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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 2, 1918)
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LEI' NEWS BEBVICB
1 ri Jjan
CiVILlANS GEHING OUT OF LILLE
IS GREAT GERMAN STRONGHOLD
ST. QUENTIN IN HANDS OF FKENCH
IN NAVE TAKEN DAMASCUS
HRG SVSTH4 HIVE"
Utter Demoralization Of Germany's fixed Defenses Is In
Sight-Open Warfare May Be Forced On Germans Unless
Belgium And France Are Abandoned. Germans Applied
Torch To St Quentin Before Leaving It. Interestisg De-
- velopments Promised,
By Lowell MeHett
(United Press Staff Correspondent) ' "
With The British Arm es In France, Oct. 2. The sup
porting trench' system behind the Hindenburg defenses,
known as the Beaurevoir line, has been broken.
The British Ninth corps, operating in connection with
Australian troops, has captured the village of Beaurevoir
: forming the north end of the defenses, as well as Bran
court (eight miles northeast of St. Quentin and six miles
. east and south of LaCatelet). . .!
The French have-thus been enabled to push eastward
and above St. Quentin, cutting the latter off and compel-
: ling its evacuation. - - -
Utter demolition of Germany's fixed defenses seems
to be in sight. The Hindenburg system has become a
sieve, soon to be a memory. Open warfare, on a scale
similar to the days when the Germans first reached France
Las been made possible.
Think Cambrai Taken
London, Oct. 2. (4.10 p. m.) Cant
or ai was partially occupied this morn
ing, it was stated In battle front dis
patches received tills afternoon. The
city is now believed to hare fallen.
Took 2000 Piisoners
London. Seat, 2. (4:35 p. m.) Be
tween the Veslo and the Aisne where
the French are pushing forward, in the '
vaucircling movement against St. Go- '
bafn massif, 2000 additional German;
prisoners ware take)! today, battle
i ront dispatches announced.
German Line Broken
London, Oct. 2. (1:60 P. m.) The
German line through Beutevolr nd
Fonsomme, northeast of St. Quentin
baa fcoen broken, according to battle
After a wife coaxes a dollar from
a average husband it'g more like a
ouvemrg man anytmng eise. woiuiu
... . i - i .t -
jollies an ole scout like askm' him if
th' draft got him.
JOIN THE nrt li J&
3i , KM
front dispatches received here this af
ternoon. Thig threatens the enemy's
lnie of retreat from the 01 se valley and
St. Goabin massif, if he is forced to
withdraw in that region.
London, Oct. 2. Damascus was oc
cupied by British forces at six o clock
yesterday morning, it was only an
nounced in the Palestine communique
received today. There wei)j no partic
ulars. With Damascus in the hands of the
British and French approaching Bed
rut, the way is practically open to a
march on Aleppo, 200 miles north of
Damascus, where the railways from
Damascus and Bagdad to Constantino
ple converge. Aleppo is about 500 miles
southeast of Constantinople.
Lille is Menaced
Paris, Oct. 2. The city of Lille is
being evacuated by its civilian popnia-
lion, accunung tu auvict rouuvea w
I Lille, one of tho chfcf cities of north
ern t rance and one of the German
strongholds, is seriously menaced by
the vrtish advance at Cambrai and
tile Belgian gains in Flanders, which
are putting it in a pockst.
Americans Brk Secords
With the American Army- in France,
Oct. 2. Daring the month of Septem
ber the first American pursuit group
of airplanes won more than seventy
victories, averaging two boches for ev
ery tb4 pilots in the squadron. On
ly four pilots were lost. This is world
Meti Bombed Again
London, Oct. 2. Mets-Sablona has
again been bombed by the British in
dependent air force in conjunction with
the American operations, it was an
nounced today. Burbach was also at
taed. One British machine failed to
Germans Apply Torch
Paris. Oct. 2. German troops set
firo to St. Quentin as the French en-
I. ...j -a. ..... i.MnM.A.11 fnav in-
iieieu n, x-icunci vumiuw..
(Continued on page three)
55 i Imft w r i ! ! In r ffi 1 r V it Ji
, WM- wiMa w g i s-is-aMs-.-.-.-.-.i-.-.-.-.i'''s'.'.''''s'''''''
STATES TO BE FORMED
IN MLE EUROPE
Would Include 60,000,000
Of People Between Baltic
And Black Sea.
- By Raymond Clapper.
(United Press Staff .Correspondent.)
Washington, Oct. 2. Formation of a
mid-European federation to consist of
a chain of small states extending from
the Baltic to th0. Black sea is under
way here, it was learned today. The
United States, semiofficially, will spon
sor the movement
Headquarters o. the committer for a
mid-European federation are to he open-ed-lere
thig week. Representatives Of
the pcople3 will Cohfvr over the innum
erable problems . presented by the
scheme. This federation, to fight on a
reconstructed eastern front, is being
organized as g step in fulfillment of
P.vsidnt. Wilson's program of libera
tion for all oppressed peoples. It is
expected to block Germany's ambitions
in tho-oast during the war and will be
incorporated into, the world league of
natioug at. the peace table, according
to thv present program.
