Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 7, 1916)
OVER 4000 DAILY
ift jjt 3 )fl i( jff sft )t )Jt 3fE t 3 jjt 9
THIRTY-NINTH YEAR-NO. 263
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1916
opipt? Tier rrwra on trains and nbwb
a. &u.u A n w WUil XkJ RTAND8 TTTH rTT.VTSi
Teutons Press Forward and Occupy Two More Important
Cities 106 Officers and 9,100 Men Captured Russian
Troops Covered Left Flank. of Retreating Rumanians
Oil and Machinery Destroyed and Grain Removed Be
fore Bucharest Fell
Petrograd, Dec. 7.Russian troops covered the left
flank of the Rumanians in their retreat from Bucharest.
The war office statement today announced the evacu
ation of the Rumanian capital as having taken place at
"Our troops covering the left flank of the Rumanian
southwards, retired also," the statement said.
In the Trotush fighting in Wallachia the Rumanians
retired eastward, the report said, under enemy pressure,
their rear guard holding the Teutons.
In the Transylvanian fighting around Shelvova, the
enemy captured a small portion of the Russian positions,
but was driven out by a counter attack. In the region of
Carbuzov and Gunalovtze two enemy companies forced
part of some demolished trenches. The Gunalovtze posi
tion was later restored to Russian hands.
Praises His Army.
Borll ,-' finyville wireless, Dec. 7.
Occupation of C'ampina und Sinaca, in
audition to the Iimnaniuit capital of
F. icharost, was announced a9 further
advance made by German troops in to
day's official statement.
"The defeat ed enemy retreat along
the whole front, "-the. statement de
clared. A. major part of tlio statement was a
laudation of the bravery, skill and
speed of the Austro-lIuoguiiuu-German-Turkish
troops who swept over liuman
in, defeating the Rumanian army and
the Russian rcinforeeiuents which were
The Ninth German nrmy reported
capture of 100 officers and 0,100 men
of other ranks yesterday, declaring that
operations nnd engagements are con
tinuing. "Yesterday powerful successes
crowned the lnbor nnd fighting in
which, tinder Field Marshal Von Mack
enscn, troops of tho Ninth and Danube
!i.inii-j, minor clear-sighted leadership,
b.fented by quick strokes, the Ruman
ian enemy and the summoned Rua.iinii
Teiu'fnrcemputs, the statement said.
"The commander nnd these troops re
ceived the victory's reward Bucharest,
capital of the country, which nt present
is the last victim of the entente policy.
Vloesti nnd Cnmpina nnd Sinueu' are also
in our possession.
".Fighting courageously nnd tenac
iously, with the will of victory, our
troops stormed nnd conquered in nil ef
forts asked of them.
"Besides the Herman main forces,
the brave Austro-IIungnrinii-Rulgurian
nnil Turkish troops did splendid work."
Romovcd All Oram.
London, Pee. 7. Bucharest nnd Fine
st i were evacuated by the allies in order
to shorten the line in Wullnchin. Gen
eral Maurice, director of nllied military
operations, declared here today.
"Oil and machinery were fairly well
destroyed before tho Germans arrived,"
lie continued. "The grain was also re
lieved." "The Tiunianinns were short on heavy
amis, although amply supplied with
linht artillery nnd dependent for am
in inition on Russia. The retirement was!
pi ineipnllc due to the railroads, which
wro ample but unorganized. "
Th' ole fashioned girl .
In. tie o' v'mlet ink mi ' a pi
gold pen, now has a dn
us. th' corner drug stc
Why don't th' feller who
speech maker let it go nt th V" ljnou?-
lS UC fl HO
Berlin, yiia Sayvillc wireless, Dee. 7.
There wnV great rejoicing iu Berlin
, yesterday evening when eottr.i editions
. announced tho fall of Bucharest and
tho conquest of Ploesti. Knormous
: crowds assembled in the streets and
. sang the national anthem.
Editorially all newspapers today ex
1 pressed general satisfaction that a
faithfuless ally received speedy ' pun
ishment," and regret that lhatianu
(Rumanian prime minister) and his
"accomplices" wero not captured.
