Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (March 6, 1917)
OVEll 4300 DAILY
4 m $t a
III. .4 1: i I;r . j i '
FORTIETH YEAR NO. 5G
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, MARCH 6, 1917
PRICE TWO CF!7Tn " TBAIK3 LKB KKW9
$ m i kit m
ifir !J ifiiiramifir
more of in bfj11ist0rffs
operations are uncovered
when Fleers arrested
Left Funds" for Stirring Revolt .dia Is Statement of Men
Arrested In New York Othei iotters Admit They In
tended To Blow Up Freight TerminalsAlso Planned To
Blow Up Subway and Store of Munitions On Black
New York, March 6.Four arrests of alleged German
plotters within 24 hours have added startling revelations
to the story of Teutonic activities in the United States,
the first chapters of which were writtenby Boy-ed, Von
Papen, Von Igel and Tauscher.
Hoboken police this afternoon held Hans Schwarz,
who, they claimed, admitted he was an accomplice of
Fritz Kolb, arrested yesterday, following discovery of
bombs and explosives in. his hotel room. Their plan, it is
said, was to set bombs on Black Tom peninsula, the Lack
awanna freight terminal which was devastated by ex
plosion six months ago. Black Tom is now jammed with
highly explosive munitions.
While these two alleged plotters were held without
bail for hearing in Hoboken tomorrow, having been
sweated by police and federal agents for hours, two plot
ters of a much higher order, whose scheme involved a re
volt in India, were turned over to federal authorities in
Dr. C. Hanador Chakiaberty, a Hindu physician, who
recently returned from a visit to Germany, and Dr.
Ernest Sckunner, a German, were arrested today in their
lavishly furnished Morningside apartment.
Five hours of grilling by Deputy Com
missioner Scull, it was said, brought
J' nun them the admission that $00,000
of the German propnganda funeT left in
this country when Count Von Berns
torf'f. Von Igel and Hans Tauscher sail
ed on the Frederick VIII was turned
over to the pair to bo used in foment
ing a revolt and plotting au invasion of
II 1 1 I ! n through China.
After examination at headquarters,
the oriental and his more stolid Ger
man companion were taken to the fed
eral building this afternoon. The future
disposal of the two men rests with the
department of justice
Would Stir Up India.
Ni'' York, March 0. Dr. Chanader
Cliiikiaberty, a Hindu prysieian and Dr.
Tiniest Sckunner, a German, arc under
arrest at New York police headquarters,
i li:iigcd with " setting on foot a mili
tary expedition against a friendly na
tion." They will be arraigned today
before federal authorities.
The two admitted, after a grilliug
lasiiug from 7 o'clock last night to 5
(i 'clock this morning, that thev had re
ceived $00,000 from Wolff Von Igel, al
b.'god German plotter.
The object of the plot, according to
the police, was to start a revolution in
The two men were tnken from a sump
ti'uiisly furnished apartment at 301
Vt'cM 120th street, where, detectives
suited, they found a quantity of mys
terious chemicals, pamphlets for incit
ing the Hindus to revolt, and a large
aiii 'imt of aluminum caps, shaped like
Hired by Von Igel.
- rvknnnor's confession is said to have
lovealed the plot. It is declared to have
been corroborated by his Hindu com
panion. He is said to have told the po
lice that Chakiaberty went to Germany
some time ago, traveling as a Persian
under a false passport.
' tit cecur
V:, fit "
'Squire Marsh Swallow wants it t' be
known that he's now squarely 1ack o'
IV'-si-lcut Wilson although he is abnor
mally a republican. Th ' feller who
vseel t' vote th' prohibition ticket jest
t' ave our boys, now has his coat off
win-kin' fer ration wide prohibition t'
s-.iv - our women.
V w. W. . V:' HI .
fflU I ml
i He returned with information, it is
said, and reported to Von Igel in Wash
ington. ., ' ...
Voii Igol, it is said, gave the men
I it 00,000 for carrying on their opera-
The police declared other arrests arc
expected. The connection of a Chinese,
vho is said to have agreed to get muni
tions into India from China, is being
Von If el is now on the Frederick
VIII, homeward bound with Count Von
Bernstorff, having had his $25,000 bond
under a conspiracy indictment released
the day before the ship sailed. He was
held along with Hans Tanchcr, Krupp
agent in the United states, in connec
tion with the Wetland canal plot. Von
Igel was given safe conduct as a mem
ber of the German ambassador's party.
