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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 21, 1916)
! FULL LEASED
CIRCULATION IS ,
OVER 4000 DAILY
ffniRTY-NINTH YEAR NO. 225
SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY; OCTOBER 21, 1916
ON TKAIaB AMU NBWIl
r iV.lVy.Ei J. IT IS lJCUfl IP STANDS FIVE CENT
TWO GREAT BATTLES ARE
RAGiNG IN THE BALKANS
Field Marshall Mackensen Makes Tremendous Smash . at
i Russo-Rumanian Front at Dobrudja Capturing Villages
t Germans Denver Terrific Counter Attacks On the
Somme FrontSerbs Crowd Bulgars Back and Are
Drawing Near Monastir
By William Philip Simms,
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Paris, Oct. 21. German troops apaprently are trying
to regain the initiative on the Somme.
Repeated terrific counter attacks have been delivered
by the Teutons, especially north of the river in the past
few days, preceded by a heavy expenditure of ammuni
tion. Each of these blows, according to reports from
French headquarters, has been shattered one after
The French continue slowly while surely winning their
objectives on the Somme, namely, the heights, Failways
and important highway junctions.
The Germans are suffering greatly from inferiority in
the aeiial branch of warfare on the Somme, the head
quarters reports today. As rapidly as German airmen
appear along the Anglo-French front they are attacked
and driven back. The German commanders thus far lack
information about movements going on behind the allied
In several instances in the last few days the Germans
have spread a curtain fire over vacant ground, wasting
shells lavishly for lengthy periods, either because of poor
range directing by their aviators or because of nervous
ness on the part of their commanders, fearing an attack
at some unexpected point. - ;.
French officials declared today that they have learned
that the Germans are now systematically trying to create
the impression among the neutrals that France is worn
out by 27 months of war. On the contrary, they said,
France is determined to continue battering the German
line with huge, newly-created artillery and other offen
sive materials all winter, despite rain, snow and sleet,
maintaining the initiative,
preventing the transportation of troops to other fronts.
.The French plan to keep their own troops as comfort-;
able as possible and the Germans as uncomfortable as pos
sible during the coming winter months.
German Make Gains. Routh of Dorno Vatrn, oa the Bumnn-
' London, Oct. 21. Two great battles! inn frontier, - Austro-Clermnn attacks
lire raging in the Balkans while rainy
weather on the Somme front and heavy
xnows in the Carpathians have impeded
' infantry actions in two main theatres
Smashing heavily nt the Russo'Ru
li.aninn front, Field Marshal Mnckeiisen
lins resumed the offensive in Dobrudja
' .("it is striving to reach the important
i'onstnuza railway. An official stale
; jnent from the Bucharest of a Russo
' Kumanian reverse, and admits the loss
of a village to the Cterman and Bulgar
in a forces.
Mackensen s new offensive, it in con
sidered certain here, was ordered to
lriug about the withdrawal of Ruman
. inn troops from the Transylvania Troi
T.ie Kuinnninns continue vigorously on'....- , thp Carpathian,
Suported by the French, the Serbs
- have made further advance in the battle
southeast of Monastir ,the French wnr
office announced today though the Bui
; Krians refuse to concede defent, but
. ndinit fierce Serbian attacks. The al-
- lies have advanced north of Velik,
; Teachin? th village of Shirk Baldek, it
isi officially announced in Paris.
- .-Who remembers when shoes used t
- roaie parked like codfish in big wood
' eu boxes? Ther km-never be anything
. approaching amicable relation between
droopin mustache an' a cream puff.
demoralizng the enemy and
were repelled and enemy put to flight,
the Russians capturing n machine gun,
ft trench cannon and a number of pris
oners.. Fight ing all along the eastern front
hos resulted victoriously for the Slavs.
In the Ulianovsk HWttlemeutsf north o'f
Kisielin, u artillery battle Is raging
lu the region of JaroRtavica, northeast
of the Tninopol-Zloczof railway, a Buss
inu detachment penetrated a' Teuton
trench at night, bayoneting those who
resisted nnd returning with prisoners.
