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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 8, 1917)
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FORTIETH YEAR NC J?4
SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1917
PRICE TWO CENTS STANDS FTVTC CKNTS
State Department In Possession of Telegrams of German
Officials at Buenos Aires Sent By Swedish Legation As
Their Own Treachery to Argentine Shown In Notes
( This Government May Break Relations with Sweden
1 Argentine May Enter War
Washington, Sept. 8.The subtle workings of a plot in
which Sweden violated neutrality and carried sinister
messages between Count Luxburg, Argentine German
charge d' aftaires, and Berlin was revealed by the state
Luxburg insolently advised his home office that it
need not heed Argentine's demands in the U-boat
He counselled that Germany refuse Argentine's pleas
and if necessary call in Spanish mediation.
Most daring of all his recommendations was that Ger
many compel Argentine ships to turn back or to sink
them without leaving any traces.
Sweden aided his machinations.
The Swedish legation at Buenos Aires forwarded his
messages to the Stockholm foreign office as their own
official messages. ...
This was a distinct violation of neutrality, which is
likely to result in a delicate situation between the allies
and Sweden while Argentine is expected to plunge into
the war, now that she sees Germany's scheme is against
Luxburg sarcastically referred to the acting Argentine
minister of foreign affairs as a "notorious ass and
The communications bore on Argentine's protest in the
Monte Protegedo case and subsequent developments.
The First Message ; .
Luxburg ' first message dated May
' KHh noted "a great change in public
foeiing, '.' in Argentine, as the result
of the settlement of the Monte case.
in this note Luxburg counselled that
1wo small Argentine steamers nearing
Bordeaux then shouuld be spared if
possible or else be "spurlos vorsenkt"
sunk without a trace.
Luxburg had access to news of tho
secret sessions of the Argentine senate
for on July third he cabled in his code
that the acting minister had declared
Argentine would demand that Berlin
promise to sink no more Argentine
The penalty was to be a breach, but
Luxburg suggested refusal and, if nec
essary, Spanish mediation.
On July 9th, following up his sinis
ter moves, Luxburg advised that there
be no show of concessions on Germanys
part and that she postpone her reply
until she had heard further from him.
At that time he saw a change of min
isters coming and counselled his gov
ernment either to turn back the Ar
gentine ships or ink them without
leaving any trace, or letting
Luxburg significantly suggested that
"they are all quite small."
The state department refused fur
tlief comment on the. subject than to
itimouuee it nail turned me messages ; ci mucin, nun nui i-n-nm-n ui.uii.ui
to the Swedish and Argentine envoys ' and Austrian ships in which hitherto
jK.rp I a guard had been placed. In coiiso-
Taken in connection with the Zim-iqucnce of the settlement of the Monte
niermann note, plotting embroilment of! (Protegido) ense there has been a great
Mnviro. Jafian and the United States ' change in -public feeling. Government
this latest revelation furnished clear
proof of administration statements
that Germany had plotted'seriously in
The state department revelations re
called the fact that a mysterious trunk
S 'BE MARTIN t
Th more beautiful homes folks have
tit' less they stay in 'em. Th' first ca,ie
' painter's colic amongst th' girls wuz
reported t'day when Miss Tawney A;!
pie wuz fjuad unconscious before her
of- supposedly official documents was
taken at Halifax from the ship which
took Former German Ambassador Von
Bernstorff to Europe. This box. carried
by a Swedish merchant and sealed by
the official legation stamp, was taken
by the British at London and the na
ture of its contents has never been re
vealed, though the legation here held
that its action was legitimate and that
the British had no right to seize the
Washington, Sept. 8. Sweden has
been acting as medium for transfer
ring German messages from the Ger
man charge at Buenos Aires via tho
Stockholm foreign office to Berlin, the
state department learned today.
