Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, August 06, 1918, Image 1

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Only Circulation in Salem Guar
anteed by ths Audit Bureau of
Oregon: Tonight
ami WeOne t d a y
fair; gentle winds
mostly westerly.
Etl H f 1 1ff - - ii
h ii
N More Than Thousand Heavy
Guns, Thousands Machine
Guns, And Million Rounds
of Ammunition. German
Submarine Crews Mutiny
And Are Shot. Attempted
Air Raid On England Fails.
Enemy Holds Vesle River
Line Strongly To Cover Re-
treat. '-"ggifegj-
London, Aug. 6. Since the Germans
"began their retreat from the Marne
the allies havo captured a thousand
guns, thousands of machine guns and i
millions 'of rounds of artillery ammuni-1
won, agency cuspatcnes received nere
from the front report,
London, Aug. 6. Of three German
"irships which attempted a raid on ths
east coast of England last night, one
was brought down in flames in the sea
and another was badly damaged but
probably reached its base, the admiral
ty announced today.
The aircraft did not penetrate far
Amsterdam, Aug. 6. Rumors have
reached here that some of the crews of
German submarines at Wilhenishaven
revolted and that a number of sailors
were executed.
Paris, Aug. 6. The long-range bom
bardment of Paris was resumed today.
There wene some victims and some ma
. ferial damage.
By Lowell Mellet.
(United Press gt&ff correspondent)
With the French ' Armies in the
Field, Aug. 6. (2:10 p. m.) French
troops today maintained their bridge
heads across the Vesle river despite
two strong German counter attacks. A
mill on the edge of the village of
Braisne, on the Veslo,. six miles north
west of Fismes, were occupied by the
French during the night. Two bridges
in that region were also seized- Tho
Germans are still holding out in
Machine gun emplacements have been
established in Braine and the enemy
is making heavy resistance there. Ar
tillery of both armies is heavily shell
ing along the Aisne, Vesle and Oise
JFurther north of the French are
solidly established on the banks of tho
River Avre, north of Braches and Neu
ville wood.
By John Da Gandt.
- (United Press staff correspondent)
Paris, Aug. 6. (4:00 p. m) With
the Germans resisting fiercely along
the Vesle, French heavy artillery on
the south bank of the river this after
noon laid down a terrific fire on the
table land between the Veslo and the
Aisne. The crossings of the Aisne
were also heavily shelled. - Simultan
eously Franco-American aviators flew
(Continued from page one)
Germans May Retire
To Line Of Meuse
The Hague, Aug. 6. The Ber-
lin Vossische Zeitung, in a pas-
simistic article, hints at the
possibility of a German retreat
to tho line of the Mouse, accord-
ing to advices here.
A neutral traveler, returning
' from Berlin, declared today that
ale the "man on the street" there
is nervous and beginning to reck-
on on the ultimate defeat of
. .
, Such a retirement as hinted at
in the Vossische Zeitung would
mean the relinquishment of prae
4c tieally all occupied French terri-
tory and two thirds of Belgium.
The Mouse river, rising 25 miles '
south of Neufchateau, flows
northward through Verdun, cross
ing the Belgian border touth of
je Dinant. It turns sharply north-
eastward at Namur, flowing thru 4c
Liege and crossing the border
into Holland near Mammstrich.
4c $
Military Leaders Have But
, One Card Left to Play,
By William Philip Simms
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With tlie British Armies in France,
Aug. 6. The German armies are at bay.
Their full retreat toward the Aisno has
foreed theui to abandon positions along
the Avre and Aucre rivers and near Gi
venehy. The Teuton hordes are face to
face with three roekbottoin facts first
the German summer campaign so far is
a complete failure; second, their reserv
es are badly used up; third, they ar.9
equalled, if not outnumbered by eager
forces, which are being increased week
ly by tens of thousands of absolutely
fit Americans, who are fidgeting with
impationeo to get at the Germans.
Von Hindenburg and Von Ludendorff
tho German leaders, have only one card
loft to play and it is a card of doubt
ful value. It consists of a complete re
arrangement of tho western front, suit
ing it to jhe altered conditions by short
ening the line and adopting a defens
ive strategy behind the rivers and oth
er natural barriers.
