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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 4, 1918)
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FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 210.
SALEM, ORE., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
OX TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FIVE CENTS
0 K 1 rtirtr km
ViViV .Olt X W J V, VI V I t . Vjm
ecreauns Germans icross
Canal To Northeast ofNoy on
GeneraPMangin's Army Now
Advancing North of Soissons
Germans Seem To Be Retiring From Famous Wytschaete
. And Messines Ridges In Flanders, Despite Yast Sacrifices
Made. Last Spring To Gain These Positions.-Everywhere
Along Front Allied Forces Are Pressing Enemy Lines And
Driving Rear Guards Before Them. Lens Not Captured
As Reported Yesterday.
By John De Gandt
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Paris, Sept. 4. Toward Guiscard, (five miles north
by east of Noyon) French cavalry today is forcing the
Germans back, according to reports received here this
afternoon. The enemy is withdrawing from the right
bank of the North Canal. .
In the-region of Jumecourt (north "of Soissons) the
Chauny-Laon railway has been passed. The French are
making progress toward Ainsey-Le-Chateau, along the
Ailette. ' ' .
General Mangin is reported advancing along the
Paris-Hirzcn and Soissons-Guignicourt railways. ... '
(Operations in the Jumecourt region and along the
two railways named, which follow the general lines of the
Vesle and the Aisne rivers are evidently part of the big
flanking maneuver against the Germans holding the Vesle
line and against the Chemin-Des-Dames positions).
GERMANS RETIRE IN FLANDERS.
By Lowell Melktt ,
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With The British Armies In France, Sept. 4. Evi
dences are piling up that the Germans are retiring from
Wytschaete and Messines ridges.
(These ridges, in Flanders, between Ypres and Ar
mentieres, were the scenes of most of the desperate fight
ing in the German drive of last April).
German machine guns are industriously indicating
intention of the enemy to hold the canal line, temporarily
at least, staving off the threat against Cambrai.
In the meantime the British have taken in another
'5,000 prisoners from several points.,
General Byng's patrol in Manancourt (southwest of
Cambrai) encountered heavy shell fire.
There ia a striking difference be- Enrlv todav 720 prisoners had been
tween the present Herman retirement mltod. further advance southward
and the enemy s retreat last year. Then 0f the Lvs, in Flanders, netted 160
thre was almost continuous contact prism.vrs,' six gun's and two howitzers,
and today some of 1ho fast moving, ,
xrmii pursurers complained inar mey
couldn't fight the enemy because the
enemy wouldn't wait for them.
Airmen who have rad a bird's eye
view of the long battle front, reported
tnat tnere are no Germans at any
joints this side, of the Pnmil I)n Vnrd. i
One air squadron flew at a height of
200 feet clear to the eanal before it
was fired upon. Other airmen located T
enemy tro.ops massing at Obigny-au-
Bois and bombed them.
Leichelle is held by the British.
Ytrce .is reported to be likewise held,
although the German machine gun line
is just beyond, that town
Tadpole copse, scene of most des-
luroU f.nhi;,, I., fl, ! .!. ,i
. "" '"- '""
battle is in British hands.
Airplanes report two canal crossings I
destroyed in the neighborhood of ln-1
V-hy-en-Artois (seven miles west of
vaiumai.) rwur .rrumiiigs are sun in -
Byng s army took 1940 prisoners and
2 fiebl guns m the 24 hours ending
last night. When thc British occupied
Rumaucourt they released forty civil-
ians who hail been there all during the
tire the German held the place.
(Rumaucinirt is less than nine miles
northeast of Cambrai.)
North of Lens, the enemy attacked
yesterday driving back the British.
The British came right ahead with an
other assault and soon re established
-Many uertnan were Kinej norm otiof the scene of this latest victory,
Etiancourt (between Peronne and Cam General Byng last fall sent an army of
brai) when honles were seen retiring! tanks crashing their way through a
from a ridg British batteries firvd ia '
tj ilea-. v.itU open sights. ) - (Continued on page three)
STRONG- POSITIONS MENACED
By William Philip Slmmg
(United Press staff correspondent )
Paris, Sept. 4. Cambrai. Douni and
r'9 are today directly menaced bv the
0lvancing British. Ag this" is cabled,
rh.e Canadians, English snd Scotch are
witnirt nine miles of tambrai, and
Doiiai. while the Drocourt-Oueant
switch line and Himlenburg's line have
been smashed and left far behind.
