Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (July 8, 1918)
tA Hi!? if
(23,000 BEADEBS) DAILY
Only Circulation In Salem Guir
an teed by the Audit Burean of
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEWS SEBYIOE
and Tuesday fair
t-oolcr east por
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 159
SALEM, OREGON, MONDAY, JULY 8, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FIVE CENTS
0 M 5) ffl 1
MfilLP FRENCH f ORCES
FIGHT IN WOOD
Many Cases of Individual Yan
kee Heroism Noted During
, MAKE GROT RECORDS
German-Americans Are Mak
ing Splendid Records with
c Pershing's Army
Parish July 8. Several American of
ficers were killed and many Injured
when two automobiles collided near
Toutaineblr-u, it wai announced today.
Fontaiuebleu is 27 miles southeast of
By Fred S. Ferguson
(United Press gtttff correspondent)
With ithe Americans on the Manie,
:lJuly 8 -American troops aided the
'French in clearing BUI ?04, which
dominates Chateau-Thierry from tlie
The Americans were swimming and
playing baseball when the French cora
ntandor was notified to take a few of
them on the attack. Several entire com
laaie volunteered and some were se
lected from each.
The attacking fortee fought id ft
wood and on the side of the hill for
three houra. It was largely hand to
hand work. Some of the beyches had
'climlbed trees to escape the barrage and
bad pulled machine guns up with them.
With these they poured a heavy fire
into the Franco-Americans who used
rifles and grenades in (bringing them
An American sergeant who had ex
Tiausted his grenaeles against a bocue
inwhino gunner in a tree, threw down
'bis rifle, cJi'iribod' the tree, struck the
German with hkj detached bayonet and
pitched the body dewn.
Lieutenant Meisser of Brooklyn is
the newest American ace. Two addi
tional Hun victims, oifTi'ciully confirm
ed, won him the lienor.
Lieutenant Goodnlc, - observer, and
"Lieutenant Noysc pilot, attacked by
six German airmen, breught one down
land escaped from the others.
Lieutenant rtedtsewick of St. Paul,
II inn., a balloon uliwerver. descended
in a parachute when his craft was shot
(Continued on page four)
Y. M. C. A. War Workers
Act As Stretcher Bearers
Daring Fighting At Front
Secretaries Invalided Home
Tell of Heroic Work of
New York, July 8 Suffering from
gas attacks .and' strain of overwork,
Y. M. C?A. war work sw'retaries fur
. the past two weeks have been acting
as stretcher bearers at the front car
ing for the wounded American and
French soldiers at the request of Am
('able advices from Pari state that
in the overcrowded dresBin; stations
three Y. M. C. A. workers barely es
caped death when German shells de
stroyed it. Y. M. C. A. canteens in this
active sector have been established un
der trees and behind rocks and the rush
of the soldiers to reach these point is
likened to a run upon a bank. All Y.
M. C. A. supplies taken to the front
are distributed free. Every man gets
'cigarettes and chocolate doily.
Officers state that the most necessary-
thing for the wounded is to eat
nd smoke. The Y. M. C. A. is as far
as possible supplying this need. Trucks
work their way twenty miles to head
quarters established in'a sand pit. This
is done at night and enables the work
ers to be ready night and day to care
for the men coming from or going to
the tTenches. "5T" men are serving in
Six Americans Killed In Ac
tion and Thirteen Dies of
Washington, July 8. General Per
shing today reported fifty casualties in
the A. E. F. divided as follows:
Killed in action, 6; died of wounds.
13; died of accident and other causes,
2; severely wounded, 29.
The list follows:
Killed in action:
Cook Walter L. Crouch, Etmdale, Kan.
