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FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 223.
i.! n ;
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1918 ,
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS ITVE CENT3
J I'D LIKE TO
I BE A RED
FIFTY GUI.JTAIO YESTERDAY
Hermans Make Terrific Counter Attacks But Are Thrown
Back And Leave Battlefield Covered With Their Dead.
Australians Smash Ahead And Pass Beyond The Old Hin
denburg Line. Germans Send Six Divisions In Counter
Attack, But These Are Mercilessly Beaten.
By Lowell Mellett
' 1 (United Press Staff Correspondent)
" With The British Armies In France, Sept. 19.The
British and German armies swayed back and forth in a
titanic struggle today for possession of the Hindenburg
line between Cambrai and St. Quentin.
Reports of the fighting indicate the British are dog
gedly holding to their great gains, while the Germans'
desperate efforts to beat back the elements of General
Byng's army that are too near some are beyond the Hin
dnburg line---are entirely unsuccessful. . -
The enemy's counter efforts centered about Havrin
court. The fighting here has been the fiercest of the
The Germans launched six divisions at one point,
gaining a temporary success only to lose ground later.
With the British Armies in Prance,'
Hept. 19. (Noon) The British today
withstood another heavy counter at
tack, centering about Havrincourt
(three miles north of Goiizeaueourt
and the same distance west of Marco
ing.) Prisoners taken in yesterday's fight-
iuq totalled HUOO, while more than fif
' ty guns were captured.
Suddenly dropping the ''peaceful
penetration" methods by which they
had been edging gradually nearer the
Hindenburg line', the British, sweeping
aside German opposition, have moved
up-to the verge of the formidable
(The outposts of the Hindenburg
line have been occupied on a wide front
between the Cambrai and St. Quentin
regions while, in some places the main
diffuses of the system itself have been
Hinging its movement on the French,
forces at Savy wood, west of St. Quen
tin, the Britikh line swung forward ir
T'sistibly, keeping r, pace Sl by the.
Australians in the middle.
When I left thp Australians' head
quarters their riflemen and bombers al
ready were pouring into the Germans
famous trench system and 274(1 of the
defenders were in prison . cages, ' or
nijwehing toward the cages. The pris
oners include 114 officers, among them
being a regimental commander and
tnff and two oattalion eommandors
and their staffs. Twenty seven guns
were captured, together with their
crews and horses. This may be regard
ed as exceptional; most of. the guns
are behind the main defenses. .
The British aivance varied in depth
from two and a half to four miles. No
where did it fail to clean up the Hin
denburg outpos, line.
At some points the German fought
fiercely, such & at LeVerguier, Tcni
pleux and south of Fresno Le Petit,
where many prisoners were taken.
While the tanLs played an eminent
srt in tho fighting, long legged Eng
lish and Australian troops mostly over
came the wire entanglements and ma
chine gun s in their own individual man
iter. They carried the Germans off their
feet bv. the very dash of their attack.
The -exnlnit war remarknhlp hMnnAf!hiiit 11 mil;,, nf t. . I
among im aivisions, opposite tneir
lesser number was one entirely fresh
The iSath. Identified prisoners repre
sent at least 22 battalions. Those seen
in the cages are mud covered and weary
but cheerful All are husky and well
led. thirteen lieutenants in one group
wbn questioned were surprised at the
nsws of Austria a peace proposals
They unanimously declared it won "a
good idea" and gaid there surely should
b some way of getting together.
Eeminded of the Russian treaty, they
it - -
said that Russia is "different" and
really Germanic, and anyhow, Ger
many is acting in Russia's best inter
The lieutenants were the first pris
oners so far taken on this front who
had heard the result of the St. Mihiel
attack, though they know nothing of
the details. They admitted the Ger
mans underestimated the Americans,
holding the opinion that the 'Yanks'
are good patrol fighters, but had not
yet learned to handle a big attack.