5The fato of Rumania can be con
sidered ns sealed," the newspapers de
clare, ''since what remains of the
country can definitely be considered as
' Sofia, Dec. 7. Smashing of despor
ato Rusao-Rumnnian attacks and oc
cupancy of the bridgehead near Oup
acnnistniVan was announced in today's
, official statement.
I Russians and Rumanian forces strove
j desperately in attacks on the lower
I course of the Arges river in Wallachia,
but were beaten back.
Many of the Arges bridges were
: destroyed by the enemy, but Bulgarian
forces forded the river near Copacenis-
taivan and took, the bridgehead.
Retired in Good Order.
Paris, Dec. 7. The Uutuanians evacu
ated Bucharest iu good order, saving
their nrmy, it was authoritatively stat
ed here today. The Humauian rear
guard was forced to fight strenuously
to cover the retreat.
The above is the first admission from
any allied source confirming the Ger
man official statement late yesterday
that Burhnrest had fallen into the Teu
Berlin, via Snyville wireless, Dec. 7.
The Russian offensive in the wooded
Carpathians is continuing with a tem
porarily increasing fire in -Moldavia ami
forefield skirmishes north of Doruava
tra and in the Trotosul valley. All at
tacks were repulsed.
City Was Deserted.
Amsterdam, Dec. 7. Bucharest was
almost deserted of civilians as well as
of soldiers when thcRuiuuniun capital
city was captured by the Gcriunns. Re
ports here today said theity was not
A Surprise Attack.
Paris, Dec. 7. Success of a French
surprise attack east of Metzeral was an
nounced in today's official statement.
The French forces captured a number
Paris, Dee, 7. A blockade of Greece
as a measure of reprisal for tiie riots
iu Athens in which French marines were
fired upon, will be officially announced
Trial for Murder
Thompson Falls, Mont., Dee. 7. A. S.
Ainsnorth, newspaper publisher, wns
scheduled to come to tiiul today on a
charge of urging Miss Kdith Coiby to
kill A. B. Thomas, politicion.
Alms ( olbv, who was convicted of
j second degree murder, will be sentenced
: Saturday, i tie jury fixed the penalty
las 10 to 12 years. A formal motion
for a ncw r'a' lc argued before
After her conviction Hiss Colby said
! " 1 Tl , Klng 1 v"l'oa, ,
...... ... - . fjt-l .-iu.uiu
; hoc to kill Thomas were also ailed. She
blamed them for the whole trouble.
BEEF $1.76 A POUND
Chicago, Dec. 7. Tulk about
the cost of high living. Beef on
the hoof today sold at (1.7G a
pound. It was the grand chain-
pion steer of the International
sjc Stock Show, California Favor-
ite. Raisedby flie University i
of California, it wcighod .1,120.
pounds at 13 months and sold
for $1,800. Clay. Itobin-sou Si
Co., the owners, sold it to the
Sullivan Packing company of
Detroit. They will carve it into
A representative of tho buyers.
said Henry Ford would get some
of the beef. Those to whom he
confided this, said they guessed
sit he could afford it they
couldn't. "" :
Attempt Being Made To Over
throw Ministry Headed by
Tokio, N'ov. 20. (By mail) Charges
that Field Marshal Count Terauchi is
"an unconstitutional premier" are be
ing hurled by Viscount Kato and his
followers who are promoting a move
ment to overthrow the new head of the
Pnpanese government. The auti-gov-ernmcut
campaign is expected to reach
a climax when the imperial diet con
venes December 25 and a series of stor
my sessions is expected.
Kato, former foreign minister, was
rejected by the Oeiwo (elder statesmen)
for premier at tho time Terauchi -was
cnosen, lie is lender or the kensuikai,
strongest political group in the house
iiis campaign was launched in a re
cent speech at IScndui when he nttacked
the Genro ns old men whose ideas dm
not change to suit changed conditions.
He asserted that PrUice Vainaguta,
head of the Genro and "spiritual rath
er of the Toxnuchi ministry" had told
"1 know you are a fit person to. bo
come premier and sooner or later you
will. But today is not the time, because
tho close of tho Kuiopenu war will
bring about unexpected chauges in the
world situation. Issues that may involve
the rise or fall of our empire uiny bo
the outgrowth of the conflict. Count
Terauchi has no party connections S'-il
therefore no political enemies. That is
why he was chosen to head the new
.This throws an interesting sidelight
on the final selection of Terauchi, af
ter it was generally expected Kato
would bo chosen premier.
