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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 24, 1918)
Editorial Page of The Capital Journa
CHABLE8 H. ITSHES
Editor a4 PsblUkw
SATUBDAY EYEXIXG J
August 24, 1913
PUBLISHED EVEBY EVENING EXCEPT MWDAY, SALEM, OREGON, BT
Capital Journal Ptg. Co., Inc.
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THE UAIl.t CAI'ITAL JOURNAL
la the oat newspaper In Kitlera bne rlreuletlaa U guaranteed by tb
Audit Bureau vf C'lrculatloaa
ONE DOLLAR AN HOUR.
KEEPS HINDENBURG BUSY.
FACTS FR01M SOME
County Tells Story Of
' The dispatches yesteday announced that the ship
yard workers had made a "friendly demand" on the Unit
ed States" Shipping Board for a flat wage of a dollar an
hour for their services. High wages would not be a burden
some thing, in fact would make little difference to either
employer or worker, so long as the products of their labor
were sold in the United States, provided the high wages
were equitably divided. As it is, one branch of labor can
not receive extra high wages without placing a burden
on all othor labor. If shipyard workers are given a dol
lar an hour, naturally every laborer will flock to the
yards, unless the labor they are employed at also increases
its wage scale. This takes labor from the farms, or com
pels the farmer to pay a price that is ruinous to him. At
the same time the farmer, to protect himself against the
increased wage scale, must put up the price of his pro
ducts and this makes the burden on those who cannot
draw these higher wages a heavy one. In other words
increased pay to the shipyard workers who are now draw
ing the highest wages such labor was ever paid, means
that some other branch of labor must suffer ana pernaps
po without sufficient food for themselves and their fam
ilies. There is another feature about it conceding that
shipbuilders should be paid liberally and that is where
and when will the demand stop? If they are granted this
increased wace what assurance is there that within a
short time two dollars an hour will not be demanded?
It looks very much as though the shipyard workers were
trying to take advantage of the country 8 necessities to
force it to pay whatever is demanded. Light dollars a
day is out of all proportion to wages in other occupations,
Imt if this is granted those other occupations will have
to at least partially meet the raise, and this means still
Itigher cost of living. In justice to dl there should be a
relation between wages paid in all industries, and under
which one class of labor would not be benefitted at the ex
Iense of another.
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CONCERNING PEACE DRIVES.
The military expert, Mason,, points out that Foch's
tactics are forcing Hindenburg to retire much more
slowly than he would if not attacked at all He is forced
to put up 3 heavy rearguard action and to retreat with
his back to the wall, so to speak, and fighting every inch
of the way. This is done to cause a steady decrease in
r i t a
uerman man-power, ana n is accompnsmng us purpose. jf. n J f n.
Prisoners alone in the last four days will number around I1! KecqTOS 01 tnampqeg
fifteen thousand and these with the killed and wounded
make up an aggregate loss that Hindenburg can ill af
ford to bear. Besides this it is hindering the final set
tling on the old Hindenburg line, which apparently is now
the German intention, and so giving less time for or
ganizing for another offensive, which it is claimed is the
German leader's plan. The attack first at one point and
then another and finally all at once is keeping Hinden
burg guessing, and at the same time preventing him
gathering an extra force at any one point. He needs all
his men, and he needs them at all points along the line at
once, under Foch's plan of attack. It is estimated that the
German army when it gets back to the line from which
it started last March will have lost around 400,000 men,
besides much of its morale. So far as results are concern
ed, this is all it has accomplished. It is not an extra fine
showing for the summer's work.
