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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (June 1, 1918)
(22,000 KEADF.Ka) DAILY
Only Circulation In Salem Guar
tatted by ths Audit Bureit ot
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NXW3 EEETICX
and Sunday fair;
lif-x r- ' ' t HI M
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 129
SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY, JUNE 1, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAILS AD mnr
STANDS fivj euro
'K, Boys i
0 i I imrfliin
Rll STILL HOLDING
CHECKING liTUTON RUSH
As Result of Determined Rf 3 ance Yon Hindenburg's
Armies Withdraw Back to f veau British and French
1 Still Hold Rheims But SalieuVer? Dangerous and City
May Be Abandoned-South of Soissons French Hurl
Invaders Back and Retake Villages bv Counter Attacks
By Henry Wood,
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Witr the French Armies on the Marne, May 31. (By
courier to Paris, June 1.) The French are still solidly
holding bridgehead arid passage across the Marne.
As a result of this determined resistance, the Germans
apparently have withdrawn from the edge of the river
back on to the plateau above the river valley, where they
3 re now seeking to advance to the westward.
Paris, June. 1. The Germans now
occupy a 13 mile front on. tie north
bank of the Mama between Chateau
Thierry and Yernuil but lave failed
to 'force a crossing of the river at any
point, the French official communique
The British and French still hold
Violent fighting occurred yesterday
evening and last night on the left
flank, south olf Soiwsons, the French
hurling the Germans back on the Crise
liver by counter attacks, recapturing
Chaudin and Vdezy and ti.f.ing several
Sharp fighting is going on along tie
road from Dormaud to, Kheims, on the
right flank, .
"The (taenia n attack continue;! yes
terday evening .and last night," the
statement said, "it was most violent
on the front (from Soissons to Chateau
Thierry. "On the Ohnudin-Viezy line, the
French, counter attacking energetical
ly, hurled back .the Qermau mass that
was launched on that front, gaining
ground everywhere and taking several
"South of Soifsons the Germans were
hurlod back on the Crise. Chaudin and
Viczy Were taken , and re-taken and
were finally kept by he French, af
ter th 'fiercest fighting. .
"In the Chouy Neuilly front region
-fierce battle is under way. The
Gels Long Sentence
Kansas City, Mo., June 1 Af-
ter overruling a motion for a
ols new trial, Judge Van Valken-
burgh today sentenced Mrs.
Rose Pastor Stohcs, New York,
socialist, convicted of violating
the espionage act to ten years
in th.9 penitentiary. No fine
SIX PER CENT LIMITATION
WILL NOT HANDICAP STATE
One Mill Tax If Voted, Will
Cover All Increased
With the ccst of ail materials and
supplies soaring,, forcing the expense
of maintaining :ate departments and
institutions higher and higher, there
will be greater need than ever before
for hard headed business men in the
legislature next year. It will be. no
time for kg rol'iug politics which so
frequently - characterize Oregon legis
latures. Expressions are frequently heard
that the six per cent tax limitation will
greatly hinder the state in taking care
of its actual necessities, and the idea
has been fostered in certain quarters
that the., tax limitation amendment
should be repealed so the legislature
would have free hand again.
A study of the appropriations made
ky the last legislature and of the total
sum which may be appropriated by the
next legislature gives no cause for
fear that the state's interests will
have to suffer for lack of funds to
meet necessary expenses.
This is particularly true if the peo-i
pU next November approve the bill!
being initiated by the state council of i
defense providing fc a one mill tlx1
levy for an emergency war fund. Asi
the total taxable, value of the proper-
Frennch broke up the German attacks
and maintained their lines.
"Immediately to the east of these
localities, on the north bank of the
Marne, Gcinuaa ou'posts border the
river north and east of Chateau-Thierry,
as ifar as Verneuil.
"On the right tlhe French are hold
ing the DoKmans-Rheims Toad, where
sharp fighstog continues.
. "The situation is unchanged north
west and north of Rheims."
