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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 29, 1918)
4 CAA CIHWDTDCDq
(23,0X1 EZABERS) PAILT
Or.ly C.reslatioa in Salem Gtiir
ante by the. Audit Bureau of
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEWS SERVICE
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO.
ill AND tWMIT TAKEN
PI ENCIRCLED B? BRITISH
AND JUVEGNY REPORTED
AUSTRALIANS TAilE FOUR TOWNS
BYNG'S TROOPS CAPTURE GINCHY
BAPAUME MID GlIILLEIW FALL
Allies Sweep Ahead Capturing Many Strong Positions And
Others Are Doomed. Hhdenhurg Unable To Check The
Tremendous Force Of Drive-French And Americans
Strike Eastward From The Ailette And Approach The
Chemia Des Dames. Dead Outnumber Prisoners.
By Lowell Mellelt
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With The British Armies In France, Aug. 29. Aus
tralian troops have captured Fueillers, Herbecourt, Asse
villers and Belloy, and are now within three miles of the
important Somme Bridge south of Peronne.
Byng's troops this morning took Ginchy, an import
ant high point south of Bapaume.
(Feuillers is on the south bank of the Somme, four
miles west of Peronne, Herbecourt is a mile and a half
south of Merbecourt. Belloy is a mile and a half south
west of Assevillers).
At noon the Australians wercabout three miles from
the Brie bridge, south of Peronne.
The German dead west of BulJecourt probably out
number the numerous prisoners taken in that vicinity.
The British adbance has been so rapid that mopping
up parties are kept busy cleaning out enemy nests with
grenades and bombs.
The Canadians are within about a mile of Bullecourt
(a mile and a half southeast of Croiselles) and Hende
court (two miles east of Croiselles).
The spent the night cleaning out a mess of dugouts
"and pockets filled in by the Germans, even including the
famous 2.000 yard concrete tunnel running from Bulle
i!,urt to the Sensee riber.
Koyon fs Tken
London. Ang. 29. The French have
captured Koyon and Marlincourt. it
was arced tonight.
Strong Points Tall
London, Aug. 29 Bapaume, Ginchy
"iid Guillemont have been captured, it
was leaned bere this evening .
Ginchy ond OnUlemont are west of
TVae Important Points
London, Aug. t3. (6.54 p. m.) Com
blss, the important railway town north
west of Peronne. hat been outflanked
by the B.-it'sn. according to reports re
ceived here this evening.
The town i practically enrirclrd.
British troops are on the western out
aklna of Maprpaa (a mile and a half
aonth of Cosnblea while patrols have
entered Lea Bouefs, (two mi In north
of CossWes) and Mffrval (a nrU j and a
half northeast of Com hies )
The French are reported to have can
tered JuvUrcv (where Americans are
Many Prisoners and Cans
London. An- 29 The British since
August 9 bar) taken more than 47.000
prisoners and have captured between
500 and 600 cannon, it was learned to
day. The total captures by the silica since
Jury IS, is oondersbly more than 100.
0O0 men and cot ranch sa than 2000
The number of Germans killed since
the bcglnnjaa- of the war is said to be
at leas, i.000.000. probably consider
DOWN 28 PLA!TS
By Frank jr. Taylor
Wnk thf A-aeriean Armies ia Fran e.?
'k-Cti4 M ft l
Miss Rankin Defeated In Mon-
' tana-Stephens Beats
lJu'.ic, Mont., Aug. 29. Although Miss
Jeannette Rankin refused early today
to cim-ede hef defeat by Dr. C XL. Jji an
trum in the race for the republican
nomination for Paired Mates senator,
others predicted Lanstrnm would win by
i M)W) votes.
Ji!s ivsnsm i-arneu Dung anil outci
j liow county by 512.
Laristruin will oppose Senator Walsh
in the final flection. With Miss Kankiu
eliminated, it is predicted the o called
progres-ivc element will suiort Walsh,
. I... -;ii . I ... i. . . . La. r t,.., . .
deut Wilson. Wahb also is counting ou
1 the labor vote.
i Stephens Is Winner.
j f-aa Francisco, Aug. 29. Returns
i from more than 1,000 precincts at :30
'clock this morning gave Hicjikens llil,-
4I.; 8olpU UI,W9 votes in the race fur
; the republican nomination for guvcrsor.
Governor fetcphem' lead was growing
-as farther returas from southern Cah
forma wcrj received.
Nj Cfcaage tn Kidsigan.
Ivtcit, Mich., Aug . Figure, to-
day shewed no re'ative change in the
(Coatinucl ea page two)
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, AUGUST
SINCE JULY 1 PLACED
Of The 112,000 Prisoners
Taken Americans Captur
ed 20,000 to 25,000.