Privates G. Anikcwich, Ham Tramck,
B. W. East, Magnolia, Miss.
A. Hage, Franklin, La.
L. H. "Still, Wibaux, Mont.
M. G," Wright, Augusta, Ga.
Died of wounds:
Sergeants G. Sastiglione, St. Paul,
K. A. Wood, Highlands, N. J.
Cook Carmine Ienco, central Rutland
Privates E. A. Chatham, Bath, Mont
M. Gill, Ham Tramck, Mich.
M. V. Hair, Early, Iowa.
E. J. Miller, Alton,. 111.
G. D. O'Laughlin, Stuart, Iowa.
J. H. Sehultz, Newark, N. J.
T. C. Seder, Kavenscrort, Tenu.
A. L. Si until, Babylon, N. Y.
W. II. Taylor, Aldershot, S. D.
A. E. Vautrain, New Orleans, La.
Died from accidont and other causes:
Privates J. A. Booth, Mont Clair, N.
H. V. Parker, Salisbury, Md.
. The wounded severely included:
Sergeant W. W. White, Houghtoii
Privates J. T. Holifiold, Brockpoil,
I. B. Holsapplc, Glendive, Mont.
W. T. McGraw, Los Angeles, Cai.
L. A. Wray, 525 Tenth avenue Seattlo
Prisoners (previously reported miss
C. Tieman, Dayton, Ky.
Wiil Tell McAdoo About
Port of Portland
Pcrfaud, Or., July 8. When Direct
or General McAdoo arrives here this
week for a consultation with railroad
moii. the fine qualities of the Port of
Portland will ibe poured into his ear.
Portland has fct its heart on recog
nition by the government as the best
shipping point for war supplies to Rus
sia which are. expected to reach great
magnitude soon. v
McAdoo will be shown the deep,
water ihanbor and will 'be told that
while other Pacific ports are already
congested, Portland's port is not.
The fjict tihau Portland offers a down
grade pull is counted on to appeal to
the boss railroader.-
the hospitals at the front, American of
ficers declaring they have made ' a
'wonderful place for themselves with
Telling how a captain of marines
made his way six nii'lca over a shell
torn road on a bicycle with a hundred
pound bag of sugar cn his back in or
der that -his men might have the bene
fit of sweatened' chocolate in the front
line trenches, .lames Taylor, a Y. M.
it'. A. secretary, who has returned to
this country suffering from shell shock
and gas. ispeaks jn glowing terms of
the apirit of the marines who are do
ing such effective work at the front.
He cites the above incident as an ex
ample of the splendid cooperation be-
jtween officers, men and Y. M. C. A.
I "In all the month I was with the
.marines at the front beforo I was
(gashed," said Taylor, "I never taw a
! drunken marine. In a village where
.'they were billeted in the homes of the
ITrenfc'h, not a single complaint wa reg
lis'ered with the commanding officer.
I never saw a higher type of manhood
jthan represented there. li is typical
jof both the army and the navy.
"ne always received a nearly greet
ing from the fighting men when we
entered the front line trenches with
our hot coffee end chocolate. The Y.
(Continued on paga three)
Two Submarines Were
Sunk Off Irish Coast
Toronto, Out.,' July 8. A Canadian
troop ship that was in the fleet of boats
wife re the British steamship Orissa was
attacked and sunk off the Irish coast,
brought word that two submarines were
suuk after the Orissa was torpedoed, ac
cording to disabled soldiers reaching
The ship on which the men were re
turning to Canada left England June
2-i and was the object of an attack by
two U-booats the following day.
Major George Washington, of Toion
to, declared the ship also was twice at
tacked by submarines on its way to Eng
land. NIHILISM STRIKES
Terror of Russian Bomb Op
posed to Terror of
By J. W. T. Mason
(United Press war expert)
New York, July 8. Nihilism has re
turned to Russia. The. assassination of
the German ambassador, Yon Mirbach,
at Moscow, is the beginning of Rus
sia's reawakening. ' '
The ame measures of desperate self
defense, enforced on. tha people by the
the absolutism of the Romanoffs, have
been called again into ' play by the
ruithlessness of German dictation to
ithe present Slav government. Russian
liberty, enmeshed by the Hohenzollcrn
militarists, is taking to 'bombing its
way to freedom. This new phase of the
revolution wag bound to occur sooner
or later. The people who risked their
lives uninterruptedly Ifor liberty under
Ithe czar are not of the breed to 'be
'cowed forever by German militarism.