Convict's Invention -Keeps
and U-Boats Going
(By Uuited Press )
Columbus, Ohio, Dec. 7. Wtfuld Ger
many's L'-bout campaign, Zeppelin raids
and other aerial activities cease it it
were not for an Ohio convict-inventor,
Dr. Kmeriou V. Ritteit Dr. Hitter to
day claimed they would "because my
process for converting natural gas into
gasoline is all that saves them."
Dr. Ritter, imprisoned on a conspiracy
charge, is the inventor of Germany's
liquid fire. Both inventious mentioned
aerial and undersea activities depend on
and others he had perfected and prc-
sented to Germnny from his cell iu
state's prison here.
"There is uo gasoline and Germany's
my invention. The Dcutschluiid is fed
with my product, made from the great
gas fields belonging to former Ambas
sador Dutubn in Austria.
"I have planned 10 factories for
j making my gasoline in this country
when 1 am re' eased in January. .My
wife is being puid if'tO n week by Ger
many and our ancestral estates, con
fiscated iu ISIS, will be returned to us
when the war ends."
Prison officials say Dr. Ritter reully
is a genius with chemicals.
Grocers to Combine
to Fight Packers
San Francisco, Dec. 7. The grocers
of the I'nited States are going to coin
bine to liuviiott food packers who raise
their nhuli-Mile pi-ices, Ai.ciiriliii; toj.
1 rani; li. i nnnoiiy, secretary of the
National Hetail Grocers association, to
day. He left here tor Chicago this after
noon to attend it meeting of the execu
tive board on December 11.
"Retail ifrocors don't want to in
crease prices,'' lie said. "They increase I
them only when forced to by whole-!
sale advances, i will recommend to oar;
.vcmi live lin'ir.l tlutt ortwir Iw.Vi'iitt I
'and ostracize wholesalers who increase
prices without cause."
MRS. EUTINGER CLEARED
Newark, N. J., Dec. 7. Mrs. Mar
garet Claire Beutinger was this after-
: noon acquitted of the charge of murd"r.
j The jury which tried her on a charge
'of murdering her husbaud brought in
the verdict of not guilty after three
. hours of deliberation.
LABOR PARTY ID
LLOYD GEORGE IN
Much Bitterness In Evidence;
Oyer Resignation of
ALL FEEL NECESSITY OF N
PLENARY WAR COUNCIL
At Same Time France Is
Seeking More Compact
LABOR PARTT TO AID
' London, Dec. 7. Tho labor
party has agreed to participate
in the new government now be
ing formed by David Lloyd
George, the press association an
nounced officially today.
The Central News declared
Lloyd-George had offered the
lubor party two cabinet plnces,
one member of the war council
and three under-sccretaryships.
By Ed L. Keen,
(United Press staff correspondent.) j
London, Dec. 7. The supreme qucs-.
liuii of the hour in Fngulnnd today was
whether David Lloyd-George would sue-;
ceed in forming a new cabinet. In his
way stood the bitterness displayed by
certain friends of the old regime and
yestorduy'a formal refusal of other lib
eral party ministers to. serve under An
drew Bonar I w, .which menus now also
under I.loyd-Oeorge, since Low is one
of Lloyd-George's most wholehearted
Hut those familiar with the courage.
determination, resourcefulness, personal
magnetism and- good luck of the late
war minister were not entertaining se
rious doubts today over his ability to
surmount these obstacles. It was be
lieved likely he will make a forceful
appeal to all parties patriotically to
sink their political differences iu the
single purpose of waging an energetic
and successful conduct of the war.
Lloyd-George has plenty of excellent
material from which to draw his cab
inet. Among tho names which were
most prominently mentioned today as
possible ministers were: Bonar Law
( 1,'nionist) ; Lord Curzon, (Unionist);
the Karl of Derby, (I'liiouist); Lord
Milner, (Unionist): Winston Churchill,
(Liberal); Lord Robert Cecil, blockade
minister in the late cabinet, (Unionist);
Arthur Henderson, minister of pensions
(Continued on pn? ix
ANARCHY AND CHAOS :
REIGN AND RUMANIA
IS WILD WITH TERROR
By Carl W. Ackernian.
