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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 27, 1918)
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. LEY NEWS SERVICE
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 2T0.
l3iu. it. .... Jill i I . . ,1' .JiJ si ' l . il li 1 13 . A; J sL: lViJ L a li in
.... ? . - , . ... - i , 1
If) LATEST DRIVE
Allied Forces Resume Drive
On Champagne Front This'
ALL REPORTS INDICATE
Prisoners Grow Mere Numer
ous As Fuller Reports
Are Received Today
Paris, Sept. 27. The French and
Americana haj taken more than 16,-
000 prieonerg in their Champagne Ar
gonne drive, according to authoritative
information received here this after
noon. . .
London, Sept 27. (1:32 p. m.) The
Americans have captured Chaxpentty
(two miles north of Vailames), accord
ing to battle front dispatches received
here this afternoon. .
1 By Fred S. Fefrgufion
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the American First Arnfy, Sept.
27. (11 a. m.) The number of prison
ers and captured guns is mounting as
the Americans sweep on in the Argonne
Captured German guns have been
turned on the enemy. Among the pris
oners are a number of dismounted Uhl
ans, rated as the flower of German
The retiring enemy is setting fire
to munitions dumps and already has
destroyed a great quantity of ammu
nition. All indications point to the fact that
the Germans intended to make a strong
effort to hold the Aire valley, between
the Aisuo and the Mouse, and tried
to establish a new line through Mont
iBlainville. Airplanes strafed the work
ing parties and the infantry swept in,
capturing the prisoners as the line was
Paris, Sept. 27. The Franco-American
offensive in the Champngne-Ar-jjonne
region w.ia resumed this morn
ing and is progressing satisfactorily,
despite bad weather, the French war of-
fContiuucd on page six)
At a dollar a clip it begins t' look
like we'd all have to wait till Bryan's
president before we get our hait cut.
H" 's only twenty-two and on his third
GERMANS WERE ROUTED
BY "AMATUER" YANKEE
ARMY IN CHAMPAGNE
Attack Was Expected East Of
Verdun And It Was Made
West of That Fortress '
HOW THE " AMATEUR
AMERICAN ARMY DID
American artillery violently
bombarded the whok front be
tween Verdun and the Metz re
gion Wednesday- night. A score,
of deep raids were made into
German Hue in this region. Tire
German command, to meet this .
'attack" concenteratcd great
masses of artillery and reser
ves betwevn Verdun and the
Then, when the enemy had
weakened his lines sufficiently
west of Verdun, the Americans
suddenly attacked on a twenty
mile front' in that region, en-
countering little opposition. '
The American, "amateurs''
had completely outguessed the
By Fred S. Ferguson.
(United Press-Staff Correspondent.)
With The American First Army,
Svpt. 27. The second. offensive of the!
American first under command of Gen-
eral Pershing which began yesterday
morning has swept the Germans seven
j miles behind the Hindenburg line on a
twenty mik? front from the Meuse west-!
ward to the Argonne forest. j
Mie Americans today continued to
On the American left, French troops
are attacking on an equal frontage.
Extending westward to the Suippe riv-
jw, they have advanced to an average
depth of ofur miles.
Villages already occupied by the Am
ericans include Varennes, Mont Blaln
ville, Vmiqoois, Melancourt, Bcthin
courr, Mont Faucon, Cuisy, Nantillois
More than seven thousand prisoners
haw- been captured. The French have
captured Servon, the Navarin farm,
Main De Massiges and Butte Dn Mos
nil. No report has been mado regarding
t!ie number of prisoners taken by them.
EXTENT OF SMASH
War Officials At Washington
Highly Gratified With Re-,
suits Obtained. -'
By OaxlD. Groat
(United Press staff correspondent)
Washington, Sept. 27. The extent
of America's glorious smash in the Ar
gonne surprised even those staff offi
cials in closest touch with general west
front plans. While General Pershing's
night communique noted "over 5000
prisoners," it is likely the final count
will run considerably beyond that fig
ure, and French reports have raised the
number to over 7000.