- Of Many Races.
Jugo Slavs, ' Czecho slovaks, Italian
irredentists, Polos, Ukrainians and Ru
manians in America are uniting in the
move. They hope to induce their coun
trymen in Europe to join them. Later
Finns, Lithuians, Esthonians, Greeks
and won the Bulgar peoples may join
in tho movement its Iedcrs say.
Sixty million people fn Europe are
dffeeted. Ten million of their country
men in the United States are beihg ivs
Jioa on to start formation of the feder
ation. Military participation in tho war ag
ainst Germany is essential to the sue
cess of the scheme. Ewry nationality
joining the federation must recruit its
legion to fieht the central powers, ac
cording to plans now in contemplation.
(Continued on page two)
GRAVE CHARGES MADE
AGAINST THE AMERICANS
IN CENTRAL AMERICA
Consuls Accused Of Giving
Germans Access To Am
By L. C. Martin.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, Oct. 2. Charges involv
ing the loyalty of an American minister
and several consular officers accredited
to a Central American republic were
refen-id to the stato department today
through the senate foreign relations
The charges, if true, so connect the,
American diplomats with Gorman inter
ests as to make probable thv filing of
tho gravest accusations in the federal
courts against at least two men.
Disclosures of the ramifications of
German propaganda operating chiefly
through a business house of tremendou
influence and power, may also cause a
Ceutral American eruption which will
oust German influence for good.
Accusations against the American
diplomats may, of course, be wholly
unfounded. They were made to mem
bers of the foreign relations committee
from four independent and wholly
trustworthy sources. One was the sec
ret service of an independent govern
ment; another a branch of the military
SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1918.
GERMANS PREPARETO .
ON SHORTKT NOTICE
Holland Strengthens Garri
sons 0a Border To Pro
"Amsterdam, Oct. 2. Plans for tho
evacuation of Belgium, if necessary,
have already beeu prepa'red, according
to Baron Von Falkenhausen, military
governor of Belgium, press dispatches
received here today reported. In con
versation with a leading Dutchman at
The Hague, Yon Falkenhausen was
quoted as saying:
"Plans are, ready for early evacua
tion of Belgium if necessary. The Ger
man army ean return to its own fron
tier in order to show tho world we real
ly want to defend Germany."
The Dutch are said to be strength
ening thoir froutier garrisons to pre
vent violations of their neutrality by
the retreating Germans
A correspondent on the frontier stat
es that Falkenhausen secretly instruct
cd the provincial government in Bel
gium to rush their archives to Ger
many, Several hundred luggage vans
arrived in Brussels from Germany to
send back the German officers' fur
niture. German soldiers are quoted as hav
ing said "we wont be here more than
six weeks lonner. "
Tn?e days ago allied airmen le
over Brussels, dropping thousands 01
'Have patience. The hour of liberty
is in sight."
The Germans did not turn anti-aircraft
guns on these aviators.
U-BOAT CBEWS MUTINY
FOUR BOATS ABE SUNK
lOopenhagen, Oct. 2. Four
German torpedo boats whose
crews mutined and attempted
to take them out of the harbor
during August, were pursued
by cruisers and sunk according
to information here today. The
. occurrence is said to have been
confirmed by the washing
ashore of lfiu' bodies. '
Thirty sixi German sailors
were executed at Kiel recent-
ly as tho result of a mutiny
against submarine duty,- it is
reported. Several mutinies oc-
currcd among German and Aus-
trian soldieirs in the Ukraine
during Hoptember. At Kherot
six thousand Austrian are re-
ported to have refused to go to
the west front.
service and the others quite as respon
sible. According to these charges, tho ac
cused officials have:
Accorded a German banking house
fullest acevss to American records and
papers in war time.
Sold confidential government infor
mation to the German banker propagan
Accepted "loans" from the bankers
in the form of "overdrafts" on per
sonal accounts, in return for commer
cial information wanted by tbv Ger
mans. In addition, the Germans are said to
have seriously compromised one of the
officals in a way reflecting on his mor
ality, so that his further usefulness in
the country is ended.
Further, the charge is that one of
the officials involved was responsible
for suppresion of strongly pro-ally
newspaper which had made vigorous at
tacks on the Gvrman banking house.
The German banking house mention
ed is known all over Central America.
Through correspondents and branches it
reaches into every country there. It is
under suspicion as the head and center
of the German spy propaganda system
on the American eontinent.'
The charges will be discussed by the
foreign relations committee at a meet
ing this week.