The state department made the fol
"The department of state has secur
ed certain telegrams from Count Lux
burg, German charge d 'affaires at
Beunos Aires, to the foreign office at
Berlin which I regret to say,were dis
patched from Beunos Aires by the
Swedish legation as their own official
messages addressed to the Stockholm
"The following are English trans
lations of the German text
'May lit, 1!U7. Number 32. This
will in juuiie limy near rtigcimiie
ships as far as Lns Paliuas. I beg that
the small steamers Oran and Guazou,
thirty first January (meaning which
sailed thirty first), 300 tons, which are
(now) nearing Bordeaux with a view
to changing the flag, may be spared if
possible or else sunk without a trace'
being left. (Spurlos Veresenkt. ")
The Second Message
" 'July 3, litl", Number 59. I learn
from a reliable source tkat the ncting
minister for foreign affairs, who i3 a
notorious ass and Anglophyle, declar
ed in a secret- session of the senate
that Argentine would demand - from
Berlin, a promise not to sink more Ar
gentine ships. If not agreed to, rela
tions will be broken oti. I recommend
refusal and if necessary, calling in the
mediation of Spain.
The Third Message
" 'July 9, 1917. Number 64. With
out showing any tendency to make eon
cessions, jiostpone reply to Argentine
note until receipt of further reports. A
change of ministry is probable- As
regards Argentine steamers, I recom
mend either compelling to turn back,
sinking them without leaving any trac
es, or letting them through. They are
all otiite small.
The state department has communi
cated the messages to the Swedish and
Argentine missions here.
The effect is likely to be that this
government will break relations with
Sweden, while Argentine, inflamed at
such a plot, is likely to get directly in
to the war.
Sweden had never before been sus
pected of such a flagrant violation of
neutrality as permitting code messages
( Continued on page Bias.)
GET FEDERAL PLUMS.
Washington, Sept. 8. The fol-
lowing nominations were sent to
the senate today:
To be collector of customs,
district number 29, Portland, Or.
Will Moore of Pendleton, Or.
To be United States marshal
for the district of Oregon,
George F. Alexander, of Port-
To be registrar of the land of- ,
fico at North Yakima, Wash.,
Perry James Lyons, of Walla
sjc 3c ?Jc 5c jJc sf sfc $c fc Ssjc 5c sc sjt
POPE DISTRUSTFUL OF
Does Not Take Peace Program
of Allies As Told Hun by
New York, Sept. 8, Popo Benedict
is so distrustful of Bussia that this1 feel
ing amounts to an obsession," accord
ing to an interview ,. with the Holy
Father, printed today by the New York
Times. Thq quotations were printed by
tho London Daily News from its 'dip
lomatic correspondent and purported to
cover a talk with the pope some time in
Tho dispatch attributed to the pope
"What do the entente really want?
Whnt is their program? No one knows
and they never show any desire to for
mulato it concretely."
The correspondent detailed how he ex
plained the allies' demands for disarma
ment and annihilation of Prussian mil
itarism, a new Poland, division of Austria-Hungary
by racial units and evac
uation and indemnity of Belgium.
At this named item, the article des
cribed the pope as lifting up his hands
in astonishment and declaring:
"What a program! " The concluding
part of the interview was as follows,
according to the correspondent:
"The pope 'Russia has never been
tender to catholic interests. Look at the
way they treated Catholic . priests in
the diocese of Lembetg and then the
case of Archbishop Sznptycki. It was
"The correspondent .'The Germans
shot many priests in Belgium.'
"The pope 'Certainly, certainly!
War produces horrors everywhere!' "
Poets and other talented persons
have felicitated the man who goes
whistling to his work. But that was be
f oro he went whistling in a streetcar to
his work. ,
Story of Salem 's Bridges
$20,000 Owing on First;
$21,000 Due on Second One
The cost of building bridges across
the Willamette at Salem is going up.
The first bridge was built in 1886
and tho cost was $49,901. It was built
within the estimated cost.
The second bridge, built in 18P0 cost
84,401. The estimated cost was $59,-
The third bridge tobe erected before
August 1, 1918, will cust according to
Away back in 1870 there was consid
erable talk in Salem of buildincr a
bridge across the river at the foot of
State street. A company was formed to
build a toll bridge, but no action was
taken. Salem then was a city or about
On March 6, 1886, according to the
minutes of the city council "a large and
enthusiastic mass meeting of the citi
zens of Salem assembled for the purpose
of devising means to build a bridge
across the Willamette."