This plau would involve the selection
of one spot, where remnants of the ar
mies from everywhere would be col
"From Over There"
General Pershing's Official Report
Washington, Aug. 6 Four hundred
and ninety eight American casualties
were reported back from the Franco
American drive in five lists mado pub
lic today. They included 358 . army
troops and 140 marines. American cas
ualties thus far announced from the
Franco-American push total 1214. As
rapidly as they can be compiled at the
war department they are being given
out and more probably will be announc
ed today.
The army list was divided as fol-
Killed' in action 31; died of wounds
6; wounded severely 313; wounded, de
gree undetermined 7; prisoners 1.
The marine list was divided as fol
Killed in action 7; died of wounds
33; wounded severely 38; wounded, de
gree undetermined 111; wounded slight
ly 1-
The army list follows:
Killed in Action
. Sergeant C. A. Stephenson, Ander
son, S. C.
M. K. Crabtroe, Toppenish, Wash.
E. H. Jellv, Woodhaven, N. Y.
B. Walters, Thealka, Ky.
Mechanic T. S. Price, St. Louis, Minn
Privates '
T. Albino, .Brooklyn, N. Y.
F. Altobell, Berlin, N. H.
E. F. Bowman, Wheeling, W. Va.
8. F. Briot, Tonasket, Wash.
F. X. Conley, Philadelphia
J. H. Cottrell, Sonnl Glen, Cal.
A. L- Esslinger, Danville, 111.
W. A. Guin, Ink, Ark.
E. C. Hartman, 'San Francisco
8. J. Johnson, Jr., Cooperstown, N.Y.
A. 8. Johnston, Homer City, Pa.
M. B. Katz, Worcester, Muss.
J- Kellev, Detroit, M-ich.
R. E. Kelley, Flandreau, S- P.
B. Korasciewiecz, Borea, S. C.
F. W. Martin,-Onaga, Kan.
M. J. Nee, Shrewsberry, Mass.
J. Nemchick, South Bethlehem, Pa.
R. Parr, Encampment, Wyo.
M- Polenslii, Philadelphia
H. Rhodes, Reading, Pa-
F. Sager, St. Paul, Minn.
W. O. Schafelke, Appleton, Wis.
D. K. Shedd, Manchester, N. H.
J. H. Tatrif, Harrisville, R. I.
J. W. Williams. Bane, Me.
Died from Wounds
Corporal H. E. Simmons, Worcester,
('. Colvini Keril, Ky.
P. M. Brothers, Randolph Center, Vt.
W. L. Chamberlain, Griswoldville,
J. Seraphim, Hartford, Conn.
J. Weir. Litchfield, Conn.
Wounded Severely
Captain A Nathness, Menomonie,
P. H. Brockman, Wclset, Idaho
H. L. Wovmann, Caledonia, Miss.
W. W. Wicoff, St. Charles, Minn.
H. Dille, Columbus. Ohio
H. Franklin, Pendleton, Oregon
E. J. Kasel, Toledo, Ohio
F. King, Oshkofch, Wis.
8. Kopinski, South Bend, Ind
E. H. Prettyman, Huff, Pa.
R. J. Bainbridge, Edmonton, Okla,
R. W. Colflesh, Des Moines, Iowa
S. Donnelly, Ambler, Pa.
Wagoner W. Z. Eglitz, Chicago
L. T. Akers, Columbia Ky.
J. Asien, Chicago
(Continued on page three)
lected to try for a decision. This bid for
victory, if made, must have the devil's
luck, plus all possible aid from the Ger
man Gott, plus a large element of the
miraculous. Without these conditions,
this bid must fail, after which the last
spark of Germany's hordes is gone for
ever. Over the wreck of what was once the
world's greatest offensive army hovers
today tho oppressive shadow of defeat.
Prisoners admit there is a spirit of hope
lessness in the German camp, which is
gradually spreading to all parts of the
I have not spoken of pessimistic let
ters from Germans to their homes bo
cause I believed they did not represent
the general feeling. I am convinced,
however, that the following letter from
a soldier in the Marne operations to a
friend newly arrived at the British
front from Germany gives a fair idea
of the sentiment of a large part of the
"You should be a thick thinker. We
now shirk all wo can, for we are only
fighting now for the big wigs. At the
Maine we did not get very far. Our
regiment was nearly wiped out.