News From London
London, June 1. The battle in the
south is now progressing over the en
tire 73 miles Kne from Noyon' to
Rheims, combining the eni'ire now front
with nearly half the southern, portion
f the Picardy front.
In the center, the Germans have
reached the northern ibank of the
Marne river, representing a maximum
penetration of 2lTmiles. The night com
munique of the French war. office says
the Marne has been reacihed "by weald
iierman torces" between Uhartcves
and Jaulgonne, a front of less than
two miles, about five miles east of
j Chateau-Thierry. The German war of
fice refers vaguely to the Marne be
ling reached "to the south of Fere-en-jTardenois."
Unofficial reports declare
uia ireirmans are aiong -we northern
(Continued on page four)
0verRyan by 128
The official canvass of the vote for
state treasurer in Multnomah county
was completed by the County Clerk yes
terday and when these totals are added
to the comnMe official ennnt in nil
j other counties of the state as checked
at balem, the result shows the nomin
ation of 0. P. Hoff over Thomas F.
Ryan by a majority of 118.
In Multnomah county Mr, Hoff re
ceived 7160 and Ryan "3612. The com
plete state vote giv.?s Hoff 17,799, and
ty in Oregon is now over $900,000,000,
a one mill levy will produce more than
$900,000 each year, or $1,800,000 for
That sum is almost ono third tvf the
entire amount raised by direct levy
for state taxes this year. The direct
levy for state taxes this year produced
$2.56,203. So it will be seen that
$900,000 a year will take care of im
mense war activities wfthin the state
The next legislature will have con
siderable more money available for ap
propriation than had the 1917 legisla
ture. This will be due to the allowance
possible under the six .per cent tax
Limitation and to the big increase in
the amount of fees that will be col
lected by various state deipartments. -
Based on the last state tax levy,
which produced $2,836,205, a aix per
cent increase for each of the two years
in the next biennium will total ap
As to fees, there will be an increase
in the amount to be oolle ted by the
insurance department, and there will
be a decided increase this year in the
inheiiitiance tax collections. This in
crease vili be due chiefly to the tax
es the state treasurer expects to eol
leet from the T. B. Wrirox es'ate. It
is erpdeted that estate will pay over
$300,000 inheritance tax, while the to
tal of all inheritance taxes collect ed
last year was only $82,000. Other large
(Continued on page six)
ARE KILLED IN ACTION
No Oregon Men On List-Two
From Nevada Are Severe
Washington, June 1. General Per
shing reported fifty seven names on to
day' casualty list to the war depart
meat, divided as follows:
Three killed in action; six dead.from
wounds; ten dead from disease; one
dead from airplane accident; seventeen
wounded severely; eleven slightly
wounded; nine missing in action.
Lieutenants Le.? V. Farnum, New
York, Andrew Peterson, Lambcrtson,
Minn., and James D. Ward, Houston,
Texas, were among the severely wound
The list follows!
Killed in action:
Privates Timothv Donnellan, N.w
Gustave Hillert, Beuiidji, Minn.
John Mclntyre, Philadelphia.
Died of wounds:
Sergeants Joseph Kaxzor, Milwaukee,
Tim Long, Chicago.
Corporal Walter G. Caul, Norfolk,
Privates William C. Carroll, Elizabeth
Joseph Frank, New Orleans, La.
Harold McNcary, Brooklyn, N. Y,
Died of disease:
Sergeant Johu L. McDonald, Bine-
hampton, N. Y. ,
Privates James S., Garvin, Hartford,
William C. Hostetter, Oklahoma City,
Okla. . -
Herbert Koethke, Stansgar, Iowa.
Patrick McGuire, Braadenberg, Mont.
John Peroni, Vezolaca, Villa Prato,
Robert E. Rutherford, Pierre, H. D.
Ernest Sander, Devils Lake, N. D.
Russell John Thompsett, Sault Ste
Wallace R. Williams, Joplin, Mo.
Died from aeroplane accident: : '
fccrgeanj Thurston R. Chamberlain,
Wounded severely: ' .
