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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 18, 1916)
Editorial Page of "The Capital Journal"
KATTROA Y, F.YKXJXd,
November is. lit 10-
CHARLES H FISHER,
Editor and Manager.
PUBLISHED EVERY EVENING EXCEPT SUNDAY, SALEM, OREGON, BY
Capital Journal Ptg. Co., Inc.
L. S. BARNES, CHAS. H. FISHER,
DORA C. ANDftESEN,
Sec. and Trcas.
Daily by carrier, per year
Daily by mail, per year .
.$5.00 ler month
. 3.00 Per month
FULL LEASKD WIKE TELEGRAPH REPORT
New York, Ward Lewis Williams Special Agency, Tribune Building
Chicago, V. H. fctockwell, People's Gag Building
The Capital Journal currier boys are instructed to put the papers on the
porch. I the carrier does not do this, misses you, or neglects getting the
paper to you on time, kindlv phone the circulation manuger, as this is the only
way we can determine whether or not the carriers are following instruction.
I'hone Main 81 beforo 7:30 o'clock and a paper will be sent you by special
messenger if the carrier has missed you.
THE SUPREME BOSS
The railroads are each and all bringing actions against
the trainmen and United States district attorneys to
prevent the Adamson law being made effective. In most
of these cases the complaint sets up that the law is un
constitutional. This law was passed by the two houses of
congress, was signed by the president and- became a law
thereby. It was passed by the people through their repre
sentatives, and was, and is therefore, the act of the peo
ple. Who then has a right to say it is unconstitutional,
or for that matter say anything else about it that can in
anyway affect it? In the formation of the government
there were three distinct and co-ordinate branches of
government established. The executive, the legislative
and the judicial. At no time was the judicial branch
given any authority over the others, and that it assumes
that authority is in itself unconstitutional.
There is no'branch of government above the people who
compose the governed, and who under our system are
the government, - Their will is law. They can change the
constitution at any time and do away with the judicial
branch entirely if they see fit to do so.
When did the judges of the country become greater
than the people? 'Can a creature become greater than its
creator? Can a judge appointed by the people through
their president tell the president where he must get off
at? Can a judge or a supreme court override the will of
the people and tell them they shall not have something
they have voted to have? The legislators fresh from the
jteople pass a law the voters demand; by what authority
does anyone presume to question the right of the people
to have what they want, and to tell them they cannot
have it? If there is anywhere in any constitution this
authority granted to the judiciary, it should be published
to the world so that all may know that here in America
where the people rule or are supposed to, there is a
power greater than the legislature, greater than the
president and higher than the people themselves. If this
is the case then we are no longer a fie people but one
over whom there is a power higher than all else except
God. If this idea of the supremacy of the judiciary is
right then the time is not far distant when the people
will select a judiciary that will let them have something
to say about what they want in the way of laws. .
It is a great thing for just such cases as that now aris
ing over the Adamson bill, and it suits the eight billion
dollar organization exactly, to have a branch of the gov
ernment above the people to which it can appeal, an all-.
powerful brancn ot government uiai m us&im. mc in
roads and the eight billion dollar gang to override con
gress and the president, and snap their fingers at the
people. The first thing the attorneys for the govern
ment should do. is to test the constitutionality of the
judge-made proposition that the judicial system is above
the legislative and executive, and to show, if this is so,
how it became so.
Rev. Eli J. Forsvthe, an evangelist preaching in Mil
waukee, Wisconsinlast Sunday, took as his subject "the
modern dance." The report of his discourse says he
lambasted the modern dance in so forceful a manner that
women in the congregation held their fingers in their
cars to avoid hearing him. He so vividly described what
is his opinion of the emotions of the dancers that many
men as well as women refused to stay through the ser
mon. Among other things he said the modern dance was
so degrading that "no girl could leave a dance hall with
the same degree of modesty as before she enterd it."
Many tried to escape the church but found the doors
locked and guarded by ushers and entreaties to be per
mitted to leave were unavailing. Only a threat to have
a fire department enforce tho regulations at last opened
the way for escape. This is something entirely new in
the way of "holding an audience spellbound."