"War is becoming the greatest mas
sacre that ever was. What is going to
happen I don't know. Germany is slow
ly crumbling to pieces."
(Continued on page two)
of Ijmtm
Corn Crops In Iowa And Neb-
raska May Be Badly
Chicago, Aug. 6. The corn belt
smothered today in a heat wave. Hot
winds stole the moisture from growing
crops and left cities panting.
In, Chicago, four deaths were laid to
the heat with a score of prostrations.
St. Louis reported four deaths and mow
prostrations. Other cities suffered heat
casualties in smaller numbers.
With the mercury leaping two dc
groos per hour, Chicago's hot day re
cord was expected to go today with
temperature anove lv'J, the previous
nigh mark, Extra policemen were em
ployed to handle the huge bathing beach
crowds. Milwaukee- found a 97-degrce
temperature hard to bear.
Nebraska corn was suffering under
temperatures ranging from lili) down,
Jowa's corn crop was reported by au
thorities to have been lowered 60,000,
000 bushels in the past week.
A violent tropical hurricane to strike
Bomowhere between Galveston and New
Orleans was predicted by weather bu
reau officials to top off the heat wave
Iowa Corn May Suffer.
Des Moines, Aug. 6. With the aver
ago thermometer readings throughout
Iowa at 82 degrees at 8 o'clock, two de
grees higher than yesterday, weather bu
reau officials predicted another scorch
er. Yesterday 's highest reading, 104, will
be overtaken before noon, they say.
Unless there is a heavy rainfall throu
ghout the seven corn belt states shortly
the damage to the corn crop will be tre
mendous. This is the opinion of Henry
C. Wallace, of Wallace's Farmer, recog'
nized corn authority of the United Sta
The rainfall during June and July was
but 5.9 inches, which is nearly two in
ches short of .the necessary moisture.
Summing up reports from all section!
of tho corn belt, Wallace estimates the
corn crop yesterday at 2,830,000,000
bushels. The drought during the past
week has caused an estimated loss of
C0,000,o6o bushels during that period.
With continued hot an weather
the crop in all corn states and Iowa par
ticularly, will be tremendously damaged
according to Wallace's report.
Nebraska Swelters
Lincoln. Neb., Aug. 6. Nebraska Is
being subjected to one of th worst heat
waves in years. Hot winds from the
south -are burning the corn to a crisp
Althonirh the last two davs have not
equalled Sun iar'i record of 109 degrees
thero is no indication of a let-up. All
corn except the early crop is practically!
No Boys Will Be Sent lo Fir
ing Line Before They
Are 21Jears Old
By L. O. Martin
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington, Aug. 6 There will
be liberal interpretation of exemption
privileges under the new man power
bill, now tfore congress.
General Crowder, who appeared be
fore the senate military committee to
day to discuss the measure, said that
the greatly increased number of men
affected under the new bill would
make it necessary to modify the pres
ent exemption programs.
General Mareh will appear before
the committee tomorrow and Secretary
Baker will be called when he returns
from the west.
Inquiries regarding the purpose of
the great draft measure, its proposed
administration etc., are leading admin
istration advisers to recommend the is
suance of a statoment by Secretary
Baker explaining the aims of the bill.
It is probable among other things
that this statement will make it clear
that it is not the . intention of the war
department, to send men to the firing
line before they are 21.
Select Head Of Spruce Divis
ion As Final Arbiter Of
All Disputes
Portland, Or., Aug. Fifteen hund
red representatives of the timber work
ors of the Duithwcst, coast division, to
day inspected the cut-up plant at Van
couver, Wash., seeing what became of
'tUeir timber after it loft t'ie'r hands.
They will return- tonight to their va
rious locals west of the Cascades and
report that tiicy agreed to the arbitra
tion plan which Colonol Disquo of the
spruce division, United States army,
first submitted to the employers and
then to the timbermen.
In the convention late yesterday the
mo tube m of the Loyal- Legion of Log
gers and Lumbermen voted entire confi
dence in Colonel Disque and thanked
him for what ho has done for the log
gers and tho logging industry.
Thfy nslicd Colonel Disque to act as
final arbiter and agreed to abide by his
decisions on all labor questions.