It was said at the state department
King Albert And General
nusuner Threaten Ostend
LtT)El)ORFF ROBS LINE
' TO HELP STOP ADVANCE
Foch Stabbing Persistently
Into German Lines At
By Webb Miller.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Paris, Oct. 2. Using ton armies as
great crowbars, Marshal Foch is relent
lessly prying off the pillars on the Ger
man front. , ,
At fifteen distinct points the crow
bars have stabbed deop into tlw vita
plvces in the enemy liacs and are being
At least four of the pillars Boulers,
Menin, Cambrai and St. Quontitt are
tottering, whilv) menace to the others
U louunng '.arger every hour.
The points of Foch crowbars are ton
to fifteen miles in width at some points
and at others they are only a few
Among the most importum nw.t of
the advances in the north aio the men
aces to concentration centers and disor
ganizatiou of the German lateral com
Po:aibly the most interesting move
ment undor vniy is between tlw North
sea and lalle, where King Albert and
General Plummer are pushing on with
wonderful succoss, which is highly dan
gerous to the Gorman a because unless it
tend and Zcbruggc.
is stopped it will mean the fall of Os
Beth the gravity with which tho Ger-
niai.'S regard this contingency and tho
state of General Von liuTlendorif g re
serves are shown by the appearance of
divisions on the Belgian trout which
have been rushed from points a hund
red miles down tho line.
l'lummer and the Belgian monarch are
nc.eompliBhing a doublo purpose by sim
ultaneously edging around to the north
of Lille, while Goneral Home, further
8'iittli, lis striking between Cambrai and
liouai, thug drawing a big half circle
around tho important city of Lille and
the giwat industrial and coal basin.
Meanwhile, Generals Home, Byng,
Rawlinson, and Derby are tightening
l.icir grip upon Cambrai and St. Quen
tin by driving crowbars in oi. i nicr
sidt. and between each town.
Further south, General Mangin is rol
ling ahead, shoving the Germans off tho
Chciiiin-Drs-Damos heights. Uenerai
Berthelot," smashing them on Mangin 's
light as far cast as Kheims, is hasten
iuir t'ieir withdrawal heiv.
On the extreme south of the great
batttle front, General Pershing is slow
ly pushing ahead against the most bit
tcr resistance and Is overcoming the
difficulty of natural obstacle in the Ar
goimc forest. Genvral Gouard's new
attacks, on Pershing's left have won
THE RAISES SCARED.
Amsterdam, Oct. 1. Tho
kaiser has sent the following
message to the members of tho
''I confidently hoie that the
German people, in these earnest
times, will resolutely gather
around me and give their blood
and wealth, to tho last breath,
in defense of the fatherland."
BACKS DRIED FBUITS
Oklahoma, yesterday eharged that the
quartermaster's department of the
army deserved a rebuke for it failure
to utilise dried fruits and vegetable
to a greater extent in preparing army
rations, at a meeting of the senato
that the whole subject had been eallcd
frt Kwrfftrirv T.H rminff 'i. attention and
that tho department would undertake a
thorough investigation, in tne mean
time comment was withheld. .
PRICE TWO CFTT? . 0S TRAINS AND M EW9
ITXU.Uj AVVU VNld '.STANDS -FIVE CENTO
PEACE OFFENSIVE AS
HER J0BF0R WINTER
At The Same Time It Is Be
lieved She Is Preparing To
Withdraw From Belgium
By Carl D. Groat
(United Press staff corresponlent)
Washington, Oct. . 2. State depart
ment advices this afternoon indicated
that Germany is preparing to evacuate
ihe Belgian submarine bases and per
haps to make a more extensive evacu
ation of Belgium generally.
The messages came from a secret
Incidentallq, the department has
been indirectly approached about the
matter of sending Germany an ultima
tum against destruction of Belgian cit
ies when the evacuation docs come.
Tho department 's information said that
rolling stock, hospitals and storehouses
are boing transferred from the fourth
army district to a general government.
The meaninig of this was not entirely
clear, though the remainder of the
message indicated it was part of an
Civilian authorities generally are be
ing recalled and regulations regarding
the maritime district aro being made
more severe, which the department
said seems to indicate measures for
the evacuation of the U-boat bases.
Beservits in Belgium have been sent
to the front. At Antwerp, the naval
base staff under Admiral Von Qohon
sun is preparing to quit the oity.
.With Titrkey reported maneuvering
for an armistice on the beet available
tetms, Gormany is evidently preparing
two extensive moves one a peace of
fensive, the other a grand s.-ale retire
ment in the west.
The peace offensive is deemed only
part of a scheme, known to this gov
ernment, to lay down a pacifist bar
rago through the fall and winter, re
gardless of how much refusal to accept
comes from the cntento and America.
