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FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 145
SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, JUNE 21, 1918
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. Jl . . . f
f JIS. . II rrl H VM..M. A A . E.J
AST II -'1 11 .77TTOVWr sFOII
u J II 10 U Ut UUUI
Win Great Victory by 1 H
ing Nerves'a, Oa West Bank
of Piave Austrians Being
Pushed Back to River With
View to Dividing Invading
iP P ArT I
rOrCelireai UllfliKlVP K
now woven mg railurc
All Along Battle Front
Italians Take Prisoners
London, June 21. (3:28 p. m.) Toe
Italians have gained a big victory at
Nervcca, on tie wjrt bank of the Pi
ave, and are fighting to complete their
success, it was learced from an author
itative source this afternoon.
(Nervesia. an Important railway cross
log, guards the southeastern approach
to Monti Ho crest, the keystone con
necting the rive:.1 and mountain line3.)
It was at this point that Premier
Ovlando admitted a considerable enemy
gain to toe Italian parliament last
night, the Austrians having crossed the
Montebolluna-Suseg'na railway at sev
The Italians have hurled the Aus
trians back at this point, reentering
the Neivesa.' They ate now battling to
push on to ths rivef, thus spliting the
enemy forces asain, and beginning the
first phase of a flanking movement
northwestward to cut off the Austrians
on Montello. An Italian rorce already
has divided the enemy forces a few
miles to the southward.
The Austrian drive so far is a coin--pleto
failure but they may make a
great effort tb retrieve their reverses.
They aie reported to have considerable
fortes in renjrve, the greater part of
them being in the mountains.
Premier Orlando infomed the c ha in
ner of deputies last night that the Aus
trians efforts to extend their positions
' ia the Montel!o r.-gion has teen frus
trated. The premier admitted that the ene
my had suceeied In crossing the Mon-tobelluna-SuSag&na
railway at several
points south of Mont-.Uo but had been
prevented from advancing any dis
Italian forces gained more ground
(Continued oa page two)
Oregon Drought Records
Broken This Summsr
Portland, Or., June 21. All
Oregon drought records for the
period f.om April 1 to June 20
have been brnKeu.
The rotwdlj of the United
States weather bureau show
that only 2.63 iiK'hes of ain
fell since April 1, and only .12
inch since June 1.
Meteorologist Wei's predict-"
ed a generous rain before the
end of the wek.
Crops have stopped growing
and are suffering heavily.
100,000 Workers In
Airplane Factory Strike
Zurich, June 21. Strikes following
tho recent bread riots, are spreading
throughout the Vienna district, accord
ing to dispatches reecived here today.
More than 100,000 workers are report
ed on strike in the Warschalowsky air
plane factory and the Vulcan arsenal.
RiotB are said to have occurred in Fa
.voritem, Margarethen, Ottakring and
Brigittenay, all suburbs of Vienna.
Police Charge Strikers.
Paris, June 21. Fifty thousand dem
onstrators who marched through the
streets of Vienna Thursday night, shout
ing "peace! bread!" and pillaging
shops, were charged by the police with
drawn sabers, according to a
dispatch to the Journal today. Many of
the civilians were injured.
Fed on Promises
Amsterdam, June 21. Premier Von
fieydler, addressing Austrian -newspaper
men, said Germany had agreed to send
grain into Austria and that some was
already en route, according to advices
received here today Hungary is sending
potatoes, he Mid.
OF RUSSIAN POLICY
-Some Members Are In Favor
By L. C. Martin
(tTntted Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington, June 21. Congress is
about to demand a new statement of
poliey from the administration with re
gard to Russia.
Backed by a growing sentiment for a
Siberian offensive to- save Russia cv.cn
against her will from German penetra
tion, members favoring American-Japanese
co-operution in Siberia will intro
duce a senate resolution aiming to force
from the president some definite ex
planation of this government's stand.
The sole purpose of this measure will
be to get from the president answers
to thcS(, questions:
Is the United States keeping Japan
out of Siberia?