( United Press stuff correspondent.)
Wit the German Army at General Von
Fiilkeuhayu 's Headquarters in Rumania,
Dec. 4. (Viu wireless to the United
Press.) Kveiy hundred yurds there is
something ileud or dying in Rumania.
The country is mnd with terror. An
nrcliy and chaos reigns everywhere and
tlitt misery of the inhabitants is ter
rible. Must of it is due to the" liuman
ian government itself, which uidered all
civilians to leave their homes us the
German armies advanced with almost in
It is to bring order out of this chuos
that General Von Tulff, former mili
tary administrator to Poland, before
Warsaw 's fall has been iiniucd German
governor-general of Rumania. He in,
uow en route here w ith two geueruls j
aiid an entire stair.
(It muy be noted tl.ut Ackcrmiui
story wus filed on Monday before the
German army captured Bucharest and
Roads Are Clogged.
The Rumanians, ordered from their j
homes by their government clogged the
roads, most of them with u few belong
iugs packed on small oxen carts. Tho
ndvaucing Germans overtook these refu-
gees. Then they turned back toward
their homes onlv to find in thousands
of instances llmt cvcivthiuif thev had
left behind had been plundered bv other
Rumanians. As we rode through Hum -
nncu and Wulkia the wildest anarch v
provuilcd. The streets were littered
with household sum s. Tinners, window
curtains, dead horses and dogs Mean-j while lit General Von Krafft's head
while bands of Rumanian gypsies went quarters I met n German major assigned
from house to house nnd simp to shop, .to tune charge ot mc numuniaii iruns
smashing windows and ngaiu plundering! portntion system.
the homes ulreadv half destroyed. These i Plunderem Everywhere.
plundering bands men, women audi
children piled whut they could not car -
ry on their own bucks on stoleu horses
Germany Frankly Admits,
Sinking, and Gives the
WAS NOT ON ROUTE USED
BY PASSENGER STEAMERS
At Same Time Will Make
Amends for a Regrettable
By Carl D. Groat,
(United Press staff correspondent.)
Washington, Dec. 7. Germany set up
the contention that the steamer Arabia
was a troop transport and admitted she
had sunk it under that impression, in 1
her answer to American inquiries mnde
public by the state department today.
At the -same time Germany agreed to
"promptly draw appropriate conse-j
quences" if the United States showed!
the vessel was an ordinary passenger
liner rather than a transport.
The text of the message said the fol
lowing results were shown by the Ger
"On the morning of November 6, the
German submarine encountered a large
steamer coming from the Cergi straits,
100 nautical miles west of the Island of
"The steamer was painted black and
had black superstructure and not, as
is otherwise tho case with the P. & O.
line superstructure in light color.
.. "The steamer which wns identical
with the Arabia was not traveling on
the route regulnrly used by the passen
ger steamers between Port Said and
Malta, as is made plain on the enclosed
map, but was taking a zig-zag course
toward the west 120 nautical miles
north of that course, this course in
which the submarine had passed three
similar steamers nt the same snot on the
same morning, lends from the Aegeun
to Malta, so that the Arabia was mov
ing on the Pnrigo-.Malta transport route
used solely for war purposes, according
to the experiences until now.
"The commander of the submarine
further' ascertained that there were
large numbers of Chinese and other col
ored persons in their national costume
on board tho steamer; he considered
them to be workmen soldiers such ns
are used in great numbers behind tho
front by the enemies of Germany. .In
spi.e of the clear weather a"ni careful
observation the commander did not per
ceive any women and children.
"In these circumstnnres, the com
mander of the submarine wns convinced
that in the ease of this steamer he was
(Continued on page tw.)
or cow s. It w as I he same sight we en
countered in scores of other Rumanian
villages. Meanwhile the fleeing families
are returning an. I en route buck they
are stealing cuttle, liberated at the first
word of the German ndvum-e.
Many Children Die.
Because of derivations and the roam
ing (if the muddy, cold Ituuinaian roads,
the mortality of children among these
miserable refugees has been very high.
In Alexandria the plundering henched
such a height that a few educated fam
ilies which remained behind formed a
civilian force to protect their property.