Pennsylvania. Missouri and Kai.sas
troops are mentioned as having had a
general share in this latest push. TheJ
iruuj'O-ui. iu llirce siKlt'S . luel Willi
stiff resistance, according to General
Pershing, but stormed Varennes, Mont
Blainville, Choppy and Vauquois.
Troops of other corps not specifical
ly designated, captured Bois De For
ges and the towns of Malancourt, Beth
incourt, Montfaucon, Cuisy, Nantillois,
Septsarges, Danneviix and Gercourt-ct-Drillaneonrt.
This composition of the first corns
'may have been altered as almost week
ly shifts are made in all the corps.
(Continued en page two)
SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER,
Hie infantry attack was preceded by
five nours artillery preparation which
exceeded tlio St. Mihiel bombardment in
violence. Three hours of this intense
fire was devoted to destroying the enc
ni' fi'st Hi defense.
Mont Falcon, 12 miles northwest of
Verdun was encircled and encircled and
captured at noon, just six hours and a
half after the attack began. Cuicy,!
Nautillois, Septsargos and other points
were similarly dunned up, or taken by
The operation reflects the attacking
power of the American better than did
the St. MihieL, assault, this being our
first frontal attack over an extended'
front. Ttv advance was far ahead ot
schedule all day. Several spots were
encountered where the artillery failed
to smash the enemy's wire entngri
iiients. The doughboys cut these obstructions
by hand and pushed on without any no1
Artillery and squadrons 6f airplanes
bombarded the German rear areas with
deadly effect, smashing new bridges
and- settig fire- to a number of ammuni
tion dumps, . :
Prisoners said an American attack
was expected but that it was looked for
east of Verdun. As a result the Ger
mans had great artillery concertralions
and reserves mussed between Vet dun
and tho Metz region
Bocho artillery along tl.u east bank .
of the Meuse was so completely gassed '
it scarcely fired a shot all day. The "The British have taken over thir
enemy resistance wa8 effected mainlylty 8un aM much ammunition."
tlirougu the generous use of machine
guns. These wer0 stormed.
A Btrong artillery fire was kept up
Wodnesdav nieht on the entir linn
from the Meuse to the Mobile, thus
adding to the bodies ' uncertainty ai to politically, .
just whero the attack was to be made.j ' 1 1
Fifteen or twenty raids were mado to' Amsterdam, Sept. 27. Germany in
the northwest, catching the Germans tends solemnly to protest against Pre
completely off their balance. mier Malinoff's armistice proposal, ac.
The Germans were unable to uso cording to a Berlin dispatch received
much artillery in the region undei at- today. .
tack on account of the fact most ofi erman newspapers demand lmmedi,
their guns were concentrated between at6 court-marsHal of Malinoff on the
Verduu and Metz or wcio on the roadiSrouna8 01 mgn treason... is beuover,
to that sector.
The number of prisoners is believed
to be far greater than the 7,000 alre-ady
announced, as they are being brought
to the rear in a constant stream.
The operations wero shrouded all
morning in a heavy mist, from which
peaks and hills stuck un baldlv. The
valteys weer invisible.
Airplanes circled low, keeping wit,
the infantry. Others waged unceasing 1 '
attacks on bochc fivers, thousands of
feet higher, maintaining complete mair
tery of the air.
More than a score of wiemy planes
and several balloons, wore shot down.
American and French airmen kjpt the
bocho back as far as ten kilometers
(more than six miles) behind their own
liiivs most of the day. On0 group of
planes, fighting a boche cavalry reserve
swooped down on them and drove those
who survived into a wood.
Allied aiatorH went aloft before day
light, some sleeping beside tlArir mach
ines elose behind the front lines for the
Kaiser In Cellar
When Bombs Drop
Geneva. Sept. 27. The German
kaiser hid in a cellar at Mann-.
heim during a recent raid by
the allied airmen over that city
dispatrhes received here state. -
The German rulor was mak-'
ing s visit to towns along the
Rhine to allay fears of the U-
habitants following raids of ai
sle " lied air eraft. .An attack was
made on Mannheim at the tii..
of the royal visit. Several bombs
landed near the cellar where
Wilhelm was hiding.
