman armv,
according to an -official ui"H.
patch received from Berlin to
day. A Vienna dispatch saya Hun
garian newspapers reported
100,000 cases in Budapest .
STILL ANOTHER HERO.
Washington, Oct. 8. Third
class Yeoman Joh H- Jbnston,
Providence, k, 1, gdvanevd into
the hero class today
Secretary Daniel9 has com
mended young Johnston f0r le.
roism displayed f Rehefort,
France, July 14, when he saved
an vlevcn "year oU toy from
e ffl. to ixrrim; a iwi
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, OCTOBER
LENINE AND TROTSKY
ARE SHORN OF POWER
Only In Petrograd And Mos
cow Have Boisheviki Sem
blance Of Power.
By Joseph Shapien
Tnited Press staff correspondent)
Washington, Oct. 8. The convales
cence 0f Russia from the disease' of
bolshevikism is proceeding at a re
markably rapid pace. With the excep
tion of cholera stricken and terrorized
cities and districts of Petrograd and
Moscow, there is virtually no place in
Russia where the power of Lenine and
Trotsky js exercised, cables to the Rus
sian embassy indicated today.
A't the nationalities inhabiting Rus
sia have once more united for the es
tablishment sf a free and prosperous
Only the nationalities of the Cauca
sus and the Ukraine have not yet had
an Opportunity -to offer their allegi
ance to the new all-Russian govern
ment formed at Uffa. This is not due
to their opposition to the new gov
ernment. The Ukraine is helpless for
tho time being due to the presence of
a German army numbering nearly a
half million men. The Caucasus is in a
similar plight, due to Turko-German
occupation. Even the people of the
Baltie provinces are represented in
the new Russian government, an Esth
onian delegation having contrived to
attend the great conference at Uffa,
where the ew all-Russian government
responsible to no one but the constit
uent assembly and commanding the al-
lfinMO... -' It.. . ti :
n&'ut-e 0I lu.t- wiiu'c xmssia, wa
Ambassador Bakhmetteff H in con
stant touch with the' new government,
wnien is keeping him advised of ev
ery move made in Russia for the re
generation of the country, its re-en-tranee
into the war, the abrogation
of the Brest-Litovsk treaties and the
restoration of the nation ' unity and
A'l principal differences between the
respective factions and regions repre
sented in the now government have
been swept away and the overwhelm
ing majority of the uussian people is
once more united in tho cause of build
ing the new fret Russia under the
guidance of the constituent assembly,
the parliament ef Russia, representing
the will of all the people, as against
the usurping and bloody oligarchy of
Lenine and Trotsky, the cables to Am- (
bassador Bakhmetieff showed. The
ambassador himself would make no
statement. Ho permitted the publica
tion of the latest cables received by
him, stating that they speak for rhem-
Accord to the cables the national
contention at Uffa was-composed of
all the members of the constituent as-
sembly, representatives of the tempo-
rary governments of Siberia, the Urals, men wno naTO esc.,. nave VBKUu Th(j pac.fic Uo ,ea(U in thp
north Russia and Esthonia, represent- j to the mountains where they seize ood number of ships launched, but not com
tiveg 0f the Cossacks of Orcnoiirg, con oys arriving for the Austrian army ,et(,d More thnn 5,50.000 deadweight
Uralsk, Siberia, Irkutsk, Semirctics, and thus obtain supplies for themselves tons hftve ,bc(,n launched and are wait-
Yeniiishei nn.l Astrakhan: renresenta-
tives of the governments of the Bash-1 Prices of the few things which arc
kirs and Kirghia of Turkestan and the 'still to oe had in Montenegro are fan-Turko-Tartars
of the interior of Rus- tatic. A goat or sheep, which before
sia and Siberia; representatives of the
convention of municipalities and -em
stvos of Siberia, the Urals ann the Vol
ga of the social revolutionary, social',
democratic, socialist labor and consti-
tutional democratic parties, of the so-1
cial democratic group "yedinstvo'
ABE MARTIN ;
Th' best thing we saw at th' state'
; fair wttz s tired, dusty woman in black!
alpscca eatin' a fish sandwich with th':
tail stic kin out. Ther's a nose diver in
and the association of the re-birth of
This government unites the over
whelming majority of the workmen,
peasants, democratic, bourgeoisie and
the intellectual classes of Russia in
tho common aim of saving the country
and the revolution.