These are few of the conditions which
face the new governor-general, Von
Tulff. Not onlv will he seek to restore
order, but it is tilso his task to organize
the forwarding to Germany of the vast
surplus stores of grain, cuttle and petro-
ileum which nave tiil'en into tno invnd
ers' hands. Alexandria alone posseses
a million dollars worth of stores. Other
cities ure almost equally well stocked.
: Wallachia is u fond paradise
I Because the Riimaiiions destroyed
ninny of tho railroad bridges the entire
Germon campaign in Rumania wns made
in wagons over the ordinary highways.
One seen thousands of columns of these
with ammunition, food, weapons and
I military supplies. Although the Git
i mans have had control of western Jill
mania onlv a few ilnvs, laborers tire al
readv clearing the railroads and assemb-
1 ling freight cars, engines nnd materials
i which the fleeing liuinanians lett. 1
1 saw two long stretches of railroad over
which trains were iu operation, ami
One ironical incident connected with
(Continued on page six.)
COMING AFTER WHEAT
Portland, Or., Dee. 7. A floet
of British merchantment will
soon call at Portland to carry
away every bushel of wheat
available for sale in the Pa-
cific northwest, according to .
private advices received by
According to this information
British agents in the I'nited
States who draw on tho board
of exchange for all purchases
have been holding off hoping
that the price of wheat would
decline. The time to buv hcavi-
ly is near, it is believed,
Vessels will be sent hero to
take grain directly to Europe,
as transportation lines across
, tho continent arc so congested
that the shipments could move
very slowly if. forwarded by
sjc s(c sjc sjc sjc ifc sjc sjc sjc jc sjc sjc sjc sjc
AGIST USE OF THUGS
Labor Commissioner Says
Their Use Is a Menace
Washington, Doc. 7. Marshaling of
"armod thugs to quell labor disputes"
was denounced as a menace to the na
tion' industrial peace and prosperity,
in thoreport of the department of labor
submitted to congress today.
If local and state forces cannot cope
with strike outrages, call in the federal
government, advised the report.
Labor organization is indespensauic
to attainment of economie independence
the report said. Secretary Wilson ex
pressed satisfaction over the "general
disposition of employers to recognize
workmen's right to bargain collectively
for better wages." lie said investiga
tion proves that fair relations are main
tained under such circumstances and
thnt unionization of laborers hastened
to raise the standards of citizenship.
Tho report emphasized tho good ro
sults that havo been accomplished
through mediation in settlement of ln
bor disputes. The report cites 115 cases
out of 103 controversies being Bolved
by medintion during the past year.
Secretary Wilson panned out tne de
fects in our naturalization laws which
allows orientuls in the United States
to have the privileges of citizenship
despite tho fact that their fumilics and
interests are ubroad, while foreign Horn
mon who cherish Ainericnn principles
are barred from citizenship because of
accident of birth, lie scored state laws
which permit aliens to vote for major
ity of offices in some states at'fer only
two years of residence.
Tho secretary urges public homestead
lands bo denlt out to men out of work
and renews his recommendutinn that a
lurger employment bureau be establish
ed under control of the department.
Polk County Court
Sets Aside $41,270, for
Building Salem Bridge
The county court yesterday com
pleted its annual budget for the year
11117 and lias estimated that it will
require a "2.0 mill levy to conduct
the finiinciul nffuirs of Polk county
during tho next twelve-month. The
court litis called a public meeting at
the court house on Friday, December
20th at 10 o clock a. in., when tax
payers will be given opportunity to di
rect arguments fur or iigninst the pro
The amount thnt must be raised by
tho county to meet its needs next year
is $;i(l(l,2(l2.ti2. Of this amount the
probable receipts from other sources
than direct taxation is estimated nt
tr,3L'5.21. which leaves $jli(i,877.3S to
bo raised by direct tuxntioii upon per
sonal and real property. The total
of the general fund is if2(i5,022.S4, and
of the roads nnd highways fund is
$lnl,17.UH. --"Provision is made for
tho alem bridge to the umount of
(41,870.71); the state tax is 5.I,I00;
the county school fund is (15,070 "S;
fund foi2 improvement and nininteii-
unco of roads nnd salaries of super-
visors . (:I0,!I.IS. IS, bridge and ferry
fund including bridge and mad con
struction nnd maintenance (25,OHI.K5.
