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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 5, 1916)
i . FULL LEASED
. .- ' -
CmCULATION IS 1
OVER 4000 DAILY
THIRTY-NINTH YEAR NO. 261
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1916
PRICE TWO CENTS 'gjgZ
TO SAt BUCHAREST
? ' ;
: Hope Rumanians Mav Bu Able To Hold Invaders in Check
Along Argeshu Rive; for Few DavsRussians Making
Desperate Effort to Creak German Lines in Trotus Valley
. .... and Cut German Railroad Communications Little Fight-
: ing at Other Points '
- "' . .
- London, Dec. 5. There is
, : -will be saved. Military experts today hoped that the
; Rumanian-Russian forces now defending the capital to
: the south, along the Argeshu river could hold the heavily
: reinforced invaders in check long enough to permit of a
' few more days of pounding by the Russians in the Trotus
' river valley.
A break in the German line at this point would put the
- main railroad line from the north to Kronstadt under
serious menace. It is this line on which the German
; forces in all of East Transylvania are depending for the
: major 'portion of their supplies. If the Russians can
: wrest it from-Teutonic control the German army in
; Transylvania must seek a readjustment of its lines. Real
ization of this fact is causing the Russians to redouble
their efforts at penetration of the German lines in
Experts were inclined to doubt that the Germans
had yet brought lip heavy artillery of sufficient range to
. shell Bucharest from their position less . than a dozen
miles to the south. .
It was still noted here with satisfaction that even the
- German official statements with their claims of sweep
.' ing victory, do not cany news of capture of any consider
able portion of the Rumanian army. .. The number of
prisoners has been large, of course, but not so big as to
' suggest "anything more than an orderly retreat, by the
Rumanians. ' - '
Attacks Unsuccessful. ;
Berlin, vin Snyvillei wireless, Dec. 5
"Without the slightest success," was
-the. comment in today 's official state
fUent as to reporting Russian attacks
tin TJapul, northeast of Dornavatra and
I'utna and in the. Trotcwuk pA Uz val
lev on the Trnnsylvaninn front,
"At the same time," the statement
continued, - "Gorman-Austro-Hunganan
trooi recaptured by storlfiidg the
V.ioUt positions lost on the preceding
Hay. " ' .
"These were important to us.
' Around cichdebry ana south ot
the Tnrtnr Pass, more thon 100 men and
five machine guns and on Mount Ne
mira, iii the north Oytez valley, 350
prisoners and eight machine guns fell
into our hands."
Russians Are Halted.
Berlin, via wireless to Mayvillc, I.. I.,
Dec. 5. Russian troops attempted un -
successfully to advauco south of the
railroad from Tarnopol to Kra-sno, near)
Atigustowkn, today's official statement
tuiid. The enemy attack was against
trenches recently captured from them ,.
v.. i. f, .,...: Ii
III IMC IVUIUIIJV lUIWBi
The Tlnnnlw, .mr thu ..foment .ni,1.
ii i .u . .' - 4 -
wns said to have advanced and begun
fighting beyond this sector.
"The number of prisoners reported
yesterday is now increased to 12,500,"
the statement said. "Ihivfloes not lu
rlule captures bv tho Ninth
. 2.1100; of. the Danube army, 2,500,
Bulgnrs Claim Gains.
Sofia. Dec. 5. Sanguinary repulse of
attacks in Dobrudjn nud rapture of Ss-
hiMte don't reiieut ut leisure, he jest
picks up an' resumes her ole position,
Ther never wnz a hustler that played
lh' gin o t uny who
still a chance that Bucharest
tiskeui was asserted in today's official
"After complete" de'feat of attacks
against our left wing between Satiskeul
nud tlie uanuDo," the statement assert
ed, "the enemy retreated to its former
positions and wo occupied Satwkeui.
The enemv's losses were extremely
heavy. On' hill 234 we countccTuOO dead
and captured four machine guns.
"Two enemy warships Bholled Con
stanza, but without serious dnmage."
