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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 30, 1918)
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BPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY KEW8 8EBVICB - -
"Wll liiiUilfl u
Willi DEMOBILIZE ARMY WITHIN
TERRITORY SURRQjDER BALANCE
ArJD'BREAK V1TH ALL HER ALUES
Allies Are Also To Have Free Access To Bulgarian Territory
This Permits Attacking Germany's Back Door And Ren
ders Certain The Crushing Of Austria-It Also Strengthens
Hands of Loyal Russians And Will Help Start-Germans
There for Home-Ground Work For Victory In 1919 Laid.
Paris, Sept., 30. Bulgaria is out of the war.
Having accepted all of the military terms imposed by
the allies, she" has ceased to be an active participant.
These facts became known today when It was official
ly announced that the armistice had been signed.
It is learned authoritatively that at Salonika, Bulgar
ian and allied representatives discussed only the condi
tions of Bulgaria's disarmament and. not' political ques-.
tions. ' ..' . ... . '
STOPPED FIGHTING AT NOON.
London, Sept. 30. The allies and Bulgarians ceased
Jipstilities at noon, it was learned from an authoritative
source here tbis afternoon. v , ; ;
"" The Serbian legation confirms. Bulgaria's surrender.
The terms laid down by the. allies were unofficially
reported to be as follows: V '"... ,' " t '
. Surrender of all Bulgarian forces outside Bulgarian
territory and demobilization of, the army within. Com
plete breaking of relations with Germany, Austria and
Turkey, and free access of allied forces to Bulgarian ter
ritory. " -
By Carl D. Groat.
(United Press Staff Cowespondeut.)
' Washington, Sept. 30. Bulgarian
Minister Pauartoff today submitted to
(Secretary of State Lansing a communi
cation froui Bulgaria asking the united!
(States to tito its good office, in helping !
to conclude the allied Bulgarian arinis-
Inasmuch as the armistice has been
signed, it was held by the department
that further steps by the American
government aie unnetvssary.
Bulgarian acceptance of the allied ar
mistice conditions spells the end of
Teutonic dreams in the near-east, mil
itary and diplomatic authorities agreed
i today. Tln allies will now proceed with
enlarged plans for putting the finishing
touches on the blow against Germany's
' ' back door. "
.., Tho Danube front will be re-ostblish-ed,
according to present plans; Kumania
freed by Bulgaria's cessation from hos
tilities, will undoubtedly .enter the
struggle; Turkey must quit and a blow
direct at Austria-Hungary can beei
pected. ' ; .
That Bulgaria will conduct a definite
separate peace, as a supplement to
tliearniisticc, is taken for granted. The
state department and allied govern
ments have evidence that proves there
is 110 'stalling" about this situation.
Bulgarian Minister Panaretoff was
shown tkv United Press dispatch an
nouncing the .reported signing of the
armistice agreement this morning, and
shortly afterward left for a confenence
with Secretary Lansing at the state
department. ' ' . " . '
Bulgaria 't chief contvrn now is to
have the final territorial adjustment
left to the American-allied peace, table
but whether or not this is granted, it is
held certain that signing of the armis
tice means the-, effective, definite eli
mination of the Bulgar from the eastern
- It is expected today that the Bulgar
ian minister, Panaretoff would see
Secretary Lansing. America already is
M the matter, however, her represcnta
tire at Sofia being a participant in tlii
negotiations. It is assumed Panaretoff
will ask the United States to do all it
can in a peace movement on the single
proviso that final territorial adjust
uient be left to the great peace table of
nil the nations. '
The next big news from the east is
expected to U word that Turkey has
followed the lead of Bulgaria and is
eeking to drop oat of the struggle.
If this happens, Germany's days in
tan war will be materially lessened.
The groundwork for the 1919 victory
i now nvll laid. The Timash from the
Belgian coast to the Champagne is
progressing wonderfully WelL The Ger-
Ma-A 1 fin :L,?A
II I II . II till V. '11 till 11 II II I 1 11 i I
Turkey Threatens To Break
Relations With Germany
Geneva. Sept. 30. That Tur-
key has demanded money from
Germany, threatening to break re-
lation9 if it is not forthcoming,
was reported here today. ,
It was said that at a recent dip-
$ lomntie conference that the
Turkish grand vizer, Mezfer, re-
quested 'oan demanding can-
collation of previous Turkish
debts to Germany. The sultan,
according to advices said to Me-
aier before he went to Berlin,,
4c "1 am tired of Gwrman dom
4c iaition over Turkey. Get prompt
4c satisfaction or leave Berlin im-
r fr "1 J sjc
And Kaiser Accepts
Amsterdam, Sept. 30. The
Mittag Zeitung reports that the
kaiser has accepted the resig
' nation of Chancellor Van Hert
ling and Foreign Minister Von
4e 4c 4c 4 4c 4c 4 4c 4 4c 4c 4c 4c
TROTSKY WOUNDEB '
Stockholm, Sept. 30. Leon
Trotsky, bolshevik war minis
ter ig reported to have been shot
in the shoulder recently "at
Brian&k ig wound is not ser
ious The assailant was arrested.