(2,(100 has also been set aside for the
Polk county tnir, including school ex
hibit, the Land Product shows lit Port
land and Seattle nnd the Corn Show ut
To raiso these moneys levies, ht.vc
been matin a follows: 15 mills for
general fund, including stnte tax; 3
mills for general road funds: 3.4 mills
for common school fund and 1.2 mills
for high school library fund. The total
assessed valuation of the county will be
about (KI.:i(MI,(l(IU. The complete budget
In detail will be found on another page
of this issue. Dallas Observer.
WRECKAGE COME3 ASHORE
Wheeler, Ore-, Dec. 7. Wreckage lit
tered this section of the coast today.
Apparently the debris was port of the
steiuu schooner Santa llnrlmru's deck
load. A life preserver marked "Santa
Barbara" was found. It is believed the
recent southerly gale swoid nwny a por
tion of the stcumer's cargo and smashed
TORTURE AND HANG
Refugees Tell Story of Death
Following Taking of
STORY IS CONFIRMED
BY MESSAGE FROM MINE
Many Houses Were Burned
and Several Chinese
By Webb Miller.
(United Press staff correspondent,) .
El Paso, Texas, Dec. 7 Howard Gray,
an American employe of the Alvsuado.
Mining company, was tortured nnd
hanged .until he- was dead by Villista
when tho bandits entered - Parral a
mouth ago, according to word brought
here by two mining men.
While the two mining men were) tell
ing their story of the death of Gray,
in the offices of the Alvarado company
here, a telegram from the native fore
man of the company's mines at Parral
reached the'officc. The message cud:
"Everything safe except Gray. He is
dead " .Mining company officials ac
cepted it as authentic and aa corrobor
ating tho refugees' story.
Oray was acting foreman of tho Am
erican owned Alvarado properties. Fonr
of the Alvarado employes escaped be
fore the attack npon Parral and escaped
across, tho Hierras. Gray, with about
six other Americans, vtayed behind. It
was inferred from the telegram that tho
other Americans wero safe.
The two mining men who Tracked
here today wero Hpanish refugees, from
Parral, who crossed the continental di
vide and name by railroad up tho west
cnust of Mexico. Word of tho death of
Oray was the first information obtained
of him since Villa entered Parral in
November, lie was about SO years vf
Still Hold Parral.
Villistos were still in possession of
Parrnl a woek ago when the Hporish
refugees left there, a garrison ot sev
eral hundred bandits under Colonel Be
tran holding the town. They may have
evacuated since, it was indicated by the
telegram received today from Psrrul,
dated yesterduy. . The message also
brought news of the safety of the two
Germans, Koch and Hoemuller.
"Gray wns at a ranch house a few
miles outside Parral," the refugee told
mining members. "He wns eating sup
per when a hand of Villistos sent to
get him approached and rapped on tho
door. As he opened the door a olley
of shots literally riddled him. There
was still life, so the bandits took tho
body, hanged it and mutilated it.
"All other Americans including Dr.
Flunnignn, .Take Meyer and W. A. ticott
arc safe. They were hidden and could
not be found by the bandits. A looting
party sacked Scott's house nnd threw
Scott's wife, u Mexican woman, and bis
children into the street.
"The houses of nome foreigners, most
Syrians and Chinese were burned to the
ground. Every store und nearly every
house in the town was looted and a
number of Chinese slaughtered.
"When Villa, who was in personal
command of tho bnndits left the city he
had three trains loaded with loot and
trooW. lie left a garrison behind in
command of Colonel Hcltrnn."
Villa nt San Andrea.
El Paso, Texas, Dee. 7. After re
eipiipping his nrmy with supplies tukru
from Chihuahua City, Villa is moving
again according lo report made to Uni
ted States authorities hero today. In
official circles here it is believed tho
bandit chief is making his own head
quarters at San Andres from which
point ho is scattering his forces in small
bands nnd directing their operations.
In the pnst three days u rear guard
action between Villistas and govern
ment troops took place south of Fresno,
eight miles southwest of Chihuahua,
City. The movements of government
... .,.,. limn in-re, I bv lack of rail
way equipment as u loos, wnn
practically every avnilable piece of roll-
(Cnntiiiued on page six.)
night und Fri
day fair east,
and rain or snow