Concerning the fighting in Rumania,
the statement said:
"In Wallnchia the enemy's attack on
our right front was repulsed. Along
tlie unnuue tnere was artillery uring. --
Asks Austria to Explata-"
Washington, Dec. 0. The United
States government has inquired of the
Austrian eovemment concerning facts
surrounding the torpedoing of the Am-
eriran steamer Chemung by nn Austrian
Russians Forced Back.
Petrograd, Dec. 5. Heavy artillery
re destroying Russian trenches in the
"K" UI ""u .r
I . : 1 . . . I. . a r. 1.1... 2 3 ,.
tireinent of Russian forces in the wood-
"la the wooded Carpathinns a series
of enemy attacks nguiust the heights
south of Voroneseka up to 1 o'clock
were beaten back." the statement Baid.
' ' A f lerwurilu lionvv nfrillerv ilftufriivpd
Ipnnnltiiy mill fni-epil ilolneliinenta tft
Germans March On.
Berlin, via Sayvl'.te wireless, Dec. 5.
Field Marshal Von Maekensen's victor
iously advancing army has crossed the
railroad leading. from Bucharest to Tar
goviste and Petrograd eastwards, and
the Danube army has gained a foofuold
iu the lower Argesul valley, after de-'
fenting numerically superior forces, to
day's official statement asserted.
Berlin, via Hnyville wireless, Dec. 5.
Field Mnrshnl Von Hindcnburg has
telegraphed the imperial chancellor,
Bethmann-Iiollweg the following:
1 beg vour exeellencv to accent mj-
siucerest congrntultitinus for acceptance
by the reichstng of the bill for patriotic
auxiliary service. This means help for
the army which cannot be too highly
"Wo jihull vanquish our enemies if
the whole nation puts herself at the
service of the country."
Berliu, via Hayville wireless, Dec. 5.
"Serbian advances near Kahovo and
Nonte on the iuglenn front failed,"
aaid today's war office statement, de
tailing the fighting in MaceoVnVia.
"New engagements arc developing east
of the Cerna."
Downed Two Aeroplanes.
v Taris, Oec. 5. Sub-l.ieutennnt Nun-
gessor, one or the crack "aces" or ins
French aviation corps, has downed two
German aeroplanes, making, his total 20,
i tho official utatenient today announce J.
(Continued on page twe.)
Horse Show Vffl Be
Fair Feature Again
Because of the success of the hdrse
show Rt the last state fair, Secretary
Lea was authorized to hold it again next
season although there was uo coliseum
iu which to stage it. It will be re
membered that the large tent could not
hold the people who wished to see this
feature. Secretary Lea earnestly recom
mended the erection of a coliseum to
cost approximately $125,000 and with a
seating capacity of 6,000.
Among the other things recommended
were a woman ' building to cost (40,000,
iu which will be Jioused the art and tex
tile exhibits and reHt rooms, fire equip
ment consisting of a Ford chemical fire
engine and two hand chemicals at a cost
of about $2,000, and. as an inducement
for making the fair still more attractive
he urged the appropriation of $25,000
for premiums instead of $15,000.
$20,000,000 More Than
Year Ago Gam $13,500,
000 in Two Months
Total resources of Portland banks, ac
cording to a report filed with Superin-
tenUent of Hank Sargent, amount to
$110,000,000 in round numbers at the
close of business November 17. This
sum is au increase of $21,000,000 over
tlie total resources tor the pat year and
au increase of $13,500,000 in the past
The deposits in the past J'car have in
creased $18,000,000 and in the pnst two
months the increase has been $12,000,-
000. The total deposits of the Portland
banks is $$9,009,400. The cash reserve
is $8,500,000,-with an increase of $2,
500,000 iu the past two mouths.
The cause of the increase in the de
posits in the result of country banks
depositing with the Portland institu
tions the large sums received from
fanners and stockmen on account of
crovs. The Portland banks have a
large balance duo to the country banks
throughout the state. Shipbuilding in
the Rose. City has helped materially to
swell tlie deposits.
Several banks in the state, according
to the report, have their deposits in
creased close to tho 200 per cent. One
bank in central Oregon where there
has been two crop failures recent
ly and whose deposits were down to
bedrock hns shown an increase of 300.
per cent for the past year.