Inciting to patriotism concerning
things local, the Hillsboro Argus ad
mouish-es all: "Get ready to visit
and then visit that county fair. It
is your fair, whether you have any
thing there or not."
JUt the Liberty trail and at the end!:
of the trail buy Liberty bonds.
JL.' i;: ' U.mJL L
Germany Will Protest Strong
ly Action Taken By Weak
ARMIES ARE FLEEING
Austria Reported To Be Send
ing Heavy Forces To Pre
vent Disaster. f
London, Sept: '27.S Stromitzs. the
chief city of southwestern Bulgaria,
was captured by Uid troops yeste
day morning, it was officially announc
ed in the war office ffsort- from Salon
"Stromltza was entered - yesterday
morning,'' the communique said. c
London, Sept. 27. British and Greek
troops stormed the heights of , Bela
suitsa, north of Lake Dolran, the war
office report from Salonika reported to-
London, Sept. 27. British military
of f iclala consider an armistice with Bui,
garia to be disadvantageous in ft mil-
itajry way, though perhaps advantageous
his offer was due to Germany's refusa)1
to send reinforcements to Macedonia to1
meet the present allied offensive.
London, Sept. 27. (12:50 p. in.)
Allied cavalry is believed to have rea
ched the plain just south cf TJskub, ac-
cording to unofficial dispatches receiv-
'a hore today. Serbian infantry, the
J dispatch said, probably is from ten to 16
(Continued on page seven)
Great Draft Lottery
On Next Wednesday
Washington, Sept. 27. Pro-
vost Marshal General C'rowder
announced today that Americas
greatest draft lottery to de-
-termine the order of service li-
ability of the 13,000,000 men w
registered September 12, will
start next Monday, at noon.
TL-j- drawing will be in the
senate office building. Acting
Secretary of War Crowoll end
Chief of Staff March being the
celcbrilie, to participate.
Approximately 17,000 capsules
will have to be drawn from the
lottery bowl and it is cstimatvd
this will require at least 2d
hours of uninterrupted drawing
"Because of tho time and
mass of figures involved,"
C'rowder announced today, " the
press associations of the country
have united in informing inwtliat
it will tie impossible for them to
undertake the sending of the
wires, as ther did on the oc-
easion of the first and second
"They have agreed upon and
prouobed to me a plan whereby '
copies of the 'master list' as de-
tcrmined by the drawings will
be sent as promptly as possible
riirc-ct from this office to the 154
district boards, which will be in-
strutted to make them available
immediately upon receipt to the
newspapers within the area of
A GOVERNMENT ACTING
FOR ALL RUSSIA IN WAY
OF BEING ORGANIGED
ItsMain Object Will Be To
Unite Country And Again
By Joseph Shejplen.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, Sept. 27. A nw nil
Russian government with authority to
speak and act for the whole of Russia,
and whose chief aim is tho renewal of
war against Germaiiy, has bivn formed.
Official announcement of this was
mado by tho Russian embassy hero
through the publication of a cable re
ceived from the government whose tem
porary seat will be at Uffa.
The new government was formed fol
lowing a great conference held at Cffa
and attended by representatives of all
political parties, except tliw bolsheviki
and the left wing ot the social revolu
tionists. A directorate of five men, reprc
senipg all revolutionary and democratic
elements' from thvy social revolutionists
to the left wing of the cadets, has been
named as the new provisional all-Hus-sinn
government aad the ' constituent
assembly has been eallwd to feet Janu
ary If 1919. The directorate consists
of the following: "
M. Avskentieff, social revolutionists,
head of the new government.
M. Vologodsky populist socialist.
M. Tchaikovsky, social revolution
ist. M. Astroff, caoVt.
nimnrnl RnliUprnff. militnrv phlef.