(Continued on page three)
OF SECOND DRAFT
CALL WILL BE 5,458
Marion County's Two Districts
Must Send 279 More Men
Portland, Or., June 1. Oregon's net
remaining quota to be raised in tha
announcement of this figure has been
made from the war department at Wash
ington. in tbe fiisi draft, Oregon's net quota
vas-717 men. Since the filling of this
quota, the state has furnished in var
ious aft calls a total of 3861 men.
The announcement from Washington
states all these men will be credited
against the state's gros quota on the
S' cond draft of 9,319 msu, leaving a
n t qiioii; iali to be raised of 5,458
m.'ii not be called out all
at ono ti'ii?, bit v.iil be inducted into
service ai ci l tr-c -.oceived from Wash
ington for draft ' icrcments of various
sizes. At tlM r.ue inductions ana now
being made, however, it will not be long
W-jre they are all inducted into the
Following is the net quota still to be
fill-d ui.der 'lie second draft by each
?mily or draft district In the state:
Baker, 174; Benton, 69; Clackamas,
22S; Clatsop, 238; Columbia, 112; Coos
1S1; Crook, 45; Curry, 23; Deschutes
58; Doupglas, 156; Gilliam, 52; Grant,
79; Harney, 76; Hood River, 34; Jack
son, 182; Jefferson, 30; Josephine, 81;
Klamath, 92; Lake, 60; Lane, 267; Lin
coln, 43; Linn, 170; Malheur, 157; Mar
ion No. 1, 177; Marion, No. 2, 102; Mor
row, 48; Multnomah, 77; Polk, 113;
Slvrraan, 34; Eillamoon, 80; Umatilla,
197; Union, 192; Wallowa, 138; Wasco
87; Washington, 182; Wheeler, 53;
Yamhill, 134; Portland, No. 1, 171;
Portland, No. 2, 261; Portland N). 8,
115; Portland No, 4, 57; Portland, No.
5, 126; Portland No, 6, 151; Portland
No. 7, 83; Portland, No. 8, 89; Portland
No. 8, 42; Portland, No. 10, 119; total,
Detail of Latest Call
Washington, June 1. Continuing its
policy of volunteer military training
for American youths, the war depart
ment announced today that facilities
will be nrovided for drilling 260.674
grainxmar school boys during vacation
. The Younffstora mir nli?n for
the military drill up to June 7 and oa
(Continued oa page thre)
1 War Summary of United Press
1 1401st Day of the War; 74th Day of the Big Of ensive j
West front The Germans are con
tinuing their attack on the entire 75
mile front between Noyon and Rheims,
which embraces all of the now AUne
front and a large part of the southern
portion oif the Pioardy front.
In the tenter the enemy has reach
ed the north bank of the Marne and
now holds a thirteen mile section of
the right" bank of that river between
Chateau Thierry and Verneuil. The
French communique today, however,
indicated that at no point have the
crown prince's armies been able to af
fect a crossing of (this important de
On the left flank, the IVench appear
to be holding the Germans between
Noyon and Soissous. South of the lat
ter city, they have $wept the Germans
tack to the Crise rived by fierce coun
ter attacks, retaking two villages- On
the right flank the British and French
aro battling the Germans along the
Dormans-Rheims roajl. Dormaus is two
miles southwest of Verneuil on the
south bank of the Marne. The road
runs inortheastward through verneuil
Rheims itself is shll ho:d by the al
lies, although ifris now surrounded on
ail but the extreme southern side and
is in the apex of an extremely danger
Cabling from the Aisne front, where
GERMANS' RAPID ADVANCE
IS MAKING THE HEAVY
GUNS OF SMALL VALUE
Rifles, Machine Guns and
French Mortars Are Prin
cipal Weapons Used
j By H-auy.Wood
With the French ' Arm'S on the
Aisne Front. May 31. (Night.) The
Gorman advance ou this front has been
so rapid that at preswit artillery is
pjaying a comparatively miuor roio m
tho battle. Rifles, machine guu and
trench mortars constitute tneir ;main
A few small detachments of the ene
my are reported to have reached the
Marne near Charteves, (but his main
forces are still on the plateau above
ChaWufHMe.rry, which descends ab
ruptly by sharp sloped hills to the riv
Following the capture of Fere-En-
Tardonois, the Germans were able to
advance with great rapidity under cov
er of the heavy forests south of that
place- Although the battle was raging
desperately on the plateau today, its
nrcsence could hardly be detected,
save for occasional shots from the
French "seventy fives" of the Ger
man "seventy sevens" and trench uior
tars, as the latter sought to dislodge
some French machine guns.