"nat do r ranee, Italy and England
think of Japanese intervention!
I Has this government any good reason
for further "watchful waiting" ou the
Russian question! -
rhere is no general criticism of the
governmeut's present policy but there
is a great desire tor information. Con
gress would be satisfied to get this in
formation privately, if publicity at this
time would be inadvisable.
Hearty approval probably will be giv-
eu to the Hitchcock amendment to the
army bill removing the alien enemy
taint from Jugo-Slav subjects of Aus
tria in this country by allowing them to
enlist ia 'le American army.
This amendment, with President Wil
son's approval is held a strong offen
sive move against Austria.
Th Russian, Jugo-Slav aud Turkish
Bulgarian questions ar all engrossing
to congress. A careiul canvass of both
houses today disclosed that if congress
were acting right now on its own in
formation and according to its own in
clination, it would at once:
Declare war on-Turkey and Bulgaria.
Declare for giving "Japan a free hand
in Siberia i'or purposes of an offensive
against Germany. Put all Jugo-Slav,
Czecho slovaks and Poles in this coun
try in the friendly alien class, to make
them available as American soldiers "anil
increase Austria's troubles.
Tells How Tillers of the Soil
Are Helping to Defeat
Dubuque, Iowa, June 21. "Bettet
that America gloriously fall, fighting
for freedom with great England, hero
ic France, Italy and Belgium, and thai
ir pass from the pages of history, than
see it survive in the greatest eaBe and
luxury, submissive in any respuct to the
dictation of Germany."
Tins was the declaration here today
of Secretary of Agiieulturc Houston
before the state convention of the Iowa
Bankers' association, in delivering a
stem iitdietinent of Germany.
American farmers, he said, have risen
nibiy to their task, and tho nation's
crops this year will insure against al
lied failure through food lack.
Besides the present prospect of bet
ter than a 930,000,000 bushels wheat
output, he said, the rye crop now prom
ises to exceed its former high year by
11,000,000 bushels, more than double the
peace time output.
1'iouuction of barley, he said, will be
increased to 26,000,000 bushels and the
iints crop will equal its record.
lie warned farmers that "it would
I ? highly unfortunate to regard the pro
mise for th? future as any warrant
whatever for relaxation of effort both
for greater productian and conservation
"There will bp a continuing need for
large supplies of food, clothing and
feed products, not only for our own
population, but also for the allies, and
there is every indication that the con
ditions will result in fair prices to the
farmers, whether war continues or
"For even if peace should come," he
said, "stricken Europe will for a time
look to this country not only for large
supplies of food, but w'" especially seek
here large numbers of livestock with
which to replenish their depleted
Houston appealed to the bankers and
businessmen to 'be alive to their ob
ligations to aid the farmer in ready ex
i tension of farm eredits and supplying
of e;ty labor lor harvesting,
WILL NOT INDORSE FORD.
Xpw York. Jun. 21. The republican
organization of Michigan will not en
dorse the senatorial cancuaacy or nenry
Ford, according to a statement made
here by John L. Magnum, chairman Ol
the Michigan state committee.
AMERICAN PLANES !
WILL CROSS OCEAN
of Big Bombing Ma
chines Will Proceed to
Europe by Air
Washington, June 21. American
aeroplanes, equipped with Rolls-Royce
engines and piloted by aviators of the
allied nations,' will cross the Atlantic
within three months, Major General W.
Brauker, of the Royal Air force, declar
ed today. The flight, General Branker
stated, probably would be mad? from
Newfoundland to Portugal, via the
Azores. Seven hundred aud fifty horse
power airplanes carrying crews of three
or four men will be used.
In discussing the proposed flights
General Blanker declared that the mat
ter had been brought to the attention
of the war and navy departments aud
that this government was in favor of
"Once this enterprise has been estab
lished," General Blanker said, "Amer
ica's output of big bombing machines
can proceed to Europe by air and so
save shipping that is so invaluable for
"This may seem a wild statement
But in 1914 the flight of the English
channel was considered a wonderful and
Flying nt the rate cf 85 miles an hour
a conservative speed, not taking into
consideration favorable, winds, airplanes
can reach the Azores in less than forty
hours, according to calculations of fly
ing experts, General Blanker stated.