Gerenal Doldircff represents no po
litical faction. He will be charged with
with simply tho work of re-organiza-
Hon of Russia's resources, preparatory
KAISER BILL BOOTED
FROM PORTLAND TODAY
Is Expected To Reach State
Fair Grounds Late This '
THIS EVENING'S PROGRAM
Concert by Campbell's Am
erican band, and vocal solo ty
Alice Judd Moore in grand
stand; if 'iikdenout weather,
in new auditorium.
Major Thornton A. Mills, U.
S. A., Will speak for the fourth
liberty loan during both the
day and evening-
Kaiser Bill is "getting his" today.
He is being booted all the way from
Portland to Salem. He will arrive at
the state fair grounds about 4:30 or
5 o'clock this afternoon, covered with
dust and flabby from "the blows im
planted bv husky Oregon lads.
Thi8 Kaiser Bill is a football, but it
represents what the people of Oregon
would like to do witih the real Kaiser
Bill who plunged the world into an or
gy of. bloodshed.
It represents what the people of
Oregon, with thoso in tho other states
in the union, are going to do to Kais
er ISill by going over the top with men
and money to put the German war lord
out of business.
This feature is one of the patriotic
stunts pulled off in connection with
the state fair today, as this is patriot-,
ic day. It is also designated as govern
ors, Willamette valley, fraternal soci
eties and naturapathic day.
But with all the attractions sched
uled for this afternoon and tonight, it
is doubtful if the monster crowd ol
yesterday Wan be ideuplicated. The
crowd Wednesday broke attendance
records up to that time, but the crowd
yesterday even surpassed that of the
Visitors poured into the city and
the fair grounds all day long by train
and automobile, until the congestion of
PRICE TWO CENTS
to activw operation against the central
In his hands will be the task of train
ing and organizing the new army of
250,000 men already formed in Siberia,
with 30,000 veterau Russian officers
The slogan of tho new government is:
"All power to the constituent asscm
The directorate will be representa
tive of the constituent assembly until
it meets on the date specified. An at
tendance of at K-ast 700, more than two
thirds, is expected. The place of meet
ing probably Moscow will depend up
on the general situation in Russia. All
regional and local governments formed
,in various regions of Russia during thv
past few mouths havo placed themselves
under theauthority of the directorate
and the constituent assembly.
Tho formation of th new all-Russian
governments is the ' result of a
remarkable process of reorganization
long under way In "Russia. --
M. Avskcntieff is one of the fore
most leaders of the Russian soeial-rev-
folutionary party4'N"ext-to Vlptor Teller-
notr, president or tnc constituent as
sembly and the great teacher of the
social-revolutionists lie is the leading
figure in the party.
I met M. Avskcntieff last January in
th Fortress of St. Peter and Paul,
whore he wa8 at that time a prisoner
of tho bolsheviki. M. Avekentieff evi
denced a romarkablo optimism, despite
tho fact that tho bolsheviki were at
that time in the zenith of their power.
He predicted the complete failure of the
bolsheviki and the inevitable misfor
tuuvs that would follow.
"But," he said, "Russia will with
stand the disease of bolshcvism."
machines on. the fair grounds became
so great that hundreds of machines had
to be parked outside.
And while the attendance records
were again being broken, more race
track records were smashed. In the
Elks' special race O. U. C, owned by
8. 8. Bailey, covered a half mile in
59'4 seconds, which race- horso men
declared was the fastest half mile ever
stepped by any horse in Oregon.
This afternoon, as part of tho patri
otic features, a military drill is being
held by several state guard companies.
lr. Carl Gregg Donoy, president of
Willamette university, and Rev. Thom
as 8. Anderson, of Halem, will deliver
patriotic addresses. Under command of
Captain O. .1, Hull, 50 members of tho
stnte military police are scheduled to
give a drill,
Saturday's Program .
This day will be especially in hon
or of the mothers of our enlisted boys,
with a parade by tho mothers between
11 and 12 o'clock a. m. The parade will
bo formed in front of tho educational
building (the old pavilion.) Mr. Camp
bell with his excellent American band
wil Ifurnish special music for tho oc
casion. . 12 Original poem for the liberty
loan by David Wright.
