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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 22, 1917)
(22,000 BEADEES) DAILY
Only Circulation In Salem Guar
anteed by tbe Audit Bureau of
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEW SEEVIOE
and Friday fair,
mostly easterly. .
FORTIETH YEAR NO. 278
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1917
PRICE TWO CENTS D
torn of t
v r I A I II n -l M II M I I I
by British Assault
Great, Clumsy, Lumbering Tanks In Big Herds Cut Through
the Strongest Lines While British infantry Followed and
Cleaned Up the Defenders Germans Were Completely
Surprised and Dazed by Suddenness of AttackCavalry
Now Operating In Open at Several Points Along Front
By William Philip Simms
(United tress Staff Correspondent)
With the British Armies Behind the
Hindenburg Line, Nov. 22. Victorious
Britain "carried on" today with her
triumphant smashing of the Hindenburg
Tanks, cavalry, infantry all wero
closing steadily around Cambrai tho
great war machines rumbling over the
enemy just as the tanks first crushed
the way through the German lines.
The Tommies now are almost within
grasp of the Gorman depot of Cambrai
as this dispatch is written.
Every hour makes the British victory
jiiore gigantic in its scope, more as
tounding in it's conception and execu
tion. The Hindenburg line has been smash
ed to flinders. '
In some sections of the battle front,
the fighting is practically in tho open.
British cavalry has been in action. The
vast and intricate trench defenses of the
Hindenburg line and its subsidiary lines
have in many places been stormed and
the enemy forced into defense from tho
French Citizens Released.
Literally delirious with joy 500 citi
zens repatriated to France by the Brit
ish stroke, came back from tbe front
today.- They had been hurriedly remov
ed froin'Mnsnieres to Gouzeacpurt by
the Germans and then abandoned. At
Gouzeaucourt they welcomed the sweat
ing Tommies as they streamed in the
With their stories and the tales wrung
from the German prisoners still dazed
with the surprise of the British blow,
it was possiDie toaay to piece togetneruooKing negiectea iarm macninery scat-
some idea of the conditions in the lux
urious and supposedly impregnable
German positions of the Hindenburg
line when General Byng loosed his sur
Surprise Was Complete.
Not a German had any knowledge of
the attack until the tanks loomed over
their heads. Then they literally "blew
up" in panic. French civilians in towns
just behind the lines described the offi
cers and men as running around "liko
chickens with their heads cut off."
The Whole army quivered and shook
with the suddenness of the thing; the
great ghost-like steel monsters that bat
tered through cement and earth and hu
man walls wer fearsome giants; the
swearing, yelling fiends who followed
them were gnomes who suddenly sprang
to life out of the ground.
It must have been hours before this
palsy of surprise, of fear and of what
iimosi amouureo. 10 superstitious pumc
that sometime sm.ernatural had occur-
led, passed away among the Germans,
British "nionners-up" told of how
ii-iimu lotiii. tiio lntrifiiin-'.t1 sn rieia cons iouuv. us useiuinesa ) r"-1"'"" t"-"--
"J"? e"'," S-v' -"man base is done. Not only has fHes-that aroused great interest here
sh-ep had ban l y passed n';:'the Hindenburg line been broken t-itcday. The blindness likewise indicated
dazedly croded out of their dugout, the vitally important com- jthat the eyes of the powerful German
or how, uneomprehe.ul.ng tha it was . likewise has been py system had been likewise put out.
reality and not dreams, they dully let . hcd 8 i It seemed to be established today
the great tanks crush them flat or fur-, - ce,pbrat1(i todav. There that the vaunted Hindenburg line
jously gleaming-British bayonets was a hoii(iay .pirit in every smiiinglas a mere papier n.ache bulwark
their mark. !fac iugt a linle bit more reverence .against the British onslaught, that
Evorj'tMng Left BeMnd. : dun-clothed soldiers in the streets ! England's superiority in tho air has
In trenches and dugouts, blankets and ))e(ause tne;r . brothers were working blinded the Boche view, that the Teu
- ' ' ' Aha TrmrWn mirnr-le of war over thcroitonie espionage scheme can be frus-
A R F FT A R T I N J
t If MA U n 11 I 1 11
'Bout th' only funny thing th' warj This is the first time in litis war jeriminal court decided today,
las produced is th' girl wearin' a him- that any eommander has been able to i ' ,: '
grj look en' a pair o' $14 shoes. What's mass gigantic forces of men, cf such I It was a sad day for Dascbund Hin
become o' th ' ole time feller that used lumbering monstrosities as tanks and , dptiburg when he snapped at Bulldog
f Charge "whatever s right?" of cavalry without the enemy diseov-i Haig.