The trip from the Azores to Portugal
about 800 miles would be a compara
tively simple matter after tliat.
. From Portugal the planes can easily
(Continued on pag5 two'
Another Prison Trusty
Tired of Dull Routine,
Walks Away Unhindered
Another trusty, weary of prison life,
walked out of tho prison yesterday even
ing and is' still at large. Joe Schiirin,
the trusty alluded to, is apparently a
confessed criminal. He was sent up from
Multnomah county in 1911, and after
serving some thrrc was paroled. Ho fnil
e,l to change his habits and did time in
the Washington prison at Walla Walla.
When h? finished his time there he was
brought back to Salem and later paroled
again. This time he went to California
where he was arrested for carrying a
ijjn and a mask and was again returned
to the prison here. He was agaiti shown
some leniency and was ploced in the
fusiv class. He showed his appiecia
t;on of kindness by walking away Inst
iiit?ht jitsi before the dinner hour.
Schurir. Is not considered a dangerous
criminal, his line being anything to get
the money without working for it. He
is a Hungarian and speaks brokenly,
but U a crook of more than ordinary
cleverness, has a pleasing manner and
makes friends fdsily. At the time ot Ins
escape he wor, a light gray suit and
had doth a hat nnd faP- fle 's 5
feet 3 inches tall, wciglu about 13"
pound;1, medium complexion, dark hair
and is f'toht oi build. Among the. iden
tification marks are tatfoo designs on
both forearms, a woman's head and
flowers ou the right arm and a dagger
clasped in a l-.rnd on the left arni-
FOE SPECIAL TRAINING.
' Washington, June 21 Provost
Marshal General Crowder, today
issued a call of 8,976 draft reg-
istrants qualified for military
service and who have received
at least a grammar school edu-
The men will be sent to tech-
nical schools for special train-
ing and then will be placed in
special branches of the service.
The men are to entrain July
15, The list of stae quotas an-
nouned did not include any of
the Pacific coast states.
Expert Cjnircl Board
For National Railroads
Washington, June 21. The railroad
administration late yesterday announc
ed the creation of an export control
The personnel will be Major General
G. W. Goethals, representing the war
department; near Admiral C. J. Peo
ples, representing the navy; George D.
Ugdea, representing the railroad ad'
ministration; P. A. 8. Franklin, for
the shipping board, end D. W. Cooke
for traffic executives controlling al
The committee will liave complete
control of freight for overseas ship
ment whether for use of the war or
navv departments or the allied gov-
.ernments. Upon it will rest the resiMin-
aibility for distribution of all exports
and the faealitation or freight move
meat when consigned for trans-Atlan
MEN ENGAGED IN USELESS
TASKS MUST WORK OR EIGHT
SAYS GENERAL CROWDER
"Work or Rght" Order Issued
by Provost Marshal
Washington, June 1. Provost Mar
shal General Crowder today ruled that
men of draft age engaged in games of
all kinds, wbrkingas domestic servants
elevator men, bell boys, waiters and
like occupations, shall seek other em
ployment by July 1.
It was stated that nothing whatever
would be done in regard to professional
baseball players, however, until a spe
cific case is presented.
Public and private chauffeurs will not
be considered as engaged in non-essential
work, according to the regulations,
but footmen aud others will have to go.
Hotel cooks, clerks and managers arc
not included, but bar boys, bus boys,
and waiters will have to seek other em
ployment, as well as porters uuless it
cau bp shown that tho work is too heavy
to be performed by women.
The United States employment ser
vice is designated to Co-operate with lo
cal and district boards in the placing of
th large number of workers who will
be shifted to essential employment.
The provisions of the order are very
elastic and boards are Instructed fo con
I War Summary of United Press i
1419ih Day of the War; 93rd Day of the Big Offensive
Italian front Tho battle is contin
uing along the whole Piave river line.
with the Italians taking the initiative
at most points.