1:30 Speed program with music by
Campbell's American band, and yocal
solo by Monte 'Austin, CcTween events.
Ooncesioners night and high jinks.
Judge Geo. K. Btapleton', and District
Attorney Walter H. Evans will speak
during the day and evening for tho
fourth liberty loan. Campbell 's Ameri
can band will play popular, patriotic
and descriptive music. Among tho se
lections will be, the world famous vio
lin concerto "Scenes do Ballett," by
DeBuriot, arranged for wood-wind with
brass acompaniinent. There will be ex
cellent vocal music by Alice Judd
The harness events yesterdny fast.
The last half of the last heat of the
Elks ecial was featured by O. L. U
(Continued on page six)
fait and continu
ed warm; gentle
ON TRAINS AND NEWS
8TANDS FIVE CENTS
STRIKES HARD IN
British Dash Forward Three
Miles On Front Of TMr
GERMANS CAPTURED I
IN LARGE DROVES
Tanks Lead In Attack With In
fantry Following Close !
London, Sept. 27 Between five thou
sand and six thousand prisoners nave
been taken by the British in their at
tack today towards Oambrai, tt was
leearned authoritatively tonight. '
By Lowell Mellett v.
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the British Armies in France,
Sept. 27 The British, attacking at
dawn in the dirlection of Cambrat,
smashed forward on a thirteen mile
front, penetrating more than three
miles at some points.
A strip of the Hindenburg lino seven
miles wilde, including five miles of the
Canal Du Nord, was crossed.
Hundrlida of prisoners have been
General Byng's army and some of
General Horne's Including Canadians,
participated in the drive.
By nine o'clock remarkable progress
bad been made. They had crosettd the
enormously difficult canal between
Moeuvren and Havtincourt and 7000
yards of Hindenburg trenches and deep
wire barriers beyond.
At 7:55 thji British were advancing
on Bourlon spur (four miles directly
we t of Oambrai), the Germans sur
rendering in great droves. Tanks hd
reached Flesquieres (five mUra south
west of Oanibral) at 8:25, the infantry
pouring in behind them.
The first batch of prisoners brought
in numbored 200.
Tho haul was expected to be largo.
The primary objectives between
Moeuvres and" Havrincourt have been
attained, that east of Moeuvres boing
a distance of three miles whilo that
east of Havrincourt was scarcely a
mile, since the German position here is
Following the main attack botweon
tho Arras-Cambrai road near Marquion
(six and a half miles northwest of Cam
brai) to tho vicinity of Bnntouaollo
(seven miles south of Cambrai) ele
ments of General Hawlinson's army 'on
the right advanced slightly to protect
the flank, ...... :; -
Progress is Satisfactory
London, Sept. 27. The British fore
es attacked on a wide front south of
the Hen see river at 5:20 this mnrninc,
it Was announced by .Field Marshal
Haig. He reported -'satisfactory pro
gress." "At 5:20 this muning we attained
on a wide front' south of the enseo
river," the statement said. " First 're
ports indicate ".satisfactory progress.
"Last .night , successful local opera
tions were conducted by us in the neigh
borhood of Arleux (on the Hensee riv
er five mites south of Douni and eight
miles northwest of Cambrai) north
west of LaBassco Fleubaix. Our line
was advanced in the localities and pris
The Hensee river flows northeast
ward crossing the battle line three
miles south of tre Arras-Douai high
way, 12 miles northwest of Cambrai.
WILLARD WOULD FIGHT
T Anirnln. f'nl.. Sent. 27 JcSS WlL
Hard today wired Doug Fuirbanks that
! ho is willing to appear at the liberty
(bond benefit next week if a suitablo
(opponent can be found. Fairbanks now
, is on the trail of Jack Dempsey and
j Willio Median.
j The allies on the Balkan front refuse.
I to bo balked. '