A similar convention will be held in
Spokane August 12 to cover the same
ground for tiiiibcrmcn cast of the Cas
cades. The employo members of the district
committees, in tho oight groups west of
th-3 Cascades, were chosen yesterday,
as follows:
District Committees Named
District No. i (Coos Buy) J. E. Eior
dan, North Bend, Or., chairman; George
Youi g, Wcndliug, Or., Henry Beard
Kill City, Or.
Disirict No. 2 (Tillamook) Charles
Nel-ion, Black Hoik, Or. chairman; W,
11. Kent, Mohler, Or., L. E. Hanley
Wheeler, Or,'
District No. A (Columbia River) T.
Hudson, Portland chairman; S. B.
Moon Knappa, Or., H. Kirbyson, Ray
mond, Wash. .
District No. 4 (Willapa Harbor) J.
L. Hudson, T.lcf orniick, Wash., chairman
R. 1 1. Scollard, Raymond, Wash., H. C.
Harrison, Onnlaaka, Wash.
District No. 5 ( Grays Harbor)-;i. in.
B-ovis, White, Wash., chairman; Jack
Collier. Aberdeen, Wash., C. F. Rich
ardson, Aberdeen, Wash.
District No. 6 (uouth Sound) J. H.
Dol'stii, filieltiiu Viash., chairman; C.
E. Ardcry, Union Mills, Wash., P. Par
sons, Tacoma, Wash.
District No. 7 (Central Sound) R.
O'Brien, Port Angeles, Wash., chair
man; R. A. Carter, Seattle, Wash., A. D
Chisholm, Snoqualmie, Wash.
District No. 8 (North Sound)t-'V. T.
Linahan, Everett, Wash., Chairman;
C. W. Davis, Clear Lake. Wash., Charles
Uniubs, Bcllingham, Wash.
Rickenbacker Story Pleases
Portland, Or., Aug. 6. Loguuv ad
lumbermen of the northwest and soldiers
of the spruce division, U. S. A., who by
producing airplano lumber are making
possible a realization of Uncle Sam's
tremendous airship program, will read
in their own publication of the exploits
of American airmen in Europe as told
in the Eddie Rickenbacker series ap
pearing in United Press paperj.
Tlie information section of the spruce
division todav asked the United Press
for pei mission to reprint the copyright
cd sti-ries. This permission was readily
The Rickenbacker stories will prove
an inspiration to the 100,000 timber
workers of the loyal legion of loggers
abd lumbermen and the 30,000 soidiers
(Continued on page two)
Commander Of Allied Forces
Refuses To Be Drawn
Into Trap.
- By J. W. T. Mason
(United Press war expert)
New York, Aug. 6. General Foch's
high quality of patience is again- con
trolling the allies' strategy south of
the Aisne. Von Hindenburg 's entico
mont to the allies to overrun themselves
and fall into carefully prepared Ger
man pitfalls are having no more suc
cess now than at any time since tho
retreat from the Marne began.
The Germans aro in strong defensive
positions north" of the Vesle. They are
holding their line- desperately for the
work of moving their guns across tho
Aisne is a slow and laborious process.
To drive the Germans back by frontal
attacks along the Veslo would exact a
heavy death toll from the allies, much
in excess of whnt the Germans the-m-solves
would suffer.
Genoral Foch has repeatedly Bhown
he will not engage in Ihese short-sight
ed tactics.
Artillery bombardments or threats to
encircle the Germans are tho rightly
favored methods of attack under pres
ent conditions. It is not worth the heavy
cost of direct assaults on present Ger
man positions to drive Von Hindenburg
boyoud the Aisne inoro rapidly than he
must go eventually.
The time for tho allies major offens
ive has not T'-' come and the fewer cas
ualties the allies suffer in the mean
time, the more certain will the final
result of tho offensive be. It doesn't
matter to General Foch whether Von
Hindenburg is compelled to shorten his
liue notv" or later. The inevitable must
happen. Von Hindenburg, however,
strongly desires General Foch to t to
forco tho inevitable bofore its time. If
Von Hindenburg can inveigle General
Foch into engaging in destructive min
or offensives before America's millions
are fully prepared, thoro rcmnirrs a
chance that in the end tho allies will
have whittled away their new resources.