The Germans threw in great masses
about Havrincourt and as far south as
iGaucho wood, southeast
court, in front of the Hindenburg line
As a result, General Byng gathered in
32 officers and 1438 men to add to Gen
eral Hawliuson's O50O prisoners.- He
also took a complete battery of eleven
German i7s, including crews
The first counter attack came at
Gauche wood. Grey masses came pour
ing out of Villers-Guislain after an ar
tillery tornado, gaining the wood and
holding it for a brief time before they
were driven back.
They again essayed to attack and
again were repulsed.
la the meantime, southeast of Hav
rincourt, six enemy divisions came from
behind the Hindenburg line and at
tempted to crush the British who had
advanced there earlier in the day. For
ty batteries participated in the ene
my's preliminary bombardment- The
attack was broken up with heavy loss
Northeast of Havrincourt, beyond
the canal and the main defenses 'where
the British had installed themselves a
few days as;o, the Germans also attaek
ed,gnining the well remembered sunk
en road and the long trench known as
"Clergy avenue," bit it was for only
a brief period, as the British soon oust
ed thtm and were holding safely at the
London, Sept 19. The British ad
vance between Cambrai and St. Quen-
onh Usmsr;Triese:rhneLy Ge8r
man counter attacks, then swept for-
ward again on a wide front, capturing
The German counter attacks began
about 5 p. m. on an eight mile front
between Gouzeaucourt and Trescault,
following a terrific bombardment. They
smothered by the British fire.
Field Marshal Haie reported todav. A
few, elements entered the British
trenches, but were annihilated by coun
The British drive was resumed short
ly before midnight. Australian troops
His report also shows a decrease in the
D BRITISH ADVANCE
Germacs In Switzerland
Have Stopped Boasting
Washington, Sept. 19. Germans ave
ceased their boasting of victory in
Switzerland, according to entente dip
lomatic cables here today.
At the opening of the Marcn of fen.
sive, the Germans posted bulletin8 an
nouncing their adavnees in Berne. Bu
suddenly on July 18 they stopped put
ting up nvws dispatches and since then
have maintained discreet silence about
affairs en the west front.
French officials recently in Switzer
land report that public opinion is be
coming more and more favorable to
ward the allies in even Gvrinan inhab
dashed forward afld occupied virtually
the whole of the outposts of the Hin
denburg line from Pontruet northward
German Attacks Repulsed.
London, Sept. 19.J AGorman attack
in great force on a front of more than
eight miles west and southwest of Cam
brai yesterday afternoon was complete
ly repulsed with hvavk .enemy losses,
Field Marshal Haig reported today.
. "Yesterday afternoon a violent bom
bardment, by a number of guns was
opened by the enemy o.n the , northern
portion of tho battk front between
Gouzeaucourt and the Arras-Cambrai
road (a front of about 11 miles,") the
statement said. , ,
"Tolcphone communication with our
division in the line was rapidly cut by
the intensity of the hostile line. -
j "At 5 p. in. Germany attacked in
strength on a wide front from Brvs
cault (threP ntilcg north of Gouzeau
court) northward." At all points they
wcro completely repulsed with great loss
by tho Guards and the Third and Thir-'
ty Seventh divisions.
"Another strong attack shortly after
wards north of Mocuvivs, was also driv
en off with heavy Gorman losses. In
certain localities bodies of theenemy
succeeded in reaching and rnipi.i.s our
trenches, whore th?y were overwhelmed
by counter attacks. In all such locali
ties our line was re-established intact.
Many prisoners jffeiy taken. Great num
bers of German dead are- lying before
our positions on th whole front of hot
"At Gauche wood repeated attacks
were made yesterday afternoon and ev
ening. In each case they were repulsed.
"A BUCPv-ssful local operation carried
out yesterday afternoon improved our
positions south and east of Ploeg
steert." "South of Gouzeaucourt the opera
tions of tho. fourth British army con
tinued successfully yesterday evening
and last night. English troops pro
gressed north of Pontruet (four miks
north and west of St. Quentin) reaching
tlm outposts of the Hindenburg line in
"To tho left of the Fourth army an
Australian division renewed Its it. ..no;
at 11 p. m. and carried the outpost po
sitions of the Hindenburg line after
heavy fighting. Many prisoners and a
number of inacliin0 guns were taken.