The chief consideration of the new
government is the fear of a possible
premature peace by the allies and Ger
many before the re-entrance of Russia
into tho war.
Ambassador Bakhmetieff is keeping
the new government informed of every , October 1. will be 70 per cent of the
diplomatic move made by the United entire world's greatest annual pre
States in an effort to assure it that war output, according to figures made
tho possibility of a premature and in-
conclusive peace is so remote as to be
Without the bounds of possibility.
Cables received at the Russian em
bassy today outline in detail the prin
cipal position on which the new gov
ernment is founded.
1 Until the moment of the convoca
tion of the constituent assembly the
Russian provisional government is the i
sole possessor of supreme power over
the whole territory of Russia.
2 )n oTder of the Russian provis
ional government all functions of su
preme power temporarily exercised by
the regional governments arc trans
mitted to the provisional government.
3 Definition. of the limits of pow
er of the regional governments which
aro to be. founded on broad, regional
autonomy, is connnea to ine juagmeui
of the Russian provisional government.
Austria So Far Has Not 'Al
lowed Red Cross To Re
By Henry Wood.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Borne, Sept. 4. '(By Mail.) Out of a have forced the shipyards to discontinue
total population that' numbered a half, work on merchant ships which are bot
milliou before the war, an average of ; tied up, it is argued) In thi-a connection
five thousand persons are dying of star- many officials hold the German ships
. J!nr.n Unntannnf. .na.v urill llO.rn . r. ha tnitl nlntnl v rnKll'ilt Hl-
vation and disease in Montenegro every
month. Yet the allfes have not Tet
guccceded in arriving at any agreement.
witn AuBtria that will permit saving
the remnants of these people
Practically all of the farm lands of
the little kingdom is absolutely uncul
tivated this yvar, owing to the fact that
nf in An fha Wftflr Knot-.
j m latioa of' Monte.
r' " j ' ,, . .... -
"V. L An.W.V Th.
held rnsoner by the Austrians. The
and the female population,
the war cost $4, now sells at from $80
to $100. Potatoeg that ordinarily cost
a half a cent a pound, now cost tl.20
nound. For food the people strip the
oark trom tcrees, boil it and mako it!
int a gort of prl9try. Bonc-g of animals
jare even dug up, ground into powder
and added to this mixture of bark and
Contagious diseases have added thoir
toll to that of hunger. The situation is
so bad that it is openly recognized in
the Austrian and German press that un
less BOnrjthing is done immediately the
Montenegrin race must disappear utter
ly. The newspaper of the central em
pires demand that the allies be given a
permit to provision the country. Tak
ing advantage of this opportunity the
Montenegrins, in agreement with Great
Britain, France and ltaly, togcthcr with
the American Bed Cross and various or
ganizations are striving to reach agree
ment with Austria that will save the
remaining Montenegrin people.
Competent authorities estimate that
only 23,000 tong of foodstuffs would
Washington, Oct. 8. "Cons
cience money to help whip the
kaiser," rend a note enclosing
two fifty dollar bills that reach
ed Postmaster General Burle
son ' office today.
The letter bore a Binghamp
ton, N. Y. postmark. Thvre was
no signature nor identification
marks. The belated contributor
apparently thought the money
could be most profitably used
in accleratiug Kaiser Bill's
idide down the toboggan.
BREAKS ALL RECORDS
IN THIS COUNTRY
Pacific Coast Yards Haye
Now Turned Out Over Mil
lion Tons New Ships.
Washington. Oct. 8. American ship
production has again broken all re
cords. The output of American ship
yards for the twelve months ending
available to -the United Press today
Compared with this, it has been re
vealed that Germany and Austria lost
39 per cent of their tonnage since Am
erica became a belligerent. Through
seizures the Teutons lost 3,795,000 dead
weight tons. The greatest annual pre
war output of the world wa-.t' in 1913,
when approximately ,7:iO,000 dead
weight tons were built. America's out
put in the last 12 'months aggregated
close to 2.900,000 deadweight tons.
Although Germany has surrounded
her merchant fleet with tho utmost se
crecy, compilations of 'available facts
disclose the German and Austrian com
bined merchant tonnage to bo approxi
mately 10,000,000. This figure, of course
includes all of their coastwise bottoms
many of which are too small for trans-
Atlantic trade. The net loss through
seizure, therefore, is much more severe
than the figures indicate.
Since ruthless submarine warfare be
gan, the total loss of ships flying the
American flag is, 360.000 deadweight
tons. This represents about .4 of on
per cent of lots sustained by the cen
tral powers through seizure alone.