It is predicted now that a new peace drive will be
made-by the Central Powers, it coming this time through
Hungarian and Bulgarian sources. It will be made by
those who are ostensibly opposed to those governments
at home, but it will be fuu ml that their efforts are paid
for and that they have consented to be the camouflage
for a financial consideration. Senator Lodge struck the
keynote when he declared we could make no separate
'.ponce with Turkey or Bulgaria. They, he said, cast their
lots with their masters, and they must stand or fall with
them. Turkey must be expelled from Europe and her
hands tied in Asia so ulie can no longer murder the Ar
menians and others who are, or who may hereafter he
under her. rule. Bulgaria sees the handwriting on the
wall and could easily be persuaded to make a separate
peace, but no terms will be given her save such as are
laid down for the militarists of Prussia. Rumania must
he rewarded and Serbia must be recompensed for her sac
rifices. The eternal fitness of things suggests that Bul
garian territory, be made to pay part of ' these bills.
Neither Bulgaria nor lurkey cut i r.y figure in the war
now, save that Turkey controls the entrance to the Black
sea. and has Russia shut off from ; id by the allies. In
the final settlement she must be math to pay for this with
her European territories, and she must bo removed from
control of those world highways the Dardanelles and the
llosporus. Any peace terms offered now from any source
hack of which are the Central Powirs should be treated
as Germany used the treaty guaranteeing the neutrality
of Belgium. It should be considered simply a scrap of
paper, and rather dirty paper at that, which it sureh
will be if it passes through Hungarian or Bulgarian
The Commercial Club should be made bigger and
stronger than ever before. It has done good work dur
ing the past three years and most of the criticism direct
ed against it is based on trivial matters or the prejudice
of those who know nothing about the work of the club
and have m no way aided it, either with their monev or
their personal efforts. While there is little in the way of
community-building that can be done now. with all ef
forts centered on the war, the commercial club is the
central organization in all this work and without the fa
cilities it provides the Liberty loans, Y. M. C. A. and Red
Cross drives would prove dismal failures in Salem. The
club rooms, too, is the meeting place of committees and
conventions representing all public movements in the citv
and many of state-wide importance. The capital city of
Oregon without the Commercial Club rooms during the
coming session of the legislature, for the accommodation
of visitors and state civic organizations would be very
roundly criticized for its lack of public spirit and civic
enterprise. There should be no slackers among the busi
nessmen and substantial interests of Salem when it
comes to support of the Commercial Club.
Recently Spain sent word to Germany that if any
more of her ships were sunk by German submarines, she
would substitute an equal tonnage of German ships now
interned in Spanish waters. To this Germany replies
that should Spain do this it might cause "a break in the
present friendly relations between the two countries."
She says she cannot give up her submarines which are her
itrongest weapons, and that she will therefore continue
to sink Spanish ships, but hopes Spain will see her way
clear to remain neutral and in time to really like the
treatment Germany is giving her. This incident shows
the devious ways in which the Prussian mind reaches its
conclusions, and also its absolute lack of all sense of fair
ness. Germany says the taking of one of her ships now
being protected for her by Spain will cause a break be
tween the countries, but cannot see why Spain should take
offense at her sinking Spanish ships wherever found.
Anyone with anything to think with would hesitate long
before deliberately taking such a position before the
Good-bye to you boys of 'Cl-ftl Hone vou mav come
again, though we hardly expect it. At the same time if
you do you will find a welcome still more hearty, if that
is possible, than that you have just leceived. It has been
an honor to the state to have you visit us. and we are sure
glad you came.
In the early day what ii now Ma
rion county was known as Champoeg
t-ounty and according to the record of
mfcrriage in those early dayj, (the
Kev. William Simpson did most of the
The first marriage of which there is
a record in Champoeg county was per
formed by the Rev. Wni. Simpson on
i'eb. 1H, the contracting partiei
being Sidney Smith and Barbara Pres
ley. The ecoiid marriage was between
John Downing and Temperance Hunt,
Apirl 12, Is-W. both residents of Cham
poeg county. The next marriage was be
tween Archibald Kadcr and Drucilla
Simons, both of t'haiupoeg comity. On
Sept. 27, 1S49, the record show the
marriage of William Allphan of Linn
county, and Fcbe Parier of C'hampocg
county. Tho next marriage was Carsena
A. Huntley to Mary 1'riacella Avery,
October 1), 1S49. John Crank of Liiin
county ami .Minerva 1'rewett were mar
ried on .Nov. 1, 1X41I.