Overalls Shrinking In Disposi
, tion Until Men's Size Are
for Children .
At the Tegular monthly meeting of
the board. of control held yesterday aft
ernoon it was declared by Governor
Withycombe and Dr. J. N. Smith, of
the feeble minded institution, that the
shoes made at the state prison were of
a poor quality and decidedlv unwear
able. Iu addition to the unwcarable
shoes, it was charged that 'the overalls
made at the peuiteutiary had the habit
or shrinking so they could not be worn.
Oovernor Withycombe told . Warden
ftiurpny to Keep the women prisoners
busy sewing and mending clothing.. .
Mrs. Edith Hopkins, of the girls'
training school, asked permission of the
board to build a rustie play-shed so the
girls could take open air exercise during
the winter months. The expense of
constructing this shed would be taken
from the maintenance fund, the cost of
which" would not bo more than $400.
Tho plan of the proposed shed is for a
floor 'and a roof but no ides. Both
Governor Withycombe nud Treasurer
Kay were in favor of the plan but were
uncertain whether Secretary Olcott,
wno is in i lie east, would approve of the
MORE INFANTILE PARALYSIS
San Francisco, Dee. 5. A
new outbreak of infantile paral
ysis ill San Francisco caused
the issuance of a new warning
by the comity board of health
- today. This ileclurea the latest
cases show the symptoms to be
more severe man ever before.
The latent ease is that of Al
verna Cuughreau, who lias been
takeu to the detention hospital
while two other cases arc un
der observation. Two deathj
irora the disense were reported
during the latter part of No
vember. KUXfiD IN SANTO DOMINGO
Washington, Dec 5. Es'ablishinent
of American military government in
Santo Domingo was attended by fight
ing in Which several marines- were in
jured. Eleven doiuiuicnns were killed
and six wounded.
Yellow Silk Emblem With In
scription Is Dropped from
PAGE JUMPS, GRABS IT
AND HAULS DOWN FLAG
Words Were: "Mr. President
What Will You Do for
Washington, Dec. 5. The first dem
onstration by suffragists, such as
"heckled" the Britiih house of com
mons in the past, occurred in congress
hero today while President Wilson was
reading his annual message to a joint
session r the house and senate.
Soon after the president had started
speaking a blj yellow Bilk banner was
unfurled from the house gallery by a
groun Jof suffrage - sympathizers. It
bore the inscription:
"Mr. President, what will you do for
The banner wns about tuur feet
square and of yellow silk with the let
tering in black.
The - -esident went on with the read
ing of his speech, apparently giving the
banner no attention, though it was un-
4-...U.1 .li-HAfll- 'in Irnnt him
The women wtio unfurled the banner
were: Mrs. John Rogers of New York,
chairman of the national advisory com
mittee of the congressional union; Mrs.
William Colt, of ?ew -ork, representa
tive of the couucil; Mrs, Florence Bay
ard nillia of Wilmington, Del., chair
fnutsr of the peleware branch and Mrs.
Anna LowemtMrg. - . r,!
-'Created a Stir '
The appearance of the banner creat
ed a decided stir among the senators
and representatives on the floor and
the crowds jamming the galleries gasp
ed in amazement. Foreign diplomats
turned curious eyes upon the fluttering
piece of silk.
Officers appeared immediately in the
gallery ohid stood alongside the front
row in which tne women who unfurled
the banner were sitting. They did not
make a sound and wero not ejected.
Mrs. Anna Lowensburg of Philadel
phia, vice chairman of the Pennsylva
nia branch of the congressional union;
Dr. Caroline A. Spencer, Colorado
Springs, secretary of the Colorado
branch of tho National Womnns Party
and Miss Mary. G. Fendall of Baltimore
(Continued on page flV9.)