"In tho successful operation this di
vision and the First Australion division
now hold the outposts positions of the
Hindenburg line on the whole of their
"There was severe fighting en?, of
Ronssoy (three and a half miles west
of Le Catelet) and Epehy (two miles
northeast of Ronossy). We aredn pos
session of Penipii-. (adjoining Ronossoy
on the northeast.)
"We have beaten off determined
counter attacks in the Villers-Guislain
sector mile and a half southeast of
Gouzeaucourt.) The Seventeenth divi
sion, which in yesterday 's advance took
several, hundred prisoners, recaptured
Gauche, wood (just west of Villers
Guhlain) which tho enemy had re
gained by a eountr attack. Later in
the afternoon a strong counter attack
from Villers-Guislain was Hcpulsed with
Took 6,000 Prisoners.
London, Sept. 19. The Franco-Brit-,
ish attack between Gouzeaucourt and
Essigny-Le-Grand threatens to smother
the hole Hinde.burg line Jr0H1 the reg -
vl -""""" " f"'"- "c" sumn
mi i t it .
mo great uerman aerensive system
is alreadv in allied bauds from the vi-i . . . ,.
cii.ity of Lens to north of Havrincourt, er,can mam force are now Prallelln8
while yesterday's ntlack pierced it at, tho Hindenburg line on the whole Of
Villcivt and near Gouzeaucourt. Tho this front, while one patrol penetrated
British and French are now within less 1 300 yards beyond Pagny-Sur-Mosclle
thau ttv0 miles of the Hindenburg line'on the west bank of the Moselle, just
on .the whole front, from whcre the 'across the river from German tcrri-
ua-iai lu ISOTrt crosses it north of Hav-
ri.ieourtr to Lai ere, except on a small
sector west of Marcoing and another
v.vst of Moy, where two sharp salients
(Continued on page seven)
ANSWER TO AUSTRIA
: AROUSES MR OF
THE GERMAN PRESS
Say Austria's Offer Has
Moulded Germany's En
emies fcto Solid Block
Amsterdam, Sept. 19. The German
press is bitter in its denunciation of
the entente's reply to Austria's efforts
"Balfour settles the entente's posi
tion regarding Austria's proposal", de
clared the Cologrw Volks Zeitung. "He
alks as if . British troops were before
Berlin. Our troops will teach him that
he ha3 a lot to learn."
The Rheinische Westfalische Zeitung
official organ of Kruppg says:
"The entente answer is eatrastropal.
Wherever we turn we find the same
reply. 'Force, force to the last. No peace
before Germany is tvaten. ' The Aus
trian offer killed all possible differ
ences between our enemies and moulded
them -again into one solid block."
The Vorwaerts says: "Continuance
of the Finnish venturo is a serious hin
drance to Austria's peace efforts."
The Tageblatt, commenting on the of
fer of peaee to Belgium states: "If the
offer was made, it must have been made
by some uninfluential person."
The Deutsch Zoitung declares: ' Bal
four's peace would make Germany a
third rate power. Therefore, we are
ready to slod our last drop of blood
.to, avert this catastrophe."
It Is "Annihilating."
The Hague, Sept. 19. "This eold and
cutting scorn, this cool rejection has a
more overwhelming and annihilating ef-
feet than all the official phrases which
th III an in tho Wll t Hnin m,l am. ,
ploy," the Rh-oinische Westfalische Zoi
tung declares, in commenting on Pres
ident Wilson's reply to Austria.
"The eontentfl of Wilson's reply eon
firm the views we have already express
ed, that Wilson will not depart from the
conditions of war alims hitherto pro-
I claimed, and the policy of annihilation
can nd absolutetSpros8ion in him.