By Cart J. Groat,
(l'nitel Pres staff correspondent)
Washington, Aug, 29. Twenty thous
atitl to twenty five thousand German
orisoncrs constitute America's Dortiuu
of the great allied haul of 112,000 since
These figures are based on careful
cstiuiatea of important war department
official today. The last official fig
ures on American totals were 17,000
towar.ss the end of the JSoissous-Eheiina
struggle. After that time several size
atile bags were made. And. the Amer
icans have continued to take prisoners
ever since the main fighting died down.
What . ratio the prisoners bear to
the dead and wounded is somewhat
doubtful- One high official estimated
to the United Press that the Teuton
dead and wounded certainly run more
than three times the captures.
On the whole there is an inclination to
believe that the Herman casualties, in
cluding prisoners, run half million
or more since July 1.
Germany was reported in March
ready to sacrifice a million or more
men to accomplish her aims. The Ger
man morale now is at a lower ebb than
ever. Officers Ray this in proved by the
increasingly large number of prisoners
the British have taken.
Many o these have shown a re
markable willingness to be taken.
Whether some plan will be made fur
bringing German prisoners to America
is a subject war aepanmeni nuicigis
decline to disciifs. It is known, how
ever, that the matter has been und
WILL WELD TOGETHER
AND EXPEDITE WORK
Uprising Against Germans Inj
Ukraine Is Held Highly
Washington. Aug. SK. Allied diplo-i
linatic presMire at Vladivostok will be
'exerted to weld together the conflict-
ing factions ia Hiberia and cxpediate
the entente penetration from the cast,
iiidomats here declared today.
r stabltshment of a central govern-
pnenffor Hiberia by tre Oecbo Slovaks
w-itn neaonnariers ar irKOTs, was re
ported in semi-official cables
it is held that the possible incor
poration of General Horvath's forces
into the allied movement will give toe
marooned Czechoslovaks in the west
alinont immediate aid from Manchuria.
When the tines of communication from
Vladivostok have been firmly military
experts declare, the penetration will
not be difficult.
The action of the Czecbo Slovaks in
setting up tae government at Irkutsk
k,.!,l l.r ,l.,.1.,aru In ;r,,littsi thbt i
the seehoWo.sk, sre orgsni.inir fonr'"'l catrcocled (hems
. s..,,u,i i th .Ids. icrrl- !'"e Hills soMlk of N'.gsle, and
itorv thev occunv. The ret,ort naine.J
fs,rm War Minuter Goulrhkoff of the
Siberian government a the prospective , ,
' president of the government- AMitiaal Mexican troop have srriv -
) ;nro!jragen:ciit for the entente's -ed from the interior of Mexico, appar-
plans in En'ia aad filieria also is 'entry nader Carraess's orders to pre -
'k-cb in th? nprtsing against the Ger- os-rve p ac e. There is otieaincM, how-
,niau ar.d the boUhrviki in I'kraine cvrr, in Nognles.
;ad the refusal of rx-aants in the Pet-; This uneasiness ss further aggra
irogra! and the fiiga district, to join'
e;ie te fight the Cwrho Hlovass.
s v n
Htm TEOD&LE IS
Still The Mexican Troops En
trenching Is PiizzEng The
TROUBLE 13 ADJUSTED
Washington, Aug. 29. The
war department today said it
regarded the Xogales situation
stabilised and anticipated no
further complications on the
Mexican border there.
The military investigation is
still on, but the United States
and Mexican commanders have
evidently reached a thorough
understanding regarding eon
trot of future outbreaks. The
matter may pass into the realm
of the diplomatic.
" Entirety satisfactory ad
justments'' have been worked
out between the American and
Mexican commanders as a re
sult of which the situation is
quiet and the border has been
reopened. General Holbrook
telegraphed this afternoon.
Nognles, Aris., Aug. General
Calles, Carrauwt's' representative, snt
to restore quiet at Nogales, honora, to
day threatened to declare martial law
in the Mexican town if there arc fur
ther outbreaks or threti. eainst the
'To to 11 o'clock this morning, ev
erything remained q'et but the o
diers were at high tension.
Gaston Kcddock. immigration inspec
tor died Inst night from the wounds
i .....A : ,!.,
UC irifivvu in .uv.-m..,' - -,'-1.'
ing the American killed three soldiers
and one civilian.
All the fighting around Regales Bore
tofare has been child s play compared
to the outbreaks of the last two days.
Only uoor marksmanship of the Mcx
b ans prevented more casualties.
