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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 21, 1916)
CIRCULATION IS ' ,
OVER 4000 DAILY
THIRTY-NINTH YEAR-NO. 250 SALEM, OREG&N, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER. 21. 1916 -PRICE TWO nCNTO ow ib aIso nbwi
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K I 111 AN INS N MM rc -Mphc. STRIKE JESIII. MESSAGE Q WARN
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Falkenhaya With Army of Half Million Sweeps AH Before
Jinn and threatens Rumanian Line of Retreat-Russians
to Start Offensive In Attempt to Prevent E ncuation of
Bulgarians for Same Purpose e .
London, Nov. 21. Another Russian offe "give along
the line from Constanza to Cernovada is now; ircpected to
increase the intensity of the fighting in t! q Balkans.
Military experts here today agreed this was the only step
which could be relied upon to lessen the. weight of General
Von Falkenhayn's tremendpus pressure on the Wallach
ian frontier of Rumania a pressure which it is now ad
- nutted constitutes the gravest menace to Rumania.
The Rumanian army is in the greatest danger of being
outflanked, if the German official statement specifying
near approach of the Teutons to Craiova is accurate. The
Rumanians are being forced back from the valley of the
Jiul.-Meanwhile Falkenhayn, with a force estimated at
half a million men, is sweeping around their rear, stead
ily lessening the gap through which they must retreat
and circumscribing that line of retreat so that its direc
tion, apparently, must be due east.
Unless there was n diversion snmrnvriAVA in the TSnllran
campaign to stop Von Falkenhayn's thrust it appeared
aimost certain toaay mat complete evacuation oi tne
western part of Rumania would be necessary to save the
Rumanian army. This diversion, it is admitted, can best
be made by the Russians because of the ease of transport
ing reinf oreements via the Black sea.
Hope was also expressed here today
tiiKt tho pursuit of the Teutonic-Bul-g-jrlun
ftrmy thrown out of- Monnstir
would be sufficiently hot to halt Von
I -ilkenhaynT Berlin official reports ad
n it reinforcement of these forces.
'Meanwhile experts believe General Ser
rail of the victorious allied forces, is
hurrying on to Prilep, to which -point
tite Teutonic forces withdrew, and
pinns to throw out liij columns in a
thrust eastward against Negotin, on the
Vardar river. Such a blow would be a
menace to the Bulgarian positions and
if successfully maintained,, forcing
withdrawal, of the Bulgarians, would
Ojien the way to further forward move
ment by the British expedition operat
ic g northwestward from (Salonika.
Germans Press -Forward.
' Berlin, via wireless to Suyville, I.. I.,
Nov. 21. "Our infantry now stands be-
tore Craiova," declared" the German of
ficial stnteir-ent toda telling of the
ii veep .of the. Teutonic armies against
"On the Alt Jennie.. important town
.i.i.d entrenched heights were captured
by us from th? Rumanians in a severe
druggie," the statement continued.
"Our infantry now stnnds before Cra
iva which until now has been the seat
tho chief command of the First Ru
manian army. "
The official statement, also detailed
n report from Field Marshal Von Mack
';' sen, in Dobrudja, that Constanza and
i riiavoda had been -shelled-
"Our flyer squadrons bombarded a
transportation establishment near
" icharest," the statement. said.
"Between I'respa lake and the Cerna
(Macedonia front), the enemy is feeling
n'scad with vanguard troops toward the
S 'Titian-Bulgarian positrons. Serbian ad
vances at some places on the Moglena
f: nt, prepared by strong fire, failed."
From Archduke Carl's front, in 4he
I id ova tor, the report said:
Lnfe Bud says th' honeymoon is over
'un a wife aks her husband if he
:iuts rufft-e fr breakfast- when she
h'low perfectly well that he dues.
Nithin' 'll.dU'peJ eiitliroiusm like a
small admission! fee.
Army at Monas to Press
"A patrol enterprise iu the Carpa
thians was carried out bv German rifles
aa rilRnncd. The Ruaskin advance in
the neighboring Sectors, made in order
to relieve pressure on another part, tail
ed in . sanguinary fashion. Gcrman-Austro-Hungnrian
troops ' north of
Campolung repulsed several Russian
Small Gains Made.