The British Press as well as the people are unanimous
in favoring food regulation. They have not tried it yet,
and perhaps when they do thoy will not be so strongly
THEY MIGHT BOYCOTT IT
The prisoners at the penitentiary have asked the
board of control to meet a delegation from the prisoners
to discuss tne management 01 tne prison, it is a nappy
thought, tor surely the prisoners know more of the hard
ships of the place than even the officers. Who is better
qualified to pass upon the management of the institution
than those who have made a life study of it or are doing
sor It is well enough tor the board to hear any com
plaints the prisoners may have to make, humanity, de
mands that; but in the management of the prison there
should be some outside of it capable of handling the job
without consulting those inside. No doubt the prisoners
find many things they would like to change, for their
work is "confining," but they should remember the place
was not originally intended as a summer resort or pleas
ure palace, although many of our social workers seem to
labor under that impression. If they do not like the
board and lodging or are dissatisfied with the service.
the best thing they can do is to hereafter avoid the place
and refuse to patronize it in any form.
Of course, if our regular boarders at the penitentiary
should refuse to commit infractions of the law in order
to keep out of the institution in the future, because they
dislike the way it is conducted, it would work a radical
change in many things outside the penitentiary. For
instance, our supply of reformed convicts who make such
, successful revivalists and temperance lecturers would be
cut off, and many professional social up-Jift reformers
might have to go to work in order to earn a living. Quite
likely there are other and far-reaching effects which
would follow the refusal of crooks and thugs to do things
that would land them in a penitentiary where the em
ployes are not attentive to their every want and there is
a lack of private baths in connection with the first-class
cells. Possibly the prison board might find 'it possible
to engage the services of an experienced hotel manager
who would better understand the art of catering to the
wants of particular guests than , the ordinary superin
tendent, too frequently selected as a man accustomed to
dealing with criminals. '
The board, in considering the petition of the lady and
gentlemen convicts, should get entirely away from the
idea that the penitentiary is a place of punishment and
remember that it is only the law-abiding citizen who is
never considered by the long-haired prison reformers.
The taxpayers who are paying the bills for the enter
tainment of this choice assortment of law-breakers
might consider their petition from a different angle but
nobody except the tax collector ever . thinks of them
anyway. ' ' "v - ' '
THE DOWN-TRODDEN RAILROADS
lint while all these conditions are contributing fat-tors, it must not be
forgotten that one of the prime causes of the ear shortage and general lack
oi transportation facilities that is being, relt throughout the country is the
public Inutility toward the railroads that has been so openly manifested for
so many years. The railroads have been opposed at almost -every point and
have faced a hostile public sentiment. They have been starved for years,
anil us a result have not .been able to keep puce in the way of improvements
new lines nnd new rolling stock with the development of the country. The nat
ural result is a shortage of transportation facilities no wthat the country has
begun to move forward rapidly in response to the stimulus of the war.
- Just plain rot! The railroads last year made more
money thao ever before in the history of the country.
THE WHOLE BODY
! NEEDS PURE BLOOD
I Tlio bones, the muscles, anrl all flis
! organs of the body depend for their
I strength and tone and healthy-action
j on pure blood.
If the blood is very impnre, tb
bono become diseased; the musclea
become enfeebled, the step loses il
elasticity, and there is inability t
perform the usual amount of labor.
The skin loses its clearness, and
pimples, blotches nndithor eruption
feeling. Be sure to get Hood's nnd
get it today. All druggists.
LATE IIOP NOTES.
Discussion of our methods of electio n has been renewed by the close vote
for president and of the defeat of the party which had large pluralities in
the populous northeastern stutes by the party which had small pluralities
in tlnv less populous western und southern states. Though it hail supported
the winning candidate, the New York World opened the discussion by propos
ing that the constitution be amended by ubolishing the electoral coilege and
by providing that the president and vice president be elected by direct pop
ular vote without regard to state lines. ' .
The Oregonian is as hard a loser as it was an unfair
campaigner. If it thinks the West is of so little conse
quence why doesn't it move back East, the dumping
ground of the scum of the old world, and print its paper
in a more congenial atmosphere. Wilson would have
been elected under any old plan of election. He has a large
majority in the electoral college, and a popular majority
of over 400,000. All the real Hughes strength was con
centrated in the three states of New York, Pennsylvania
and Illinois. Most of the other states on his list were
carried by very narrow margins. No possible system of
electing a president would have made his chances any
better than the present plan.
That doesn't look like thev were suffering much from i appear.
anything. There was not the slightest excuse for their ',.n'!od'Tst Snrsnriiu mates pt.r.