A government engineer recommended
C'hemeketa street. Other interests want
ed the bridge further north and Center
sticet was chosen. Under the act of
the legislature of October 21, 1876, the
city council decided to submit the prop
osition of expending $30,000. A bridge
committee was appointed of John H.
Albert, ehairman A. F. Wheeler and
Bonds Sold at Premium.
The committee working fast had se
cured bids from a San Francisco firm,
v ith an estimate of $48,887. Salem was
to pav $30,000. Marion eounty $15,000
and Polk county $3,000.
The city council submitted to the vo
ters the proposition nf rpting to sell
bonds for $30,000. The election held
June 23, 1886 resulted as follows: First
ward, 100 for and 3 against; second
ward, 316 for and 7 against; third ward
142 for and 9 against: fourth ward. 103
for and one against. Favoring the bond '
issue, o'js, and those opposed, 20. Three
blanks were cast.
John H. Albert as chairman of the
council committee reported July 20,
1886, that a contract had been closed.
On September 12, 1886, the records of
the city council show that the $30,000
bonds bad been sold at a premium of
About this time Senator Mitchell had
Rattle Rages Around Monte
M. tabnel, Neither Side
Can Hold It
ROME SAYS SITUATION
TODAY IS SATISFACTORY
Germans May Not March On
-Visit to Riga
Loudon, Sept. 8. Austria has lost
120,000 killed, wounded and taken pris
cuer by Italian forces since August it,
when General Cadorua assumed his
great offensive. Prisoners alone total
more than 30,000.
Tho figures were contained lu semi
official dispatches received today. They
indicated the tremendous drain on the
dual monarchy 's man power which has
forced Vienna to demand demand rein
forcements of Berlin.
Fighting was continuing violently at
two points on the buttle front around
Monte 6t. Gabriel and south of Her
niada. St. Gabriel was still a stumbling
block in the Italian advance, it has
been in the hands of General Cadorna's
troops at least five times now, but on
each occasion Austrian counter attacks,
niade regardless of staggering casual
ties, have wrested it from them.
The fighting on the Hermada sector
was in a series of desperate counter
attacks by the Austrians. New and pick
ed troops were engaged. It is here that
Austria evidently feels the menace to
Trieste is strongest and has massed hor
greatest forces to repel the advance.
Rome described the situation as cn-
tireljrsatisfacturyi'.iroday for the Italian
troops. - .
' Talking of Reprisals.
London, Sept. 8. England talked re
prisals again today. Indignation over
the certainty that German airmen were
deliberately nttacking hospitals was
brought to a focus by the news or the
bombing of the American units on the
In official circles it was pointed out
that British fliers were nightly bomb
ing German ammunition dumps, railway
(Continued on page eight.)
congress pass a bill, "An Act of Con
gress Approved July 29, 1886, eneitled,
An act authorizing the city of Salem
to construct a bridge across the Wil
lamette river." Plans were submitted
to the council that the bridge had been
accepted at a total cost of $49,901. The
city recorder was authorized to col
lect $3,000 from Polk county.
Polk County Against It.
Polk county had held out on the
bridge aud would not come in with
Salem and Marion county. But the citi
zens just across the river wanted a
bridge and in order to hurry matters, a
citizens meeting was held at Brush col
lege and 22 citizens went on a note
agreeing to pay Polk county's $5,000,
provided their county court refused to
pay the county's share. However, this
was not necessary, as the city recorder
reported December 7, 1886, Polk county
had sent over a warrant for $5,000, but
without endorsement. It was paid by
A. Bush who sent it to the treasurer
of Polk county for proper endorsement.
The city of Salem still owes $20,000
on that first bridge and is paying inter
est at 5 per cent. The bonds were re
funded October 8, 1910 and will be due
on October 8. 1920.
Bridge number two has been a hoo
doo almost from the day of its com
pletion. The City of Salem still owes
$21,000 on bridge number 2. The bom's
were refunded April 1, 1914, for $30,000
and within the past three years $9,000
has been paid. Hence on the two first
bridges, Salem still owes $41,000 draw
ing interest at five per cent.