Between Haig's advance guard and
the .important cities of Cambrai and
Duuai, little in the way of fortifica
tions remain and if Von Below checks
thA nlllPA hflnr.t that- rnnnli 1... nfn
... . . . K""--
or tne itwo towns, he must sacrifice a
considerable number of his fast dwind-
Lens is being more and more pinched
by General Home's British fifth army
and mav o ve wav at nnv ti.,,o
fcvery yard that the British advance
agtr;dp tne s,.arpe river now (M3 H
to this bastion of German resistance,
(Unofficial dispatches yesterdav re-
nnTtPA LPn. pantnrert h rraiu'.'nffi.
ported Lens captured, but Haia's offi
cial only mentioned slight advance of
P.ritish outposts in the city's western
Apparently, Hihdenburg and Luden
dorff have been caught napping again
They little dreamed that the allies
would tackle the strongest defenses on
the western front without lontr and
Ilia.) lirar.Q.a(iiia Ancrt anullivBwl
BY GERMANS BUI
FULL OF POISON GAS
British Have So Far Penetrat
ed Only Outskirts, Am
ericans Cross Yesle
London, Opt. 4. Lens is so
full of gas that the British have
as yet only penetrated its out
skirts. The Germans have wholly
evacuated the city, it was learn
ed here this afternoon.
Americans Cress River .
London. Sept. 4. Americans
and , French in strong forces,
comprising both artillery and
infantry, have crossed the Vesle
river at Fismes, it was learned
today. Indications are that the
Germans must retire very soon,
if they are not already retir
ing. London, Sept. 4- British troops
have crossed the Canal Du Nord on a
front of three miles, it was reported
here from the battle front late today.
They occupied Mouvres at noon, the
advices said. ' .
(Mouvres is just south of Inchy-En-Artois.
already taken by the British,
and is a little over seven mile direct
ly west of Cambrai. It is along the
line from Hermies to Keourt-St. Qucn
tin that the Germons were reported to
be making a strong stand. Hermies and
Ecourt St. Qiientin are both in the
bands of the British, and the fall of
i Mouvres shows the beginning of a
j bulge in the middlt of thc defense
The Berlin Version.
Berlin, Via London, Kept. 4. German
! withdrawal in Flanders and I'icardy
was announced by the Berlin war of
"Astride the Lys, " the statement
said, ''in a continuous battle, the en
emy worked forward as far as thc line
of Wulverghem. Nieppe, Bac St. Mar.
Richebourg and Lavcutie.
"Between the Scarpe and the Somme
the day was quiet. Monday night we
Cqjitinued on page three)
ABE MARTIN J
A knocker alius starts in by sayin'
"Oh course, I don't want t' knock"
What's become o th' promoter that
used t git up camp meetin's just t'
sell pop corn balls
M LAKE BARKAL
Nicholas Lenine, Leader Of
PrtnGrman Faction Still
In Critical Condition
Harbin, Manchuria, Sept. 4. The
vansuard of the Czecho slovak column,
which captured Verksnudinsk has effect
ed a junction with General Semenoff
forces on the Onon river.
, Vladivostok, Sept. 4. The - western
body of the Czecho-SIjovaks marching
east from Lake Baikal, has captuivd
erKlieuiliusK, rormeriy me iivkuiiuui
Ities of the Bed Guards.' The Czechs
are S3 miles oast nf Petrovskv and theiv
is an unconfirmed report that they have
occupied Chita. They are moving in
three columns. The main column is fol
lowing the trans-Siberian railway, tlru
second has ciossed the mountains and
occupied Solniugsk, and the third occu
The message bringing these advises
was sent by a Chinees wire from a
point near Kiahkta, presaging the im
mediate re-establishment of communica
tion between all eastern Siberia and tie
Cweh front along the Volga.
Lenine Still in Danger.