Tho Gerfans having advanced rap
idly, they were unable to bring up any
except their lightest artillery. Thus,
the wounded which passed me were
For Ten Weeks Every Amer
ican Household Will Be
Affected by Order
Washington, June 1 For ten weeks
the nation is to be on a virtually what
Squeezed down to 20 per cent of nor
mal wheat supplies, the American
household must go virtually wheatless
until August 15 when the new crop be
Food administration officials are
quietly putting the new program into
effect, it was learned officially today.
Every fraternal society, church, Sun
day school and religl'iu organization
has been aked by Hoover to pledge
each of its members to abstain entire
ly from the use of wheat tuitil the new
crop is out.
Thousands rf otherj will be reached
through women's clubs, commercial or
ganization and other channels. Texas
has volunteered to adopt the wheatless
schedule. While labor organizations
have not been asked to abandon wheat,
fcod administration officials look for
saviigs from working men but do not
ak complete abolition of wheat by
While it is expected that the baking
industry will be hit by the wheatless
program, the grain iliortage leaves no
alternative it the allies are to be fed.
Hospitals and other institutions will
still require wheat. The exceptions to
the wheatless rule will practically eat
up the surplus left in the inited
States, forcing the great body of house
wive to bake quick breads and in oth
er way cease using wheat.
he .witnessed the battle around Cha
I teau-Thierry, Henry Wood said the
i German advance has been so rapid that
'only their lightest artillery has been
able to keep up and tnat many phases
of the present battle are being fought
mostly with rifles and machine guns-
Picardy front The Americans con
tinue to "eonsotida'e and improve their
positions around Canttgny, despite con
stant bombardment and frequent coun
Field Marshal Haig reported raiding
adorations around Vitlers-Bretonlneux
and Albert, resulting to the advantage
of the British.
Flanders 'front Gorman artillery
was active near Giveiwhy on the south
ern portion of the front last night.
Italian front The Austrians con
tinue to mass troops along the Italian
front, bringing new divisions from Ru
mania and Ukraine, Turkish contin-j-ets
also are expected soon. The arriv
al of General Boehm-ErmoUi at tho
Udine front and a council of war there
are accepted as (further indications of
au impending Austrian offensive.
France The Germans resumed their
long range bombardment of Paris to
day. suffering almost invariably from the
bullet instead of shell wounds.
Returning from the vantage poHnt
where I had seen the fighting on the
wooded slopes of the plateau. I en
countered French infantrymen who
stolidly took up their positions in hous
es and sheltered nooks, eating and
resting while the Oceanian still of fared.
Long linos of infantry, mule drawn
machine guns and ammunition wagons
were hold ready to rush up and throw
their weight in the path of the boohos.
Here I also met, standing in the
middle of a road and surrounded by
Ms staff, a famous French general.
His troops, who were then fighting on
the plateau, had withstood without a
single break in their front the German
'advance . dear from tho tnomin-aes-Dajmes.
Tho general, who had just returned
from the firing line, declared that al
though the Germans were numerically
superior to tho extent of at least four
to one his troops were fairing back,
without haste, with supreme readiness,
the moment the order might bo given
to put up a determined stand.