The first will filed and now on rec
ord in the couutv recorder' office is
dated April 2o. 18.1:1. It is the will of
Mary Roy bequeathing to Jean l'ara
!i the laud given him by her husband,
Thos. Hoy, before he died. In the will
she npK'ints -Musi's Lois and Louis Aus
ant as executor and instructs them
not to fail to give the land in question
to Taradis and to cultivate her own
farm for the use of her children. She
also instructs the executors to keep all
the rattle ou the farm unsold for the
benefit of her children.
The second will on record in Marion
comity is that of 1'lavius Laiguon. He
first states that he makes his will as
"an incurable malady i about to ap
pear." The will reads in part as fol
low: "I give power to Alexis Labcach
on, my friend and neighbor, to collect
after my death all the effects of my
estate in order to keep together said
effects for the benefit of my relatives
if they Bhould ever come to declare
themselves." Herbert l'ettt of French
I'rairie he tates in hio will, owe him
tiO. The will closes with the follow
ing: "1 declare these to be my ameers
wishes, being too feeble to sign, Mr
Mathieu will support mv hand and may
Ood rereive me into his arms.''
The first record of a district court
wa when it met at Salem in Cham-
poeg county, August 13. IMS), present,
the Hon. VVm. P. Bryant, chief justice
of the supreme rotirt and judge of the
first judicial distract of Oregon, lsnae
X. Gilbert wa appointed by the court
The first grand jurv wa called Au
gust 11, 1X49, and included tho follow
ing "good nd lawful 17 men" of tho
n.oiii.w nF I ri.miiiiitiT tnpfitnri' nr I
!:: THE WIFE ::
By JANE PHELPS
RUTH IS VERT HAPPY TO BE BACK
IK HEB SOUTHERN HOME.
was none too pleased to share her
witn tne others, ""jesi common
gers as she tailed them.
"Oh, isn't thia lovely!" Buth ex
claimed 4 she lay in the tub of warm
water, made fragrant -with her favor-
CH AFTER XIV.
Ruth sang all the time she was pick-
in. .A trn k a KUn .nnl.U't V
sl!i r;.nn..i i, i.nt'i ,ioliCTi,t ,(,. ' ite bath salts.
beaming face of mammr Rachel; the' . Wk ,tle?dsI ? bath to kom.
greeting, of htr friends and the house- mi.skKu'htv ho 2'd lak t0"
servant (each one had been there I. ..h- K,chf1. dearj 1 f,x "J ow
when she came, a little girl of ten).;bs,h' th?n 8? in ad t ain 9""
Oh, it would be glorious to be with!1' ,thlltT " n 1a3hed "u
them all once more! Br,an; U lSn ' half 50 mce " nT"
Onlv three month had passed but I & J00 . . .,. . ,. .
it seemed three vears since she had! ' To own tub f" unbelief im
gone to tie little church and prom-1 tB flumi0,n- T, ,
.scd to be a faithful wife to Brian-' ,And 1 " to11 Slret.
So much had been crowded in that Ra'h- 1 p ' l"cky to have
short time, so much that she hated. I on io wash-considering."
as well as o much of jov, that the, 00r fld mamm.v wa Vle Sh
time eeemed long. The housework .ia,lf understood but thought Ruth wa
went more eailv than at first, be- !JbklnK- That her "ehile," her baby,
cause, with all 'her ignorance, Ruth fhoM o menial work, was beyond
was far from stupid, and had quick-jher comprehension.