man ig being forced to relinquish his
grasp on the old Hindenbnrg line positi
ons and winter will undoubtedly find
him crowded back to new lines. In thv
east, Bulgaria has' tottered;' Turkey is
on the verge.
The western position is sucht tha
when America's strength reaches the
p.'ak next spring, a break through for
a final crushing of Teuton power will
be possible. In the east, the allies will
knock at Germany 'g back door, making
sure the crushing of Austria. Meautimg
the Russian fight will be carried for
ward degporatoly, forcing the Geiman
to abandon the grip he gained by the
treacherous Brest-Litovsk treaty. .
All these moves will smash the eGr
man military" power, settle trie main ter
ritorial problems and make possible the
enforcement of a peace along the liber
al lines President Wilson has outlined
BULGARIA HAY PUT
MILLION MEN IN WAR
. AGAINSTTHF TURKS
Turkey Must Prepare To De-
fend Constantinople Or
Sue For Peace.
' ' " By Raymond Clapper.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, Sept. 30, Bulgaria will
be friendly tq any allied moves against
Turkey and will be practically on the
side of the allies for ttie remainder of
the war, Bulgarian Minister Panaretoff
told tho United Press today.
Turkvy -will bo forced to sue for
peace or meet an allied attack on Con
stantinople, he said. An allied advance
over the Sofia railway toward Adrian-
ople can be expected at' any time, he
declared.. ' . .
"Winuing of Bulgaria -to tin? allied
side is a great gain," Minister Panare
toff declared. "It will have its effect
on Turkey. . Turkey will be obliged fr, T- Z . f . u lg ? .
either to' sue f,W peace as Bulgaria has Riding the. fate of lhe nat.on't
done, or to mftt allied attack on Con- 18. 5 nT 'otteI
stantinople. The fact that the allies in
their demands have asked, according to
dispatches from Paris and London, that
the Bulgarian railways should be under
their control, points to the fact that
Bulgaria will bw friendl to'any allied
It is even hintetl-thai "bvei a million
Bulgarian troop may turn enjTjirlcey
and the aUitft a&acK.. ' Bft'ter oh-
trovorsy has raged between Turkey artd
Bulgaria overbite boundary along theJ
Mantza rivvr. . it would "take little
provocation, diplomats say, to cause
Bulgaria , t4-throw her. tToops, -ogainst
tho Turks. . . .. ; v
Secrqtary of State Lansing ' was in
formed several months ago that Bulgar
ia would break from Germany at the
first opportunity.' Thia wag learned on
unquestioned authority. Strong presume
had been brought upon this government
to . force a break with But-'
garia bat ' when . Bados'avof F
was turnea out from the Bulgarian cabi
net and Maliuoff put in his place as
premier, word was sent out quickly that
it meant peace s 10011 88 the new gov
ernment could engineer the move. Ac
tual negotiations have been on longer
that the public stspected, it is under
stood, but the strong termg which the
allies demanded caused sonre hesita-
turn on the part of Bulgaria,
FRESH TROOPS FAIL
Middle West Troops Smash
Counter Attacks And
Drive Further Ahead.
:" l- ' ' - .
By Frank 3. Taylor
(United Press staff corresponlent)
With the Trench West of Verdun,
Sept. 30. The Germans are constantly
throwing in fresh divisions in an ef
fort to hold back the Americans be
tween the Argonnc forest and the
Meuse, resulting in increasingly vio
lent fighting. " ',
Missouri, Kansas and Ohio troops,
after four days' continuous fighting,
withstood the counter attacks of the
fresh boche masses without budging,
then resumed their offensive, gaining
more ground. -
The German artillery ig becoming
more active while our 75 'g are firing
poiatblank from front line positions,
sweeping the Argonne hillg, " pioneer
ing" for the infantry.
I saw the beginning of an intense
battle yesterday afternoon from a
point near MontfaucOn (12 miles aorth
weat of Verdun) which is now under
a continuous enemy bango.