Went Out in 1890.
The big flood was in early February
1890 when the first bridge went out.
Water covered part of Salem known
as Peppermint flats and came up on
High street from Ferry as far as the
court house. The eitixrns at once urged
a new bridge. The Marion eounty court
agreed to pay $10,000 on condition that
Polk pay the same and that Salem pay
the balance provided the re building did
not cost more than $40,000. If a greater
sum was expended, each was to pay one
At the April term of the eounty court
the bid of Hoffman & Bates of about
(Continued from page six.)
STEPS IN GERMAN KTJLTXTE
Murder of Belgian women and
White slavery forced on
French women prisoners.
Bombardment of open towns
V on uritish coast.
Aerial attacks on nou-mili-
tary districts in England.
Sinking of the Lusitania.
Deportation of Belgian work-
Murder of Edith Cavell.
Murder of Captain Fryatt.
Ruthless submarine attacks on
Torpedoing qf British hospital
Well poisoning during west re-
Compelling French prisoners
to work in firing line.
Acriul attacks on British and
French advance base hospitals.
Aerial attacks on American .
rear base hospitals.
!E TO BE
Richest Race of Season Fill
Try Mettle of 2-Year-01ds
On Saratoga Track
New York, Sept. 8. Pnpp, the fa-
vorito, won tho Futurity stakes at Bol
moitt Park track this afternoon. Escoba
was second and Rosie O 'Grady third.
Papp's time was 1:12. He carried
127 pounds through the mud over the
six furlongs straight away course to
Winner's Share $15,450.
New York, Sent. 8 Tho richest race
of the season with the single exception
oi tno Hopetul staKcs at Saratoga
track, will be run off at Belmont track
this afternoon in the futuritv for two
year olds, over a course of six furlongs.
luo day opened with a driving ram
that made a heavy track a certainty.
f atrp, however, elected as the tavor-
ite, remains there. He likes a muddy
track and, if anything, is conceded an
even better chance of winning than if
the track was fast.
The winner's share of today's race
will be $15,450. The gross value is $20,
900. The futurity is one of the oldest and
richest fixtures of the American turf.
Its first running was in 1888. It was
not raced in 1911-12 and 1909 and
1913 it was run on the Saratoga track.
The race, unhko most of the richest
stakes, docs not get its entries from
nominations, reedcrs share in it by nam
ing brood mares, the progeny of which
is eligible to start. Today 's .race iB
over a straight away course.
HOW BATTERS STAND
By H. C. Hamilton
(United Press staff correspondent)
New York, Sept. 8. Just as the time
approaches when hitting will count
most for the White Sox, Joe Jackson
and Eddie Collins, tho principal ash
lemons of the Chicago club, are begin
ning to come through.
Averages iiuiilisnen touny snoy jacK-
son rapidly nenring the .300 class, with
Collins pounding along nehinu. Jack
son is hitting -292 and Collins is bang
ing away at .281. There is still a chance
that both will finish among the elect.
Ty Cobb 's average slumped a couple
of points during the last week; Figures
today credit him with .380. Georgo Sis-1
ler is second with .352 and Speaker is
hitting .348. Other .300 hitters are Ba
den Boston; Kuth, Boston; Kelsch, Chi
cago; Russell, New York; Russell, Chi
cago; Lewis, Boston; Chapman, Cleve
land; Roth, Cleveland; Veach, Detroit;
liodie, Philadelphia; Rice, 'Washington,
and Mclnnis, Philadelphia.
Eddie Rousch is hitting .345 in lat
est averages maintaining his leadership
in the National league. Hornsby, St.
Louis, is second, with .326 and Gron,
Cincinnati, is third with .314. Others
in the heavy bludgeon class. arc Kauff,
New York;' Wheat, Brooklyn; Wilhoit,
New York; Fischer, Pittsburg; Burns,
New York;' Carey, Pittsburg; Cruise,
Klepl'er. Cleveland, still has the best
average among American league pitch
ers, having won 12 and lost three.