cots were still warm from sleepers ' bod
ies, or breakfast tables for officers,
daintily set, still smoked apetizingly. A
tangle of personal belongings in line af
ter line of dugouts showed sleepers in
the bunks and on the cots had leaped
to their feet in the first terror of the
moment and fled to the ghostly dawn
above, without hats, without blouses,
without guns, almost without their sen-
Vast stores of choice wines were
found in the officers' quarters.- Cigars
and cigarettes were packed there pro
fusely. Lines Are Intact.
Many sections of the boasted Hin
denburg line came into British hand!
absolutely intact. The tanks had smash
ed great gaps. Through these the in-
iantry pourea ana spreaa out, tan-wise,
behind, taking yard after yard of
The correspondents were" summoned to'
the line during the night. We stood that
memorable morning in the eery light
just before dawn, in tho midst of great
droves of tanks all camouflaged and
r,1 Ui t'
the things. jwas justified in my. act for tortures I
Great Herds oi vanks. have been through, but don't want to
They were a great herd ot gentle look- go to prison ""for life. I prefer the
iiig, stolid creatures, that', se.emed i:to' death penalty." . . A
browse on the grass covered field, shcl That wag th iament of Mrs. W. C.
tered somewhat by trees, whoso bran, Howe, once prominent in Oakland so
ches showed no nipping by shells. The ciety, as she sat in the Fresno county
tit- ii n u waa lilfa ctr.tiiH ni.ciiiiliiiiii fft i"ni : . i i .. i i j i i 1. t i J ! 1 i
"v - huv.vhv,. -"
in lii ITnntllnlrir Vilna imnua m!nn fna
... uiuni; i&lvii. uuu
could imagine the tanks either as bo-
vine herds or as cluttered up, dingy-
It was still. Only a few desultory
shells exploded in the distance the reg-
ulnr. mnnntnnnllfl- ftvftrv-mnrnini inter-
(Continued on page three) '
AND GERMAN BASE
UNDER BRITISH FIRE
By Ed L. Keen
(ITnited Press staff correspondent)
London, Nov. 22. Cambrai, center
l?i six railways, and cn.ef depot center
Ifor the German communications line in
a. i T7i i jj- c ti;
f """ ,B "w"r " "'t1
;a , Wiij0st enthusiasm amonu th
Tommies themselves. Newspapers ot
f,taid British history, delved into re
ima t,-r.p hnwi to Mnre thft victory
imote tvne bnxea to blare the victory
lficros their Dncres in Aruericanesoue
'streamers." The victory was regard-
ed as one of tho greatest strokes oi
(the war. It was achieved because Brit-
ish strategists had the courage to try
something new in the catalogue ot
General Byng and his co-workers so
minutely worked out the battle plan
that they had cavalry massed and
ready for action. A few days ago a
leader would have been dubbed insane
ihad he figured on utilizing mounted
forces ajjainst trench works- lut Byng
figured it and he figured right. Of
ficial reports today told of how ia
manv cases thev roue run tilt at tne
charge on German artillery, sabering
the gunners and capturing Held p.ec-iaiid a force of deputies broke up a
es. The cavalry was credited with the meeting called by Eaton last night
capture of tho villages of JIarcoing I . . 1
and ilasnieres- Hundreds of tanks par-!
tieipated in tne battle ana onee again
these sjcaly monsters proved their
There apparentlv couldn't be a Brit
ish drive without inclement weather, t
.When the British started on Tuesday
jmorning it was fine and clear, but to-
Iday's front dispatches reported a cold.
drizzling, incessant rain.