Winding out toward Montfaucon
from a wood where the United Press
car wag hidden, you walk across the
two-day. battlefield of rolling ground
until the formidable boche barbed
wire around Montfaucon hill, plug the
continnoug explosion of shells ahead,
Montfaucon is located nn the crest
of a moderately sloping hill.
Its gaunt Tuing stand out against
the horizon. The American artillery
continually bangs away, while over
head the ' American shells spasmodic
ally whittle, mixed with an oceasiona!
long whine from a boche projectile. '
: Of f 'to the left from the Argonne for
est the steady roar of other American
SALEM, OREGON, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1918.
President Wilson Draws First
Of 17,000 Capsules In
'The Box. ;
DRAWING WILL TAKE
UNTIL LATE TOMORROW
Drafted Mea iWiH Be ; Called
According To, Number In
Washington Sept. SO America ' vie
tory draft lottery-her third and great
eat -gets underway at noon today.
Because approximately 17,000 eP'
sules must be drawn from the big glass
will go through today, tonieht and
probably well into tomorrow afternoon
before it is completed.' Early today a
big crowd thronged the senate office
building where the drawing was heltlJ
liouse and senate military eOmmittcet
Acting Secretary of War Crowell, Chief
of Staff March, Provost Marshal. Gen
eral rowder' anil other, notable were
present t the orlenis. .. . - "
' fil the first draft '-the drawing' occu
pied sixtoen-and one half hours, 10,
500 capsules- being -lited.-The aeeond
lottery waa completed in one hour and
fifteen minutes, only 1200 capsules be
Secretary -of War Baker drew the
first two numbers inthe two previous
drafts, number 2a6 and 24H, respective
ly.' In the two previous drafts the last
numbers drawn were 579 and 22,
President Draw 322 . '
Although this drawing will give, to
everv man who registered an order
number, registrants will bo called in
accordance with their order number
within their rrespective classes, as
shown by the classification list and
within the ages from time to time pre
scribed by the president a immediate
ly liable to be called for classification
and military service.
The numbers, as fast as called, were
(Continued on page three)
guna adds to the din. All our artillery
ig concentrating on one specified small
area, packed with machine gun nests,
which interrupted the advance of '''
souri and Pennsylvania troops. -The
barrage, sweeping on before the attack
saved the lives of, many doughboys.
Over a rise to the west, two Bed
Cross men can ,be seen . carrying a
stretcher. Another wounded mantis fol
lowing them. They must cross two kil
ometers (a mile and a quarter) of hills
before they finally reach the dressin?
station for which they are bound. It
is hidden in a former boche dugout at
the edge of a wood.
To the right another quartet emerg
es over the horizon carrying a wound
ed comrade. Suddenly machine gun fire
rattles sharply above the confused roar
of the heavier guns. They drop their
stretcher and lie flat. It U ono of our
own airplanes firing at some booties a
considerable distance away. But cau
tion is necessary, since Red Croxg men
and wounded have been fired on gev
eral times by snipers who have not
been mopped up.
Impassable roads from the front
make it necessary to carry the wound
ed in litters more than five kilometers
(over three miles.) The litter men have
been working without rest since day
light. They have had little food, eith
er. They gather np the wounded, give
them first aid and bring them back to
the dressing stations. While the wound
ed are waiting their turn there they
are carefully covered with salvageti
blankets and boche overcoats.
Many of the Red Cross men had not
eaten more than one ortwo meals dur
ing the whole fighting. They were tir
ed looking but bright eyed. One Red
Cross man from Ohio stopped me and
asked "for news from the outside world
He had been too busy to inquire for
news before and was delighted to learn
l Continued on page three)
London, Sept. 30. (8 p. m.)
The Belgiani have capture
Koulers, one of the most im
portant points behind the. Ger
man linvs at the northern eud
of the 'battlo front.
Gerard Says War Will
End Within A Year
4c Saa Francisco, Sept. 30. 4c
4t "The. war will bv over within 4c
4e a year," declared Jameg W. Ger- 4c
4i rard, former ambassador to Ger- 4c
4c many, when told today that Bui- 4c
4c garia has surrendered. 4c
4c - "Thig means the end of Tur- 4c
key in the war, and with Bill- 4
garia out the end is not far
4e off," he continued. "With 4c
4t ''With these allies in the fight-
ing the enemy might have held
4c on for two years. She cannot' 4
do it now. The end may come ' 4c
4c sooner than I predict, but with- 4c
4i in a year the allies will have 4
4c won." ... . ... 4c
4c Garard predicted a German 4c
4c naval offensive this winter, tin-
4c able to. win on land, he believes 4c
Germany will seek to -do .what
4c damage she can with her fket. 4c
4c That fleet will be stopped bv 4c
4c the allies he has little doubt, - 4c
4c but he believeg Germany witl at- 4c
tempt to reach the Atlantis 4c
4c - oatt and may try an attack on 4c
4c . Few York..