Opposed to ithe .terror of the German
sword has come the terror of the Rus
sian bomb. Geiiifiany cannot destroy
this new enemity by force. Nihilism
flourishes best when efforts at its
'suppression are most relentless. It is
fitrange that the famous nihilist lead
ers have not gone into action against
the Germans before this. Butt, there
pratably has been some reluctance to
sot the terrorist bands at work anew
for fear they might interrupt the suc
cessful woikirig out elf the revolution.
Now, however, that German influ
ences are plainly seen to be insidi
ously trying to undermine the revolu
tion, there is no reason why nihilism
should not resume, its former policy of
meeting blood with Wood.
The Germans are placed in a very
difficult position 'by the ns?assination
of their ambassador. If they take no
measure of reprisal their prestige will
fall. If, on the other hand, they insist
on assuming control of the police de-
jipartmenrs of Moscow and Petrograd,
thoy will inevitably invito still oiOTe
'ferocious ibomlb attacks.
Sinking of Steamer
Will Be Investigated
Peoria, 111., July 8. Official investi
gation of the sinking early Saturday
of the excursion steamer Columbia, car
rying scores of pleasure seekers to
death, was under way here today.
Seventy three bodies have been re
covered. Between 20 and ,'i0 persons
were reported Missing. Aided by float
ing cranes, workers again attacked the
wrei-k . at daybreak.
Federal Steamboat Inspector R. V.
Downs, after questioning informally
tuo captain and members of the Co
lumbia's crew, saiil that nothing had
joen developed that indicated the ves
sel was in tad condition or that she
was incompetently handled.
League Gives Up Ghost
Portland, Or.,, July 8. The Pacific
Coast International league was a thing
jof 1918 history today, having ended its
i season at the mid-point. Wwindling
jgate receipts made baseball a losing
I'roptfMuun, aua ane ciuo presiuents
fhose the first opportunity to quit and
at the same time save their franchises
Seattle finished with a slight lead
over Portland with Aberdeen and
Vancouver (Wash.) trailing.
Spokane and Tacoma dropped out
some time a?o. Vancouver (B. .) left
a few weeks ago and was filled in by
the ''ornfoot Shipbuilding nine repre
senting .Vancouver, Wash.
HALF MiLUON MEN
i BATTLE Llf
This Will Be Size of Army In
Less Than Month Says
MUST BE SPEEDED UP
Military Authorities Do Not
Fear Talked of Ger-,
Washington, July 8. In month or
less General' Pershing will have more
than a half million men under hi9 di
rect coimmiand) on the west front Teady
'for the fighting dine, according to in
formation received by members of the
senate military affairs committee to
day. The 251,000 Americans now in the
fighting line, according to General
'March, chief of staff, do not include
'Americans brigaded with the British
and French. In addition to these, all
the troops ent over during June are
Still in training. There are nearly 300,
flOO of these, who by the first of Au
gust, will be ready for battle duty. '
The unprecedented speed with which
Americans have been ent across has
caused new efforts to speed up the ord
nance program, which naturally has
been unable to teeep pace with tlie ship
ment of troops. ,
Committee members said today the
'utmost confidence exists among Amer
ican military, officials that any new
push tha Germans attempt will be met
with even stiffer resistance than those
they have undertaken since March SI.
Only Raiding Activities
Washington, July 8. Raiding activ
ity in the Vosges Sunday was reported
toy General Pershing today.
Tha Germans were warned to be on
'the alert the Fourth, since the Ameri
'can were expected Ito take the offens
ive on Independence Day, Pershing re
ported. Vienna Admits Revsne
Vienna, via Loudon, July 8. A
strong Italian atta'.k in Albania has
forced the Austrian! .to withdraw
slightly, the Austrian war office an
"In ADbania the Italians strongly
attacked yesterday on the middle and
'lower Vojusa," the statement said.