Near Konikuhki, the Russians sur
prised and captured three enemy posi
tions. At Barnov farm, along the an-
juvka, au enemy attack was repulsed. A
I liiiort. .nnu'f.11 .nnliniiDB tit liimlpi- on-
........ . .. . . - - - - i
Athens Under French Rule.
London, Oct. 21. Vice-Admiral Du
Fournot, commanding the allied fleet in
Greek waters, has assumed complete con
trol of the situation at Athens and has
tiken drastic steps to prevent further
rioting. The Greek police and gendar
merie now perform their duties under
the eye of the French commander, who
approves all police orders. No police of
ficer can be dismissed or transferred
without his sanction.
The vice-Admiral received these pow
ers through an nppoiutment from the
Greek ministry of the interior to be
"chief inspector." He is empowered
to appoint inspectors with similar pow
ers in other Greek cities.
' An Athens dispatch to the Chronicle
today said that this new arrangement
has brought culm to the Greek capital
though negotiations between Greece
and the allies are temporarily at a
Serb N earing Monastir.
Faris, Oct. 21 The Serbs have pushed
nearer to Monastir iu their new of
fensive, it wa officially announced to
day, mnking further progress in the
bend of the Cerna rTVer. North of Velik.
the allies have reached Skirk Baldek.
The most violent artillery nctiuu is
going ou on the allies' right wiug.
. . Fighting Is Desperate.
Athens,. Oct. 21. Desperate fighting
continues southeast of Monastir, the
.Serbs, supported by the French, attack
ing on tha whole front.
The Serbian advance across the Cerna
has menaced the strong Bulgarian posi
tion at Kcnali, barring the way to
j Monastir. The Serbs are now advancing
against Eenali from both south and
east. ' - -
(Continued on page six.)
COLBY SPEAKS TOR WILSON
Portland, Ore., Oct. 21. Bain
bridge Colby, of New York, the
man who nominated Theodore
Roosevelt at the lust progressive
convention, arrived in Portland
today on a speaking tour in be
half of President Wilson. He
will talk at the armory tonight.
Preparations have been made to
accommodate the biggest crowd
assembled since the visit of C.
WRECK ON LAKES AS
Seven Reported Lost
Wrecked Barge Ship
mg Held Up by Gale
Detroit, Mich., Oct. 81. Seven men
reported lost today in the foundering
of an unidentified barge, believed to
he the B. L. Filer, of Chicago, off Bar
Point, at the Detroit river entrance to
Lake Ktie. One member of the crew
was believed te have been rescued by
th D. & C. steamer Western States.
A wireless message from the West
ern States to the D. & C offices here
gave the information of the- wreck.
Wirelessed reports from the Western
States gave the name of the foundered
craft as the B. L. Fisher, but records
here failed to-shbw'the existence of
such a vessel. Marine men believe the
barge is the Filer. The Filer left Cleve
land October 19 for Chicago in tow of
the steamer Tempest, of the Hamilton
Transportation company, CliieaRO. No
word has reached Detroit concerning the
The Western States was en route tl
Cleveland when she came upon . th
wreck, off Bar Point. A 50 mile gale
which swept the lake throughout the
night had held the D. & C. steamer in
shelter at the mouth of the Detroit river-
She was due in Cleveland at 6
o'clock this morning.
The lone survivor of the barge's crew
was reported to have been rescued from
(he rigging of the ship.
.Shipping on all the Great Lakes wns
in shelter today, awaiting abatement of
Portland, Ore., Oct. 21.
Northwestern shippers will have
to endure the freight car famine
until January according to the
statement today of L. C. Oilman,
president of the Spokane, Port
land & Seattle railroad.
Gilman believes the movement
of northwestern grain crops
eastward in unprecedented
quantities has much to do with
AEREDONDO TO GO
Mexico City, Oct. El. Eliseo Arre
dondo, ambassador-designate to Wash
ington, will return to Mexico City to
become secretary of gubernacion in the
Carranza cabinet, it was learned from
authoritative sources today Ho will
be succeeded, at Washington by Luis
Cabrera, at present head of the Mexican
section of the Mexican-American com
mission and one of the best informed
men in Mexico on American affairs.