URL BANNER AS
ADDRESS TO CONGRESS
AT SHORT SESSION
Gentlemen of the Congress:
In fulfilling at tlflB time the duty
hud upon me by the constitution of
communicating to you from time to
time information of the state of the
union and recommending to your con
sideration such legislative measures as
may be judged necessary and expedi
ent I Bhall continue the practice, which
I hope has lieen acceptable to you, of
leaving to the reports of the several
heads of tho executive departments the
eluborution of - the detailed needs of
tho nnlilie service and confine myself
Uo those mutters of more general pub
lic policy with which it secina necessary
und feasible to deal at the present ses
sion of the congress.
1 rcnlize the limitations of time un-
.li.i- which vou will necessurilv act nt
: session and shall niuke 'my ug-
gestions ns few. as possible; out mere
were some things left undone at the
last session which there will now be
lime to complete and which it seems
necessary in tho interest o the pub
lic to do ut once.
In the first place, it seems to me
imperatively necessary that tho earli
est possible consideration and action
should be accorded the remaining meas
ures of tho programme of settlement
and regulation which I hod occasion to
recommend to', vou nt the close of your
last session in view of the public dang
ers disclosed by the unaccommodated
difficulties which then existed, and
which still unhappily coutinue to ex
ist, between the railroads or the coun
try and their locomotive engineers,
conductors, and trainmen.
T then recommend:
First, immediate provision for the
eiilamemeiit and administrative reor
gsnizutiou of the Interstate Commerce
Commission alonfl the lines embodied in
the bill rrcentlv pussed by the house
of representatives and now awaiting
action bv the si-nute: in order that the
commission may be enubled to deal
with the many great and various duties
liow devolving upon it With u' prompt-
England's Cabinet Crisis Will
Result in Compact War
BODY OF NOT OVER FIVE
TO HAVE FULL CONTROL
Main Trouble Is Asquith Who
Wants To Be at Head of
London, Dec. 5. "England recon
struction" of her government, now in
process, must be taken as emphatic ro
iteration of Britain's determination to
fight the war to a finish. In all tie
maze of discussion of what sort of "re
construction" was being framed, this
fact stood out today.
Tho cabinet crisis was precipitated
by public demand voiced by the cab
inet member admittedly closest to the
public, David Lloyd-George for more
vigorous conduct of the war; for more
compact organization to direct Eng
land s energies against Prussinnism;
for construction of responsibility and
It was conceded today that out of
tho "crisis" would como organization
ot a compact war council probably
of not more than five members to be
given supreme control in the direction
of England's war energies. Whether
this would menn n rliango in the per
sonnel of tho cabinet or simply desig
nation of certain members of it to act
as the new council was a matter of
speculation. - London newspapers held
41. Mn. ,114-4-1.. i.llw !m 4V.a u... u4. I
the main- diffh-ultr in the way of set
tlement of the -matter arose through
Premier Asquith 's feeling that, as
prime minister, he should be chairman
of the new war council.
Asquith is known as one of the great
est " pacificistcrs" and 'plaentors" in
British politics. Ho has until Thursday
and possibly until Monday o exerciso
this ability tho house of commons hav
ing adjourned uutil Thursday in re
spect to his wishes, thus staving off
formal announcement of any "recon
struction" until that time. Many mem
bers are in favor or a still longer post
ponement until Monday.
Thero was no confirmation of a wide
spread rumor that Asquith had deter
mined to resign, but it was believed
he would do so rather than become a
mere figurehead with Lloyd-George In
practically full chargo of the conduct
of tho war.
ncss and thoroughness which nre, with
its present constitution and means of
action, practically impossible.
necond, the estamishmnnr or an eight
hour iluv as the legal basis alike ol
work and wages in the employment of
all railway employes who ure actually
engaged in the work or operating
trains In Interstate transportation.
Third, the authorization of the ap
pointment by the president of a small
body of men to observe the actual re
sults In experience of the adoption of
he eight-hour day iu railway transpor
tation alike for the invn and for the
Fourth, explicit approval by the con-
cress of the oonsiilcralion py the in
terstate Commerce commission of an
increase of freight rates to meet such
additional expenditures by the rail
roads us may have been rendered nee-
cssaiy by the adoption or the eight
hour duv' and which havo not been off
set by administrative readjustments
and economies, should the facts dis-
lof.ed justify the increase.
