Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (June 18, 1918)
(ii.OOO READERS) DAILY
Only Circulation in Salem Guar
anteed by the Audit Bureau of
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEWS SEE VIDE
To 6- A hoy J
-t - -a r
fair; warmer Wed
if. . K" a: !
FORTY-FIRT YEAR NO. 142
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, JUNE 18, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRACTS AND NEWS
STANDS FIVE CENTS
11 kite i ffirtr bn
i n till n i i v irvm nu i
Jir a si II
HiULjaUim ML JUUUUL
rrjrt - V ' " v r
Austrians Advance Three
Miles On Fifteen Mile Front
-Full Force of Drive Heads
Toward Venice, and Flank
ing Move Is Latest Attempt
-Italians Still Confident
Line Will Hold Against
London, June 18. The Austrian
nave driven forward again at the ex
treme ends of the Piave line and men-see-
both Italian flanks in the river
Teg-ion, it was learned authoritatively
At, Montello the enemy has advanced
four miles and occupied two-thirds of
the high ground. If the occupation of
the crest is completed, it is feared the
Austrian might turn the whole Piave
line, but the Italians are confident they
can avoid this danger.
In the marsh land on the lower Pia
the Austrian have advanced on the
fifteen n.'Ip- front between Zen'son and
the sea to the depth of tirec. wiles, at
several points. This thrnst is a djrect
move upon Venice. . j.r' - ,. -
Austrian Tell of Success
Vienna, via IondonT June 18. Thir
ty thousand prisoners have been taken
in the Austrian offensive against Italy,
the war offiee announced today.
The Austrian south wing has reached
the Fossctta canal.
The Fcssetta ..canal runs f rom the
Piave river, near Fosnlta, southwest
ward to the Sile river, joining the lat
ter at pi:nt about ten miles northeast
The statement failed to reveal which
portion of the canal had been reached.
An earlier dispatch from London de
dared it had been learned from v an
authoritative source that the Austrians
bad advanced three miles in this region,
penetrating the Italians' second lines.
Such an advance would enable the
enemy to arrive at the canal half way
between the Piave and the Sile, about
fifteen miles from Venice.
IN ALBERT SECTOR
British Cruiser Torpedoed
and bunk With Loss
London, . June 18-'Br!tish troops
eonuuetea successful raids southwest of
Albert and in the neighborhood of
HI Ml II T1 . . .
jiinveuupviiie, .field Marshal Haig re
ported today.' ; ;
"Patrol encounters east of thP Niep
lie forest resulted in capture of pris
oners and machine nuns.
"Hostile artillery was active in the
Ancre, south ot Albert and west of Set
"Southeast of Vilelrs Bretonneui
a hostile raiding party was repulsed
Jiisr mgnt. A tew prisoners were taken
Cruiser Torpedoed ' '
London. Jllflp 1ft. The armful tnAi
rnutilfl cruirer Patria was torpedoed and
sunk June 13. the admiralty finnnnne-
ed today. One officer and 15 men were
drowned, - t , 5
There are five steamers narr.-d Patria
listed in Lloyds ch vessel
1IS85 tnna T,itl. o 1
, . , .law, ui . rvv
tons, a Swedish vessel of 1,220 tons and
smaller Kussian ana rortuguese ships.
Naval Aviaaen Busy.
London, Jur.r 18. British naval avia
.tors dropped 24 tons of bombs on Zee
bnigge, Ostend and Bruges, '"'with good
results" between June 13 and 16, the
admiralty announced today. One British
plane tailed to return.
. . i Died With Canadian
'. Ottowa, Ont., June 18. Todav's Can
aiiiin casualty list contains the name of
A C. McKinley, Alameda, Cal., died
:: OFF VIRGINIA
is IS LATEST REPORT
F$ ' Department However,
fuses to Confirm Report
brought to New York-
New York, June 18. A German sub
marine was sunk by an American sub
marine off the Virginia Lapes last Fri
day morning, according to a story told
here today by persens arriving on a
steamer, from Cuba, fhese asserted
that the details wre obtained from of
ficers, of the American submersible,
who exchanged, greetings with officers
of the liner not far from New York.
while the United States submarine was
taking supplies from a mother ship.
The story told is as follows:
Last Friday mcrning the American
sighted a big German U-boat with two
deck guns, hvidently the German fail
ed to ?iot the American, which sub
merged and fired a torpedo. A great
conclusion resulted and the American,
emerging, could see nothing of the
German, bnt oil and wreckage Tore ob
served on the water.