Jt was indicated, when his bona was
lifted, that the department of justice
t Washington approved his release and
return to Germany.
Big Bomb Plot Indicated.
Since the departure of Bernstorff
there have been reports of a $2,OU(),000
propaganda fund left here, to be used
by German agents working for some
unknown new chief.
The arrest of the two alleged plot
ters today was made by Captain Tun
uey, police bomb expert, who was sent
to Hoboken yesterday afternoon when
Deputy Police Commissioner Scull re
ceived word of the arrest of Fitz Kolb.
The connection between the two cases
vas not apparent, but Chief of Police
Mayes, of Hoboken, was quoted today
as predicting six more arrests would
follow from the arrest of Kolb, in whose
room were found bombs and explosives.
Two possible new angels of tho re
ported wholesale plot developed today
when the detective department sent men
to every subway station in the city on
hearing of a plan to blow up the sub
way and Jesey City authorities report
ed munition shipments yesterday put a
greater supply of high explosives on
Black Tom peninsula than the great
freight terminal has ever known be
fore. The detective bureau refused to dis
cuss the tip with them to take precau
tionary measures in the subway. The
new shipments of munitions for the al
lies to the scene of the great devastat
ing explosion six months ago made it a
great prize for a bomb squad, if such is
now plotting destruction of munitions
plants, as scratching of the surface of
the Kolb case seems to indicate.
Sends Wheat Up Again
Chicago, March 6. Increased de
mand for American wheat by both the
United Kingdom and the continent, to
gether with high offerings, caused
wheat to gain several points today.
Cash wheat continued firm. May wheat
I opened up half, later gaining 2K to
jfrl.Hl 3-S. July opened up haflf, later
gaining 1 S S. to 1.00 3-8; September
opened up ',4 and gained I1,, goin to
Corn opened strong, the feature of
the pit being the smallness of the of
ferings. May corn opened up 3-8, later
gaining 2 cents to $1.08 7-8. July open
ed up 3-8 and gained 1V4 to $1.07 7-S.
September opened up and gained 1
cent to 1.0fl 5-8.
Oats ruled' stendv. Mav opened up
3-8, later gaining 3-9 to COVi. July
also showed gain, opening up 3-S and
later gaining half to 58 1-8.
BRITISH ADVANCE MENACES BAPAUME,
KEY TO THE GERMAN SOMME POSITIONS
wfly.ro RING Line.
Under cover of fog and mist the
Germans carried out the greatest retire
ment they have made on tho western
front in the past two years, and the
British swept into possession of Pys,
Serro, Miraumont and Petit Mirauinont
including the famous Butte de War
lencourt, which has been the scene of
some of the fiercest fighting of the
wnr and in places is deep with the
bones of dead men.
Tho exact extent of the German re
tirement approaches a depth Of three
miles at some points. British patrols
are out in all directions harassing the
Germans and keeping in touch with
It can bo stated that chc British now
or soon will be in a position possibly
to force tho evneuation of Bapaume,
which has been the key to the German
position since the beginning of the bat
tle of the Somme. The points which al
ready have fallen iuto their hands
have stood out m the history ot light
ing on this front and hnd been most
stubbornly defended. Only a few days
ago when the British attacked on a two
mile front east and south ot Mirau
mont and Pys tho German resistance
was bitter, and the high ground desir
ed was won only after desperate hand
to hand encounters and the taking of
more than 800 German prisoners.
Has Inaugural Address Cabled
To Ail Foreign
SENATE IS WORKING TO
PROVIDE FOR CLOTURE
Rule They Are Trying To
Change May Preveni This
Washington, March C To "set Eu
rope right" on the position of the Uni
ted States in the international situation,
today President- Wilson has instructed
that copies of his inaugural address be
brought to the attention of all foreign
governments as "information."
Out of the rapid succession of devel
opments in the past few days expos
ures of plots against this country, dila
tory tactics and non-action by congress
and the armed ship situation it is the
official belief here that misinformation
might easily be going abroad.
Danger of false reports, misconstruc
tion of the president's words or activ
ities, has been pointed out before and
it is understood the president's address
yesterday had for one purpose putting
of this country as well as the whole
world on the right track as to his
It was pointed out that the president
has warned of the fact that the United
States is armed and may, if necessary,
be drawn "to a more active assertion of
our rights" and possibly "a more im
mediate association" with the war it
self. On the other hand, the president em
phasized that America's was thp "part
of those who mean to indicate to forti-
(Cont'mucd ot page two.)