No figures ever have leaked out of
Germany as to her. losses through sink
ings. Losses reported from time to time
at allied or American naval men were
able to gain contact with German or
Austrian . vesnols, would indicate less
than half their former fleet remains.
Officials here believe also that ships
of .the central powers may be of little
value because of the lack of repairs.
Sho'taec of steel and other materials
used in ship building mnst necessarily
fore they can be engaged in ocean
traffic after peace comes.
Million Tdi On Coast
Washington, Oct. 8. The west coast
has built its first million tons of ship
ping. Figures compiled by tho United
States shipping board show that in the
third week of September shipyards lo
cated on the Pacific coast completed
ou vessel to send their total 40,-
ing engines, boilers and deck equip
ment, officials reported. The shipping
board report show that to and inelud
ing September 14, .the four greatest
ship producing sections have completea
the following tonnage:
Pacific coast 137 vessels; l,U4U,uuu
Atlantic coast 87 vessels;
Great Lakes' 131 vessels; 415,000
Gulf coasts One vessel. 3,500 tons
BRITISH STRIKE BLOW
Tacks Preceed Infantry Of
Generals Byng And Raw
London, Oct. 8. (6:56 p. m.) The
British and Americans, in their attack
between Cambrai and St. Quentin to
day advanced an average depth of four
miles, according to battle front dis
patches receiV3d here this afternoon.
They have captured Esslgny -La-Grand
and other villages.
It is also reported that Beloise and
Leedain have been captured.
By Lowell Mellett
(United Press staff correspondent)
With tho British Armies in France,
Oct. 8. (1(1:15 a. m.) Tho blow gtriwk
by Generals Byng and RnwliriB'm to
day advanced the British line farther
past the Hindcnbnrg line, whore Gen
ie ral Von Iioehme'g forces have been
fighting frenziedly to prevent a route
(Continued on page two)
PRICE TWO CENTS
Until German Troops Leave
Allied Soil There Can Be
No Peace Discussion
DEMAND EVIDENCES OF
GOOD FAITH ALSO
Only Details For Actual Car
rying Of President s Terms
Will Be AgreeiJ
Washington, Oct. 8. President Wil
son this afternoon addressed to Ger
many an inquiry designed to test the
sincerity uf Germany in her peace of
Tn this messugc he serves notice on
Germany that uc armistice , is possible
while the urmiej of the cenlir.i powers
are upon allied soil.
And, ho added, the good faith of
anv discussion would depend upon the
willingness of the Teutons to withdraw
their forces at once from invaded ter
Tho message to Germany was official
ly designed as an inquiry not. reply,
to the German peace note. It asked the
Gorman chancellor for the exact mean
ing, and questioned whether he meant
Germany was ready to accept tho four
teen terms and discuss only practical
details' of their application,
The text of the president's mes
sage, as incorporated in a messago Sec
retary of IState Landing delivered to the
Swiss chargo d' affaires, follows:
Text Of The Message.
"8ir: I have the honor to acknow
ication from the German government
note of October 0. inclosing a commun
ledge on behalf of the president your
to tho president, and. I am instructed
by tho president to instruct you to
make the following communication to
the imporial German chancellor:
. "Before making reply to the request
of the imperial German ' government
and in order that that reply shall be as
candid an 1 straightforward as the mo
montous intoreBts invoiv.id rr;uiro.. tte
president of the Unitod Stater deem
it necessary to nssuro liiit.ielt of the
exact meaning o' the r.o'.e t.i the im
perial chancellor. Does the imperial
chancellor moan that the imperial Ger
man government accepts the terms laid
down by the president in his address
to the congress of the United States on
the 8th of January Inst and in subse
quent addresses and that its object in
entering into discussions would be only
to agree upon tho practical detnils of
The president feels bound to say
v. ith regard to tho suggestion of an arm
istice that he would not feel at liberty
to propose a cessation or arms to the
governments with which the govern
ment of the United H'ates is associat
ed against tho central powers to long
as the armies of those powers are upoi
their soil. Tho good faith of any dis
cussron would manifestly depend upon
the consent of the central powers im
mediately to withdraw their forces
everywhere from invaded territory.
"The president also feels that he is
justified in asking whether the imper
ial chriiicellor is speaking merely for
the constituted authorities of the em
pire who have so far conducted the
war. lie deems tho answer to these
qtiostious vital from every point 01
ine uorman now.