Ascending the sharp eloped hills,
leading to tho plateau Trom the south,
I found sunny orchards, vineyards and
(fields dotted with artillerymen who
, wore coolly and mechanically install
ing their deadly "ssvwity fives,"
glancing up occasionally to see if the
moment had arrived when they should
(Continued on page four)
MARION COUNTY WILL
USE THREE FOURTHS
Lawyer'Sent by Ayres, Can
Give No Reason For
Marion county will go on a 25-73 per
cent wheat flour basis from today until
August 1, which means that instead
of going wheatless as in the past week,
grocers will sell wheat flour on a basis
of one portion of wheat flour to three
of substitutes, .
After wrangling two and a half hours
the grocers and bakers of Marion coun
ty in session yesterday afternoon de
cided by a majority vote to turn down
the wheatless proposition as suggested
by A. M. Churchill, a representative of
W. B. Ayr of Portland.
Howsver, as the matter now stands,
the farmer can go to the nearest mill
running and have his wheat ground and
take no substitute.
The fact that the bakers would be
permitted to make flour with only 40
p?r cent substitutes didn't look exact
ly right to the grocers, especially since
at the same time the housewife would
have to get along and do the best she
could without a pound of flour.
.The stand was taken by the local gro
cery men that if there was a demand for
a wheatless Oregon, there would have
come word from Hoover for a wheatless
ration. The private opinion of many
(Continued on page three) "
IN FIRM GRASP
Pershing's Soldiers Under
Constant Attacks Are Prov
1 ing Real Worth
YANKEE FLYERS AID
Prisoners Taken In Recent
fighting Are Veterans of
By Fred S. Ferguson
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With the Americans in Picardy, May4
31, (Night) In the face of the heav
iest bombardments and almost constant
counter attacks the Americans are prov
ing they are just as good at holding
onto a bit of territory as they are at
The same dash and determination is
marking their cylidation and occupa
tion of tho newly won ground at Can
tigny, as they displayed in its acqui
sition, bringing the highest praise from
the French soldiers and officers in this
American aerial observers told me
that the greatest sight they ever wit
nessed was the advance of our infantry
into Cantigny, At first they refused to
mention their own exploits. Later, liow
.jver, they admitted they had flown
as low as fifty yards over the heads
of the infantrymen.
. During tho battle practically all their
work of maintaining communication
between the artillery and infantry was
done at a height of two hundred yards.
,Penfltrating far into the boches rear
4 . -r .. i i.
nrruo, vuv Afiiuru-itii aiiinnu wua biiwik'
ed by niue Hun planes but escaped.
Cantigny is completely wrecked. Only
the skeletons of buildings remain.
German tanks are reported to have
been in action in this region in the last
24 hours, but no official confirmation
has been received. .
In addition to tho bombardment tn
which the enemy is subjecting our new
gains, the boeVs are utilizing fright
fulness schomes apparently in wrath
at the loss of Cantigny. Scores of bombs
have been dropped, not only on the
rear areas but on a town far back of
the lines. In preparation for some of
their counter attacks, thfl boches have
used considerable phosgene and "sneez
Prisoners taken from the German
Eighty Second division first fought at
the kSomme in 1915, then participated
in the Galician offensive and later re
tvrned to the west front.
T.nndnn. June 1. "The brilliant Am
erican victory at Cantigny has received
the honor it deserves," tho Star de
clares. Thn mnrt we hear nf the American
array the better they appear. The Amer-
v . ... . . ... 1 L 1. .
leans, in tins last venture, ucai mc
cn.k Hllniahs and Brundenburircrs and
held their gains against all comers."
DOUGLAS GETS ANOTHER
By Frank J. Taylor
'United Press Staff Correspondent)
viiti, Tli American Army in Lor
raine, May 31. (Night) Lieutenant
rnmnliell of California, shot
down another German biplane in flames
oa the Toul sector early tnis morning,
(Continued on page sevsn)
J Abe Martin t
Speakin' o' thrift, Lafe Bad is
wearia' a pair o' brown pants with a
gray coat till ws win th' war. Mr.