London, Nov. fil. Sueccsitful advance
on a front of 3,500 yards was announced
is an official statemeut today.
"On Saturdny moning," the report
asserted, "our guns started a barrage
fire ngninst the trenches opposite the
Canadian positions- Our troops leaped
from the parapets. The German guns
began a counter barrage fire, which was
comparatively weak. Our forces had
fewer casualties than could be expect
ed. "We advanced on a front of 3,300
yards to a depth of from 200 to 1,000
yards. -Our whole obeetive was quickly
consolidated and held except for a short
stretch near Pys wood, 'where a knoll
proved a machine gun nest. Our troops
fell back and established themselves
behind the crest.
"There the German occupied a
trench. Our artillery cut them off.
"We exceeded our objective bv 500
yards, cupturing a section of the Grand
court trench, but we w ithdrew because
it was in too dangerous a salient,
"Our losses throughout were com
paratfvely light. We took 17 officers
and 425 other uuwounded prisoners and
153 wounded men "
Greek Cabinet Says No.
London, Nov. 21. A Central News
dispatch from Athens declares the
Greek cabinet has refused the demand
of Admiral Fournet, representing the
allies, that the German, Austrian, Bul
garian and Turkish ministers leave tho
capital before tomorrow.
The dispatch states that another
meeting of the cabinet will be held be-
ore the matter is oefinitelv determined.
May Change Generals.
London, Nov. 21. A wireless from
Bucharest idoy 3nys it is rumored in
the Rumanian capital that General Von
Falkenhayn has been recalled from com
mand of the German tperatiuas in
Transylvania, beinr replu-'ed by Field
Marshal Von Marktusen, iho is iiovs
Dobrudja- In MncKensen's place, tnV
dispatch says, it i-s reported that the
Germans will put General l.udendorff.
Rumanians Fall Back.
TUelrograd, Nov. 21. I'nder German
pressure, tho Rumanians have retired to
Filiash, according to the Russian war
office statement issued here today.
Serbian Pursuit ncree.
Salonika, Nov. 21 Serbian Torres are
hotly pursuing the Bulgarian-German
forces retreating toward I'rilep after
being forced out of ilonastir. They
have captured the towns of Mnkovo,
Oredovo, Vrnncei. Ridarie, Bitiunik, No
vak and Suhndol. despite resistance by
reiuforced eoliiums of the enemy. This
resistance is more stubborn as fresh
troops are being brought to the Teu
Serbian cavalry entered Monastir
from the east, swimming the Cerna riv
er. In the meantime the French. Rus
sian and Italian forces entered the eity
from the south. Those of the people
(Continued on two.)
San Francisco, Nov. 81. News of the
Drear Discovery today is startling Cali
fornia. The discovery in thin case is
the finding of one article of diet at the
same price as last year, with assurances
of a bigger supply than ever. Arti
chokes, suy dealers, will sell at the usual
prices, and the crop is 25 per cent larg
er than a year ago.
Artichokes mny replace potatoes en
tirely, and the erstwhile lowly tubers
may be listed as the piece d 'resistance,
for dealers say the present price of po
tatoes, much higher than lait year, is
bound to increase. They declare the
California potato crop is one-third norm-'
al, and shortages arc nlso reported in
Republican Central Commit
tees Concedes Election
Snu Francisco, Nov. 81. The republi
can state central committee today esti
mated that President Wilson's plurality
n lautornin will be in excess of u,40O.
Basing the estimate on tabulation by
thera of official returns rrom SO coun
ties uud semi-oTficiul returns from the
other eiaht thev set the fiirure at 3.-
4 l'J. Sylvester McAtec, secretary ofJ
the committee, declared unofficially
that this was merely an approximation
but be believed it to be close to Uie
final official result.
McAtee also dechu-cd be is convinced
that there is no chnnec of a split in
California's electoral vote although he
believes there ill be n considerable dif
ference between the highest and lowest
republican and democratic electors.
Meanwhile Secretary of State Jordan
nt Sacramento, is rushing his official
tally of the vote from the various coun
ties in order to have it finished and
certified by the governor November :!0.
ns'required under tho law. When work
was resumed today the secretary of
state's "dorks had. .nut found n single
error in tho returns sent to theni. Thir
teen counties remained to be tabulated.