GEN. DOUGLAS HAIG.
Who broke all war precedents in war
fare in his attack on the Hindenburg
BS. HOWE TELLS
CAUSE OF TRAGEDY
m i i n f n il n !
VVClild iTeter Death Penalty
To Life Sentence In
Fresno, Cal., Nov. 22 "If I could
onIy cry. But the tears won't come. I
jaii iuuu-y auu iviii wuat uuu itru w i
1. 3 IT" TT T 1 l. 11 t"l 4.
jij.r miiruer oi vv. n. -Druuus oi x-uriitjr-
ville Monday night. '
BrooKs. she said, had caid with hii ;
nfo for a campaign of slander against
her, which haa started when, she claini
ed, she repulsed his advances in a Kan
Francisco cafe eleven years ago.
"Ptrst. thft Rt.nrv nccnrdinir t.n Mrfl.
. 1 . 1. . i . i i i, x i. . A i I
i-unti,- uau utrtui iiu uy uiuvrb tu iuib-
Brooks, then it had reached her own
.ering that maneuver. It was this blind-
jness of tho German army, coupled with
one brief dispatch from the front to-
sTaliIlg l lac on y xive uern m a.r
iplanes had been seen on tho whole of
ithfl H in mm hnrT li n b tnrrv nu pu iVnm
if s? n, tl. ,7.
nitrated; that the tanks are well nigh
irresistible; that the Boc he is a lost
lnuiviuuai wneu lie is nurpntteu; mat
England 's military loaders are not
airaid of bold Napoleonic strokes, evon
if they violate precedont.
Allen Eaton Was Turned
Dovra Again at Eugene
Eugene, Or., Nov. 22. Allen Eaton,
University cf Oregon faculty member,
who was forced to resign because he
attended the Chicago meeting of the
People's Council for Democracy and
Terms of Peace. wi!l not be allowed to
hold meetings in this county, Sheriff
Parker said today.
Taking the stand that a speech br
(Eaten would incite a riot, the sheriff
Tn CI,tt YZA
iauiij uuaj iiiii,u
Negro In Self Defense
Indianapolis. Ind.. Nor. 22. Danny
!S';iav, manager of the Milwaukee bae-
;ba!l clno, shot in self defense when he
I killed C!arene Euell, a negro waiter,
I in the hotel English cafe, .a jury in
Pro-German Leaders In Russia-
Are Carrying Out
PEACE AS ALTERNATIVE
Turmoil ? In Petrograd In
creases and Solution Not
- In Sight
Copenhagen, Nov. 22. "For
eign Minister" Trotsky of the
Bussian Bolsheviki forces, has
sent a message to all the allies,
asking a revision of their war
aims and threatening that if his
request is not answered tho Bol
sheviki will consider that they
are justified in making a separ
ate peace, i
A message' to this effect wag
received here today from Hapar
Paris, Nov. 22. Absolute proof that
Nicholai Lenine, the Bolsheviki leader
at Petrograd, was sent to Bussia by
the German spy system and is a creature
of the Prussian propaganda service, is
in the hands of the French government.
The announcement was made today,
on receipt of news from Petrograd that
Lenine and his co-partner in the Bol
sheviki revolt, Leon Trotsky, had sent
to all allied diplomats in the capital an
invitation propoftig an immediate arm
istice as the ' overture to democratic
(Continued on page nx.)
husband, had gone to all of the wives
Of the inen employed by the firm for
which Howe worked. It had followed
her to the eastern states, to' Australia
and finally to Buenos Aires. When her
husband appeared as a witness in the
government s suit against the National
Gash Reerister company at Dayton, O.,
Mrs. Howe was shunned by the wives
of the other men gathered there, gh
said, because of Btories they had heard.
"It was there that I learned the full
ovtant. tf tha whiRnerinffS. " she said
"You know what that means to a
proud woman who has always been
Telegrams offering help were com
ing to Mrs. Howe constantly today.