4c ." ', ' 4c
PRESIDENT UR G E S
SENATE TO ADOPT
The World's Struggle For
Democracy Demands This
, Act of Justice
Washington; Sept. - 3d. President
Wilson's speech boforo the United
States senate today urging the adoption
of the women's amendment follows:
Gentlemen of the Senate:
The unusual circumstances of. a
world war in which we stand and are
judged in the view not only of our own
cunwicnces, uui biu iu wie view or mi i
nations ana peoples, wiu, i nope, jus-
ciry in your inuuiu,as it noes in mine
the message 1 come to bring you. I
message 1 have come to bring you. I
regard the concurrence Of the senate in
the constitutional amendment proposing
tho extension of the iuffrage to wom
en as vitally essential to the success
ful prosecution of the groat war of hu
manity in which we are engaged. 1
have come to urge upon you the con
siderations which have led me to that
conclusion. It is not only my privilege,
it also is my duty to appraise you of
every circtimstanco and every element
involved is this momentous struggle,
which seems to me to affect its very
procefs and its outcome. Jt is my
duty to win the war and to ask you to
remove every obstacle that stands in
tho way of winning it. ,
Not A Party Issue.
I had assumed that tho senate would
concur in the amendment because no
disputable principle is involved, but
only a question of the method by whiflh
the suf farge is to bo extended to
women. There is and can be no party
issue invn-ed in it. Both of our na
tional parties are pledged, explicitly
pledged, to equality of suffrage for the
women of the eountty. Neither party,
therefore, it seems to me, can justify
hesitation as to the method of obtain
ing it, can rightfully hesitate to sub
stitute federal initiative for state in
itiative if the early adoption of this
measure is necessary to the successful
prosecution of the war and if ' the
method of -state action proposed in the
party platform of 1916 is impracticable
within any reasonable length of time,
if. practicable at all. And its adoption,
to my judgment, clearly necessary to
the successful prosecution of the war
and the successful realization of the
objectives for which the war is being
fought. That judgment I take the lib
erty of urging upon you with soiemn
earnestness for reasons which I
r. f f 3 rfi I f i nlvvrtT 4.V I
s'ate very frankly and which I ghalfKront," the statement said
hope will seem as conclusive to you as
they seem to me.
Must Do Justice. .
This is a peoples' war and the peo
ples' thinking constitutes its atmos
phere and morale, not the predictions
of the drawing room or the political
(Continued on page two)
mm ri is t nil .ii -ii t i s i i
PRICE JtVfO CENTS
BRITISH I EDGE OF CAMBRAI
ST. QUENTIH DOOMED TO FALL
Americans Had 52 Air Fights Sunday And Brcaght Down 33
German Planes. Dozens Of German Non-CcEsissbnei
Officers Shot Following Attempt At Revolt French Ad
vance Along. Chemin-des-Dames Occupying Half Of It.
Paris, Sept. SO French troopg are
within three kilometers (a mile ana a
quarter) of the center of Bt Quenttn, ac
cording to battle front dispatches rs- j
celved here today.
They also are progressing in the TJr
Tillers wood, cast of the St. Quentin-La
Fere road, where they are close to the
Aviators Great Work.
London, Sept. 30. Americans partici
pated in fifty-two battles Sunday
bringing down thirty-three German
without a single loss, according to dis
patches to the Dally New today.
French Advance Swiftly.
London, Sept. 30. (1:26 p. m.) Be
tween tha Atlette and tha Aisna the
FieQch have received the Olae-Aisne
canai ana ar progressing aiong tne
Chemln-Dea-Dames, according to battle
front' dtspajtcheg received here today.
In.. - - u.a -
m. . -i ... ... tt.iii" doubt in the minds of the military
the Alsne river, six miles east of Valllyf.,,,,. ,,. . . , ., .... ,.
to the Ardon river, three miles east of
Anizy-Le-Chateau. It crosses the "Che-min-Dos-Dames
Indicating that the French have occu
pied nearly half of the t Chemln-Des-Dames.
Germans Shoot Own Men. -
Paris, Sopt. 30. Dozens of non-com-missioned
officers and men of General
Von Boehm's army have been shot, fol
lowing an attempt at revolt, according
to advices "from the Swiss frontier to
day. " '
Smashed Hlndy's Line.