General Pablo Gonzales Is leaving at
once for Atlantic City to replace Ca
brera. Arredando will meet General
Carranza' family at Kan Aitonio and
journey to California with them before
returning to Mexico City. General Fran
cisco Coss arrived enrly today to take
Gonzales' command in Morelos.
Wives of English Officers
By Hal O 'Flaherty
- (United Press staff correspondent)
London, Oct. 1 (By mail) Offi
cer' wives and families, left iu
straitened circumstances, are being
cared for in a magnificent manner by
the British government. Private ho
tels, boarding houses, residences and
public buildings ar being commandeer
ed daily for occupancy by families of
The method or sexiring these place
is causing owners some inconvenience
but in all cases the first complaints
are followed by cheerful acquiscencc.
A private hotel iu Brunswick Square
vrhii'h hn been the home of three Unit
ed Press correspondents, was taken
over by the government today after
onlv four days notice, llneceforth it
will be the residence of the families of
nine Knglish army officers.
The lessees of the Brunswick Square
house were actually flabbergasted when
government agents told them to evacu
ate with all their guests, who were re
quested that evening to find new homes
within two day. There w consterna
tion among the feminine guests, two of
whom had been recently saddened by
the deaths of relatives by German bul
let. However, after the first flurry
and when the object of . the move be
came clear, the grumbling ceased. At
leaders No Longer Talk
About President Carry
JNSTEAD THEY SAY IT'S
"A WILSON LANDSLIDE"
10,000 Wait at Lancaster iit
Cold Drizzle For An Hour
to Hear Him
By Robert J. Bender.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
Long" Branch, N. J., Oct. 21. Back at
Shadow Lawn today after what he re
gntds"the most successful trip" of hi
campaign, President Wilson prepared to
launch his most vigorous efforts during
the two weeks now remaining before
This afternoon he addressed a delega
tion of farmers from the veranda of the
j-ummer White House here; Wednesduy
he leaves lor Cincinnati, where he
speaks Thursday, returning to Long
Branch for another "porch speech"
next Saturday, The 'following week hoi
speaks at Buffalo, New York City and
final speech at Shadow Lawn.
The democratic lieutenants no longer
believe the president will "carry" the
election. They are talking "landslide."
They're a mighty confident group of
party leaders. They believe that the
trip of the president through Pennsyl
vania yesterday,- when thousands of peo
ple met the train at every station in
npite f the coijinvous downpour of
rain, indicate "the way of the tide."
At Lancaster, last night, a community
which hasn't gone democratic since the
Civil war, fully 10,000 people waited in
a Cold drizzle for more than an hour
and gave the president a great ovation.
President Wilson himself was tired
but highly satisfied today. He is con-
fident of the verdict of the voter two
weeks from Tuesday. His long visit
I with former Secretary of State Bryan,
the first meeting they had enjoyed to-
gether since Bryan's spectacular resig-
inntion, put him in fine Bpirits.
' rue little luncheon party which
served to bring the president and his
former cabinet premier into intimate
touch Bgain was unique. When Bryan
reached Pittsburg the president asked
him to ride in the same automobile
"No, this is your day," Bryan re
plied. "I am just an interested onlook
er like the rest-"
They rode iu separate car.
When they returned to the train the
president asked the commoner to take
luncheon with him. Again Bryan do-
mtirred, but this time the president
"Come on now. I have had a plate
laid specially for you."
AUSTRIAN PREMIER SHOT
Berlin, via wireless to Say
ville. L. I., Oct. 21. Count Karl
prime minister, was shot and
killed while at dinner today by
an editor named Adler.
in Government Care
least fifteen people are pounding t.on
don s pavement searching for new
homes today, realizing that they arej
helping the government provide for
those whose need it great.