Contracts Signed For
Yast Quantity of Lumber
. Taeoma, Wash., Nov. 22. Contracts
with the United States shipping board
for 40,000,000 feet of ship timber to
be cut in Washington and Oregon
mills have been signed by tho West
XJoast Lumbermen's asociation, it was
announced hero today. The lumber is
to be delivered to gulf and Atlantic
coast shipyards and is to be apportion
ed among the mills of tho two states
by the Douglas fir emergency commit
tee of Tacoma.
, While tho price per thousand na"s
not been made known, it is said to be
tS a thousand less than that quoted
by the southern pine manufacturer.
Mills will begin cutting on the big
order at once.
IS BEING CAUSED BY
Hundreds of Teuton Agents
. Have Swarmed to Neutral I
' Nation for That Purpose
By Carl D. Groat
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington, Nov. 22. German money
and intrigue are stirring trouble anew
in Mexico, it was authoritatively stat
ed today. Hundreds of Teuton agents,
availing themselves of Mexican neutral
ity, are responsible for the recurrence
of fighting and plotting by Villa, Zapa
ta Pelaez and Felix Diaz.
The real seriousness of tho problem
for the United States lies in the, fact
that the output of the Tampico and
Tuxpam oil fields may be curtailed,
while the difficulties near the border,
might ultimately divert some of Amer
ica's war strength from Europe.
Teuton spies are seeking to discredit
Carranza with the Unitod States by
making it appear he cannot cope with
the rebel faction; they are stirring up
nuii-njuQutwuBiu d 11 vi iii; v i m K fcv
bring an active American intervention,
both as a means of detracting from
the main war. task and to discredit this
government with,. South American re
publics. - - "
Evidence gathered by secret agents
shows i elix Diaz has been offored $JU0,
000 to lead an insurrection in Sinaloa.
Villistas are again on the rampage and
appear to be well armed and financed
with Teuton moneyft-
The Germans are pitting faction
against faction. - In the Tampico oil
fields and parts of Tamaulipas, Palaez
shielded American interests a long time
Now, the Carranzista general, Dieguoz,
is warring against Pelaez with tho lat
ter preparing for a stand at Pierre Am
anita. Meantime, the oil industry is ner
vous; but if any serious hampering of
that business occurs, firm measures by
this government may be expected, as
the oil supply is so vital to the Am
erican and British navies,
Code messages in government posses-
sion indicate the hand of Germany in
TEH THOUSAND OH
British Troops Penetrate
Lines For More Than Eight
Miles In Places
OF GREAT VICTORY
; . '
German Counter Attacks Are
Weak and Easily
British history was given an-
other fighting phrase today:
"The tank commander ' ex-
pects every tank to do its
damndest," was tho word from
tho general commanding the
land dreadnaughts before they
'went into the battle that broke
the Hindenburg line.
It was Nelson at Trafalgar
"England expects every man
this day to do his duty."
)(C jjc )S )c )c ic )fc sc )f jfc iff )( sjt
By William Phillip Simms
. (United Press staff correspondent)
With tho British Armies Beyond
tho Hindenburg Line, ' Nov. 22. At
some points on what used to bo the
impregnable Hindenburg line, Britis'ot
troops this afternoon had penetrated
more than eight miles. No lato official
announcement has been mado of pris-
oners and guns taken,
By personal estimate from numbers
reported by various guard companies
is that more than ten thousand Germans-
have been captured.
Tho -penetration of eight miles at
some points is from headquarters re
ports early today. By this time, the in
dications aro that the Tommies have
swept on even farther than this.
Seven countor attacks have failed
to stop their progress-
The Germans' efforts were weak
ones. All failed miserably in the vic
tory inspired onslaught of Byng's men.
The German casualties were heavy.
Groat numbers of Gorman guns have
been taken. No effort has been made
as yet because of the very enormity of
the task, to make a detailed count of
(Continued on nag fix.)
fomenting strikes in the oil district,
Ajiioiiuiu mil. i'-i i iv 1 1. it 1. (i ii l ii ii 1 1 1 1 1 i3 in. ii-,
however, aro hopeful tho situation will
IN LINE FOR A
Young American OSce?