Nognles, AriK., Aug. 2!.-One ronnd
nf lit shots from an American machine
gun wns fired across the bonier about
lit fiVlock Inst niL'ht as the American
answer to Mexican bIioIs, it was announ
ced her,i today.
During tho night a total of about 100
shots were fired. The Americans did not
reply until about iO shots had come
across 1 1st line.
This morning, entire quiet prevailed
miiig the li'iurs Immediately following,
avhrcak, due to General Cabell's ultl -
i teanwsataatsaW mmaimmm Iwl (Mas iwi
imituni I hut if the Mexicans did not I compelling the allies to pay fr tlijs op
cease their "foolisln ess" he would jeratinn by a large casualty list
"take everything I have" across tne
line" and "take everything you have
over there." That ultimatum was de-
', livcre.l last night to the Mexican coiiSiiF
from Nognles, SSonoia.
Tlie Mexicans claimed negro I roups'
had started the firing but General l a
I. ,11 vln.wi.,1 tin-in mi in i; or were on ihe
Additional American reinforcement.'
ha arrived. There are nuint-cis i
soldier- heie iiatrollinif tlie streets, but
Nogulr. people were ' doing business as,
The belief was expressed ny
here today that last night 'a oiithn aU
did not have the sanctum of the lead
ers, but was the independent activity
of drunken outlaws.
Civilians are Blamed.
W ashu-.gton, Aug. 21. linliration to
! bv were t'lat Mexican civilian, will be
niaialv blamed for the N'ogales skirmish,
While representations may be mride to
President Carranza, it now np-ari un-
likely that the incidi i,t will leeome a
grave one. Tlie s'afe department pro
; )K)., t: withhold any possible diplomut
!ic action ssistil the military authorities!
.... ,.C tl,. Hi,. I,.v ha4 .n
opportunity to investigate fully. j
With the border patrol strengthened
at Nogale then is " dmibl whatever
of the Aiscrnaii ability to cop with
whatever contingencies might aiite
Contiuuatina of the firing last night
appeared to be of an unorganised na-
N'igalcs, Aril. Aug. ZK, 'Mexican
; "caa mi, morning inc mairauons w.,r
' a considerable force was acciinmiat
(Coatiaucd on Jge six)
r sis I 6
LIKE STRAIGHT FROM
WHERE IT MAKES TURN
Foch Will Not Sacrifice Men
By Attacking Noyon.--He
By 3. W. I. Mason.
(Vnited Press Ptaff Correspondent.)
New York, Aug. 29. Following yVa
tet Jay's extensive retirement by the
Germans toward the flomme, there was
natural pause for the time being nloY
the west front, while conditions readjust
themselves to the new alignment.
Mui'.-diul IVi'i, will Hot l,ll'ss f oi wa ill
recklessly but will resume his local
drive, fter a careful seleefinn of the
v-eakit.t spots in the new line Von Iliu
deoburji is iu.w eMuolishing.
The front Yon fliiidcuburg has cur
ed bv hi hep backward toward the
Somii'O i almost geometrically sirai't
from its nearest t lint to the bumai
southward for 2 miles to Noyon.
I lie lino is, then . capr tic .:f he
I i:t anfo-i i intily fer i a iiindei.i n
ing held by a minimum number of men
it turns at right angles to the eastward
at Noyon. l'hc wedge thus created is
by fur the sharpest pocket intU"which
Von Hjndcuburg has uut his troops since
nit, west front retirement began. If
Marahul r'och were to succeed in cutting
through the Germaii angle at Nuyou, he
would definitely sever Von Hiiideii
burg's flank from his western front,
ft was for such a result as this tluit
Vun lllndvuhuru played and lost when
at Mt.Queutin last spring, he tried to
i piiiute the Iirttish and French at mica
The intensity of th German resistance
at Noyon is Mounted for by tho fact
that inn Hiinlcniurir Is compelled to
aanifire his luoif without regard to
numn. r. in onu r to iTuvont jdoyuu ri .u,
becoming for the Germans more fatal
Marshnl Kwh for his part. Is main
taining; strict accord with his basic
strategy in declining to use his men for
- reckless gamble st Noyon. The chiin
ces in the present war hsve consistent
ly shown great odds aguinst a break
through. If Marchal Koch were to make
a major attempt at Noyon and fail.after
having paid a price of a luiudred thous-(
and casualties, the lunrels won would be
Von lliudeiiburg's. lly confining tho
Noyon operations to a local scale, but
remaining on the alert for any sudden
weakness, Maiihul i'nch is adopting the
wiser course, N'ovon must b$ evacuated
eventually by Von lliiidenhurg, and the
hole German line moved back lint von
lliiidenhurg should be prevented from
Twelve Miners Killed
In Coal Mine Explosion
At Burnett Washington
Taeoma. Wash., Aug. "H An impiest
ill be held this afternoon over the
bodies of the 1'.' miners killed at llur
nett. .10 miles ieii!thet of here yes
lar.tat' wlii.ii in ecrilrinidn ni-ciirrcil
(, .., ,,.. ... Pacific Coast
i.. .., .. . . . ,,
l oaj companv, r.ieven men were mil
companv, r.ieven men
outright and one of the four serious-
jlv -njilrp 0l,.,i j Taeoma hospital
jafU,r having been brought here on a
j ,iprjt t ibim. Utile hope is held for
jtiie recovery of tho three remaining in
The explosion occurred .'100 feet be
low the surface and its cause is un
known. The shock was of terrific force
and shook the town
of llurnett su
snrrounding villax''- ' alls for hep
were sent to ncarbv mining towns and
several physicians hurried to the scene
jof the accident.