Names of the naval officers alleged
to have sponsored this account were
Department Hag Not Heard
Washington, June 18 The navy de
partment deelared today it hanl no con-
fimiatica of reports brought in by pas-
singers, aboard a Cuban liner that an
(Continued on page iia.) ,
IS PARAMOUNT ISSUE
ON ITALIAN FRONT
Crossing of Rave River, Most
Difficult Task, Is Already
By J. W. T. Mason
(United Press War Expert)
New York, Junt 18. Austria-Hun
gary ' offensive against the Italians is
being narrowed so as to form a con
certed assault against thJ roads leading
Along the northern part of the front
tilt farthest removed from Veuice, the
iillied troops are holding their own
against attacks that are now dying
down. The Piave river, however, which
is the first defensive lin protecting
Venice, has been crossed, at several
places and fighting is proceeding in
the plains leading to the Venetian low
lands. The safety of Venice is now in
flie balance; but the Italians still have
time ,to check the enemy before Venice
falls within normal artilelry range of
the enemy. .
The fighting for Venice is proceeding
in difficult territory for military man
euvers. It is close to the Gulf of Ven-
icB and flanking movements by either
Austrian nr Italians miH.t well drive
ii. -.1 !!.. .1. i i -i i. j. i
ine OLiurr iuiu iu wuier. a i-uecn. lie-
livered by the Italians under the pre-;0
.ont unnditim,. wmilH hv sneeinllv
depressing effect on the Austro-Hungar-
ians, because the crossing ot the Piave
rivei, already accomplished, has been
considered the hardest problem of an
offenshe drive toward Venice.
Reports that German troops are be
ing sent to assist the Austro-Hungarians
may vcli be believed. Having risked
so much by ordering an offensive by the
(Continued on page two)
A feller kin breathe easier in a dry
town 'specially around his wife. Th'
honeymoa is a thing o' th past whea.wno B4Ve fBiiea t0 purchase eveo one
th' husband trades his roadster in on' ,
a five-passenger car. . . (Continued oa page two) s
uKlAI ViAK Luddi
IS UNCOVERED AT
Effort to Control Government
Contracts Fill Be Stern
. ly Prosecuted ,
PAPERS ARE SIEZED
AND ARRESTS MADE
Department of Justice Strikes
Swift Blow at Profiteer
Washington, June 18. A sensational
blow' by the department of justice has
disclosed the presence here of a great
war orders loooy, witn connection thru.
out thi! nation and controlled by a
Army and navy 'departments, the war
industries board and the national de
fense council today are turning the
searchlight on their departments to de
termine whether any officer may have
Sauls in many big cities returned a
mas of evidence, officials say show ex
istence of a conspiracy between manu
facturers and the 'percentage brokers"
John Fleming, John P. Cavanaugh,
Eugene Sullivan and Joseph Kohu, all
of Boston, who officials say arc the
brains of the "brokers' trust", are
und.;r indictment here.
At the war industries board today
following a conference of all the de
partment chiefs, it was stated that the
new none -buying system now instituted
to insure direct purchasing between the
government -and manufacturers, will
souftd the- death knell of broker lobbies
ia Washington. '" " -' ,'
Seized documents revealed in 'some
cases, contingent fee extortion as high
as' 20 per cent. "
A special, "graft proof " clause to be
inserted in all future government con
tracts was sent by the justice depart
(Ooutinuod on page two).
SCHOOL DIRECTORS TO
IN MARION COUNTY
uperintendent. Smith Is Or
ganizing Campaign As
Thft chairman of every school district
in Marion county will receive a lett-r
today with the information that he is I
. , , . -----
organize Ins committee to make a
personal canvass of a selected list of
residents in his district on June 24 and
25, for the War Savings Stamps cam
paign. . The-Jetter wiil come from W. M.
Smith, chairman of the Marion county
executive committee for'the War Sav
ings Stamp campaign to be put on in the
county for the week beginning June
24, and closing with a rally at the dis
trict school bouse on the evening of
Friday, June 28.
It is the intention of the treasury de
partment that every citizen not only in
Marion county, but in the entire Unit
ed States be given an opportunity to
subscribe for the War Savings Stamps
In the cities, special committees will
be appointed, but to care for the rural
districts, the board of school directors
of each district has been called on to
do its duty and organize the district
and to also see that f.very person in
the district has been solicited.
On the evening of Friday June 28
a mass meeting of the people of each ru
ral district will be called at the district
school house, where will b presented
the names of those who have subscribed
by means of the pledge cards.