an' Mrs. Lester Jones '11 try t' go an
other year without a ear, ,
Til )i ii nrniPTrn
I1IH11 1.LU10I LH
FOR DRAFT CALL
All Over Coautry Army R
crmnag atanoss Report
FIVE HUNDRED PER CENT
INCREASE IN S0r,IE PLACES
War Department Calls For
Grammar School Graduates
For War Service
' CALL TO YOUTHS
Washington, June 1. As an-
other stop in its policy of mili-"
'tarist training for American
youths the war department to-
day issued a call for 24,174
grammar school graduates to
qualify !for general military
service. They will enter various
coueges on Jim 13 for spwftal
imilitary traininsr. Voluntary .
cruits will bo accepted until
New York, June 1. Decision to re?.
ister Juno 5 all youths becoming 21
since tne last day of mi itory registra
tion, has sped enlistments in all branch
es of service all over the nation. Fig-
uiei oiiuuicu iroin au sections ty tho
Ix ted Press vary in the ratio of la-
crease, dui in some dwirtctii show
tains of as high as 600 per cent.
- The period allowed for nl!3,m"nt "
the volunteer s.vsWm w sl.ofi, o
ivf t tho 4nct thn training tamjs
a i ticked "with men 'n soifj tnt..
a n ail district arj wel' filled, Ne
lork s enlistment - showed a alklit
gain but don't compare wfth renirtt
from other parts of the country, par
ticularly tne middle west.
Springfield, 111., reported enlistmeut.
have been heavy for six months, but
no urtainto figures were given out.
The Chicago district. whi"h is the
largest in the conntry, includ'.i,? most
of Wisconsin, Illinois and Michigan,
reported a gain olf 33 p-r cj it in army
enlistments, with the navy showing aa
increase or fifty per cent, the !-
cunuw, it was dec.'ared, is groiwing
rapidly to a larger percttiitag?-
loth St. Paul and Fargo, N, V re
ported increases in navy enlistments.
ft. Jjouib hois been setting new rec
ords in daily enlistments. The inarms
corps is favored largely by the now
men, Kansas City has speeded its en-
hstmcnte by KO per cent. IVnver shew
ed only a slight increase.
Lincoln, nob., reported a gam. ol
four hundred per cent in army enlist
ments, with tho navy showing tho
amazing guin oif 500 per ent.
Kiighty to one hundred applications
for enJlis'.uicnts are being received
dHily by all branches of service ia
Philadelphia. The majority of thena
youths are being aecopted.
Atlanta reported no penceptinie in-
Tho navy's recruiting stations in Se
attle have doubled their average, while
tho army shows a gain, of one third.
in Lcs Anoles tho army's gmai was
fifteeoi per cent, with the marines and
navv registering an increase of about
twety pel The reason however is
given as duo to enlistment drives.
San Francisco reported fifty pef .
cent increase in army enlistments,
with 75 to 100 apptwoiita a day.
British anil foreign missions in Cleve
land report great activity in enlist
merit as well as Americas.
Columbus, Ohio, also reported gains.
HarruiluinK, Pa., reported gain of '
four hundred per cent and enlistment
officials wore regretful that more
time had not been given. ,
Pittsburg's recruiting was aooni
trebled by the order.
DB'rtiit showed a perccpuoie gam. ,
Preparing For Drive
Sin Italian Irani
'.ioinc, June lw Military erit- .
; . : 1 .. . I. ,..l,,.t flan .
l IIS VUUNiaT IHC Bit""' v w w
erul noehm-Ermolli at i riuli and .
the council of war held in thfl -
ti I'dine ui.dci. General Boroevic, .
as certain-indications that an
:! Aujiii-jii tilcnsive is imminent.
.-j: the Viitiiaus continue mass- -
i! ing troops along the ' Italian '
fr.-mt. .'tc vt pi cements are still v
arriving from uuinania and Uk-
mine and lie Turkish csstin-' .
JC g"nis aro triprciru. i-
. , t .1
The Italians are fully prepar-
ed and the morale of the tresps-
is highest. . .
A on Irk WAT for German soldiers and)
sailors to have their troubles ended for
them Is for them to mutiny.