Amsterdam, Sept. 4 The condition of
Nikolai Leuine, president of tho soviet
of people's commissaries, who was shot
by a g'rl several days ago, was again
ivported critical in dispatches from Mos-.
cow today. The bullet, which penetrat
ed the upi-cr part of Lenine 's lung has
been removed; The crisis is expected in
All persons not bom in Petrograd or
Moscow, have been ordered to leave the
cities. More than iiOO persons weve ar
rested in V'. trograd on the night of the
assassination 'of Vritsky, bolsheviki
minister of the interior of the Petro
grad community. Among the prisoners i
Bishop Makataiiu. Many women are ul
(Continued on page two
Iondon, Sept. 4. A British armored
car is reported to have entered Marciu
oin according to a dispatch from the
British front today.
Marqnoin Is on the main highway
running from Arras to Cambrai, slightly
more than half way between those two
London, Sept. 4. The British hold
Romancourt (just south of Ecourt-St.
Quentin, eight and a half miles east by
north of Cambrai) it wag learned to
day. Inchy-En-Artois has been captuteu
and the British also hold Berincourt and
London, Sept. 4. The British hav
crossed the Canal Du Nord at Haut-AV
laines, more than two miles north of
Peronne, it was learned authoriatlvoly
The British have captured Oroix-Du
It was also learned that the German
have used 97 divisions since August.
Iondon, Sept. 4. In an effort to cot
er their retreat before the British the
Germans have dammed the Scarpe river
aiiri flooded the country over ft consul
erable area, according to a dispatch from
the British front to the Daily Malt
....Amsterdam. Sept. 4. General Von
Hutier is preparing to make stand on
the Olso river according to reports here
today, crediting this statement to Ger
man Chancellor Hertling.
The Oise runs east and west, crorsintf
the Hlndenburg line at LeFere, and be
hind that line It turns at right anlS
and runs north.
Th Haeue. Serrt. 4. -The German
from The Spa, Belgium, to Veriers, in
Liege province, Belgium, acording to the
Inew8paper Leg Nouvelles
Washington, Sept 4. "Aside from
successful patrol encounters along the
Vesle and a hostile raid In Lorraine,
which was repulsed, there is nothing to
report," General Pershing's communi
que of September 3, declared.
Only Patrol Activities Are Re
ported From American
Sector In Yosges.
By Fred S. Ferguson.
(I'nited Press Staff Correspondent.)
With The American Armivs In France
Sept. 4. American artillery continues
to aid the French in pounding away to
ward the Chemin-des-Dames. Guns have
b.'en moved beyond Juvigny and are
shelling vneniy positions in the Xcu
ville region, with light pieces joining
in the barrage fire.
During the attacks of the past 24
hours, American guns have been laying
jdowu smoke screens to cover tho move
ments of .the French and American in
fantry. Thc artillery work today we
ived the highest commendation from the
The enemy continues to show increased
.signs of nervousness along the Vvsle
;as the French Tenth army continues to
'push on. His observation balloons have
been pulled back and many other signs
indicate preparations to withdraw rap
idly when necessary.
Quantities of bocho gas wero thrown
into Fismes Monday night without ef
fect. During the same night an Am
erican patrol entered Bazoehes and had
a shary encounter With the enemy. Oth
erwise the Vesle front was quiet.
By Frank J. Taylor.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With Th0 American Armies In France
Sept. 4. An American patrol in the Vos
ges, after cutting through svven bauds
of German wire, penetrated enemy
trenches for a considerable distance
during the night without vneounterinjr
Shortly before this entorpriso a Gor
man patrol nuuiberjng fifty attempted
to penetrate the American wires in the
san. vicinity, but was driven off with
automatic rifles and grenades.
About thirty Germans bombers at
tacked another American position in the
Vosges Monday night. A party o Am
erican airmen after arriving off several
German, patrols dropped bombs on Long"
yon tlw same night.
Iu both tho Vosges and Wocvre re
gions artillerying by .both sides is in
creasing. The Germans arc using quau
titles of tear and sneeze gas.