There will be no canvass for Thrift
Stamps. It is War Savings Stamps it
to each that will be sold and the pledge
eard will" show the cost of the $5 stamp
for eaeh month and the amount sub
scribed. In Jun the to War Saving Stamp
can be bought for M.17 and the 'cost
advances one cent each month until in
December, it will cost 44.23.
At the meetings to fce held during the
week beginning June ?4, the committees
do not ask for money.; They present the
pledge card whereon is named the place
where the War Savings Stamp will bv
Mr.lii.Stnra will nu nntv t urn.-lln.l
-uv ha ile&ra card.. bn( alu 'itlffa
velinw ri , ai,:.k t rrt
War Summary of
1416th Day of the War; 90th Day of the Big Offensive
Italian front The Austrian drive,
already apparently stopped in quicker
time than any majcr offensive of the
war, is beginning to take the aspect of
a crushing enemy defeat.'
Hurled back by a combined British,
French and ltHan counter offensive
ia the mountain region, on the north,
the Austrians have quit there, at least
for the present. They have also failed
to press their initial advantage at
Montello, the important crest at the
juncture of the mountain and river
After crossing the Piave at several
places, the Austrians have not succeed
ed in pushing more than a mile or two
westward. And the Bonie official re
port issued at midnight showed that
the Italians already have inaugurated
a successful counter offensive on the
southern portion of the river egion.
Kmpeor Karl, who is at Austrian
headquarters, just back of the Asiago
plateau,, has thrown the entire offens
ive strength of his armies into this
An Amsterdam dispatch said
WAR COMES HOME TO SALEM
Fruit Crop Can Only Be Taken
Care of If Volunteers
The war is carried home to Salem.
Devastation threatens the entire valley.
Unless the present crisis is met and at
once by the united effort of the entire
citizenry, millions of dollars worth qf
valuable property will be destroyed,
and the equivalent of a German vic
tory will bo celebrated in the streets
of Berlin. ..
' Half the business" interests ia '.the
immediate vicinity of Salem producing,
manufacturing and merchandise fcre
facing bankruptcy becauso of condi
tions imposed on them by the war.
What if all means is that the valley
is feeling the most critical1 and terrible
labor shortage in its history. Bumper
crops Of fruit, 75 per cent of which is
destined for the stomachrj of the sol
dier' boys will rot on the vines unless
rescue comes from the voluntary en
listment of large bodies of citizens in
the wo;'li of harvesting, thu same. In
spite of efforts made for the last
month by various agencies in and
about the city and county, there re
mains today an appalling situation In
regard lo the labor neccsnary to bring
in the crops.
There is no solution in Bight except
the willingness of the citizens generally
to take on the burden. This fact was
brought ott into clear relief at a meet
ing held at the Commercial Club yes
terday afternoon, of the growers and
manufacturers of fruit products. Only
j, meager percentage bf the labor de
manded is found to be available. Man
power is exhausted and it is smash up
WESTERN UNION DECLINES
SURRENDER TO UNION
President of Company Sees
Bold Plan of Unionism to
New York, June 18 President New
comb Carlton of the Western Union
Telegraph company, in a letter to Pres
ident Wilson, made public today, vir
tually declined to accept the ruling of
the war labor board in the dispute be
tween the company aud the Commer
cial Telegraphers Union of Anv.rica, as
V Sawnulln Olympics
Portland, Or., June 18. Work is go
ing forward rapidly in preparation for
thy great government saw mill an
nounced in-Seattle dispatches of Junf
11. The mill, which is a part of thf
government's spruce production cam
paign, will have daily capacity of f
million feet. It will bo located in the
Olympic peninsula near Beaver.
The contract already has been award
ed to Siems, Carry H. S. Kerbaugh, cor
poration of St. Paul, Minn.
This will be the largest sawmill in th'
Pacific coast and probably the second
largest in the United States.
Ari-attle firm has been awarded a
contract to transport two thousand tons
of tracks, trailers ftjsOi hesTV machinery
to the site at once so that loggina may
heirin immediately. Later a railroad
spur will be constructed to the site,
I The mill will begin work, it if plan-
aed by October first, 1919.
are cooperating with
Marne front Only raiding opera
tions were reported by the French war
Picardy front British troops made
successful raids in the Amiens aud Al
Flanders front German prisoners
were taken in patrol encounters on the
western portion of the front.
Lorraino front Some Americans
were captured in a German raid south
east of Luneville, Aonday night.
Italy Premier Orlando, addressing
the chamber of deputies, declared that
"annihilation of the Itnliaa people is
preferable to a dishonorable peace."