A large portion. oCi.'i.fllH. Austrian
on the west bank, are still trapped by
the flooded river, although they have
succeeded in bridging the stieain in
the marshy region near the tea.
Italians are using cavalry detach
ments in the river areas with consid
Hindenburg ami Ludendorff. who
are reported to have made a flying
trip to the Italian rroiu, are believed
to have advocated a resumption of the
dnvo southward from the Venetina
Picardy frcnl American troops cap
tured German trenches and destroyed
enemy machine gun nests east of Can
british made successful raids on the
northern portion of the front.
Marne front French improved their
positions near Faverolles and Hautes
TOTAL OFDEATHS 29
One .Portland Man With
Marines Reported Among
Washington, June 21. Marine casual
ties announced today totalled 127, div-.;
ided as follows:
Killed in action, 10; died of wounds
19; severely wounded, 98.
The list includes:
Killed in action:
Privates J. McLean, Pearl, Idaho.
E. W. Wempner, London,I d.
1). S. Graham, Chesholm, Minn.
L. E. Lee, Nashville, Tenu.
B. A. Mattingly, Cape Girardeau, Mo.
P.'L. Albert, Brooklyn, N. Y.
A. B. Sawyer, Key West, Fla.
' Sergeants J. Grant, Mars Hill, Mc.
V. M. Hchwsb, St. Louis, Mo,
Corporal W. Parinslcy, Newton, Iowa.
Died of wounds:
Privates R. M. Cannon, Westminister,
J. L. Orr, Matthews, N. C.
I. M. Bain.ster, Dryden, Mich.
8. I). Carpenter, Pitsburgh, Pa.
A. D. Himms, Memphis, Tenn.
8. D. Shanafelt, Siguniey, Iowa.
B. L. Brainerd, Oalitabula, O.
J. J. Joehum, Dubuque, Iowa.
C. H. Carey, Salem, Ohio.
A. B. Ellis, Hyanis, Mass.
G. R. Gerard, North Nashville, Tenn.
R. W. Smith, Canajoharie, N, Y.
R. Cooke, Boston, Mass.
D. M. Blankinship, Rome, Ga.
F. F. Schlieman, Rochester, N. Y.
F. T. Quinlan, Manistique, Mich.
B. W. Evans, Beloit, Kan
J. T. O Toole, hicago.
H. H. Benninger, St. Louis, Mo.
J. E. McClure, Hacker- Valley, W. Ya.
(Continued oa page two;
sider all cases "with sympathy aud
common sense." ,
"The regulations further provide"
says the explanation handed down,
"that sales clerks and other clerks em
ployed in stores and other mercantile
establishments are engaged in non-productive
employments, but this does not
include store executives, managers, sup
erintendents nor the heads of such de
partments as accounting, financial, ad
vertising, credit, purchasing, delivery,
receiving shipping and other depart
ments does not include registered phar
macists employed in wholesale, and re
tail drug stores or establishments; does
uot include traveling salesmen, buyers
or delivery drivers; electricians, engin-
eer carpet layers, upholsterers, nor
anyemployes doing heavy work ouiside
the ustal duties of clerks.
"However, sales elorks and other
clerks' include the elenca. force in the
offices and all departments of stones
and mercantile establishments. - The
words 'stores and other mercantile es
tablishments' include both wholesale
and retail stores and mercaniil,, estab
lishments engaged in selling' goods and
Touching on the question of whether
or not ,nc theatrical profession includes
baseball and baseball player the ex
planations simply reiterate the or'ginul
(Continued oa page two)
Flanders fiont Several German
raids were repulsed northwest- of Mor
ris. Lonaino front-Thore wore unusu
ally heavy artillery duels on tho Am
erican sector !at night. The Germans
fired 0000 shells north of Tornl aloue-
Austria-Hungary Military police at
tacked with saihers 50,000 demonstrat
ors in Vicuna, who paraded tho streets
shouting for food and peace, and pil
Denmark Two German deserters
who fled from a base near Berlin in an
airplane arrived at Copenhagen and
were interned. Two otheri who left
at the same time were shot down by
German warships off tlio Swedish
Rome, June 21. American aviators,
making their first flight on the Ital
ian front yesterduy, blew up a bridge
the Austrians had just thrown across
the Piave, dispatches ram Italian head
quartern 'announced today.