J? . j j if j. j i i blood. It is positively ttneqiinled m
refusing to expend a few millions to provide ample i tIie treatment of sen.fi.ia n'.d other
facilities for taking care of the business of the country, j humors, catarrh, rheumatism, dys-
nt thn nmncnnniira fliarrnn mi f on. ff nni III- .Ma, ! Hi. u.i il-llie, mill, lin-a
these plaintive wails on behalf of the railroad corpor
ations, and we begin to elect representatives of the peo
ple instead of the railroads to state offices and the legis
lature will there he anv tan pi hie nrosnect of relief from
. . . .. . i t .; k-;m -u -io i,.,i., e
the present intolerable transportation conditions, lhe t0 Buiion of Meiiunviiie at 11 ecitZ
Northwest is short on cars and its railroads lack terminal wn,t 't of prime to choice hops.
facilities and shops in many places where they ought toT-Vniyuto
have them, and newspapers like the Register blame the this week at jo 3-4 cents, nd i shipping
people for this condition instead of bringing to account Getting cars o that' imT i""
the dividend gluttons who control the railroad corpor-j ;"''," vv uncertain, jt required over
.: t T t-U ,1 4- 4.U:.. 1 1 10 l,l'-VH to secure the two Mr.. Dent
ctuuiia. xeu me iiuuucius cut uii uicn pam legislative , shipped out.
lobbyists, their newspaper organs, their politician em-:, Ymi .H,"t,,s lm" sol(1 his ll,t of n
1 J j i- u j 1 a 1 4. j 4? i.1 ' bales ot hops to L. L. (nibble, for the
ployes and high-priced lawyers retained to defeat laws;wif nop company at 11 cents. - tlu
passed for the protection of the public, getting down to a i as one of the i.est lots in the Aura
, . 1 -. ii - i 1 1 ; section, it is said.
business basis, and tne saving m a single year would oe Buck Hutchinson has contracted 2(1,
sufficient to provide all the facilities necessary to take !,00i'n,n"lH."'f l!,l7'HiiiS from the guv
c 4.1. 4. cc c 4-U 4. ibeitou yards near Fargo to L. I Grib-
Care OI the traffic OI the COUntry. hie lor the Seavey Hop company at 11
I cents. The 101(1 hops from this yard
mi. iii . in- i. r i. n i l in ; Wl'"" contracted to the same firm.
The blatant voice dwelling at Oyster Bay made itself; Most hop growers nre agreed that
heard again in an address before the American Academy i,,Ue'loa8t "p iH be eatjy Te-
c a 4. i t -4. 4. 4. xt ir i t-i 4. 4. i j i ,u"'i next year- The spread of pro
of Arts and Literature at New York. . For once it told kibitbm is discouraging to the hop in-
the truth, quite liKely by accident, when it said: "The" '7', th" llc -iy voted dry
J-X 4.-- i 1. !"!,,,'s d nt become actually dry until
eitort to oe original Dy Deing iantastic is always cheap. una. The trend of that many growera
In this case his address was illustrated by his presence. VTnJZLlYna Mhe bufue?"
TT . ... n .1 , i. i 4. 4, :anl W1" prepnro for something else t
He is a living evidence of the truth of his statement. -follow it, though few of them know
I what it will be.
., ,, .... , . ' I-ast week showed considerable move-
The weather as well as politics is doing some queer .ment in hops on the .oast, some a.nutj
stunts this year. Reports from Alaska are to the effect I n t'"
that it has been raining there since the 10th of the month : highest price reported paid in 6rco
and the weather is warm. Here in Oregon it has:beenj!r.Br
clear and cold with the thermometer lower than at any , California brought as high na ji .1-2
f!v,fl ;n fl otta,.o,v- -nuora. i.oserver.
Liiuc; in nit; avciac iuid
TAX LIMITATION BULL,
Dr. Aked, who resigned a $10,000 pastorate to go to
Europe with the Ford party, and who later resigned and
returned to America, was not re-elected td his old posi
tion a few days ago, and the result is a regular war
among his church s congregation. He should take heart
of grace and consider the condition of a gentleman oc
cupying a much higher position than he, who resigned in
order to take a hand in the political game and who finds
just as does Dr. Aked that he cannot resume his old
t ' ' r 1 f tt ti ., reU
Salem, Ore., N'ov. 17, 1910.