Russell. Chicago, is second, wnn in
and four; Mays, Boston, third, with 18
Salloc New York, leads the National
league flingcrs with 15 victories and
five defeats; Benton, New York, is sec
ond, with 12 and four, and Bender,
Philadelphia, third, with six and two.
San Francisco. Kept. 8 Norman Ross
. i .1 I i.i'. k.if
is Tne new nomer oi inv wwim a .,.
ports of the Honolulu sjMjrt carnival
received nere toubv. noso nnttu
oun ii .(IT 4 S ..i;... .Inn turn ar.Jftnila
Jfl 11. ml BUl'J'1" --'
off Ludv Longer 's previous record.
uuKe rvannnainomi wai um
the national 100 yard championship,
iff:-, fl ..: - 11 1 .... nt To Vnrk
JllBB ' II 1 1 I viaiiiKC.ii - - '
won the quarter mile event with Miss
Dorothy Hums 01 1X)S angeics st-run i
i -ti I ' II- Uan Pran.
anil iss rrani-rs vunrnn ui
cisco third- Miss Burns won the fifty
i j i
PRESIDENT TAKES BEST.
New York, Sept. 8. President and
Mrs. Wilson slipped into New York by
train today and as quietly slipped out
again on board the presidential yacht
Mayflower on a brief cruise.
Five Buildings Burned In Fire
Which Quickly Followed
CAP STRUCK FLOOR WHEN
BIG SHELL WAS DROPPED
Two Dead, Two Missing and
oil Injured, Among Latter
Philadelphia, Sept. 8. Fivo build
ings at the Frankford government ar
senal hero are iu ruius, two workers
are dead, and thirty, including several
women, are injured, followiue a ser
ies of five explosions at 2 o'clock this
Iwo employes have not been account
Colonel Montgomery, commandant of
the arsenal, would make no statement
regarding tho cause of the explosion.
Among tne workers the first report
was that a six inch shell, into which
powder was being pressed in the high
explosives buildiug R. A. Houso No.
A later explanation was that a work
man dropped a three inch shrapnel shell
which exploded when the precussion car
struck tho floor, throwing shrapnel in
The two bodies have not been iden
tified, one being burned beyond rcog
nition. The missing are Edward Batzol
and a janitor named Fox.
The buildings destroyed wero two
R. A., or artillery assembling houses,
numbers 7 and 6 aud three IX of dry
houses. The R. A. houses are houses- in
which high 'explosives are handled and
the loading of big shells is part of the
work done. The l.v houses are those m
whie powder, gun cotton and fuses are
All the buildings were of frame con
struction excepting R. A. house number
a new brick structure.
Oscar Wistner, Jr. who, with his sis-
tor, Claro, was at work filling shells in
the loading room iu plant R. A., number
2, told this story of the accident:
'here was a uiinaing Hash ana a ter
rific explosion which threw us to the
ground. When the shock was'over, there
was a mad stampede for exits. I was
trampled on by Beveral men.
'l got out oi the crush and searciica
for my sister. Flames were shooting
about in every direction. Girls screamed
many fainted, while others were moan
ing from injuries. I found my sister
covered with wreckage, and dragged
her, unconscious, to safety."
According to Histuer, shrapnel new
in all directions through the crowded
!i00 Were at Work. .
Two hundred persons were at work in
the various arsenal buildings and in
tho yards at tho time of the explosion.
The first explosion is understood to
have occurred iu powder house number
seven, where six inch shells were being
uno of the shells exploded, according
to early reports, igniting other explo
sive in the building and the entire
structure was soon in flames.
The fire then spread to three other
buildings in whih powder, fuses and
gimcotton are dried.
All of these biiimings were very cnme
together, and the explosions as the
flames spread to mem came in rupiu
Work in the arsenal was ordered sus
pended at once by Colonel Montgomery
tho commandant, but at 6:45 lie res
cinded this order and ordered the work
ers admitted as usual.
Confusion both in the plant aim in
tho surrounding neighborhood iouoneo
the series of blasts. As the men and
women einploved iu the arsenal rushed
from the buildings, their relatives ran
to the scene iu thousands, frantic with
Boldiers Do Fine worn.