Ir le-mcd lo the work which dc- LSui insisted upon going to work
volved upon her. But how she hated at on("e' altU Mrs- Uayborne urge
it! the soapy smell when she washed heT to wait unt1' she wa res,C(1- Her
the dishes or the floor; the red hands !keeD c.vej haJ not falLeii to note the
that no amount of care would render ! wfaT look ln Ruth's eyes, the re
soft and white, as thev used to be; ian, ro"Rhened hands,
me rooKiug over ine not stove, wnere
she often burned herself; the sweep
ing and dusting, the making of beds,
all the homely tasks a poor man's
wife must do, disgusted her. Yet for
love of linnn sue scarcely ever com
She does her own work I wonder
if he can't afford even a single ser
vant f" Mrs. (.'lay borne mused, but
Ruth threw herself heart and soul
into the plans for beautifying the oil
plained. Altho she slid manv bitter 1 "vmg room, sue sent for painters an
tears when alone. " .decorator to follow out her own or-
Then came the morning when she 1;lnal designs. She ordered brcea.Iei
left. Brian took her to the train, lan't wonderful stuffs for recovering the
bought her ticket, and kissed her i"ture and for hangings. She hard
goodhvo. jl.v took time to return the caNs made
"Don't sav too long, dear, will iP011 hcr- or to reteiv. her friends,
vouf " so enthusiastic was eh.
"Xo, I'll be back before you want,! Thcn me da' P.W 8utt0B id t
or expect me," she replied choking "r:
back the tears, it was their first part- "Tlle first th'E? we know, I reckem
ing even for a night, and suddenly her 'vf will be hearing you have gone in
love for her handsome husbaud rushed 1 business! They say it is quite.
over her, and it seemed to Ruth thnt!fa'l UP NoW
he wa worth all and more than she' "oh- no! but 1 '1 lv to Ao 0Ter
ever could give, or give up. jtoome and houses." Yet, in spite of
Hut youth is resilient. The excite- her denial, Peggy's careless remark,
incut of traveling alone a new sensa- remained with her; and there wasn't
tion to Ruth; the thought of soon be-i 1T that she didn't think how much
ing with all the dear ones at home; I happier she was doing such work, than
the delight she knew she would exper-do'nR the homely task in Brian'
ience in making the old. familiar rooM j home- If n,y h were there, with
ner, ne would dc almost ioo nappy.
To-morrow Mrs- Clayborne Payt
Ruth Generously For Her Work.
Only four more weeks until the state fair. As it has
rained during the month of August, an unusual thing,
the weather for the fair should le of the ideal kind.
llvngl The Hiitish hit 'em agai. I
LADD & BUSH, Bankers
ALL THE THIRD LIBERTY BONDS ARE NOW
THOSE INTERESTED PLEASE CALL
AT THE BANK
by Walt Mason j
It is not wise for us to say, when things begin to
way, "The foe is on the run; we've kicked his
our way, "Ihe foe is on the run; we've kicked his shins
and made him howl: we have our t rio unon his iowl: it
good night for the Hun." Four years ago, along the
Marne. they'd nailed the; Hun pelt to the barn, and
thought the war near done; and I recall how pepole cried,
"The Teuton's crumpled, cinched, hog-tied! The victory
is won!" Far be it from an old fat pote to sound a dour,
discordant note, when all the joy bells ring; but there are
weary days ahead, with tales of wounded men and dead,
defeats, and everythinir. It is not wise to rot ton pav.
for when reverses come our way, we'll feel them all the
more; and when the blamed reverses come, it is not wise
! to to be too glum, too sick and sad and sore. We'll win the
war; that much is sure, but till it's won we must endure
suspense and grief and pain; extremes of jov, extremes of
woe don't help 9 Mend or hurt a fee, so' let's be safe and
sane. Let us be calm and do our bit in anv nihp vhMt wo
may fit, in counting room or camp; let's do our duty, full
and fair, and when we have some coin to spare, buy one
large green thrift stamp.
gon. 1m .N. Jtnglisn, jonn roru, i yrus
Pitney, John iommon, m. P. I ugh,
David Presley, Wiley Chapman, A. R.