No Changes So Far.
Sncrompnto, Cal., Nev. . 81. Totals
from 43 couuties on the presidential
vote have been completely checked to
day by the secretary of state and no
variance from the figures as given out
by county officials has been found. Ten
counties including Los Angeles, San
Francisco and Alameda are yet to send
ia figures. The official, count will not
be completed this week.
Hughes Still Waits.
New Turk, Nov. 21. Chairman Will
cox -of the republican national commit
tee today declared no telegram conced
ing the election of President Wilson or
congratulating him has been prepared,
so far as he knows. ' -
Commenting on reports published in
New York that Charles K. Hughes had
really prepared a telegram of congratu
lation, Willcox said:
"I know of no such statement haying
been prepared- I saw the governor'last
night and the situation is just as it has
been. There w no change. We haven't
said anything about the recount because
the oTlicinl count is not yet completed
and we certainly wouldn't have any
thing to say about anything else. I don't
know what the results of the official
count would be any more than you do
and it would be roolish of me to say
anything about it."
Betters Give It Up.
Dallas, Texas, Nov. 21. Hughes may
not have conceded his defeat, but bet
ting commissioners and private bettors
in this part of Uie southwest have ac
cepted the statement of tho republican
central committee of California esti
mating Wilson's plurality at .'i.410 as
placing the state defiuitely in the Wil
son column. Thousauds of dollars began
changing hands on the strength of the
In Chicago Market
Chicago, Nov. 21. Wheat was steaih-
today after an opening slightly above
yesterday's closing. Heavy demand af
the the opening sent the 'prires up,
but liberal commission hou. offerings
checked the advance. At noon Decem
ber was down half cent below today's
opening at l.SiVi; May unchanged at
Sl.xst and July up 1-s at I.GW 1-S.
Corn opened s'rong, but realirJng
sales Inter caused a downward trend.
Decemler was down 1 3-4 at 9 IU;
Mav down V, at t"; July down 34 at
Oats were lower, losing strength with
the leading grains. December was down
at 57 3-9 and May down 3 3 at
Provisions were higher.
STEAMER. IN DISTRESS
Washington, Nov. 21. The Maliory
liner Lampacas is in distress off Bruns
wick, Ga, on St. Simon's bar and the
coast guard cu.ter Tampa is rushing
to her assistance, wireless dispatches
said this afternoon.
The Lampacas is a 3,000 ton ship, 330
feet in length. She is in the nim-nger
acd reight servir-e between New York
TO BE ANSWERED
Intimation Is That General
Strike May Not Fellow
MAY SOON UNITE WITH
FEDERATION OF LABOR
Railroads Want To Get Rid of
Control by State Railroad
By Carl D. Groat.
(I'nited Press staff correspondent.)
Baltimore, Md-, Nov. 21. "There's
going to be an eight-hour day on the
railroad! or there's some unfinished
business before this country."
In this manner todav Warren S. Stone
head of the Brotherhood of Locomotive
tngineers, answered the question of
whether the rail road brotherhoods will
call a strike if pending injunction pro
ceedings tin up the operation of the
Auamson eight-hour law.
Speaking in responso, to an enthus
iastic welcome given himself and the
heads of three other brotherhoods by
the delegates to tho American Federa
tion of 1-abor convention, Stone declar
"Labor will wntch from the sidelines
while the railroads fight their own gov
ernnieut. " -
Kfforts to obtain from- the other
brotherhood leaders nil expression of
their purpose in the matter were fruit -
less, notwithstanding President Gomp-
er's assertion from the platform
"We expect thobrotherhoods on the
iinu iiay or junusrv to inaugurate tne
eight ho"ur da." ' 7
Affiliation of the brotherhoods with
the American Federation of Labor with
ia a short time seemed likely at the
conclusion of tho four leaders' visit
to tho convention.
A general railroad strike January 1
may not follow as the result of the pres
ent situation growing out of the Adam
ion law dispute.