SojVon Hindenburg turns at bay and
invites tho foremost units of General
Foeh's troops to engage in pitched bat
tles. But the trap is without avail. Gen
eral Foch is familiar with all the tricks
of th.e old fox. Inexorablo as fate, tho
American troops are filing into France.
Timo, therefore, waits at Foch's com-
mahd and tho pause at the Vesle is an
integral part of the allies' strategy, I
She Organized Posse And Sur
rounded Fugitives In De
serted Cabin
Pnl-tlnnd. Oi-e . Ann. fl Thro! ni-otf.
, n. v, v
fallen convicts who were returned to
tho state penitentiury at Salem today
must admire tho pluck of Miss Dorothy
llyrom, blond headed girl, who recog
nized them, followed them in an auto
mobile ana then forced a party ot
"uninterested" men to take them cap
tives. Dorothv once visited the tnt Trkon.
Tliprn ttlm .nn; nna nf iheiun innvttl
and when she saw him trudging up the
(Continued on pago two)
Gus Mctwurst has bought 13000
worth o' liberty bonds t' offset his
name. Lcmmie Potors is up in th' air
o'er th' war, but still in th' artillery.
In Spite of Desperate Resistance, However, Allied Trccps
Cress River At Various Points. American Cavalry ht
rcls fismes Region. Rain Falls And All Reads Are
' Quagmires, But Yankee Forces Still Manage to Keep la
Touch With Retiring Enemy.
By Fred S. Ferguson.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With The American Armies In France
Aug. 6, German resistance continued to
ilay along the Vesle. Heavy fighting
is under way on the- entire line. The
enemy is holding the heights along the
north bank of the river. His artillery
tiro has increased, while his machine
guns sweep the river crossings and the
approaches to tho heights." American
ivi tillery is pounding tho boche positions
Meantime, additional allied infantry
and otnor units have crossed the river.
lhe situation in Fismes is peculiar
reminiscent of the days when the Am
ericans occupied Vera Cruz. Although
th town is held by our troops, German
sr.ipers are still concealed in buildings
and cellars. Americans on both sides of
the Vesle aro mopping up these snipers
ana stray machine guns.
Our advunce forces are likely to con
tinue beyond Fismes and let tlie rear
elements finish their mopping up opera
tions. American cavalry is patrolling the
Fismes region. Rain is falling und all
roads are. semi-rivers. Fields aro soft
under foot, men and horses sinking deep
in tho mud at overy step. Tho banks
of the Veslo are more marshy than ever
making operations slower on more dif
ficult. In spito of these handicaps, tho Am
ericans continue to feci out the Ger
man line, constantly pressing forward.
Tho Veslo in this region is about 15
:iiot?r (about fifty feet) wido and is
swift Riul deep. Crossings were made,
however, over partially wrecked bridges
the men cliiibing over the wreckage
that still protruded above wator.
Stiff fighting marked tho taking of
Fismes. Tho bochos had extensive ma
china gun defenses and rather heavy
artillery concentrations.
Extended artillery preparation pre
ceded tho American attack, smashing
some of tho niaclnno nests and putting
Old French Woman Was As
tonished When Doughboys
Harvested Crop.
By Frank J. Taylor.
(United Pross Staff Correspondent.)
With The American Forces In France
June 30 (By Mail.) She was a little
stooped-over woman, somebody 's grand
With rather feeble strokes, but strong
ones considering her ago, she was cut
ting hay with a scytlio in a field whom
you could hear tho guns rumble. She
would swing a few strokes and then
pause for breath.
The amount of hay already cut was
far from encouraging, compared to the
uncut waves of it. But she kept brave
ly on, cutting and resting, cutting and
resting, and making tho most of the
Ho was a doughboy from a middle
western state, a farmer lad whose tem
porary profession was whipping tho Ger
mans. His company was on rest, and hi
had a few days of comparative liberty.
He used his spare hours to "hike"along
the fields. Ho said "it took liim back
to the homestead" to bo whero hny and
grain were growing.
He saw the old French woman cutting
hay, in one of hig travels, and his im
pulse was to .jump over the fence and of
fer his services. His forethought was
to keep on the road, because his French
vocabulary did not include the wordj
"hay" nor "scythe" nor enough gram
mar to concoct the sentence, "May 1
help you by cutting some hay?"