Moreover, he does not give the Austrian
proposal any positive expectation and
,f.. ,,, ij.i.
gestions of peaco, especially the ifca
of a conference "
f Waiting For Replies
Amsterdam. Sent. 19. The Gnrmnn
government will take no further poli-
11.(11 ii-in icgdiuifig lav Jfcui.inuu "eucu
note until the allied replies are official
ly received, a semi-official dispatch
from Berlin stated today.
Cut Woman's Throat
. As She Knelt In Prayer
Witn the Americans On Tho
Mctz Front, Sept. 19, While a
French mother in Hattonvihv (a
mile north of Vignculles) knelt if
by tho bed of her sick child
praying for an allied victory,
while tho Americans were ap-
proaching, a Hun slasher her $
throat, according to stories told
by th0 villagers to American of-
Lieutenant Raymond Ponnoyer 4c
entered Hattonville with a tank
and found the woman's body in sk
a pool of blood beside the bed.
Her throat was cut. Villagers
told how she was killed.
Gorman officers lived in the
woman's housw during their oc-
cupation of the village, forcing
her to cook for them. When tho
bombardment started tho bodies
begun preparing to leave. Tho-
woman dropped to her knees,
praying aloud for victory. Her
life was tlm forfeit for her pat- V
OTJB BOYS HEALTH GOOD
Washington, Sept. 19. "American
troops, both here and overseas, con
tinue to establish good health records"
according to Surgeon General Gorgas.
i War Summary of United Press
I iiimiiimiuiiiiiiMitiiiiiiiiiiii.iiHiiimiiiiiuniiiiiiiiiiiiuiimiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiii I
1508th Day of the War; 64th Day of Counter Offensive
Metz front Shells from American
1 long -I- are now dropping in
i,iue center ui mc., ur mimvn
'port. Hits have been scorca on tne lor-
.,.. , K; -,.. n. Am.
Picardy front A scries of heavy
German attacks on a front of about
cijjht miles west end southwest of Cam
brai were repulsed by the British with
BE LIMIT OF TAX
LEVIED IIS YEAR
Secretary McAdoo Tells Con
gress This Will Do For
FOURTH LIBERTY LOAN
MAY BE $7,000,000,000
Four Loans May Be Needed
Next Year Unless Ger
many Is Crushed.
Washington, Sept. 19. A saving of
approximately $36,000,000 in operation!
of ilroads in the vastern region forj
lUC UTS Vtol OX uyciuiucui cvimui a
ostimated' in a report to the director
Tn -rpsiinia nt conditions of eastern
roads. A. H. Smith, regional director,
shows a saving of $8,500,000 in the op
eration of passengvr service.
...His report also shows a decrease In the
cost of handling freight of $3,400,000.
The principal saving has soon brought
about by the movement of heavy traf
fic of several kinds in solid trains. They
have been w.ut across the country en
express thain schedule, thus releasing
lmotivo Powc.r ,nd rolliP stoc!t forother
aemCe 10 a 8horter tlme' tho ' rcPort
'Zoning of traffic from west to east'
and designating direct mutes for niy
meuts has eliminated congestion about
60 per cent, Smith said.
Tho report explains also that this plan
reduces the amount of traffic handled
through busy gateways and allows for
a hastened movement of freight from
north to south.
By co-ordinating all Hues, a givat
saving has been had in the transporta-
tion or ranway materials, aimin assorts.
In tl,U' tho rc!P01'1 shows V
) nect'ln8 which have boon established at
various points have played an important
part. ,. . .
The last phase of government opera-
tion touched on by the report" and yby
(Continued on page three)
T'euiin' Purvis, fc; nwny yours tl. '
cashier o' th' People's Baik. linn re
signed t' become 4 carpenter's helper
wiicro ue ,l have a clur.ci to handle
iiioi-j money. Wc ' bei'C t' lets of
state fairs but we'w never seen any
ln.i y as ugly a mry J'oots.
terrific enemy losses yesterday after
noon and evening.