This interpretation was placed today
on remarks of thief Stone of the Hroth
erhood of Locomotive Engineers that
the question of such a strike "will be
answered later." Tho element of doubt
regarding his remarks arises from the
fact that last week in New York, broth
erhood chiefs flatfootedlv said there
would be a strike if they did not get a
real eight hour day.
W1U Await Test.
Now it is believed, the brotherhoods
will be content to await a test of eon
stitutionnlity of the Adamson eight hour
measure. The brotherhoods, however,
are shrouding their movements in an ev
en deeper secrecy than that which mark
ed their ppogrnm when they threatened
strike last summer-
Today the brotherhood chiefs are in
Baltimore to speak before the American
Federation of Labor convention a
move that portends cooperation be
tween them and the railway department
of the federation o force an eight hour
day in all branches of railroad service.
At the same time, the department of
justice, and the brotherhoods' legnl de
partment are ready for the opening of
the Adamson tests Thursday when the
Union Pacific and Santa Fb start their
suits at Kansas City. The course taken
by the crew in these cases will be vitr.l
and upon its action will probably rest
the final decision of the brotherhoods
as to whether there shall be a strike.
The Newlnndj committee investiga
tion of the general subjects of rela
tions between railroads nud the general
public will continue with the rnilroads
putting forth proposals for alleviation
of what they regard as an irksome con
dition. They will fight particularly for
elimination of control by state railroad
The question of wages has been min
imized to date but when brotherhood
leaders return, they prubablv will nsk
a hearing and precipitate sharp discus
sion on that point.
Labor Is TJunafraid.
Baltimore, Md., Nov. 21. Any ex
Ifctation thut an affiliation of the Big
Four brotherhoods and the American
Federation of 1-abor might be the re
sult of these two bodies mutual fight
for the eight hour day and the unlimited
right to stWke, was dampened here tn
day when Wnrreu h. Stone, head of the
engineers addressed the federation con
vention. "We arc not allied with the Amer
ican Federation of Labor and only be
cause of jurisdictional disputes that
would at once arise in ease such alliance
blioalj come to pass. That is the reason '
uud that alone," he said.
- Stone was the first of the four broth
erhood representatives to speak.
"I eome with a message of good will
from the locomotive engineers," he
said. "We four executives are thor
oughly happy and thoroughly well con
tente,, thuugh we have had 100 injunc
tions served oa us during the past five
days and arc expecting more in the
(Continued on ago two.)
Keynote Is: "Prepare To Meet
WANTS LARGER NAVY TO
HELP ENFORCE PEACE
Would Modify Sherman Law
to Permit Organization
By Robert J. Bender.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
Washington, Nov. 21. A call to Am
erican business to meet tiuprecendented
trade conditions after the war, is to be
the keynote of President Wilson's mes
sage to congress Tuesday, December 5.
The president is completing tho message
today and expects soon to have it in the
hands of the printer.
The president believes the country's
industries can do a maximum amount
of work only when there is a minimum
of industrial unrest. , His message is ex
pected to emphasize this in an appeal
to employers and employe for more co
operation, moro confidence of each, in
the other and less tendency to class feel
ing. Iu this connection the president has
formulated plans for rendering practi
cally impossible strikes of all kinds. He
will urge completion of a program sim
ilar to that proposed in his last mes
j - age to handle such situations as the
recent threatened strike of the railroad
Believing the railroad problem as im-
portant a domestic issue as confronts
tne country, tne president will urce
congress to give the most careful con
sideration to possible legislation which
will allow the transportation systems to
expand and to improve to meet the ad
ditional stress under which they will
be placed at the elose of the war."
Abroad also, the foundations must be
laid for the trade upheaval, the prei
dent believes. He will urec congress to
act immediately upon a measure along
mo lines oi ine vicdd Dill, which would
have permitted American exporters to
organize without fear o anti-trust law
In addition to these the president 'c
message will urge action upon different
measures recommended in his message
oi a year ago and which are ti 1 on
the list of the administration's "un
finished business." They are expected
Conservation laws: legislation for ren
dering fuller political justice to the peo
ple of Porto Rico, a corrupt practices
act, federal aid nnd stimulation to in
dustrial and vocational education like
that given in the field of agricultural
industry and posBibly laws giving fed
eral agents more effective weapons to
use in ueaung witn conspirators against
the neutrality of the government..
tne president also probably will urge
continuation of "preparedness for
peace" by continuance of a progres
sive program of national defense includ-
ng material additions to the navy. In
his recent pleas for the union of na
tions to prevent future wars, the presi
dent has pointed but that if America is
to play her part in enforcing this pence,
she must have the neeessarv means.