To compensate the owners or leasee
of commandeered building, the gov
ernment allows a certain portion of the
yearly rent. The furniture and serv
ants are taken over with the buildings,
the government becoming active head
of the hotel or residence. The empire'
agents who inspect the premise to be
used for officer's families are skilled
iu the work, for they invariably take
over those containing every couveu-
Six months ago, London newspapers
; contained scores of advertisement ask-
ing dumicile for officers wives. The
little "ads" were pitiful in a way,
as each suggested the picture of a
nervous and fear stricken woman who
had waved farewell to a husband going
to the front, smiling bravely until the
train pulled out and then sobbing her
way to tome strange hotel Today there
advertisement have practically disap
peared. The official heart of the gov
ernment ha been touched and hence
forth the men at the front will know
that their fnmilie arc in good fur
OLD COMRADES ARE
Boys Glad To See Him But
Are Not With Him
GOOD NATURED JOSHING
FEATURE OF RECEPTION
Wilson's Pictures Every-where-'Hurrah
son" Was Farewell Cry
By J. P. Yoder.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Phoenix, Ariz., Oct. 21. It was hard
for Colonel Roosevelt to remember what
be came out here for today. He made
a 2,100 mile jump from Louisville with
only a few stops in between, to utter
his most -bitter denunciation of Presid
ent Wilson' Mexican policy and urge
tho election of Charles Kvaus Hughes,
but wherever he turned he found old
scenes and old faces that tended to take
his mind off his job.
The Colonel wa-s met here by a big
committee composed of members of the
G. A. H., Spanish war veterans and Con
federate veterans, headed by Dwight B.
Heard, an old personal friend, and Jack
Greenway, a major in the Rough Riders,
who before that was Yale' famous
backstop who caught the curve of
"Dutch" Carter, brother-in-law of Hu
There were tho usual hands and day
light bombs to greet Roosevelt. He
launched at Head' house, with Jack
Greenway, and then spoke at 2:0 this
afternoon. The colonel was to be guest
of honor at a dinner at tho Head home
tonight when several friends of rancli-
ing days were expected in. 'Roosevelt
had been urged not to stop today until
he reached Phoenix, but he forced Regit
Post, in charge of hi tour, to arrange
a atop at Prescott, home of Bucky O'-
weiii. wucKv died in The colonel' arms
half way up San Juan Hill and the colo
nel, although the stop hud to be made
at U:1U ordered Post to wire ahead that
ho would make a short speech.
Gallup Woke Him Up.
All day yesterday and today Roosevelt
was in hi element. He simply drank
in the western scene. "By George,"
he exclaimed at one timo during lunch,
"I'd like to be young again and be out
here. If it weren't for Mr. Rooaevclt
and the children, I'd build myself a cab
in out here with a bath tub in it and
just stay until I died. By George, but
But it remained for Gallup, N. M.,
where he raised half of his Rough Ki
ders, to furnish the reul thrills of the
westward bound trip. Nearly all of the
towa of 3.UUO crowded about to see him
He hadn't started speaking when noisy
heckling began. -
"How's Teddy, but Wilson for me,
shouted a railroad man.
Roosevelt attempted nguin and ngair
to start speaking, but oihers took up
the cry. "How ubout Wilson; I'll bet
you love him."
"I love no ono too proud to fight,"
"We've all got good jobs, why should
we change f" was shouted.
"Yes, but you forget the thousands
out of work until tne European war
pnt money in your pockets," said Ruose
"How about tho 1007 panic!" a man
called; "at that we would vote for you
if you wore running."
"What did you ever dot We've
got eight hours," yelled a railroader
with brass lungs.
Teddy Lost His Temper.
"You fool and coward," shouted the
colonel, "go home and sober up."
Then as Roosevelt was declaring no
American was killed by any foreigner
during his term, a man at the edge of
the crowd who held a baby iu his
arms, shouted: "Yes, but you let the
Taps into the school when I lived in
"And I ent the battle fleet around
to Japan to prevent trouble," called
"How many mint juleps did yon have
at Louisville f " asked the raiituad man.