The dead had not been identified ear
ly today. On? body was found in rn
wreckage and there ere reports that
others had been seen.
Eight members of the Fourth battal
ion of the Fortv Seventh New York in
fantry, on guard duty at the arsenal,
;i..,i tn iiuK-pr an earlv roll call after
tiicy had been engaged in rescue worlc
for several hours. Colonel Januicky is
in command of these) troops. iier...s... u.
the New Yorkers iu braving the flamet
and the danger of further explosions
while helping the Irigiitenea ana
ed workers to safety won them great
Heavy rain which fell during the
night is believed to have prevented
worse damaga than resulted.
ti. i,lior on dutv said without the
rain they would have been unable to
i fiomiii from the large
mairazinc where thousands of pounds
I of powder is stored.
Well, and how
do vou like oysters
r ix wm m a wm m mm
WITH THE PEOPLE
Mast Bs On Basis Peoples of
the World Would Be Jus
tified In Accepting
WOULD BE MADNESS TO
MAKE PEACE WITH RAISES
High Authorities In Washing
ton Make More Plain
. (By Robert J. Bender)
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
(Copyright 1917, by the United Press)
Washington, Sept. 8. Full suffrage)
for a Germany rid of Hohenzollornism,
right of disputed territories to speak for
their own futures and restitution and
restoration for those countries trodden
under foot during the war, means peace.
Northing short of this ean terminate
To clear up the confusion created by
the state department's recent announce
ment in apparent conflict with Presi
dent Wilson's reply to the popo, tha
United Press sought and obtained today
a semi-official interpretation of the ad
ministration's actual attitude, an inter
pretation vouched for by the highest
The allies cannot talk peace with tha
Hohenzollerns in the opinion of admin
istration officials. The Germnn people
should act promptly to eliminate en
tirely this dynasty and abandon all mil
itaristic rule, if the war is not to g
Mock Reforms Must Go.
Bluff reform, bucIi as merely making;
the, chancellor subject to the will ot
tho rcMistag, is not sufficient. Them
must be a clear-knowledge among the
allies of full responsibility of the Ger
manic powers to their people.
Acceptability of Germany's internal
reforms will not depend upon the de
cision of tho United States, or Eng
lnnd, or France, but be such as tha
"other peoples of the world would bo
justified in accepting."
This point, it is stated, is ono of the
most important in the president's re
ply to the pope. It means, in fact, that
(he United States believes all the allies
and tho jest of the world shall ait as
court of judgment' on Germany's in
The United States will ne guinea in
its peace opinions largely oy nai.uu,
which have had tho most cxpenenca
with Germany France, for example.
France believes it would bo madness to
enter peace negotiations with the kaiser.
So does the United States.
People Musi tieciuo.
When President Wilson said peace
must rest upon the rignis oi ii-.",
great mid smull not upon governments
he meant it literally, and that point
nnplics directly to his utterance against
dismemberment of empires.
It is declared that a-w''.
Holstein, wrostcu ny
Denmark in 18-rto not "li 1
tegrnl parts of the body and sm.l of
Germany and Austria. Bosnm and Her-
7eenviua w.'rn assumed ny "-..
fvecutivV orde, in 100,,. Alsace-Lorraine
vns rnrt of the Teutonic spoils of the
wnr of 1870. ,i,ia
The administration iuu""
be given the ngni i 'i'" .ho,
selvcs or attach themselves to othe
Door upen, jjuv
T.;o.iTer7.effovina, for instance
understood to desire a berth m tne pro
posed Jugo-Plav state, the nucleus ot
,,ich is Serbia and Montenegro. At tha
same time, Pnlmatia, Fiume, Istria,
Trieste and Gorizia, upon which Italy
has designs, also desire entrance int
hi, state-nnd the official view ' here
that these state also should be al
lowed to determine their respective
fa,T"ere must, of course, be
. ' LiHn,l and restoration and resti
, ion or ' BilKi-m, neutralization of
the Dardanelles, and some rein on Tur-
VuCs cannot 'come in with
(Continued on page 4x)
and Sunday prob
ably fair; gentlo
THIS is Ao