WITH HOME RULE
IN IRISH POLICY
Government Lays Failure of
Both Schemes to Sinn Fein
ers and Catholics
By Webb Miller
(United 1'iess Staff Correspondent)
London, June 21. That conscription
has been abandoned tn Ireland and
that Irish home rule is dead for the dur
ation of the war, is general view result
ing froi.i Lord C'urzon's speech.
Tne president of the privy council
said that tne discovery of the Sinn Fein
pk't, Mj;elher with Catholic hierarchy's
advice to the people to resist conscrip
ticn iiac'er penalty of eternal damn
nticn, had niteied the situation since
tho government endorsed home rule and
A severe policy toward the disorders
oceurriug throughout Ireland is esprei
ed to follow the new course. It is pre
dicted that mot of the island will be
placed under martial law if the disor
VhePot ays that surrender of its
policies will hardly make the govern
meat position in Ireland easier.
RETIREMENT OP VOLUNTEERS
Washington, June 21. The senates
yesterday by a vote of 30 to 26 paes
cd a bill creating a retired list of civil
war volunteer officers. The bill pro
vides pensions based on rank and ser
vice, the maximum being fixed at
three quarters pay of an army captain
today. Approximately 7000 men will be
affected fcy the bill and the cost to
the government for the first year is
estimated at 5,000000.
What's happened to Gutzon BorgluuiT
PRICE OF WHEAT
MAY BE INCREASED
dv rnnn m
Higher Freight Rates and
.Increased tost of Produc
tion Given As Reason
Washington, June 21. Increase in the
rricc of wheat to meet higher freight
latcs and increased production costs is
under consideration by the food admin-
stration, it was learned officially today.
This U'" the first time deviation from
the fixed $2.20 wheat price . has ' re
ceived serious attention from food Ad
ministrator Hoover. It follows protests
from farmers who faced losses of one
to four .cents a bushel on wheat because
of tho proposed 25 per cent increase in
freight rates which will effect the en
tire wheat belt.-increases, if granted,
will bn reflected in a 35 to 50 cents
increase per barrel in flout.
Hoover, has long hoped that higher
wheat prices would be unnecessary. Far
mers planted record acreage on the
$2.20 wheat price amendment peuding
in congress, but not- passed.
The basic. f2.20 price will not be
changed even sow, it is officially indi
cated. But farmers, held to a fixed price
will be protected against a freight rate
incrcsse which they otherwise have to
The differentials io various markets
will be adjusted to meet the increased
freight rate, A slight additional margin
also mav be allowed to cover increased
threshing costs. There is no possibility,
however, of 12.00 wheat, it is officially
Montana farmers haw protested to
Hoover, asking for an increase to cover
the additionay four cents a bushel
freight rate to Minneapolis they will
have to pay under the' new schedule,
. Rates from Kansas City to New York
will Increase about 35 cents it is esti
mated, which must be borne by eastern
Officials are working out proper in
creases in conjunction with the railroad
Past Year Shows Wonderful
Increase In Business
A statement issued, by the State In
dustrial Accident Commission coinpar
ing the year ending May 31, last, with
the preceding year shows the great 1U'
crease in the amount of work. handled
by the commission, resulting from the
larger number of firms deciding to
operate under the protection of th
Workmen's Compensation law aud the
greater activity in certain occupations
occasioned by war conditions.