RITCHIE IN SEATTLE
Seattle. Wash.. Nov. 21. Willie Rit-
hie is in town. He boxes Sid Mitchell
four rounds here tomorrow night. In
the same card Valley Trambiias, Tort
land middleweight meets Frank Farm
er of Tacoma.
Fart Safely Landed.
London, Nov. 21. A Lloyds dispatch
lutes that the captain and part of the
rew or tne Norwegian steamer rinn,
iciun or a submarine, have been safely
There are two Norwegian steamers
umed Finn listed in Lloyds reinster.
One is of 3,800 tons, the other of 230
tons. Tho lureer is registered at Ber
A MTJalCIPAL COAL MINE
Tcrre Haute, Ind., Nov. 21
Mayor Gnssom 's municipal eoul
mine did an unprecedented btis
inens today. Three thousand or
der. practically nil of them
calling for the limit of two and
one half tons each, were receiv
ed the first- day of business
and hundreds of others started
pouring in early today.
Con I was still m-ilrng at
42.75 a ton a', the municipal
market and the mayor said
that it would remain at that
figure. The dealers' prire re
mained at i lor the some grade
of coal, but they admitted that
they would have to start cut
ting the figure if they wanted
to do any business.
Young Bandits Held Un
Pacific Union Club
. Saa Francisco, Nov. 21. i A dragnet
was thrown out by the police today in
an effort to capture the five youthful
bandits who attempted the most daring
robbery San Francisco lfas known in
years last night when they invaded the
exclusive racitic inion club and held
up all with whom they came in contact.
The net proceeds of their adventure
was about t20 in silver. They failed
to get $2,000 in gold which was in the
cash drawer because they lost their
nerve at the critical moment-
The youths were evidently amateurs.
Driving up to the club wnrch Is on the
summit of fashionable Nob Hill the
robbers held un the attendants in the
lobby and then attempted to make the
rounds of the card rooms and other
rooms where the wealthy members were.
They were panic stricken when they
can mrir eiioris laiung and lied.
Will Also Deport Switzers and
Citizens or Duchy of
London, Nov. 21. Notwithstanding
protests from America, Holland and
tho Vatican, Germany is still deporting
Belgian workmen. Moreover she is now
registering, presumably fur future do
portation all citizens of Switzerland
and the Duchy of Luxemburg who nre
residing m Hcigium.
A statement from"She London office
of the Belgian dejiartment of justice
made these - assertions today.
"The deportations of Belgian sub
jects continue without respite," the
statement asserted. "The council of
nldermen at Brussels were arrested be
cause they refused to communicate
lists of unemployed to the German au
thorities. Deportations are proceeding
in tno province or iiainauit and in
Wells and Flanders. Subjects of tho
! of Luxemburg and also of Switz
erland residing in Belgium are compell
ed to register. A group of Luxemburg
era have already licen deported."
BUN PUIS II ON
Asks Rich To Do Away With
Liquors as Poor Are Com
pelled To Do
Chicago, Nov. 21 Wealthy church
members wcro today seriously weigh
ing the pleas of William Jennings Bry
an here that they exclude wine from
"Such action will take from liquor
men the argument that tho saloon is the
poor man's club nnd that the rich have
no right to enjoy wines at their clubs
and tables while they deprive the poor
men of his enjoyment," Bryan said.
He acknowledged his change of mind
on the question of prohibition, saying
that ho once voted for high license and
against state prohibition.