j ne oeaii are:
v'Umiu . Juhkwu, lira
"IsVSge, Irlis rieisi'lier.
H'harles Makala, Otto Mukala, Hcesc
Jenkins. Tom Fleming, lan Reese, ,1a
leob Kipjiula, ('. Tomacxah, George Ma
rich. Purchasing Power Of
Dollar Much Less
Washington, Aog. 2. A table com
piled by the bureao of labor, shows
that the purchasing power of one dol
lar in July, litis, as compared with
ltv Its! II fit- years orcvious. had
.(.rorik ! .1 cents in Vi ssUitigton arm
Jltaltimote. 57 cents in Iliilsdi lphia, 5
,rr.,t ; Vork aud Chicago, aud W
Icents in Han Francio. Itirig the five
ntctvciiinjr yesrs Ihe cost of f'tod in
creased tO per cent in Washington, M
'per cent in Hattimore, 7T per cent in
i'hila b-lpkia. a per rest in New Vork,
60 per rnt in lliicago, and 51 per
'cnl in Han Francisco.
1 Pfl lf
PRICE TWO CENTS
FIVE MILLION CANS FRUIT
WILL BE CONTRIBUTION
OF SALEM'S CANNERIES
More Than $1,000,000 Paid
Out For Product And
Labor This Year.
Five million cans of fruit will be the
output of the two big canneries in 8a
lent this season. No city in the north
west can compare with tiulcm as a can'
nin center. If is not only becoming,
but is already the fruit canning center
of the great northwest fruit section of
the United States. There will be paid
out in labor anj for fruits and berries
in the city iiior,, than one million dol
lars during this season. These figures
ar,. not guess work. They am from
tho retards of the Oregon Canning com
pany and the Hunt Urothers Cannerv.
For the cherry crop alonp ,it Is esti
mated that at least 4150,000 was paid
out by th,i two big cauneries. It is
also estimated that the evergreen Hack
berry crop will bring lnlo the pockets
ot tlie people In his section of tho coun
try fully il.iO,0OO. While there are half
a dosen plautg Imping evergreens, yet
fully throe-fourths of this amnuiil will
bn paid oiit by tho several Hulem plants
And all this evergreen blackberry
money goes into the pockets of the peo
ple within n radius of 40 miles of Batein
without a dollar of expense of planting
or cultivation. Growing wild, tlii, am
ount of money wns practically s gift to
those fortunate enough to b living in
this pnvt of Hi,. Willamette vnllev.
The Oregon Packing company, one of
the big pin king houses in Kiilcin. will
ij)ii this sensou more than SilD.UUO lbs.
of riartlelt pears, making a season rec
nrd for the company.. The price for the
Soldier Runs Amuck;
Three Deaths Result
Camp Fremont, 4'al., Aug. 20. The
third victim of the (tomp Fremont
trng'edy for which Hergeant Marvin
Williamson is held responsible, was
dead here todav.
Private Clarence F.sseK,hom William
son attacked with an ax, died yestor
iiav, minimis, m will lie turned over
to civil authorities for trial on a charge
of murder, officers believe- Major
.losiah Kemp is conducting a military
investigation to determine what wiil
bo doue, ,
Williamson, under arrest, was chop
ping wood lute Tuesday when he sud
denly struck dawn l.ssex, his guard,
with an ax, seized the guard's pistol
and shot Miss Lucille Warren, of Purt
land, Ore., killed Privnte Moyd Jewel,
another prisoner, who tried to slop him
And then shot himself, Williumson ts
not seriously hurt.
RUSSIANS, BUT BTAYER8.