The colonel was lenning over the end
of his car, shouting in his loudest tones,
obviously enjoying the verbal battle
royal. The railroader was the last man
to shake Roosevelt' hand as the train
"You're a grand mnn, Colonel," he
called, running along with the slowly
moving train, ' ' but me lor vt oodrow
The colonel called Oallup his best
platform stop. With tho colonel on the
platform, while the colloquy wai on was
Jim Ritchie, Troop O, Rough Riders,
who once had a gun argument with an
other gentleman. Jim is now a coal min
er, let the world know, a Wilson demo
crat. Cowboy La for Wilson.
"I'm for Wilson, I'll admit, col
onel,", said Jim belligerently, "but I
didn't ride in here to see no politician.
I came to ace my old colonel and I want
(Continued on page lx.)
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TAKES CANADIAN GRAIN '':
Winnipeg, . Man, Oct. 21. All
existing grain contracts in '
Manitoba wheat have been tak
en over by the British govern
ment, it, was officially stated
this afternoon. v
WOULD HAVE GONE INTO
MEXICO UP TO IHBHiLT
Roosevelt Saya He Would
, Have Made War, Oa Mex
ico If Present
By- J. P. Yodej,
(United Pres staff correspondent.)
Aboard Roosevelt's Special . Train,
Prescott, riz-, Oct. 21. Ex-President
Roosevelt would have gone Into Mex
ico up to the hilt if he had been presi
dent last spring, he told an audience
here today, and he would have put 1n
charge of the border difficulty a man
of the type of "Bucky" O'Ne'ill.
Prescott wai "Bucky V home town.
"Bucky" died in Roosevelt' arms on
San Juan hill. Roosevelt declared
"Bucky", if alive, could have cleaned
up the border in 90 day, Roosevelt
"I am asked what I would have done
in Mr. Wilson ' case about Mexico. Tho
answer is perfectly simple: I would
either have made up my mind to hit or
not hit. But under no circumstances
would I have hit aoft.
"The right rule Is don't hit all If
you can help it. If you must hit a man,
don't hit him soft: knock him ouv
"Pershing was sent after Villa. If
he was sent at all it should have beet
understood that the job was to be put
through up to the hnndlp- When Car
ranza said Pershing could not use the
railroads I would have Instantly re
sponded: 'General Pershing will use the
railroads and he will treat as an enemy
anv man who Interfere with him.'
"When Carranza said Pershing could
not enter the town. I would have said:
'He shall enter the towns. He shull go
anywhere and , he shall treat anyone
opposing him as acting In the interest
"Above all, aiji Carranza and the
Carrnnza soldiers fonght our troops and
killed them, Icahould have instantly di
rected Pershing to utrike back a hard
as he knew how, and not inquire which
particular bandits killed our men. If
this had been done, the trouble would
have been settled last June, It would
have opened the miue and I will guar
antee that four-fifths of the insurgent
armies would instantly have gone back
to work when they found they could get
wages and food and protection.
"We now have 150,000 soldiers on the
border. They've been there four months.
If 'Buckey' O'Noill were alive toduy I
would have put him on the border with
a proper force under him and I will
guarantee that in 60 days there would
not be a bandit venturing to wiuk cross
eved nt us, and if we had a man In the
White House this kind of thing would
be doue now."
GET PART OF FUND
This Will Amount to About
$50 a Month While Boys
Were On Border
Through Major W. W. Wilson, act
iing adjutant general for Oregon, Cap
tain Max (Iciilhar has received word
from the war department concerning
the dependents of soldiers during the
stay on the Mexican border, and the
information given states that such sol- brj ,he peopi0 0( tin country to real
dier will be given a portion of tho L ftrnmu making only 15 week
of relieving the dependents.
Some time ago a letter was addressed
from the adjutant general of Oregon
to the chief of the militia bureau at
Washington asking for information
concerning the dependent ot suMicrs
while on the Mexican border and es
pecially whether the memoers or me
Third Oregon Infantry who were mus
tered out of service on September ".),
lltltl. were entitled to any of the fund.