London, Sept. 30. (1:23 p. m) The
Hindenbnrg line has been broken to a
depth of two miles, od an eight mile
front, north of St. Quentln, according
battle dispatches received here this
Tne Tnnch hold bM Qf tn,
Des-Dames. The Germans are retiring
in that region.
Th Americans are Included in this
operation ag they are fighting as far
south, as Belllconrt, only seven milesi
north of St. Quentin. ;
Heavy losses were inflicted in the'
repulse of determined counter attacks
launched' Jn the Cambrai sector.
A heavy rain has fallen during tha
night and It is still stormy.
. "At Bony and VlUerg-Guislain, hos
tile counter attacks during the latter
part of the day pressed us back slightly
to the western outskirts of these villa
ges. Elsewhere our. gains were main
tained. "North of Gonneliu further progress
was made during the evening in the di
rection of Leg Bues Des Vlgnes (five
miles directly south of Cambrai.)
"Yesterday north 0f Bt. Quentin, the
Midland division alone captured 4,000
prisoners and forty guns.
- "At Bcllicourt (seven miles north of
St. Quentin) and Gonneliu (eight miles
southwest of Cambrai) the enemy's re
sistance was obstinate yesterday. Ameri
can, Australian and English troops. In
heavy frlhting until late in the even
ing and in spite of strong opposition
gained ground and took many prisoners.
In Suburbs of CambraL (
London Sept. 30. British troops have
entered the northern suburbs of Cam
brai, Field Marshal Haig reported to
day. They have also reached the june'
ption of the Arras-Cambrai roads, on tin-
western edge of the city.
. Americans, Australians and English
despite heavy resistance all day yester
dav, gained ground between Cambrai
and St. uentin.
"Therw was heavy fighting yesterday
afternoon at the left of the battle
Our advanced troops who had taken
Aubenchcul-Au-Bac and had entered Ar-
Icux (an important town five and a
half miles directiy south of Douai) were
compelled to withdraw froint!iesc villa
"West and northwest of (.nmbrai the
enemy was unable to prevent our pro-
grcss. Advanced detachments reachvd
i i uesaay
. rwt .5 T.
ON TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FIVE CENT3
f junction of the Arras-C'ambral and
Bapaume-Cambrai roads and entered tha
northern suburb of the town." '
PRYING FINGERS LOOSE.
By Webb Miller. ;
(Capital Journal Special Service.)
Paris, Sept. 30. Cambrai and St.
Quontin, two of Germany's strongholds
in France, seem about to fall into al
lied hands, i -.
Lille, Douai, St. Quentin, Cambrai.
and Laon, ar0 fhe five great bastions
of the German defenses,.? 'fW tH i
ties have boon held by Germany like
tho fingers of a hand gripping Franee.
Germany is about to lose the two midf
die fingvrs Cambrai and St. Quentin
and tho other are endangered.
It .will probably take weeks and per
haps months of bitter fighting and
many battles may lie necessary before
those other grasping fingvrs can bo
pried off and the kaiser forced to tafcu
an !ewgrip further' north, but theto is
- - ...... w . ..in. a. uu m
Theiv are continuous advances . at
many points of the line. Attack is pil
ed upon attack. The significance of
th0 vast battle is the great outstanding
fact that for 'the first time sinco the
Germans crossed the Fivnch frontier in
1914, they ar now forced to think hard
and fast to retain their grasp Upon
northern France. Only a wvck ago
such a situation to the publie would
have accmod liablo to result only from
many weary months of campaigning
yet today it is an- accomplished fact. -
Benew Fight on Champagne. - '
. Paris, Sept, 30. The Champagne of
fensive, after a night without infantry
action, resumed at daybreak today, the
French' war office annouueed today.
Violent German counter attacks south
of 8t. Quentin wcro repulsed during the
night. Thcr0 wa. sharp artillery fight
between tho Alette and the A is no.
"During; the night violent German
attacjis in the region of Urvillerg (3
uls south of St. Quwutln) wero re
pulsed," tho communique said.
"The French broko up all attempts
against Hill 88.
Thcr0 was fairly sharp artillery
IlrlnK between tlio Aisne and the Ac
"In the a))ianipagm tfierg wag infant,
ry action during the night. The buttlu
(.Continued on page throe)
Master Freddie Tangcr refnsed t
takc castor oil t'day 'cause it's needed
t' win th' war. Ever' once in a while
gome ole scout fergits that he's only
thirty-five an" talks about what a great
opery star Alice Oats wuz.
l ABE MARTIN ;
'tit' ' f