P. i ' L ,' . ; AMERICAN PRESS
EUROPE RIGHT AS
TMiEPyAud' ' jSi ii i . - -
A T V A ' ' POUCHAVESNE9"
..f -a """""SSi 5IN?
-v f J ' .11 . E2nn
The space inclosed within tho heavy
black lines on the accompanying map
shows the recent British advance, and
Washington, March 0. For
the first time in w-eeks the pur
ple and orange banners of the
Congressional Union Suffrag-ettoi-
were absent today from
the gates of the White House.
"Picketing the president"
has been temporarily abandon
ed for new courses, to be made
public, soon, of pursuing the
HERE INTERESTS LiE
Premier Says Ii Would Be
Madness To Violate Faith
By Ralph H. Turner.
(United Press staff correspondent.).
Tokio, March 0 Japan knows fully
well where her true interests lie and
would be "committing an act of sheer
madness if she attempted to violate !
her plighted faith with tho allies,";
Field Marshal Count Seiki Terauchi, ;
premier of Japan, told the United Press
in an exclusive interview today.
His statement follows:
"By Field Marshal Seiki Terauchi, !
"Premier of Japan. j
' ' The report of Germany 's latest
move towards a combination of. Japan
and Mexico aj;ainst the United States j
reveals the persistence with "VHie.h the;
Germans are exerting themselves to r:r-'
tran go Japan from the United States
and at the ."time time shows their com
(Continued on page six.
A SOLID BED OF COAL
Rio De Janeira, March 0. On
his return from a trip to the in
terior today the Brazilian min
ister of industries declared that
the state of Minas Geraes (about
the size of California) is practi
cally one solid bed of e" Im
ported bituminous coal (the only
available kind) is selling in this
city for it'ia a ton.
the photograph is that of British
diers advancing to the battlo
j. through a ruined village.
Is Not Sorry Instructions Be
came Known Regarding
MISFORTUNE WAS THAT
Count Von Revcntlow Assails
Him for Solidifying
Amsterdam, March 0- Foreign Sec
retary Zimmerman's second defense of
his action in seeking to align Japan;
and Mexico with Germany against
erica, was that criticism 'from certain
Germans of such a course illfitted p.v
ious complaints that Germany wasn't
doing enough to acquire new allies.
Much an explanation, according to
Berlin dispatches received hero today,
wan Zimmerman's answer to socialist"!
queries in the main committee of the
reichstag at its meeting late yesterday
The secretary laid particular 8tres on
tho fact that his instructions to Minis
ter Kckhurdt at Mexico City were based
only on the United States entering the
"America is not justified in becoming
excited," Zimmerman was quoted as de
daring, "I nuppose our step made a
particularly deep impression abroad-
"It was a national and a justifiable
precaution. I am not sorry the instruc
tions became known regarding Japan.
A secure way was chosen to send in
structions. It wa a misfortune, how
ever, that the American government ob
tained them but that does not alter the
fact that the step we took was neces
sary." Newspaper comment from all over
(Continued on page three.)
AUSTRIA HAS QUALIFIED HER
IHDKEHBIT OF HWS
SIHHIHG MERCHAHT SHIPS
In Note Received by State
Unnot live Up Her Right To Sink 'Enem? Herc&arf-men-But
Evidently Places Neutral Ships In Separate
ClassThis Government Not Disposed To Break Over
A Theory, But Will Await Actions
Washington. March 6. Austria fvannnt oi nn Vict-
right to sink 'enemy merchantmen," she declares in her
reply to the American aide memoire received at the state
Austria does not, however, include neutral merchant
ships under this right Hence, authorities are inclined to
xeei mat sne nas strexenea
American effort to avoid a
ihe government, upon first reading of the reply, was
inclined to wait for acts by Austria. Her words, officials
said, indicated a desire on Austria's part to avoid a break
with the United States, even though she supports the
"theory" of Germany's unlimited submarine warfare.
More significant still is the fact that Austria ap
parently has no submarines of her own where witlh to
carry out even her threat against enemy merchantmen.
Authorities feel that in view of Austria's effort to pre
vent a break, it would be advisable at this time to await
developments to see if she carries out submarine warfare
against vessels other than enemy merchantmen.
The government is not inclined to break over endorse
ment of a "theory."