The war department' reply is in part
"All enlisted men who were members
of the militia or national guard at the
time of the calls of the president of
May 9 and June IH, 191, and were
brought into tho service of the United
State mirsuant to those calls are en
titled to the benefits of this act from,
nit in., ml nir. June 19. lHi. The 1am-
ilies of men enlisting in tne national
iruard after June 18 are entitled to re
ceive the benefits of the net from the
date of their enlistment."
' This information i put forth in gen
eral order No. 47. which has not yet
been received by the general staff of
Oregon. As soon as the particular ar
rive, blanks and form will be for
niar.li.il in the vaiiou companies for
applications to be made for part of
tli.a a ttnpnnriHttnn.
There was considerable . discussion i
among tlie men of the Third regiment!
HERETO STAY SAYS
Defies Police to Find Her
Clinic Or To Hurt It
If They Do
FOUR MORE CLINICS TO
BE STARTED ELSEWHERE
Says -Two Generations of
Birth Control Wul Wipe
Out the Slums" 1
By George Martin.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
New York, Oct. 21. "The poor, cen-
tury-behiud-the-times public officials of
thiB country might a well forget their
moss-grown statutes and acecpt birth
control as an established fact. My new
national plau makes it as inevitable aa
night and day."
Mrs. Margaret Sanger, short and ,
smiling with a tinge of red in her hair
and more than that in her eye, eat in
her little two by four hotel bedroom and
said that here today. Within the lost
4S hours she has established emi-eeret-ly
in this city the first out and out
birth, coutrol clinie in the United States,
the law, a federal indictmeut and num
erous arrests all over the country to
the contrary aotwithstanding-
"The police are hunting my clinie
today," she went on. "They ean't find
it. If they should, they can't hurt it.
It is an oral clinie and the law saya
nothing about not spreading birth con
trol information orally.- If they do try
to interfere I am legally prepared to
can-y a hard .and bitter fiRbt to tho
highest tribunal in the land with the
best legal talent there is.
"Four more secret clinics will e run
ning In New "fork within a week. In
lens than a year there will be clinics' in
Washington, Cleveland, . Detroit, St. '
Paul, Minneapolis, Milwaukee, Denver,
St. Louis, Los Angeles, San Francisco,
San Diego, Portland, Seattle, Spokne
and Butte. They are every on organ
ized and ready to open the minute I say
the word. The Washington enmc win ,
open within a Tew naye.
Tne women j-ane xt
"Do the women like itt Say, you
ought to go down in the neighborhood
we have canvassed with secret circular
in the last 48 hours. The women are,
coming in by the dozenB. You oaa Hear
them calling from house to house in the.
congested districts: 'Oh, Mrs. Hoaen-"
Imum. you ought to see mis; iai i
"Withm two year every man ana
woman in this country will know how
many children they can afford to have.
And when they kuow that, I predict
that two generations of birth eontrol
will wipe out all the slums, eliminate)
the birth of mental defectives, minimize
the number of humans in our insane
asylum and automatically put a atop
to child labor and prostitution.
"I say it will wipe out child labor
because statistics show that 87 per
cent of our child labor is recruiter! from
families that are too large to be caied
for by the parents.
"I say it will wipe out the worst of
prostitution because iittttistieji nrovn
that 5 per ecnt of the girls taken Irani
lives of prostitution end phrd in in
dustrial homes come from poor parent
with nine or more children.
"Poverty doesn't force these girls in
to prostitution, but tho luck of atten
tion they get, with so many children at
home and the general sordid toe of
tueir live naturally lead them to such
a life. . .
"My friends and mysoir are going i
cannot afford to marry, much lese aave
children. And they'll learn that th
average working man's family should
not exceed two children, even under tha
most favorable physical conditions.
"This is the work tne law ana puu-
lic officials are trying to stop-"
concerning whether or not they j
,,.,t nv n? thin aimroprlation, whii
mounts to aoout w per
family of the dependent soMie? aa
long as he is on duty on the bonier.
. Oregon: Fnlr
tonight ad Sun
THIS ISA ,