' ' We withdrew to our main -pcitions
"in the valley."
Twelve Per Cent of Recruits
Rejected at Camp Lewis
Camp Lewis, July 8. Rejections for
the last diaft will 'total 12.2 per cent,
113:! being discharged out of 1.1,157
who reported, according to figures giv
en out here today.
Last of sufficient height and dis
eases of the ear were, the most fro
qucut causes of" rejection. New regu
lations in effect .Tune 15 call for a min
imum height of five fecit and three
inches and the regulation under which
tliemien were examined, shortly after
they returned their questionnaires was
five feet and one inch. '
ON FISHING TRIP
M CRESCENT LAKE
Leader of Republican Major
ity In Lower House Last
Bend, Or., July 8 Vei non A.. Forbes
republican leader of the Oregon house
during the past session, and Ralph
'Poindcxter, Bend druggist, 'were drown
ed iu Crecent lake, 05 miles south of
here yesterday, according to advices
The men were fishing in deep water
when the motor's weight caused their
boat to break in two.
Forbes (tame here in 1910 after grad
uating from the law school of Minne
sota university- He quickly gained
prominence and was elected to the
bouse as joint representative i rem the
SCHWAB IN LOS ANGELES.
Los Angeles, Cal., July 8. Charlci M.
Schwab, head of the Emerfcency Fleet
Corporation, arrived here today to eon
tinue his tonr of inspection of western
MADE BY ITALIANS
Austrians Have Been Pushed
Back Four Miles Further
VICTORY NOW COMPLETE
IS OFFICIAL REPORT
Australian Troops Have Mad
Further Advance On Both
Sides of Somme River
With the Italian Armies in the
Field, July 8. The latest Italian vic
tory pushed the Austrians back four
miles further from Venice, as the re
sult of one of the most sltufbbornly
fought actions cf the war, in the wet
triangles of dykes and mud filled ca
nals on tho lower Piave.
The Austrkuis had strongly fortified
every house, mill and infrequent dry
spot in this region. Italian artillery
material) elded in the victory by pre
venting the eneauy cringing up food
from the mainland- -
Thousands of soldiers fought in wa
ter up to their waists, often losing
their weapons and totitlin j liko primi
tive men, with their bands and teeth.
In many instances, Italian soldiers
with, vaulting poles leaped over the
wire erotanfjlouiient' in front of ma
chine guns and knifed, the Austrian
So far more than 1300 machine guns
and six trench mortals have been cap
tured. "Eneauy reconnoiteving parties on
tho Asiago plateau and north of Monte
Di Va'lbolln wero driven back," the,
Ita'ian war of Ci-ca announced today.
"Small action in the Grappa region
Saturday, gained ground.
"Nonth of Massif, prisoners "were
taken and two machine guns aud a
number of flama projectors were cap
"In the Col Oaprilo we extended
"Between the coast and the Toma
Riaa valley, the attack is prograssiiig.
We have taken 1050 prisoners."
TELLS OF LATEST ADVANCE
By William Philip Blmms
(United Press gtJtff correspondent)
With t.h Biiitiimh Armies in France,
.Tiv h Australians advanced along
the Somme last night on a 3000 yard
front to the depth ot a .third ot a nine,
repeating Sunday's coup when a bite
was taken out of German lines near
(Continued op page twoi
OF COUNTRY MEET
Annual Convention of Asso
ciation Now Being Held In
San Fi-aiicisco, July 8 -"Our busi
ness now and the business of advertis
ing now is winning the war."
That was tho declaration of P. S.