'lie translation ot tne iierman note
as presented by Hwiss Charge d Af
taires ueflornii, saia: ,
"The German government requests
tne pre.-iueiit 01 tne unneu n.aies 01
America to take steps for the restor -
ation of peace, to notify all belligerents
of this request and .to invito them to
delegate plenipoteitiaricg for the pur -
pose of taking up negotiations.
"The German government accepts asj
a basis for peace negotiations tno pro-
gram laid down by the president of the
United Htates in his message to con
gress of January 8, 1918. and in his sub
sequent pronouncements. ,
"In order to avoid further bloodshed,
the German government requests to
bring about the immcdiute conclusion of
a geneal armistice on land, on water
and in the air.''
It's easy enough to tel when there 'simerance. . ' ,
a mail ship in from France. . (I'unel is three miles west of Bricul-
IK gominerance is six miles west of
The. allies have taken Roullcrs. Prob I .
ably used the storm rollar on it. ' vCjntiiiucd on 'ti; U.w
' " ' OREGON TONIGHT
"And Wednesday fair; light frost
east ertioa tonight) gentle -east-.
. erly winds. '
ON TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FIVE CENTS
N SPITE OF RAINS
ALLIED FORCES ARE
St Quentin-Caisbrai Sector
Scene Of Latest Abed '
ON AMERICAN FRONT
Vast Quantities Of Guns Ani
Supplies Are Being Cap-;
. hired By Yankees.
London, Oct. 8. British and Ameri
can troops attacked between St. Quen
tin and Cambrai before dawn this
morning, Field Marshal Haig announc
ed. . -
Despite a heavy rain, " satisfactory
progress" was made. T
"In successful operations yesterday
in the neighborhood of Montbrehain
and north of Bcaurevoir, American and
English troops took 230 prisonors,'
the statement said. ; " " ----- ;
"Shortly before dawn we attacked
between St. Quentin and Cambrai, lit
spite of a heavy rain, which eommene
ed last night and is still continuing,
first reports indicate satisfactory pro
gress was made. '
Tfie battle front between St. Que-,
tin and Cambrai is about 25 miles long
Recent dispatches showed the Ameri
eans operating In the Beaurevoir-Mont-brehaiu
region, at the farthest point
of the allied advance. ,
GERMANS FALLInU- BACK
!By Frank X Taylor -
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the American First Army, Oct.
8. The . Germans continue evacuation
of tho Champagne territory opposite
the Americans and northwest of Rheinis
Tho lines are temporarily station
ary, however, s the enemy is stoutly
holding its front positions in an
dent effort to delay the allies long
enough to permit removal of guns und
supplies from the lowlands dominated
by American artillery.1
The Yankee guns broke up an at
tempted counter attack yesterday. Tha
doughboys then charged tho attacking
forces, killin g and wounding a num
ber and taking several prisoners.
Reports) show the American haul re
cently includes guns, supplies, cart
and machine gunB in huge quantities.
They also captured a giant tractor as
bi'j as & railway engine.
evon companies cf Americans, sur
rounded in tho Argonne forest for
more than three days, were rescued yes
terday, after daring and continuous at
tacks by their comrades.
Tho Americans were cut off while
pushing through the dense timber in
single file. Airplanes had supplied
them with food, munitions, medical
supplies and orders. The full story of
their resistance and rescue, probably
will furnish one of the most dramatis
episodes of tho war. .
Heavy rains are making the going
difficult, but have not forced a cessa
tion of the fighting. ,
SQUEEZING ARGONNE POCKET
By Fred S. Ferguson
(United' Press staff correspondent)
Wi(h thp Alm.ri,.an First. Army, Oct.
gThg Ornians are squeezed tighter
j the Argonne pocket as the result of
the capture of (Tiatel I tiehery and tne
heights west of the Aire in yesterday 'a
furious all-day battle.
1 n;jg jh() and 244 were stormed, rob-
biug the boche of dominating positions
overlooking the Aire, and itiiiiultaneous-
hy closing in tighter the east flank of
1 the Araonne salient.
T,e eu'-my .artillery on the heights
West of the Aire was captured in less
than five and a half hours after tha
American attack started. One division
in the lust couple cf days captured
eijtht 77 's ami seventy five machine
guns, in addition to a Belgian iield
piece which was being used by th
A considerable movement northward
of (lermnn artillery and supplies has
been observed back of Cunel and Som-