Stages Daring Exploit la
CROSSES NO MAN'S LAD
AND RESCUES (XOLKL2
Daring Soldier Is Wester
Boy, Graduate cf Wyom
By J. W. Pegler
(United Press staff correspondent)
American Field Headquarters,Frnnce
Nov. 22. The first congressional med-
al of honor for conspicuous bravery
may go to a young army lieutenant:
from Mectcetse, AVyo. It was expecteil
at headquarters today that General.
Pershing would make such a recomment-
-dation for the officer's rescue of on
.of his men from No Man's land under
jhenvy German fire.
I The exploit occurred in broad da-
light. The lieutenant had led a nigit
'patrol. Ho and his men had already
,been on duty thirteen hours in t!i
trenches- They crawled out over No
Man's land and lay flat awaiting ami
listening for Gorman patrols. One Saiw
my, utterly exhausted by tho day
work and the exertions of the nightv
fell asleep in a shell nolo cIobo to the"
German wire entanglements.
When the American patrol returned
to its own lines just before dawn, th
man's absenco was not immcdiatMljr
discovered. It was not until daylights
revealed all of the tangled weeds atuB
holes of No Man's land that a count
disclosed ono man absent. Ihen t'if
lieutenant, sweeping every inch of th
ground, with his glasses, located' hi
miasinff Slnnim. tm'kpd nwiv in a. era-..
ter. It was about the samo minute that
tne Germans discovered him, too. Tho
soldier crouched down in his haven
while tho Boches loosed their machine)
guns and "began hurling grenades at
him. His lioutenant. disregarding con
cealment, stood up over the trench and;
violently tried to wig-wag him ons
how to creep back to the American,
lines.. But the Sammy was too bucy
watching in the other direction to sc
what his enemies were getting renuj i
do. .. . ..
Then the lieutenant slipped over in
top of the parapet and crawled flat
on his bcUy down the ravine. The Ger
mans discovered him almost at once.
Thov transferred all of their fire to.
his creeping figure. Back in tho Ameri
the Sammies watched'
,orcath!esslv. firing as fast as they
could, a barrage to protect tne siovr
f ... .
. Imnvinir crecner. In some miraculous
way, tha lieutenant reached his niaa
and the two turned back, seutltini?
along close to the ground, with-ulht
cutting the high weeds all about them..
They mado tho trip safely and were
welcomed back with cheers and yclla,
of joy no less than of admiration for
tho officer's feat. The lieutenant who.
thus braved the dangers of No Man '
land to rescue one of his own ' 'boys
is a graduate of Wyoming university.
Normal nrtillerying and riflo firing
continued over tho American sector to- ,
dav. .Another relief of the front lino
troops was accomplished without inci
dent. The tfoops now on the fighting hn
are the fourth unit to be sent there
f t ''finishing off" of the training for
war. The men they relieved were ex
amined in small groups back of th
lines a disreputable looking buneh
covered with mud, but all perfectly
willing to trade places with the boys
going. into tho line. Some of the evacu
ated battalion shunned the road and
took phort cuts to the rear across cra
ters. The Germans, however, am noc
know a relief was taking place and did
not fire. An American patrol encount
ered four Germans in font of No Mans
land the other night and fired, lhe
Congress Will Be Asked
For Alien Legislation
Washington, Nov. 22. Congress wilt
be asked by Attorney General Gregory
to strengthen the alien enemy round
up so that Teuton women spies, Aus
trian agents and other Teuton enit
saries can be curbed. Officials admit
ted today Germany's intrigue is by no
means checkmated by the registration,
of all German subjects in this country.
Pending congressional action, milT-tr-ry
protecton fo' barredi sones, muni
tion plants, dock and war rnsterinls
is being considered.
1 tnctrstion of Ame'can soil by
German spies has been going on for
the past fifteen years," said a high
justice official. "The real gsnt8 bavo
been placed in our bank, our big in
dustries, our railroads. They have be
come naturalized. They are as much
Americans under tbe law as I am."
Twenty-eight German subjects viho
were cleared out today after swear';.- ;
arrived in Washington since ApriJ ti
to their intended deal tuitions.