Austria'apparontly will be uned again
as a catspaw. But it is noted that in
her latest felers, as reportod in cables,
she admits being linked completely to
Germany. There is no sign thus far that
cither nation is anywhere near the
mood to accept the broad gauge, altru
istic program President Wilson has de
clared a permanent peace basis. As for
the west front military situation, Ger
many's problem grows more disastrous
A retirement is destined to come be
fore long. It will probably bo for a
HUNS PILE RESERVES
ON AMERICAN FRONT r
BUT DO NOTSTOPTHEM
Dogged Determination Over
coming All Resistance
Boches Can Make
By Fred S. Ferguson.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With Tho Americans West Of Verdun
Oct. 2. While activity in the remaind
er of the lino is confined to repulsing
bitter counter attacks and consolidating
m.'wly won positions, the Americans in
tho depth of the Argnnno forest are
shoving forward somewhat today.
Overcoming almost ' insurmountable
obstacles, they are rectifying, their
line. The density of the forest renders
liaison most difficult, but each group
goes forward as rapidly as pos&iblc,
maintaining communications with the
aid of runners.
Tho Americans arc continuing to beat
the bochn reserves. The fact that they
have not made any great strides for
ward in tho past few days does not In
dlivnu that the Americans ar through.
On the contrary, they have just begun
and from now on th6 nrst army ean do
ounted on to make a steady, though
not spectacular advance.
Evidences are accumulating that tiro
Germans aro preparing to withdraw
from their advanced positions opposite
Coupled with the Fivnch advances on
our left, this will bring the 'pinching
out of the famous forest that much
iifjOT; American patrols have already
pein'trated Montrelieau wooa. - - .
Continuous counter attacks in Uio rc
Uinn nf ADremont resulted In vtttmri
I territory changing hands four or five
PEACE DEMANDS '
MADE BY SERBIA
ALSO BY GREECE
Outline Of What They Will In
sist On Upon Final
MUST REPAY DAMAGES
INFLICTED ON EACH
Bulgaria Disbands Armies
Allies Take Charge Of ;
Washington, Oct. 2. Serbia ami
Greece today announced their peace
demands on Bulgaria. They are:
1. Reparation for all damages in
2. Abandonment of all plans for .
domination of the Balkans.
3. Guarantees that Greeks living on
Bulgarian territory shall not be exter
minated. . . ; .
The terms outlined in an official
statement issued at the Qreek legation
by Minister Boussos, apply to the condi
tions of the peace settlement to be in
sisted upon at the general peace table. ,
Bulgaria,. Minister . Boussos said,
speaking for both governments, shall
be prevented from designs looking to
supremacy in the Balkans.
' ' In th0 opinion of tho Greek and '
Serbian governments, the armistice up
on Bulgaria ilws not constitute a final
settlement of tho differences between
Greece, Berbia' and Bulgaria," Minis
ter fioussog stated.. . . , ,
"Ag Germany, tho accomplice of Bul
garia must repair all ruins sha hag ac
cumulated and give guarantees thttt la
the futnre sho will not be a danger
for the peace of tho world, so Bulgaria
must repay all the damage caused the
Serbians and to thv Greeks.
"HHe must bo prevented from form
ing new dreams of hegomony in the
Balkans and preparing a new aggres
sion as in 1913 and 1014. She must also
give terious guarantees that the Grcvks
still living on her territory may not
(Continued on page two)
times. At the- end of the whirlwind
fighting the Americans had won a
slight advantage. Ins noetic, it is
established, suffered heavy losses, pris
om rs saying that some companios lost
fully 30" per cent of the effectives.
Heavy counter attacks north of Nan
tdloe also wer repulsed. The Germans
in4 irmii ti ruirifni-OA 4lli.il lillPtl Willi
fresh troops. Troops ordinarily used ex
clusiv. ly for road building aro Brao,.4
the prisoners, as well as'sonra from the
Wire bridges, upon which American
soldiers walked over the deepest net
works of barbed wiro in the Argonne
forc;'t, are among tW unique features
Of tne recent iigimng.
?i. .nuin nine.... the hnpltA wires were
interwoven in the underbrush to the
depth of a hundred yards. They were
practU'ally impassible and held up our
advance mor(. than the enemy reslg
tniicp. until Ciilonel Shcrrill of the en
gineers, almost famous as the author
of several army tvxtbooks on engineer-
lug, UCV1SOU 8 SCJieme iu oitrevura
them. Rolls of chicken wire wore rein-
H.UU l.nn 1-ta.a anil atrift. tit
steel. They were thrown over the en-
The Americans walked across the
chicken wire easily and rapidly. The
colonel told me he knew the bridges
were "od because he had walked on
them himself. .
The taking of Montfrueon deprived
iho bocho of a position dominating ev
erything from south of the old line to
north of Vonzicrcs. So long as the
Americans threaten a'fnrther advance,
the Germans' ultimate retirement on
(Continued es page two) .