"But I changed because I found
liquor interests wouldn't adjust them
selves to any community unless they
controlled it," he said. "I am now
in favor of the dry fight in town, coun
ty, state or nation, and 1 am ready to
join with- other nations in wiping the
liquor traffic from tho face of- the
Bryan announced today he would re
turn later for a 10 day campaign to aid
Chicago in its anti-saloon fight which
is to culminate in 1011 His visit here
yesterday was the opening gun of the
Would Place Embargo
On Wheat and Hour
San Francisco, Nov. 21,-j-A national
campaign to persudc I'resident vwison
to put sm embargo on exportation of
wheat and food products, in an effort to
prevent further rises in the cost of liv
ing, will be carried on by retail grocers
the country over, according to an
nouncement todav by t hoirmnn i-ranK
Connolly, of the executive committee of
the National Retail drocen' associa
tion. It is planned to place a petition for
surh an embargo in every grocery nnd
ask customers to sign it.
BUILDING SOME 8HIP8
Portland, Ore., Nov. 21.
Portlnnd shipyards vt ill put
three five-masted auxiliary
schooners iu the water within a
month, it was announced today.
Steel ships will begin sliding off
the a ays by February.
Yet an artist isn't necessarily dan
geious because his designs arc bad.
HER WAY HOI
Great Crowd Lines Shore and
Cheers As Big DiVer
SCENE OF ACCIDENT IS
PASSED IN DAYLIGHT
Will Have Darkness To Aid
Her In Passing Three
New London, Conn.. Nov. 21. The
German under sea freighter Deutfeh-
ami made her second start for her
homo port of Bremen at 2:33 this
afternoon escorted by two tngs which.
were to accompany her to the three
mile limit at the end of the sound.
To the aceomonninient of cheers
from the crow of her "mother ship"
Willehad, tho . Dcutsrhland slowly
swung out into tho harbor shortly be-
loro 2:40. The great steel net, which
guarded her stern had been swung
aside and the sea-green monster of tho
deep slipped out of her berth nndec
her own power.
Unco out into the main stream, aba
lowly swung about pointing he aos
oward the open Atlantic ana with tho
tug Alert alongside was soon bended
for the open sea. ,
Several members of the Dentsch-
lund's crew were on deck and waved
their huts to their countrymen on th
Willehad as the Deutsehlund gathered
speed and started bcr homeward
journey in earnest.
The Deutschtend 's helmsman Kleesr
stood at the wheel. Captain Kotnig,
smiling and as affable as ever, stood
by his side. ' A great, crowd lined tho
shore cheering and waving "good bye"
to the German merchantman.
There is no secrecy incident 1o fh
F.nrly ia the day rumors were flying
that the submersible might sail at any
time. ' ,
At 2:10 two tugs reported at the)
pier ready to escort her . to sea and
rowds were then soon uning m
At 2:01 the Deutschland passed tr
Trumbull and was headed lor th
The submersible will pass Kac
rocks where she collided with ilt tug
, Huiit Jr.. last Monday about :ju
this afternoon, judging from the speed
which she was making as soe eimreu
the harbor. Five men perisnea wnu
he tug sank in this accident ana it
assumed Captain Koenig decided not
to attempt to pass through these dnn-
erous waters again at nignt.
The submersible will be able 10 clear
The Race well before dars. ana wi
then have the benefit or. tne eover oi
L-ht for her first ttasn neyona
three mile limit." '
TKtt Dviitsrhland consumed seventeen,
days on her last voyage to this coon-
'Yl. i ,. f tWa
The lieutscnianu piw-u
harbor and into the sound snoni.r
after 3 o'clock. She passed ort
Wright, Fishers island, at 3:24.
The tugs Heekwith and Alert wera
steaming alongside the Deutschland up
to the time she passed New London,
light. After leaving tho-v light, how
ever, the submarine increased her
H.ed to about 12 knots an hour and
the tugs dropped behind.
The Deutschland theu headed into
the dangerous waters of the Rani
where the accident f last week oc
curred. , ,
The three mile limit is just beyond
The Race. Reports of allied ships be
ing off the coast have subsided durintj
the last few days, but it was believed
tho Deutschland would submerge im
mediately she passed the three mile
TO BUILD FOUR ROADS
Taenia, Wash , Nov. 21. With ten-
tntive contracts to build at leasi lour
cw teel vessels in Tacoma, artifile of
incorporation for tho lacoma 'P
Building companv, ncre filed ia Olym
pia todav. Work is expected to start
within a inomii.
at Tin? VUCITXILO
night and Wed
fair south and
probably rain or