BY DRIZZLING RAIN
IN CHICAGO TODAY
First Clash Of Series Will Be
Played Tomorrow If
' Chicago, Sept. 4. A persistent driz
zle that showed no signs of abating,
cauvd the postponement today of the
first world's series .garno between the
Cubs and the Hod Sox. The schedulo
was automatically shifted back a day,
and the big seriv9 will opon here tumor
i row. Other games will be played here
I I'Videy and Saturday befor0 tho clubs
move to Boston.
Players of first division National
league clubs have agrcvd to the recom
mendation of the National commission
that they donate 10 per cent of their
sliarc of the world's scries money to
war activities. It was predicted that the
American league players will follow
There seemed hardly a chance that at
tendance figures for tho world's svries
scheduled to open today would reach
the immense proportions of former
years. It was certain the figures for the
lvceipts would not be so greut.
The high mark for attendance at a
single game was set in 1910, when mote
than 42,000 persons crowded into Brave,,
field, Boston, to see th0 Kcd Sox and
the Dodgvrs. Series attendance high fig
uie was established in 1912, when the
Giants and Kcd Sox played their memor
able eight game scries. This scries also
.ads in amount of receipts. It realiz
Labor Congress Now
Makes Peace Demands
. Derby, England, Sept, 4.
Resolutions urging the British
government to immediately es-
tablish peace negotiations, pro-
viding the Germans evacuate
France and Belgium were adopt
id by the labor congress in ses-
sion here today. The congress
demanded that labor have rep-
lva.'Jitation in the peace confer-
FOUR THOUSAND MEN
UNDER GEN. GRAVES
OPERATING IN SIBERIA
Chief of Staff March Identifies American Troops Fighting
In Different Parts of War Zone In France-Tells Of
Progress Made By Allied Offensive During Past Week.
Canadians Near CamhraL-Flanders Salient Flattened
Out By British Advance Of Fourteen Miles.
By Carl D. Groat.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, Sept. 4. Arrival of Ma
jor General William Graves, American
inmmandi-r of our troops in Siberia
with officers and 1,088 men, Septem
ber was announced todav by Chief of
At the sani, t.mc he identified ho
Thirti-. th divi.si: :hc Americans vac
distinguished themselves . in tlw "lan
ders fighting du'n g the past week ai d
as tho :i-iul d:v jion, the Americans w!.-j
valiantly battled north of Soissons with
Troop embarkation for all fronts pass
ed 1.600,0oi August 31, hv said.
General Graves will at once assume
charge of the American units now to
talling close to 4.000 in Siberia.
The 30th division which assisted in
the Mont Kemmel fighting, consists of
Tennessee, North Carolina and South
Carolina troops and was taken across
under command of General Reed.
The S2ud ' divisions consisting of
Michigan and Wisconsin forces is com
manded by Genual Ilaau. Combined
with the French they progressed stoad
ily north of Soissons, against tome of
the best of the German divisions.
General Mi' eh stated that the Cana
dian troops, who pushed straight, for
ward across the Drocourt-Queant switch
lino, and niv now seven and a half miles
from Cambrni, which is their objective.
(Cabled press reports show these
troops a now only five miles from
The British push, he pointed out, has
rather well flattvned out the Flanders
salient and the inaximiun prograss has
been 14V& miles.
- A week ago the battle was carried on
by the French and British over a 60
mile front from tlw Scarpe to the Oise.
Tlii, Britislf bore the brunt of the resis
tance, March said, while before the
Frenc(, the Germans mudp a forced re
tirement due to British pressure to the
north. This German retirement covered
a five mile space on a twenty-five mile
front in one day.
The general pointed out that the Ca
nal Du Novd has bivn crossed at several
places end the line of the Somme cross
ed on both sides of Peronne with the
resultant fall of Peronne and other con
Thv nearest point to tho Hiiidenburg
lino attained by the French is only now
three miies distant.