An Atlantic Port Aug. 2i. Twelve
officers of the former Kussinn army
who have not seen iheir families and
homes fur four years, reached here to
day from Miigliind. They will leave at
once for the Pacific coast and from
there will sail for "Vladivostok to give
Iheir serviies to the allied forces which
is operating in Hiberia.
Tlieie men declare til bolshevlki are
tn list uiipupulnr in all sections of Rus
ABE MARTIN I
Latin' a Northern Hpy apple 'It np
seas th cravin ftr strong driua. Mr
l.i uuoie Peters is In Woshington seckia
a suitable place in ' army.
and Fridav fair;
OX TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FIVE CENTS
.' ions win average to s a
according to quality.
The evergreen blackberry pack of the
Oregon Tacking company alone will run
more than half a million pounds this sea
son. In a radius of 40 miles from Sa
lem, truck routes have beeu established
ond this half a million pounds were a
giro of nature to he people war Bulem,
t the arte of about six cents a pound.
And this is but tho output of ou can
nery alone. The Hunt Urothers canneiy
is a heavy buyer of evergreens besides
half a dosen other plants.
Just at present the Oreguu Canning
company is up against tho usual propo
sition this year that of being unable, to
secure the necessary help. With from
150 to 173 ou ths daily working force
the cannery could easily use oO more
woimn fur the peeling of pears. With
the hot weather coming on, pears nro
ripening; rapidly, -
The receipts of tho Oregon Packing
company this week has averaged (!0,ti0U
pounds of pears a day, anil tho pay roll
for the past ten days has aveiagcd
ii2.1.H0 a day. And 73 per cent of this
money goes to women.
Hut nil these pears are tint for the
Americans. The English and French
have for several years been heavy buy
ers of the Oregon canned pear and this
year It is 1'nclc Bam who will say just
whu shall purchu and who shall not,
for the American soldier boy across the
water must bo cored for first and after
the government has notifiud the canner
ies what its requirement, will be, then,
other nations and the Americans at
home will be given an opportunity to
buy the finest fanned pear on earth
Ihe Huh in produrt, .. . . ,
IN THE DAYS OF OLD
In Late Sixties Was Manufac
turing Center of The
While Balem Is not much of a manu
facturing center today, the time waa
when it waa the manufacturing center
of the northwest. This was the tuno
when Suleiu and Million county had a
larger representation in the Oregon
House of Hepresentetives than Pofl
luud. It was in the late '00 'a that Nalem
had the pruspicta of being a inaitii
I'netiiritig center. There was the wuter
from the mill race running north a
bout the sa ne ns gt present. And from
Nor' mill creek water power was tak
en for several flourishing factories.
Fioin a 'manufacturing!') n with nine
flourishing factories in the lata 'liO's.
i-Milcni can now liua-t of but one, the
Kay Woolen mills.
On the north wulcr power, there was
the Wa-I sash and door factory, located
U little south of where Outer street
crostu-s Mill creek. Tlie next down tan
creek, was a chair fuctory at the pres
ent Ken Taylor home. Facing on High
sired and on .Mill creek there wns a
tannery owned bv A. Htrong The aasb
and door factory of Fergimon and Heed
i was just north of the bridge that cross-
North Liberty street and Broadway.
The Willamette Woolen Manufacturing
'Co. 's mill stood just west of the obi
luick store room on llroadway ami
From the power on the south Mill
creek there was the Pioneer Unseed
nil factory, owncsj by llolman and Hon
Their location then i, the prrsint silo
of the Kay Woolen Mills. Just west of
Cottage street as it crosses the mill
rae sat ihe Kant Adolph brewery
which took its imwer from a big wheel
in tho mill race. The next factory ou
the way down the mill race was the o! I
agricultural work, owned by A. Meyer
at the corner of High and Trade streets,
Mr. Meyer waa the sun in low of la
fellc who invented the turbine wheel,
according to u local authority, and it
was the intention to manufacture the
wheel here. Just before the mill race
rim into the river was the old Kinney
flouring mill on Traisu street, part of
allien was burned a few years ago.
Tho decline ia the manufacturing in
terests bf Halern, (he local authority
claims, wa due to the advent of th
railroad an, I also the establishing of
several woolen mills ia the valley. Hut
il was Ihe railroad that killed the man-
. . m ... ;.. ,,l I i in fttsMiicii (a.
iiiacioro ui ,n,Mu,i,c.i
jbtiggies and wagons. The business in
Ubis line was most flourishing, but the
i eastern factories shipped in large
' amount and with tlin reduced price,
this special line of manufacture in the
valley oon went to the wall.