Fifth, an amendment of the existing
federal statute which provide for the
mediation, conciliation, and arbitration
of such controversies as the presentj
by adding to it a provision that, in
case the methods of accommodation
v provided for should fail, a full
public investigation of the merits of
evcrv dispute shall be institutednnd
completed before a strike or lockout
may lawfully be attempted.
And, sixili, tho lodgement in tne
hands of the executive of the power,
in case of militurv necessity, to take
ontrol of-siich portions and smh roll
ine stock of the railways of the coun
trv us may ue required for military use
and to operate them for military pur
noses, with authority to draft into the
military service of the United States
luch train crews ami administrative
nfiicinls as , the circumstances require
for their safe and efficient use.
Mora Power for Commission
The second and third of these' rec-
(Continued on page six.)
Wheat Jumps Four Cents
From Foreign Buying
Chicago, Dec. 5. Wheat jumped
nearly five cents above the,- opening
today, wliea speculators learned that
foreign agents were increasing their
purchases and that foreign shipments
were soon to be moved from eastern
ports. December closed up 4 Mi at
$1.60V ; Way up 3 5-8 nt $1.70 5-8:
July up 4 at $1.48 1-8.
Corn mado good gains on liberal buy
ing. December was up 1 5-8 at 8:)
5-8; May up lb at 91 7-8 and July ut
1V4 at 91 5-8.
Oats were higher. December was up
1 at 52; May up 1 at 5oi and July
up 3-4 at 53Vi.
Provisions were steady. '
OIL MAGNATE DEAD
Death Due to Complication
Following Operation for
Tarrytown, N. Y., Dec. 5. John D.
Archibold, tho Standard Oil magnate,
died at 3:50 a. m. today at his home
on bouth Broadway here. Death result
ed from complications following an op
eration for appendicitis, performed No
Archibold 's body will rest in the fam
ily mausooleum &t the north end of
Sleepy Hollow cemetery, where the
body ot Mrs. John D. Rockefeller was
placed before being- taken to Cleve
land. n.h Arehbold at the end were Mrs.
Archbold and their children, John i
retinoid, Mrs. Micheal M. Vanlleurcn
and Mrs. Armnr Saunderson, the latter
of England. Mrs. Arehbold had about
recovered trom the collapse suffered
several days ago.
Arehbold 's brave fight for live dur
ing the two weeks after his operation
wns in keoping with the traits of char
acter that brought him success- in bus
iness dogged tenacity, inflexible w'll
and optimism. Hope was , practically
abnndoned for him nearly a week ago,
but Arehbold fought against death
-with iron wU1 thttt opponents
. A. .... - ..
m tne oir business found iu years gone
by had crushed them. i - -Archbold
was president of the Stand
ard Oil company of New Jersey and was
OH vears of age. Ho was . John D.
Rockefeller's right hnnd man in the
great Standard Oil system the John
D. Archbold who was credited with
mixing certain 'certificates of depos
it" in with politics a number of years
Archbold was stricken with appendi
citis on November 19 and operated on
two davs later. Ins condition wns im
mediately realized as desperate, wood
transfusion was resorted to, Archbold 's
chauffeur, Mosger volunteering to furn
ish tho blood. For a timo Archbold
seemed to rally aiter this operation
John U. Kockercllcr, head of tne
Standard Oil remained at his home in
Pocantico Hills waiting for tho rcBult
of his executive's fight.
Arehbold was ono of the least known
and most picturesque of Wall Street's
Sherwood Resigns and Ore
gon City Man Named-
Some Other lhanges
Announcement was made yesterday
bv Warden Murphy of tho Oregon stute
prison that he had appointed Charles
Bums, of Oregon City, deputy warden
to succeed li. u. pnerwooo, wno resign
ed. Mr. Burns is nn experienced po
lice officer and for the past 2U yeurs
has been connected with the Oregon
Citv police department. He was con
nected with the orncc or tne i-nucu
States Marshal in Portland for eight
years before going on the Oregon City
force. He is a son of William T. Bums,
a prominent business man of Portland
and a pioneer of the state. On request
of Warden Murphy, Deputy Warden
Sherwood will remain until Jununry 1
when the new deputy will take charge.