His impulse won, and he hopped over;
the fence to present his freckled honest
self beforo the French woman. Taking
the scythe from her hands, he said,
nninlinrr at himti.il? iltn B.vha nml tlio
hay, "Mo cut hay. Me trcs strong far
mer boy."
Will Good French Bad. I
Ho doubled up his fist and clenched
his elbow to prove the latter. I
Evidently his French mis-led him, for:
the old farmeress protested, thinking he
wanted to borrower confiscate her scy
the. It was her rtnlyono, she explained.
More French made the situation more of
a dilemma.
A doughboy soon learns on the French
front that once you get into a scrape the
the best way out of it is to use action,
not words. This doughboy Lad learned
a few batteries out of action. Then the
infantry stormed the others, fighting
partly through the streets which divid
ed the town.
Another smach threw the bodies com
pletely out of tho city, except for tho
Just prior to the attack on Fismes,
the Americans inflicted bloody losses on
tho enemy as the latter retroated down
the heights south and cast of town. The
Americans reached tho crest of tla
heights as the. bodies were retiring
down the slopes. Our riflemen and ma
chine gunners opened up a deadly firo
ami soon carpeted the hillside with Ger
man dead and wounded. Fismes was
held by a Gorman reginiont with a spec
ial machine gun detachment, which, ac
cording to prisoners, formed part of
tho reserves of Crown Prince Ruppro
cht 's armies. The majority of prisoners
are between 18 und 20 years old. Their
host men havo been killed and replace
ments havo been mado from young ro
sorvo divisions. Included among the
enemy divisions in this region, however,
are. some of tho crack guurd regiments,
as well as other types of their best
Tlio Americans are improving their
work of cleaning up machine positions
without hoavy losses. Evory day they
aro encountering tricks new to them, but 1
aro meeting them by springing new
tricks of their own. The bodies strung
quantities of barbed wire in the Veslo,
but did not retard tho Americans' cross
ing. Posibly duo to tho hasty nuturo
of their retreat, tho enemy left none
of the devlish devices behind that char
acterized their retreat beforo the Brit
ish on tho Stmime. Every grenade or
suspicious looking article, found in any
of the houses is carefully handled.
In the meantime, careful search is
being made in a'l of tho captured towns
for spies. The bochos havo. a trick of
leaving a spy in French or American
uniform hidden in the town, to come-out
after allied occupation.
already and he began cutting hay with
wido swinging strokeB.
The old Frenchwoman's apprehensions
turned to joy and admiration.
"Vous etes un bon garcon," she re
peated, following him, and if tho words
meant nothing to him, the tone of her
toothless lisp mount much.
Down the, field they went, the dough
boy cutting, and tho old woman follow
ing, carrying on a conversation in
French, lo which ho always replied,
"Oui, oui." lte know that imic), of
Near a tiny houso on tho edge of the
village and at the end of tho field, sho
stopped hiin. "Wait a minute," sho baid
in French, "until I get you something
to drink."
No Wine for Him.
When she came out of the house with
a glass and a bottle, ho was half way
down the fivld. Hho followed, and pour
ed out a glass of wine.
He declined it with, "Pas bon," two
other words ho knew.
The old woman was offended. "Not
good," sho suid, "It is good wine ami
old. It is good."
Ho understood that sho was hurt, nnd
tried to make it clear ho did not drink
wine and did not want it. Sho insisted
he take it.
Vou cannot do a kindness in Franco
without having it returned, and tins
doughboy understood it. Yet lie Tic7 net
wiiii the wine. Also ho was not cutting
hay while ho was not protesting
Then he had nn idea. "I haven't had
a glass of milk to drink since I left
home,' he said, "That's 11 months. Give
me a glass of milk, and I'll think I'm
homo again with this hay to cut."
"Comprends pas," sho suid shrugging
her shoulders.
Pointing Helps a Little.
Ho understood the words with a shrug.
He pointed to a cow in the next pas
ture. "Milk, milk," he said, "yoa
know milk."
She understood something and lui- -ricd
Jn to the lioupe. Presently sho cams
out with some cheese and bread. She
benmen with the prospects of delighting
this young American.
"Hon," he said real Frenchily, "But
can't I have some milkf"
"Out, oui, oui," she said. without un
dcristnnding. "Oh, you don't understand. I'll show
you," he said.
(Continued on page two). J