England The mercantile cruiser Pa
tria was submarined Thursday with
the loss of 16 lives.
to the women and children of the city
to step into the breach.
To save the crops for the boys Is
such a wnr measure as has not yet
been before -this community. It is es
sentially cur problem. It must be met,
and met by those to whom the amount
earned by picking will be no induce
ment. Every available man, woman
and child over 13 or 14, is urged to
waste no time in signing up at Govern
ment Labor hcudquarters, 385 Stato
street, for whatever labor they arc
able to give.
In addition thereto, at least 50 auto
mobiles etc wanted to take parties of
pickers out in the morning and bring
them back at night. These also may be
listed at 385 State - There is also re
quired the, use of as many tents for
camping parties as are to bo Lad in
A meeting of all interested women is
called for the Commercial Club. audi
torium at 2:30 tomorrow afterrnxm, in
order that a plan of action may be laid
beforo the women. Every woman's
organization . in the city is, asked to
havi at least a representative at that
meeting. . The situation is such as to
admit of no delay, and no guesswork,
ff the crops aro to be saved thoy must
be saved, at onco and quickly. The
ordinary channels of labor are ex
hausted, and thero is nothing for it
but for everyone who values the United
States above his or her own conven
ience to step up and jign up. Balem
can never raise her heaf again as a
patriotic city if she permits crops in
tended for the army to rot on the vines
for lack of pickers.
Oiip is tempted to believe that about
the only difference between the veterin
arians and the beast upon which they
operate to removfi the bray is that the
veterinarians hrrvo no bray.
requested by the president, unless fore
ed to do so by the war government.
lie said the war Jabor board s decis
ion r.'as not binding, as it was not unan
imous as provided in the presidential
proclamation creating the board. Declar
ing there is no danger of a telegraphers
strike and that the company feels it
would not. be doing justice to the pub
lie if it permitted an outside union to
interfere with its work, Carlton added:
"The board of directors and the exec
utives concerned in the management
of the property, with primary respou
sibility to the public and thn govern
mcnt, would deeply deplore being forced
to lay aside the safeguards that exper
ience has shown to be requisite and
which are believed essential to the pre
servation of effective telegraph ser
The lettc.- in part follows:
"Dear Mr. President: "
"Permit me to thank you for" your
letter of June 11, which I acknowledged
(Continued on paga three)
West Sees Little Hope
for Wooden Shipbuilders
Portland, Or.. June 18. Oswald
West, former governor, arriving from
Washington, sounded a word of warn
ing to the wooden shipbuilding today.
"The outlook for wooden shipbuild
ing is not so rosy as they have pictured
it," he paid. "It will stand the
wooden yards well in hand to make
sure they get something more enduring
West raid the nation has hit it war
AUSTRIA S DRIVE
Along Piave River Enemy
Centers Full Force of
CITY OF VENICE
IS DIRECT OBJECT
Italians Make Strong Resist
ance and Express Entire
London, Juno 18. Blocked In the
northern mountain area, the Austrians
have shitted their heaviest attacks to
the Piave river line, on the. eastern
portion of the new 100 mile Italian of
The night official statements indi
cated that Jhe enemy is trying to com
plete rue occupation ot ll Alontollo,
tho crest that protects the junction ot
the river and the mountain lines. A
strong effort also is bomg made to de
bouch from thifc. crossings already ef
fected on the middle and lower Piave.
All these efforts are being effective
ly opposed, according to the Italian
war ottlie. just as tho liritish, French
and Italians are preventing the Aus
trians from descending tho slopes of
the Asiago plateau and Monnt Grappa
(vnto the Venition plains.
Tho Italians claim - 4020' prisoners,
while the Austrians claim .12,000.
In tho mountain region the Italian
and Anglo-French forces gained par
tial successes at several ipoints in a
Along the Piave tho Austrians con
tinue to exeit powerful pressure to
complete their occupation of Montello
and advance-ontoi the plains, thus turn
ing the northern wing of the river line.
The Biltish war of fiee" : anmmnee
there was little change, on. the. British.
portion of tho Italian front.
, "The enemy is reorganizing after
his scvero defeat," tho! statement said.
Raiding and artillery activity was
(Continued on page three)
PLEADED NOT GUILTY
Traitor Appeals to Court to
Aid Him In Securing Counsel
for His Defense
New York, June 18. Joremiah O'
Leary, charged with trcasnn, was ar
raigned before Judge Hand today short
ly after his arrival from Portland, Or.,
in tho custody of agents of the depart
ment of justice-
He pleaded not guilty and was com
mitted to the Tcjubs to await trial
The reeding of the indictment charging
him with treason took 25 minute.