Austria's reply is far less conclusive than her original
note sent shortly after Germany's barred zone decree, and
in which sue upueiu strongly
"For more than two years the cen
tral powerB hesitated, and only then,
after carefully considering the pros and
cons did they begin to return like for
like in attacking the enemy on the
seas," tho note asserted. Continuing,
the government expressed its "pain"
that Knglnnd, under "law of tho hour"
violated tho freedom of tho seas.
"Although tho central powers do not
desire to beg for allies, yet they bcliovo
they are entitled to look to neutrals for
appreciation of their efforts to revive
in the interest of all the principles of
international law and those equal rights
of nations," the note continued.
Continuing, the note declared that
America's note on the Ancona case "re
served the right later to bring up dif
ficult international questions in connec
tion with the submarine warfare."
"Tho government," Jt said, "desires
to show America that it adheres strict
ly to the assurances given and that it
will endeavor to clcarup all disputed
points, in order to avoid misunderstand
ings." The note also expressed Austria's in
ability to' surrender her right to at
tack enemy merchantmen carrying con
traband to the enemy, without warning,
but the note specifically holds noutral
merchantmen as of another classifica
The reply is tho most lengthy diplo
matic note received nt tho state depart
ment in a long time. It covcrB about 20
Officials who had made a brief study
cf it this forenoon all agree that it
tended to cive coincessions to tho Am
erican position mid all felt it would
servo to avert a break.
Approves German Theory.
Amsterdam, March 6. Austro-IIun-
gnry supports the theory of unrestricted
submarine warfare. Approval of Ger
many's course was reiterated by the
Viennese government in a note handed
American Ambassador I'enfield today,
recording to dispatches here- The note
was in formal answer to America's re
quest, through I'enfield, for an explana
tion whether A ustiia-Hungary 'b pledges
in the Ancona and 1'ersia submarining
still hold, or whether she, liko Germany,
supported tho unlimited use of subma
rines. A summary of the noto received hero
asserts that, while Austria supports rue
essential beliefs of the American gov
ernment, as to protection to bo afford
ed nrulrals' lives, nevertheless, neutrals
have had full and complete warning not
to penctrato the central powers' "bar
red zone" and if they do so they are
responsible, themselves, for any losses.
"This step was taken," tho noto de
clared, "from tho convention that it
would help make the principle of the
freedom of the seas victorious. Tho sub
marines (n ising around Englnnd an
nounce to tuo peoples who need the sea
that the d-i.v is not far off when the
flags of a'.l states can freely fly over
Th greater part of the noto was de
voted to the denunciation of the entente
powers find particularly England, for
their "illegal methods of sea blockad
ing and violation of international law"
in interfering with neutral commerce to
the central powers.
Tho note "cherishes the hopo that the
submarine announcement will find an
echo everywhere that neutrals live"
and that it will be "especially under-
Department, Ausiria Says
a point m order to meet the
me uerman intention.
stood by the gfent people of the United
States, whose most illustrious represen
tative during the war defended with
flaming swords tho freedom of the seas,
and their use as a highway for all na
"The Austro-Hungarian government
has carefully studied the legal qnostion.i
involved, and has been unable to reach'
the conclusion that neutrals arc entitled
to travel without molestation on enemy
' ' A belligerent is released from all
consideration of human life if its oppon
ent sinks merchantmen without warning
as in tho Klcktra, Dubrobnik and
"Austria-Hungary believes it is per
missible to destroy a ship without rescu
ing those aboard if those aboard refuse
to enter boats."
U. S. Supreme Court Holds
Neutrality Violated Many
Washington, March 0. Lieutenant
Hans Berg's heroic trip across the At
lantic with tho British steamer Appam,
captured by tho German raider Mocwo,
proved futile today when the supremo
court awarded the vessel to her British,
Justico Day, reading the opinion, said
tho Appam 'b use of a I'nited Htatea port
in tho circumstances when she eould
have touched at a Kuropean neutral
port and saved o,(IOO miles of its jour
ney, was a clear violation of neutral
rights of the United States.
The courts of the United States, ho
said, cannot bo used by belligerents as
Home Must Stand Trial.
Washington, March ( Werner Home,
alleged German army officer, charged
with responsibility for a plot to blow"
up tho Canadian Pacific railroad brido
crossing tho Canadian border at Vancc-
( Continued on page three.)
THE WEATHER t
Oregon: Fair .
west p o rtiou