- To the Kditor: Inasmuch us there
has been considerable discusion per
taining to the Six Per Cent Tax Limi
tation Bill, which was lately passed, I
desire to make known my position on
1 opposed this bill before the elec
tion on the ground that it did not np-
Iply as was intended by its makers and
under its provisions the stnte could not
raise within $j.S.'l,000 as much next
year as they thought it could.
.The object of the bill was to pre
vent the state or any tax levying dis
trict in the state from spending more
money one year than it had spent the
preceding year, plus six per cent, but
the bill was made to read that neither
the state nor any tax levying district
in the state can raise more money one
yearJhnn it raised the preceding year,
plinc ix per cent, which is quite a dif
ferent proposition. Tor instance, the
State of Oregon required to pay the.
running expenses of its departments
and institutions for the year 1010, &!,
100,000, in addition to money raised
from indirect sources. The state car
ried over an unexpended balance from
1!l.-, of $.V)0.000, and after deducting
this amount from the amount required,
iiamelv ;t, 100,(100. it raised but $2,"50,
000 for 1010. although it spent $.1,100,
000. Xow, under the proviisions of this
constitutional amendment the state
cannot raise but six per ceut more than
f 2,500,000 next year, or"' $i',7U3,00),
IADD & BUSH, Bankers
Transact a General Banking: Business
Safety Deposit Boxes
"Muysou has asked us out to the
club to dinner," Clifford remarked the
next morning at breakfast. It was very
late the night before when he 'came in,
and I had pretended to be asleep.
"That will be nice!" I answered. I
realized that my tone was rather forced
in spite of na effort to act natural. I
had been hurt because Clifford had left
me alone so late, and naturally won
dered with whom he had been.
"Has that motor coat come yet?" he
asked. There had been some trifling
alterations to the coat, and it had only
been delivered Into the day before.
"Yes. it came last night."
"Thafi good? Is it all right t"
"I expect we will have a tine dinner
and a pleasant evening, but remember,
this is s business trip and if I can get
Mnyson to talking, be careful you do
"Why, I never do! ".exclaimed.
"But I have noticed he doesn't seem
very keen to talk business when he's
"Well, he has got to tonight! And I
trust you not to distract hi attention
after you see me commence to talk."
"I surely shnll not!" I replied, and
man's as good as gold, and name your infant after him.'S
"Your money back if things don't suit," our
grocer says, in all his ads; but when I
bought some wormy fruit, for which I paid
my hard-earned scads, he did not cheer
fully refund; his whiskers he began to
comb, and tightened up his cummerbund,
and talked until the cows came home.
"Those prunes," he said, in heated terms,
"were fresh when taken from the shelf,"
implying that I put the worms into the
doggone prunes myself. I pulled his ears
and tweaked his nose, and said. "We'll iust
; forget those prunes, but never more, tell life shall close,
; will I spend here my picayunes." A lot of merchants
; make that bluff, "Your money back, if things don't
; please," but when you call to get the stuff, they hand you
! out the same old wheeze. But now and then a merchant
I bold makes good and never bats a glim ; you say that!
. ' i u j ...
NEW CHEESE FACTORY.
which is $100,000 less than the amount
expended ill lttlll. . j Tllc neighboring dairymen of South
Mr. Kobert Smith, secretary of the ''verton and tho Waldo Hills, mot at
Tax Pavers' League, which bodv ' Iv j'"I,w,0 IWm- K,",fma." HturdV
, , ' . .... ,." .Mining tor the purpose ot organizing
drafted this bill, admitted, in a dis-; n cooperative cheese association. Or
eussion with nie, before the Chamber , gnni.ation was perfected by clectiiuj
of Commerce iu Portland, Monday, i "cfollowing officers:
October 2!lth. that the committee did m. Ring chairman,
not know, when drafting this measure.! '' f Hnberly, secretary,
the state carried over a balance of',.'1- H- lyeiizi, Alfred Kueuzi, S. V,
3.)0,(I0U into tnis year's budget. There- r?"'1- ""f' ;Tlcob Zuieher, directors,
fore, they thought thev were placing ! l,,tl'rs ,v-'" be xuken to organize under
the state' on an equality with other; no. '""P'Tntive enactment of the last
miMiipinnlitiea m.i-mitfintr it fn vi iue ! JOglSlat UTC.