Flanders front British troops inv
proved their positions yesterday af
ternoon south and southeast of i'loeg
streert. Balkan front Tho Bulgarians are
completely defeated and are being
pursued night and day by French,
Grcekl and Serbian forces, the Serbian
war office reports. The allied advance
has now reached a depth of more than
twelve miles. The Bulgarians arc burn
ins villages and supplies, but their re
treat is so precipitate that great quan
tities of materials and large numbers
of prisoners are continually falling in
to the hands of their pursuers.
It , m
GERMANS HAY HAVE
SCATTERED GERNS OF
Officials Say Prisoners From
Torpedoed Ships May Have
Washington, Svpt. 19, Widespread
appearance of Spanish influenza along'
the Atlantic coast recalls warning of I
naval officers some weeks ago that Ger
man fitmf. mnv Via rpannnaihlA
Lieutenant Colonel P. S. Doane, head
of the health section of the shipping
board today reiterated the warning. He
declared: " ' "
"It is quite possible the'epidemic
was Btartcd by . Huns sent ashore by
boche submarine commanders. We know
that m have been sent ashore from
German submarines and it woultd be
unite easy for these agents to turn loose by. day and night, by the victorious al
the gorm, in theatres and other places lied troop9, the Serbian war office de
wheie large numbors of people are as- clared in a statement received here to
sombled." j day.
When the original warning went out,i tcven additional towns have been
it followed the capture and retention by captured and the allied advance ha
U-boat commandors of crews and pas- reached a total depth of 124'
sengors from torpedoed ships and their uiiles. Bulgarian reinforcements brought
ultimate release. It wa s feared that llP f"m neighboring sectors to stem
these prisoner, might have bevn inoc- the Frauco-Serbian dvancc, have ak
ulated with the germs and then releas- bcP" b(,aten 81,(1 re tiring,
ed to sproad them. - Th enemy is burning villages and
The fact that the disease has appeared SUPP'": t the allied advance is so
in cities where them are army or navy ""P'd that uncountable quantities of
training eamp, adds strength to the 01 1 1Z? haVe tf. .
n - . u . n ? i- "We have captured KouteJikovamen,
heory that German, may have dJin-!poUchleftei Bec'hichto. Melenitza, Vol
inated the germs It has been pointed toUdlt Bainb M'd Toppoteta,-"
out that tho malady made its appear-the 8ta'tement ,aid. "Overcoming the
ancc in Spam after the appearance In diHicutiM afforded by the high monn
ports of that country of Gvrman XT-. tains, we are pursuing the enemy day
.J r, ' . .land night. . '
"The Germans have started ppidoi-.i-j The enemy, completely beaten, i
ivb m Europe aua mere is no reason
woy mey snoum rje particularly gontie
t() America," said Colonel Doane,
ru. :.,, iq tj. k
of mild easos has prevented a spread "bf
Spanish irfluenza at the Great Lakes
naval training station, -officers said to.
day. About' 1,000 sailors, , are isolated.
Chicago health officors showed little
fear that the Siberian malady would at
i n.iM ..... h.. . o.i v
tack the city.
Strike Situation Is Now
Clearing Very Rapidly
Bridgeport, Conn., Sept. 18, Return-
:. i i 'i '' i . .'
. wT t u..cuuy
today in roinstatements at but one
plant, the Liberty Ordnance company,
union officials reported. Company offi.
cials explained -this by the announce-
mvnt that a number of returning tool -
makers and machinists wr0 to be used
on the night shift instead of days.
This action, they said, is necessitated
by withdrawal of contracts because of
the strike. Forerunner to the End
The situation, which assumed a Chicago, Sept. 19. A successful
threatening turn yesterday, has 1een thrust along the Balkan line will be a
greatly cleared following the receipt of forerunner of the war's end, according
I'residont Wilson's letter to the maim- to Archbishop Meletois Metnxakis of
facturers ordering them to re-employ the church of Greece, here on a patri
all the formvr strikers without discrim otic, mission.
ination. "Victory along that line would ba
' ' disastrous to the Turks and Bulgars-'
Homo men would dic young if they he said, "but would have a profound
were compelled to mnk a living. effect on tho Russian p-ople."