During the vcar ending May 31, 1917,
thero were reported to the commission a
total of 11,701 accidents, of which H'A
were fatal, while during the past year
(Continued on page two)
TODAY IN THE GREAT WAR
A year ago The French cap-
tured the west end of tho Client-
in-Des-Dames and gained in the
The Russian pan-soviet voted
for resumption of tho Russian
Two years atfo Russias cross-
ed the Styr river but were driv-
en back with tb loss of 1,000
Tho French repulsed Gormun
attacks on both sides of tho
Meuse aud in tho Verdun sec-
Thre years ago The Austro-
Germans had Lcnibcrg hemmed
in on three sides. The civilians
. exodus from the city began.
, Freuch took German trenches
north of Arras in bayonet at-
tacks aud made slight gains iu
Lorraine and the Vosges.
G. A. SteeL cf Portland,
Oregon Pioneer, 72, Dead
Portland, Or., Juno 21. George A.,
Steel, Portland pioneer, died at the
Oood Hamaritan hospital yesterday,
after a critical illness of eight weeks'
Mr. Steel served ono term as state
treasurer in the earlier days, served
twice as postmaster of Portland, and
was the Guilder of the first electric
fine in the eity.
He was born at Stafford. O., April
22, ltoft, and attained the age of 72
years. Mr. Steel's wife died eight
A brother, William G. Steel, is super
intendent of the Crater Lako National
38 MILE FRONT
Troops and Munitions Going
Over-Sea Faster Than
GERMANS BOMBARD '
At End of Three Months Ger
man Of ensive In Yest
Front Far From Success
Washington, June 21. American sol.
dierg now hold 38 miles of trenches la
France, members of the house military
committee leam,od at the war depart
Trooo movements hava town kaat m
despite the necessity of shinnins in.
creased supplies, because ships hava
ooen run on ecneauie or better, the
cenunittee ws told.
The committee aise tacmvmI
aging figures on production on machine
suna ana smaii arms ammunition. One .
month's production of thirty caliber
ammunition amounted to 205,000,000
The west front o&ttla Una from th
North sea to Switzerland tnrlav la
(about 485 mit. The Americans there-
ioie are holding nightly less than one
twelfth of the whole line today.
Considerable addition to the 38 mile
front held by Americans is in prospect
soon, committee memDers learned.
Ey the first of next rear, the com
mittee was told, this country will
have enough men In Europe to hold its.-'
share of the western front "firm as
rock" and from that point will begin
the campaign that ia to carry American
l-ni -1 1 1 ,i f 4n .IA a.n. v.nM mm,, nn n n
wuaHv vv v vvuv uuu-yvuiuauuil
forces across the Rhine,
The UBual proportion is sixty per cent
troops. This 60 per cent ratio has been
exceeded, makinar a vast ma tori tv of
the American forces fighting men.
By Frank J. Taylor
(United Press staff corresiKindent)
With the American Army in Lor
raine, June 21. There was unusually
heavy artillery fighting north of Toul
last night, the Germans throwing over
Boche' artillery was elso busy in
other Lorraine . sectors, using large
quantities of gns.
The German official repcrt cf a sne
cessful attack on Seiche, rey is a lio.
Thero was no raid. The only one the
Huns even attempted died aborning.
German patrols Suffer
Washington, Juno 21. Gorman pa
trols suffered considerable losses from
AinorLcun machine gun Tiro in the re
gion of Chatcmi Thierry and the Woev
re yesterday, General Pershing's com
munique said today.
" Patrolling has again been especial
ly active. Northwest of Chateau-Thierry
and in tho Woevro, hostile patrols
suffered K'on side ruble josses in patrol
encounters and from our machine gun
fire. Artillery fighting continues ia
(Continued on page three)
VON BETHMANN-HOLLWEO ILL
Anisrefdujii, June 21. No hope is
held for the recovery of Dr. Theobald
Von Bethmann-HoUwcg, former Ger
man chancellor, aerioaisly ill at Hohen
lowc, following a stroke of apoplexy,
according to rcpcnts received here.
Abe Martin t
Tlier's three kinds o' timer sua time,
clock time and wrist watch time, One
e' th' mysteries o' this life is how a
feller becomes an obe player. Criticlsin
th' government is as ole as croquet. ,