When asked by Judge Hand if he had
any request io make, O'Leary replied
that he might 'wish tho court to aid
hiir. in securing counsel. He said ne
realized that attorneys were reluctant
now to defend men charged with so
seiioiiB an offense.
O'Leary was nervous and id at case
while the indictment was being read
and hitt voice broke several times while
he was addressing the ccurt.
When tho reading of the indictment
was finished, Gertrudo O'irfary, a sis
ter, who was attending the trial of
John J. O'Leary in the adjoining court
on a charge of aiding Jeremiah to es
capo from federal authorities, came
into the room. Crying "Jerry, oh Jer
ry," she pushed her way through the
crowd to his side. Throwing her arms
around his neck; tabbing, she clung to.
him tmtil they were separated by court
When O'Leary : emerged from ; the
court room he was met by his father
and brother, Alexis.- None, of the mem
bers of OXeaiy's family ;knew of
Jeremiah's arrival -in' the city until
told be was pleading in the adjoining
room. . ' , '
Recent German Failure.
. Waatilncrtnn. .Tuna 18. EiirhtV thous
and Germans were put out of action in
the .Noyon-MontdHiier ortensive anu
General .Von: Huticr failed completely
to realize the objective the capture of
Compiegnc M. Tardieu cabled the
French high commission here today.
Ceutera Along Piare ;
Home, Jene 18. ''The violence of
the battle has decreased along the
: mountain front and increased along the
Piave," the Italian war ornce an
AMBUSHED BY A
BIG GERMAN FORCE
Every American In Patrol
Wounded During Desper
MANY GERMAN PLANES
DESTROYED BY RYES
National Guardsmen Are Now
Fighting On German Soil,
Washington, June 18. Ambushed by
a German force over thrco times their
strength, 13 American troops on a
patrol venture the night of June 13-14.
battled their way through the enemy
and returned safely, General Pershing
cabled :he war department today.
Tho fierceness of the fighting is ia
dicated by the fact that every one of
the American troopers was wounded.
"On thi night of June 13 and 14, an
(Continued on page three)
49 ARMY CASUALTIES
Marine Casualties, Heaviest
.Jet Reported, Show Ifcey
Washington, June 18. The war de
partment today announced a casualty
list from the west front war rone in
cluding 49 names, divldod as follows
Killed in action 10; dead from
wounds 2; dead as a result of an air
plane accidenlt, one; dead from discaso
one; dead froni accident or cthcT cause,
one; severely wounded 33; slightly
The list follows:
K.'U:d in Action -t
Lieutenants Leslie ii. Uroser, Brook
lyn, N. Y.
William O. Herrington, Nnnes, Ga.
William Campbell Johnson, Kau
John D. Mnthis, Amerlcus, Ga.
Sergeants Kdward T. Maginske, Chi
cago. James Marcum, LnFollette, Tenn.
Privates Ray Breut, Helena, Mont.
Mliichael Jay, Saw Haven, Conn.
Thomas Vs Larson, Borkaley, Cal.
. Michael Makereveseh, Brooklyn, N.
Died of Wounds
Musician JuKus S. Johnson, Luray,
Private Samuel Misc, Elton, Wis.
Died of Airplane Accident
. Lieutenant Harry Walter Prince,
West Philadelphia. '
Died of Dlseaee
Private Hubart F. Ward, McKecs
Died of Accident or Other cause
Private Luther H. Chorn, Council
(Continued on page four)
MINNESOTA REBUKES 1
Bumquist and Neisca Re-;
Nominated by Large Ma-
: jorties Yesterday j
St. Paul, Minn., June 18. With more
than; one third .of yesterday's primary;
vote' counted, Governor J. A. A. Bur j !
quist was maintaining a substantial lead
oarly today over C A. Lindbergh; Non-j
Partisan Leagu,, candidate for the no-;
publican gubcrnatlonal nomination. j
The vote stood 68,328 to 40,304. The;
unreported precincts were in . country,
districts. ' . . . - i
,Wi L. Comstock has been nominated,
for governor by thfl democrats. f
;Senator Knut Nelson, republican, has,
been renominated by a large majority,
over. James A. Peterson, who recently;
was .convicted of violating this espion
age act. The democrats did not nam
a senatorial candidate fallowing Pres-
jdent Wilson's advice. . . ,
Representative Ernest Lundeea,
publican, who voted against America
enterina the war. apparently had beens
idefea'ed for re-nominatioa by Walter
II. Newton. . .