. 1 - . 1 . . -. . . T in honwl C .11 ..
i ns n iici. ns ir sne.tr in im ., - - v
and six per cent more, which would be , " " !ue' u,, (,0('""'" f "egm building
$3,100,000 plus six per cent, or H,L'sH.-1 "l,l,rIlt'""-s utoi.ee and expect to com-
000. which is .-s.000 more than it!m;"'',e V"' ""'k for the factorJr
,H, .. ; ,i, k .,., ; ;.... I -'lurch 1st.
The factory will be located fntir m if M
u.i,,H,, .-.,.. ..c j:i , . . .
Tax Payers',".,"1;;1.. , , V"""n "n" ,s ll"0"
l.e,.,. i,l hw r.rm,,m in flio 'l'Cul) U. 1,. t
of the bill. As proof of
Smith, secretary of the
voters pamphlet, referring to the bill,
''It means that Oregon can continue
to spend all the money she is now ex
pending nnd can increase it six per
cent; but if our public officials wish to
increase it at a faster rate they must
get the authority of the voters."
Xow, as a matter of fact, this meas
ure does not mean anything of the
kind, but in the way it applies, it
means thnt the state can raise $2.3."0,
000 plus six per ceut, or $400,000 less
that it is now spending and that it can
not raise within if.")S:t,00O of what Mr.
Smith and others thought it could
raise nnd intended it could raise when
drafting the bill.
Therefore, instead of permitting the
Four thousand founds of milk .., H.,
has already been assured.
This organization is promoted by
men of enterprise and the factory wilt
afford a new and ready market for the
dairymen 's product. ft'ilverton Tribune-
state to spend ns much us it has spent
heretofore, and six per cent more, the
bill, on account of being improperly
drawn, through lack of knowledge oa
the part of the committee drafting
same, prohibits the state from spending
seventeen per cent of what it spent
last year, and of course will seriously
embarrass the state or other municipal
ities who may be caught in the same
condition. Very respectfully,
T. B. K AT.
y4luMI V I 1 1 I.
BUSINESS VERSUS PLEASURE
On the Way.
It was a delightful ride out to the
club. As I leaned back in the luxurious
limousine nud listened to Clifford and
Mr. Mnyson talk not business, but of
sports, motor cars, etc.. I felt very com
fortable and happy. I said Tory" little,
and they both rallied me on my taciturn
ity. "I am altogether too comfortable to
talk! " 1 declared.
"And you make such a charming pic
ture in that rose-colored coat, you ought
not to be expected to," Mr. Mayson
"It is rn.her fetching against the
gray of the car," Clifford added.
"It is brand new; Mr. Hammond
bought it for me the other day. and this
is the first time I have worn it. Don't
you think he has good tastet" I asked
"He certainly has in other things as
well as in coats." he replied, with a
meaning glance which brought the color
flaming in my cheeks.
To my relief we just then drove up
to the entrance of the club, so I was not
obliged to notice his remark.
The Country Club.
I was delighted with the club. It was
beautifully npopinted, and the service
excellent. We had a wonderful dinner
evidently ordered befor nnr arnv.l'
and, met several people, friends of Mr!
we met I particularly
iiaea a .Mr. and Mrs. fnrris. R
a burly, gruff sort of a man, but s
good-natured. And his wife was so
sweet, so dainty, one could not but won
der in spito of liking him what
brought them together.
After we finished our coffee, Mrs.
Curtis asked me if I wouldn't like t
see the rooms in the club set apart for
the ladies. So we excused ourselves and
chatted, in the quaintest little room, for
nearly an hour. Mrs. Curtis asked me
to drive and take tea with her the next
afternoon, and I gladlv accepted th
When we returned to the table the
gentlemen were talking most animateJ
lv, and I could easily see that Clifford
had had his way, and that the business
he was so anxious to discuss with Bums
Mayson was their subject. I knew, too.
by his expression, that he was pleased
with me because we had left them, and
so given him his chance. But Mr. Mnr
son chided us upon our absence, and
pretended to be inconsolable.
About 11 o'clock Mr. Curttis sont his
chauffeur ahead with his car, and they
rode home in the limousine with ns.
There was plenty of room and tve were
0 very gay little partv.
(Monday The Next Day.)