Stanton, John 1). Boon. T. Orump, John
W. Zeumalt, A. Towner, Samuel Sim
mons, n iIIif.:b Ureenwooa, iienry
Smith, Jadley Uobson anl Kdward Ucl-
Tho first case on the dvx-ket was that
of Joshua McKenlv, for the use of Je-
roine Walling against John Durhin. The
attorney for the plaintiff as v . ,
'hnriuan while Mr. IHirbin appeared
for himself. Hie record reads: "Ihe
lefcndant offering no testimony to mis
tain his plea, it is ordered tUat tne
I'luintiff recover of the defendant the
um of $liii..'0, the amouut of the prom-
The first divorce suit m the records
f the couutv was that of James Camp
bell auainst Klia Campbell, at the
sme term of court beginning Aug. II,
IMS'. The records slate that the dc-
ndaut was solemnly called three times
nn 1 as ho did not appear in person, nor
any persou for her, tho divorce was
granted to Mr. Campbell.
lly the March term of court in l!v"l
it nas Marion cun;y imttead of Cham
pmg. At this term ,if court, March
'.It, 1S51, ,l,ihn Minto applied to the
court to complete his naturalization.
The record states that he had lived in
the territory two years previous to the
date of filing his first declaration of
intention. The record reads: "And tho
aid John Minto, having proved that
he is a man of good moral charm-tor
and attacked to ttio institutions of th-.'
I nited State and had lived in the ter
ritory for the pa-st ftve year, the court
administered the cnVh of allegiance
and admitted htm to the privileges of
a citiwn of the Cnited Ktate "
The first legal handing in the coun
ty was April VS. I ":!. Judge William
Strong pronouured the 'tene on Wil
liam ken. lull April , lvM, as f.dlows.
after a jury had found him gn.ity of
murder: "Whereupon the sentence o'
the court is that (iJ William Kendal!
be taken from the place of eonfiaeatrnt
and thea to be neeiiirly kept by the
sheriff of Mttrion county until the lth
day of April instant, and on that day
between the hour of 10 o'clock in the
morning an I 4 o'clock i the afternoon
h takes by tb aheritf fro txd pl-c
of eonfiucmcnt tj uuii eonvenient
place in said eoony and the be hang
ed br t!i sheriff br the rvk until
lead, dead, UaJ."
lovely, soon made her forget her sor
I Then when she arrived! Mrs. Clay
borne hail driven t the station to
meet her. lt;ho she explained on the
way Jiomo tfliat she wouldn't lijive Tnpn5t! Flimiflira
dreamed of doing it had she engaged a ulijJCI lul rUIIlUUIC
professional decorator instead of an
When thcry reached the dear old
house, set back in among the giant?
trees, and She aw the old servants
Igrouped on te piaiza to greet her,
tear filled Kuth's eyes. She hugged
and kissed tham indiscriminately, to
bid Kachel'a disgust.
"Yo sho'ly ain't no call to kiss oie
"Pete!" she grumbled, "It ain't ladylike."
"Never mind, mammy Kachel! I
The Imperial Furniture company wa
sold this afternoon by William McGil
christ, Jr., to Feldstein & Precktor of
Portland, the firm that several month
ago bought the stock of Chambers &
Chambers. He announces that possession
0 HELL With
was so glad to see them I would have j " ill be given at once. The stook and
kissed Pete if he had been twice as ; fixtures of the Imperial Furniture Co.
old and twice as black." I are estimated at a value of close to
Mrs. Clayborne, noting the warmth ' $40,000.
of Ruth's greetings, her ready tears! Mr. McOilchrist reserves all the Vie
and happy smiles, drew her own con-jtrolas and records and the agency fo
ciusuMia. the victor company.
"Take her upstairs and clean her m
MTb. WANT ADS PAY.
What's a Battery Expert?
Expert: "One who has special skill, ex
perience or knowledge."
Every Willard expert must have all three
when it comes to handling batteries.
Our experience immediately tells us where
your battery troubles lie; our knowledge tells
you what needs to be done; and our skill
insures a workmanlike job.
We're at yourservice.
We want to tell you about Threaded Rub
ber, too, and give you a copy of the booklet,
"A Mark with a Meaning for You
AUTO ELECTRIC SHOP
DEGGE & BURRELL
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