Florea, executive manager of the As
sociateil Advcrtif'in;; flubs of the
World, in hi annual report, and today
it re-ei-horjl throughout the proceedings
The convention held its formal ses
sion at 10 o'clock tins' morning when
President W. C. D'Ai'cy made the open
ing add rem, The remainder of the morn
ing was given over to the business of
winning the war, with W. II. Johns of
Now York, Paul E. Faust of Chicago, '
F. E. Stewart of Montreal', Canada, ('.
li. McCnulcy of New York and W. T.
Mullally of New Ycrk, ail representing
the cOTOiiii'titce on public 'information,
discussing the various ways in which
advertising can ht'V whip Germany.
This afternoon the big British tank
"Britannia," with the rime crew tha.t
piloted it over the battlefield of the
Soinrne, will head a military pageant,
the "convention's parade." One hun
dred' .delejmtes wilt carry a huge flag
up Market street, and 5000 of Uncle
Sam's fighters have been detailed to
places in the line of march. Late in the
aftcrnoen, departmental sessions will
begin, Blout fifteen separate divis-.
ional meetings being scheduled.
The content for selection of the next
convention city began with the arrival
of the bulk of the delegates early yes-terday.-and,
following the inspirational
meeting yesterday afternoon at me
Greek theater at Berke'ey, the contest
was on spiritedly. Charles M. Schwab
"boss shipbuilder," made the address
at yesterday's meeting.
New Orleans, St. Paul, New York and
Tulsa, OLIa., so far are the leading con
tenders for the 1919 convention.
OUTH OF PIAVE
Germans Will Deal
Harshly With Russ
For Killing Count
John Purroy Mitchell's
Funeral Next Thursday
New York, July 8. The body of Ma
jor John Purroy MLtehel, former may
or of New York, who was killed Sat
urday in an airplane accident at Lake
Charles, La., will arrive here tomorrow
morning and will be taken to the home
of. his mother. Wednesday it will lie
in gtate in tlie rotunda df the city hall.
The military funeral will be Thursday
morning and burial will be in the fam
ily plot at Woodlawn cemetery, with
funeral services at the Church of St.
The following honorary pall bearers
have beea named:
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt, Cleve
land H.t Dodue, Nieho:aa Murray But
ler. George W. Wickprfthftm. Jncrih TT.
Sehiff and Frank L. Polk.
UP TO CONGRESS
TO DECIDE FEDERAL
Strike Called by Union Oper
ators' President Has Been
Halted for Present
By L. O. Martin '
(United Pross Staff Correspondent)
Washington, July 8. Demands for im-
resolution empowering the president to
take over the telegraph and tolephone
lines wore voiced todu when the sen
ate met. (
Senator Smith, of Georgia, spoke in
favor of discharging tho inter-state com
merce commission from consideration of
tho resolution. This would bring tho
resolution directly to the senate.
Senator Smith of couth Carolina,
chairman of the interstate commerce
committee, may forestall Smith, how
ever, by having hig committee report
tho resolution today without recommen
dation. Smith, in summoning his com
mittee to nvet at 2 p. m. today, told
members lie sees no reason for holding
hearings and favors an immediate re
port. Smith found some support and much
opposition to his plan for an immed
iate report. Many committee inomlners
will demand exhaustive hearings.
Strikes in the southoast today had
not alarmed officials here. Both at the
labor department and Whitfl Houso con
fident belief was that President S. J.
Konenknmp of tho telegraphers union
would be able to keep his men in line
until tho government aeteel.
The situation was being watched
closely, however, and if a dangerous
condition arises tho president will seize
Senator PoniereaA of the senate inter
state commerce committee today assur
ed President Wilson that the senate
vote of 27 to 2(i in favor of a Hummer
adjournment Saturday night was in uo
sense a slap at th, administration.
With telegraphers ngroed to r.'iiinin
quiescent unl'l action lias been had by
the government, congress today agnin
considered tho wire bill authorizing the
presid,'iit to take over tho lines. Halt
ing of the scheduled strike was due to
urgent appeals sent President Konen
knmp of the wire men's union by Secre
tary of Lubor Wilson nml President
Goniprs of the American Federation of
Labor. They pledged that congress
would act on the bill soon.