In answer to specific questions, Gen
eral March located the following:
The 108th Infantry; lOdtli field ar
tillery; 102nd tivnch. mortar liatfery
and ,102nd engineers of tile ZVifi envis
ion are still in Flanders with the Brit
ish, but apparently not yet in action;
the 3!)th division is in the process of
landing; the '"'Mi landed; Missouri ua
H......1 ...... ..f T.. 'i-.n. .i:. :u : .
j iiwiiui h.ii in ,ii nil Minn ui imuii in in
I Onlv 74 sick or wounded men of the
OLD HINDENBURG LINE
TO COVER HUN RETREAT
Battered And Broken It May
Still Afford Armies Tem
By Lowell Mellett
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With the British Armies in Franc,
Sept. 4. Everywhere on the front now
being battered by tlw British, the Ger
mltns ure seeking covvr behind the i i in
deiiburg line. Notwithstanding the fact
that tho line itself is seriously broken,
the enemy high command is sacrificing
thousands of its precious manpower
unit in an effort to reach it.
This bids fair to be a greater week
than last, which has bven described as
thc greatest of the war.
Prisonors of Monday and Tuvsday
bring the estimated total since July
18, when the counter offensive started,
close to 123,000. Only the Germans' own
figures on thvir dead and wouiuiect wul
be able to tell the real story of their
losses. The number of Germans killed is
What breaking through tho line
means is shown by the fact that at noon
Tuesday the British were only six
miles from Cambrai, having advanced
nearly five miles from the opening,
which was blasted in tliv German de
fenses. Into cages already containing foui
102nd (Cunnectciit) infantry have been
returned to this country.
The largest estimated total of troops
landed in any single month in France
j is 2S:j,000. Moiu than 2u0,000 is the es
jtimated August total.
I Brigadier General Estes, has been
given temporary command of tho 18th
I division, Olio of the new organizations
! formed in this country with a neucles of
Complete unity of tho allied' forces
and Germany's shortage of seasoned re
serves are held by entente military
I experts here as the leading factor in
the Hrrtish Irnd t rench and American
victories in Franco.
Ludemlorff, they assert, is being
beaten by sheer allied strongth and
superior battle strategv. They attach
i the greatest' significance to the latest
British victory that was reported on
the forty-sixth day of .the allied of-:
tensive. Tho experts point out that
this demonstrate that even when a
ware of itheir danger, the Germans
cannot avert it, and that forty six
days were not sufficient for the Gorman
staff to wholly restore the line.
Tho entente military men deelaru
that the present victory cannot be
credited, to any particular army or
style of fighting so much as to the
intimate cooperation of the entire en
tente force under Foch- They predict
that the continued pressure of this
powerful machine will make possible
the attainment of great military goals.
OF REVENUE BILL
Political Fortunes Of Mem
bers Are Chief Factor
Working For Delay
Washington, Sept. 4. Political for
tunes of congressmen today threatened
to delay final enactment of tho new
$8,000,000,000 revenue bill until just
before or immediately after fall elec
tions. Hoiiw Majority Leader Kitehin and
his nicies plan to bring tho bill into the
lower body Friday and push jt through
bv September 14.
While the house is debating tho bill,
the senate finamv eonijnitre will con
But meanwhile house leaders ar
planning a vacutioii after the lower
bt.ily pasted the mvasure on Tues
day. The plan is to have the senate
(Continued on page two)
thousand German prisoners, 2200 mora
were dumped Tuesday. This was only
part of the previous night's gleanings,
Thvy made a muddy and ragged collec,.
thin, in very damp spirits.
The bite arrivals did not welcome tho
kidding they received from some whu
had been captured carliv-r mid who had
already spent considerable time in tha
Standing outside the wire ctj. it
r'renclunan gawd contemptuously at th
huddled prisoners, then shrugged and
exclaimed: "Supermen, bah"
Certainly all the Germans' super- as-
surance of the old days was gonv from
one group of 02 officers whoso worried
expressions betrayed that they realis- '
ed this is not onp of the constantly
shifting tblvs of war, but something
Among tho incidents reported fol
lowing the Canadian attack on Dro-
court Queant line was the capture of
4.1 men and one officer by a Canadian
I chaplain. The chaplain was poking a-
bout in captured positions with hi
walking stick as his only weapon. Ho
1 poked it into a dugout, and was sur
! prised to seo a German crawl out, :
j surrendering. The chaplain called
some soldiers, and by tho time they
arrived on the scene the dugout hail
j yielded up 47 more boches.
' 1 talked with Americans who had
.participated in the almost fightless ad
Ivsnce in the region of Ypres. They
'did not like it.