Warden Murphy also announced the
apopintiuent of Leroy Hulit'son as prison i
engineer to succeed u. v. uarrics, wno
leaves this month to open a law ortico
Independence. Engineer Hnlifson,
who has been employed by the stute ea
giueer for some time, will go in at pres
ent as assistant engineer. He will take
charge December 16 but until that time
will rcceivo $oU a montn.
Tell Railroads To
Make Rates the Same
Washington, Dec. 5. The Interstate
Commerce commission today ordered
railroads maintaining all-year excursion
fares from Chicago to San Francisco via
Seattle mid Portland to cease publish
ing or collecting such excursion fares in
excess of corresponding all-year rarrs
contemporaneously maintained from
Chicago to San Francisco via New Or
leans, Los Angeles and Kl Paso, Texas.
The ruling was made m a cast
brought by the Alabama and Yic-kaburg
Lack of Thrill In Evidence
on Previous Occasions of
IS CLEAN UP PROGRAM -WITH
PLENTY OF WORK
May Deliver Special Message
On Remedy for Exorbitant
By Robert J. Bender.
(United Proas staff correspondent.)
Washington, Dee. 5. Declaring the
country "cannot and should not consent
to remain any longer exposed to pro
found industrial disturbances," Presi
dent Wilson appeared before a joint ses
sion of congress ' today and appealed
for immediate action on his nrosram of
"settlement and regulation of diff leni
ties" between the railroads and their
Statement of the need of such legisla
tion occupied the bulk of his annual
message the shortest one ho has deliv
ered. It recommended passage of the
provisions included but not acted upon
in his last special apepnl last August.
At that time a nation-wido strike neces
sitated congrossiofial action.
in a lato addition to his message, tho
president urged the passage by the
house of the vocational and industrial
education measures passed by the sen
ate during the last session.
vino-thnll and dramatis tension o
noticcablo in the president's three pre
vious Visits to the Hlxty-fourth congress
wore lacking today. Crowds thronged
the cnpitol, however, and bun before
the session was scheduled to eoaveo0'alt
gallery entrances were besieged with
men and women; endeavoring to work
their way past the guards.'
Admission was by card only. ,
There were no staggering national de
fense regulations, such as features the
president's message a year ago.- Thero
was no note of war, such as threatened
in the socond message, reporting tho dis
patch to Oermany of a virtual ultimat
um following the Sussex sinking. Nor
was there the pressing need of speed
and quick decision reflected in tho re
quest for congressional action to avert
a nation-wido railroad strike last fall.
lhe message today constituted a
"clean up" program.
Although both branches of congress
are seething over the high eost of liv
ing problem and interest in this has
overshadowed all other proposed action.
the president made no reference to it
today. He is receiving, rvporis from
different executive departments, how
ever, in au effort to advise the bcsl
possible plan for tho curbing of soaring
It is believed the president will either
deliver a special message on the ques
tion later or take it up personally with
the house and senate leaders when u
plan he deemed feasible has been found.
So serious does the president regard
the high eost of living question that he
lms determined to keep it out of poli
tics if possible.
He is understood to feel that republi
cans and democrats are equally interest
ed in a solution of the difficulty and
will niako no effort to put through a.
TO ABOLISH ELECTORAL COLLEGE
Washington, Dee. !. Abolition of
the electoral college and election of
president and vice president by direct
vote, was asked In a resolution offered
by Senator Shafroth today.
The bill also provides for increasing
the terms of tho president and vico
president to six years.
Tho bill was referred to tho commit
teo on judiciary.
New York, Dec. 5. Six members of
tho Harlem-Bronx Live Poultry associa-.
tion were indicted hern by the grand
inrv today charged with violating tha
bonnolly anti-trust luw. The district at
torney charges tne men fixed poultry
irices in collusion with the slaughter
W e d a o s d ay,
warmer east por
No mo;e k-