The senate interstate commerce com
mittee proposed to start hearings early
(Continued on page two)
Draft Evaders Driven -
to Hills of Arkansas
Little Bock, Ark., July 8. Troops
froaii Camp Pike and county officers
were searching the hills of Cleburne
county, Aik., today for more than
twenty ollegedi draft evaders and
their friends, who cngsged yesterday
in a 'battle with the authorities near
Huber Hpringsi ijii which three men
Poiter Hazelwood. a deputy sheriff,
was killed when the ollege'd draft
evaders oened fire on a posse under
Sheriff K. W. Duke that had sur
rounded the henne cf Thomas Atkinson
Duke and his party retired to await
reinforcements. Later they returned
and a rfile battle ensued. Atkinson and
this son Tom, aged 18, were killed by
Ithe officer?. Others wero believed to
have been woamled.
The draft evaders scattered into the
hil'. Duke and a score of ilei uties,
alded by a detachment of soldiers, tooi;
up the chase toelay.
Will Demand Policing of Pe
trograd and Moscow
Japan WI Net Act Without
Consent cf United States
Allies Are Preparing to Act
aid WiH Probably Adopt
President Wilsons Plaa
Which Calls Only For Pro
tecting Force of Military
By Ralph H. Turner
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Tokio, July 8. After two weeks' n '
gotiatics here over the request of the
European allies that Japan intervene 1b
Siberia, it may be stated that Japan
will not consider intervention until the
United States Joins the other entente;
allies in the request, - -
It is generally believed that the Jap
anese government favors intervention
providod the United Statcn consents,
but the attitude of President Wilson on
the subject U thought to be unchanged.
By Joseph Shaplen
(United Press Staff Correspondent) '
Stockholm, July S.-ermany will de
mand the right to police Moscow and
Petrograd, under the guise of maintain
ing order, as the r.osult of the assassin
ation of Count Mirbach, German ambas
sador to Russia, according to informa
tion from diplomatic sources today.
The Germans, who charge that the
murder is the work of the entente, will
further demand free passage, of troops
to the Murman eoast by way of Petro
grad. The Russian inhabitants of that
region, in anticipation of Germal.
Finnjsh invasion, already hrve declared
their -allegiance to the allies and are
expected to join forces with tho allie4
troops guarding thrt supply base there.
Tho bolsheviki either will accede i
the German demands or will abdicate.
v luiiuii ain'Ju an jinn tj pi uuuuiUf
Premier Lenine is reported to have pre
pared an apology, which will be for
warded to Berlin at oneo.
Tho Bussian Baflic, fleet 's in peril of
capture unless the sailors blow up their
Russian social revolutionaries here be
lieve members of their party killed Mir
bach. They declare that terroristic plots
have been fornvd against Lenine, Trot
sky and all other bolshevik leaders.
Murder of Ambassador
London, July 8. Count Mirbach, Gor
ninn ambassador to Kus.-ia was murder
ed at 2 o'clock Saturday afternoon by
two unknown person who obtained en
trance to tho Oe'rmnn embassy by falfo
credentials, Premier Lenine informed
Adolph Jot'f.!, Russian ambassador to
Germany, according to a wireless dis
patch from Moscow today.
The assassin threw a bomb into the
room occupied by Mirbach, the message
said, infill ling wounds which resulted
iu the ambassador's death a few min
Itnprcr,'.'iitative8 of the bolshevik gov
ernment immediately visited the em
bassy and expressed their indignation
regarding the act. Steps aro being tak
en to discover tho assassins and the
(Continued on page two)
t Abe Martin $
Miss Babe Pash is uuderstudyia fer
Miss Opal Moots, optometrist at th
Monarch 5 an' 10-cent store. Mrs. Tip
ton Hud's niece, in her petition for a.
divorce, avers that U"r husband's brutal
ity first manifested itself about eight
miles this side o' Nigary Falls,
wiah pop r, ;wf