AMERICAN SOLDIERS OF
GERMAN ANCESTR Y ARE
ASKED TO ASSIST KAISER
Are Told They Will Find Great
er Opportunities In the
By Fred S. Ferguson
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With Th-a Americans on the Motz
Front. Sept. 19. American aviators to
day reported shells from our heavy ar
tillery dropping in tno center oi metz.
A big factory liu, been struck and di
rect lilts have been scored on tho for
tifications. The Americans aiw steadily pushing
their line forward following up the put
rols and Hieir advanced positions are
nnw Jirnetlv in front of the new Hin-
denbutg line which the Germans estab
lished in this region last rebruary.
flu. tiutrnU Imvn rcennnniforerl this
section of the Hindenburg line several
times ana returned wnn reports con
cerning conditions. The American main
line now runs through Konvaux Man
hucles, Pintheyillc, Ht. Hilaire, Doncourt
Wca:1, Haumont. between Jaulny and
Rembercourt, north of Vadieres and
south of Chanipey to the old line.
Patrol encounters are frequent and
bombardment of the front linvs and rear
area8 is heavy. The enemy is reported
to be mining Haumont, apparently pre
paring to evacuate the terrain in that
vicinity iu a great retrograde move
1BULGARS BEATEN i
ARE REIEA1G :
Serbians And French Drive 12
Miles Through Their
MINFORCEMOTS ARE ' '
QUICKLY PUT TO RIGHT
BuHimg VOIagCS And fellCS
- f . . rr
Mark line Of Bulgar
London, Sept. 19. The Bulgarian,
completely beaten in the new Franco
Serbian offensive, are bcinjr pursued
retiring and burning stores, depots ana
New prisoners and booty cannot
be counted, owing to the rapidity of
our advance, which is now twenty kilo-
"evr Bulgarian regiments, brought
up from neighboring sectors, have also
been beacn and are retiring."
. . .Cannot Aid Bulgaria
. "Amsterdam, Sept. 19.-Bulgaria ask
ed Germany and Austria to send roiui
forccments into Macedonia to aid ia
repulsing the present allied offensive
a dispatch from Cologne stated today.
Tho central powers replied they
would consider the matter but feared
they would be unable to comply at pres
ent. They informed Bulgaria, however,
that negotiations are going on for the
dUl,atch of .everal Turkish army corpa
The prop0ritz, semi-official organ of
tle Bu,arian government, according
. ,i:tf, ,., uuUv va:
1 , iiTk nrrt move lin with the en-
tonte. Bulgaria ardently desires peace,
I based on terms which will render wars
impossible in the f utur. ' '
ment to Mars La-Tour, and Chambtey.
American Gunners' oGod Work.
(Chambley is three and a half mile
north of Rembrecourt. Mars La-Tour U
the same distnnco north of t'hanibley, on
the. railway running southward from
Conflans and is one of the chief pil
lars of tho Hindenburg line).
American artillvry blew up a great
ammunition dump behind the German
lines, mudo a direct hit on a big gun at
La Ctiansso (two mil,,s """"th o( IIn
mont) and inflicted other damage.
The advance of tho American line i
resulting in straightening out several
crooks which wvre formed in tho past
Villnecs. woods, quarries
and dugouts, which were passed over by
the patrols, are oeing moppeu up uX
the slower moving main body.
Constant contact is maintained with
the boche rear guards which have now
been cK-arcd from the territory oeiow
the Hindenburg line. The enemy has
now taken np his main positions along
the liiin on the whole front between th
Mouse and Moselle.
Division Took 90 Guns
On American patrol was reported to
dav to have penetrated 300 yuds be
vo'nd Pngny-Sur-Moselle (two miles
"north of Vandieres and just across tlia
river from th0 German' frontier).
A (crtain American division has novr
established a record of capturing 89
(Continued on page thits